keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ift20

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690537/spag17-is-required-for-male-germ-cell-differentiation-and-fertility
#1
Elizabeth Kazarian, HyunYoung Son, Paulene Sapao, Wei Li, Zhibing Zhang, Jerome F Strauss, Maria E Teves
Spag17 encodes a protein present in the axoneme central pair complex of motile cilia and flagella. A mutation in this gene has been reported to be associated with infertility caused by defects in sperm motility. Here, we report that Spag17 knockout mice are infertile because of a severe defect in spermatogenesis. The histological evaluation of testis sections from mutant mice revealed seminiferous tubules with spermatogenesis arrested at the spermatid stage and cell debris in the cauda epididymis. The few sperm collected from the cauda epididymis were immotile and displayed abnormal tail and head morphology...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477141/increased-primary-cilia-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#2
Junguee Lee, Dong Hyun Oh, Ki Cheol Park, Ji Eun Choi, Jong Beom Kwon, Jongho Lee, Kuhn Park, Hae Joung Sul
Primary cilia are solitary, non-motile, axonemal microtubule-based antenna-like organelles that project from the plasma membrane of most mammalian cells and are implicated in transducing hedgehog signals during development. It was recently proposed that aberrant SHH signaling may be implicated in the progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, the distribution and role of primary cilia in IPF remains unclear. Here, we clearly observed the primary cilia in alveolar epithelial cells, fibroblasts, and endothelial cells of human normal lung tissue...
March 31, 2018: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472535/egf-receptor-kinase-suppresses-ciliogenesis-through-activation-of-usp8-deubiquitinase
#3
Kousuke Kasahara, Hiromasa Aoki, Tohru Kiyono, Shujie Wang, Harumi Kagiwada, Mizuki Yuge, Toshio Tanaka, Yuhei Nishimura, Akira Mizoguchi, Naoki Goshima, Masaki Inagaki
Ciliogenesis is generally inhibited in dividing cells, however, it has been unclear which signaling cascades regulate the phenomenon. Here, we report that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase suppresses ciliogenesis by directly phosphorylating the deubiquitinase USP8 on Tyr-717 and Tyr-810 in RPE1 cells. These phosphorylations elevate the deubiquitinase activity, which then stabilizes the trichoplein-Aurora A pathway, an inhibitory mechanism of ciliogenesis. EGFR knockdown and serum starvation result in ciliogenesis through downregulation of the USP8-trichoplein-Aurora A signal...
February 22, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360984/regulation-of-ciliary-function-by-fibroblast-growth-factor-signaling-identifies-fgfr3-related-disorders-achondroplasia-and-thanatophoric-dysplasia-as-ciliopathies
#4
Michaela Kunova Bosakova, Miroslav Varecha, Marek Hampl, Ivan Duran, Alexandru Nita, Marcela Buchtova, Hana Dosedelova, Radek Machat, Yangli Xie, Zhenhong Ni, Jorge H Martin, Lin Chen, Gert Jansen, Deborah Krakow, Pavel Krejci
Cilia project from almost every cell integrating extracellular cues with signaling pathways. Constitutive activation of FGFR3 signaling produces the skeletal disorders achondroplasia (ACH) and thanatophoric dysplasia (TD), but many of the molecular mechanisms underlying these phenotypes remain unresolved. Here, we report in vivo evidence for significantly shortened primary cilia in ACH and TD cartilage growth plates. Using in vivo and in vitro methodologies, our data demonstrate that transient versus sustained activation of FGF signaling correlated with different cilia consequences...
March 15, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337054/deficiency-of-primary-cilia-in-kidney-epithelial-cells-induces-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#5
Sang Jun Han, Jin Ki Jung, Seung-Soon Im, Seong-Ryong Lee, Byeong-Churl Jang, Kwon Moo Park, Jee In Kim
Primary cilium is a microtubule-based non-motile organelle that plays critical roles in kidney pathophysiology. Our previous studies revealed that the lengths of primary cilia decreased upon renal ischemia/reperfusion injury and oxidative stress, and restored with recovery. Here, we tested the hypothesis that lack of primary cilium causes epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) of kidney tubule cells. We investigated the alteration of length of primary cilia in TGF-β-induced EMT via visualization of primary cilia by fluorescence staining against acetylated α-tubulin...
February 5, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237719/ift20-modulates-ciliary-pdgfr%C3%AE-signaling-by-regulating-the-stability-of-cbl-e3-ubiquitin-ligases
#6
Fabian Marc Schmid, Kenneth Bødtker Schou, Martin Juel Vilhelm, Maria Schrøder Holm, Loretta Breslin, Pietro Farinelli, Lars Allan Larsen, Jens Skorstengaard Andersen, Lotte Bang Pedersen, Søren Tvorup Christensen
Primary cilia have pivotal roles as organizers of many different signaling pathways, including platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRα) signaling, which, when aberrantly regulated, is associated with developmental disorders, tumorigenesis, and cancer. PDGFRα is up-regulated during ciliogenesis, and ciliary localization of the receptor is required for its appropriate ligand-mediated activation by PDGF-AA. However, the mechanisms regulating sorting of PDGFRα and feedback inhibition of PDGFRα signaling at the cilium are unknown...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150645/axonemal-lumen-dominates-cytosolic-protein-diffusion-inside-the-primary-cilium
#7
Wangxi Luo, Andrew Ruba, Daisuke Takao, Ludovit P Zweifel, Roderick Y H Lim, Kristen J Verhey, Weidong Yang
Transport of membrane and cytosolic proteins in primary cilia is thought to depend on intraflagellar transport (IFT) and diffusion. However, the relative contribution and spatial routes of each transport mechanism are largely unknown. Although challenging to decipher, the details of these routes are essential for our understanding of protein transport in primary cilia, a critically affected process in many genetic diseases. By using a high-speed virtual 3D super-resolution microscopy, we have mapped the 3D spatial locations of transport routes for various cytosolic proteins in the 250-nm-wide shaft of live primary cilia with a spatiotemporal resolution of 2 ms and <16 nm...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042452/export-of-membrane-proteins-from-the-golgi-complex-to-the-primary-cilium-requires-the-kinesin-motor-kifc1
#8
Si-Hyung Lee, Kwangsic Joo, Eun Ji Jung, Hyowon Hong, Jimyung Seo, Joon Kim
Microtubule-based motors contribute to the efficiency and selectivity of Golgi exit and post-Golgi transport of membrane proteins that are targeted to distinct compartments. Cytoplasmic dynein moves post-Golgi vesicles that carry rhodopsin toward the base of the connecting cilium in photoreceptor cells; however, the identity of the motors that are involved in the vesicular trafficking of ciliary membrane proteins in nonphotoreceptor cells remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that the minus end-directed kinesin KIFC1 (kinesin family member C1) is required for both ciliary membrane protein transport and serum starvation-induced ciliogenesis in retinal pigmented epithelial 1 cells...
February 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040558/constitutively-active-fgfr3-disrupts-primary-cilium-length-and-ift20-trafficking-in-various-chondrocyte-models-of-achondroplasia
#9
Ludovic Martin, Nabil Kaci, Valentin Estibals, Nicolas Goudin, Meriem Garfa-Traore, Catherine Benoist-Lasselin, Emilie Dambroise, Laurence Legeai-Mallet
Fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) gain-of-function mutations cause dwarfisms, including achondroplasia (ACH) and thanatophoric dysplasia (TD). The constitutive activation of FGFR3 disrupts the normal process of skeletal growth. Bone-growth anomalies have been identified in skeletal ciliopathies, in which primary cilia (PC) function is disrupted. In human ACH and TD, the impact of FGFR3 mutations on PC in growth plate cartilage remains unknown. Here we showed that in chondrocytes from human (ACH, TD) and mouse Fgfr3Y367C/+ cartilage, the constitutively active FGFR3 perturbed PC length and the sorting and trafficking of intraflagellar transport (IFT) 20 to the PC...
January 1, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964737/intraflagellar-transporter-protein-ift27-an-ift25-binding-partner-is-essential-for-male-fertility-and-spermiogenesis-in-mice
#10
Yong Zhang, Hong Liu, Wei Li, Zhengang Zhang, Xuejun Shang, David Zhang, Yuhong Li, Shiyang Zhang, Junpin Liu, Rex A Hess, Gregory J Pazour, Zhibing Zhang
Intraflagellar transport (IFT) is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism essential for the assembly and maintenance of most eukaryotic cilia and flagella. In mice, mutations in IFT proteins have been shown to cause several ciliopathies including retinal degeneration, polycystic kidney disease, and hearing loss. However, little is known about its role in the formation of the sperm tail, which has the longest flagella of mammalian cells. IFT27 is a component of IFT-B complex and binds to IFT25 directly. In mice, IFT27 is highly expressed in the testis...
December 1, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619825/spef2-functions-in-microtubule-mediated-transport-in-elongating-spermatids-to-ensure-proper-male-germ-cell-differentiation
#11
Mari S Lehti, Fu-Ping Zhang, Noora Kotaja, Anu Sironen
Sperm differentiation requires specific protein transport for correct sperm tail formation and head shaping. A transient microtubular structure, the manchette, appears around the differentiating spermatid head and serves as a platform for protein transport to the growing tail. Sperm flagellar 2 (SPEF2) is known to be essential for sperm tail development. In this study we investigated the function of SPEF2 during spermatogenesis using a male germ cell-specific Spef2 knockout mouse model. In addition to defects in sperm tail development, we observed a duplication of the basal body and failure in manchette migration resulting in an abnormal head shape...
July 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576874/bloc-1-is-required-for-selective-membrane-protein-trafficking-from-endosomes-to-primary-cilia
#12
William J Monis, Victor Faundez, Gregory J Pazour
Primary cilia perceive the extracellular environment through receptors localized in the ciliary membrane, but mechanisms directing specific proteins to this domain are poorly understood. To address this question, we knocked down proteins potentially important for ciliary membrane targeting and determined how this affects the ciliary trafficking of fibrocystin, polycystin-2, and smoothened. Our analysis showed that fibrocystin and polycystin-2 are dependent on IFT20, GMAP210, and the exocyst complex, while smoothened delivery is largely independent of these components...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430876/ift25-an-intraflagellar-transporter-protein-dispensable-for-ciliogenesis-in-somatic-cells-is-essential-for-sperm-flagella-formation
#13
Hong Liu, Wei Li, Yong Zhang, Zhengang Zhang, Xuejun Shang, Ling Zhang, Shiyang Zhang, Yanwei Li, Andres V Somoza, Brandon Delpi, George L Gerton, James A Foster, Rex A Hess, Gregory J Pazour, Zhibing Zhang
Intraflagellar transport (IFT) is a conserved mechanism essential for the assembly and maintenance of most eukaryotic cilia and flagella. However, IFT25, a component of the IFT complex, is not required for the formation of cilia in somatic tissues. In mice, the gene is highly expressed in the testis, and its expression is upregulated during the final phase when sperm flagella are formed. To investigate the role of IFT25 in sperm flagella formation, the gene was specifically disrupted in male germ cells. All homozygous knockout mice survived to adulthood and did not show any gross abnormalities...
May 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417161/ift54-regulates-ift20-stability-but-is-not-essential-for-tubulin-transport-during-ciliogenesis
#14
Xin Zhu, Yinwen Liang, Feng Gao, Junmin Pan
Intraflagellar transport (IFT) is required for ciliogenesis by ferrying ciliary components using IFT complexes as cargo adaptors. IFT54 is a component of the IFT-B complex and is also associated with cytoplasmic microtubules (MTs). Loss of IFT54 impairs cilia assembly as well as cytoplasmic MT dynamics. The N-terminal calponin homology (CH) domain of IFT54 interacts with tubulins/MTs and has been proposed to transport tubulin during ciliogenesis, whereas the C-terminal coiled-coil (CC) domain binds IFT20. However, the precise function of these domains in vivo is not well understood...
September 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352462/fixation-methods-can-differentially-affect-ciliary-protein-immunolabeling
#15
Kiet Hua, Russell J Ferland
BACKGROUND: Primary cilia are immotile, microtubule-based organelles present on most cells. Defects in primary cilia presence/function result in a category of developmental diseases referred to as ciliopathies. As the cilia field progresses, there is a need to consider both the ciliary and extraciliary roles of cilia proteins. However, traditional fixation methods are not always suitable for examining the full range of localizations of cilia proteins. Here, we tested a variety of fixation methods with commonly used cilia markers to determine the most appropriate fixation method for different cilia proteins...
2017: Cilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179459/practical-method-for-targeted-disruption-of-cilia-related-genes-by-using-crispr-cas9-mediated-homology-independent-knock-in-system
#16
Yohei Katoh, Saki Michisaka, Shohei Nozaki, Teruki Funabashi, Tomoaki Hirano, Ryota Takei, Kazuhisa Nakayama
The CRISPR/Cas9 system has revolutionized genome editing in virtually all organisms. Although the CRISPR/Cas9 system enables the targeted cleavage of genomic DNA, its use for gene knock-in remains challenging because levels of homologous recombination activity vary among various cells. In contrast, the efficiency of homology-independent DNA repair is relatively high in most cell types. Therefore the use of a homology-independent repair mechanism is a possible alternative for efficient genome editing. Here we constructed a donor knock-in vector optimized for the CRISPR/Cas9 system and developed a practical system that enables efficient disruption of target genes by exploiting homology-independent repair...
April 1, 2017: Molecular Biology of the Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154159/the-t-cell-ift20-interactome-reveals-new-players-in-immune-synapse-assembly
#17
Donatella Galgano, Anna Onnis, Elisa Pappalardo, Federico Galvagni, Oreste Acuto, Cosima T Baldari
Sustained signalling at the immune synapse (IS) requires the synaptic delivery of recycling endosome-associated T cell antigen receptors (TCRs). IFT20, a component of the intraflagellar transport system, controls TCR recycling to the IS as a complex with IFT57 and IFT88. Here, we used quantitative mass spectrometry to identify additional interaction partners of IFT20 in Jurkat T cells. In addition to IFT57 and IFT88, the analysis revealed new binding partners, including IFT54 (also known as TRAF3IP1), GMAP-210 (also known as TRIP11), Arp2/3 complex subunit-3 (ARPC3), COP9 signalosome subunit-1 (CSN1, also known as GPS1) and ERGIC-53 (also known as LMAN1)...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127051/ror2-signaling-regulates-golgi-structure-and-transport-through-ift20-for-tumor-invasiveness
#18
Michiru Nishita, Seung-Yeol Park, Tadashi Nishio, Koki Kamizaki, ZhiChao Wang, Kota Tamada, Toru Takumi, Ryuju Hashimoto, Hiroki Otani, Gregory J Pazour, Victor W Hsu, Yasuhiro Minami
Signaling through the Ror2 receptor tyrosine kinase promotes invadopodia formation for tumor invasion. Here, we identify intraflagellar transport 20 (IFT20) as a new target of this signaling in tumors that lack primary cilia, and find that IFT20 mediates the ability of Ror2 signaling to induce the invasiveness of these tumors. We also find that IFT20 regulates the nucleation of Golgi-derived microtubules by affecting the GM130-AKAP450 complex, which promotes Golgi ribbon formation in achieving polarized secretion for cell migration and invasion...
January 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882921/a-mutation-in-vps15-pik3r4-causes-a-ciliopathy-and-affects-ift20-release-from-the-cis-golgi
#19
Corinne Stoetzel, Séverine Bär, Johan-Owen De Craene, Sophie Scheidecker, Christelle Etard, Johana Chicher, Jennifer R Reck, Isabelle Perrault, Véronique Geoffroy, Kirsley Chennen, Uwe Strähle, Philippe Hammann, Sylvie Friant, Hélène Dollfus
Ciliopathies are a group of diseases that affect kidney and retina among other organs. Here, we identify a missense mutation in PIK3R4 (phosphoinositide 3-kinase regulatory subunit 4, named VPS15) in a family with a ciliopathy phenotype. Besides being required for trafficking and autophagy, we show that VPS15 regulates primary cilium length in human fibroblasts, as well as ciliary processes in zebrafish. Furthermore, we demonstrate its interaction with the golgin GM130 and its localization to the Golgi. The VPS15-R998Q patient mutation impairs Golgi trafficking functions in humanized yeast cells...
November 24, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682589/intraflagellar-transport-protein-ift20-is-essential-for-male-fertility-and-spermiogenesis-in-mice
#20
Zhengang Zhang, Wei Li, Yong Zhang, Ling Zhang, Maria E Teves, Hong Liu, Jerome F Strauss, Gregory J Pazour, James A Foster, Rex A Hess, Zhibing Zhang
Intraflagellar transport (IFT) is a conserved mechanism thought to be essential for the assembly and maintenance of cilia and flagella. However, little is known about its role in mammalian sperm flagella formation. To fill this gap, we disrupted the Ift20 gene in male germ cells. Homozygous mutant mice were infertile with significantly reduced sperm counts and motility. In addition, abnormally shaped elongating spermatid heads and bulbous round spermatids were found in the lumen of the seminiferous tubules...
September 28, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
keyword
keyword
93958
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"