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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103978/-cosmetological-thinking-and-methods-in-tcm-in-the-sui-tang-dynasty
#1
Y J Wu
In the heyday of Chinese feudal society, women's status in the society of the Sui-Tang period was improved in the Tang Dynasty.The demand for female to stay young and anti-aging had attracted lots of attention in the society, thus providing a favorable social environment for the formation and development of Chinese herbal cosmetology. The important representative medical works on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were published in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, such as Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold), Qian jin yi fang (Supplement to Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold), Wai tai mi yao (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) etc...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099136/alexithymia-and-automatic-processing-of-emotional-stimuli-a-systematic-review
#2
Uta-Susan Donges, Thomas Suslow
Alexithymia is a personality trait characterized by difficulties in recognizing and verbalizing emotions and the utilization of a cognitive style that is oriented toward external events, rather than intrapsychic experiences. Alexithymia is considered a vulnerability factor influencing onset and course of many psychiatric disorders. Even though emotions are, in general, elicited involuntarily and emerge without conscious effort, it is surprising that little attention in etiological considerations concerning alexithymia has been given to deficits in automatic emotion processing and their neurobiological bases...
January 18, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079497/meanings-of-waves-electroencephalography-and-society-in-mexico-city-1940-1950
#3
Nuria Valverde Pérez
Argument This paper focuses on the uses of electroencephalograms (EEGs) in Mexico during their introductory decade from 1940 to 1950. Following Borck (2006), I argue that EEGs adapted to fit local circumstances and that this adjustment led to the consolidation of different ways of making science and the emergence of new objects of study and social types. I also maintain that the way EEGs were introduced into the institutional networks of Mexico entangled them in discussions about the objective and juridical definitions of social groups, thereby preempting concerns about their technical and epistemic limitations...
December 2016: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076528/the-brief-life-of-norplant%C3%A2-in-brazil-controversies-and-reassemblages-between-science-society-and-state
#4
Ana Cristina de Lima Pimentel, Cláudia Bonan Jannotti, Paula Gaudenzi, Luiz Antonio da Silva Teixeira
Norplant® is the brand name of the world's first registered subdermal hormonal contraceptive implant, developed by the laboratories of the Population Council, an international organisation working in the area of fertility and population growth. The article revisits the trajectory of this contraceptive in Brazil from its arrival through clinical trials to its eventual ban in 1986 by the Brazilian regulatory agency responsible for approving medications at the time. Its circulation generated controversies related to research practices, side effects and political uses of the drug as a birth control method...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043015/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-two-styles-of-case-based-learning-implemented-in-lectures-for-developing-nursing-students-critical-thinking-ability-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Shaohua Hong, Ping Yu
PURPOSE: To explore and compare the effectiveness of two styles of case-based learning methods, unfolding nursing case and usual nursing case, implemented in lectures for developing nursing students' critical thinking ability. METHODS: 122 undergraduate nursing students in four classes were taught the subject of medical nursing for one year. Two classes were randomly assigned as the experimental group and the other two the control group. The experimental group received the lectures presenting unfolding nursing cases and the control group was taught the usual cases...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035741/does-empowerment-mediate-the-effects-of-psychological-factors-on-mental-health-well-being-and-recovery-in-young-people
#6
Annmarie Grealish, Sara Tai, Andrew Hunter, Richard Emsley, Trevor Murrells, Anthony P Morrison
OBJECTIVES: There is consensus that empowerment is key to recovery from mental health problems, enabling a person to take charge of their life and make informed choices and decisions about their life. However, little is known about the mechanisms through which empowerment affects mental health in young people. The current study involved young people aged 16-29 years and examined empowerment as a potential mediator of the relationship between psychological factors (psychosocial, cognition, coping, and control) and mental health, well-being, and recovery from personal problems...
December 30, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993247/-personality-traits-screening-in-a-colombian-adult-population-sample-colombian-national-survey-of-mental-health-2015
#7
Gabriel Fernando Oviedo, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Martín Rondón, Juan Pablo Borda Bohigas, Nathalie Tamayo Martínez
INTRODUCTION: Personality refers to the individual style in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. Traits may configure a personality disorder when there is a long-lasting rigid pattern of inner experience that deviates from the expectations of the individual's culture, are inflexible and form maladaptative schemes in different interpersonal scenarios. Given the pervasiveness of this structure, they cause impairment of functioning in the affected person. OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of personality traits in all selected adults, using the module-structured interview WHO WHM-CIDI-CAPI for clusters A, B and C of personality traits...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982507/cognitive-processing-in-the-aftermath-of-relationship-dissolution-associations-with-concurrent-and-prospective-distress-and-posttraumatic-growth
#8
Adriana Del Palacio-González, David A Clark, Lucia F O'Sullivan
Non-marital romantic relationship dissolution is amongst the most stressful life events experienced by young adults. Yet, some individuals experience posttraumatic growth following relationship dissolution. Little is known about the specific and differential contribution of trait-like and event-specific cognitive processing styles to each of these outcomes. A longitudinal design was employed in which trait-like (brooding and reflection) and dissolution-specific (intrusive and deliberate) cognitive processing was examined as predictors of growth (Posttraumatic Growth Inventory) and distress (Breakup Distress Scale) following a recent relationship dissolution...
December 16, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955643/mindsurf-a-pilot-study-to-assess-the-usability-and-acceptability-of-a-smartphone-app-designed-to-promote-contentment-wellbeing-and-goal-achievement
#9
Timothy A Carey, Jennifer Haviland, Sara J Tai, Thea Vanags, Warren Mansell
BACKGROUND: The Method of Levels (MOL) is a transdiagnostic cognitive therapy that promotes contentment, wellbeing, and goal achievement through the resolution of internal conflicts underlying psychological distress. MOL, based on Perceptual Control Theory (PCT), was developed in routine clinical practice and has been used effectively across different health services by different practitioners. Access to MOL-style questions through a smartphone app could, potentially, help both the general public maintain robust mental health, and also be a useful adjunct to therapy for clinical populations...
December 12, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936880/-everyday-suspicion-our-life-is-delusional
#10
Zoltán Janka
Suspicious thinking in given situations can be useful and helps the adaptation as events occurring in the world also corroborate this. Factors participating in the development of paranoia can be listed as psychodynamic (projection), salience attributional, neurobiological (dopamine), impaired perceptual (hearing loss), sociocultural (minority, pseudocommunity), self-esteem (worrying, depression, mania), and cognitive (jump-to-conclusion) mechanisms. Along the spectrum of thinking, from the mild to the severe, enhanced worrying, salience attribution, overvalued concepts, suspicion/mistrust, paranoid ideations, and crystallized delusions may occur with different contents...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936812/inferences-about-competing-measures-based-on-patterns-of-binary-significance-tests-are-questionable
#11
Patrick E Shrout, Marika Yip-Bannicq
An important step in demonstrating the validity of a new measure is to show that it is a better predictor of outcomes than existing measures-often called incremental validity. Investigators can use regression methods to argue for the incremental validity of new measures, while adjusting for competing or existing measures. The argument is often based on patterns of binary significance tests (BST): (a) both measures are significantly related to the outcome, (b) when adjusted for the new measure the competing measure is no longer significantly related to the outcome, but (c) when adjusted for the competing measure the new measure is still significantly related to the outcome...
December 12, 2016: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923966/thinking-style-as-a-predictor-of-men-s-participation-in-cancer-screening
#12
Clare E McGuiness, Deborah Turnbull, Carlene Wilson, Amy Duncan, Ingrid H Flight, Ian Zajac
Men's participation in cancer screening may be influenced by their thinking style. Men's need for cognition (NFC) and faith in intuition were measured to explore whether they varied by demographic variables or predicted screening behavior. Australian males (n = 585, aged 50-74 years) completed surveys about past screening and were subsequently offered mailed fecal occult blood tests (FOBTs). Demographic predictors included age, socioeconomic status, educational attainment, and language spoken at home. The screening behaviors were self-reported prostate cancer screening (prostate-specific antigen testing and digital rectal examinations [DREs]), and colorectal cancer screening (self-reported FOBT participation and recorded uptake of the FOBT offer)...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922841/stress-resiliency-practices-in-neonatal-nurses
#13
Lisa M Pannell, Lynn Rowe, Salena Tully
BACKGROUND: Multiple environmental changes were experienced in a large level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) causing a perception of work-related stress leading to high nurse turnover, decreased engagement, and decreased satisfaction. PURPOSE: To identify a preintervention measure of perceived stress resiliency and ranking of interpretive styles in a population of neonatal, bedside registered nurses faced with a change in the physical practice environment...
December 5, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911470/posttraumatic-rumination-content-correlates-and-processes
#14
Christine E Valdez, Michelle M Lilly
OBJECTIVE: Trauma-related rumination (i.e., repetitive and recurrent thinking about trauma and its consequences) has shown to predict the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, though little is known about its characteristics. The purpose of this study was to examine trauma-related ruminative content, correlates, and processes during a trauma-specific repetitive thinking interview. METHOD: A total of 63 female survivors of violence completed questionnaires assessing trauma-related pathology and participated in a trauma-specific repetitive thinking interview, which was qualitatively coded...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906527/behavioral-epigenetics
#15
REVIEW
David S Moore
Why do we grow up to have the traits we do? Most 20th century scientists answered this question by referring only to our genes and our environments. But recent discoveries in the emerging field of behavioral epigenetics have revealed factors at the interface between genes and environments that also play crucial roles in development. These factors affect how genes work; scientists now know that what matters as much as which genes you have (and what environments you encounter) is how your genes are affected by their contexts...
January 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895510/the-psychological-profile-of-women-presenting-to-a-multidisciplinary-clinic-for-chronic-pelvic-pain-high-levels-of-psychological-dysfunction-and-implications-for-practice
#16
Christina Bryant, Rebecca Cockburn, Anne-Florence Plante, Angela Chia
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is widely acknowledged as a common problem with significant consequences for those diagnosed with this condition. There is a lack of studies with good sample size that provide a comprehensive psychological profile of women presenting to specialist chronic pain clinics. Therefore, the objective of this study was to describe the psychological profile of a representative sample of women presenting with CPP at a tertiary referral center. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893907/patterns-and-perceptions-of-asynchronous-video-discussion-in-a-graduate-health-sciences-course
#17
Mollie Cummins, Naresh Sundar Rajan, Chad Hodge, Ramkiran Gouripeddi
BACKGROUND: Studies of graduate online education indicate a need for increased interaction among students and faculty. However, it can be challenging to foster a high level of scholarly interaction and engagement in fully online courses. The objective of this study was to evaluate student perceptions and participation patterns related to online, asynchronous video discussion in a graduate health sciences course. METHOD: An asynchronous video discussion was piloted in a 2014 interprofessional informatics course and students were subsequently surveyed to determine their perceptions of this approach...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886387/coping-strategies-alexithymia-and-anxiety-in-young-patients-with-food-allergy
#18
L Polloni, A DunnGalvin, E Ferruzza, R Bonaguro, F Lazzarotto, A Toniolo, N Celegato, A Muraro
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is major public health concern affecting nearly 15 million Americans and 80 million Europeans. Risk of anaphylaxis and implications for social activities affect patients' quality of life and psychological well-being. We previously found that young patients reported higher levels of alexithymia (difficulty in recognizing and expressing emotions) compared with healthy peers and may influence affect, management style and clinical outcomes. This study aimed to explore links between coping strategies, alexithymia and anxiety among food-allergic adolescents and young adults...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846417/threat-interpretation-and-parental-influences-for-children-with-asthma-and-anxiety
#19
Gemma Sicouri, Louise Sharpe, Jennifer L Hudson, Jo Dudeney, Adam Jaffe, Hiran Selvadurai, Sarah Lorimer, Caroline Hunt
Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent in children with asthma yet very little is known about the cognitive and parent factors that may underpin this relationship. The present study investigated interpretation biases in children with asthma and anxiety and their parents, and whether parent-child discussions influenced children's interpretations. Eighty-nine parent-child dyads were included across four groups: children with asthma and anxiety, children with anxiety only, children with asthma only and healthy children (aged between 8 and 13 years old)...
November 10, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816907/new-horizons-in-design-for-autonomous-ageing
#20
REVIEW
Tischa J M van der Cammen, Armagan Albayrak, Ena Voûte, Johan F M Molenbroek
The world is ageing rapidly. Between 2000 and 2050, the number of people aged ≥65 will double as a proportion of the global population, from 7% to 16%, respectively. By 2050, for the first time in human history, there will be more older people than children (aged 0-14 years) in the population. More distinctive is the tremendous increase in the oldest old aged ≥85. This challenges society to adapt, in order to maximise the health and functional capacity of older people as well as their social participation and security...
November 5, 2016: Age and Ageing
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