keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Morphometry MRI

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544256/intrinsic-functional-connectivity-alterations-in-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-differential-effects-in-frontal-cortex-motor-and-midbrain-networks
#1
Johannes Rosskopf, Martin Gorges, Hans-Peter Müller, Dorothée Lulé, Ingo Uttner, Albert C Ludolph, Elmar Pinkhardt, Freimut D Juengling, Jan Kassubek
BACKGROUND: The topography of functional network changes in progressive supranuclear palsy can be mapped by intrinsic functional connectivity MRI. The objective of this study was to study functional connectivity and its clinical and behavioral correlates in dedicated networks comprising the cognition-related default mode and the motor and midbrain functional networks in patients with PSP. METHODS: Whole-brain-based "resting-state" functional MRI and high-resolution T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging data together with neuropsychological and video-oculographic data from 34 PSP patients (22 with Richardson subtype and 12 with parkinsonian subtype) and 35 matched healthy controls were subjected to network-based functional connectivity and voxel-based morphometry analysis...
May 22, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543178/volumetric-mri-analysis-in-patients-with-short-term-remission-of-cushing-s-disease
#2
Hong Jiang, Jie Ren, Na-Ying He, Chang Liu, Yu-Hao Sun, Fang-Fang Jian, Liu-Guan Bian, Jian-Kang Shen, Fu-Hua Yan, Si-Jan Pan, Qing-Fang Sun
OBJECTIVE: The data on patients with short-term remission of Cushing's disease (CD) might provide information that is not available from previous long-term remission studies. We aimed to investigate structural changes in the brain in these patients and to examine whether these changes were associated with clinical characteristics. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was performed. METHODS: Thirty-four CD patients (14 with CD in short-term remission and 20 with active CD) and 34 controls matched for age, sex, and education underwent clinical evaluation and magnetic resonance imaging brain scans...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540180/hemoglobin-and-mean-platelet-volume-predicts-diffuse-t1-mri-white-matter-volume-decrease-in-sickle-cell-disease-patients
#3
Soyoung Choi, Adam M Bush, Matthew T Borzage, Anand A Joshi, William J Mack, Thomas D Coates, Richard M Leahy, John C Wood
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a life-threatening genetic condition. Patients suffer from chronic systemic and cerebral vascular disease that leads to early and cumulative neurological damage. Few studies have quantified the effects of this disease on brain morphometry and even fewer efforts have been devoted to older patients despite the progressive nature of the disease. This study quantifies global and regional brain volumes in adolescent and young adult patients with SCD and racially matched controls with the aim of distinguishing between age related changes associated with normal brain maturation and damage from sickle cell disease...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536515/subjectivity-of-the-anomalous-sense-of-self-is-represented-in-gray-matter-volume-in-the-brain
#4
Noriaki Kanayama, Tomohisa Asai, Takashi Nakao, Kai Makita, Ryutaro Kozuma, Takuto Uyama, Toshiyuki Yamane, Hiroshi Kadota, Shigeto Yamawaki
The self includes complicated and heterogeneous functions. Researchers have divided the self into three distinct functions called "agency," "ownership," and "narrative self". These correspond to psychiatric symptoms, behavioral characteristics and neural responses, but their relationship with brain structure is unclear. This study examined the relationship between the subjectivity of self-related malfunctions and brain structure in terms of gray matter (GM) volume in 96 healthy people. They completed a recently developed self-reported questionnaire called the Embodied Sense of Self Scale (ESSS) that measures self-related malfunctions...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529875/advanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-neuropsychological-assessment-for-detecting-brain-injury-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-university-amateur-boxers
#5
M G Hart, C R Housden, J Suckling, R Tait, A Young, U Müller, V F J Newcombe, I Jalloh, B Pearson, J Cross, R A Trivedi, J D Pickard, B J Sahakian, P J Hutchinson
BACKGROUND/AIM: The safety of amateur and professional boxing is a contentious issue. We hypothesised that advanced magnetic resonance imaging and neuropsychological testing could provide evidence of acute and early brain injury in amateur boxers. METHODS: We recruited 30 participants from a university amateur boxing club in a prospective cohort study. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neuropsychological testing was performed at three time points: prior to starting training; within 48 h following a first major competition to detect acute brain injury; and one year follow-up...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527594/whole-globe-biomechanics-using-high-field-mri
#6
Andrew P Voorhees, Leon C Ho, Ning-Jiun Jan, Huong Tran, Yolandi van der Merwe, Kevin Chan, Ian A Sigal
The eye is a complex structure composed of several interconnected tissues acting together, across the whole globe, to resist deformation due to intraocular pressure (IOP). However, most work in the ocular biomechanics field only examines the response to IOP over smaller regions of the eye. We used high-field MRI to measure IOP induced ocular displacements and deformations over the whole globe. Seven sheep eyes were obtained from a local abattoir and imaged within 48 h using MRI at multiple levels of IOP. IOP was controlled with a gravity perfusion system and a cannula inserted into the anterior chamber...
May 17, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527207/beyond-a-differential-diagnosis-cognitive-and-morphometric-decoding-of-information-processing-speed-in-senior-adults-with-dsm-5-mild-neurocognitive-disorders
#7
Hanna Lu, Sandra S M Chan, Ada W T Fung, Linda C W Lam
BACKGROUND: Processing speed has been highlighted as a diagnostic item for neurocognitive disorders (NCD) in DSM-5. The utility of information processing speed (IPS) enclosed with multiscale constructs in the diagnosis of NCD warrants exploration. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the IPS with two types of measurements in the patients with NCD due to vascular disease (NCD-vascular) and NCD due to Alzheimer's disease (NCD-AD), and examine the associations between IPS measures and morphometric features...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514330/-mri-morphometry-of-neuroplastic-changes-in-the-brain-after-conservative-treatment-of-traumatic-brachial-plexopathy
#8
S A Zhivolupov, E N Gnevyshev, A G Trufanov, L V Voronkov, A A Jurin, N A Rashidov, I N Samartsev, I D Poltavsky
AIM: To identify neuroplastic changes in the brain structures during treatment of traumatic axonotomy of the brachial plexus (the pathology of peripheral nervous system). MATERIAL AND METHODS: MRI morphometry of white and grey matter was studied in 62 patients with traumatic axonotomy of the brachial plexus. RESULTS: There were correlations between the thickness of sensorimotor cortex, morphometric parameters (volume, diffusion, fractional anisotropy) of subcortical formations (corticospinal tracts, the forceps minor), severity of neurological deficit and dynamics of clinical course depending on the therapeutic strategy...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508450/simultaneous-assessment-of-both-lung-morphometry-and-gas-exchange-function-within-a-single-breath-hold-by-hyperpolarized-129-xe-mri
#9
Jianping Zhong, Huiting Zhang, Weiwei Ruan, Junshuai Xie, Haidong Li, He Deng, Yeqing Han, Xianping Sun, Chaohui Ye, Xin Zhou
During the measurement of hyperpolarized (129) Xe magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) technique provides valuable information for the assessment of lung morphometry at the alveolar level, whereas the chemical shift saturation recovery (CSSR) technique can evaluate the gas exchange function of the lungs. To date, the two techniques have only been performed during separate breaths. However, the request for multiple breaths increases the cost and scanning time, limiting clinical application...
May 16, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503142/brain-gray-matter-atrophy-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#10
Qian Chen, Weimin Zheng, Xin Chen, Lu Wan, Wen Qin, Zhigang Qi, Nan Chen, Kuncheng Li
The aim of this study was to explore possible changes in whole brain gray matter volume (GMV) after spinal cord injury (SCI) using voxel-based morphometry (VBM), and to study their associations with the injury duration, severity, and clinical variables. In total, 21 patients with SCI (10 with complete and 11 with incomplete SCI) and 21 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. The 3D high-resolution T1-weighted structural images of all subjects were obtained using a 3.0 Tesla MRI system. Disease duration and American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Scale scores were also obtained from each patient...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501822/structural-mri-correlates-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-progression
#11
Joe Senda, Naoki Atsuta, Hirohisa Watanabe, Epifanio Bagarinao, Kazunori Imai, Daichi Yokoi, Yuichi Riku, Michihito Masuda, Ryoichi Nakamura, Hazuki Watanabe, Mizuki Ito, Masahisa Katsuno, Shinji Naganawa, Gen Sobue
PURPOSE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) presents with varying degrees of brain degeneration that can extend beyond the corticospinal tract (CST). Furthermore, the clinical course and progression of ALS varies widely. Brain degeneration detected using structural MRI could reflect disease progression. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: On study registration, 3-Tesla volumetric MRI and diffusion tensor imaging scans were obtained at baseline in 38 healthy controls and 67 patients with sporadic ALS...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500483/the-effect-of-repetitive-flexion-and-extension-fatigue-loading-on-the-young-porcine-lumbar-spine-a-feasibility-study-of-mri-and-histological-analyses
#12
Olof Thoreson, Lars Ekström, Hans-Arne Hansson, Carl Todd, Wisam Witwit, Anna Swärd Aminoff, Pall Jonasson, Adad Baranto
BACKGROUND: The biomechanical mechanisms of failure of FSUs have been studied but the correlation of repetitive flexion and extension loadings to the initial phase of fatigue in young FSUs are still not known. The purpose of the study was to examine the fatigue results of low magnitude repetitive flexion and extension loading on porcine lumbar Functional Spinal Units (FSUs) with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and histology. METHODS: Eight FSUs were subject to repetitive pivot flexion and eight to extension loading by a protocol of 20 000 cycles at 1 Hz with a load of 700 N...
December 2017: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498515/brain-structure-linking-delay-discounting-and-academic-performance
#13
Song Wang, Feng Kong, Ming Zhou, Taolin Chen, Xun Yang, Guangxiang Chen, Qiyong Gong
As a component of self-discipline, delay discounting refers to the ability to wait longer for preferred rewards and plays a pivotal role in shaping students' academic performance. However, the neural basis of the association between delay discounting and academic performance remains largely unknown. Here, we examined the neuroanatomical substrates underlying delay discounting and academic performance in 214 adolescents via voxel-based morphometry (VBM) by performing structural magnetic resonance imaging (S-MRI)...
May 12, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493867/transplantation-of-purified-ipsc-derived-cardiomyocytes-in-myocardial-infarction
#14
Sebastian V Rojas, George Kensah, Alexander Rotaermel, Hassina Baraki, Ingo Kutschka, Robert Zweigerdt, Ulrich Martin, Axel Haverich, Ina Gruh, Andreas Martens
BACKGROUND: Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) can be differentiated into cardiomyocytes and represent a possible autologous cell source for myocardial repair. We analyzed the engraftment and functional effects of murine iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) in a murine model of myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: To maximize cardiomyocyte yield and purity a genetic purification protocol was applied. Murine iPSCs were genetically modified to express a Zeocin™ resistance gene under control of the cardiac-specific α-myosin heavy chain (α-MHC, MYH6) promoter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491492/associations-between-hippocampal-morphometry-and-neuropathologic-markers-of-alzheimer-s-disease-using-7%C3%A2-t-mri
#15
Anna E Blanken, Sona Hurtz, Chris Zarow, Kristina Biado, Hedieh Honarpisheh, Johanne Somme, Jenny Brook, Spencer Tung, Emily Kraft, Darrick Lo, Denise W Ng, Harry V Vinters, Liana G Apostolova
Hippocampal atrophy, amyloid plaques, and neurofibrillary tangles are established pathologic markers of Alzheimer's disease. We analyzed the temporal lobes of 9 Alzheimer's dementia (AD) and 7 cognitively normal (NC) subjects. Brains were scanned post-mortem at 7 Tesla. We extracted hippocampal volumes and radial distances using automated segmentation techniques. Hippocampal slices were stained for amyloid beta (Aβ), tau, and cresyl violet to evaluate neuronal counts. The hippocampal subfields, CA1, CA2, CA3, CA4, and subiculum were manually traced so that the neuronal counts, Aβ, and tau burden could be obtained for each region...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487114/structural-brain-network-analysis-of-children-with-localization-related-epilepsy
#16
Kanako Takeda, Hiroshi Matsuda, Yusaku Miyamoto, Hitoshi Yamamoto
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is considered to arise from dysfunction in neural networks. Recent advances in neuroimaging and its analysis have made it possible to investigate both functional and structural connectivity in the brain. The aim of this study was to elucidate alterations in the structural connectivity in children with localization-related epilepsy using the mathematical method of graph theoretical analysis. METHODOLOGY: Fifteen children with localization-related epilepsy (8 female subjects; mean age, 8...
May 6, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481904/cortical-brain-volume-abnormalities-associated-with-few-or-multiple-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Lyssandra Dos Santos Tascone, Martha E Payne, James MacFall, Dionísio Azevedo, Claudio Campi de Castro, David C Steffens, Geraldo F Busatto, Cássio M C Bottino
New research on assessing neuropsychiatric manifestations of Alzheimer´s Disease (AD) involves grouping neuropsychiatric symptoms into syndromes. Yet this approach is limited by high inter-subject variability in neuropsychiatric symptoms and a relatively low degree of concordance across studies attempting to cluster neuropsychiatric symptoms into syndromes. An alternative strategy that involves dichotomizing AD subjects into those with few versus multiple neuropsychiatric symptoms is both consonant with real-world clinical practice and can contribute to understanding neurobiological underpinnings of neuropsychiatric symptoms in AD patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479531/-structural-brain-development-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents
#18
Izumi Matsudaira, Ryuta Kawashima, Yasuyuki Taki
Brain maturation progresses throughout childhood into adolescence. Investigating the mechanism of brain development during these periods in healthy people is necessary for some clinical purposes. For example, these mechanisms are needed to investigate the mechanism of impaired brain maturation in neurodevelopmental disorders-such as autism spectrum disorders or attention-deficit hyper disorder-and improve early prevention of psychiatric or neurodegenerative diseases like depression or Alzheimer's disease. Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) is an effective way to analyze brain magnetic resonance images (MRI) of children and adolescents, as the brain structures of children and adolescents vary widely depending on their age, sex, and several other factors...
May 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473626/patterns-of-atrophy-in-pathologically-confirmed-dementias-a-voxelwise-analysis
#19
Lorna Harper, Femke Bouwman, Emma J Burton, Frederik Barkhof, Philip Scheltens, John T O'Brien, Nick C Fox, Gerard R Ridgway, Jonathan M Schott
OBJECTIVE: Imaging is recommended to support the clinical diagnoses of dementias, yet imaging research studies rarely have pathological confirmation of disease. This study aims to characterise patterns of brain volume loss in six primary pathologies compared with controls and to each other. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-six patients with a clinical diagnosis of dementia and histopathological confirmation of underlying pathology, and 73 healthy controls were included in this study...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470878/gray-matter-abnormalities-in-idiopathic-parkinson-s-disease-evaluation-by-diffusional-kurtosis-imaging-and-neurite-orientation-dispersion-and-density-imaging
#20
Koji Kamagata, Andrew Zalesky, Taku Hatano, Ryo Ueda, Maria Angelique Di Biase, Ayami Okuzumi, Keigo Shimoji, Masaaki Hori, Karen Caeyenberghs, Christos Pantelis, Nobutaka Hattori, Shigeki Aoki
Mapping gray matter (GM) pathology in Parkinson's disease (PD) with conventional MRI is challenging, and the need for more sensitive brain imaging techniques is essential to facilitate early diagnosis and assessment of disease severity. GM microstructure was assessed with GM-based spatial statistics applied to diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) and neurite orientation dispersion imaging (NODDI) in 30 participants with PD and 28 age- and gender-matched controls. These were compared with currently used assessment methods such as diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), voxel-based morphometry (VBM), and surface-based cortical thickness analysis...
May 4, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
keyword
keyword
93906
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"