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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731564/alcohol-related-knowledge-and-alcohol-related-norms-in-four-to-six-year-olds-evidence-from-the-dutch-electronic-appropriate-beverage-task
#1
Carmen Voogt, Roy Otten, Marloes Kleinjan, Rutger Engels, Emmanuel Kuntsche
BACKGROUND: Limited research is available on children's alcohol-related knowledge and alcohol-related norms, yet a better comprehension of these factors may be crucial in explaining alcohol use later in life. This study provides insights into alcohol-related knowledge and alcohol-related norms in four- to six-year-olds. METHODS: Participating children (N=329; 48.9% boys) were shown, on a tablet, 18 drawings depicting 72 male and female adults and/or children in various situations and were asked to indicate what the depicted persons drank by touching one of 12 depicted beverages (four alcoholic; eight non-alcoholic)...
July 21, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727160/the-long-term-effect-of-a-zinc-acetate-and-chlorhexidine-diacetate-containing-mouth-rinse-on-intra-oral-halitosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Seida Erovic Ademovski, Carina Mårtensson, G Rutger Persson, Stefan Renvert
AIM: To evaluate the long-term effects of a zinc acetate and chlorhexidine diacetate mouth rinse (Zn/CHX) on intra-oral halitosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six adults with intra-oral halitosis were randomized into a 6-month, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study. The presence of intra-oral halitosis was evaluated at baseline, 3, and 6 months after treatment by assessment of organoleptic score (OLS) and by total volatile sulphur compounds (T-VSC), hydrogen sulphide (H2 S) and methyl mercaptan (MM) concentrations in exhaled air...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727139/effect-of-solvent-detergent-treated-pooled-plasma-on-fibrinolysis-in-reconstituted-whole-blood
#3
Nicholas H Saadah, Pieter F van der Meer, Herm Jan M Brinkman, Dirk de Korte, Ido J Bontekoe, Herbert H Korsten, Rutger A Middelburg, Johanna G van der Bom, Martin R Schipperus
BACKGROUND: Hyperfibrinolysis has been observed in patients heavily transfused with solvent/detergent-treated pooled plasma (S/D plasma). We compared coagulation and fibrinolytic variables in blood containing S/D plasma with blood containing fresh-frozen plasma (FFP), with and without α2-antiplasmin or tranexamic acid (TXA) supplementation. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Whole blood samples were reconstituted from red blood cells, platelet (PLT) concentrates, and varying mixtures of FFP and S/D plasma...
July 20, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722530/are-there-risk-factors-for-scleroderma-related-calcinosis
#4
Sneha Pai, Vivien Hsu
OBJECTIVES: Pathogenesis and risk factors of scleroderma associated calcinosis is poorly understood and there is no effective treatment. This study was performed to better understand the prevalence and clinical features associated with calcinosis in a cohort of SSc outpatients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we compared clinical characteristics of SSc patients with (SSc-calcinosis) and without calcinosis (SSc-control) seen in the outpatient Rutgers-RWJ Scleroderma Program between 2012 and 2015...
July 19, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712688/the-role-of-the-operating-room-in-medical-student-education-differing-perspectives-of-learners-and-educators
#5
Rebecca O'Neill, Michael Shapiro, Aziz Merchant
OBJECTIVE: The surgical clerkship is an integral part of third-year medical student education. The operating room (OR) is a heavily used setting, but it is unclear whether this setting is as effective as possible. To determine the role of the OR and potential improvements, it is necessary to analyze the perspectives of those involved, including surgeons, residents, and medical students. DESIGN: An electronic survey was distributed to the surgeons, surgical residents, and third-year medical students associated with Rutgers New Jersey Medical School...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703900/rapid-genetic-counseling-and-testing-in-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer-patients-and-health-professionals-attitudes-experiences-and-evaluation-of-effects-on-treatment-decision-making
#6
Marijke R Wevers, Neil K Aaronson, Eveline M A Bleiker, Daniela E E Hahn, Titia Brouwer, Thijs van Dalen, Evert B Theunissen, Bart van Ooijen, Marnix A de Roos, Paul J Borgstein, Bart C Vrouenraets, Eline Vriens, Wim H Bouma, Herman Rijna, Johannes P Vente, Marianne A Kuenen, Jacoline van der Sanden-Melis, Arjen J Witkamp, Emiel J Th Rutgers, Senno Verhoef, Margreet G E M Ausems
BACKGROUND: Rapid genetic counseling and testing (RGCT) in newly diagnosed high-risk breast cancer (BC) patients may influence surgical treatment decisions. To successfully integrate RGCT in practice, knowledge of professionals', and patients' attitudes toward RGCT is essential. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2010, we performed a randomized clinical trial evaluating the impact of RGCT. Attitudes toward and experience with RGCT were assessed in 265 patients (at diagnosis, 6- and 12-month follow-up) and 29 medical professionals (before and after the recruitment period)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702168/familial-spontaneous-splenic-rupture-in-a-patient-with-idiopathic-splenomegaly-report-of-a-case
#7
Ilsalien S Bakker, Rutger J Hissink, Hendrik M Schaap
Spontaneous splenic rupture in a healthy individual is a rare phenomenon. This article reports on a patient with an uneventful medical history, presenting with atraumatic splenic rupture. Three family members of the patients experienced the same in the past.
June 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701977/foreign-languages-sound-fast-evidence-from-implicit-rate-normalization
#8
Hans Rutger Bosker, Eva Reinisch
Anecdotal evidence suggests that unfamiliar languages sound faster than one's native language. Empirical evidence for this impression has, so far, come from explicit rate judgments. The aim of the present study was to test whether such perceived rate differences between native and foreign languages (FLs) have effects on implicit speech processing. Our measure of implicit rate perception was "normalization for speech rate": an ambiguous vowel between short /a/ and long /a:/ is interpreted as /a:/ following a fast but as /a/ following a slow carrier sentence...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681231/the-value-of-postmortem-computed-tomography-in-paediatric-natural-cause-of-death-a-dutch-observational-study
#9
Rick R van Rijn, Erik J Beek, Elise M van de Putte, Arianne H Teeuw, Peter G J Nikkels, Wilma L J M Duijst, Rutger-Jan A Nievelstein
BACKGROUND: Postmortem CT is a relatively new field of interest within paediatric radiology. This paper focusses on its value in cases of unexpected natural death. OBJECTIVE: We report on an observational Dutch study regarding the value of postmortem CT in children with an assumed natural unexpected death because postmortem CT is part of the Dutch NODO (additional investigations of cause of death) procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included consecutive children who fulfilled criteria for the NODO procedure and were therefore referred to one of the centres for the procedure...
July 5, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673534/the-intraoperative-assessment-of-sentinel-nodes-standards-and-controversies
#10
M E M van der Noordaa, M T F D Vrancken Peeters, E J T Rutgers
Intraoperative assessment of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) has the advantage of allowing breast cancer patients with tumor-positive SLNs to avoid a second surgery by immediately proceeding to axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). However, there are several reasons why the use of intraoperative assessment should be questioned. Whereas ALND was traditionally advised for all breast cancer patients with tumor-positive lymph nodes for axillary staging and locoregional control, more recent studies have demonstrated safety of omitting ALND in a substantial number of patients...
June 30, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666823/overstenting-the-hypogastric-artery-during-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-with-and-without-prior-coil-embolization-a%C3%A2-comparative-analysis-from-the-engage-registry
#11
Rutger A Stokmans, Pieter P H L Broos, Marc R H M van Sambeek, Joep A W Teijink, Philippe W M Cuypers
BACKGROUND: Endovascular aneurysm repair of aortoiliac or iliac aneurysms is often performed with stent graft coverage of the origin of the hypogastric artery (HA) to ensure adequate distal seal. It is considered common practice to perform adjunctive coiling of the HA to prevent a type II endoleak. Our objective was to question the necessity of pre-emptive coiling by comparing the outcomes of HA coverage with and without prior coil embolization. METHODS: Data from the Endurant Stent Graft Natural Selection Global Postmarket Registry (ENGAGE), which prospectively enrolled 1263 endovascular aneurysm repair patients between March 2009 and April 2011 from multiple centers worldwide, were used for this study...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662668/experimentally-confirmed-toltrazuril-resistance-in-a-field-isolate-of-cystoisospora-suis
#12
Aruna Shrestha, Barbara Freudenschuss, Rutger Jansen, Barbara Hinney, Bärbel Ruttkowski, Anja Joachim
BACKGROUND: Constant treatment regimens with toltrazuril against Cystoisospora suis infection in piglets are being applied in the intensive production systems for the last two decades, but the possibility of resistance development has not been addressed so far despite limited availability of treatment alternatives. Recently, a pig producer in The Netherlands who routinely used toltrazuril complained about diarrhea in suckling piglets in the absence of bacterial and viral pathogens, and oocysts of C...
June 29, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657783/big-five-personality-traits-of-cybercrime-victims
#13
Steve G A van de Weijer, E Rutger Leukfeldt
The prevalence of cybercrime has increased rapidly over the last decades and has become part of the everyday life of citizens. It is, therefore, of great importance to gain more knowledge on the factors related to an increased or decreased likelihood of becoming a cybercrime victim. The current study adds to the existing body of knowledge using a large representative sample of Dutch individuals (N = 3,648) to study the relationship between cybercrime victimization and the key traits from the Big Five model of personality (i...
July 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657733/constrained-orbital-density-functional-theory-computational-method-and-applications-to-surface-chemical-processes
#14
Craig Patrick Plaisance, Rutger A van Santen, Karsten Reuter
We present a method for performing density-functional theory (DFT) calculations in which one or more Kohn-Sham orbitals are constrained to be localized on individual atoms. This constrained-orbital DFT (CO-DFT) approach can be used to tackle two prevalent shortcomings of DFT -- the lack of transparency with regards to the governing electronic structure in large (planewave based) DFT calculations and the limitations of semi-local DFT in describing systems with localized electrons or a large degree of static correlation...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654845/alcohol-related-cognitions-in-children-aged-2-10-and-how-they-are-shaped-by-parental-alcohol-use-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Carmen Voogt, Miriam Beusink, Marloes Kleinjan, Roy Otten, Rutger Engels, Koen Smit, Emmanuel Kuntsche
BACKGROUND: This systematic review aims to summarize the evidence of the impact of parental alcohol use on the acquisition of children's alcohol-related cognitions (alcohol-related knowledge, alcohol-related norms, alcohol expectancies) in the developmental period from age two to ten. METHODS: A computer-assisted systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, PsychINFO, ERIC, and EMBASE. Overall, 20 out of the 3406 unique articles identified in the first screening were included...
June 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653941/transient-thyrotoxicosis-during-nivolumab-treatment
#16
M J van Kooten, G van den Berg, A W J M Glaudemans, T J N Hiltermann, H J M Groen, A Rutgers, T P Links
Two patients presented with transient thyrotoxicosis within 2-4 weeks after starting treatment with nivolumab. This thyrotoxicosis turned into hypothyroidism within 6-8 weeks. Temporary treatment with a beta blocker may be sufficient.
June 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653425/storage-time-of-platelet-concentrates-and-all-cause-bacteremia-in-hematologic-patients
#17
Aukje L Kreuger, Rutger A Middelburg, Cock M C Bank, Erik A M Beckers, Adriaan J van Gammeren, Anja Leyte, Jan M M Rondeel, Karen M K de Vooght, Floor Weerkamp, Jaap Jan Zwaginga, Jean Louis H Kerkhoffs, Johanna G van der Bom
BACKGROUND: Extension of storage time of platelet (PLT) concentrates may result in an increased risk of bacteremia, directly via transfusion of contaminated products or indirectly via transfusion-related immunomodulation. We aimed to quantify the association of storage time of PLT concentrates and all-cause bacteremia in hematologic patients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We established a cohort of hematologic patients who received a PLT transfusion between 2005 and 2015...
June 26, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643354/diffusion-mri-microstructure-models-with-in-vivo-human-brain-connectome-data-results-from-a-multi-group-comparison
#18
Uran Ferizi, Benoit Scherrer, Torben Schneider, Mohammad Alipoor, Odin Eufracio, Rutger H J Fick, Rachid Deriche, Markus Nilsson, Ana K Loya-Olivas, Mariano Rivera, Dirk H J Poot, Alonso Ramirez-Manzanares, Jose L Marroquin, Ariel Rokem, Christian Pötter, Robert F Dougherty, Ken Sakaie, Claudia Wheeler-Kingshott, Simon K Warfield, Thomas Witzel, Lawrence L Wald, José G Raya, Daniel C Alexander
A large number of mathematical models have been proposed to describe the measured signal in diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, model comparison to date focuses only on specific subclasses, e.g. compartment models or signal models, and little or no information is available in the literature on how performance varies among the different types of models. To address this deficiency, we organized the 'White Matter Modeling Challenge' during the International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI) 2015 conference...
June 23, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632760/the-development-of-acquired-equivalence-from-childhood-to-adulthood-a-cross-sectional-study-of-265-subjects
#19
Gábor Braunitzer, Attila Őze, Gabriella Eördegh, Anna Pihokker, Petra Rózsa, László Kasik, Szabolcs Kéri, Attila Nagy
Acquired equivalence (AE) is a form of feedback-based associative learning where the subject learns that two or more stimuli are equivalent in terms of being mapped onto the same outcomes or responses. While several studies dealt with how various neurological and psychiatric conditions affect performance on AE tasks (typically with small populations), studies dealing with AE in healthy subjects are rare, and no study has ever made an attempt to plot the development of this form of learning from the childhood through adulthood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624798/selection-of-optimal-molecular-targets-for-tumor-specific-imaging-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#20
Willemieke S. Tummers, Arantza Farina-Sarasqueta, Martin C. Boonstra, Hendrica A. Prevoo, Cornelis F. Sier, Jan Sven Mieog, Johannes Morreau, Casper H. van Eijck, Peter J. Kuppen, Cornelis J. van de Velde, Bert A. Bonsing, Alexander L. Vahrmeijer, Rutger-Jan Swijnenburg
Discrimination of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) from chronic pancreatitis (CP) or peritumoral inflammation is challenging, both at preoperative imaging and during surgery, but it is crucial for proper therapy selection. Tumor-specific molecular imaging aims to enhance this discrimination and to help select and stratify patients for resection. We evaluated various biomarkers for the specific identification of PDAC and associated lymph node metastases. Using immunohistochemistry (IHC), expression levels and patterns were investigated of integrin αvβ6, carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 5 (CEACAM5), Cathepsin E (Cath E), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), hepatocyte growth factor receptor (c-MET), thymocyte differentiation antigen 1 (Thy1), and urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR)...
May 26, 2017: Oncotarget
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