Read by QxMD icon Read


Ana Claudia Paradella, André Ferraz de Arruda Musegante, Carlos Roberto Brites
Intravesical botulinum toxin A (BoNTA) injection has been widely used for the treatment of detrusor overactivity in patients with neurogenic bladder due to spinal cord injury who do not respond to conventional treatment. There is no consensus about antibiotic prophylaxis for this procedure. We conducted a retrospective analysis of medical records of adult patients with spinal cord injury who underwent detrusor BoNTA injection between January of 2007 and December of 2013 in a rehabilitation hospital. Occurrence of symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) was assessed in 3 groups in accordance with their use of antibiotics (prophylactic dosage, 3 days, more than 3 days) for the treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria...
October 17, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Mahin Ghafari, Vali Baigi, Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158031.].
2016: PloS One
Tirupati Kedar, Purushottam Rao B, Santhosh K, M Madhusudan Babu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Barbara W Trautner, M Todd Greene, Sarah L Krein, Heidi L Wald, Sanjay Saint, Andrew J Rolle, Sara McNamara, Barbara S Edson, Lona Mody
OBJECTIVE To assess knowledge about infection prevention among nursing home personnel and identify gaps potentially addressable through a quality improvement collaborative. DESIGN Baseline knowledge assessment of catheter-associated urinary tract infection, asymptomatic bacteriuria, antimicrobial stewardship, and general infection prevention practices for healthcare-associated infections. SETTING Nursing homes across 14 states participating in the national "Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Long-Term Care: Healthcare-Associated Infections/Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection...
October 4, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
T M Sørensen, A B Jensen, P Damborg, C R Bjørnvad, L Guardabassi, L R Jessen
The use of voided urine specimens for bacteriological culture in dogs is discouraged because contamination from external genitalia could lead to misinterpretation of laboratory results. Quantitative culturing and defining significant bacteriuria could increase the usefulness of voided specimens. However, limited evidence exists for the cut-offs currently recommended. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of current veterinary cut-off values for significant bacteriuria in voided canine urine. A secondary aim was to investigate if accuracy improved when applying qualitative criteria used in humans...
October 2016: Veterinary Journal
Matt S Conover, Ségolène Ruer, Joemar Taganna, Vasilios Kalas, Henri De Greve, Jerome S Pinkner, Karen W Dodson, Han Remaut, Scott J Hultgren
Uropathogenic E. coli (UPEC) is the dominant cause of urinary tract infections, clinically described as cystitis. UPEC express CUP pili, which are extracellular fibers tipped with adhesins that bind mucosal surfaces of the urinary tract. Here we identify the role of the F9/Yde/Fml pilus for UPEC persistence in the inflamed urothelium. The Fml adhesin FmlH binds galactose β1-3 N-acetylgalactosamine found in core-1 and -2 O-glycans. Deletion of fmlH had no effect on UPEC virulence in an acute mouse model of cystitis...
October 12, 2016: Cell Host & Microbe
E M Galván, C Mateyca, L Ielpi
Most catheter-associated urinary tract infections are polymicrobial. Here, uropathogen interactions in dual-species biofilms were studied. The dual-species associations selected based on their prevalence in clinical settings were Klebsiella pneumoniae-Escherichia coli, E. coli-Enterococcus faecalis, K. pneumoniae-E. faecalis, and K. pneumoniae-Proteus mirabilis. All species developed single-species biofilms in artificial urine. The ability of K. pneumoniae to form biofilms was not affected by E. coli or E. faecalis co-inoculation, but was impaired by P...
October 2016: Biofouling
Moritz Fritzenwanker, Can Imirzalioglu, Trinad Chakraborty, Florian M Wagenlehner
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections and constitute for a considerable number of all antibiotic prescriptions. The surge of multi-resistant bacteria has significantly complicated empirical treatment leading to wide use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, further driving resistance development. New ways to detect and quantify host and bacterial molecules in urine promise opportunities to improve diagnostics of UTIs, which can translate to new approaches in treatment regimens...
November 2016: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
Ines Ambite, Gustav Rydstrom, Andrew L Schwaderer, David S Hains
The urinary tract is a sterile organ system. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common and often serious infections. Research has focused on uropathogen, environment, and host factors leading to UTI pathogenesis. A growing body of evidence exists implicating genetic factors that can contribute to UTI risks. In this review, we highlight genetic variations in aspects of the innate immune system critical to the host response to uropathogens. This overview includes genetic variations in pattern recognition receptor molecules, chemokines/cytokines, and neutrophil activation...
March 2016: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
Lorenz Leitner, Ulla Sammer, Matthias Walter, Stephanie C Knüpfer, Marc P Schneider, Burkhardt Seifert, Jure Tornic, Ulrich Mehnert, Thomas M Kessler
Many of the patients undergoing intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injections for refractory neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) present with chronic bacteriuria. In these patients, antibiotic prophylaxis has been widely recommended since bacteriuria might impair treatment efficacy and cause urinary tract infections (UTI) but the evidence is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate if an antibiotic prophylaxis is needed in patients with asymptomatic bacteriuria undergoing intradetrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injections...
2016: Scientific Reports
C Duployez, C Loiez, C Cattoen, D Descamps, F Wallet, A Vachée
OBJECTIVES: Pivmecillinam is a safe beta-lactam for use in pregnancy. It has been widely used for the treatment of lower urinary tract infections (UTIs) in the Nordic countries where its efficacy, minor impact on the microbiota, and low level of resistance among the Escherichia coli strains have been proven. However, susceptibility data related to E. coli involved in asymptomatic bacteriuria and lower UTIs in pregnant women is lacking. We aimed to support the 2015 recommendations issued by the French Infectious Diseases Society (SPILF) on gestational UTI, with a particular focus on pivmecillinam...
September 5, 2016: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Raymond J Leveillee, Emily Fell Kelly
BACKGROUND: Since the development of the first flexible ureteroscope, in 1964, technological advances in image quality, flexibility, and deflection have led to the development of the first single-use digital flexible ureteroscope, LithoVue™ (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA). With respect to reusable fiber-optic and now digital ureteroscopes, there is an initial capital cost of several thousand dollars (USD) as well as, controversy regarding durability, the cost of repairs and the burdensome reprocessing steps of ureteroscopy...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Yusuf Kibar, Serdar Yalcin, Burak Kopru, Engin Kaya, Bahadir Topuz, Turgay Ebiloglu
BACKGROUND: To report the first case of the spontaneous appendicovesical fistulas' (AVF) repair with robot assisted laparoscopy. CASE PRESENTATION: A 29-year-old male patient with urgent persistant bacteriuria and dysuria was referred to our clinic. Physical examination and blood tests were normal. He had used various antibiotics due to recurrent UTI for about 20 years. Computed tomography revealed the fistula tract between the distal end of the appendix and right lateral wall of the bladder dome...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Curtis D Collins, Jared J Kabara, Sarah M Michienzi, Anurag N Malani
Implementation of an antimicrobial stewardship program bundle for urinary tract infections among 92 patients led to a higher rate of discontinuation of therapy for asymptomatic bacteriuria (52.4% vs 12.5%; P =.004), more appropriate durations of therapy (88.7% vs 63.6%; P =.001), and significantly higher overall bundle compliance (75% vs 38.2%; P < .001). Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2016;1-3.
August 30, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Zsuzsanna Zotter, Nóra Veszeli, Kinga Viktória Kőhalmi, Lilian Varga, Éva Imreh, Gábor Kovács, Marsel Nallbani, Henriette Farkas
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections are considered among the most common infectious disorders in humans. Various infections may have a role in inducing HAE attacks. Our study intended to evaluate bacteriuria in the urinalysis of C1-INH-HAE patients. METHODS: Urine specimens contributed by 139 C1-INH-HAE patients at the annual control visits were studied retrospectively for microorganisms. We analyzed the presence of bacteriuria in relation to the clinical symptoms...
August 22, 2016: Allergy
Jorge A Ramos, Diego F Salinas, Johanna Osorio, Alberto Ruano-Ravina
OBJECTIVE: To review the existing literature on when and how to treat patients with asymptomatic bacteriuria (AB) who undergo urological surgery, as uncertainty about this issue persists. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted to compare the different timing of administration of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with AB undergoing urological surgery. We used predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria, and we also developed a specific quality scale to assess the quality of the papers included...
September 2016: Arab Journal of Urology
L-D Qiao, S Chen, X-F Wang, W-M Yang, Y-J Niu, C-Z Kong, W Tang, X-F Gao, B-K Shi, Y-Q Na, X-D Zhang, J-Y Wang, Y Zhang, Z Chen
By comparing the safety and efficacy of 500 mg of oral levofloxacin for 3 days with those of intravenous antibiotics for 3 days in the prevention of infectious complications of ultrasound-guided transrectal prostate biopsy (TPB), we provided a safe and cost-effective infection preventive protocol for TPB in China. A total of 801 patients with indications for TPB in 12 centers were randomized into two groups from October 2011 to December 2015. Patients in the test group (n = 392) took 500 mg of oral levofloxacin for 3 days...
November 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Maja Brložnik, Karmen Šterk, Irena Zdovc
Predisposing factors for different types of urinary tract infections (UTI) were evaluated and prevalence of causative agents and their resistance were identified. A prospective epidemiologic study (2007 to 2012) included 191 dogs with signs of urinary tract disease. Anamnestic data were collected and clinical examination, abdominal ultrasonography, urinalysis and aerobic bacteriologic urine culture were performed in all dogs. Other diagnostic procedures were conducted when indicated. UTI was more common in neutered female dogs, older dogs and dogs with concurrent diseases...
July 2016: Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift
M Rizzi, R Trevisan
AIMS: To review prevalence and significance of urinary tract (UTI) and genital infections (GI) in diabetes and the effects of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors on these complications. DATA SYNTHESIS: The prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is 2-3 times higher in diabetic than in non-diabetic women. The treatment of ASB has no impact on the development of UTIs and/or a decline in renal function. Therefore, there is no indication for screening for and/or treatment of ASB...
July 12, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Ewelina Rogozińska, Sandra Formina, Javier Zamora, Luciano Mignini, Khalid S Khan
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the accuracy of onsite tests to detect asymptomatic bacteriuria among pregnant women. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, and Latin-American Literature from inception until June 2015 without language restrictions. The register database was screened to identify any recently completed studies. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Two independent reviewers selected studies that recruited asymptomatic pregnant women to evaluate the accuracy of onsite tests in detecting the presence of bacteria in the urine using urine culture as a reference standard...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"