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parathyroid adenoma after autotransplantation of parathyroid gland

Jacek Gawrychowski, Ryszard Mucha, Michał Paliga, Henryk Koziołek, Grzegorz Buła
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study was to assess the results of operative treatment of patients with tertiary hyperparathyroidism (tHPT) after kidney transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 30 patients in whom kidney transplantation was performed between 2006 and 2013, and in whom parathyroidectomy had to be performed at a later time because of tHPT. There were 17 (56.7%) women and 13 (43,3%) men in the group, aged 18-64, mean 46.1 years. In order to locate the lesion before the operation, all patients had to undergo USG, and 14 had scintigraphy MIBI in addition...
2015: Endokrynologia Polska
Yusuke Shibata, Masanori Yamazaki, Masahiro Takei, Shinya Uchino, Akihiro Sakurai, Mitsuhisa Komatsu
Hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome (HPT-JT) is a rare autosomal dominant hereditary tumor syndrome characterized by synchronous or metachronous occurrence of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), ossifying fibroma of the maxilla and/or mandible, renal tumor and uterine tumors. Early diagnosis of this syndrome is essential because it is associated with increased risk of parathyroid cancer. A 30-year-old man with urolithiasis had severe hypercalcemia (15.0 mg/dL after correction) induced by inappropriate parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion (intact PTH 1390 pg/mL), indicating severe PHPT...
2015: Endocrine Journal
Oliwia Anna Segiet, Marek Michalski, Marlena Brzozowa-Zasada, Adam Piecuch, Małgorzata Żaba, Krzysztof Helewski, Andrzej Gabriel, Romuald Wojnicz
Angiogenesis can be described as a formation of new vessels from the existing microvasculature and is a process of great importance to the tumor development. Parathyroid tissue can trigger spontaneous induction of angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo models in a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-dependent manner. Autotransplantated parathyroid tissue after thyroidectomy is able to form new vasculature and produce parathormone, maintaining calcium homeostasis. A great amount of factors contributes to the process of new vessel formation in primary hyperparathyroidism, such as VEGF, transforming growth factor β, and angiopoietins...
April 2015: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Qingqing He, Dayong Zhuang, Luming Zheng, Ziyi Fan, Peng Zhou, Jian Zhu, Songjian Duan, Yanning Li, Yanming Ge, Zhen Lv, Lei Cao
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate total parathyroidectomy with trace amounts of parathyroid tissue (30 mg) as a surgical option in secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) treatment. METHODS: From January 2008 to March 2012, 47 patients underwent parathyroidectomy. Comparisons of demographic data, symptoms, and preoperative or postoperative biochemistry were made between total parathyroidectomy with trace amounts of parathyroid tissue autotransplantation group and total parathyroidectomy group...
2014: BMC Surgery
Kentaro Nakai, Hideki Fujii, Koichiro Maeno, Kotaro Nishida, Akira Kobayashi, Jeongsoo Shin, Shigeo Hara, Shinichi Nishi
Ectopic parathyroid glands are detected occasionally, especially in cases of recurrent hyperparathyroidism after initial parathyroidectomy. Their ectopic locations usually result from faulty migration during embryogenesis. Ectopic parathyroid glands can be found within the thyroid gland, thymus, mediastinum, carotid sheath, or retropharynx, which lie along the path of their normal migration. Here we report a rare case of parathyroid adenoma adjacent to the thoracic spine in a hemodialysis patient who had undergone parathyroidectomy previously...
January 2014: Clinical Nephrology
Ayman Agha, Martin Loss, Hans Jürgen Schlitt, Marcus N Scherer
Recurrence of secondary hyperparathyroidism (rSHPT) in patients after total parathyroidectomy (TPTX) with autotransplantation (AT) represents a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate rSHPT in patients after TPTX with AT and the subsequent surgical treatment. 112 patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (surgery 1998-2008) were evaluated. In 16 patients, rSHPT was detected, while all of them had been originally operated with TPTX, cervical thymectomy and AT...
May 2012: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Jae Hyun Park, Sang-Wook Kang, Jong Ju Jeong, Kee-Hyun Nam, Hang Seok Chang, Woong Youn Chung, Cheong Soo Park
Tertiary hyperparathyroidism (tHPT) most commonly refers to a persistent secondary hyperparathyroidism even after successful renal transplantation. Parathyroidectomy (PTX) is an efficient method for treatment of tHPT. In this study, we examined our 31-year experience with patients who underwent PTX for tHPT after KTX and assessed the effects of PTX on graft function according to the type of surgery. Among 2,981 recipients who underwent renal allograft between April 1979 and Dec. 2010, 15 patients (0.5%) were identified as having tHPT and underwent PTX...
2011: Endocrine Journal
Miguel Echenique Elizondo, Francisco Javier Díaz-Aguirregoitia, José Antonio Amondarain, Fernando Vidaur
In the setting of total parathyroidectomy and autotransplantation surgery (TPT x AS) as treatment for secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), we evaluated whether intraoperative parathyroid hormone (iPTH) monitoring is useful as a reference for total parathyroid removal. We conducted a prospective, open, single value measurement efficacy study of the intraoperative (i.o.) diagnostic monitoring of iPTH in a cohort of surgical patients. All patients (n = 25) underwent TPT x AS at the Department of Surgery, Donostia Hospital from January 2002 to October 2004...
November 2005: World Journal of Surgery
V G Calcutt, R Franco-Saenz, L B Morrow, P J Mulrow
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of "double-phase" technetium-99m-sestamibi scanning in the localization of abnormal parathyroid tissue in patients with hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: We present a prospective review of patients with hyperparathyroidism seen at a university teaching hospital between June 1994 and May 1997. Twenty-four patients entered into the study underwent preoperative localization with double-phase technetium-99m-sestamibi. The nuclear medicine results were compared with the operative findings...
July 1998: Endocrine Practice
Peter F Nichol, James R Starling, Eberhard Mack, Jason J Klovning, Bryan N Becker, Herbert Chen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with tertiary hyperparathyroidism due to single- or two-gland disease undergoing limited resection have similar long-term outcomes compared with patients with hyperplasia undergoing subtotal or total parathyroidectomy. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Tertiary hyperparathyroidism occurs in less than 2% of patients after renal transplantation. Approximately 30% of these cases are caused by one or two hyperfunctioning glands. Nevertheless, the standard operation for this disease has been subtotal or total parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation...
May 2002: Annals of Surgery
G U Hung, H S Wu, S C Tsai, C H Kao, W Y Lin, J H Lin, S J Wang
Radionuclide imaging with Tc-99m MIBI is the preferred mode of parathyroid localization in current practice. It also successfully identifies hyperfunctioning autotransplanted parathyroid tissue. The authors report a case with recurrent hyperparathyroidism after total parathyroidectomy and autotransplantation in the forearm. Double-phase Tc-99m MIBI imaging successfully localized the hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue, which was missed by magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography. In addition, the parathyroid tissue was localized using an intraoperative probe at subsequent surgery...
May 2000: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
F Tonelli, S Spini, M Tommasi, G Gabbrielli, A Amorosi, A Brocchi, M L Brandi
Total or subtotal parathyroidectomy is considered the treatment of choice for multiple endocrine neoplasia type I (MEN-I)-associated primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). However, persistent or recurrent HPT is frequently observed. The development of a rapid two-site immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) method for measuring intact parathormone (PTH) has provided a valuable tool for recognizing possible surgical failures. Our experience includes 16 MEN-I patients (10 females, 6 males) of mean age 35.5 years operated on between 1990 and 1996...
May 2000: World Journal of Surgery
J L Kraimps, A Denizot, B Carnaille, J F Henry, C Proye, F Bacourt, E Sarfati, J L Dupond, B Maes, J P Travagli, A Boneu, P Roger, C Houdent, J Barbier, E Modigliani
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type IIa is rare, occurring in 20% to 30% of the patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical findings, surgical therapy, and outcome for 56 patients affected by PHPT among 249 MEN-IIa patients collected from 84 families assembled by the Groupe d'Etude des Tumeurs á Calcitonine (GETC, French Calcitonin Tumors Study Group). This retrospective study was based on cases registered by the GETC (20 participating centers) from 1969 to 1994...
September 1996: World Journal of Surgery
K A Skinner, L Zuckerbraun
OBJECTIVE: To define better the incidence and causes of recurrent secondary hyperparathyroidism. DESIGN: Review of total parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation in uremic patients and literature review. SETTING: Two teaching hospitals. PATIENTS: Nine patients treated for secondary hyperparathyroidism between 1982 and 1993 by a single surgeon. INTERVENTIONS: Total parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation into the sternocleidomastoid muscle...
July 1996: Archives of Surgery
I B Rosen, J E Young, S D Archibald, P G Walfish, J Vale
OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinical and pathological characteristics of parathyroid cancer to determine the best method of treatment and to prevent the use of malignant tissue for autotransplantation. DESIGN: A chart review over a 20-year period (1973 to 1993). SETTING: Two tertiary-care referral centres in Ontario with specialty interest in disease of the thyroid and parathyroid glands. PATIENTS: Sixteen patients, identified as has having parathyroid cancer (equivocal diagnosis in 9 and definitive diagnosis in 7)...
December 1994: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
B E Nilsson, L E Tisell, S Jansson, B F Zackrisson, G Lindstedt, P A Lundberg
A success rate of about 90% has been achieved after primary operations for hyperparathyroidism, compared with 60% to 80% in most series of secondary operations. The present reoperative series involved 29 patients who underwent venous catheterization with blood sampling for the determination of intact parathyroid hormone before undergoing repeat parathyroid surgery. Blood samples were taken from the internal jugular veins, innominate veins, and superior caval vein. No attempt was made to perform superselective catheterization of the small neck and mediastinal veins...
July 1994: World Journal of Surgery
A J Edis, D A Linos, P C Kao
During the 3-year period from 1977 through 1979, twelve patients received fresh autografts of hyperfunctioning parathyroid tissue into their forearm musculature at the time of reoperation for persistent or recurrent hyperparathyroidism. All patients were considered to be at high risk of permanent hypoparathyroidism after completion of their reoperative surgery, and parathyroid autotransplantation was undertaken in an attempt to circumvent this serious complication. Seven patients received autografts of adenomas; five were grafted with hyperplastic glands...
October 1980: Surgery
L E Tisell
The success rate of surgical treatment in large series of p-HPT is about 95%. The usual reasons for failure are insufficient exploration of the neck and unrecognized multiple gland involvement. Such failures might be avoidable. Persistent HPT after an adequate neck dissection may be due to a diseased gland in the anterior mediastinum or within the parenchyma of the thyroid. There are also a few cases with true recurrent disease. If a reoperation is required localization studies can be helpful. The success rate in the present reoperative series was 94% showing that most patients with p-HPT can be cured by surgery...
1983: Annales Chirurgiae et Gynaecologiae
G Godlewski, J C Artus, C Granolleras, B Branger, R Oules, G Deschodt, P Ramperez, B Al Sabadani
99mTechnetium-201Thallium subtraction scanning was performed in 24 patients with primary (N = 5) and secondary (N = 19) hyperparathyroidism. The preoperative scintigraphy (N = 12) detected 21 of 23 enlarged glands surgically removed and was helpful for detecting abnormal location especially in the mediastinum. Postoperative scanning in patients with recurrent hyperparathyroidism confirmed the excessive growth of the remaining half parathyroid after subtotal parathyroidectomy or a missing fifth parathyroid after total parathyroidectomy and autotransplantation...
1984: Anatomia Clinica
P K Wagner, M Rothmund
Autotransplantation of cryopreserved tissue is of increasing clinical value after parathyroid surgery became more common. The results in the literature show a high rate of non functioning grafts after autotransplantation of cryopreserved tissue in comparison to fresh autografted tissue. The reason for that is a partial necrosis of the tissue caused by the freezing and thawing process. To obtain better results after autotransplantation of cryopreserved tissue the rate of necrosis should be estimated. The loss of functioning cells should be compensated by autografting a greater amount of tissue fragments...
January 1985: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
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