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Review article in neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241089/association-of-psychosis-with-antiphospholipid-antibody-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-studies
#1
Asma Hallab, Sadiq Naveed, Ahmed Altibi, Mariam Abdelkhalek, Huyen Thi Ngo, Thao Phuong Le, Kenji Hirayama, Nguyen Tien Huy
OBJECTIVE: In this systematic review, we reviewed the association between Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) and psychosis and focused on the prevalence, clinical presentation, immunologic and neurological workup, treatment options, and clinical outcomes. METHODOLOGY: We performed this systematic review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)'s guidelines. We searched eight databases for potential articles and manually searched references and relevant articles of included studies...
November 16, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239832/magnetic-resonance-elastography-for-examining-developmental-changes-in-the-mechanical-properties-of-the-brain
#2
REVIEW
Curtis L Johnson, Eva H Telzer
Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) is a quantitative imaging technique for noninvasively characterizing tissue mechanical properties, and has recently emerged as a valuable tool for neuroimaging. The measured mechanical properties reflect the microstructural composition and organization of neural tissue, and have shown significant effects in many neurological conditions and normal, healthy aging, and evidence has emerged supporting novel relationships between mechanical structure and cognitive function. The sensitivity of MRE to brain structure, function, and health make it an ideal technique for studying the developing brain; however, brain MRE studies on children and adolescents have only just begun...
September 1, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239145/line-1-retrotransposons-in-healthy-and-diseased-human-brain
#3
REVIEW
Nicole A Suarez, Angela Macia, Alysson R Muotri
Long interspersed element-1 (LINE-1 or L1) is a transposable element with the ability to self-mobilize throughout the human genome. The L1 elements found in the human brain is hypothesized to date back 56 million years ago and has survived evolution, currently accounting for 17% of the human genome. L1 retrotransposition has been theorized to contribute to somatic mosaicism. This review focuses on the presence of L1 in the healthy and diseased human brain, such as in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Throughout this exploration, we will discuss the impact L1 has on neurological disorders that can occur throughout the human lifetime...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239047/does-the-amount-of-lower-extremity-movement-variability-differ-between-injured-and-uninjured-populations-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Samuel R Baida, Shane J Gore, Andrew D Franklyn-Miller, Kieran A Moran
Movement variability during repetitive performance of a dynamic activity (e.g. running, jumping, kicking) is considered an integral characteristic of optimal movement execution, however, it's relationship with musculoskeletal injury is not known. The primary aim of this paper was to review published comparison trials to determine if movement variability differs between uninjured controls and subjects with a lower limb musculoskeletal injury. A systematic search of online databases; Medline, Sports Discus, Scopus and Web of Science was conducted from July to November 2016...
December 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238648/trends-in-spinal-surgery-for-pott-s-disease-2000-2016-an-overview-and-bibliometric-study
#5
Christian Fisahn, Fernando Alonso, Ghazwan A Hasan, R Shane Tubbs, Joseph R Dettori, Thomas A Schildhauer, Tarush Rustagi
Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: (1) What are the surgical indications? Have they changed over time since the year 2000? (2) What is the current surgical approaches of choice? Have they changed over time since the year 2000? Do they vary by geographical region? (3) What are the most common outcome measures following surgery? Methods: Electronic databases and reference lists of key articles were searched from database inception from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2016 to identify studies specifically evaluating surgical indications, current surgical approaches, and outcome measures for spinal tuberculosis...
December 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238291/modulation-of-neocortical-development-by-early-neuronal-activity-physiology-and-pathophysiology
#6
REVIEW
Sergei Kirischuk, Anne Sinning, Oriane Blanquie, Jenq-Wei Yang, Heiko J Luhmann, Werner Kilb
Animal and human studies revealed that patterned neuronal activity is an inherent feature of developing nervous systems. This review summarizes our current knowledge about the mechanisms generating early electrical activity patterns and their impact on structural and functional development of the cerebral cortex. All neocortical areas display distinct spontaneous and sensory-driven neuronal activity patterns already at early phases of development. At embryonic stages, intermittent spontaneous activity is synchronized within small neuronal networks, becoming more complex with further development...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237549/modeling-parkinson-s-disease-and-treatment-complications-in-rodents-potentials-and-pitfalls-of-the-current-options
#7
REVIEW
Veronica Francardo
Animal models of neurological deficits are essential to assess new therapeutic options and reduce treatment complications. Over the last decades, several rodent models of Parkinson's disease have been developed, and have now become the first-line experimental tool for therapeutic screening purposes. Which model is the most predictive for identifying the efficacy of symptomatic or disease-modifying interventions is still a matter of debate. None of the models so far available is able to recapitulate all the features of the human disease, but several well-characterized models with complementary features currently provide a valuable repertoire of tools to address specific scientific hypotheses...
December 10, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237535/-application-of-movement-recognition-technology-in-assessing-spontaneous-general-movements-in-preterm-infants
#8
Hong-Hua Li, Ling Shan, Bing Wang, Fei-Yong Jia
Preterm birth is a major factor which induces neurological and motor impairments, particularly cerebral palsy, in high-risk infants. Early identification of potential neurodevelopmental impairments provides the opportunity to improve neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants through early rehabilitation interventions. Clinically, the general movement assessment is a pivotal tool to predict neurodevelopmental outcomes, especially motor developmental outcomes, in high-risk infants. Movement recognition can continuously capture relevant limb movements and perform objective and quantitative assessment using computerized approaches...
December 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237239/sex-steroid-hormones-and-brain-function-pet-imaging-as-a-tool-for-research
#9
REVIEW
R Moraga-Amaro, A van Waarde, J Doorduin, E F J de Vries
Sex steroid hormones are major regulators of sexual characteristic among species. These hormones, however, are also produced in the brain. Steroidal hormone-mediated signaling via the corresponding hormone receptors can influence brain function at a cellular level and thus affect behavior and higher brain functions. Altered steroid hormone signaling has been associated with psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression. Neurosteroids are also thought to have a neuroprotective effect in neurodegenerative diseases So far, the role of steroid hormone receptors in physiological and pathological conditions have mainly been investigated post-mortem on animal or human brain tissues...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236893/pan-syrinx-and-syringomyelia
#10
Leonardo Palacios-Sánchez, Juan Sebastián Botero-Meneses, María Camila Vélez-Flórez
Many myths and legends have had a deep influence on modern language, and on modern medical vernacular. The terms "syrinx" and "panic"are two of the most characteristic examples and their use in neurology and other specialties is well known. This article reviews the history of these words in Greek mythology and their use in modern medicine. It is known by very few that clinical symptoms or conditions, such as syringomyelia and panic attacks, have a mythological origin in their definition and naming.
December 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236528/role-of-clinical-neuropsychology-in-deep-brain-stimulation-review-of-the-literature-and-considerations-for-clinicians
#11
Joseph A Mole, Simon J Prangnell
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is an effective surgical therapy for several neurological movement disorders. The clinical neuropsychologist has a well-established role in the neuropsychological evaluation and selection of surgical candidates. In this article, we argue that the clinical neuropsychologist's role is much broader, when considered in relation to applied psychologists' core competencies. We consider the role of the clinical neuropsychologist in DBS in relation to: assessment, formulation, evaluation and research, intervention or implementation, and communication...
December 13, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234493/what-are-the-risks-of-manual-treatment-of-the-spine-a-scoping-review-for-clinicians
#12
REVIEW
Gabrielle Swait, Rob Finch
Background: Communicating to patients the risks of manual treatment to the spine is an important, but challenging element of informed consent. This scoping review aimed to characterise and summarise the available literature on risks and to describe implications for clinical practice and research. Method: A methodological framework for scoping reviews was followed. Systematic searches were conducted during June 2017. The quantity, nature and sources of literature were described...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230021/markers-of-microglia-in-post-mortem-brain-samples-from-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
K E Hopperton, D Mohammad, M O Trépanier, V Giuliano, R P Bazinet
Neuroinflammation is proposed as one of the mechanisms by which Alzheimer's disease pathology, including amyloid-β plaques, leads to neuronal death and dysfunction. Increases in the expression of markers of microglia, the main neuroinmmune cell, are widely reported in brains from patients with Alzheimer's disease, but the literature has not yet been systematically reviewed to determine whether this is a consistent pathological feature. A systematic search was conducted in Medline, Embase and PsychINFO for articles published up to 23 February 2017...
December 12, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218822/european-academy-of-neurology-european-stroke-organisation-consensus-statement-and-practical-guidance-for-pre-hospital-management-of-stroke
#14
A Kobayashi, A Czlonkowska, G A Ford, A C Fonseca, G J Luijckx, J Korv, N Pérez de la Ossa, C Price, D Russell, A Tsiskaridze, M Messmer-Wullen, J De Keyser
Reduction of delay between onset and hospital arrival and adequate pre-hospital care of persons with acute stroke are important for improving chances of a favorable outcome. The objective is to recommend evidence-based practices for the management of patients with suspected stroke in the pre-hospital setting. The GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) methodology was used to define the key clinical questions. An expert panel then reviewed the literature, established the quality of the evidence, and made recommendations...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218261/bilateral-occipital-lobe-hemorrhages-presenting-as-denial-of-blindness-in-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-a-rare-combination-of-anton-syndrome-and-encephalopathy
#15
Raja Godasi, Chintan Rupareliya, Pradeep C Bollu
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) or reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy (RPL) is an acute neurological syndrome characterized by the development of radiological abnormalities on brain imaging along with clinical manifestations, such as a headache, seizures, encephalopathy, etc. We report the case of a middle-aged male who presented to the emergency department after he woke up with complete blindness and was found to have hemorrhagic PRES. Intracranial hemorrhages were seen in around 15% of patients who presented with this condition...
October 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217485/developmental-origins-of-adult-health-and-disease-the-metabolic-role-of-bdnf-from-early-life-to-adulthood
#16
REVIEW
Despina D Briana, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner
Accumulating evidence suggests that the origins of adult disease may occur during fetal life. Thus, the concept of "developmental programming" has been introduced and supported by epidemiological and experimental data. This concept supports the idea that the nutritional and hormonal status during pregnancy could interfere in metabolism control. The mechanisms responsible for this "developmental programming" remain poorly documented. Current research indicates that neurotrophins and particularly brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may play a crucial role in this process...
December 4, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213512/transient-gerstmann-syndrome-as-manifestation-of-stroke-case-report-and-brief-literature-review
#17
Rafael Batista João, Raquel Mattos Filgueiras, Marcelo Lucci Mussi, João Eliezer Ferri de Barros
Gerstmann Syndrome (GS) is a rare neurological condition described as a group of cognitive changes corresponding to a tetrad of symptoms comprising agraphia, acalculia, right-left disorientation and finger agnosia. It is known that some specific brain lesions may lead to such findings, particularly when there is impairment of the angular gyrus and adjacent structures. In addition, the possibility of disconnection syndrome should be considered in some cases. The purpose of this article is to report a case of a young, cardiac patient, non-adherent to treatment, who presented with a stroke in which transient clinical symptoms were compatible with the tetrad of GS...
April 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212048/electroclinical-features-of-epilepsy-associated-with-1p36-deletion-syndrome-a-review
#18
REVIEW
M Greco, P Ferrara, G Farello, P Striano, A Verrotti
1p36 terminal deletion is a recently recognized syndrome with multiple congenital anomalies and intellectual disability. It occurs approximately in 1 out of 5000 to 10,000 live births and is the most common subtelomeric microdeletion observed in human. Medical problems commonly caused by terminal deletions of 1p36 include developmental delay, intellectual disability, seizures, vision problems, hearing loss, short stature, brain anomalies, congenital heart defects, cardiomyopathy, renal anomalies and distinctive facial features...
December 2, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211821/elizabethkingia-in-children-a-comprehensive-review-of-symptomatic-cases-reported-from-1944-2017
#19
Eric J Dziuban, Jessica Franks, Marvin So, Georgina Peacock, David D Blaney
Elizabethkingia species often exhibit extensive antibiotic resistance and result in high morbidity and mortality, yet no systematic reviews exist that thoroughly characterize and quantify concerns for infected infants and children. We performed a review of literature and identified an initial 902 articles; 96 articles reporting 283 pediatric cases met our inclusion criteria and were subsequently reviewed. Case reports spanned 28 countries and ranged from 1944 to 2017. Neonatal meningitis remains the most common presentation of this organism in children, along with a range of other clinical manifestations...
December 2, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210454/the-functional-roles-of-retromer-in-parkinson-s-disease
#20
REVIEW
Yi Cui, Zhe Yang, Rohan D Teasdale
The endosomal system is critical for the maintenance of intracellular homeostasis, and defects in this system are often linked to neurological disorders. The retromer complex is a critical coordinator of endosomal dynamics and has functional roles in multiple cellular processes through sorting cargoes from endosomes to the trans-Golgi network (TGN) or to the plasma membrane. Mammalian retromer comprises a core Vps26-Vps35-Vps29 trimer and associates with a range of proteins to generate endosomal tubular-vesicular carriers...
December 6, 2017: FEBS Letters
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