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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735447/cost-benefit-analysis-of-two-child-abuse-and-neglect-primary-prevention-programs-for-us-states
#1
Cora Peterson, Curtis Florence, Robert Thomas, Joanne Klevens
We assessed the US state-level budget and societal impact of implementing two child abuse and neglect (CAN) primary prevention programs. CAN cost estimates and data from two prevention programs (Child-Parent Centers and Nurse-Family Partnership) were combined with current population, cost, and CAN incidence data by US state. A cost-benefit mathematical model for each program by US state compared program costs with the future monetary value of benefits from reduced CAN. The models used a lifetime time horizon from government payer and societal perspectives...
July 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735210/moisture-content-prediction-in-poultry-litter-using-artificial-intelligence-techniques-and-monte-carlo-simulation-to-determine-the-economic-yield-from-energy-use
#2
José Octavio Rico-Contreras, Alberto Alfonso Aguilar-Lasserre, Juan Manuel Méndez-Contreras, Jhony Josué López-Andrés, Gabriela Cid-Chama
The objective of this study is to determine the economic return of poultry litter combustion in boilers to produce bioenergy (thermal and electrical), as this biomass has a high-energy potential due to its component elements, using fuzzy logic to predict moisture and identify the high-impact variables. This is carried out using a proposed 7-stage methodology, which includes a statistical analysis of agricultural systems and practices to identify activities contributing to moisture in poultry litter (for example, broiler chicken management, number of air extractors, and avian population density), and thereby reduce moisture to increase the yield of the combustion process...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727623/return-on-investment-evaluating-the-evidence-regarding-financial-outcomes-of-workplace-wellness-programs
#3
Julie A Astrella
Workplace wellness programs are expected to reduce employee healthcare costs, increase productivity, and provide a positive return on investment. A review of the literature from 2000 to 2016 was conducted to determine whether workplace wellness programs deliver a positive economic impact. Individual financial metrics and results varied; 6 of 7 studies reported a positive economic impact. Additional study is recommended because of the high-degree variability and lack of longitudinal data.
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720631/accrued-cost-savings-of-a-free-clinic-using-quality-adjusted-life-years-saved-and-return-on-investment
#4
Jim Sanders, Marcus Lacey, Clare E Guse
INTRODUCTION: Savings garnered through the provision of preventive services is a form of profit for health systems. Free clinics have been using this logic to demonstrate their cost-savings. The Community-Based Chronic Disease Management (CCDM) clinic treats hypertension using nurse-led teams, clinical protocols, and community-based settings. METHODS: We calculated CCDM's cost-effectiveness from 2007 to 2013 using 2 metrics: Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) saved and return on investment (ROI)...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716198/herd-specific-interventions-to-reduce-antimicrobial-usage-in-pig-production-without-jeopardising-technical-and-economic-performance
#5
L Collineau, C Rojo-Gimeno, A Léger, A Backhans, S Loesken, E Okholm Nielsen, M Postma, U Emanuelson, E Grosse Beilage, M Sjölund, E Wauters, K D C Stärk, J Dewulf, C Belloc, S Krebs
Pig farmers are strongly encouraged to reduce their antimicrobial usage in order to reduce the risk of antimicrobial resistance. Herd-level intervention is needed to achieve national and European reduction targets. Alternative, especially preventive measures, have to be implemented to reduce the need for antimicrobial treatments. However, little is known about the feasibility, effectiveness and return on investment of such measures. The objective of this study was to assess, across four countries, the technical and economic impact of herd-specific interventions aiming at reducing antimicrobial usage in pig production while implementing alternative measures...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713314/when-advisors-true-intentions-are-in-question-how-do-bank-customers-cope-with-uncertainty-in-financial-consultancies
#6
Barbara Mackinger, Eva Jonas, Christina Mühlberger
When making financial decisions bank customers are confronted with two types of uncertainty: first, return on investments is uncertain and there is a risk of losing money. Second, customers cannot be certain about their financial advisor's true intentions. This might decrease customers' willingness to cooperate with advisors. However, the uncertainty management model and fairness heuristic theory predict that in uncertain situations customers are willing to cooperate with financial advisors when they perceive fairness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711849/fertilizer-efficiency-in-wheat-is-reduced-by-ozone-pollution
#7
Malin C Broberg, Johan Uddling, Gina Mills, Håkan Pleijel
Inefficient use of fertilizers by crops increases the risk of nutrient leaching from agro-ecosystems, resulting in economic loss and environmental contamination. We investigated how ground-level ozone affects the efficiency by which wheat used applied nitrogen (N) fertilizer to produce grain protein (NEP, N efficiency with respect to protein yield) and grain yield (NEY, N efficiency with respect to grain yield) across a large number of open-top chamber field experiments. Our results show significant negative ozone effects on NEP and NEY, both for a larger data set obtained from data mining (21 experiments, 70 treatments), and a subset of data for which stomatal ozone flux estimates were available (7 experiments, 22 treatments)...
July 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699542/community-cost-benefit-discussions-that-launched-the-camino-verde-intervention-in-nicaragua
#8
Carlos Hernandez-Alvarez, Jorge Arosteguí, Harold Suazo-Laguna, Rosa Maria Reyes, Josefina Coloma, Eva Harris, Neil Andersson, Robert J Ledogar
BACKGROUND: Recent literature on community intervention research stresses system change as a condition for durable impact. This involves highly participatory social processes leading to behavioural change. METHODS: Before launching the intervention in the Nicaraguan arm of Camino Verde, a cluster-randomised controlled trial to show that pesticide-free community mobilisation adds effectiveness to conventional dengue controls, we held structured discussions with leaders of intervention communities on costs of dengue illness and dengue control measures taken by both government and households...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695605/returns-to-scientific-publications-for-pharmaceutical-products-in-the-united-states
#9
Julia F Slejko, Anirban Basu, Sean D Sullivan
Drug-specific clinical and health economic and outcomes research (HEOR) publications have amassed, but their effect on drug sales is largely unknown. We estimated the impact of publications on pharmaceutical sales in 3 markets (statins, rheumatoid arthritis, and asthma drugs) with varying generic competition. An event-study approach with fixed effects and difference-in-fixed-effects modeling was used to estimate the causal effects of drug-specific publications on subsequent quarter's drug-specific sales and volume...
July 10, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694275/the-chief-primary-care-medical-officer-restoring-continuity
#10
Noemi Doohan, Jennifer DeVoe
The year 2016 marked the 20th anniversary of the hospitalist profession, with more than 50,000 physicians identifying as hospitalists. The Achilles heel of hospitalist medicine, however, is discontinuity. Despite many current payment and delivery systems rewarding this discontinuity and severing long-term relationships between patient and primary care teams at the hospital door, primary care does not stop being important when a person is admitted to the hospital. The notion of a broken primary care continuum is not an academic construct, it causes real harm to patients...
July 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692009/potential-economic-benefits-of-paid-sick-leave-in-reducing-absenteeism-related-to-the-spread-of-influenza-like-illness
#11
Abay Asfaw, Roger Rosa, Regina Pana-Cryan
OBJECTIVE: Most U.S. employers are not required to provide paid sick leave (PSL), and there is limited information on the economic return of providing PSL. We estimated potential benefits to employers of PSL in reducing absenteeism related to the spread of influenza-like illness (ILI). METHODS: We used nationally representative data and a negative binomial random effects model to estimate the impact of PSL in reducing overall absence due to illness or injury. We used published data to compute the share of ILI from the total days of absence, ILI transmission rates at workplaces, wages, and other parameters...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686700/rates-of-return-to-sorghum-and-millet-research-investments-a-meta-analysis
#12
Yacob A Zereyesus, Timothy J Dalton
Sorghum and millet grow in some of the most heterogeneous and austere agroecologies around the world. These crops are amongst the top five cereal sources of food and feed. Yet, few studies document the impact of sorghum and millet genetic enhancement. The Internal Rate of Return (ROR) is one of the most popular metrics used to measure the economic return on investment on agricultural research and development (R&D). This study conducted a meta-analysis of 59 sorghum and millet ROR estimates obtained from 25 sources published between 1958 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686028/correction-to-determination-of-cell-doubling-times-from-the-return-on-investment-time-of-photosynthetic-vesicles-based-on-atomic-detail-structural-models
#13
Andrew Hitchcock, C Neil Hunter, Melih Sener
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685850/return-on-investment-roi-analyses-of-an-inpatient-lay-health-worker-model-on-30-day-readmission-rates-in-a-rural-community-hospital
#14
Roberto Cardarelli, Gregory Bausch, Joan Murdock, Michelle Renee Chyatte
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the return-on-investment (ROI) of an inpatient lay health worker (LHW) model in a rural Appalachian community hospital impacting 30-day readmission rates. METHODS: The Bridges to Home (BTH) study completed an evaluation in 2015 of an inpatient LHW model in a rural Kentucky hospital that demonstrated a reduction in 30-day readmission rates by 47.7% compared to a baseline period. Using the hospital's utilization and financial data, a validated ROI calculator specific to care transition programs was used to assess the ROI of the BTH model comparing 3 types of payment models including Diagnosis Related Group (DRG)-only payments, pay-for-performance (P4P) contracts, and accountable care organizations (ACOs)...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669559/intramural-pilot-funding-and-internal-grant-reviews-increase-research-capacity-at-a-school-of-nursing
#15
Kristine M Kulage, Elaine L Larson
BACKGROUND: Strategies for increasing research capacity such as internal funding mechanisms and internal peer reviews for grants are essential for schools of nursing. Although these are documented in the literature, their processes and outcomes have not been reported. PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to describe three protocols for building research capacity at a school of nursing-intramural pilot grants, Specific Aims, Objective Reviews, and mock reviews-and quantify their outcomes...
June 10, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654698/the-future-of-the-london-buy-to-let-property-market-simulation-with-temporal-bayesian-networks
#16
Anthony C Constantinou, Norman Fenton
In 2015 the British government announced a number of major tax reforms for individual landlords. To give landlords time to adjust, some of these tax measures are being introduced gradually from April 2017, with full effect in tax year 2020/21. The changes in taxation have received much media attention since there has been widespread belief that the new measures were sufficiently skewed against landlords that they could signal the end of the Buy-To-Let (BTL) investment era in the UK. This paper assesses the prospective performance of BTL investments in London from the investor's perspective, and examines the impact of incoming tax reforms using a novel Temporal Bayesian Network model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652256/fundamental-cardiovascular-research-returns-on-societal-investment-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#17
REVIEW
Joseph A Hill, Reza Ardehali, Kimberli Taylor Clarke, Gregory J Del Zoppo, Lee L Eckhardt, Kathy K Griendling, Peter Libby, Dan M Roden, Hesham A Sadek, Christine E Seidman, Douglas E Vaughan
Recent decades have witnessed robust successes in conquering the acutely lethal manifestations of heart and vascular diseases. Many patients who previously would have died now survive. Lifesaving successes like these provide a tremendous and easily recognized benefit to individuals and society. Although cardiovascular mortality has declined, the devastating impact of chronic heart disease and comorbidities on quality of life and healthcare resources continues unabated. Future strides, extending those made in recent decades, will require continued research into mechanisms underlying disease prevention, pathogenesis, progression, and therapeutic intervention...
June 26, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640028/assessing-and-communicating-the-value-of-biomedical-research-results-from-a-pilot-study
#18
Susan Guthrie, Joachim Krapels, Alexandra Adams, Philip Alberti, Ann Bonham, Bryn Garrod, Sarah Esmond, Caitlin Scott, Gavin Cochrane, Steven Wooding
PURPOSE: Assessing the impact of research requires an approach that is sensitive both to the context of the research and the perspective of the stakeholders trying to understand its benefits. Here, the authors report on a pilot that applied such an approach to research conducted at the Collaborative Center for Health Equity (CCHE) of the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. METHOD: The pilot assessed the academic impact of CCHE's work; the networks between CCHE and community partners; and the reach of CCHE's programs, including an attempt to estimate return on investment (ROI)...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639989/use-of-expenditure-analysis-to-enhance-returns-on-investments-in-hiv-services
#19
Brian Honermann, Richael O'Hagan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Globally, the response to the HIV epidemic is at a crisis point. International investments in the HIV response have been essentially flat for 8 years and domestic budgets in low and middle-income countries - still recovering from the global recession - have not been able to fill the resource gap to drive a full-fledged HIV response. Still, efficiencies and prioritization of evidence-based interventions enable a significant scale-up of treatment, but millions more people remain without treatment...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636311/insights-into-integrated-lead-generation-and-target-identification-in-malaria-and-tuberculosis-drug-discovery
#20
John Okombo, Kelly Chibale
New, safe and effective drugs are urgently needed to treat and control malaria and tuberculosis, which affect millions of people annually. However, financial return on investment in the poor settings where these diseases are mostly prevalent is very minimal to support market-driven drug discovery and development. Moreover, the imminent loss of therapeutic lifespan of existing therapies due to evolution and spread of drug resistance further compounds the urgency to identify novel effective drugs. However, the advent of new public-private partnerships focused on tropical diseases and the recent release of large data sets by pharmaceutical companies on antimalarial and antituberculosis compounds derived from phenotypic whole cell high throughput screening have spurred renewed interest and opened new frontiers in malaria and tuberculosis drug discovery...
June 21, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
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