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Vascular and Interventional Radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916018/incidental-findings-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-internal-auditory-meatus-performed-to-investigate-audiovestibular-symptoms
#1
H M Htun, S L Mui, C Williams, P S Hans
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of incidental findings found on magnetic resonance imaging scans of the internal auditory meatus performed to investigate audiovestibular symptoms, and to determine how to best manage these when found. METHOD: A retrospective review was conducted of internal auditory meatus magnetic resonance imaging scans during a three-month period in the radiology department at a UK district general hospital. RESULTS: A total of 109 scans were reviewed...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911067/-vascular-interventional-radiology-a-fundamental-procedure-for-the-management-of-paediatric-trauma
#2
E Bordón Cabrera, A Laín, R Gander, M Pérez Lafuente, I Díez Miranda, C G Fontecha, L Seidler, I Delgado, S Cañadas Palazón, J Lloret
INTRODUCTION: The management of active bleeding with haemodinamic lability in the paediatric trauma patient is difficult and generally leads to damage control surgery. Vascular Interventional Radiology (VIR) techniques are useful for the diagnosis as for the definitive treatment. AIM: The aim of our study was to describe our experience and evaluate effectiveness of VIR in the management of the paediatric trauma patient with active bleeding signs. METHODS: Retrospective analysis (2003-2014) of politraumatic patients who showed contrast blush on computed tomography and then treated by VIR techniques...
January 25, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903112/bypass-surgery-to-treat-symptomatic-fusiform-dilation-of-the-internal-carotid-artery-following-craniopharyngioma-resection-report-of-2-cases
#3
Long Wang, Xiang'en Shi, Fangjun Liu, Hai Qian
Fusiform dilation of the internal carotid artery (FDICA) is an infrequent vascular complication following resection of suprasellar lesions in the pediatric population, and its course appears to be benign without apparent clinical symptoms. However, data correlating symptomatic FDICA with bypass surgery are scarce. The authors here report 2 symptomatic cases that were treated using internal maxillary artery bypass more than 5 years after total removal of a craniopharyngioma at an outside institution. Both cases of FDICA were resected to relieve the mass effect and to expose the craniopharyngioma...
December 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886362/balloon-assisted-venous-access-salvage-through-a-thrombosed-arteriovenous-graft
#4
Chen Pong Wong, Karthikeyan Damodharan, Thijs A J Urlings, Sivanathan Chandramohan
INTRODUCTION: Maintaining vascular access by means of radiological intervention has become the mainstay of management of patients with central venous stenoses and occlusions (CVO), which can be challenging. We present a case of balloon-assisted percutaneous puncture of an occluded left subclavian vein, through a thrombosed arteriovenous graft, for a tunneled dialysis catheter insertion. METHODS: A thrombosed left arm arteriovenous graft was accessed, and the occluded left subclavian vein was traversed with 0...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846166/the-use-of-interventional-radiology-techniques-in-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-fistula
#5
Tomasz Miłek, Krzysztof Baranowski, Robert Petryka, Piotr Ciostek
: One of the complications of pancreatic disease is the formation of pancreatic fistulae. The presence of fistula leads to body wasting and cachexia. The standard treatment is intubation of the Wirsung duct and in cases where there are no improvements the next proposed form of treatment is surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of pancreatic fistula closure using interventional radiology techniques. In 2009 to 2014, 46 patients diagnosed with pancreatic fistula were treated with interventional radiology techniques...
November 14, 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844109/endovascular-therapy-research-in-lower-limb-peripheral-arterial-disease-published-over-a-5-year-period-who-is-publishing-and-where
#6
H Asadi, R J Lee, M Sheehan, P Thanaratam, D M Lee, A M Lee, M J Lee
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is being increasingly managed by endovascular therapies. In this study, we identified the clinical services publishing research as well as the journals of publication over a 5-year period. METHODS: Twenty keywords and phrases related to endovascular intervention were identified, and a literature search was performed through the PubMed database from January 2009 to January 2014. Inclusion criteria were English language, study population more than five patients, and matching the keyword search...
November 14, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815629/pulmonary-artery-perforation-and-coronary-air-embolism-two-fatal-outcomes-in-percutaneous-left-atrial-appendage-occlusion
#7
J Zwirner, R Bayer, C Hädrich, A Bollmann, N Klein, J Dreßler, B Ondruschka
Percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) closure is a routinely performed method to reduce the risk of stroke in patients suffering from atrial fibrillation, when an oral anticoagulation is no longer indicated due to relevant bleeding complications. Currently, the Amplatzer Amulet and the Watchman system are two equally used systems. While there is an acute success rate of more than 95 per cent for this intervention, several minor and major complications such as pericardial effusions, air embolism, vascular lesions in proximity to the heart or even death can occur...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815575/the-role-of-interventional-oncology-in-the-management-of-lung-cancer
#8
Ejona Duka, Anna Maria Ierardi, Chiara Floridi, Alberto Terrana, Federico Fontana, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Interventional radiological procedures for diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer have become increasingly important. Imaging-guided percutaneous biopsy has become the modality of choice for diagnosing lung cancer, and in the era of target therapies, it is an useful tool to define earlier patient-specific tumor phenotypes. In functionally inoperable patients, especially the ablative procedures are potentially curative alternatives to surgery. In addition to thermally ablative treatment, selective chemoembolization by a vascular access allows localized therapy...
November 4, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798059/quality-of-life-after-mitral-valve-intervention
#9
Matthew K H Tan, Omar A Jarral, Elizabeth H E Thong, Emaddin Kidher, Rakesh Uppal, Prakash P Punjabi, Thanos Athanasiou
Advancements in surgical technique and understanding of the pathophysiology of mitral valve (MV) dysfunction have led to improved outcomes. Seen as a development beyond measures of morbidity and mortality, health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) outcome measures are becoming increasingly popular. These measures are important because complications following routine (i.e. low-risk) operations on the MV are uncommon and further markers of outcome are needed. Surgeons are increasingly operating earlier on asymptomatic patients and will need to prove that HRQOL is not impacted...
October 20, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787368/living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-budd-chiari-syndrome-overcoming-a-troublesome-situation
#10
Cengiz Ara, Sami Akbulut, Volkan Ince, Serdar Karakas, Adil Baskiran, Sezai Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to report the detailed surgical techniques of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) in patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). METHODS: Demographic and surgical techniques characteristics of 39 patients with BCS who underwent LDLT were retrospectively reviewed. Thirty-two of them had native vena cava inferior (VCI) preservation and 6 had retrohepatic VCI resection with venous continuity established by cryopreserved VCI (n = 4) or aortic graft (n = 2)...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758995/pulmonary-stenting-for-the-treatment-of-sarcoid-induced-pulmonary-vascular-stenosis
#11
Jose F Condado, Vasilis Babaliaros, Travis S Henry, Brian Kaebnick, Dennis Kim, Gerald W Staton
BACKGROUND: The best treatment of patients with external pulmonary vascular compression due to advanced sarcoidosis is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To report a single-center experience of percutaneous treatment for pulmonary vascular stenosis caused by external compression due to advanced sarcoidosis. METHODS: We report a case series of 5 patients with biopsy confirmed advanced sarcoidosis, seen at our academic institution with worsening dyspnea despite increase of immunosuppressive therapy...
October 7, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757519/portal-supply-of-segment-iv-of-the-liver-based-on-ct-scan
#12
Roxane Maurer, Michel Rivoire, Valéria Basso, Pierre Meeus, Patrice Peyrat, Aurélien Dupré
BACKGROUND: The portal vascularization of segment IV (S4) of the liver has not been well described. Knowledge of the portal supply to S4 is of great interest for liver surgery and for interventional radiological procedures. This study aimed to analyse the distribution of portal vein branches supplying S4. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data from patients operated on for liver tumours between 2007 and 2016. Patients with involvement of S4 branches or the left portal vein, previous liver surgery or poor quality imaging were excluded...
October 18, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737955/vascular-graft-infections-mycotic-aneurysms-and-endovascular-infections-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#13
Walter R Wilson, Thomas C Bower, Mark A Creager, Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, Patrick T O'Gara, Peter B Lockhart, Rabih O Darouiche, Basel Ramlawi, Colin P Derdeyn, Ann F Bolger, Matthew E Levison, Kathryn A Taubert, Robert S Baltimore, Larry M Baddour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671152/balloon-occluded-retrograde-transvenous-obliteration-of-a-gastric-vascular-malformation-an-innovative-approach-to-treatment-of-a-rare-condition
#14
Catherine E Hansing, Joseph P Marquardt, Daniel M Sutton, John D York
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are a high-flow form of a vascular malformation, which can be found anywhere in the body. While historically treated surgically, a multidisciplinary approach utilizing multiple specialties and treatment modalities is now commonly employed. In order to effectively treat an AVM, the nidus must be targeted and eradicated, which can be done via multiple approaches. We present the case of a 43-year-old male with a gastric wall AVM, which was initially incompletely treated using a percutaneous transarterial approach...
September 26, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624775/interventional-radiology-and-bleeding-disorders-what-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeon-needs-to-know
#15
Laura Gart, Antoine M Ferneini
Endovascular techniques are essential for controlling acute head and neck bleeding that cannot be controlled by local or systemic measures. Detailed knowledge of the head and neck vascular anatomy, advances in catheterization techniques, and the availability of new embolic materials have improved the safety, efficacy, and predictability of these procedures. To improve patient safety, the oral and maxillofacial surgeon must be familiar with these techniques.
November 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607323/the-clinical-spectrum-of-kaposiform-hemangioendothelioma-and-tufted-angioma
#16
Stacy E Croteau, Deepti Gupta
Kasposiform hemoangioendothelioma (KHE) and tufted angioma (TA) are classifed as vascular tumors with locally aggressive and benign growth potential, respectively, within the classification schema proposed by the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. A unique feature of these vascular tumors is the risk of Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon (KMP), a severe thrombocytopenia with mild to moderate coagulopathy resulting from intralesional platelet trapping. As with many vascular anomalies, accurate description of clinical course, responses to therapy, and long-term outcomes have been hindered by lesion misidentification, imprecise nomenclature, and lack of prospective, randomized clinical trials to assess therapeutic efficacy...
September 2016: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607121/arterio-venous-malformations-of-the-nose-combined-approach-for-a-successful-strategy
#17
Daria Almesberger, Francesco Manna, Gianni Franco Guarneri, Andrea Marchesi, Pier Camillo Parodi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the vascular malformations of the head and neck. They are uncommon lesions, but some areas have a significant potential for fatality, due to their massive bleeding. The vascular anatomy of the nose carries a high recurrence rate, due to the unique characteristic of the nose, especially if deep vascular connection is present. METHODS: The present article describes 2 patients of nasal dorsum arteriovenous malformations, both using a combined procedure: preoperative selective embolization, en-bloc tumor resection, and reconstruction with a forehead flap...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602910/when-are-ct-angiograms-indicated-for-patients-with-lower-extremity-fractures-a-review-of-275-extremities
#18
Shafagh Monazzam, Parker B Goodell, Edgardo S Salcedo, Sandahl H Nelson, Philip R Wolinsky
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography Angiogram (CTA) is frequently utilized to detect vascular injuries even without exam findings indicating a vascular injury. We had the following hypotheses: 1) a CTA for lower extremity fractures with no clinical signs of a vascular injury is not indicated. 2) fracture location and pattern would correlate with the risk of a vascular injury. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on patients who had an acute lower extremity fracture(s) and a CTA...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574323/use-of-human-cadaveric-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-cell-therapy-of-a-chronic-radiation-induced-skin-lesion-a-case-report
#19
M Portas, E Mansilla, H Drago, D Dubner, A Radl, A Coppola, M Di Giorgio
Acute and late radiation-induced injury on skin and subcutaneous tissues are associated with substantial morbidity in radiation therapy, interventional procedures and also are of concern in the context of nuclear or radiological accidents. Pathogenesis is initiated by depletion of acutely responding epithelial tissues and damage to vascular endothelial microvessels. Efforts for medical management of severe radiation-induced lesions have been made. Nevertheless, the development of strategies to promote wound healing, including stem cell therapy, is required...
September 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569677/underrepresentation-of-women-and-minorities-in-the-united-states-ir-academic-physician-workforce
#20
Mikhail C S S Higgins, Wei-Ting Hwang, Chase Richard, Christina H Chapman, Angelique Laporte, Stefan Both, Charles R Thomas, Curtiland Deville
PURPOSE: To assess the United States interventional radiology (IR) academic physician workforce diversity and comparative specialties. METHODS: Public registries were used to assess demographic differences among 2012 IR faculty and fellows, diagnostic radiology (DR) faculty and residents, DR subspecialty fellows (pediatric, abdominal, neuroradiology, and musculoskeletal), vascular surgery and interventional cardiology trainees, and 2010 US medical school graduates and US Census using binomial tests with ...
December 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
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