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Matthias Bauwens, Tony Lahoutte, Ken Kersemans, Vicky Caveliers, Axel Bossuyt, John Mertens
The aim of this study was the comparison of the tumour uptake and the long-term retention of [(123)I]-2-I-L-phenylalanine and [(123)I]-2-I-D-phenylalanine with those of [(123)I]-2-I-L-tyrosine and [(123)I]-2-I-D-tyrosine in R1M rhabdomyosarcoma tumour-bearing rats. The biodistribution of the radioactivity as a function of time in R1M tumour-bearing rats was measured by planar gamma camera imaging (dynamic and static). If dissection was applied, the activity in the tumours and tissues of interest was measured by gamma counting...
July 2007: Contrast Media & Molecular Imaging
Ian W Boucher, Paul J McMillan, Mads Gabrielsen, Susan E Akerman, James A Brannigan, Claudia Schnick, Andrzej M Brzozowski, Anthony J Wilkinson, Sylke Müller
Plasmodium falciparum possesses a single mitochondrion with a functional electron transport chain. During respiration, reactive oxygen species are generated that need to be removed to protect the organelle from oxidative damage. In the absence of catalase and glutathione peroxidase, the parasites rely primarily on peroxiredoxin-linked systems for protection. We have analysed the biochemical and structural features of the mitochondrial peroxiredoxin and thioredoxin of P. falciparum. The mitochondrial localization of both proteins was confirmed by expressing green fluorescent protein fusions in parasite erythrocytic stages...
August 2006: Molecular Microbiology
Xing Chen, Bin Gao, Xing-Yuan Jia, Chang Su, Yue-Ping Lü, Zhan-Yong Wang, Xin-Ping Fan, Bai Xiao, Jing-Zhong Liu
To construct a safer and more efficient gene engineering Lactococcus Lactis for expressing phenylalaine ammonia lyase (PAL) which will be benefit for PKU therapy, pal cDNA of Parsly and synthesized sequence based on Lactococcus Lactis bias codons were recombined into two Lactococcus Lactis NICE systems. The activities of the expressed PAL were detected, and the effect of Lactococcus Lactis bias codons on the expression of exterior protein was analyzed. The results showed that the expression level of PAL was increased by using Lactococcus Lactis bias codons in both Lactococcus Lactis NICE systems...
March 2006: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Jennifer E Grant, Lian-Wang Guo, Martha M Vestling, Kirill A Martemyanov, Vadim Y Arshavsky, Arnold E Ruoho
Dynamic regulation of G-protein signaling in the phototransduction cascade ensures the high temporal resolution of vision. In a key step, the activated alpha-subunit of transducin (Galphat-GTP) activates the cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) by binding the inhibitory gamma-subunit (PDEgamma). Significant progress in understanding the interaction between Galphat and PDEgamma was achieved by solving the crystal structure of the PDEgamma C-terminal peptide bound to Galphat in the transition state for GTP hydrolysis (Slep, K...
March 10, 2006: Journal of Biological Chemistry
D W Miller, D Blache, R Boukhliq, J D Curlewis, G B Martin
Nutrition influences the reproductive axis via alteration of gonadotrophin secretion. However, a link between nutrition and the secretion of GnRH, which drives the axis, has yet to be established. The aim of the present study was to measure the change in the concentrations of metabolic substances in the cerebrospinal fluid of adult male sheep offered a diet designed to maintain constant gonadotrophin secretion (Group M; n = 6), or a diet known to increase gonadotrophin secretion (Group M + L; n = 6). On days 1, 3 and 10 of the dietary treatments, cerebrospinal fluid and jugular blood were sampled and analysed for metabolic fuels (glucose, amino acids and free fatty acids) and metabolic hormones (insulin, insulin-like growth factor I, GH, prolactin, cortisol and the thyroid hormones)...
March 1998: Journal of Reproduction and Fertility
S Sugimoto, I Shiio
Component B of chorismate mutase of Brevibacterium flavum, the first enzyme specific for phenylalanine and tyrosine biosynthesis, was purified to near homogeneity. The molecular weights of component B and its subunit were estimated to be 25,000 and 13,500, respectively. Component A (previously purified) or B alone did not show any chorismate mutase activity but together they showed activity. The enzyme activity was not proportional to the amount of the enzyme. The optimum pH of the reaction was 8.0. Double-reciprocal plots of the reaction rate against chorismate concentration curved upwards...
July 1980: Journal of Biochemistry
R Scandurra, C Cannella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1969: Analytical Biochemistry
G W Kirby, S Narayanaswami, P S Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1975: Journal of the Chemical Society. Perkin Transactions 1
K Maruyama, M L Sunde, A E Harper
Experiments were conducted to investigate plasma free amino acid concentrations in the chick. After one hour of fasting, total plasma amino acid concentration decreased to approximately half of the full-fed value. Within three to six hours, most amino acids had returned toward the full-fed level but did not exceed it throughout a 48 hour period of starvation. However, after 48 hours fasting lysine, threonine, and isoleucine accumulated three-fold, two-fold and two-fold of the full-fed level, respectively. Serine and glutamic acid exceeded the full-fed level at three hours and then declined...
September 1976: Poultry Science
S S Han, C S Koo, M K Kim
Rats were exposed to hypoxia for one week. The mean thickness of epiphyseal plates form control rats was 430 micrometers (mum) which was reduced to 313 mum in hypoxic rats. Radioautographic incorporation of 3H-phenylalaine by connective tissue cells in hypoxic rats was reduced up to 38% in control rats.
May 1976: Journal of Dental Research
G P Reynolds, J W Seakins, D O Gray
The urinary concentrations of free and conjugated 2-phenylethylamine were determined in phenylketonuric patients and normal subjects by solvent extraction and gas chromatography. Free 2-phenylethylamine excretion was found to be significantly elevated above normal in phenylketonuric adults and children receiving a normal or a slightly restricted intake of phenylalanine. Urinary 2-phenylethylamine was also significantly increased in phenylketonuric children receiving low phenylalaine dietary therapy. Conjugated 2-phenylethylamine excretion was found not to be increased above normal...
February 1, 1978: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
J R Porter, P M Hyde, M D Coyne
The purpose of the present experiments was firstly, to examine the efficacy of the oxycellulose-Amberlite CG-50 extraction procedure for the isolation of rat pituitary ACTH and secondly, to study the effects of both hypothalamic extract and corticosterone on the synthesis of rat pituitary ACTH. Briefly, 'cold' rat pituitary ACTH was monitored by bioassay in each step of the isolation procedure as a function of corticosterone stimulation in incubated adrenal slices. Labeled ACTH was isolated from rat pituitaries previously incubated in vitro and obtained from adrenalectomized animals and cortisone acetate treated animals to provide further data to substantiate that the labeled isolated protein contained ACTH...
1977: Hormone Research
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