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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278536/ability-of-functional-performance-tests-to-identify-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#1
Adam B Rosen, Alan R Needle, Jupil Ko
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to determine the effectiveness of functional performance tests (FPTs) in differentiating between individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) and healthy controls. DATA SOURCES: The National Library of Medicine Catalog (PubMed), the Cumulative Index for Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and the SPORTDiscus, from inception to June 2017 were searched. Search terms consisted of: "Functional Performance Test*" OR "Dynamic Balance Test*" OR "Postural Stability Test*" OR "Star Excursion Balance Test*" OR "Hop Test*" AND "Ankle Instability" OR "Ankle Sprain...
December 22, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234555/spinal-and-peripheral-dry-needling-versus-peripheral-dry-needling-alone-among-individuals-with-a-history-of-lateral-ankle-sprain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Ainsley Rossi, Sara Blaustein, Joshua Brown, Kari Dieffenderfer, Elaine Ervin, Steven Griffin, Elizabeth Frierson, Kathleen Geist, Marie Johanson
Background: In addition to established interventions, dry needling may reduce impairments leading to greater functional abilities for individuals following ankle sprain. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare effects of spinal and peripheral dry needling (DN) with peripheral DN alone on impairments and functional performance among individuals with a history of lateral ankle sprain. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201925/a-comparison-of-nonoperative-and-operative-treatment-of-complete-proximal-hamstring-ruptures
#3
Braidy C Shambaugh, Joshua R Olsen, Edward Lacerte, Ethan Kellum, Suzanne L Miller
Background: The early repair of acute proximal hamstring ruptures provides better clinical results than delayed repair. However, it is unclear how nonoperative treatment compares with the operative treatment of these injuries. Purpose: To compare the clinical results of the nonoperative and operative treatment of acute proximal hamstring ruptures. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: A total of 25 patients with complete, retracted proximal hamstring ruptures presenting to 1 institution were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168225/gaba-modulating-phytomedicines-for-anxiety-a-systematic-review-of-preclinical-and-clinical-evidence
#4
REVIEW
Karen Savage, Joseph Firth, Con Stough, Jerome Sarris
Anxiety disorders are chronic and functionally disabling conditions with high psychological stress, characterised by cognitive symptoms of excessive worry and focus difficulties and physiological symptoms such as muscle tension and insomnia. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is an inhibitory neurotransmitter within the central nervous system and is a key target of pharmacotherapies in the treatment of anxiety. Although current pharmaceutical treatments are often efficacious, they may cause undesirable side effects including cognitive decrements and withdrawal symptoms...
November 23, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138919/low-re-rupture-rate-with-bptb-autograft-and-semitendinosus-gracilis-autograft-with-preserved-insertions-in-acl-reconstruction-surgery-in-sports-persons
#5
Ravi Gupta, Munish Sood, Anubhav Malhotra, Gladson David Masih, Anil Kapoor, Mukta Raghav, Mehar Dhillon
PURPOSE: To compare the results of bone-patellar tendon-bone graft (BPTB), semitendinosus-gracilis graft with preserved insertions (STGPI) and semitendinosus-gracilis-free graft (STGF) in terms of graft failure, objective mechanical stability, functional outcome, and return to sports in elite and recreational sports persons. It was hypothesized that the STGPI graft provided superior outcome as compared to the other two grafts. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-nine elite and recreational players who underwent ACL reconstruction surgery, with BPTB graft (N = 80), STGPI graft (N = 85), and STGF graft (N = 84) with a minimum follow-up of 2 years, were assessed using clinical tests, knee arthrometer (KT 1000™), single-leg hop test, Lysholm knee score, Tegner's activity scale, and return to sports...
November 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068725/calf-muscle-performance-deficits-remain-7-years-after-an-achilles-tendon-rupture
#6
Annelie Brorsson, Karin Grävare Silbernagel, Nicklas Olsson, Katarina Nilsson Helander
BACKGROUND: Optimizing calf muscle performance seems to play an important role in minimizing impairments and symptoms after an Achilles tendon rupture (ATR). The literature lacks long-term follow-up studies after ATR that describe calf muscle performance over time. PURPOSE: The primary aim was to evaluate calf muscle performance and patient-reported outcomes at a mean of 7 years after ATR in patients included in a prospective, randomized controlled trial. A secondary aim was to evaluate whether improvement in calf muscle performance continued after the 2-year follow-up...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058077/does-synovialization-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-have-a-positive-effect-on-functional-performance-outcomes-scores-stability-and-muscle-strength-a-2-year-follow-up-study-after-reconstruction
#7
Kyu Sung Chung, Jeong Ku Ha, Ho Jong Ra, Sang Bum Kim, Gu Hyun Lee, Jin Goo Kim
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of synovialization of graft following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) on functional performance test (FPT) and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Eighty-four male patients who underwent second-look arthroscopy at 2-year follow-up after unilateral ACLR using hamstring autograft were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were categorized by synovial coverage into A group (42 subjects, poor synovial coverage) and B group (42 subjects, good synovial coverage)...
December 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900562/a-biomechanical-comparison-among-three-kinds-of-rebound-type-jumps-in-female-collegiate-athletes
#8
Miki Nariai, Naruto Yoshida, Atsushi Imai, Kazumichi Ae, Ryo Ogaki, Hirokazu Suhara, Hitoshi Shiraki
BACKGROUND: Single-legged drop jumps (SDJ), single-legged repetitive jumps (SRJ), and single-legged side hops (SSH) are often used as plyometric training and functional performance tests. Differences in the kinetics and kinematic characteristics of lower extremity joints during these jumps are unclear. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the joint motion and mechanical work of the takeoff leg from foot contact to foot-off during SDJ, SRJ, and SSH in the sagittal and frontal planes in female athletes...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892648/long-term-outcomes-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-using-either-synthetics-with-remnant-preservation-or-hamstring-autografts-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#9
Tianwu Chen, Peng Zhang, Jiwu Chen, Yinghui Hua, Shiyi Chen
BACKGROUND: The optimal graft choice of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction remains controversial. PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes, especially the long-term cumulative failure rate, of ACL reconstruction using either synthetics with remnant preservation or hamstring autografts (4-strand semitendinosus and gracilis tendons). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. METHODS: A total of 133 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction (synthetics: n = 43; hamstring autografts: n = 90) between July 2004 and December 2007 were included...
October 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515972/determination-of-clinically-relevant-differences-in-frontal-plane-hop-tests-in-women-s-collegiate-basketball-and-soccer-players
#10
Kelly Hardesty, Eric J Hegedus, Kevin R Ford, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Jeffrey B Taylor
BACKGROUND: ACL injury prevention programs are less successful in female basketball players than in soccer players. Previous authors have identified anthropometric and biomechanical differences between the athletes and different sport-specific demands, including a higher frequency of frontal plane activities in basketball. Current injury risk screening and preventive training practices do not place a strong emphasis on frontal plane activities. The medial and lateral triple hop for distance tests may be beneficial for use in the basketball population...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459885/a-statistically-compiled-test-battery-for-feasible-evaluation-of-knee-function-after-rupture-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-derived-from-long-term-follow-up-data
#11
Lina Schelin, Eva Tengman, Patrik Ryden, Charlotte Häger
PURPOSE: Clinical test batteries for evaluation of knee function after injury to the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) should be valid and feasible, while reliably capturing the outcome of rehabilitation. There is currently a lack of consensus as to which of the many available assessment tools for knee function that should be included. The present aim was to use a statistical approach to investigate the contribution of frequently used tests to avoid redundancy, and filter them down to a proposed comprehensive and yet feasible test battery for long-term evaluation after ACL injury...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428033/a-critical-analysis-of-limb-symmetry-indices-of-hop-tests-in-athletes-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-case-control-study
#12
A Gokeler, W Welling, A Benjaminse, K Lemmink, R Seil, S Zaffagnini
BACKGROUND: Hop tests are frequently used to determine return to sports (RTS) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Given that bilateral deficits are present after ACLR, this may result in a falsely high limb symmetry index (LSI), since LSI is calculated as a ratio between the values of the limbs. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes after ACLR would achieve LSI>90% for the hop test. Secondly, athletes after ACLR demonstrate decreased jump distance on the single hop for distance (SLH) and triple leg hop for distance (TLH) and decreased number of hops for the side hop (SH) for both involved and uninvolved limbs compared to normative data of sex, age and type of sports matched healthy athletes...
April 17, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361285/evaluation-of-lower-limb-kinetics-during-gait-sprint-and-hop-tests-before-and-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#13
Joaquín Moya-Angeler, Javier Vaquero, Francisco Forriol
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional status prior to and at different times after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), and to analyze the changes in the kinetic patterns of the involved and uninvolved lower limb during gait, sprint and three hop tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-four male patients with an ACL injury were included in the study. All patients performed a standardized kinetic protocol including gait, sprint and three hop tests (single-leg hop, drop vertical jump and vertical jump tests), preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months after ACLR with a semitendinosus gracilis tendon autograft...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301433/a-comparison-of-bilateral-muscular-imbalance-ratio-calculations-using-functional-tests
#14
Theodoros M Bampouras, Susan Dewhurst
Bilateral muscular imbalance can increase the risk of injury and negatively impact sporting performance. Bilateral muscular imbalances are typically calculated as ((side 1-side 2)/reference value) x 100, to provide a percentage value of the difference between limbs. Using different numerator (right-left or strong-weak) or reference values (left, right, strong, weak, average of the two) could mask or inflate the true difference value. The present study aimed to compare the bilateral muscular imbalance ratio calculations, using the absolute difference between limbs as the numerator and the five different options as reference values...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192831/training-effects-of-the-fifa-11-and-harmoknee-on-several-neuromuscular-parameters-of-physical-performance-measures
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Francisco Ayala, Carlos Pomares-Noguera, Francisco Javier Robles-Palazón, Maria Del Pilar García-Vaquero, Ignacio Ruiz-Pérez, Sergio Hernández-Sánchez, Mark De Ste Croix
The main purpose of this study was to analyse the training effects of the FIFA 11+ and Harmoknee on several parameters of physical performance measures in youth amateur football players. 41 adolescent players were randomised within each team into 2 groups (team 1: control vs. FIFA 11+; team 2: control vs. Harmoknee). The FIFA 11+ and Harmoknee groups performed the program 3 times a week for 4 weeks; the control groups completed their usual warm-up routines. 13 physical performance measures (joint range of motion, dynamic postural control, single legged hop limb symmetry, sprint time, jumping height and agility) were assessed...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186834/elevated-knee-joint-kinetics-and-reduced-ankle-kinetics-are-present-during-jogging-and-hopping-after-achilles-tendon-ruptures
#16
Richard W Willy, Annelie Brorsson, Hayley C Powell, John D Willson, Roy Tranberg, Karin Grävare Silbernagel
BACKGROUND: Deficits in plantarflexor function are common after an Achilles tendon rupture. These deficits may result in an altered distribution of joint loads during lower extremity tasks. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that, regardless of treatment, the Achilles tendon-ruptured limb would exhibit deficits in ankle kinematics and joint power while exhibiting elevated knee joint power and patellofemoral joint loads during walking, jogging, and hopping. We further hypothesized that this loading pattern would be most evident during jogging and hopping...
April 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146394/functional-performance-among-active-female-soccer-players-after-unilateral-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-compared-with-knee-healthy-controls
#17
Anne Fältström, Martin Hägglund, Joanna Kvist
BACKGROUND: Good functional performance with limb symmetry is believed to be important to minimize the risk of injury after a return to pivoting and contact sports after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate any side-to-side limb differences in functional performance and movement asymmetries in female soccer players with a primary unilateral anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-reconstructed knee and to compare these players with knee-healthy controls from the same soccer teams...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038341/standing-balance-and-inter-limb-balance-asymmetry-at-one-year-post-primary-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-sex-differences-in-a-cohort-study-of-414-patients
#18
Ross A Clark, Stuart W Bell, Julian A Feller, Timothy S Whitehead, Kate E Webster
BACKGROUND: Static standing balance can be safely assessed early following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), and deficits may have important implications for long-term outcomes. This study includes a large cohort of people post-ACLR and has the primary aim of establishing whether inter-limb and sex differences exist, with a secondary aim of assessing the association between static balance variables and other outcome measures. METHODS: A total of 414 patients with a primary ACLR performed a 30-s static single leg balance test...
February 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998667/validity-and-reliability-of-a-novel-instrumented-one-legged-hop-test-in-patients-with-knee-injuries
#19
Karin Mani, William F Brechue, Bernd Friesenbichler, Nicola A Maffiuletti
BACKGROUND: Conventional one-legged hop tests simply evaluate the total hop distance, thus neglecting important temporal and spatial parameters related to the strategy of execution, such as foot contact time. AIM: To examine the validity and reliability of an instrumented one-legged hop test, the "four hops, three contacts" (4H3C) test, in patients with knee injuries. METHODS: The 4H3C test consists of four consecutive one-legged hops, of which individual hop distance and foot contact time are recorded by a validated floor-based photocell system...
December 17, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904796/functional-hop-tests-and-tuck-jump-assessment-scores-between-female-division-i-collegiate-athletes-participating-in-high-versus-low-acl-injury-prone-sports-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#20
Philipp Hoog, Meghan Warren, Craig A Smith, Nicole J Chimera
BACKGROUND: Although functional tests including the single leg hop (SLH), triple hop (TH), cross over hop (COH) for distance, and the tuck jump assessment (TJA) are used for return to play (RTP) criteria for post anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, sport-specific baseline measurements are limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in SLH, TH, and COH distance and limb symmetry index (LSI), as well as total scores, number of jumps, and individual flaws of the TJA in 97 injury-free Division I (DI) collegiate female student athletes participating in ACL injury prone vs...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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