Read by QxMD icon Read

Borderline personality disorder and sleep

Jeremy L Grove, Timothy W Smith, Sheila E Crowell, Jennifer H Ellis
Sleep disturbance is common in borderline personality disorder (BPD), yet the reasons for this association are not clear. The present study sought to extend prior studies by testing emotion dysregulation as a mechanism underlying this association. We administered self-report measures of sleep quality (SQ), emotion dysregulation, and borderline features to two cross-sectional samples of undergraduates (sample 1: N = 293; sample 2: N = 188). In addition to replicating prior studies linking BPD features to poor SQ, analyses indicated that BPD features related to emotion dysregulation were most strongly correlated with poorer global SQ across both samples...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Personality Disorders
Cheng-Che Shen, Li-Yu Hu, Shih-Jen Tsai, Albert C Yang, Pan-Ming Chen, Ya-Han Hu
AIM: To develop a risk stratification model for the early diagnosis of borderline personality disorder (BPD) using Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study of 6132 patients (292 BPD patients and 5840 control subjects) who were selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database. Psychiatric co-morbidities including depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorder, substance-use disorder, personality disorders other than BPD, sleep disorder, eating disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, mental retardation and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, which were diagnosed within 3 years before enrolment, were collected...
September 1, 2016: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Henri Chabrol, Charline Beck, Stéphanie Laconi
The Marijuana Motives Measure (MMM), which is derived from a scale measuring alcohol use motives, has been the main instrument used to explore the role of motives in cannabis use and related problems. Two studies attempted to developed specific cannabis use motives but none of them showed a unique association to cannabis use and problems when controlling for MMM motives. The aim of our study was to examine if additional motives contributed to problematic use beyond MMM motives and psychopathological symptoms...
August 10, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Chiara Baglioni, Svetoslava Nanovska, Wolfram Regen, Kai Spiegelhalder, Bernd Feige, Christoph Nissen, Charles F Reynolds, Dieter Riemann
Investigating sleep in mental disorders has the potential to reveal both disorder-specific and transdiagnostic psychophysiological mechanisms. This meta-analysis aimed at determining the polysomnographic (PSG) characteristics of several mental disorders. Relevant studies were searched through standard strategies. Controlled PSG studies evaluating sleep in affective, anxiety, eating, pervasive developmental, borderline and antisocial personality disorders, attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and schizophrenia were included...
July 14, 2016: Psychological Bulletin
S Roepke, H Danker-Hopfe, D Repantis, B Behnia, F Bernard, M-L Hansen, C Otte
Objective: Centrally active α-1-adrenergic-receptor antagonists such as prazosin are effective in the treatment of nightmares in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A pharmacological alternative is doxazosin, which has a longer half-life and fewer side effects. However, doxazosin is currently being used without solid empirical evidence. Furthermore, no study so far has assessed the effects of α-1-antagonists on nightmares in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). We retrospectively assessed the effectiveness of doxazosin on nightmares in PTSD and BPD...
June 8, 2016: Pharmacopsychiatry
Nira A Goldstein, Michael Gorynski, Candice Yip, Jonathan Harounian, Harris Huberman, Jeremy Weedon
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the developmental status of young children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) as measured by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ-3) and to evaluate improvement after treatment. METHODS: The ASQ-3 was completed at entry, 3 months and 6 months after adenotonsillectomy or adenoidectomy. The questionnaire consists of 30 items that assess five domains: communication, gross motor, fine motor, problem solving and personal-social...
June 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Suzet Tanya Lereya, Catherine Winsper, Nicole K Y Tang, Dieter Wolke
Sleep disorders, such as insomnia and nightmares, are commonly associated with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) in adulthood. Whether nightmares and sleep-onset and maintenance problems predate BPD symptoms earlier in development is unknown. We addressed this gap in the literature using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Participants included 6050 adolescents (51.4 % female) who completed the UK Childhood Interview for DSM-IV BPD at 11 to 12 years of age. Nightmares and sleep onset and maintenance problems were prospectively assessed via mother report when children were 2...
April 25, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Sara Lena Weinhold, Robert Göder, Astrid Pabst, Anna-Lena Scharff, Maggie Schauer, Paul Christian Baier, Josef Aldenhoff, Thomas Elbert, Mareen Seeck-Hirschner
Most individuals diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have been exposed to severe and traumatic stressors and thus frequently present with symptoms of a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Severe sleep disturbances often accompany these complex cases, but changes of sleep parameters during therapy and the impact of sleep on treatment response have barely been studied. Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) is an evidence-based approach for the treatment of trauma-related psychological disorders...
March 12, 2016: Journal of Neural Transmission
Dagna Skrzypińska, Barbara Szmigielska
This paper presents an analysis of dream-reality confusion (DRC) in relation to the characteristics of borderline personality disorder (BPD), based on research findings and theoretical considerations. It is hypothesized that people with BPD are more likely to experience DRC compared to people in non-clinical population. Several variables related to this hypothesis were identified through a theoretical analysis of the scientific literature. Sleep disturbances: problems with sleep are found in 15-95.5% of people with BPD (Hafizi, 2013), and unstable sleep and wake cycles, which occur in BPD (Fleischer et al...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Franc Paul, Michael Schredl, Georg W Alpers
BACKGROUND: Nightmares and bad dreams are common in people with emotional disturbances. For example, nightmares are a core symptom in posttraumatic stress disorder and about 50% of borderline personality disorder patients suffer from frequent nightmares. Independent of mental disorders, nightmares are often associated with sleep problems such as prolonged sleep latencies, poorer sleep quality, and daytime sleepiness. It has not been well documented whether this is reflected in objectively quantifiable physiological indices of sleep quality...
2015: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Christophe Huỳnh, Jean-Marc Guilé, Jean-Jacques Breton, Roger Godbout
Sleep-wake patterns are rarely examined in adolescents with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or bipolar disorder (BD). Within a developmental perspective, this study explores the sleep-wake cycle of adolescents aged 12-17 years with BPD or BD and healthy controls (HC) during periods with and without entrainment by school/work schedules. Eighteen euthymic BPD, six euthymic BD, and 20 HC adolescents wore wrist actigraphy during nine consecutive days to assess sleep-wake patterns. During school/work days, BPD adolescents spent more time awake when they were in bed compared to HC and BD adolescents (p = 0...
April 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Claus Reinsberger, Rani Sarkis, Christos Papadelis, Chiran Doshi, David L Perez, Gaston Baslet, Tobias Loddenkemper, Barbara A Dworetzky
Disturbances of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) are common in neuropsychiatric disorders. Disease specific alterations of both sympathetic and parasympathetic activity can be assessed by heart rate variability (HRV), whereas electrodermal activity (EDA) can assess sympathetic activity. In posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), parasympathetic HRV parameters are typically decreased and EDA is increased, whereas in major depressive disorder (MDD) and dissociation, both parasympathetic and sympathetic markers are decreased...
January 2015: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
Catherine Winsper, Nicole K Y Tang
Insomnia can be lethal, increasing the risk of suicide and accidental death by overdose. In this review we present a synthesis of the literature investigating the insomnia-suicide link and the psychological mechanisms underpinning the association. Specifically, we review the findings of prospective epidemiological studies demonstrating the insomnia-suicide link in adult and adolescent community populations. Robust associations between insomnia and suicide are observed in clinically depressed and anxious populations, and there are indications across a number of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that these linkages are attributable to a disrupted sleep pattern, dysfunctional beliefs about sleep and nightmares, independent of depression and anxiety symptoms...
April 2014: International Review of Psychiatry
Joshua R Oltmanns, Yana Weinstein, Thomas F Oltmanns
Prior research has associated BPD with sleep problems, but the relationship has been explored primarily in small clinical samples of younger adults. Findings from our lab have demonstrated that borderline symptoms remain present in later middle age and are associated with several negative life outcomes. A representative community sample of older adults (N = 633, Mage  = 62.3) was obtained from the St Louis area, and interviewer-reports, self-reports, and informant-reports of personality pathology were completed along with an insomnia symptoms questionnaire...
August 2014: Personality and Mental Health
Sina Hafizi
Sleep problems are very common among psychiatric patients. Borderline personality disorder, as a common and severe mental disorder, is associated with different types of sleep disturbances, such as disturbances of sleep continuity, altered REM sleep regulation and nightmares. These disturbances are the result of interaction of the personality traits, concomitant and comorbid diseases and environmental factors. Despite the high prevalence of sleep related disorders in BPD patients, this aspect of BPD is still neglected in clinical and research settings...
December 2013: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Megan E Ruiter Petrov, Abraham J Letter, Virginia J Howard, Dawn Kleindorfer
BACKGROUND: To determine, among employed persons with low risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), if sleep duration is associated with incident stroke symptoms, independent of body mass index (BMI), and if sleep duration mediates racial differences in stroke symptoms. METHODS: In 2008, 5666 employed participants (US blacks and whites, ≥45 years) from the longitudinal and nationally representative Reasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke study self-reported their average sleep duration...
February 2014: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
David T Plante, Frances R Frankenburg, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Mary C Zanarini
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been associated with maladaptive cognitive processes including dysfunctional attitudes and a negative attribution style. Comorbid insomnia affects the course of multiple psychiatric disorders, and has been associated with the absence of recovery from BPD. Because dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes are common among patients with insomnia, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between maladaptive sleep-related cognitions and recovery status (symptomatic remission plus good concurrent psychosocial functioning) in patients with BPD...
December 30, 2013: Psychiatry Research
Alex S Keuroghlian, Frances R Frankenburg, Mary C Zanarini
BACKGROUND: The interaction of borderline personality disorder (BPD) with physical health has not been well characterized. In this longitudinal study, we investigated the long-term relationship of chronic medical illnesses, health-related lifestyle choices, and health services utilization to recovery status in borderline patients over a decade of prospective follow-up. METHOD: 264 borderline patients were interviewed concerning their physical health at 6-year follow-up in a longitudinal study of the course of BPD...
October 2013: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Edward A Selby
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined the experience of chronic sleep disturbances in those with borderline personality disorder (BPD), and further establishing this association may be pertinent to enhancing current treatments, given the relevance of sleep to emotion regulation and stress management. METHOD: Data were analyzed (N = 5,692) from Part II of the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication (NCS-R) sample (Kessler & Merikangas, 2004), which assessed personality disorders and sleep problems...
October 2013: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Péter Simor, Klára Horváth
The aim of the study was to review the literature regarding sleep disturbances in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and to relate the reported sleep alterations to the underlying core dimensions of BPD pathology. We present a qualitative and theoretical review regarding the empirical studies that investigated objective and subjective sleep quality in BPD and in different psychiatric conditions showing high co-morbidity with this disorder. We show that disturbed sleep including sleep fragmentation, alterations in Slow Wave Sleep and REM sleep, and dysphoric dreaming are prevalent symptoms in BPD...
August 2013: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"