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Review article in neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687400/the-neurobiology-of-human-crying
#1
REVIEW
Lauren M Bylsma, Asmir Gračanin, Ad J J M Vingerhoets
The production of emotional tears appears to be uniquely present in Homo sapiens. Despite the ubiquity of this human behavior, research is only just beginning to uncover the neurobiologic underpinnings of human emotional crying. In this article, we review the current state of the literature investigating the neurobiologic aspects of this uniquely human behavior, including the neuroanatomical, neurochemical, and psychophysiologic findings. To set the context for this review, we first provide a brief overview of the evolutionary background and functions of tearful crying...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687346/long-term-cognitive-outcomes-after-sepsis-a-translational-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Tatiana Barichello, Pavani Sayana, Vijayasree V Giridharan, Anithachristy S Arumanayagam, Boomadevi Narendran, Amanda Della Giustina, Fabricia Petronilho, João Quevedo, Felipe Dal-Pizzol
Sepsis is systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a life-threatening organ dysfunction that is caused by an unbalanced host immune response in an attempt to eliminate invasive microorganisms. We posed questions, "Does sepsis survivor patients have increased risk of neuropsychiatric manifestations?" and "What is the mechanism by which sepsis induces long-term neurological sequelae, particularly substantial cognitive function decline in survivor patients and in pre-clinical sepsis models?" The studies were identified by searching PubMed/MEDLINE (National Library of Medicine), PsycINFO, EMBASE (Ovid), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature), IBECS (Bibliographical Index in Spanish in Health Sciences), and Web of Science databases for peer-reviewed journals that were published until January 2018...
April 23, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686117/comprehensive-systematic-review-summary-disease-modifying-therapies-for-adults-with-multiple-sclerosis-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology
#3
Alexander Rae-Grant, Gregory S Day, Ruth Ann Marrie, Alejandro Rabinstein, Bruce A C Cree, Gary S Gronseth, Michael Haboubi, June Halper, Jonathan P Hosey, David E Jones, Robert Lisak, Daniel Pelletier, Sonja Potrebic, Cynthia Sitcov, Rick Sommers, Julie Stachowiak, Thomas S D Getchius, Shannon A Merillat, Tamara Pringsheim
OBJECTIVE: To review evidence on starting, switching, and stopping disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for multiple sclerosis (MS) in clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), and progressive MS forms. METHODS: Relevant, peer-reviewed research articles, systematic reviews, and abstracts were identified (MEDLINE, CENTRAL, EMBASE searched from inception to November 2016). Studies were rated using the therapeutic classification scheme. Prior published Cochrane reviews were also used...
April 24, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685065/noninvasive-brain-stimulation-challenges-and-opportunities-for-a-new-clinical-specialty
#4
Aaron D Boes, Michael S Kelly, Nicholas T Trapp, Adam P Stern, Daniel Z Press, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
Noninvasive brain stimulation refers to a set of technologies and techniques with which to modulate the excitability of the brain via transcranial stimulation. Two major modalities of noninvasive brain stimulation are transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial current stimulation. Six TMS devices now have approved uses by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and are used in clinical practice: five for treating medication refractory depression and the sixth for presurgical mapping of motor and speech areas...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681801/anatomy-based-networks-and-topology-alteration-in-seizure-related-cognitive-outcomes
#5
REVIEW
Qian Wu, Charlie W Zhao, Zhe Long, Bo Xiao, Li Feng
Epilepsy is a paroxysmal neurological disorder characterized by recurrent and unprovoked seizures affecting approximately 50 million people worldwide. Cognitive dysfunction induced by seizures is a severe comorbidity of epilepsy and epilepsy syndromes and reduces patients' quality of life. Seizures, along with accompanying histopathological and pathophysiological changes, are associated with cognitive comorbidities. Advances in imaging technology and computing allow anatomical and topological changes in neural networks to be visualized...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680953/surgical-management-of-the-neurogenic-bladder-after-spinal-cord-injury
#6
Jean-Jacques Wyndaele, Brian Birch, Albert Borau, Frank Burks, David Castro-Diaz, Emmanuel Chartier-Kastler, Marcus Drake, Osamu Ishizuka, Tomonori Minigawa, Eloy Opisso, Kenneth Peters, Barbara Padilla-Fernández, Christine Reus, Noritoshi Sekido
PURPOSE: This work represents the efforts of the SIU-ICUD workgroup on this topic and comprehensive literature search of English language manuscripts regarding urologic surgery in spinal cord injury using key words of urologic surgery and spinal cord injury. Articles were compiled, and recommendations in the chapter are based on group discussion and intensive communication. The purpose is to review what has been published during the last decades on urological surgery for neurogenic bladder after spinal cord injury...
April 21, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674128/diagnostic-value-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-cxcl13-for-acute-lyme-neuroborreliosis-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Tobias Armin Rupprecht, Kirsi Marjaana Manz, Volker Fingerle, Christian Lechner, Matthias Klein, Markus Pfirrmann, Uwe Koedel
OBJECTIVES: The utility of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) CXCL13 for diagnosis of acute Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) has been debated and the test is not yet routinely performed. This study's aim was to evaluate its overall diagnostic accuracy through meta-analysis. METHODS: Electronic searches in PubMed MEDLINE and Web of Science were performed to identify relevant articles published before January 2018. A summary receiver operating characteristic curve and an optimal cut-off were estimated modeling multiple cut-offs...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672872/neuromuscular-ultrasound-of-the-brachial-plexus-a-standardized-approach
#8
REVIEW
Vanessa Baute, Jeffrey A Strakowski, Jon W Reynolds, Kristopher R Karvelas, Paul Ehlers, Kevin J Brenzy, Zhongyu J Li, Michael S Cartwright
Reliable assessment of brachial plexus disorders can be challenging due to the complexity of the anatomy and variation of potential pathology. Electrodiagnostic testing can be both uncomfortable for the patient and inconclusive. Ultrasound can serve as a complement to clinical assessment, electrodiagnostic testing, and other imaging modalities. This paper describes a systematic approach for performing neuromuscular ultrasound for suspected pathology in the brachial plexus. The literature regarding techniques for brachial plexus ultrasound was reviewed...
April 19, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670514/effects-of-tdcs-on-bimanual-motor-skills-a-brief-review
#9
REVIEW
Nils H Pixa, Bettina Pollok
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that allows the modulation of cortical excitability as well as neuroplastic reorganization using a weak constant current applied through the skull on the cerebral cortex. TDCS has been found to improve motor performance in general and motor learning in particular. However, these effects have been reported almost exclusively for unimanual motor tasks such as serial reaction time tasks, adaptation tasks, or visuo-motor tracking...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668332/neurological-complications-of-zika-virus-infection
#10
Francisco Javier Carod-Artal
Zika virus (ZIKV) disease is a vector-borne infectious disease transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. Recently, ZIKV has caused outbreaks in most American countries. Areas covered: Publications about neurological complications of ZIKV infection retrieved from pubmed searchers were reviewed, and reference lists and relevant articles from review articles were also examined. Vertical/intrauterine transmission leads to congenital infection and causes microcephaly and congenital ZIKV syndrome. ZIKV preferentially infects human neural progenitor cells and triggers cell apoptosis...
April 18, 2018: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665426/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-and-demyelinating-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Julie Mouchet, Francesco Salvo, Emanuel Raschi, Elisabetta Poluzzi, Ippazio Cosimo Antonazzo, Fabrizio De Ponti, Bernard Bégaud
BACKGROUND: Approved in 2006, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines were initially targeted for girls aged 9-14 years. Although the safety of these vaccines has been monitored through post-licensure surveillance programmes, cases of neurological events have been reported worldwide. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to assess the risk of developing demyelination after HPV immunization by meta-analysing risk estimates from pharmacoepidemiologic studies. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review was conducted in Medline, Embase, ISI Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from inception to 10 May 2017, without language restriction...
April 14, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663285/exosomes-in-acquired-neurological-disorders-new-insights-into-pathophysiology-and-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Nicole Osier, Vida Motamedi, Katie Edwards, Ava Puccio, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Kimbra Kenney, Jessica Gill
Exosomes are endogenous nanovesicles that play critical roles in intercellular signaling by conveying functional genetic information and proteins between cells. Exosomes readily cross the blood-brain barrier and have promise as therapeutic delivery vehicles that have the potential to specifically deliver molecules to the central nervous system (CNS). This unique feature also makes exosomes attractive as biomarkers in diagnostics, prognostics, and therapeutics in the context of multiple significant public health conditions, including acquired neurological disorders...
April 16, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663144/is-anterior-release-and-cervical-traction-necessary-for-the-treatment-of-irreducible-atlantoaxial-dislocation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Jian Guan, Zan Chen, Hao Wu, Qingyu Yao, Can Zhang, Tengfei Qi, Kai Wang, Wanru Duan, Jun Gao, Yongning Li, Fengzeng Jian
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation (IAAD) treated with posterior fusion after anterior release and direct posterior reduction of the dislocation. METHODS: Online databases were searched for articles describing IAAD published from 1999 to 2015. Five studies (105 patients) described treatment with posterior fusion after periodontoid tissue release, and five studies (113 patients) described treatment with direct posterior reduction of the dislocation...
April 16, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662907/demystifying-mr-neurography-of-the-lumbosacral-plexus-from-protocols-to-pathologies
#14
REVIEW
Francisco J Muniz Neto, Eduardo N Kihara Filho, Frederico C Miranda, Laercio A Rosemberg, Durval C B Santos, Atul K Taneja
Magnetic resonance neurography is a high-resolution imaging technique that allows evaluating different neurological pathologies in correlation to clinical and the electrophysiological data. The aim of this article is to present a review on the anatomy of the lumbosacral plexus nerves, along with imaging protocols, interpretation pitfalls, and most common pathologies that should be recognized by the radiologist: traumatic, iatrogenic, entrapment, tumoral, infectious, and inflammatory conditions. An extensive series of clinical and imaging cases is presented to illustrate key-points throughout the article...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660949/concussion-and-the-autonomic-nervous-system-an-introduction-to-the-field-and-the-results-of-a-systematic-review
#15
Jon L Pertab, Tricia L Merkley, Alex J Cramond, Kelly Cramond, Holly Paxton, Trevor Wu
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that autonomic nervous dysfunction may be one of many potential factors contributing to persisting post-concussion symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This is the first systematic review to explore the impact of concussion on multiple aspects of autonomic nervous system functioning. METHODS: The methods employed are in compliance with the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and PRISMA standards. Embase, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and Science Citation Index literature searches were performed using relevant indexing terms for articles published prior to the end of December 2016...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660942/the-role-of-the-gut-microbiota-in-the-metabolism-of-polyphenols-as-characterized-by-gnotobiotic-mice
#16
Giulio Maria Pasinetti, Risham Singh, Susan Westfall, Francis Herman, Jeremiah Faith, Lap Ho
A growing body of experimental data suggests that microbes in the gut influence behavior and can alter brain physiology and neurochemistry. Although promising, researchers are only starting to understand the potential of the gut microbiota for use in neurological disease. Recent evidence demonstrated that gastrointestinal activities are linked to mood disorders such as anxiety, depression, and most recently, cognitive functions in age-related neurodegenerative disorders. Studies from our group and others are uncovering new evidence suggesting that the gut microbiota plays a crucial role in the metabolism and bioavailability of certain dietary compounds and synthetic drugs...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658462/-research-advances-in-immune-tolerance-of-allogeneic-cell-transplantation-in-preterm-infants
#17
Can Lyu, Yi Qu, De-Zhi Mu
Preterm infants are a special group, and related severe neurological, respiratory, and digestive disorders have high disability/fatality rates. Allogeneic cell transplantation may be an effective method for the prevention and treatment of these diseases. At present, animal studies have been conducted for allogeneic cell transplantation in the treatment of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and necrotizing enterocolitis. The main difficulty of this technique is graft-versus-host reaction (GVHR), and successful induction of immune tolerance needs to be achieved in order to solve this problem...
April 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657944/driving-outcomes-among-older-adults-a-systematic-review-on-racial-and-ethnic-differences-over-20-years
#18
Ganesh M Babulal, Monique M Williams, Sarah H Stout, Catherine M Roe
The population of older adults (aged 65 years and older) in the United States will become more racially and ethnically diverse in the next three decades. Additionally, the growth of the aging population will come with an expansion in the number of older drivers and an increased prevalence of chronic neurological conditions. A major gap in the aging literature is an almost exclusive focus on homogenous, non-Hispanic white samples of older adults. It is unclear if this extends to the driving literature. A systematic review of SCOPUS, PubMed, CINAHL Plus, and Web of Science examined articles on driving and racial/ethnic differences among older adults...
March 2018: Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656627/ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-in-cervical-spine-prevalence-management-and-prognosis
#19
REVIEW
Jau-Ching Wu, Yu-Chun Chen, Wen-Cheng Huang
Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in the cervical spine and related neurological complications are not uncommon in East Asian countries. The estimated prevalence of cervical OPLL-related hospitalization is 7.7 per 100,000 person-years in Taiwan, and higher incidence rates have been observed in elderly and male patients. Although cervical OPLL is frequently insidious, it can eventually cause myelopathy and predispose patients to spinal cord injury (SCI). There are multiple options for managing cervical OPLL, ranging from observation to many kinds of surgical procedures, including posterior laminoplasty, laminectomy with or without fusion, anterior corpectomy with or without instrumentation, and circumferential decompression and fusion...
March 2018: Neurospine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652315/-music-therapy-procedures-controlled-by-the-brain-potentials-in-treatment-of-functional-disorders
#20
A A Zemlyanaya, G S Radchenko, A I Fedotchev
Twenty years ago, the Korsakov's Journal of Neurology and Psychiatry has published the article of Ya.I. Levin 'Brain music in the treatment of patients with insomnia'. This publication was the starting point for an innovative approach to preventing and correcting functional disorders of a person via musical or music-like stimuli that are controlled by the brain potentials of patient's. This approach called 'Music of the brain' is fully consistent with modern ideas about preventive neuroscience as a new field of scientific research at the intersection of neuroscience and preventive medicine...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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