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Review article in neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103591/searching-the-footprints-of-pioneers-on-neurology-a-bibliometric-analysis
#1
Kang Min Park, Jee-Eun Kim, Yerim Kim, Si Eun Kim, Dae Young Yoon, Jong Seok Bae
BACKGROUND: We identify the most cited articles that have influenced the clinical practices of neurologists. METHODS: We first analyzed the top 100 cited articles published in 50 neurology journals with high impact factors. We collected all of the original articles on clinical neurology published in all 554 medical journals. The Institute for Scientific Information Web of Science search tools were used to identify the top 100 cited articles in the database of Journal Citation Reports since 1950, which were then manually reviewed to discover their contents...
January 20, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093992/effects-of-thyroid-hormones-and-their-metabolites-on-learning-and-memory-in-normal-and-pathological-conditions
#2
Alice Accorroni, Grazia Chiellini, Nicola Origlia
BACKGROUND: Classical thyroid hormones have an established necessary role in the normal development of the central nervous system, and they have been recently considered as decisive factors influencing cognitive functions in adult brain and involved in the development of Alzheimer's disease. The picture summarizing thyroid hormone effects on adult brain, however, does not only include classical thyroid hormones but also the products of their peripheral metabolism. These latter have been considered as inactive breakdown products for long but recently were proved to produce significant biological effects...
January 16, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092971/literature-review-of-idiopathic-toe-walking
#3
David Pomarino, Juliana Ramírez Llamas, Stephan Martin, Andrea Pomarino
PURPOSE: The main objective of this review is to gather the information available about idiopathic toe walking (ITW), its prevalence and classification, and possible therapeutic approaches. In addition, this review aims to clarify the differences between idiopathic toe walkers and tiptoe walkers with underlying neurological or muscle deficiency as primary conditions. Understanding its causes and learning to make a differential diagnosis will help determine the adequate therapeutic approach...
January 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089323/neurophysiological-monitoring-of-lumbar-spinal-nerve-roots-a-case-report-of-postoperative-deficit-and-literature-review
#4
Yuguang Chen, Baoqing P Wang, Junlin Yang, Yaolong Deng
INTRODUCTION: Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) has proven to help reduce the probability of postoperative neurological deficit for spinal deformity correctional surgeries. However, in rare cases new deficits may still happen. We report a surgical case in which the patient had postoperative paralysis. We would like to call for more case reports with postoperative neurological deficits as they present difficult clinical cases. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 61-year-old male patient with severe thoracolumbar kyphoscoliosis underwent posterior spinal correction and fusion with segmental T10-L5 pedicle screws and rods instrumentation with IONM...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077494/practice-guideline-summary-use-of-fmri-in-the-presurgical-evaluation-of-patients-with-epilepsy-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology
#5
Jerzy P Szaflarski, David Gloss, Jeffrey R Binder, William D Gaillard, Alexandra J Golby, Scott K Holland, Jeffrey Ojemann, David C Spencer, Sara J Swanson, Jacqueline A French, William H Theodore
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of functional MRI (fMRI) in determining lateralization and predicting postsurgical language and memory outcomes. METHODS: An 11-member panel evaluated and rated available evidence according to the 2004 American Academy of Neurology process. At least 2 panelists reviewed the full text of 172 articles and selected 37 for data extraction. Case reports, reports with <15 cases, meta-analyses, and editorials were excluded...
January 11, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072733/efficacy-and-safety-of-puerarin-injection-in-curing-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
Qing-Hua Zheng, Xiao-Li Li, Zhi-Gang Mei, Li Xiong, Qing-Xian Mei, Jin-Feng Wang, Ling-Jing Tan, Song-Bai Yang, Zhi-Tao Feng
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicated that the puerarin injection has been widely employed in China for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. We aim to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the puerarin injection for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PUBMED, EMBASE, SPRINGER LINK, Scopus, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), VIP Journals Database, Wanfang database and the China Biological Medicine database before November 2016, randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) of puerarin injection treating acute ischemic stroke were included...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067709/factors-associated-with-risk-of-neurologic-complications-after-peripheral-nerve-blocks-a-systematic-review
#7
Rakesh V Sondekoppam, Ban C H Tsui
The onset of neurologic complications after regional anesthesia is a complex process and may result from an interaction of host, agent, and environmental risk factors. The purpose of this systematic review was examine the qualitative evidence relating to various risk factors implicated in neurologic dysfunction after peripheral nerve block (PNB). The MEDLINE, OVID, and EMBASE databases were primary sources for literature. Cochrane, LILACS, DARE, IndMed, ERIC, NHS, and HTA via Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD; York University) databases were searched for additional unique results...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064446/depression-screening-tools-in-persons-with-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-of-validated-tools
#8
REVIEW
Stephanie J Gill, Sara Lukmanji, Kirsten M Fiest, Scott B Patten, Samuel Wiebe, Nathalie Jetté
OBJECTIVE: Depression affects approximately 25% of epilepsy patients. However, the optimal tool to screen for depression in epilepsy has not been definitively established. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature on the validity of depression-screening tools in epilepsy. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were searched until April 4, 2016 with no restriction on dates. Abstract, full-text review and data abstraction were conducted in duplicate...
January 8, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064325/childhood-epilepsies-what-should-a-pediatrician-know
#9
Fahad A Bashiri
Seizures in children are among the most common neurological disorders. A pediatrician should know how to approach a child who presents with a seizure. This review will focus on points that are important in the evaluation of children who have experienced seizures. A comprehensive and neurologically focused framework for history taking and a thorough clinical examination are the cornerstones in diagnosing and managing seizures. This article reviews the clinical approach to the diagnosis, investigation, and management of epilepsy in children, excluding neonatal seizures...
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060103/a-review-of-techniques-used-in-the-management-of-growing-skull-fractures
#10
Noemie Vezina, Becher Al-Halabi, Hani Shash, Roy R Dudley, Mirko S Gilardino
BACKGROUND: Growing skull fractures (GSFs) are rare complications of pediatric head trauma that comprise skull fractures associated with an underlying dural tear and an intact arachnoid membrane. They are often misdiagnosed, and delay in management can lead to progression of the disease along with its neurological sequelae. Multiple clinical reports and qualitative reviews on this entity exist. To our knowledge, this represents the largest clinical review reporting on established techniques in the management of these fractures...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054170/risk-factors-for-unprovoked-epileptic-seizures-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Sara Gasparini, Edoardo Ferlazzo, Michele Ascoli, Chiara Sueri, Vittoria Cianci, Concetta Russo, Laura Rosa Pisani, Pasquale Striano, Maurizio Elia, Ettore Beghi, Carmela Colica, Umberto Aguglia
The role of different factors in influencing the risk of seizures during multiple sclerosis (MS) is not known. To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of risk factors for epilepsy during MS. Pubmed, Google scholar, and Scopus databases were searched. Articles published in English (1986-2016) were included. Nine studies were included (3 retrospective cohort and 6 case-control) enrolling 2845 MS patients (217 with epilepsy; 7.6%). MS patients with epilepsy had a younger age at onset compared to MS patients without seizures (difference in means = -5...
January 4, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045901/zika-virus-infection-as-a-cause-of-congenital-brain-abnormalities-and-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-systematic-review
#12
Fabienne Krauer, Maurane Riesen, Ludovic Reveiz, Olufemi T Oladapo, Ruth Martínez-Vega, Teegwendé V Porgo, Anina Haefliger, Nathalie J Broutet, Nicola Low
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) stated in March 2016 that there was scientific consensus that the mosquito-borne Zika virus was a cause of the neurological disorder Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and of microcephaly and other congenital brain abnormalities based on rapid evidence assessments. Decisions about causality require systematic assessment to guide public health actions. The objectives of this study were to update and reassess the evidence for causality through a rapid and systematic review about links between Zika virus infection and (a) congenital brain abnormalities, including microcephaly, in the foetuses and offspring of pregnant women and (b) GBS in any population, and to describe the process and outcomes of an expert assessment of the evidence about causality...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045817/review-of-5-articles-of-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-patients-with-positional-plagiocephaly-articles-in-neurosurgery-79-e623-e633-2016
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044203/advances-with-neonatal-aerodigestive-science-in-the-pursuit-of-safe-swallowing-in-infants-invited-review
#14
Sudarshan R Jadcherla
Feeding, swallowing, and airway protection are three distinct entities. Feeding involves a process of sequential, neurosensory, and neuromotor interactions of reflexes and behaviors facilitating ingestion. Swallowing involves anterograde bolus movement during oral-, pharyngeal-, and esophageal phases of peristalsis into stomach. During these events, coordination with airway protection is vital for homeostasis in clearing any material away from airway vicinity. Neurological-airway-digestive inter-relationships are critical to the continuum of successful feeding patterns during infancy, either in health or disease...
January 2, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033646/the-robo3-receptor-a-key-player-in-the-development-evolution-and-function-of-commissural-systems
#15
REVIEW
François Friocourt, Alain Chédotal
Roundabout receptors are known to mediate Slit-dependent repulsive signaling. However in vertebrates, mounting evidence suggest that Robo3 is an unconventional Robo receptor regarding both its expression and function. From its initial description, Robo3 receptor has been tightly associated with the development of specific axons, called commissural, that connect both sides of the nervous system. Many studies using transgenic mouse models showed that Robo3 expression is mandatory for commissural axon guidance to the floor plate...
December 29, 2016: Developmental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028560/pathophysiology-prevention-treatment-and-outcomes-of-intestinal-failure-associated-liver-disease
#16
REVIEW
Noora H Al-Shahwani, David L Sigalet
BACKGROUND: Intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) remains a serious problem in the treatment of infants with nutritional problems and short bowel syndrome. METHODS: A review of the recent literature from 2010 to 2016, concentrating on articles related to the pathophysiology of IFALD and to outcomes of novel nutritional and pharmacological therapies for neonatal cholestasis in the post-surgical neonate. RESULTS: The pathophysiology of IFALD relates to an increase sensitivity of the neonatal liver to cholestasis in the non-fed state; prolonged cholestasis almost inevitably results in liver damage which will progress from fibrosis to cirrhosis...
December 27, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013487/surgical-treatment-of-migraine-headaches
#17
REVIEW
Lisa Gfrerer, Bahman Guyuron
The senior author (BG) introduced the modern concept of migraine surgery in 2000. Since then, over 40 articles have been published by eight centers across the US, Europe, and Asia, describing positive outcomes after surgery in 68-95% of cases. Surgeons, neurologists, and patients are increasingly interested in this new treatment method. However, the majority of publications on this topic are found in surgical literature, with few articles presented in neurology journals. This review is an introduction to migraine surgery for neurologists from a surgeons view...
December 24, 2016: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012729/neurologic-emergencies-in-hiv-negative-immunosuppressed-patients
#18
J A Guzmán-De-Villoria, P Fernández-García, P J Borrego-Ruiz
HIV-negative immunosuppressed patients comprise a heterogeneous group including transplant patients, patients undergoing treatment with immunosuppressors, uremic patients, alcoholics, undernourished patients, diabetics, patients on dialysis, elderly patients, and those diagnosed with severe or neoplastic processes. Epileptic seizures, focal neurologic signs, and meningoencephalitis are neurologic syndromes that require urgent action. In most of these situations, neuroimaging tests are necessary, but the findings can be different from those observed in immunocompetent patients in function of the inflammatory response...
December 21, 2016: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012118/risk-factors-for-qtc-prolongation-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#19
Eline Vandael, Bert Vandenberk, Joris Vandenberghe, Rik Willems, Veerle Foulon
Background QTc-interval prolongation has been associated with serious adverse events, such as Torsade de Pointes and sudden cardiac death. In the prevention of QTc-prolongation, special attention should go to high-risk patients. Aim of the review The aim of this review is to summarize and assess the evidence for different risk factors for QTc-prolongation (demographic factors, comorbidities, electrolytes, QTc-prolonging medication). Methods Potential studies were retrieved based on a systematic search of articles published until June 2015 in the databases Medline and Embase...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001759/transcranial-low-level-laser-light-therapy-for-brain-injury
#20
Connor Thunshelle, Michael R Hamblin
BACKGROUND: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) or photobiomodulation (PBM) is a possible treatment for brain injury, including traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: We review the fundamental mechanisms at the cellular and molecular level and the effects on the brain are discussed. There are several contributing processes that have been proposed to lead to the beneficial effects of PBM in treating TBI such as stimulation of neurogenesis, a decrease in inflammation, and neuroprotection...
December 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
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