keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Return on investment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162290/reduction-of-pharmaceutical-expenditure-by-a-drug-appropriateness-intervention-in-polymedicated-elderly-subjects-in-catalonia-spain
#1
Lluís Campins, Mateu Serra-Prat, Elisabet Palomera, Ignasi Bolibar, Miquel Àngel Martínez, Pedro Gallo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the monetary savings resulting from a pharmacist intervention on the appropriateness of prescribed drugs in community-dwelling polymedicated (≥8 drugs) elderly people (≥70 years). METHOD: An evaluation of pharmaceutical expenditure reduction was performed within a randomised, multicentre clinical trial. The study intervention consisted of a pharmacist evaluation of all drugs prescribed to each patient using the "Good Palliative-Geriatric Practice" algorithm and the "Screening Tool of Older Persons Prescriptions/Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment" criteria (STOPP/START)...
November 18, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160426/impact-assessment-of-an-automated-drug-dispensing-system-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#2
Débora de-Carvalho, José Luiz Alvim-Borges, Cristiana Maria Toscano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the costs and patient safety of a pilot implementation of an automated dispensing cabinet in a critical care unit of a private tertiary hospital in São Paulo/Brazil. METHODS: This study considered pre- (January-August 2013) and post- (October 2013-October 2014) intervention periods. We considered the time and cost of personnel, number of adverse events, audit adjustments to patient bills, and urgent requests and returns of medications to the central pharmacy...
October 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151089/capgras-syndrome-and-other-delusional-misidentification-syndromes
#3
Alain Barrelle, J-P Luauté
The delusional misidentification syndromes (DMS) are a group of disorders, characterized by patients mistaking the identity of people they know, although they recognize them physically. The term DMS is an umbrella term which may cover disorders whose definition extends to objects other than people, such as animals, places, or familiar material objects. The most common and best known DMS is Capgras syndrome. In this disorder, the misidentification leads to the delusional conviction that a close friend or relative has been replaced by an identical - or almost identical - "double," whose original has disappeared...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147056/organizing-integrated-health-care-services-to-meet-older-people-s-needs
#4
Islene Araujo de Carvalho, JoAnne Epping-Jordan, Anne Margriet Pot, Edward Kelley, Nuria Toro, Jotheeswaran A Thiyagarajan, John R Beard
In most countries, a fundamental shift in the focus of clinical care for older people is needed. Instead of trying to manage numerous diseases and symptoms in a disjointed fashion, the emphasis should be on interventions that optimize older people's physical and mental capacities over their life course and that enable them to do the things they value. This, in turn, requires a change in the way services are organized: there should be more integration within the health system and between health and social services...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136493/systems-thinking-and-simulation-modeling-to-inform-childhood-obesity-policy-and-practice
#5
Kenneth E Powell, Debra L Kibbe, Rachel Ferencik, Chris Soderquist, Mary Ann Phillips, Emily Anne Vall, Karen J Minyard
OBJECTIVES: In 2007, 31.7% of Georgia adolescents in grades 9-12 were overweight or obese. Understanding the impact of policies and interventions on obesity prevalence among young people can help determine statewide public health and policy strategies. This article describes a systems model, originally launched in 2008 and updated in 2014, that simulates the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034. METHODS: In 2008, using information from peer-reviewed reports and quantitative estimates by experts in childhood obesity, physical activity, nutrition, and health economics and policy, a group of legislators, legislative staff members, and experts trained in systems thinking and system dynamics modeling constructed a model simulating the impact of policy interventions on the prevalence of childhood obesity in Georgia through 2034...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135853/social-return-on-investment-a-new-approach-to-understanding-and-advocating-for-value-in-healthcare
#6
Catherine M Laing, Nancy J Moules
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the methodology of social return on investment (SROI) could be a way in which the value of a healthcare-related program (children's cancer camp) could be captured, evaluated, and communicated. BACKGROUND: The value of healthcare goes beyond what can be captured in financial terms; however, this is the most common type of value that is measured. The SROI methodology accounts for a broader concept of value by measuring social, environmental, and economic outcomes and uses monetary values to represent them...
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126411/thermal-conditions-during-early-life-influence-seasonal-maternal-strategies-in-the-three-spined-stickleback
#7
Sin-Yeon Kim, Neil B Metcalfe, Alberto da Silva, Alberto Velando
BACKGROUND: Conditions experienced by a female during early life may affect her reproductive strategies and maternal investment later in life. This effect of early environmental conditions is a potentially important mechanism by which animals can compensate for the negative impacts of climate change. In this study, we experimentally tested whether three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) change their maternal strategy according to environmental temperatures experienced earlier in life...
November 10, 2017: BMC Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123356/translational-research-in-oncology-implications-for-palliative-care
#8
Arunangshu Ghoshal
The label "translational research" (TR) has become ever more popular in the biomedical domain in recent years. It is usually presented as an attempt to bridge a supposed gap between knowledge produced at the laboratory bench and its use at the clinical bedside. This is claimed to help society harvest the benefits of its investments in scientific research. The past decade has witnessed a remarkable acceleration in the pace of translational cancer medicine - genome sequencing of various human cancers has been broadly deployed in drug discovery programs, diagnostic tests have been developed to predict molecularly targeted anticancer agents, advent of cancer immunotherapies, an enhanced appreciation of the complex interactions that exist between tumor cells and their microenvironment have revolutionized the management of cancers...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117804/a-systematic-review-of-occupational-health-and-safety-business-cases
#9
Geunjae Lee
Business cases are arguments developed to secure management commitment and approval for investment in an intervention. This systematic review evaluated 12 experimental and quasi-experimental studies on occupational health and safety interventions (OHSI) in various settings. The search engines used in this systematic review include PubMed, CINAHL, and Scopus. A cost and benefit analysis of OHSI was completed at the organizational level in these studies. The focus of this analysis included sample, design, theoretical framework, interventional strategies, and threats to validity and outcomes...
November 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112040/using-data-analytics-as-evidentiary-support-for-financial-outcome-success-in-nurse-led-population-based-clinics
#10
Shea Polancich, Jason Williamson, Cynthia S Selleck, Michele Talley, Jennifer Frank, Connie White-Williams, Maria R Shirey
Achieving the highest quality in health care requires organizations to develop clinical improvements that result in measurable outcomes for success. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate an example of clinical quality improvement through the use of data analytics to generate evidence for financial return on investment in two nurse-led, population-based clinics.
November 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107369/modeling-impacts-of-sea-level-rise-oil-price-and-management-strategy-on-the-costs-of-sustaining-mississippi-delta-marshes-with-hydraulic-dredging
#11
Adrian R H Wiegman, John W Day, Christopher F D'Elia, Jeffrey S Rutherford, James T Morris, Eric D Roy, Robert R Lane, David E Dismukes, Brian F Snyder
Over 25% of Mississippi River delta plain (MRDP) wetlands were lost over the past century. There is currently a major effort to restore the MRDP focused on a 50-year time horizon, a period during which the energy system and climate will change dramatically. We used a calibrated MRDP marsh elevation model to assess the costs of hydraulic dredging to sustain wetlands from 2016 to 2066 and 2016 to 2100 under a range of scenarios for sea level rise, energy price, and management regimes. We developed a subroutine to simulate dredging costs based on the price of crude oil and a project efficiency factor...
October 26, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102016/editorial-commentary-arthroscopic-simulation-training-need-not-be-expensive-to-be-effective
#12
EDITORIAL
Aman Dhawan
In a randomized controlled trial of arthroscopic training tools, the low-cost/low-fidelity Cigar Box Arthroscopy Trainer demonstrated equivalent efficacy to the validated, and more expensive, Anatomic Knee Arthroscopy Trainer (AKAT) in the training of novice arthroscopists using a validated scoring system, the Basic Arthroscopic Knee Skill Scoring System. As simulation training and formal surgical skills training is now mandatory, residency and fellowship programs are required to incorporate training modules and equipment to maximize learning while minimizing potential for patient harm...
November 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100609/economic-evaluations-of-alcohol-prevention-interventions-is-the-evidence-sufficient-a-review-of-methodological-challenges
#13
REVIEW
Sarah R Hill, Luke Vale, David Hunter, Emily Henderson, Yemi Oluboyede
Public health interventions have unique characteristics compared to health technologies, which present additional challenges for economic evaluation (EE). High quality EEs that are able to address the particular methodological challenges are important for public health decision-makers. In England, they are even more pertinent given the transition of public health responsibilities in 2013 from the National Health Service to local government authorities where new agents are shaping policy decisions. Addressing alcohol misuse is a globally prioritised public health issue...
October 27, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095894/suicides-as-a-response-to-adverse-market-sentiment-1980-2016
#14
Pankaj Agrrawal, Doug Waggle, Daniel H Sandweiss
Financial crises inflict significant human as well as economic hardship. This paper focuses on the human fallout of capital market stress. Financial stress-induced behavioral changes can manifest in higher suicide and murder-suicide rates. We find that these rates also correlate with the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate (negatively associated; a -0.25% drop [in the rate of change in annual suicides for a +1% change in the independent variable]), unemployment rate (positive link; 0.298% increase), inflation rate (positive link; 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094320/rare-diseases-drug-discovery-and-informatics-resource
#15
REVIEW
Mingzhu Zhao, Dong-Qing Wei
A rare disease refers to any disease with very low prevalence individually. Although the impacted population is small for a single disease, more than 6000 rare diseases affect millions of people across the world. Due to the small market size, high cost and possibly low return on investment, only in recent years, the research and development of rare disease drugs have gradually risen globally, in several domains including gene therapy, enzyme replacement therapy, and drug repositioning. Due to the complex etiology and heterogeneous symptoms, there is a large gap between basic research and patient unmet needs for rare disease drug discovery...
November 1, 2017: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092030/social-media-return-on-investment-how-much-is-it-worth-to-my-practice
#16
Daniel J Gould, Sheila Nazarian
Background: Plastic surgeons are rapidly integrating social media into their practices and recent articles on the subject have exploded in the literature. Although social media is being evaluated as a tool, few have actually been able to quantify the impact of social media on a practice. Objectives: To quantify the return on investment for social media in a plastic surgery practice. Methods: The ideal method for this type of study is a new practice, without preexisting clients and with a broad approach to marketing to examine the effects of multiple marketing tools...
October 28, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090659/economic-analysis-of-a-hypothetical-bamboo-biochar-plant-in-zhejiangprovince-china
#17
Tao Zhang, Fang Liang, Wanhe Hu, Xiaomeng Yang, Hongzhong Xiang, Ge Wang, Benhua Fei, Zhijia Liu
Significant quantities of bamboo waste are generated in Zhejiang province, China. Many small businesses in this area convert this waste to biochar for use as a cooking fuel (in residential barbecues). This case study was conducted to evaluate the potential economic benefits of building and operating an industrial-sized plant in this province, yielding 500 tonnes per year. The researchers developed a conceptual design for a hypothetical biochar plant and then calculated net present value (NPV), investment payback period (PBP), internal rate of return (IRR), and sensitivity analysis...
October 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081998/assessing-value-for-money-in-maternal-and-newborn-health
#18
REVIEW
Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Barbara Madaj, Shubha Kumar, Charles Ameh, Nynke van den Broek
Responding to increasing demands to demonstrate value-for-money (VfM) for maternal and newborn health interventions, and in the absence of VfM analysis in peer-reviewed literature, this paper reviews VfM components and methods, critiques their applicability, strengths and weakness and proposes how VfM assessments can be improved. VfM comprises four components: economy, efficiency, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness. Both 'economy' and 'efficiency' can be assessed with detailed cost analysis utilising costs obtained from programme accounting data or generic cost databases...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081993/is-more-research-always-needed-estimating-optimal-sample-sizes-for-trials-of-retention-in-care-interventions-for-hiv-positive-east-africans
#19
Jennifer Uyei, Lingfeng Li, R Scott Braithwaite
INTRODUCTION: Given the serious health consequences of discontinuing antiretroviral therapy, randomised control trials of interventions to improve retention in care may be warranted. As funding for global HIV research is finite, it may be argued that choices about sample size should be tied to maximising health. METHODS: For an East African setting, we calculated expected value of sample information and expected net benefit of sampling to identify the optimal sample size (greatest return on investment) and to quantify net health gains associated with research...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073167/revealed-willingness-to-pay-versus-standard-cost-effectiveness-thresholds-evidence-from-the-south-african-hiv-investment-case
#20
Gesine Meyer-Rath, Craig van Rensburg, Bruce Larson, Lise Jamieson, Sydney Rosen
BACKGROUND: The use of cost-effectiveness thresholds based on a country's income per capita has been criticized for not being relevant to decision making, in particular in middle-income countries such as South Africa. The recent South African HIV Investment Case produced an alternative cost-effectiveness threshold for HIV prevention and treatment interventions based on estimates of life years saved and the country's committed HIV budget. METHODS: We analysed the optimal mix of HIV interventions over a baseline of the current HIV programme under the committed HIV budget for 2016-2018...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
93917
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"