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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441619/the-influence-of-attention-biases-and-adult-attachment-style-on-treatment-outcome-for-adults-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#1
Yulisha Byrow, Lorna Peters
BACKGROUND: Attention biases figure prominently in CBT models of social anxiety and are thought to maintain symptoms of social anxiety disorder (SAD). Studies have shown that individual differences in pre-treatment attention biases predict cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) outcome. However, these findings have been inconsistent as to whether vigilance towards threat predicts better or poorer treatment outcome. Adult attachment style is an individual characteristic that may influence the relationship between attention bias and SAD...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425776/development-of-the-aboriginal-communication-assessment-after-brain-injury-acaabi-a-screening-tool-for-identifying-acquired-communication-disorders-in-aboriginal-australians
#2
Elizabeth M Armstrong, Natalie Ciccone, Deborah Hersh, Judith Katzenellebogen, Juli Coffin, Sandra Thompson, Leon Flicker, Colleen Hayward, Deborah Woods, Meaghan McAllister
PURPOSE: Acquired communication disorders (ACD), following stroke and traumatic brain injury, may not be correctly identified in Aboriginal Australians due to a lack of linguistically and culturally appropriate assessment tools. Within this paper we explore key issues that were considered in the development of the Aboriginal Communication Assessment After Brain Injury (ACAABI) - a screening tool designed to assess the presence of ACD in Aboriginal populations. METHOD: A literature review and consultation with key stakeholders were undertaken to explore directions needed to develop a new tool, based on existing tools and recommendations for future developments...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421867/symptom-related-attributional-biases-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#3
Nicole Sanford, Todd S Woodward
INTRODUCTION: Biases in causal attributions and evidence integration have been implicated in delusions, but have not been investigated simultaneously to examine additive or multiplicative effects. It was hypothesised that paranoid delusions would correlate with self-serving and personalising biases ("defence" model of paranoia), particularly when these biases were disconfirmed. METHODS: Constrained principal component analysis was used to investigate differences between schizophrenia patients (paranoid vs...
April 19, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420918/the-role-of-psychological-eating-styles-in-obesity-among-turkish-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Nalan Hakime Nogay
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between eating behaviours and adiposity indicators including body mass index, waist-hip ratio and waist-height ratio in adolescents. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at Kirklareli University Health College, Kirklareli, Turkey, from April to June 2014, and comprised students of the 2013-14 academic year. Height and weight were measured and students' body mass indexes were calculated. Waist and hip circumferences were measured...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417609/action-plans-and-coping-strategies-in-elderly-copd-patients-influence-the-result-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-an-observational-study
#5
Patrizia Russo, Giulia Prinzi, Aliaksei Kisialou, Vittorio Cardaci, Emanuele Stirpe, Vittoria Conti, Massimo Fini, Stefano Bonassi
BACKGROUND: COPD management needs a comprehensive assessment of clinical features (symptoms severity, co-morbidities) together with life-style, behavioural, socio-economic and multi-omics parameters. Among the other issues, psycho-cognitive assessment plays a critical role. Coping strategies are used to manage psychological stress. AIM: To evaluate the association between coping strategies and outcome of Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR). DESIGN: Observational study...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417002/motivation-to-change-coping-and-self-esteem-in-adolescent-anorexia-nervosa-a-validation-study-of-the-anorexia-nervosa-stages-of-change-questionnaire-ansocq
#6
Dagmar Pauli, Marcel Aebi, Christa Winkler Metzke, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen
BACKGROUND: Understanding motivation to change is a key issue in both the assessment and the treatment of eating disorders. Therefore, sound instruments assessing this construct are of great help to clinicians. Accordingly, the present study analysed the psychometric properties of the Anorexia Nervosa Stages of Change Questionnaire (ANSOCQ), including its relation to coping style and self-esteem. METHODS: N = 92 adolescents referred to an eating disorders outpatient clinic meeting criteria for anorexia nervosa gave written informed consent to participate in this study and completed the ANSOCQ, the Eating Disorder Inventory, the Eating Attitudes Test, the Body Image Questionnaire, two questionnaires measuring Self-Related Cognitions and the Coping Across Situations Questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407155/benefits-of-being-a-healthy-perfectionist-examining-profiles-in-relation-to-nurses-well-being
#7
Yuhsuan Chang
The aim of the current study was to examine perfectionism in relation to burn-out and depressive symptoms in nurses. The sample comprised 581 nurses from various medical units in several regional hospitals in Taiwan. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey, and Almost Perfect Scale-Revised were used to assess depressive symptoms, burnout, and perfectionism. Response data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, Pearson's product-moment correlation, cluster analysis, and one-way analysis of variance...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405409/effects-of-communication-skill-training-cst-based-on-spikes-for-insurance-covered-pharmacy-pharmacists-to-interact-with-simulated-cancer-patients
#8
Manako Hanya, Yoshitake Kanno, Junko Akasaki, Keiko Abe, Kazuhiko Fujisaki, Hiroyuki Kamei
BACKGROUND: With the development of pharmacotherapy and radiotherapy, cancer treatment is being shifted from surgical to outpatient services, consequently increasing insurance-covered pharmacies' frequency of dealing with cancer patients. As the psychology of these patients is complex, it is necessary for pharmacists to educate them in consideration of their cognitive/medical and psychosocial aspects. This study analyzed cancer patient management by pharmacists working in such pharmacies and their communication skills before and after communication skill training based on SPIKES, a six-step protocol for delivering bad news, to confirm the usefulness of such training...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402479/perception-of-social-synchrony-induces-mother-child-gamma-coupling-in-the-social-brain
#9
Jonathan Levy, Abraham Goldstein, Ruth Feldman
The recent call to move from focus on one brain's functioning to two-brain communication initiated a search for mechanisms that enable two humans to coordinate brain response during social interactions. Here, we utilized the mother-child context as a developmentally salient setting to study two-brain coupling. Mothers and their 9-year-old children were videotaped at home in positive and conflictual interactions. Positive interactions were microcoded for social synchrony and conflicts for overall dialogical style...
April 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402046/social-cognition-and-the-course-of-social-functioning-in-first-episode-psychosis
#10
Cindy B Woolverton, Emily K Bell, Aubrey M Moe, Patricia Harrison-Monroe, Nicholas J K Breitborde
BACKGROUND: Social functioning deficits greatly affect individuals with psychotic disorders resulting in decreased ability to maintain relationships, jobs and pursuit of educational goals. Deficits in social cognition have been hypothesized to be an important contributor to these deficits in social functioning. In particular, 5 domains of social cognition have been suggested to be relevant in the study of psychotic disorders: (1) attributional style, (2) emotion recognition, (3) social knowledge, (4) social perception and (5) theory of mind...
April 12, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401843/circle-of-security-parenting-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-head-start
#11
Jude Cassidy, Bonnie E Brett, Jacquelyn T Gross, Jessica A Stern, David R Martin, Jonathan J Mohr, Susan S Woodhouse
Although evidence shows that attachment insecurity and disorganization increase risk for the development of psychopathology (Fearon, Bakermans-Kranenburg, van IJzendoorn, Lapsley, & Roisman, 2010; Groh, Roisman, van IJzendoorn, Bakermans-Kranenburg, & Fearon, 2012), implementation challenges have precluded dissemination of attachment interventions on the broad scale at which they are needed. The Circle of Security-Parenting Intervention (COS-P; Cooper, Hoffman, & Powell, 2009), designed with broad implementation in mind, addresses this gap by training community service providers to use a manualized, video-based program to help caregivers provide a secure base and a safe haven for their children...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399881/the-influence-of-parental-practices-on-child-promotive-and-preventive-food-consumption-behaviors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Andrew Z H Yee, May O Lwin, Shirley S Ho
BACKGROUND: The family is an important social context where children learn and adopt eating behaviors. Specifically, parents play the role of health promoters, role models, and educators in the lives of children, influencing their food cognitions and choices. This study attempts to systematically review empirical studies examining the influence of parents on child food consumption behavior in two contexts: one promotive in nature (e.g., healthy food), and the other preventive in nature (e...
April 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391774/exploring-the-sensitivity-of-the-personality-assessment-inventory-symptom-validity-tests-in-detecting-response-bias-in-a-mixed-neuropsychological-outpatient-sample
#13
Owen J Gaasedelen, Douglas M Whiteside, Michael Basso
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have evaluated the symptom validity tests (SVTs) within the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) in a neuropsychological assessment context. Accordingly, the present study explored the accuracy of PAI SVTs in identifying exaggerated cognitive dysfunction in a mixed sample of outpatients referred for neuropsychological assessment. METHOD: Participants who failed two or more Performance Validity Tests (PVTs) were classified as having exaggerated cognitive dysfunction (n = 49)...
April 10, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384152/social-cognition-in-wilson-s-disease-a-new-phenotype
#14
Elodie Peyroux, Nelly Santaella, Emmanuel Broussolle, Caroline Rigard, Emilie Favre, Anne-Sophie Brunet, Muriel Bost, Alain Lachaux, Caroline Demily
Studies focusing on neuropsychological impairments in Wilson's disease (WD) have highlighted that patients showing neurological signs present significant deficits in a wide range of cognitive domains. Attentional and executive impairments have also been described in people with hepatic WD. However, social cognition abilities, i.e. cognitive processes required to perceive the emotions, intentions and dispositions of other people, have not been clearly investigated in WD. In this study we examined the social cognitive functioning in 19 patients with WD depending on their clinical status-Neurological versus Non-Neurological ("hepatic") forms-compared to 20 healthy controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372468/different-coping-strategies-influence-the-development-of-ptsd-among-first-time-mothers
#15
Yeela Tomsis, Marc Gelkopf, Hanoch Yerushalmi, Yaniv Zipori
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the different coping strategies for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), described in the non-obstetric trauma literature, with respect to first time postpartum women. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective cohort study conducted between 2011 and 2013. Eligible women had a singleton pregnancy and delivered a healthy newborn at term. Five sets of relevant questionnaires were sent to the participants six weeks postpartum. Posttraumatic stress disorder was defined as per DSM-V criteria...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368172/construct-validity-of-the-g-cpaq-and-its-mediating-role-in-pain-interference-and-adjustment
#16
Vasilis S Vasiliou, Maria Karekla, Michalis P Michaelides, Orestis Kasinopoulos
The Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ) is a measure of pain acceptance comprised of pain willingness (PW) and activity engagement (AE; McCracken et al., 2004). Concerns about the factorial structure of the CPAQ exist, as it is not yet clear whether PW and AE constitute 2 independent constructs or 1, pain acceptance. Concerns also exist about the internal and predictive validity of test score interpretations of this measure. This study also presents that the choice of predictor variables has contributed to theoretical confusion regarding the impact of pain acceptance on pain-related adjustment...
April 3, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363881/trajectories-of-depressive-symptoms-among-web-based-health-risk-assessment-participants
#17
Richard Bedrosian, Matt Hawrilenko, Heather Cole-Lewis
BACKGROUND: Health risk assessments (HRAs), which often screen for depressive symptoms, are administered to millions of employees and health plan members each year. HRA data provide an opportunity to examine longitudinal trends in depressive symptomatology, as researchers have done previously with other populations. OBJECTIVE: The primary research questions were: (1) Can we observe longitudinal trajectories in HRA populations like those observed in other study samples? (2) Do HRA variables, which primarily reflect modifiable health risks, help us to identify predictors associated with these trajectories? (3) Can we make meaningful recommendations for population health management, applicable to HRA participants, based on predictors we identify? METHODS: This study used growth mixture modeling (GMM) to examine longitudinal trends in depressive symptomatology among 22,963 participants in a Web-based HRA used by US employers and health plans...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361663/sex-and-ability-differences-in-neural-strategy-for-piaget-s-water-level-test
#18
Sina Wu, Yingli Li, Ming Kong
To explore brain activation differences between the sexes and between high and low performers on spatial perception performance, 43 college students (20 males and 23 females) performed the Piaget's Water Level Test (WLT) while their electroencephalogram signals were recorded. A 2 (Sex) × 2 (Group: high performing vs. low performing) × 2 (Hemisphere: left vs. right) × 3 (Region: frontal, parietal, and temporal) mixed analysis of variance on beta power data showed that females more significantly activated the left hemisphere when performing the WLT, suggesting their application of an analytic strategy...
April 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359786/the-looming-maladaptive-style-questionnaire-measurement-invariance-and-relations-to-anxiety-and-depression-across-10-countries
#19
Ryan Y Hong, John H Riskind, Mike W-L Cheung, Esther Calvete, Zahira González-Díez, Ayse Altan Atalay, Doris Curzik, Natasa Jokic-Begic, Adriana Del Palacio-Gonzalez, Ljiljana Mihić, Nikola Samac, Claudio Sica, Yoshinori Sugiura, Safal Khatri, Evan M Kleiman
The Looming Maladaptive Style Questionnaire (LMSQ) is a self-report measure designed to assess the looming cognitive style, a tendency to interpret threats as rapidly approaching and increasing in magnitude. To date, no systematic evaluation on the psychometric properties of the LMSQ across diverse cultural contexts has been done. In the present research, the measurement invariance of the LMSQ test scores was examined in 10 countries (N=4000). Confirmatory factor analysis suggested that a two-factor model (i...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357004/perceptions-of-teaching-methods-for-preclinical-oral-surgery-a-comparison-with-learning-styles
#20
EDITORIAL
Esam Omar
PURPOSE: Dental extraction is a routine part of clinical dental practice. For this reason, understanding the way how students' extraction knowledge and skills development are important. PROBLEM STATEMENT AND OBJECTIVES: To date, there is no accredited statement about the most effective method for the teaching of exodontia to dental students. Students have different abilities and preferences regarding how they learn and process information. This is defined as learning style...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
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