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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230697/cranberry-capsules-don-t-prevent-bacteriuria-plus-pyuria-in-older-women
#1
Karen Rosenberg, Joan Zolot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212852/prevalence-of-proteinuria-and-other-abnormalities-in-urinalysis-performed-in-the-urology-clinic
#2
Adam Bezinque, Sabrina L Noyes, Samer Kirmiz, Jessica Parker, Sumi Dey, Richard J Kahnoski, Brian R Lane
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of proteinuria in the urology clinic with other outpatient settings. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is classified according to cause, GFR, and proteinuria. Proteinuria may be more prevalent patients with known CKD, renal disorders (benign or malignant), and/or after urologic surgery. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 3 populations undergoing urinalysis (UA) testing: general outpatients (n=20,334), urology outpatients (n=5,023), and kidney cancer patients (n=1,016)...
February 14, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209132/urinary-tract-infection-among-fistula-patients-admitted-at-hamlin-fistula-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#3
Matifan Dereje, Yimtubezinesh Woldeamanuel, Daneil Asrat, Fekade Ayenachew
BACKGROUND: Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) causes a serious health problem and affects millions of people worldwide. Patients with obstetric fistula usually suffer from incontinence of urine and stool, which can predispose them to frequent infections of the urinary tract. Therefore the aim of this study was to determine the etiologic agents, drug resistance pattern of the isolates and associated risk factor for urinary tract infection among fistula patients in Addis Ababa fistula hospital, Ethiopia...
February 16, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208853/genotypic-characterization-of-virulence-factors-in-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-patients-with-acute-cystitis-pyelonephritis-and-asymptomatic-bacteriuria
#4
Mohsen Tabasi, Mohammad Reza Asadi Karam, Mehri Habibi, Ehsan Mostafavi, Saeid Bouzari
INTRODUCTION: Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) caused by Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are among the most common infections worldwide. It is well-documented that the pathogenesis of UPEC is mediated by the production of a wide variety of Virulence Factors (VFs). Thus, detection of these VFs and evaluation of their association with different clinical types of UTIs could help to understand the role of these factors in pathogenesis of UPEC isolates. AIM: To investigate the genotypic characteristics of UPEC isolates and to examine the relationship between VFs and different clinical symptoms of UTI...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208554/re-should-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-be-systematically-treated-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
David A Goldfarb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186383/cranberry-capsules-to-prevent-nosocomial-urinary-tract-bacteriuria-after-pelvic-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
V Letouzey, D Ulrich, C Demattei, S Alonso, S Huberlant, J-P Lavigne, R de Tayrac
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether cranberries are able to prevent postoperative urinary bacteriuria in patients undergoing pelvic surgery and receiving transurethral catheterisation. DESIGN: Randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTINGS: French tertiary Care centre, University Hospital. POPULATION: A total of 272 women undergoing pelvic surgery aged 18 or older. METHODS: Participants undergoing pelvic surgery were randomised to 36 mg cranberry (proanthocyanidins, PAC) or placebo once daily for 10 days...
February 10, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161350/triggered-urine-interleukin-6-correlates-to-severity-of-symptoms-in-non-febrile-lower-urinary-tract-infections
#7
Fredrik Sundén, Daniel Butler, Björn Wullt
PURPOSE: Objective diagnosis of symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTI) in patients prone to asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) is compromised by the already present local host responses and the positive urine culture. We investigated Interleukin-6 (IL-6) as a biomarker for non-febrile UTI severity, and diagnostic thresholds for IL-6, IL8 and neutrophils in differentiating between ABU and UTI. METHODS: Patients with residual urine and neurogenic bladders due to spinal lesions included in a long term E...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144131/cranberry-juice-concentrate-does-not-significantly-decrease-the-incidence-of-acquired-bacteriuria-in-female-hip-fracture-patients-receiving-urine-catheter-a-double-blind-randomized-trial
#8
Anna-Karin Gunnarsson, Lena Gunningberg, Sune Larsson, Kenneth B Jonsson
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common complication among patients with hip fractures. Receiving an indwelling urinary catheter is a risk factor for developing UTIs. Treatment of symptomatic UTIs with antibiotics is expensive and can result in the development of antimicrobial resistance. Cranberries are thought to prevent UTI. There is no previous research on this potential effect in patients with hip fracture who receive urinary catheters. AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate whether intake of cranberry juice concentrate pre-operatively decreases the incidence of postoperative UTIs in hip fracture patients that received a urinary catheter...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137327/urine-culture-testing-in-community-nursing-homes-gateway-to-antibiotic-overprescribing
#9
Philip D Sloane, Christine E Kistler, David Reed, David J Weber, Kimberly Ward, Sheryl Zimmerman
OBJECTIVE To describe current practice around urine testing and identify factors leading to overtreatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria in community nursing homes (NHs) DESIGN Observational study of a stratified random sample of NH patients who had urine cultures ordered in NHs within a 1-month study period SETTING 31 NHs in North Carolina PARTICIPANTS 254 NH residents who had a urine culture ordered within the 1-month study period METHODS We conducted an NH record audit of clinical and laboratory information during the 2 days before and 7 days after a urine culture was ordered...
January 31, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119486/repeated-treatments-with-chitosan-in-combination-with-antibiotics-completely-eradicate-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-from-infected-mouse-urinary-bladders
#10
Andreja Erman, Veronika Križan Hergouth, Matthew G Blango, Mojca Kerec Kos, Matthew A Mulvey, Peter Veranič
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC), the primary causative agent of urinary tract infections, colonize and invade the epithelial cells of the bladder urothelium. Infection of immature urothelial cells can result in the formation of persistent intracellular reservoirs that are refractory to antibiotic treatments. Previously, we defined a novel therapeutic strategy utilizing the bladder cell exfoliant chitosan to deplete UPEC reservoirs. However, though a single treatment of chitosan followed by ciprofloxacin administration had a marked effect on reducing UPEC titers within the bladder, this treatment failed to prevent relapsing bacteriuria...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112565/subclinical-bacteriuria-in-cats-prevalence-findings-on-contemporaneous-urinalyses-and-clinical-risk-factors
#11
Melanie L Puchot, Audrey K Cook, Caitlin Pohlit
Objectives Subclinical bacteriuria (SB) is bacterial colonization of the urinary tract in the absence of clinical signs. The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of SB in cats and to describe results of the contemporaneous urinalysis. Secondarily, patient characteristics associated with SB were compared with those for cats without SB. Methods An electronic search identified all urine cultures performed on cats at a teaching hospital between 2009 and 2015. Results were subcategorized based on the presence or absence of lower urinary tract disease (LUTD) and SB-positive cases identified...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112347/-effect-of-body-surface-decolonisation-on-bacteriuria-and-candiduria-in-intensive-care-units-an-analysis-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#12
Beatrice Hervé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087925/host-responses-to-urinary-tract-infections-and-emerging-therapeutics-sensation-and-pain-within-the-urinary-tract
#13
Lori A Birder, David J Klumpp
Urinary tract infection (UTI) pathogenesis is understood increasingly at the level of the uropathogens and the cellular and molecular mediators of host inflammatory responses. However, little is known about the mediators of symptoms during UTI and what distinguishes symptomatic events from asymptomatic bacteriuria. Here, we review bladder physiology and sensory pathways in the context of an emerging literature from murine models dissecting the host and pathogen factors mediating pain responses during UTI. The bladder urothelium is considered a mediator of sensory responses and appears to play a role in UTI pain responses...
October 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057985/the-efficacy-of-noble-metal-alloy-urinary-catheters-in-reducing-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection
#14
Alanood Ahmed Aljohi, Hanan Elkefafy Hassan, Rakesh Kumar Gupta
BACKGROUND: Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is the most common device-related healthcare-acquired infection. CAUTI can be severe and lead to bacteremia, significant morbidity, prolonged hospital stay, and high antibiotic consumption. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the CAUTI-reducing efficacy of noble metal alloy catheters in sixty patients (thirty per group) in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at the King Fahad Hospital in Saudi Arabia...
October 2016: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057057/is-platelet-transfusion-associated-with-hospital-acquired-infections-in-critically-ill-patients
#15
Cécile Aubron, Andrew W Flint, Michael Bailey, David Pilcher, Allen C Cheng, Colin Hegarty, Antony Martinelli, Michael C Reade, Rinaldo Bellomo, Zoe McQuilten
BACKGROUND: Platelets are commonly transfused to critically ill patients. Reports suggest an association between platelet transfusion and infection. However, there is no large study to have determined whether platelet transfusion in critically ill patients is associated with hospital-acquired infection. METHODS: We conducted a multi-centre study using prospectively maintained databases of two large academic intensive care units (ICUs) in Australia. Characteristics of patients who received platelets in ICUs between 2008 and 2014 were compared to those of patients who did not receive platelets...
January 6, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034861/dtb-select-1-january-2017
#16
(no author information available yet)
Brimonidine gel: risk of exacerbation of rosacea ● Metformin for patients with moderately reduced kidney function ● Effect of an optimal cranberry dose on bacteriuria ● Amitriptyline and topiramate ineffective for paediatric migraine prophylaxis ● Etoricoxib: 60mg dose for RA and ankylosing spondylitis ● CRP and diagnosis of CAP ● International travel and antimicrobial resistance ● Effect of telemedicine on diabetes control.
December 29, 2016: Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031194/azithromycin-ciprofloxacin-impregnated-urinary-catheters-avert-bacterial-colonization-biofilm-formation-and-inflammation-in-a-murine-model-of-foreign-body-associated-urinary-tract-infections-caused-by-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#17
Hina Saini, Anitha Vadekeetil, Sanjay Chhibber, Kusum Harjai
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a multifaceted pathogen causing a variety of biofilm-mediated infections including catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs). High prevalence of CAUTIs in hospitals, their clinical manifestations like urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, meningitis, urosepsis, death; and economic challenges underscore the need for management of these infections. Biomaterial modification of urinary catheters with dual drugs seems an interesting approach to combat CAUTIs by inhibiting biofilm...
December 28, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017477/executive-summary-of-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-urinary-tract-infection-guidelines-of-the-spanish-society-of-clinical-microbiology-and-infectious-diseases-seimc
#18
Marina de Cueto, Luis Aliaga, Juan-Ignacio Alós, Andres Canut, Ibai Los-Arcos, Jose Antonio Martínez, Jose Mensa, Vicente Pintado, Dolors Rodriguez-Pardo, Jose Ramon Yuste, Carles Pigrau
Most urinary tract infections (UTI) are uncomplicated infections occurring in young women. An extensive evaluation is not required in the majority of cases, and they can be safely managed as outpatients with oral antibiotics. Escherichia coli is by far the most common uropathogen, accounting for >80% of all cases. Other major clinical problems associated with UTI include asymptomatic bacteriuria, and patients with complicated UTI. Complicated UTIs are a heterogeneous group associated with conditions that increase the risk of acquiring infection or treatment failure...
December 22, 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011604/elimination-of-screening-urine-cultures-prior-to-elective-joint-arthroplasty
#19
Michael J Lamb, Laura Baillie, Dariusz Pajak, Jan Flynn, Vikas Bansal, Andrew Simor, Mary Vearncombe, Sandra A N Walker, Susan Clark, Jeffrey Gollish, Jerome A Leis
Discontinuing routine processing of screening urine cultures prior to elective joint arthroplasty resulted in substantial reduction in urine cultures ordered and antimicrobial prescriptions for asymptomatic bacteriuria, without any significant impact on incidence of prosthetic joint infection. This simple change would be scalable across institutions with potential for significant healthcare savings.
December 22, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011317/bacteriuria-pyuria-of-clinically-undetermined-significance-bpcus-common-but-currently-nameless
#20
EDITORIAL
James R Johnson, Dimitri M Drekonja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
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