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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542216/quantifying-the-effect-of-investors-attention-on-stock-market
#1
Zhen-Hua Yang, Jian-Guo Liu, Chang-Rui Yu, Jing-Ti Han
The investors' attention has been extensively used to predict the stock market. Different from existing proxies of the investors' attention, such as the Google trends, Baidu index (BI), we argue the collective attention from the stock trading platforms could reflect the investors' attention more closely. By calculated the increments of the attention volume for each stock (IAVS) from the stock trading platforms, we investigate the effect of investors' attention measured by the IAVS on the movement of the stock market...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542184/estimation-of-the-cost-effectiveness-of-hiv-prevention-portfolios-for-people-who-inject-drugs-in-the-united-states-a-model-based-analysis
#2
Cora L Bernard, Douglas K Owens, Jeremy D Goldhaber-Fiebert, Margaret L Brandeau
BACKGROUND: The risks of HIV transmission associated with the opioid epidemic make cost-effective programs for people who inject drugs (PWID) a public health priority. Some of these programs have benefits beyond prevention of HIV-a critical consideration given that injection drug use is increasing across most United States demographic groups. To identify high-value HIV prevention program portfolios for US PWID, we consider combinations of four interventions with demonstrated efficacy: opioid agonist therapy (OAT), needle and syringe programs (NSPs), HIV testing and treatment (Test & Treat), and oral HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538427/return-on-investment-of-advanced-practice-medical-degrees-nps-vs-pas
#3
Christopher K Craig, James H Holmes, Jeffery E Carter
As the United States faces a predicted physician shortage over the next 2 decades, physician assistants (PAs) and NPs are expected to fill the void. At the same time, because education is expensive, student loan and tuition increases have many potential applicants assessing differences in reimbursement and wondering about their return on investment (ROI). An analysis compared PA and NP salaries by incorporating national salary data, federal income tax, and student loans for a comparative analysis of each career pathway...
June 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534756/opportunities-for-data-science-in-the-pharmaceutical-industry-the-use-of-data-to-find-efficiencies-in-drug-development-can-t-come-too-soon
#4
Nirmal Keshava
By the numbers, 2016 was not a good year for the U.S. pharmaceutical industry. As of early December, only 19 new drugs had been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), fewer than half of those approved in 2015 and the lowest number since 2007. Further, the FDA approved only 61% of submissions in 2016, compared to 95% in 2015 [1]. And, among the largest companies, the return on investment for research and development (R&D) fell to 3.7% [2].
May 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527687/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-typhoid-conjugate-vaccines-in-five-endemic-low-and-middle-income-settings
#5
Marina Antillón, Joke Bilcke, A David Paltiel, Virginia E Pitzer
BACKGROUND: Typhoid fever remains endemic in low- and middle-income countries. Programmatic use of existing vaccines is limited, but upcoming typhoid conjugate vaccines (TCVs) could warrant wider use. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of five TCV delivery strategies in three urban areas (Delhi and Kolkata, India and Nairobi, Kenya) and two rural settings (Lwak, Kenya and Dong Thap, Vietnam) with varying incidence. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We evaluated routine infant vaccination with and without catch-up campaigns among older individuals...
May 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527474/fifteen-years-of-experience-from-a-medical-school-clinical-skills-laboratory
#6
José Miguel Pêgo, João José Cerqueira, João Bessa, Vitor Hugo Pereira, Sara Gomes, José Mariz, Rita Sousa, Pedro Morgado, Nuno Sousa
INTRODUCTION: Medical Education has evolved being defined as a continuum of the medical training from the pre- to the post-graduate period and through a lifetime of medical practice that is mirrored in the competencies framework that several international institutions have established. This creates a challenge to educational institutions (pre- and post-graduate) that traditionally take separate pathways. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present report is a description of the efforts carried by the School of Medicine of the University of Minho to implement a strategy of teaching/learning methods that follows modern standards towards constructive alignment of the medical curriculum, from the pre- to the post-graduate...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510591/the-case-for-investing-in-the-male-condom
#7
John Stover, James E Rosen, Maria Nadia Carvalho, Eline L Korenromp, Howard S Friedman, Matthew Cogan, Bidia Deperthes
When used correctly and consistently, the male condom offers triple protection from unintended pregnancy and the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, with health funding levels stagnant or falling, it is important to understand the cost and health impact associated with prevention technologies. This study is one of the first to attempt to quantify the cost and combined health impact of condom use, as a means to prevent unwanted pregnancy and to prevent transmission of STIs including HIV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506974/assessment-of-reimbursement-in-a-community-hospital-based-pharmacist-managed-outpatient-transition-clinic
#8
Jinjie Huang, Ruthan Tattersall, Kristin Morse, Julia Nickerson-Troy, Elizabeth Clements, Lindsay Celauro, Amanda Lovell
PURPOSE: The assessment of reimbursement for and time spent on patient visits in a newly implemented, outpatient pharmacist-managed transition clinic (TC) was studied. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on clinic visits that occurred during January 1 to December 31, 2015. Patients who had at least one TC visit during the study period were included. Any visit with no response from insurance by March 31, 2016, was excluded. Services provided by the TC were billed using a facility fee billing model...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505041/the-potential-return-on-public-investment-in-detecting-adverse-drug-effects
#9
Krista F Huybrechts, Rishi J Desai, Moa Park, Joshua J Gagne, Mehdi Najafzadeh, Jerry Avorn
BACKGROUND: Many countries lack fully functional pharmacovigilance programs, and public budgets allocated to pharmacovigilance in industrialized countries remain low due to resource constraints and competing priorities. OBJECTIVE: Using 3 case examples, we sought to estimate the public health and economic benefits resulting from public investment in active pharmacovigilance programs to detect adverse drug effects. RESEARCH DESIGN: We assessed 3 examples in which early signals of safety hazards were not adequately recognized, resulting in continued exposure of a large number of patients to these drugs when safer and effective alternative treatments were available...
June 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501609/return-on-investment-from-fuel-treatments-to-reduce-severe-wildfire-and-erosion-in-a-watershed-investment-program-in-colorado
#10
Kelly W Jones, Jeffery B Cannon, Freddy A Saavedra, Stephanie K Kampf, Robert N Addington, Antony S Cheng, Lee H MacDonald, Codie Wilson, Brett Wolk
A small but growing number of watershed investment programs in the western United States focus on wildfire risk reduction to municipal water supplies. This paper used return on investment (ROI) analysis to quantify how the amounts and placement of fuel treatment interventions would reduce sediment loading to the Strontia Springs Reservoir in the Upper South Platte River watershed southwest of Denver, Colorado following an extreme fire event. We simulated various extents of fuel mitigation activities under two placement strategies: (a) a strategic treatment prioritization map and (b) accessibility...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500887/integrated-techno-economic-and-environmental-analysis-of-butadiene-production-from-biomass
#11
Somayeh Farzad, Mohsen Ali Mandegari, Johann F Görgens
In this study, lignocellulose biorefineries annexed to a typical sugar mill were investigated to produce either ethanol (EtOH) or 1,3-butadiene (BD), utilizing bagasse and trash as feedstock. Aspen simulation of the scenarios were developed and evaluated in terms of economic and environmental performance. The minimum selling prices (MSPs) for bio-based BD and EtOH production were 2.9-3.3 and 1.26-1.38-fold higher than market prices, respectively. Based on the sensitivity analysis results, capital investment, Internal Rate of Return and extension of annual operating time had the greatest impact on the MSP...
May 4, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497936/grading-health-claims-by-weight-of-evidence-would-make-for-a-better-informed-public
#12
François A Allaert, Jacques Vandermander, Florent Herpin, Gabrielle Ventura
In the European Regulation 1924/2006 (1) and especially its first recital; the evaluation of health claims (HC) by European Food Safety Agency (EFSA) was introduced so as "to ensure a high level of consumer protection, [and] give the consumer the necessary information to make choices in full knowledge of the facts…" Now, with 10 years of hindsight since the Regulation was adopted, it can be asked whether EFSA HC process of evaluation that led to a marginal number of accepted claims is consistent with this objective, not just for protecting consumers but for allowing them to decide freely and make informed choices...
May 10, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497581/what-could-cognitive-capital-mean-for-china-s-children
#13
Douglas J Noble, Kathryn Martin, Lisa Qin, Pia Britto, Margo O'sullivan, Jillian Popkins, Ron Pouwels, Robert W Scherpbier, Rana Flowers
Cognitive capital is an emerging paradigm that captures the criticality of investing in children whilst neural proliferation and development of brain architecture are at their peak. Distinct from financial capital, cognitive capital represents investment in future human potential from interventions in nutrition, health, education, child protection, and social welfare systems that optimize brain development. The return on investment is significant given the plasticity of the developing brain in response to positive stimuli...
May 12, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485006/the-impact-of-appointment-based-medication-synchronization-on-medication-taking-behaviour-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
E Nguyen, D M Sobieraj
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Proactive synchronization of medication refills through an appointment-based model (ABM) is a community pharmacy-based intervention targeting adherence to medications. We aimed to systematically review evidence on the impact of the ABM on medication taking behaviour, health resource utilization, clinical outcomes and the preferences of patients and providers. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search of MEDLINE and Scopus from database inception through 6 February 2017...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476154/cluster-randomized-evaluation-of-adolescent-girls-empowerment-programme-agep-study-protocol
#15
Paul C Hewett, Karen Austrian, Erica Soler-Hampejsek, Jere R Behrman, Fiammetta Bozzani, Natalie A Jackson-Hachonda
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in less developed countries such as Zambia often face multi-faceted challenges for achieving successful transitions through adolescence to early adulthood. The literature has noted the need to introduce interventions during this period, particularly for adolescent girls, with the perspective that such investments have significant economic, social and health returns to society. The Adolescent Girls Empowerment Programme (AGEP) was an intervention designed as a catalyst for change for adolescent girls through themselves, to their family and community...
May 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471925/improving-staffing-and-nurse-engagement-in-a-neuroscience-intermediate-unit
#16
Charles Nadolski, Pheraby Britt, Leah C Ramos
The neuroscience intermediate unit is a 23-bed unit that was initially staffed with a nurse-to-patient ratio of 1:4 to 1:5. In time, the unit's capacity to care for the exceeding number of progressively acute patients fell short of the desired goals in the staff affecting the nurse satisfaction. The clinical nurses desired a lower nurse-patient ratio. The purpose of this project was to justify a staffing increase through a return on investment and increased quality metrics. METHODS: This initiative used mixed methodology to determine the ideal staffing for a neuroscience intermediate unit...
June 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467132/interprofessional-team-based-placements-the-importance-of-space-place-and-facilitation
#17
Margo L Brewer, Helen Louise Flavell, Joanne Jordon
Interprofessional education in practice settings typically requires greater resource investment than in the classroom or online. Increased interest in return on investment means research on the outcomes of practice-based interprofessional education is needed. In this article, we report findings from a qualitative study involving a series of focus groups with health sciences' students during their interprofessional placements in three community health settings in Western Australia. An exploratory case study approach was adopted to determine students' perceptions of the placement and their learning...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459815/the-improved-business-valuation-model-for-rfid-company-based-on-the-community-mining-method
#18
Shugang Li, Zhaoxu Yu
Nowadays, the appetite for the investment and mergers and acquisitions (M&A) activity in RFID companies is growing rapidly. Although the huge number of papers have addressed the topic of business valuation models based on statistical methods or neural network methods, only a few are dedicated to constructing a general framework for business valuation that improves the performance with network graph (NG) and the corresponding community mining (CM) method. In this study, an NG based business valuation model is proposed, where real options approach (ROA) integrating CM method is designed to predict the company's net profit as well as estimate the company value...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459085/an-emergent-research-and-policy-framework-for-telehealth
#19
Margo Edmunds, Reed Tuckson, Joy Lewis, Brian Atchinson, Karen Rheuban, Hank Fanberg, Lois Olinger, Robert Rosati, Cheryl Austein-Casnoff, Gary Capistrant, Latoya Thomas
CONTEXT: Telehealth is a fast-growing sector in health care, using a variety of technologies to exchange information across locations and to improve access, quality, and outcomes across the continuum of care. Thousands of studies and hundreds of systematic reviews have been done, but their variability leaves many questions about telehealth's effectiveness, implementation priorities, and return on investment. OBJECTIVES: There is an urgent need for a systematic, policy-relevant framework to integrate regulatory, operational, and clinical factors and to guide future investments in telehealth research and practice...
2017: EGEMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458797/linking-sustainable-use-policies-to-novel-economic-incentives-to-stimulate-antibiotic-research-and-development
#20
REVIEW
Ursula Theuretzbacher, Christine Årdal, Stephan Harbarth
There is now global recognition that antibiotic resistance is an emerging public health threat. Policy initiatives are underway to provide concrete suggestions for overcoming important obstacles in the fight against antibiotic resistance, like the alarming current paucity of antibacterial innovation. New economic models are needed as incentives for the discovery and development of novel antibacterial therapies especially for infections with too few patients today to justify private sector research and development (R&D) investments...
March 30, 2017: Infectious Disease Reports
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