Read by QxMD icon Read

Postpartum mood anxiety disorders

Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen, Tavis S Campbell, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Nicole L Letourneau, Linda E Carlson, Joshua W Madsen, Sona Dimidjian
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant psychological distress in pregnancy is common, with epidemiological research suggesting that between 15 and 25 % of pregnant women experience elevated symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression. Untreated psychological distress in pregnancy is associated with poor obstetrical outcomes, changes in maternal physiology, elevated incidence of child physical and psychological disorders, and is predictive of maternal postpartum mood disorders. Despite the wide-ranging impact of antenatal psychological distress on mothers and their children, there is a gap in our knowledge about the most effective treatments that are available for psychological distress experienced in pregnancy...
October 13, 2016: Trials
Karin M Burgerhout, Astrid M Kamperman, Sabine J Roza, Mijke P Lambregtse-Van den Berg, Kathelijne M Koorengevel, Witte J G Hoogendijk, Steven A Kushner, Veerle Bergink
OBJECTIVE: Postpartum psychosis is an acute and severe mood disorder. Although the prognosis is generally good, postpartum psychosis is a highly stressful life-event presumed to have a major impact on functioning and well-being beyond the acute stage of the illness. We studied functional recovery, including psychosocial functioning and the presence of psychological distress, in patients with a recent diagnosis of postpartum psychosis. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with postpartum psychosis consecutively admitted for inpatient hospitalization between 2005 and 2011 were assessed 9 months postpartum...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Lucy Church Barker, Paul Kurdyak, Kinwah Fung, Flora I Matheson, Simone Vigod
Mental health conditions are one of the most common reasons for postpartum emergency department (ED) visits. Characteristics of women using the ED and their mental health service use before presentation are unknown. We characterized all women in Ontario, Canada (2006-2012), who delivered a live born infant and had a psychiatric ED visit within 1 year postpartum (n = 8728). We compared those whose ED visit was the first physician mental health contact since delivery to those who had accessed mental health services on specific indicators of marginalization hypothesized to be associated with lower likelihood of mental health contact prior to the ED visit...
August 11, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Elaine K H Tham, Joyce Tan, Yap-Seng Chong, Kenneth Kwek, Seang-Mai Saw, Oon-Hoe Teoh, Daniel Y T Goh, Michael J Meaney, Birit F P Broekman
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of depression and anxiety are common during pregnancy and the postnatal period. A risk factor for mood disorders is poor sleep quality. In this study we investigate the effects of poor subjective prenatal sleep quality on postnatal depressive and anxiety symptoms, independent of prenatal depression or anxiety, amongst pregnant women in the general population. METHODS: We analysed data from a subset of women taking part in a prospective cohort study, Growing Up in Singapore towards Healthy Outcomes...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Shu-Chuan Weng, Jung-Chen Chang, Ming-Kung Yeh, Shun-Mu Wang, Yi-Hua Chen
The aims of study were to investigate risk factors associated with attempted and completed suicide. This nested case-control study was conducted using the medical and death data of nearly all pregnant women for the period 2002-2012 in Taiwan. A total of 139 cases of attempted suicide and 95 cases of completed suicide were identified; for each case, 10 controls were randomly selected and matched to the cases according to age and year of delivery. A conditional logistic regression model was used. The mean attempted and completed suicide rates were 9...
2016: Scientific Reports
Matthew E Glover, Sarah M Clinton
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been a mainstay pharmacological treatment for women experiencing depression during pregnancy and postpartum for the past 25 years. SSRIs act via blockade of the presynaptic serotonin transporter and result in a transient increase in synaptic serotonin. Long-lasting changes in cellular function such as serotonergic transmission, neurogenesis, and epigenetics, are thought to underlie the therapeutic benefits of SSRIs. In recent years, though, growing evidence in clinical and preclinical settings indicate that offspring exposed to SSRIs in utero or as neonates exhibit long-lasting behavioral adaptions...
June 2016: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Jennifer N Felder, Elizabeth Lemon, Kerry Shea, Kate Kripke, Sona Dimidjian
Self-compassion is associated with depression and anxiety in general samples. Although recent research indicates that dysfunctional maternal attitudes predict the development of perinatal depression and anxiety symptoms, no research to date has examined the construct of self-compassion and its relationship with psychological well-being in perinatal women. Pregnant and postpartum women (N = 189) completed self-report measures of depression and anxiety history, current depression and anxiety symptom severity, and self-compassion...
August 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Nichole Fairbrother, Patricia Janssen, Martin M Antony, Emma Tucker, Allan H Young
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and related disorders (AD) disproportionately affect women, and are the most prevalent of all mental health conditions. The current research represents the first study of maternal postpartum AD prevalence in which all of the AD are assessed, and one of few studies of this type in which maternal prenatal AD incidence is assessed. METHODS: A Canadian sample of pregnant women (N=310) was recruited from a defined geographical area between November 2007 and November 2010...
August 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Alyson L Kepple, Ellen E Lee, Nazli Haq, David R Rubinow, Peter J Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: Overlapping comorbidities between premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) and postpartum depression (PPD) suggest that these disorders represent a continuum of vulnerability with shared pathophysiology. We report the past histories of PPD (and other Axis I psychiatric illnesses) in a clinic-based sample of women meeting criteria for PMDD. METHODS: 215 women, ages 19 to 51 years, who attended the National Institute of Mental Health Mood Disorders Clinic between 1988 and 2013 seeking treatment for PMDD and in whom we confirmed the diagnosis of PMDD (DSM-IV), were identified...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Mary C Kimmel, S Lara-Cinisomo, K Melvin, A Di Florio, A Brandon, S Meltzer-Brody
Perinatal patients with bipolar and psychotic mood disorder exacerbations are challenging to treat and often receive suboptimal care. We sought to examine the treatment patterns and outcomes on one of the only US-based Perinatal Psychiatry Inpatient Units (PPIU). Perinatal patients admitted to the PPIU completed self-report measures at admission and before discharge. Retrospective chart reviews extracted history, diagnoses (current and past), and medication treatment. Patients who had discharge diagnoses of bipolar disorder, major depression with psychotic features, or postpartum psychosis were included...
August 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
T Leigh Signal, Sarah-Jane Paine, Bronwyn Sweeney, Diane Muller, Monique Priston, Kathryn Lee, Philippa Gander, Mark Huthwaite
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of symptoms of depression and anxiety, and the level of life stress and worry in late pregnancy for Māori and non-Māori women. METHODS: In late pregnancy, women completed a questionnaire recording their prior history of mood disorders; self-reported current depressive symptoms (⩾13 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), current anxiety symptoms (⩾6 on the anxiety items from the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), significant life stress (⩾2 items on life stress scale) and dysfunctional worry (>12 on the Brief Measure of Worry Scale)...
January 20, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Nursing for Women's Health
Ali Fathi-Ashtiani, Ahmad Ahmadi, Bagher Ghobari-Bonab, Mohammed Parsa Azizi, Sayeh Moosavi Saheb-Alzamani
BACKGROUND: The current study was conducted to examine the effect of cognitive behavior therapy on the reduction postpartum mood disorder and increasing the self-esteem of at-risk Iranian mothers. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 135 at-risk mothers were selected from the population by means of cluster sampling and randomly assigned into one of two groups: Intervention (n = 64), or control (n = 71). The control group received usual medical care, and the intervention group received an eight sessions' cognitive behavior program during pregnancy...
2015: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Vathsala Sagayadevan, Siau Pheng Lee, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi Vaingankar, Helen Chen, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: The perinatal period has been identified as a period of vulnerability for various disorders (particularly anxiety and depressive disorders), which have been associated with negative outcomes for both mother and infant. The current study utilized data from the Singapore Mental Health Study (SMHS) to examine the temporal relationship between mental disorders and the perinatal period, as well as associated risk factors. METHODS: Life table estimation method was used to derive the estimated hazard rate for any mood or anxiety disorders following pregnancy...
2015: BMC Women's Health
Raphael Ayache, Sarah Benticha, Nelly Goutaudier, Henri Chabrol
PURPOSE: While many studies on mood disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following childbirth have been conducted, little is known regarding posttraumatic growth (PTG) and disordered eating in the postpartum period. This study aims to (a) identify the typology of women following childbirth based on anxiety, depressive, PTSD symptoms and level of PTG and (b) evaluate whether these profiles differ on disordered eating symptoms. METHODS: Up to 2 years after childbirth, 306 French-speaking mothers [mean age (SD) = 29...
June 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Shaila Misri, Elena Swift
OBJECTIVES: Comorbid generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) in perinatal women is often under-diagnosed, resulting in suboptimal treatment and leading to significant maternal dysfunction. We describe a prospective, longitudinal study of the course, treatment outcomes, and quality of life (QoL) in pregnant and postpartum women with MDD and anxiety disorders. METHODS: Two separate cohorts of women were recruited through the Reproductive Mental Health Program, Women's and Children's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, for pharmacotherapy of depressed mood...
September 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
S Bydlowski
OBJECTIVES: Focusing on the mother's postpartum psychological and psychiatric disorders. METHOD: Bibliographic research carried out by the data banks and the recommendations of learned societies from the following French words translated into English: postpartum, perinatal, postpartum, breastfeeding, birth, weaning, peripartum, lactation, postnatal, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, depression, anxiety, psychosis. These keywords were combined with the following words: prevalence, incidence, recurrence, development, identification, scale, assessment, test, father, man, husband, partner, hormones, treatment, intervention, prevention, testing, therapy, medicine, medication, to prescribe, prescription...
December 2015: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Young-Jae Lee, Sang-Wook Yi, Da-Hye Ju, Sang-Soo Lee, Woo-Seok Sohn, In-Ju Kim
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and correlates of the postpartum depression and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. METHODS: One hundred sixty six women were assessed around 10th to 14th days after delivery in Gangneung Asan Hospital, Korea, from September 2011 to March 2012. We checked their risk factors for postpartum depressive disorders using the Beck Depression Inventory and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder was evaluated retrospectively and was defined as having more than 5 of the following 10 symptoms: breast tenderness, bloating, headache, peripheral edema (hand and foot), depressive symptoms, anger, irritability, anxiety, oversensitivity, and exaggerated mood swings...
September 2015: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Sonia Parial
Bipolar affective disorder in women is a challenging disorder to treat. It is unique in its presentation in women and characterized by later age of onset, seasonality, atypical presentation, and a higher degree of mixed episodes. Medical and psychiatric co-morbidity adversely affects recovery from the bipolar disorder (BD) more often in women. Co-morbidity, particularly thyroid disease, migraine, obesity, and anxiety disorders occur more frequently in women while substance use disorders are more common in men...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Nichole Fairbrother, Allan H Young, Patricia Janssen, Martin M Antony, Emma Tucker
BACKGROUND: Mood and anxiety and related disorders (AD) account for a significant proportion of mental health conditions, with close to 30 % of the population (28.8 %) suffering from an AD at some time in their life, and over fifteen percent (16.2 %) suffering from a mood disorder. The existing empirical literature leaves a number of important gaps with respect to our understanding of mood, anxiety and stress related difficulties among pregnant and postpartum women. The objective of this research is to address these...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"