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Nor Aishah Saidina Amin, Amin Talebian-Kiakalaieh
As the world's second largest palm oil producer and exporter, Malaysia could capitalize on its oil palm biomass waste for power generation. The emission factors from this renewable energy source are far lower than that of fossil fuels. This study applies an integrated carbon accounting and mitigation (INCAM) model to calculate the amount of CO2 emissions from two biomass thermal power plants. The CO2 emissions released from biomass plants utilizing empty fruit bunch (EFB) and palm oil mill effluent (POME), as alternative fuels for powering steam and gas turbines, were determined using the INCAM model...
November 15, 2017: Waste Management
Brian Andrews, Robin Gibbons, Garry Wheeler
Potentially, functional electrical stimulation (FES)-assisted exercise may have an important therapeutic role in reducing comorbidities associated with spinal cord injury (SCI). Here, we present an overview of these secondary life-threatening conditions, discuss the rationale behind the development of a hybrid exercise called FES rowing, and describe our experience in developing FES rowing technology. FES rowing and sculling are unique forms of adaptive rowing for those with SCI. The paralyzed leg musculature is activated by multiple channels of electrical pulses delivered via self-adhesive electrodes attached to the skin...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
Qianhui Qiu, Yang Peng, Zhenchao Zhu, Zhuo Chen, Chi Zhang, Hsiao Hui Ong, Kai Sen Tan, Haiyu Hong, Yan Yan, Haoqi Huang, Jing Liu, Xianqing Li, H N Nam, N T N Dung, Li Shi, Qintai Yang, Colin D Bingle, De-Yun Wang
OBJECTIVE: Motile cilia impairment is a common condition in patients with chronically inflamed airways, such as is seen in nasal polyps (NPs). The mechanism underlying this pathogenic condition is complex and not fully understood. METHODS: We investigated the presence and localization of dynein axonemal heavy chain 5 (DNAH5) in motile cilia using immunofluorescence staining in paraffin-embedded nasal biopsies from NPs (n = 120) and inferior turbinate mucosa (n = 35) of healthy controls...
November 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
Jong Seung Kim, Sam Hyun Kwon
RATIONALE: Sinonasal osteoblastoma is an extremely rare benign bone-forming tumor. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report 2 extremely rare cases of sinonasal osteoblastoma in the middle turbinate. DIAGNOSES: The preoperative diagnosis was osteoma in the middle turbinate. INTERVENTIONS: We performed endoscopic removal of the mass in the middle turbinate and frontal recess. OUTCOMES: Histological examination of biopsy specimens revealed osteoblastoma...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
G B Singh, S Shukla, P Kumari, I Shukla
BACKGROUND: Extra-nasopharyngeal angiofibroma is a rare but distinct clinical entity, different from juvenile angiofibroma. METHODS: This clinical record elucidates the only case of extra-nasopharyngeal angiofibroma arising from the septum in a female child, who presented with epistaxis. RESULTS: The histopathological diagnosis was confirmed by immunohistochemistry, and the case was managed surgically with no recurrence. CONCLUSION: In a female paediatric patient presenting with epistaxis, extra-nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (of the inferior turbinate) is a rare albeit important differential diagnosis, as it challenges the hormonal theory of angiofibroma aetiopathogenesis...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Mrigendra K S Rajput, Karim Abdelsalam, Mahmoud F Darweesh, Lyle J Braun, Jason Kerkvliet, Adam D Hoppe, Christopher C L Chase
Autophagy is a cellular process that maintains cellular homeostasis by the proteolytic recycling of cytoplasm. Autophagy occurs at basal levels in almost all cells. It is upregulated in cellular stress including starvation, oxidative stress or during infection. Several viruses including flavivirus have developed strategies to subvert or use autophagy for their efficient replication. Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a member of the Flaviviridae family and the pestivirus virus group. BVDV is responsible for significant economic loss in cattle industry worldwide...
December 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Houari Ameur, Youcef Kamla, Djamel Sahel
In this paper, the data assembled concerning the agitation of a Newtonian fluid in a cylindrical vessel is disclosed. The stirred vessel is not provided with baffles and has a flat-bottom. The data presents some information on the characteristics of two impellers: a six-blade Rushton turbine and a six-blade paddle impeller. The flow patterns generated by both impellers are depicted and compared. Also, the power required when changing the impeller rotational speed is given. The data summarized here via three-dimensional calculations of velocities and viscous dissipation in the whole volume of the tank provides additional knowledge for the best choice of impellers for each industrial process...
December 2017: Data in Brief
Sagar Patel, Angela Sturm, Michael Bobian, Peter F Svider, Giancarlo Zuliani, Russell Kridel
Importance: Given the increase in opioid addiction and overdose in the United States, reasoned opioid use after outpatient surgery may affect prescription medication abuse. Objectives: To examine patient use of opioids after rhinoplasty and establish an optimal postrhinoplasty pain management regimen. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this case series, opioid use was evaluated in 62 patients who underwent rhinoplasty performed by 3 fellowship-trained facial plastic surgeons, 2 in private practice in Texas and 1 in an academic setting in Michigan, from February 2016 to September 2016...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Leon Mishnaevsky, Kim Branner, Helga Nørgaard Petersen, Justine Beauson, Malcolm McGugan, Bent F Sørensen
A short overview of composite materials for wind turbine applications is presented here. Requirements toward the wind turbine materials, loads, as well as available materials are reviewed. Apart from the traditional composites for wind turbine blades (glass fibers/epoxy matrix composites), natural composites, hybrid and nanoengineered composites are discussed. Manufacturing technologies for wind turbine composites, as well their testing and modelling approaches are reviewed.
November 9, 2017: Materials
Daniel B Quinn, Yous van Halder, David Lentink
The aerodynamic performance of vehicles and animals, as well as the productivity of turbines and energy harvesters, depends on the turbulence intensity of the incoming flow. Previous studies have pointed at the potential benefits of active closed-loop turbulence control. However, it is unclear what the minimal sensory and algorithmic requirements are for realizing this control. Here we show that very low-bandwidth anemometers record sufficient information for an adaptive control algorithm to converge quickly...
November 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
Kundong Wang, Jiayi Ma, Feng Wang, Zhiwu Wang, Guozheng Yan, Yilu Zhou
Robotic colonoscopy is an efficient examination method for finding malignant tumour in its early stage. This research developed a novel robotic endoscope with 13 mm diameter, 105 mm length and 22.3 g weight. A contact biomechanical model is proposed to increase the locomotion safety and efficiency in the soft tissue. The model shows that the friction difference between the robot and the tissue is a key factor to locomotion capability. A soft, full bellow with excellent compatibility was designed to package the robot body...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
Lars Pilgaard Mikkelsen, Leon Mishnaevsky
Computational and analytical studies of degradation of wind turbine blade materials at the macro-, micro-, and nanoscale carried out by the modelling team of the Section Composites and Materials Mechanics, Department of Wind Energy, DTU, are reviewed. Examples of the analysis of the microstructural effects on the strength and fatigue life of composites are shown. Computational studies of degradation mechanisms of wind blade composites under tensile and compressive loading are presented. The effect of hybrid and nanoengineered structures on the performance of the composite was studied in computational experiments as well...
November 8, 2017: Materials
Yentl Swolfs
Increasing the efficiency of wind turbines will be vital for the wind energy sector to continue growing. The drive for increased efficiency is pushing turbine manufacturers to shift from glass fibre composite blades towards carbon/glass fibre-hybrid composite blades. This shift brings significant challenges in terms of optimising the design and understanding the failure of these new blade materials. This review therefore surveys the literature on fibre-hybrid composites, with an emphasis on aspects that are relevant for turbine blade materials...
November 8, 2017: Materials
Jong-Yeup Kim, Dong-Kyu Kim, Myeong Sang Yu, Min-Ji Cha, Seong-Lan Yu, Jaeku Kang
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a highly prevalent disease characterized by mucosal inflammation of the nose and paranasal sinuses. CRS can be divided into two main categories, CRS with nasal polyps (NPs; CRSwNP) and CRS without NPs (CRSsNP). Although the pathophysiology of CRS remains unclear, DNA methylation has been implicated in the etiology of CRSwNP. The aim of the present study was to elucidate whether DNA methylation of specific genes is involved in the development of NPs. In total, 18 individuals were included in the present study, and were divided into three groups: CRSwNP (n=7), CRSsNP (n=7) and healthy controls (n=4)...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Cecily F Foo, Victoria J Bennett, Amanda M Hale, Jennifer M Korstian, Alison J Schildt, Dean A Williams
Although the ultimate causes of high bat fatalities at wind farms are not well understood, several lines of evidence suggest that bats are attracted to wind turbines. One hypothesis is that bats would be attracted to turbines as a foraging resource if the insects that bats prey upon are commonly present on and around the turbine towers. To investigate the role that foraging activity may play in bat fatalities, we conducted a series of surveys at a wind farm in the southern Great Plains of the US from 2011-2016...
2017: PeerJ
Rahwa A Osman, Philip John Griebel
Bovine natural killer (NK) cells were originally defined by the NK activation receptor CD335 [natural killer cell p46-related protein (NKp46)], but following the discovery of NKp46 expression on human T-cells, the definition of conventional bovine NK cells was modified to CD335(+)CD3(-) cells. Recently, a bovine T-cell population co-expressing CD335 was identified and these non-conventional T-cells were shown to produce interferon (IFN)-γ and share functional properties with both conventional NK cells and T-cells...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Jialin Tang, Slim Soua, Cristinel Mares, Tat-Hean Gan
The identification of particular types of damage in wind turbine blades using acoustic emission (AE) techniques is a significant emerging field. In this work, a 45.7-m turbine blade was subjected to flap-wise fatigue loading for 21 days, during which AE was measured by internally mounted piezoelectric sensors. This paper focuses on using unsupervised pattern recognition methods to characterize different AE activities corresponding to different fracture mechanisms. A sequential feature selection method based on a k-means clustering algorithm is used to achieve a fine classification accuracy...
November 1, 2017: Sensors
Maria Muñoz, M Angeles Garrido, M Francisca Gomez-Rico, Rafael Font
Composting of sewage sludge is a common practice for sludge disposal. Some previous studies found high levels of polychorodibenzo-p-dioxins and polychorodibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) after composting, especially octachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (OCDD) but also 1234678-heptachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (1234678-HpCDD) to a lesser extent. In this work, the concentrations of OCDD, 1234678-HpCDD and the rest of the 17 toxic congeners of PCDD/Fs were determined in compost obtained under different conditions. Although the toxicity of the two compounds mentioned above is small, their generation may reach undesirable levels...
October 30, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Márton Eördögh, Hans Rudolf Briner, Daniel Simmen, Nicholas Jones, Robert Reisch
Objectives: The endoscopic technique in transnasal skull base surgery offers optimal visualization and free manipulation in the surgical field. However, it may cause approach-related sinonasal injury, influencing patients' quality of life (QOL). To minimize rhinological morbidity without restrictions in surgical manipulation and tumor resection, we introduced the unilateral transethmoidal-paraseptal approach. In this article, we analyzed the long-term results and sinonasal outcome of this technique...
October 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
Hai-Yan Wu, Jin-Xiang Chen, Hui-Qin Tian, Xiu-Ling Zhang, Hai-Yan Bian, Lei Cheng
Objective: The relationship between vitamin D and allergic rhinitis (AR) remains unclear. The present study investigated their association by examining serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels, blood eosinophils, and the expression of vitamin D receptors (VDR) on nasal mucosa in patients with AR. Methods: A total of 32 patients with persistent AR and 25 controls were enrolled in this study. Serum 25(OH)D levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and eosinophils in the peripheral blood were examined by an automated hematology system, while VDR expression on inferior turbinate mucosa was assessed by immunohistochemistry...
October 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
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