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Pediatric hepatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762472/weaning-time-in-preterm-infants-an-audit-of-italian-primary-care-paediatricians
#1
Maria Elisabetta Baldassarre, Antonio Di Mauro, Annarita Pedico, Valentina Rizzo, Manuela Capozza, Fabio Meneghin, Gianluca Lista, Nicola Laforgia
INTRODUCTION: According to the 2016 Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) data in Italy, about 6.7% of all newborns are born prematurely. Due to the lack of data on current complementary feeding in preterm infants in Italy, the aim of the survey was to evaluate individual attitudes of primary care paediatricians, concerning the introduction of complementary foods in preterm infants. METHODS: An internet-based survey was conducted among primary care paediatricians, working in Italy, regarding (1) timing of the introduction of complementary foods to preterm newborns; (2) type of complementary foods introduced; (3) vitamin D and iron supplementations...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690960/is-hepatovenocaval-syndrome-a-different-entity-from-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-children
#2
Nadia Waheed, Huma Arshad Cheema, Hassan Suleman, Iqra Mushtaq, Zafar Fayyaz, Nadeem Anjum
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate between clinical and demographic spectrum, and outcome in hepatovenocaval syndrome (HVCS) and Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Children Hospital, Lahore, from January 2014 to January 2017. METHODOLOGY: All children less than 18 years of age, presenting with ascites and visible veins over abdomen, flanks and back were enrolled in the study...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596190/chapter-9-words-from-partner-societies
#3
Barbara Golden, Tom Stiris, Julián Panés, Leyla Namazova-Baranova, André Van Gossum, Heiner Boeing, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Armando Madrazo, James E Heubi, Nezha Mouane, Paul Fockens, Berthold Koletzko
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN), its close partner associations submitted comments and felicitations which are presented here. These include words from the Latin American (LASPGHAN), North American (NASPGHAN) and Panarabian Societies (PASPGHAN) and the Commonwealth Association (CAPGHAN) of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, the Federation of International Societies of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN), the European Academy of Pediatrics (EAP), the European Pediatric Association/Union of National Pediatric Societies (EPA-UNEPSA), the International Pediatric Association (IPA), the European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation (ECCO), European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) , the Federation of European Nutrition Societies (FENS), and United European Gastroenterology (UEG)...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596182/chapter-6-1-pediatric-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-c-30-years-of-espghan-clinical-research-and-recommendations
#4
Etienne M Sokal, Pilar Nannini
The expression of hepatitis B and C virus infections in children differs from that in adults and requires specific paediatric expertise. The European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) has been a pioneer in this field, having stressed the need for straightforward recommendations since the mid-1980s. Following much observation, surveillance, and research, a panel of ESPGHAN experts was able to develop such recommendations on hepatitis B infection in children in 2009, which was then followed in June 2013 by proper guidelines...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596164/chapter-4-the-relationship-between-the-european-and-north-american-societies-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#5
Carlos H Lifschitz, Jon Vanderhoof, Harland Winter, Stefano Guandalini, William Klish, Richard Grand, Allan Walker, Jay Perman
This chapter is based on the memories of those who shaped the relationship between the European and the North American Societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. The first joint meeting of the 2 Societies took place in Paris in 1978, followed by 1 in New York in 1985, 1 in Amsterdam in 1990, 1 in Houston in 1994, and the last one in Toulouse in 1998. The formation of the Federation of the International Societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) preceded the First World Congress of all Societies, which took place in Boston in 2000...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588985/ketogenic-parenteral-nutrition-in-17-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#6
Anastasia Dressler, Nadja Haiden, Petra Trimmel-Schwahofer, Franz Benninger, Sharon Samueli, Gudrun Gröppel, Sina Spatzierer, Angelika Mühlebner, Klaus Abraham, Martha Feucht
Objective: Ketogenic parenteral nutrition (kPN) is indicated when enteral intake is temporarily limited or impossible, but evidence-based prescriptions are lacking. Objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of kPN in children with epileptic encephalopathies using a new computer-based algorithm for accurate component calculating. Methods: Children with epilepsy receiving kPN were included. A computer-based algorithm was established on the basis of guidelines of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN): fat intake not exceeding 4 g/kg/day, age-adequate supply of protein, electrolytes, vitamins, and trace elements, but reduced carbohydrates...
March 2018: Epilepsia open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570554/paediatric-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-evidence-and-consensus-based-recommendations-from-an-espghan-led-expert-group
#7
Nikhil Thapar, Efstratios Saliakellis, Marc A Benninga, Osvaldo Borrelli, Joe Curry, Christophe Faure, Roberto De Giorgio, Girish Gupte, Charles H Knowles, Annamaria Staiano, Yvan Vandenplas, Carlo Di Lorenzo
OBJECTIVES: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstructive (CIPO) conditions are considered the most severe disorders of gut motility. They continue to present significant challenges in clinical care despite considerable recent progress in our understanding of pathophysiology, resulting in unacceptable levels of morbidity and mortality. Major contributors to the disappointing lack of progress in paediatric CIPO include a dearth of clarity and uniformity across all aspects of clinical care from definition and diagnosis to management...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570147/nutrition-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-position-paper-on-behalf-of-the-porto-inflammatory-bowel-disease-group-of-the-european-society-of-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#8
Erasmo Miele, Raanan Shamir, Marina Aloi, Amit Assa, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Lissy de Ridder, Johanna C Escher, Iva Hojsak, Sanja Kolaček, Sibylle Koletzko, Arie Levine, Paolo Lionetti, Massimo Martinelli, Frank Ruemmele, Richard K Russell, Rotem Sigall Boneh, Johan van Limbergen, Gigi Veereman, Annamaria Staiano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A growing body of evidence supports the need for detailed attention to nutrition and diet in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to define the steps in instituting dietary or nutritional management in light of the current evidence and to offer a useful and practical guide to physicians and dieticians involved in the care of pediatric IBD patients. METHODS: A group of 20 experts in pediatric IBD participated in an iterative consensus process including 2 face-to-face meetings, following an open call to Nutrition Committee of the European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Porto, IBD Interest, and Nutrition Committee...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551598/global-prevalence-of-celiac-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Prashant Singh, Ananya Arora, Tor A Strand, Daniel A Leffler, Carlo Catassi, Peter H Green, Ciaran P Kelly, Vineet Ahuja, Govind K Makharia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Celiac disease is a major public health problem worldwide. Although initially it was reported from countries with predominant Caucasian populations, it now has been reported from other parts of the world. The exact global prevalence of celiac disease is not known. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the global prevalence of celiac disease. METHODS: We searched Medline, PubMed, and EMBASE for the keywords celiac disease, celiac, celiac disease, tissue transglutaminase antibody, anti-endomysium antibody, endomysial antibody, and prevalence for studies published from January 1991 through March 2016...
June 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531465/quality-indicators-in-pediatric-colonoscopy-in-a-low-volume-center-implications-for-training
#10
Way-Seah Lee, Chun-Wei Tee, Zhong-Lin Koay, Tat-Seng Wong, Fatimah Zahraq, Hee-Wei Foo, Sik-Yong Ong, Shin-Yee Wong, Ruey-Terng Ng
AIM: To study implications of measuring quality indicators on training and trainees' performance in pediatric colonoscopy in a low-volume training center. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the performance of pediatric colonoscopies in a training center in Malaysia over 5 years (January 2010-December 2015), benchmarked against five quality indicators: appropriateness of indications, bowel preparations, cecum and ileal examination rates, and complications. The European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy guideline for pediatric endoscopy and North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition training guidelines were used as benchmarks...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502384/weaning-and-complementary-feeding-in-preterm-infants-management-timing-and-health-outcome
#11
Roberta Barachetti, Elisabetta Villa, Mario Barbarini
The introduction of solid food is necessary for any infant in order to provide adequate nutrition because when they grow up milk is insufficient for their nutritional needs. Infants born preterm have increased nutritional requirements. The high nutrient demands as well as the organ immaturity of preterm infants combine to render it difficult to achieve dietary intakes that will allow preterm infants to match their in utero growth rates. Current guidelines for the introduction of solid food to term infants cannot be directly translated to preterm infants...
December 22, 2017: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491751/infantile-gastroesophageal-reflux-adherence-to-treatment-guidelines-in-the-hospital-setting
#12
Heather A Long, Lauren Solski, Jill A Rebuck, Colin Bridgeman
OBJECTIVES: Recent guidelines defined and differentiated the management of gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The guidelines recommend against using empiric acid suppression therapy for infantile GER. The primary objective of this study was to assess inpatient guideline adherence regarding management of infantile GER through the perspective of pharmacists. Secondary objectives included assessing pharmacist comfort level with differentiation between GER and GERD, observing current trends in practice relating to the primary objective, and determining the availability of institution-specific guidelines that address the management of infantile GER...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489930/electrolyte-and-mineral-composition-of-term-donor-human-milk-before-and-after-pasteurization-and-of-raw-milk-of-preterm-mothers
#13
Carla Regina Bianchi Codo, Jamil Pedro de Siqueira Caldas, Rafaella Regina Alves Peixoto, Vitor Lacerda Sanches, Tamara Cristina Guiraldelo, Solange Cadore, Sérgio Tadeu Martins Marba
OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the concentrations of electrolytes and minerals in three different types of maternal milk samples: term donor milk before pasteurization, term donor milk after pasteurization and raw milk of mothers of preterm newborns at bedside. METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Concentrations of calcium (Ca), phosphorous (P), magnesium (Mg), sodium (Na) and potassium (K) were measured in random samples of three human breast milk groups...
February 22, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484898/an-overview-of-the-clinical-management-of-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-in-childhood
#14
Claudio Romano, Valeria Dipasquale, Anna Rybak, Donatella Comito, Osvaldo Borrelli
This narrative review provides an update on cyclic vomiting syndrome pathogenesis, diagnosis and management, based upon studies published after the 2008 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) official recommendations. The review began with a comprehensive PubMed/Medline search for "cyclic vomiting syndrome", "periodic syndromes" and "pediatrics" from 2000 up to October 2017. Additional papers were identified by reviewing the re-ference lists of retrieved publications...
March 23, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470322/pediatric-gastroesophageal-reflux-clinical-practice-guidelines-joint-recommendations-of-the-north-american-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-and-the-european-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#15
Rachel Rosen, Yvan Vandenplas, Maartje Singendonk, Michael Cabana, Carlo DiLorenzo, Frederic Gottrand, Sandeep Gupta, Miranda Langendam, Annamaria Staiano, Nikhil Thapar, Neelesh Tipnis, Merit Tabbers
This document serves as an update of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) 2009 clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants and children and is intended to be applied in daily practice and as a basis for clinical trials. Eight clinical questions addressing diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic topics were formulated...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424814/cytomegalovirus-infection-in-pediatric-severe-ulcerative-colitis-a-multicenter-study-from-the-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-porto-group-of-the-european-society-of-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#16
Shlomi Cohen, Christine Martinez-Vinson, Marina Aloi, Dan Turner, Amit Assa, Lissy de Ridder, Victorien M Wolters, Tim de Meij, Patrizia Alvisi, Jiri Bronsky, Uri Kopylov
BACKGROUND: Data on the clinical course and outcomes of pediatric patients with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection complicating acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASC) are very limited. The aim of our study was to compare outcomes of children with ASC who were CMV positive or CMV negative. METHODS: This was a multicenter retrospective case-controlled study, from centers affiliated with the Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease Porto Group of European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition...
March 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404451/microrna-therapy-inhibits-hepatoblastoma-growth-in-vivo-by-targeting-%C3%AE-catenin-and-wnt-signaling
#17
Emilie Indersie, Sarah Lesjean, Katarzyna B Hooks, Francis Sagliocco, Tony Ernault, Stefano Cairo, Maria Merched-Sauvage, Anne Rullier, Brigitte Le Bail, Sophie Taque, Michael Grotzer, Sophie Branchereau, Catherine Guettier, Monique Fabre, Laurence Brugières, Martin Hagedorn, Marie-Annick Buendia, Christophe F Grosset
Hepatoblastoma (HBL) is the most common pediatric liver cancer. In this malignant neoplasm, beta-catenin protein accumulates and increases Wnt signaling due to recurrent activating mutations in the catenin-beta 1 ( CTNNB1 ) gene. Therefore, beta-catenin is a key therapeutic target in HBL. However, controlling beta-catenin production with therapeutic molecules has been challenging. New biological studies could provide alternative therapeutic solutions for the treatment of HBL, especially for advanced tumors and metastatic disease...
April 2017: Hepatology Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395185/variation-in-part-time-work-among-pediatric-subspecialties
#18
Gary L Freed, Debra M Boyer, Kenton D Van, Michelle L Macy, Julie McCormick, Laurel K Leslie
OBJECTIVE: To assess the part-time workforce and average hours worked per week among pediatric subspecialists in the 15 medical subspecialties certified by the American Board of Pediatrics. STUDY DESIGN: We examined data from pediatric subspecialists who enrolled in Maintenance of Certification with the American Board of Pediatrics from 2009 to 2015. Data were collected via an online survey. Providers indicated whether they worked full time or part time and estimated the average number of hours worked per week in clinical, research, education, and administrative tasks, excluding time on call...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394212/survey-on-the-adherence-to-the-2009-naspghan-espghan-gastroesophageal-reflux-guidelines-by-brazilian-paediatricians
#19
Sarah Cristina Fontes Vieira, Flavia Matos Gurgel, Maria Zuleide Leão, Tiê Emídio Costa-Silva, Ikaro Daniel de Carvalho Barreto, Paulo Ricardo Saquete Martins-Filho, Mário C Vieira, Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the management of gastroesophageal reflux in children among Brazilian pediatricians and adherence to the 2009 North American Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (NASPGHAN), and European Society of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Guideline in Brazil. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted, applying a standard questionnaire with 12 questions about gastroesophageal reflux (GER) and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) management in infants, children, and adolescents to the pediatricians during the 37th Brazilian Pediatrics Congress in October, 2015...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373438/pediatric-gastroesophageal-reflux-clinical-practice-guidelines-joint-recommendations-of-the-north-american-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-naspghan-and-the-european-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#20
Rachel Rosen, Yvan Vandenplas, Maartje Singendonk, Michael Cabana, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Frederic Gottrand, Sandeep Gupta, Miranda Langendam, Annamaria Staiano, Nikhil Thapar, Neelesh Tipnis, Merit Tabbers
This document serves as an update of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) 2009 clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants and children and is intended to be applied in daily practice and as a basis for clinical trials. Eight clinical questions addressing diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic topics were formulated...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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