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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340365/emotion-regulation-strategies-mediate-the-associations-of-positive-and-negative-affect-to-upper-extremity-physical-function
#1
Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, Hora Nemati-Rezvani, Stefan F Fischerauer, David Ring, Neal Chen, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: The Gross process model of emotion regulation holds that emotion-eliciting situations (e.g. musculoskeletal illness) can be strategically regulated to determine the final emotional and behavioral response. Also, there is some evidence that innate emotional traits may predispose an individual to a particular regulating coping style. METHODS: We enrolled 107 patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal illness in this cross-sectional study. They completed self-report measures of positive and negative affect, emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression), upper extremity physical function, pain intensity, and demographics...
March 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331298/psychosocial-predictors-of-patient-adherence-to-disease-modifying-therapies-for-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Fahad D Alosaimi, Alaa AlMulhem, Hanan AlShalan, Mohammad Alqazlan, Abdulgader Aldaif, Matthew Kowgier, Janooshsheya Balasundaram, Sanjeev Sockalingam
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to identify the impact of psychosocial predictors, specifically relationship style, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, cognitive impairment, and culture-specific disease beliefs, on treatment adherence for multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational study, patients from two MS clinics in Saudi Arabia completed self-reported questionnaires focused on MS treatment adherence, physical symptom burden, relationship style, cultural beliefs, depressive symptoms, anxiety, and cognitive impairment...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329716/-i-ll-do-anything-to-maintain-my-health-how-women-aged-65-94-perceive-experience-and-cope-with-their-aging-bodies
#3
Erica V Bennett, Laura Hurd Clarke, Kent C Kowalski, Peter R E Crocker
We explored how physically active women perceived, experienced, and coped with their aging bodies, and examined their perceptions of the utility of self-compassion to manage aging body-related changes. Findings from a thematic analysis of interviews with 21 women aged 65-94 revealed that they were appreciative of how their bodies worked and accepting of their physical limitations, yet concurrently critical of their body's functionality and appearance. Participants engaged in physical activity and healthy eating to maintain their health and body functionality, yet also used diet, hair styling, anti-aging creams, makeup, physical activity, and clothing to manage their appearances...
March 19, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324319/white-matter-measures-are-near-normal-in-controlled-hiv-infection-except-in-those-with-cognitive-impairment-and-longer-hiv-duration
#4
Lucette A Cysique, James R Soares, Guangqiang Geng, Maia Scarpetta, Kirsten Moffat, Michael Green, Bruce J Brew, Roland G Henry, Caroline Rae
The objective of the current study was to quantify the degree of white matter (WM) abnormalities in chronic and virally suppressed HIV-infected (HIV+) persons while carefully taking into account demographic and disease factors. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was conducted in 40 HIV- and 82 HIV+ men with comparable demographics and life style factors. The HIV+ sample was clinically stable with successful viral control. Diffusion was measured across 32 non-colinear directions with a b-value of 1000 s/mm(2); fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) maps were quantified with Itrack IDL...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314137/influence-of-social-factors-on-the-relation-between-lie-telling-and-children-s-cognitive-abilities
#5
Victoria Talwar, Jennifer Lavoie, Carlos Gomez-Garibello, Angela M Crossman
Lie-telling may be part of a normative developmental process for children. However, little is known about the complex interaction of social and cognitive factors related to this developmental behavior. The current study examined parenting style, maternal exposure to stressors, and children's cognitive abilities in relation to children's antisocial lie-telling behavior in an experimental setting. Children (3-6years, N=157) participated in a modified temptation resistance paradigm to elicit spontaneous lies. Results indicate that high authoritative parenting and high inhibitory control interact to predict a lower propensity to lie, but those who did lie had better semantic leakage control...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303949/the-processing-of-body-expressions-during-emotional-scenes-the-modulation-role-of-attachment-styles
#6
Yuanxiao Ma, Xu Chen, Guangming Ran, Haijing Ma, Xing Zhang, Guangzeng Liu
There is broad evidence indicating that contextual information influence the processing of emotional stimuli. However, attachment theory suggests that attachment styles contribute to the ways in which people perceive emotional events. To shed light on whether the processing of body expressions during different emotional scenes is modulated by attachment styles, attachment-related electrophysiological differences were measured using event-related potentials. For avoidantly attached group, our results suggested that larger N170 amplitudes were educed by neutral bodies than angry bodies, which was found only in neutral scene...
March 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296525/learning-experiences-and-strategies-of-parents-of-young-children-with-developmental-disabilities-implications-for-rehabilitation-professionals
#7
Karen Hurtubise, Christine Carpenter
AIM: To better understand the learning experiences of parents of children with developmental disabilities and the strategies they develop to support their caregiving role. METHODS: A qualitative secondary analysis of in-depth interviews with parents of children with developmental disability was conducted to better understand parents' learning experiences and the strategies they developed to use this learning in supporting their children. A foundational thematic analysis process was used to identify the main themes, and the interpretive process was influenced by adult education theories...
March 15, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296207/understanding-the-relationship-between-suicidality-current-depressed-mood-personality-and-cognitive-factors
#8
Shri Cameron, Verity J Brown, Barbara Dritschel, Kevin Power, Malcolm Cook
OBJECTIVES: Links between suicidality and depressed mood are well established. There is, however, little information about the emotional regulation processes that underlie the relationship between suicidality and current low mood, and how these processes differ between groups of never-suicidal (NS), suicidal ideators, and suicide attempters. As suicidality and depression are heterogeneous constructs, this study aimed to conduct within- and between-group comparisons of known suicide risk factors that are associated with emotion regulation (neuroticism, trait aggression, brooding, impulsivity, and overgeneral autobiographical memories)...
March 11, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292658/non-violent-and-violent-forms-of-childhood-abuse-in-the-prediction-of-suicide-attempts-direct-or-indirect-effects-through-psychiatric-disorders
#9
Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Ian H Stanley, Julia L Sheffler, Edward Selby, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Childhood abuse is linked to suicide. Potential pathways include the increased risk for the development of psychiatric disorders and the contribution of abuse to suicide capability. The current study compared the effects of childhood non-violent and violent abuse in the prediction of suicide attempts, and examined the potential mediated effects of psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Data from the National Comorbidity Surveys were obtained. At baseline, assessments of childhood non-violent abuse (e...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292331/the-ghent-psychotherapy-study-gps-on-the-differential-efficacy-of-supportive-expressive-and-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-in-dependent-and-self-critical-depressive-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Reitske Meganck, Mattias Desmet, Claudi Bockting, Ruth Inslegers, Femke Truijens, Melissa De Smet, Rosa De Geest, Kimberly Van Nieuwenhove, Vicky Hennissen, Goedele Hermans, Tom Loeys, Ufuoma Angelica Norman, Chris Baeken, Stijn Vanheule
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a leading cause of disease burden worldwide, indicating the importance of effective therapies. Outcome studies have shown overall efficacy of different types of psychotherapy across groups, yet large variability within groups. Although patient characteristics are considered crucial in understanding outcome, they have received limited research attention. This trial aims at investigating the interaction between therapeutic approach (pre-structured versus explorative) and the personality style of patients (dependent versus self-critical), which is considered a core underlying dimension of depressive pathology...
March 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290624/thick-melanoma-in-tuscany
#11
Alessandra Chiarugi, Paolo Nardini, Lorenzo Borgognoni, Paola Brandani, Gianni Gerlini, Pietro Rubegni, Arianna Lamberti, Camilla Salvini, Giovanni Lo Scocco, Roberto Cecchi, Riccardo Sirna, Stefano Lorenzi, Riccardo Gattai, Silvio Battistini, Emanuele Crocetti
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic trends of cutaneous melanoma are similar in several countries with a Western-type life style, where there is a progressive increasing incidence and a low but not decreasing mor- tality, or somewhere an increase too, especially in the older age groups. Also in Tuscany there is a steady rise in incidence with prevalence of in situ and invasive thin melanomas, with also an increase of thick melanomas. It is necessary to reduce the frequency of thick melanomas to reduce specific mortality...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288522/job-satisfaction-of-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-the-role-of-basic-psychological-need-fulfillment-and-workplace-participation
#12
Alma Akkerman, Sabina Kef, Herman P Meininger
PURPOSE: Knowledge on what contributes to job satisfaction of people with intellectual disabilities is limited. Using self-determination theory, we investigated whether fulfillment of basic psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, relatedness, competence) affected job satisfaction, and explored associations between workplace participation, need fulfillment and job satisfaction. METHOD: A total of 117 persons with intellectual disabilities, recruited from a Dutch care organization, were interviewed on need fulfillment at work and job satisfaction...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283695/restructuring-the-navigational-field-individual-predisposition-towards-field-independence-predicts-preferred-navigational-strategy
#13
Maddalena Boccia, Laura Piccardi, Adele D'Alessandro, Raffaella Nori, Cecilia Guariglia
To successfully navigate within an environment, individuals have to organize the spatial information in terms of salient landmarks, paths and general layout of the navigational environment. They may differ in the strategy they adopt to orientate themselves, with some individuals preferring to use salient landmarks (landmark spatial style, L-SS), others preferring to plan routes or paths through an egocentric strategy in which landmarks are connected with each other (route spatial style, R-SS) and others still create a global map-like configuration of the environment regardless of their own position in the environment (survey spatial style, S-SS)...
March 10, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282740/video-based-training-to-improve-perceptual-cognitive-decision-making-performance-of-australian-football-umpires
#14
Paul Larkin, Christopher Mesagno, Jason Berry, Michael Spittle, Jack Harvey
Decision-making is a central component of the in-game performance of Australian football umpires; however, current umpire training focuses largely on physiological development with decision-making skills development conducted via explicit lecture-style meetings with limited practice devoted to making actual decisions. Therefore, this study investigated the efficacy of a video-based training programme, aimed to provide a greater amount of contextualised visual experiences without explicit instruction, to improve decision-making skills of umpires...
March 4, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278227/do-children-born-to-teenage-parents-have-lower-adult-intelligence-a-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#15
Mohsina Khatun, Abdullah Al Mamun, James Scott, Gail M William, Alexandra Clavarino, Jake M Najman
Teenage motherhood has been associated with a wide variety of negative offspring outcomes including poorer cognitive development. In the context of limitations of previous research, this paper assesses the contemporary relevance of this finding. In this study we investigate the long-term cognitive status (IQ) among 21 year adult offspring born to teenage parents using the Mater University Study of Pregnancy- a prospective birth cohort study, which recruited all pregnant mothers attending a large obstetrical hospital in Brisbane, Australia, from 1981 to 1983...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266342/late-life-attachment
#16
Mélanie Freitas, Hassan Rahioui
Old age is likely to cause a crisis in one's life because of the vulnerabilities it brings up, acting as stressful elements disrupting the elder's feeling of security. It leads to the activation of what is called his attachment system, consisting in attachment styles and interpersonal emotional regulation strategies. To recover a higher sense of safety, the elder would refer to his attachment figures, that is to say closed people paying attention to him, showing towards him availability and consideration. However older adults particularly see their tolerance threshold lowered, regarding an accumulation of losses (true or symbolic) and stressful events within their lifetime...
March 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264148/shared-decision-making-and-providing-information-among-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-hematological-malignancies-and-their-informal-caregivers-not-one-size-fits-all
#17
J A J Rood, I H Nauta, B I Witte, F Stam, F J van Zuuren, A Manenschijn, P C Huijgens, I M Verdonck-de Leeuw, S Zweegman
OBJECTIVE: In order to optimize personalized medicine for patients with hematological malignancies (HM), knowledge on patient preferences with regard to information provision and shared decision-making (SDM) is of the utmost importance. The aim of this study was to investigate the SDM preference and the satisfaction with and need for information among newly diagnosed HM-patients and their informal caregivers, in relation to sociodemographic and clinical factors, cognitive coping style, and health related quality of life...
March 6, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262159/the-parental-bonding-instrument-a-psychometric-measure-to-assess-parenting-practices-in-the-homes-in-bangladesh
#18
A K M Rezaul Karim, Taslima Begum
There is growing importance of the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) in clinical practice and research on parenting and parental bonding. Since the development of this diagnostic tool (Parker et al., Brit. J. Med. Psycho.1979; 52:1-10), a number of validation studies have been done in various cultures. The aim of the present study was to translate the measure into Bangla and validate in Bangladeshi culture. A total of 200 adolescents participated in the study. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of the data from 191 participants (who provided complete responses) identified a two-factor (Care and Overprotection) structure of the PBI with 17 items...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257506/the-conspiratorial-style-in-lay-economic-thinking
#19
David Leiser, Nofar Duani, Pascal Wagner-Egger
This study investigates patterns of lay perception of economics, and in particular the place of conspiratorial thinking regarding the economic domain. We devised four types of accounts in the economic domain, over a range of questions regarding different aspects of the economy: the classical neo-liberal economic view (which we labeled Econ101), and the Conspiracy view (the destructive outcomes of economy are due to small and powerful groups who are manipulating the markets), to which we added the Government malfunction view (failures in the economy are due to the authorities), and the Bad Invisible Hand view (the invisible hand may go wrong, and the equilibrium reached by its doings may be undesirable)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249013/societal-perspective-on-access-to-publicly-subsidised-medicines-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-3080-adults-in-australia
#20
Lesley Chim, Glenn Salkeld, Patrick Kelly, Wendy Lipworth, Dyfrig A Hughes, Martin R Stockler
BACKGROUND: Around the world government agencies responsible for the selection and reimbursement of prescribed medicines and other health technologies are considering how best to bring community preferences into their decision making. In particular, community views about the distribution or equity of funding across the population. These official committees and agencies often have access to the best available and latest evidence on clinical effectiveness, safety and cost from large clinical trials and population-based studies...
2017: PloS One
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