keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cervix length

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217665/elastographic-measurement-of-the-cervix-during-pregnancy-current-status-and-future-challenges
#1
REVIEW
Hyunjung Kim, Han Sung Hwang
The cervix is a cylindrical structure that is proximally connected to the uterus and distally to the vaginal cavity. The Bishop score has been used to evaluate the cervix during pregnancy. However, alternatives have been evaluated because the Bishop score is uncomfortable for patients, relies on a subjective examination, and lacks internal os data. Elastography has been used to assess the cervix, as it can estimate tissue stiffness. Recent articles on elastography for cervical assessment during pregnancy have focused on its usefulness for prediction of preterm birth and successful labor induction...
January 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178045/assessment-of-transvaginal-ultrasound-cervical-length-image-quality
#2
Rupsa C Boelig, Helen Feltovich, Jean Lea Spitz, Gregory Toland, Vincenzo Berghella, Jay D Iams
OBJECTIVE: To use data from the Cervical Length Education and Review program to evaluate the quality of transvaginal cervical length ultrasonography by trained imagers (ie, ultrasonographers, radiologists, perinatologists). METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of data from the Cervical Length Education and Review program. Candidates underwent an online lecture series, examination, and submitted a batch of images for review. For a candidate's batch of images to pass, all images must meet at least seven of the nine criteria assessed, the overall batch score needs to be 80% or greater, correct caliper placement must be met for all images, and the same criterion cannot be consistently missed...
March 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169196/patterns-of-care-of-cervical-cancer-in-the-elderly-a-qualitative-literature-review
#3
Venkatesulu Bhanu Prasad, Supriya Mallick, G K Rath
INTRODUCTION: Cancer of the uterine cervix is the fourth most common cancer worldwide among women. However, there is limited data about elderly cervical cancer patients and gross underrepresentation of elderly patients in clinical trials. Hence, the optimal therapy of such patients is not well formulated. METHODOLOGY: We conducted this systematic review of evidence to assess patterns of care in elderly patients with cervical cancer. RESULTS: A total of 17,338 publications are reported in PubMed until July, 2016 pertaining to cervical cancer...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166925/-is-universal-screening-for-cervical-length-among-singleton-pregnancies-with-no-history-of-preterm-birth-justified
#4
P Rozenberg
The ultrasonographic measurement of cervical length with a cutoff of 15mm is currently the best method to identify a group of asymptomatic women in the general population at risk of spontaneous preterm birth, especially among asymptomatic patients with a singleton pregnancy with no history of preterm birth. Cerclage and 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17OHP-C) are ineffective to reduce the risk of preterm birth among asymptomatic patients with a short cervix in midtrimester. However, vaginal progesterone (200-mg capsules of micronized progesterone or gel containing 90mg progesterone) has been demonstrated effective in 2 large randomized trials to reduce the risk of preterm birth and possibly the composite morbidity and perinatal mortality associated among asymptomatic women with a short cervix in the general population screened by ultrasound of the cervix in midtrimester...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157642/cervicovaginal-agenesis-treated-with-modified-yang-monti-technique-in-two-steps-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
J Acosta-León, A Pantoja-Rojas, J R Corona-Rivera, E López-Marure, C F Ploneda-Valencia
INTRODUCTION: Müllerian duct anomalies are rare with less than 200 cases published in the literature. Recently, the implementation of the Yang-Monti principle for the creation of the neovagina has been used in 10 previous published cases. Here, we report the first case of cervicovaginal agenesis treated with the modified Yang-Monti technique in two steps in México. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 14-year-old female presented to the pediatric consult with a history of primary amenorrhea and a chronic-cyclic pelvic pain...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153654/reduction-of-total-labour-length-through-the-addition-of-parenteral-dextrose-solution-in-induction-of-labor-in-nulliparous-results-of-dextrons-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Josianne Paré, Jean-Charles Pasquier, Antoine Lewin, William Fraser, Yves-André Bureau
BACKGROUND: Prolonged labor is a significant cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and very few interventions are known to shorten labor course. Skeletal muscle physiology suggests that glucose supplementation might improve muscle performance in case of prolonged exercise and this situation is analogous to the gravid uterus during delivery. Therefore, it seemed imperative to evaluate the impact of adding carbohydrate supplements on the course of labor. OBJECTIVE(S): To provide evidence as to whether IV glucose supplementation during labor induction in nulliparous women can reduce total duration of active labor...
January 28, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145653/maternal-characteristics-short-mid-trimester-cervical-length-and-preterm-delivery
#7
Soo Hyun Cho, Kyo Hoon Park, Eun Young Jung, Jung Kyung Joo, Ji Ae Jang, Ha Na Yoo
We aimed to determine the maternal characteristics (demographics, an obstetric history, and prior cervical excisional procedure) associated with a short mid-trimester cervical length (CL, defined as a CL of ≤ 25 mm) and whether having a short cervix explains the association between these maternal characteristics and spontaneous preterm delivery (SPTD, defined as a delivery before 34 weeks). This is a single-center retrospective cohort study of 3,296 consecutive women with a singleton pregnancy who underwent routine CL measurement between 20 and 24 weeks...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103952/the-interaction-between-vaginal-microbiota-cervical-length-and-vaginal-progesterone-treatment-for-preterm-birth-risk
#8
Lindsay M Kindinger, Phillip R Bennett, Yun S Lee, Julian R Marchesi, Ann Smith, Stefano Cacciatore, Elaine Holmes, Jeremy K Nicholson, T G Teoh, David A MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the primary cause of infant death worldwide. A short cervix in the second trimester of pregnancy is a risk factor for preterm birth. In specific patient cohorts, vaginal progesterone reduces this risk. Using 16S rRNA gene sequencing, we undertook a prospective study in women at risk of preterm birth (n = 161) to assess (1) the relationship between vaginal microbiota and cervical length in the second trimester and preterm birth risk and (2) the impact of vaginal progesterone on vaginal bacterial communities in women with a short cervix...
January 19, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079869/racial-and-social-predictors-of-longitudinal-cervical-measures-the-cervical-ultrasound-study
#9
E W Harville, K S Miller, L R Knoepp
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the racial and socioeconomic disparities are present in adverse cervical parameters, and, if so, when such disparities develop. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort study was conducted. 175 women with a prior preterm birth had up to four endovaginal ultrasounds between gestational weeks 16 and 24 (Cervical Ultrasound Trial of the MFMU). Each sociodemographic factor (race/ethnicity, marital status, insurance funding and education) was examined as a predictor of short cervix or U/funnel shape, using multiple logistic and linear regression...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068594/prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-from-the-french-college-of-gynaecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#10
REVIEW
Loïc Sentilhes, Marie-Victoire Sénat, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Elie Azria, Guillaume Benoist, Julie Blanc, Gilles Brabant, Florence Bretelle, Stéphanie Brun, Muriel Doret, Chantal Ducroux-Schouwey, Anne Evrard, Gilles Kayem, Emeline Maisonneuve, Louis Marcellin, Stéphane Marret, Nicolas Mottet, Sabine Paysant, Didier Riethmuller, Patrick Rozenberg, Thomas Schmitz, Héloïse Torchin, Bruno Langer
In France, 60,000 neonates are born preterm every year (7.4%), half of them after the spontaneous onset of labor. Among preventable risk factors of spontaneous prematurity, only cessation of smoking is associated with decreased prematurity (level of evidence [LE]1). It is therefore recommended (Grade A). Routine screening and treatment of vaginal bacteriosis is not recommended in the general population (Grade A). The only population for which vaginal progesterone is recommended is that comprising asymptomatic women with singleton pregnancies, no history of preterm delivery, and a short cervix at 16-24 weeks of gestation (Grade B)...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067007/vaginal-progesterone-decreases-preterm-birth-and-neonatal-morbidity-and-mortality-in-women-with-a-twin-gestation-and-a-short-cervix-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data
#11
REVIEW
Roberto Romero, Agustin Conde-Agudelo, Waleed El-Refaie, Line Rode, Maria L Brizot, Elcin Cetingoz, Vicente Serra, Eduardo Da Fonseca, Mohamed S Abdelhafez, Ann Tabor, Alfredo Perales, Sonia S Hassan, Kypros H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of vaginal progesterone for the prevention of preterm birth and neonatal morbidity and mortality in asymptomatic women with a twin gestation and a sonographic short cervix (cervical length ≤25 mm) in the midtrimester. METHODS: Updated systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data from randomized controlled trials comparing vaginal progesterone with placebo/no treatment in women with a twin gestation and a midtrimester sonographic cervical length ≤25 mm...
January 9, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042992/are-rapidly-growing-cancers-more-lethal
#12
Hans-Olov Adami, Peter Csermely, Daniel V Veres, Louise Emilsson, Magnus Løberg, Michael Bretthauer, Mette Kalager
The view, that rapidly growing tumours are more likely than slow-growing tumours to metastasize and become lethal, has remained almost axiomatic for decades. Unaware of any solid evidence supporting this view, we undertook an exhaustive system-level analysis of intra- and intercellular signalling networks. This analysis indicated that rapid growth and metastasis are often different outcomes of complex integrated molecular events. Evidence from humans can be derived chiefly from screening interventions because interval cancers that surface clinically shortly after a negative screening test are, on average, more rapidly growing than cancers not detected by screening...
February 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029462/-prediction-of-preterm-delivery-in-symptomatic-women-preterm-labor
#13
G Benoist
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the predictors of spontaneous preterm birth in case of preterm labor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature search in Medline and Cochrane databases and recommendations of international societies. Selection of studies in symptomatic women (with preterm labor). RESULTS: Preterm labor is defined as a clinical situation occurring between 22 and 36 weeks + 6 days, in which cervical changes are observed associated with uterine contractions, evolving spontaneously or not to preterm delivery (Professional consensus)...
October 28, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029461/-prevention-of-preterm-birth-by-uterine-cervical-cerclage
#14
L Marcellin
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature on cervical insufficiency and indications of cervical cerclage cervix. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and international obstetrical societies between 1972 and June 2016 have been consulted. RESULTS: Cervical insufficiency is a pathophysiological concept and to date no consensual definition is available: the diagnosis is clinical and discussed retrospectively in case of patients with a history of late miscarriages and/or spontaneous preterm delivery, with asymptomatic dilatation of the cervix (professional consensus)...
October 29, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025684/utility-of-anterior-vaginal-wall-length-measurement-in-vaginal-reconstructive-surgery
#15
Amy F Collins, Paula J Doyle, Smitha Vilasagar, Gunhilde M Buchsbaum
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The pelvic organ prolapse quantification system (POP-Q) is the most commonly used method to quantify the extent of pelvic organ prolapse. However, it does not include assessment of anterior vaginal wall length (AVL). The objectives of this study were to characterize AVL and distance to the sacrospinous ligament (SSL), and to examine associations between total vaginal length (TVL), AVL, body mass index (BMI) and age. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of 139 patients with cervix in situ presenting during an 8-month period for initial evaluation to the University of Rochester Medical Center Urogynecology practice...
December 26, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992933/sonographic-cervical-shortening-after-labor-induction-is-a-predictor-of-vaginal-delivery
#16
Ugo Indraccolo, Gennaro Scutiero, Pantaleo Greco
Objective Analyzing if the sonographic evaluation of the cervix (cervical shortening) is a prognostic marker for vaginal delivery. Methods Women who underwent labor induction by using dinoprostone were enrolled. Before the induction and three hours after it, the cervical length was measured by ultrasonography to obtain the cervical shortening. The cervical shortening was introduced in logistic regression models among independent variables and for calculating receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves...
December 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974821/tracking-the-impact-of-excisional-cervical-treatment-on-the-cervix-using-biospectroscopy
#17
Diane E Halliwell, Maria Kyrgiou, Anita Mitra, Ilkka Kalliala, Evangelos Paraskevaidis, Georgios Theophilou, Pierre L Martin-Hirsch, Francis L Martin
Local excisional treatment for cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN) is linked to significant adverse sequelae including preterm birth, with cone depth and radicality of treatment correlating to the frequency and severity of adverse events. Attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy can detect underlying cervical disease more accurately than conventional cytology. The chemical profile of cells pre- and post-treatment may differ as a result of altered biochemical processes due to excision, or treatment of the disease...
December 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936911/bacterial-and-cytokine-mixtures-predict-the-length-of-gestation-and-are-associated-with-mirna-expression-in-the-cervix
#18
Alison P Sanders, Chris Gennings, Katherine Svensson, Valeria Motta, Adriana Mercado-Garcia, Maritsa Solano, Andrea A Baccarelli, Martha M Tellez-Rojo, Robert O Wright, Heather H Burris
AIM: Bacterial vaginosis may lead to preterm birth through epigenetic programming of the inflammatory response, specifically via miRNA expression. METHODS: We quantified bacterial 16S rRNA, cytokine mRNA and 800 miRNA from cervical swabs obtained from 80 women at 16-19 weeks' gestation. We generated bacterial and cytokine indices using weighted quantile sum regression and examined associations with miRNA and gestational age at delivery. RESULTS & DISCUSSION: Each decile of the bacterial and cytokine indices was associated with shorter gestations (p < 0...
January 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928435/a-debate-about-ultrasound-and-anatomic-aspects-of-the-cervix-in-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#19
REVIEW
Bohîlțea Re, Munteanu O, Turcan N, Baros A, Bodean O, Voicu D, Cîrstoiu Mm
Preterm birth is the legal first global cause of neonatal death. The cervix has two roles: it has to stay closed to allow the fetus to undergo a normal development during gestation, and at term, the cervix has to dilate under the pressure of uterine contractions to allow the delivery. The purpose of this article is to establish if the ultrasound measured length of the cervix and its appearance are predictive for the spontaneous preterm birth. Cervical insufficiency can be described by painless cervical dilatation leading to pregnancy losses/ births, with no other risk factors present...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915496/cervical-pessary-for-preventing-preterm-birth-in-twin-pregnancies-with-short-cervical-length-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Gabriele Saccone, Andrea Ciardulli, Serena Xodo, Lorraine Dugoff, Jack Ludmir, Francesco D'Antonio, Simona Boito, Elena Olearo, Carmela Votino, Giuseppe Maria Maruotti, Giuseppe Rizzo, Pasquale Martinelli, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of cervical pessary for preventing spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB) in twin pregnancies with an asymptomatic transvaginal ultrasound cervical length (TVU CL) in the second trimester. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis including all randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing the use of cervical pessary (i.e. intervention group) with expectant management (i.e. control group). The primary outcome was incidence of SPTB <34 weeks...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
keyword
keyword
93914
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"