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Pyloric stenosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411105/laparoscopic-pyloromyotomy-for-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-a-survey-of-407-children
#1
Aurélien Binet, C Klipfel, P Meignan, F Bastard, A R Cook, K Braïk, A Le Touze, T Villemagne, M Robert, Q Ballouhey, F Lengelle, S Amar, H Lardy
INTRODUCTION: Pyloromyotomy is the standard care for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. The traditional approach for this procedure is a right upper quadrant transverse incision, although other "open" approaches, such as circumumbilical or periumbilical incision have been described. The more recent approach used is laparoscopic pyloromyotomy (LP), but experience feedback is still debated and its benefits remain unproven. The aim of this study was to make a review of all our LP procedures with an objective evaluation according to the literature...
February 6, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394732/-a-case-of-unresectable-advanced-gastric-cancer-treated-with-palliative-radiation-therapy-for-massive-bleeding
#2
Ryohei Kawabata, Chizu Kameda, Akihiro Takata, Akinobu Yasuyama, Tae Matsumura, Chikato Koga, Masahiro Murakami, Masaki Hirota, Shingo Noura, Junzo Shimizu, Masashi Chatani, Yuki Imai, Junichi Hasegawa
The patient was a 77-year-old man. He was diagnosed with Stage IV gastric cancer with pancreatic invasion and pyloric stenosis. After gastrojejunostomy, S-1 monotherapy was started. Melena and fatigue appeared 2 months after chemotherapy, and Grade 3 anemia was confirmed. Palliative radiotherapy of 30 Gy in 10 Fr was administered to control bleeding from the lesion. The progression of anemia stopped and outpatient chemotherapy became possible. Palliative radiotherapy for persistent bleeding from unresectable advanced gastric cancer is considered an effective treatment option to control bleeding...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394691/-a-case-of-locally-advanced-gastric-cancer-r0-resection-was-performed-by-pancreaticoduodenectomy-with-portal-vein-resection-following-neoadjuvant-therapy
#3
Sayaka Amano, Susumu Shibasaki, Shinpei Furuta, Shinichi Kadoya, Kenji Kikuchi, Yoshinori Ishida, Kazuki Inaba, Ichiro Uyama
A 76-year-old woman, complained of weight loss, was admitted in our hospital. After investigation, she was diagnosed with clinical Stage III B gastric cancer with invasion into the pancreas and transverse colon. After performing the staging laparoscopy and gastrojejunostomy for pyloric stenosis, she was treated with 2 courses of SOX therapy as neoadjuvant therapy, and subsequently underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy and right hemicolectomy combined with portal vein resection due to severe adhesion by the tumor...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348282/acquired-pyloric-stenosis-resulting-in-hypokalaemic-hyperchloraemic-normal-anion-gap-metabolic-acidosis-persistent-vomiting-in-an-adult-cause-and-effect
#4
Philip Kaye
A 24-year-old woman presented with a history of persistent vomiting for at least 3 months. This resulted in severe dehydration with risk of acute kidney injury. In addition to volume depletion, loss of gastric fluid resulted in a specific metabolic derangement-hypokalaemic, hypochloraemic normal anion gap metabolic alkalosis with a reduced ionised calcium concentration and paradoxical aciduria. These metabolic changes were reflected in her ECG. Investigation demonstrated acquired gastric outflow tract obstruction secondary to a pyloric peptic ulcer...
January 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340829/trends-and-surgical-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-pyloromyotomy
#5
William C Kethman, Alex H S Harris, Mary T Hawn, James K Wall
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is one of the most common pediatric illnesses necessitating surgical intervention. Controversy remains over the optimal surgical approach between laparoscopic pyloromyotomy (LP) and open pyloromyotomy (OP). LP has gained acceptance for management of HPS in an era of expanding minimal access surgical approaches to pediatric conditions. Several studies suggest advantages of LP over OP; however, selection bias and small sample sizes remain a concern...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338765/infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-a-4-year-experience-from-two-tertiary-care-centres-in-cameroon
#6
Rene Ndongo, Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Faustin Félicien Mouafo Tambo, Matin Hongieh Abanda, Marcelin Ngowe Ngowe, Olivier Fola, Bonaventure Dzekem, Patrick Eroyl Weledji, Maurice Aurelien Sosso, Jacqueline Ze Minkande
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of patients with infantile hypertrophic stenosis, management and its outcome in two tertiary care centres in Cameroon. RESULTS: A total of 21 patients were included from the two centres. The mean age at presentation was 5.2 ± 1.2 weeks, predominantly male with a male-to-female ratio of 4.25:1. The triad of vomiting, visible peristalsis and palpable mass was present in only 7 (33.3%) of the participants...
January 16, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312838/pyloric-gland-metaplasia-of-the-ileocecal-valve-clinicopathologic-correlates-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Daryl Ramai, Kinesh Changela, Madhavi Reddy
Pyloric gland metaplasia of the ileocecal valve, in the setting of Crohn's disease, is an unusual clinical entity. Though its etiology and pathogenesis remains unclear, metaplastic changes have been associated with chronic inflammation and inflammatory bowel disease. Herein, we report a case of a 23-year-old male who presented for surveillance colonoscopy after being diagnosed with Crohn's disease four years ago. Diagnostic colonoscopy revealed stenosis of the ileocecal valve as well as a 5 mm polypoid circumferential non-obstructing lesion...
November 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260144/pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-a-rare-cause-of-intraabdominal-free-air
#8
Hüseyin Pülat, Girayhan Çelik, Mehmet Zafer Sabuncuoğlu, Mehmet Fatih Benzin, Oktay Karaköse, Recep Çetin
Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is a rarely seen disease characterized by cysts filled with multiple gases in the wall of the small or large intestine. Many factors have been suggested in the etiology and pathogenesis, including peptic ulcer, pyloric stenosis, and endoscopic trauma. Because various clinical characteristics and symptoms are observed together, diagnosis is generally difficult. It may be a cause of free air observed on direct radiographs. Treatment is directed at the cause and although there is generally a good course, it can sometimes lead to severe complications...
2017: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236645/caterpillar-sign-in-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis
#9
Bruno Martinez-Leo, Luis M Garcia-Cabello
A 23-day-old male infant was brought to the emergency department because of nonbilious vomiting that had increased in frequency over a period of 5 days. Findings from the clinical examination were notable for mild dehydration and a possible olive-sized mass, approximately 2 cm in diameter, that was..
December 14, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236590/a-novel-nonelectrosurgical-technique-for-incising-the-pylorus-in-laparoscopic-pyloromyotomy
#10
Ziad A Bataineh, Nathan M Novotny
OBJECTIVE: Since the loss of the protected arthrotomy knife several years ago, pediatric surgeons have struggled to find a safe, reliable, and inexpensive way to incise the pyloric serosa before spreading the muscle. The most widely accepted method of cutting the serosa is with electrocautery, although some still question its safety. We introduce a novel technique of incising the serosa with a percutaneously inserted needle without the use of electrocautery. DESCRIPTION: In this case series, we describe the experience of a single surgeon with a novel technique of incising the serosa...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167219/ingestion-of-nine-metallic-nails-with-corrosive-what-happened-next
#11
Manu Vats, Sadhasivam Ramasamy, Sushanto Neogi, Sanjeev Kumar Tudu
A 20-year-old woman was brought to the surgery emergency department with the complaint of epigastric pain since 1 day following ingestion of multiple metallic nails with a cup full of toilet cleaner (corrosive acid) with a suicidal intention. Physical examination was essentially unremarkable, and the abdomen showed no signs of perforation peritonitis. X-rays of the abdomen showed multiple 'nail'-like radiopaque shadows in the abdominal cavity with no evidence of free gas under the domes of the diaphragm. A non-operative expectant management was pursued...
November 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157882/current-perioperative-care-of-infants-with-pyloric-stenosis-comparison-of-survey-results
#12
Richard S Cartabuke, Joseph D Tobias, Julie Rice, Dmitry Tumin
BACKGROUND: Considerable variation in the perioperative management of infants with pyloric stenosis (PS) led the authors to undertake a survey of pediatric anesthesiologists to determine if consensus-based guidelines could be developed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Physicians who are members of the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia or the Association of Pediatric Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland completed an online questionnaire through SurveyMonkey regarding current management of patients with PS...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148193/the-treatment-of-pyloric-stenosis-evolution-in-practice
#13
REVIEW
Kiarash Taghavi, Emma Powell, Bhaveshkumar Patel, Craig A McBride
Over the last hundred years, idiopathic hypertrophic pyloric stenosis has undergone an evolution in treatment, with subsequent improvements in outcome. Initially, it was treated by physicians with antispasmodics and various alternative feeding and resuscitation modalities. The evolution of surgical approaches led to a revolution in outcome, from almost certain death to complete cure. The progression of surgical and medical treatments is reviewed in this article until, ultimately, Ramstedt's pyloromyotomy is reached...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124120/potential-of-colonoscopy-as-a-treatment-for-intussusception-in-children
#14
Edmar Tafner, Philipe Tafner, Cornelius Mittledorf, Jose Pinhata, Ana Luisa Silva, Simone Pilli, José Guilherme da Silva, Renato T Hassegawa, Luis Maruta, Celso Christiano, Lincoln Andrada
Background and study aims:  Invagination, which can occur in any part of the intestine, usually affects children and is the second most common cause of intestinal obstruction after pyloric stenosis. The cause of these intussusceptions in children is usually unknown and they typically occur within the ileocolic region. Management of pediatric patients with the condition often consists of surgical intervention. However, this retrospective study from the University Hospital of the University of São Paulo, Brazil, reports a series of cases of intussusception in children in whom a colonoscopy was used to reverse the intussusception...
November 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099348/transient-neonatal-myasthenia-gravis-with-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-coincidence-or-causation
#15
Aakash Pandita, Deepak Sharma, Srinivas Murki, Tejo Pratap Oleti, Vallamsetty Leelakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043691/-analysis-of-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-size-does-matter
#16
Y González Ruiz, A Siles Hinojosa, N Álvarez García, R Fernández Atuán, P Bragagnini Rodríguez, J Elías Pollina
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the correlation between pyloric size and evolution of patients surgically treated for infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We realized a retrospective study of 109 patients undergoing IHPS in 5 years. We analyzed by χ2 test if a correlation between evolution time, age and postoperative vomiting and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and pyloric muscle thickness (group A > 4.5 mm and group B ≤ 4...
July 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033814/a-case-of-aplasia-cutis-congenita-type-vi-bart-syndrome
#17
Yasmin Alfayez, Sahar Alsharif, Adel Santli
Aplasia cutis congenita type VI, also known as Bart syndrome, is a rare genetic mechanobullous disorder characterized by congenital localized absence of skin, mucocutaneous blistering lesions, and nail abnormalities. We present the case of a 4-h-old male newborn who presented with complete absence of skin over the anteromedial aspect of both lower legs associated with nail dystrophy since birth. After a few days, he developed blisters that were consistent with epidermolysis bullosa in histopathological examination...
May 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030700/pyloric-stenosis-an-enigma-more-than-a-century-after-the-first-successful-treatment
#18
REVIEW
Yousef El-Gohary, Abdelhafeez Abdelhafeez, Elizabeth Paton, Ankush Gosain, Andrew J Murphy
Despite hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) being one of the most frequently treated pediatric surgical conditions, its etiology remains incompletely understood. We review the diagnosis and treatment of this condition with an emphasis on the evolution of surgical techniques that led to laparoscopic pyloromyotomy, the most frequently performed technique for HPS today. In addition, we review key developments in the understanding of HPS etiology and treatment, including the postulated etiology of work-induced hypertrophy of the pylorus, its association with prokinetic macrolide antibiotics, and the emerging role of atropine sulfate as a medical treatment for HPS or a rescue treatment for incomplete myotomy...
January 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984645/advances-in-the-endoscopic-management-of-gastric-outflow-disorders
#19
Andrew C Storm, Marvin Ryou
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Disorders of gastric outflow and outlet obstruction include a variety of benign and malignant disorders such as peptic strictures, foreign bodies, gastroparesis, and cancers of the stomach, duodenum, and pancreas. Historically, a majority of patients presenting with gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) were to the result of peptic ulcers and surgical management of peptic ulcer complications was a mainstay of general surgical training. Invasive surgery is being performed less frequently today due to realization of the role of Helicobacter pylori in peptic ulcer disease and the introduction of novel endoscopic techniques for management of GOO...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963386/possible-congenital-dilatation-of-the-pancreatic-duct
#20
Abhijeet Tavare, Alex N Gordon-Weeks, Helen Bungay, Michael Silva
The main pancreatic duct can become dilated in a number of conditions. We describe a patient with gross dilatation of the main pancreatic duct without evidence of causative underlying pathology suggesting congenital dilatation of the pancreatic duct. A 36-year-old man presented with signs of intestinal obstruction and a history of surgery for congenital pyloric stenosis. Incidental findings on CT showed a massively dilated main pancreatic duct. On MRI there was no duct irregularity or solid mural nodule, making a main duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm unlikely...
September 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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