keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gonadotropin in women

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819015/adrenal-cushing-s-syndrome-during-pregnancy
#1
Corina Andreescu, Rehmat Ali Alwani, Johannes Hofland, Leendert Looijenga, Wouter de Herder, Leo Hofland, Richard A Feelders
Cushing syndrome (CS) during pregnancy is a rare condition with only a few cases reported in the literature. Misdiagnosis of CS is common because of overlapping features like fatigue, weight gain, striae and emotional changes that can occur during normal pregnancy. Changes in maternal hormones and their binding proteins complicate assessment of glucocorticoid hormone levels during gestation. CS during pregnancy is most frequently due to an adrenal adenoma and to a lesser degree to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) hypersecretion by a pituitary adenoma...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810565/alteration-of-th17-and-foxp3-regulatory-t-cells-in-patients-with-unexplained-recurrent-spontaneous-abortion-before-and-after-the-therapy-of-hcg-combined-with-immunoglobulin
#2
Jing Sha, Fumin Liu, Jingfang Zhai, Xiaoyun Liu, Qinglin Zhang, Bei Zhang
We conducted this study to investigate the effects of the combination therapy of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) plus immunoglobulin (IG) on the levels of T helper 17 (Th17) cells and Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) in patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA). Twenty pregnant women with URSA underwent combination therapy of hCG plus IG. Flow cytometry was performed to measure the proportions of Th17 and Treg cells before and after treatment. RT-PCR and ELISA were applied to detect the concentrations of interleukin (IL)-17, IL-6, IL-10, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 in the peripheral blood...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808344/hypothalamic-effects-of-progesterone-on-regulation-of-the-pulsatile-and-surge-release-of-luteinising-hormone-in-female-rats
#3
Wen He, Xiaofeng Li, Daniel Adekunbi, Yali Liu, Hui Long, Li Wang, Qifeng Lyu, Yanping Kuang, Kevin T O'Byrne
Progesterone can block the oestradiol-induced GnRH/LH surge and inhibit LH pulse frequency. Recent studies reported that progesterone prevented premature LH surges during ovarian hyperstimulation in women. As the most potent stimulator of GnRH/LH release, kisspeptin is believed to mediate the positive and negative feedback effects of oestradiol in the hypothalamic anteroventral periventricular (AVPV) and arcuate (ARC) nuclei, while the region-specific role of progesterone receptors in these nuclei remains unknown...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800576/heterotopic-pregnancy-including-intrauterine-normal-gestation-and-tubal-complete-hydatidiform-mole-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Dan Lu, Jian Jenny Tang, Konstantin Zakashansky, Ross S Berkowitz, Tamara Kalir, Yuxin Liu
We report a rare case of heterotopic pregnancy with intrauterine normal gestation alongside tubal complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) that resulted in a viable pregnancy after removal of molar tissue. Because of their rarity and inherent complexity, such cases represent a significant challenge in diagnosis and management. A 34-year-old female in her 10th week of gestation presented with nausea, vomiting, and intermittent abdominal pain that progressively worsened. Imaging studies revealed a normal intrauterine fetus and an 11-cm heterogenous mass in the left adnexal region...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796038/clomiphene-citrate-is-associated-with-favorable-cycle-characteristics-but-impaired-outcomes-of-obese-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-undergoing-ovarian-stimulation-for-in-vitro-fertilization
#5
Shutian Jiang, Yanping Kuang
The aim of this study was to explore the effect of clomiphene citrate (CC) on the cycle characteristics and outcomes of obese women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) undergoing ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization (IVF).This is a retrospective cohort study, and it was conducted at the tertiary-care academic medical center.This study included 174 obese PCOS patients undergoing IVF.In the study group (n = 90), CC and human menopausal gonadotropin (HMG) were administered simultaneously beginning on cycle day 3, while in control group (n = 84) HMG was used only...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791818/combined-screening-for-early-and-late-pre-eclampsia-and-intrauterine-growth-restriction-by-maternal-history-uterine-artery-doppler-mean-arterial-pressure-and-biochemical-markers
#6
Ewelina Litwińska, Magdalena Litwińska, Przemysław Oszukowski, Krzysztof Szaflik, Piotr Kaczmarek
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is a systemic disease connected with high maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Despite significant progress achieved in perinatal medicine, pre-eclampsia is still one of the most significant current problems in obstetrics. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to establish diagnostic algorithms for early and late pre-eclampsia (PE) and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 320 pregnant women between 11 + 0 and 13 + 6 weeks of gestation were recruited for a case-control study...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791050/effect-of-increased-endometrial-thickness-and-implantation-rate-by-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-on-unresponsive-thin-endometrium-in-fresh-in-vitro-fertilization-cycles-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Fatemeh Sarvi, Marjan Arabahmadi, Ashraf Alleyassin, Marzieh Aghahosseini, Marzieh Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: The correlation between endometrial thickness and receptivity has been mentioned in various studies. This study investigated the effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor in treating thin endometrium of infertile women who were chosen for in vitro fertilization in our infertility clinic in 2014 and 2015. METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, 28 women who were chosen for in vitro fertilization and had endometrial thickness of less than 6 mm on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) injection were included in the study...
2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771718/effect-of-follicular-diameter-at-the-time-of-ovulation-triggering-on-pregnancy-outcomes-during-intrauterine-insemination
#8
Mohammad A Maher, Ahmed Abdelaziz, Yasser A Shehata
OBJECTIVE: To compare pregnancy outcomes when triggering ovulation at different follicle sizes during intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles. METHODS: A prospective observational study was undertaken at two collaborative fertility centers in Saudi Arabia between January 2014 and May 2016. Women of any age were enrolled if they met inclusion criteria: primary, secondary, or unexplained infertility (≥1 year); day-2 follicle-stimulating hormone less than 12 IU/mL; normal prolactin, thyroid function, and uterine cavity; at least one patent tube; and a male partner with normal semen count and motility...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771606/normative-weight-adjusted-models-for-the-median-levels-of-first-trimester-serum-biomarkers-for-trisomy-21-screening-in-a-specific-ethnicity
#9
Ounjai Kor-Anantakul, Thitima Suntharasaj, Chitkasaem Suwanrath, Tharangrut Hanprasertpong, Savitree Pranpanus, Ninlapa Pruksanusak, Suthiraporn Janwadee, Alan Geater
OBJECTIVE: To establish normative weight-adjusted models for the median levels of first trimester serum biomarkers for trisomy 21 screening in southern Thai women, and to compare these reference levels with Caucasian-specific and northern Thai models. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 1,150 normal singleton pregnancy women to determine serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and free β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) concentrations in women from southern Thailand...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764583/expression-and-significance-of-aquaporin-2-and-serum-hormones-in-placenta-of-patients-with-preeclampsia
#10
Yurong Zhao, Li Lin, Ailuan Lai
To evaluate the relationship between serum hormone or aquaporin-2 (AQP-2) and preeclampsia, patients with severe preeclampsia (A group), mild preeclampsia (B group), chronic hypertension (C group) and normal pregnant women (D group) were recruited and analysed. The AQP-2 level in placenta tissues was detected and the correlations of AQP-2 with serum hormone levels were analysed using linear correlation regression analysis. The differences of alpha foetal protein (AFP) and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) levels during mid-pregnancy, as well as the levels of AFP, HCG, unconjugated oestriol and progesterone during late pregnancy were significant among A, B, C and D groups (p < ...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760794/comparison-of-a-freeze-all-strategy-including-gnrh-agonist-trigger-versus-a-fresh-transfer-strategy-including-hcg-trigger-in-assisted-reproductive-technology-art-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Sacha Stormlund, Kristine Løssl, Anne Zedeler, Jeanette Bogstad, Lisbeth Prætorius, Henriette Svarre Nielsen, Mona Bungum, Sven O Skouby, Anne Lis Mikkelsen, Anders Nyboe Andersen, Christina Bergh, Peter Humaidan, Anja Pinborg
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy rates after frozen embryo transfer (FET) have improved in recent years and are now approaching or even exceeding those obtained after fresh embryo transfer. This is partly due to improved laboratory techniques, but may also be caused by a more physiological hormonal and endometrial environment in FET cycles. Furthermore, the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is practically eliminated in segmentation cycles followed by FET and the use of natural cycles in FETs may be beneficial for the postimplantational conditions of fetal development...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754175/case-report-term-birth-after-fertility-sparing-treatments-for-stage-ib1-small-cell-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-of-the-cervix
#12
Pei-Ying Wu, Ya-Min Cheng, Geok Huey New, Cheng-Yang Chou, Chun-Ting Chiang, Hung-Wen Tsai, Yu-Fang Huang
BACKGROUND: Advances in cervical cancer management for childbearing women have led to less radical approaches. Use of fertility-sparing treatment to treat small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNEC) is challenging owing to the aggressive nature of the disease, even in early stage disease. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old nulligravida woman presented with malodorous vaginal discharge and was diagnosed to have an exophytic cervical SCNEC. A magnetic resonance image scan showed no evidence of parametrial invasion or distant metastasis...
July 28, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750299/prolonged-activation-of-the-coagulation-system-during-in-vitro-fertilization-cycles
#13
Yoni Cohen, Togas Tulandi, Benny Almog, Eyal Zohav, Varda Deutsch, Ariel Many, Ami Amit, Aviad Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate coagulation system changes during an in-vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle using Thromboelastogram (TEG) that enables analysis of the elastic properties of whole blood samples and provides a global assessment of the hemostatic function. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study. TEG indices were evaluated in 23 women who underwent controlled ovarian stimulation for IVF at four points in time: 1. At the beginning of the cycle (corresponding to the lowest levels of E2), 2...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744698/association-of-basal-serum-androgen-levels-with-ovarian-response-and-icsi-cycle-outcome
#14
C Abide Yayla, E Ozkaya, S Kayatas Eser, I Sanverdi, B Devranoglu, T Kutlu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the predictive value of basal serum testosterone (T) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) levels during follicular phase for ovarian response and outcome in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles of women with diminished ovarian reserve. METHODS: We prospectively gathered data of basal serum androgen levels and ICSI cycle characteristics of 120 women with diminished ovarian reserve. Association of basal serum T and DHEAS levels with ovarian response was analyzed...
July 25, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742263/progesterone-receptor-modulators-for-endometriosis
#15
REVIEW
Jing Fu, Hao Song, Min Zhou, Huili Zhu, Yuhe Wang, Hengxi Chen, Wei Huang
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue (glands and stroma) outside the uterine cavity. This condition is oestrogen-dependent and thus is seen primarily during the reproductive years. Owing to their antiproliferative effects in the endometrium, progesterone receptor modulators (PRMs) have been advocated for treatment of endometriosis. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of PRMs primarily in terms of pain relief as compared with other treatments or placebo or no treatment in women of reproductive age with endometriosis...
July 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733292/natural-history-of-autoimmune-primary-ovarian-insufficiency-in-patients-with-addison-s-disease-from-normal-ovary-function-to-overt-ovary-dysfunction
#16
Annamaria De Bellis, Giuseppe Bellastella, Alberto Falorni, Ernesto Aitella, Mariluce Barrasso, Maria Ida Maiorino, Elio Bizzarro, Antonio Bellastella, Dario Giugliano, Katherine Esposito
CONTEXT: Women with autoimmune Addison's disease with normally ovulatory cycles but positive for steroid cells antibodies (StCA) have been considered at risk of premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). DESIGN: Thirty-three women younger than 40 years, with subclinical-clinical Addison's disease but with normally ovulatory menses, were followed-up for 10 years to evaluate the long-term time-related variations of StCA, ovarian function and follicular reserve. All patients and 27 control women were investigated at start and every year for the presence and titer of StCA (by indirect immunofluorescence), serum concentrations of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) and ovarian function along four consecutive menses every year...
July 21, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732252/update-on-medical-treatment-of-uterine-fibroids
#17
REVIEW
Fátima Faustino, Margarida Martinho, José Reis, Fernanda Águas
OBJECTIVES: In this review paper, the pros and cons of the available pharmacological options for the treatment of uterine fibroids are explored, including oral progestogens, levonorgestrel intra-uterine device, gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs and progesterone receptor modulators with an emphasis on ulipristal acetate. STUDY DESIGN: The choice of the appropriate therapeutic approach for uterine fibroids depends on several factors, including women's age, parity, childbearing aspirations and wish to preserve fertility, extent and severity of symptoms, size, number and location of myomas, risk of malignancy and proximity to menopause...
July 8, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717722/gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia-treatment-at-the-butaro-cancer-center-of-excellence-in-rwanda
#18
Ignace Nzayisenga, Roanne Segal, Natalie Pritchett, Mary J Xu, Paul H Park, Edgie V Mpanumusingo, Denis G Umuhizi, Donald P Goldstein, Ross S Berkowitz, Vedaste Hategekimana, Clemence Muhayimana, Fidel Rubagumya, Temidayo Fadelu, Neo Tapela, Tharcisse Mpunga, Rahel G Ghebre
PURPOSE: Gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) is a highly treatable disease, most often affecting young women of childbearing age. This study reviewed patients managed for GTN at the Butaro Cancer Center of Excellence (BCCOE) in Rwanda to determine initial program outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was performed for 35 patients with GTN assessed or treated between May 1, 2012, and November 30, 2014. Stage, risk score, and low or high GTN risk category were based on International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics staging and the WHO scoring system and determined by beta human chorionic gonadotropin level, chest x-ray, and ultrasound per protocol guidelines for resource-limited settings...
December 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715966/protective-effects-of-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-against-breast-cancer-how-can-we-use-this-information-to-prevent-treat-the-disease
#19
C V Rao
Breast cancers (BCs) are the most common malignancies among women worldwide. Giving birth to a first child before 24 years of age decreases the BC risk by about half, when women reach menopausal years. The scientific evidence suggests that the actions of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) are responsible for this decrease. Human BC cells and tissues contain hCG/luteinizing hormone receptors. The activation of the receptors results in an increase in cell differentiation and apoptosis. Conversely, it decreases the cell proliferation, invasion, and survival...
August 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715087/association-between-endometrial-subendometrial-vasculature-and-embryo-transfer-outcome-a-meta-analysis-and-subgroup-analysis
#20
Jianing Wang, Fei Xia, Ying Zhou, Xuedong Wei, Yanyan Zhuang, Yingxue Huang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between endometrial/subendometrial vasculature and in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) and frozen embryo transfer (FET) outcomes. METHODS: A meta-analysis of studies using endometrial/subendometrial 3-dimensional ultrasound and power Doppler angiography was performed to examine the vascularization index (VI), flow index (FI), and vascularization-flow index (VFI) in pregnant and nonpregnant women. Ten articles were analyzed, including 895 pregnant women and 882 nonpregnant women...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
keyword
keyword
93966
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"