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serum phosphate levels and carotid intimal thickness

Frida Dangardt, Marietta Charakida, Scott Chiesa, Devina Bhowruth, Alicja Rapala, Daniela Thurn, Franz Schaefer, John Deanfield, Rukshana Shroff
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are exposed to both traditional 'Framingham' and uremia related cardiovascular risk factors that drive atherosclerotic and arteriosclerotic disease, but these cannot be differentiated using conventional ultrasound. We used ultra-high-frequency ultrasound (UHFUS) to differentiate medial thickness (MT) from intimal thickness (IT) in CKD patients, identify their determinants and monitor their progression. METHODS: Fifty-four children and adolescents with CKD and 12 healthy controls underwent UHFUS measurements using 55-70MHz transducers in common carotid and dorsal pedal arteries...
2018: PloS One
Jian-Rao Lu, Yang Yi, Zhong-Xiang Xiong, Xiu-Feng Cheng, Jing Hu, Hai-Yan Hang, Jie Cheng, Wen Peng
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to study the safety and efficacy of 1.25 mmol/l calcium dialysate on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) in elderly patients who suffered from secondary hypoparathyroidism. METHODS: Eighty-two elderly patients (ages ≥65) who had been in MHD with dialysate calcium at 1.5 mmol/l over 6 months and had 2 consecutive serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) measurements at level below 100 pg/ml were selected and randomized into 2 groups: treatment group (41 patients, with dialysate calcium at 1...
2016: Blood Purification
V K Sharma, P Dwivedi, A K Dubey
While increased serum phosphate concentration is a significant risk factor for vascular calcification, it is unclear whether serum phosphate is also a risk factor for increased arterial wall thickness in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Using B-mode ultrasonography, we examined carotid intimal-medial thickness (CIMT) of CKD patients and analyzed risk factors for increased IMT with regard to the effect of serum phosphate. One hundred patients were enrolled (73 patients without diabetes, 27 patients with diabetes; 57 men, 43 women; age, 46...
January 2014: Indian Journal of Nephrology
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