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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031032/the-frequency-and-clinical-implications-of-bacteriuria-in-chronically-paralyzed-dogs
#1
S R Baigi, S Vaden, N J Olby
BACKGROUND: Paralysis is a known risk factor for urinary tract infections (UTI), sepsis, and death in paralyzed people, but there are no data available on diagnostic criteria for UTI versus bacteriuria, their frequency, or clinical implications in chronically paralyzed dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: That chronically paralyzed dogs suffer frequent bacteriuria causing reduced duration of survival. We documented the frequency of bacteriuria, associated clinical signs, and survival rate in chronically paralyzed dogs...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026632/salmonella-oranienburg-haemorrhagic-cystitis-in-an-immunocompetent-young-male
#2
Jiasian Teh, Mark Quinlan, Damien Bolton
Introduction. Non-typhoidal salmonella (NTS) bacteriuria is extremely rare. Haemorrhagic cystitis is defined by urinary symptoms including haematuria, frequency, urgency and dysuria. Reports of haemorrhagic cystitis caused by NTS are exceptionally uncommon, especially in immunocompetent, young, male patients. Case presentation. A 27-year-old male with no past medical history presented to the Emergency Department with a 24 h history of visible haematuria having returned five days earlier from a five month trip across South America...
August 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017466/prevalence-of-antimicrobial-resistant-escherichia-coli-from-patients-with-suspected-urinary-tract-infection-in-primary-care-denmark
#3
Gloria Córdoba, Anne Holm, Frank Hansen, Anette M Hammerum, Lars Bjerrum
BACKGROUND: Escherichia coli is the most common pathogen causing Urinary Tract Infections (UTI). Data from the current National Surveillance program in Denmark (DANMAP) may not accurately represent the prevalence of resistant E. coli in primary care, because only urine samples from complicated cases may be forwarded to the microbiological departments at hospitals for diagnostic examination. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of resistant E. coli to the most commonly used antimicrobial agents in primary care in a consecutive sample of patients from general practice...
October 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017265/antibiotic-overconsumption-in-pregnant-women-with-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-uganda
#4
Musa Sekikubo, Karolina Hedman, Florence Mirembe, Annelie Brauner
Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common bacterial infections in women. During pregnancy physiological changes, like frequency, mimic UTI symptoms, and therefore bacteriological cultures are needed to confirm the diagnosis. However, in developing countries antibiotic therapy is commonly initiated without culture confirmation. Methods: We investigated the prevalence of bacteriuria among pregnant women with and without UTI symptoms in Uganda...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973965/biofilm-formation-by-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-is-favored-under-oxygen-conditions-that-mimic-the-bladder-environment
#5
Allison R Eberly, Kyle A Floyd, Connor J Beebout, Spencer J Colling, Madison J Fitzgerald, Charles W Stratton, Jonathan E Schmitz, Maria Hadjifrangiskou
One of the most common urologic problems afflicting millions of people worldwide is urinary tract infection (UTI). The severity of UTIs ranges from asymptomatic bacteriuria to acute cystitis, and in severe cases, pyelonephritis and urosepsis. The primary cause of UTIs is uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC), for which current antibiotic therapies often fail. UPEC forms multicellular communities known as biofilms on urinary catheters, as well as on and within bladder epithelial cells. Biofilm formation protects UPEC from environmental conditions, antimicrobial therapy, and the host immune system...
September 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973215/urinary-tract-infection
#6
REVIEW
Kalpana Gupta, Larissa Grigoryan, Barbara Trautner
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common in both inpatient and outpatient settings. This article provides an evidence-based, clinically relevant overview of management of UTIs, including screening, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Conditions covered include acute cystitis (both uncomplicated and complicated), catheter-associated UTI, and asymptomatic bacteriuria in both women and men.
October 3, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970961/microorganisms-identified-in-the-maternal-bladder-discovery-of-the-maternal-bladder-microbiota
#7
Kristin M Jacobs, Krystal J Thomas-White, Evann E Hilt, Alan J Wolfe, Thaddeus P Waters
Objective  The objective of this study was to characterize the bladder microbiota in pregnancy. Methods  A prospective observational study of 51 pregnant women, admitted to a tertiary care hospital, who underwent straight catheterization urine collection or transurethral Foley catheter placement. 16S rRNA gene sequencing and enhanced quantitative urine culture assessed the maternal bladder microbiota with comparisons made to standard urine culture results. Results  Enhanced quantitative urine culture and 16S rRNA gene sequencing detected bacteria in the majority of participants...
July 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962545/species-distribution-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-profile-of-bacterial-uropathogens-among-patients-complaining-urinary-tract-infections
#8
Adane Bitew, Tamirat Molalign, Meseret Chanie
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection is the second most common type of infection and the problem is further compounded by the emergence of drug resistance in bacterial uropathogens. The aim of this study was to determine the spectrum of bacterial uropathogens and their drug resistant pattern. METHODS: A single institutional cross-sectional study was carried out at Arsho Advanced Medical laboratory from September 2015 to May 2016. A total of 712 urine samples were collected, inoculated onto primary isolation culture media, incubated at 37 °C for 18-24 h, and significant bacteriuria was determined...
September 29, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959929/clinical-performance-of-a-commercial-point-of-care-urine-culture-system-for-identification-of-bacteriuria-in-dogs
#9
Anna Uhl, Faye A Hartmann, Katrina R Viviano
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical performance of a commercially available compartmentalized urine culture and antimicrobial susceptibility test plate (CCSP) for identification of canine bacteriuria and assessment of isolate antimicrobial susceptibility. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 71 dogs. PROCEDURES Urine samples (n = 84) were divided into 3 aliquots. One aliquot (reference culture) was plated on culture medium ≤ 1 hour after collection for quantitative culture and testing by standard laboratory methods, another was stored at 4°C for 24 hours (to mimic storage practices at primary care facilities) and then processed by standard methods, and the third was applied to a CCSP ≤ 1 hour after collection to be processed and interpreted according to manufacturer instructions...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954556/an-update-on-new-antibiotic-prophylaxis-and-treatment-for-urinary-tract-infections-in-children
#10
Jean Daniel Delbet, Mathie Lorrot, Tim Ulinski
This review focuses on the treatment of urinary tract infections (UTI) in children and in particular its recent changes. Areas covered: Acute pyelonephritis, acute cystitis and asymptomatic bacteriuria or asymptomatic infections have to be clearly distinguished. Prompt treatment is required in pyelonephritis and cystitis, but not in asymptomatic bacteriuria or infection, in order to avoid selection of more virulent strains. This concept should be considered even in immunocompromised or bedridden children. In case of pyelonephritis, there should be no delay in beginning the antibiotic treatment in order to decrease the risk of long term complication, such as renal scars...
October 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953573/real-world-retention-rates-after-intravesical-onabotulinumtoxina-for-idiopathic-overactive-bladder
#11
Daniel Liberman, Olufenwa Milhouse, Marta Johnson-Mitchell, Steven W Siegel
INTRODUCTION: The risk of incomplete bladder evacuation requiring catheterization after intravesical onabotulinumtoxinA (BoNT-A) is well established. However, the rates reported in the literature are highly variable and low overall in clinical trials. We attempt to evaluate the rate of symptomatic acute urinary retention requiring catheterization after initial BoNT-A in a private practice setting of patients with idiopathic overactive bladder. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study from 2010 to 2014 for patients with idiopathic overactive bladder undergoing their first BoNT-A...
September 26, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952689/-experience-of-using-phytolysin-in-combination-therapy-of-chronic-cystitis-in-patients-with-urate-nephrolythisis
#12
L G Spivak, D V Enikeev, D V Platonova
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of the herbal preparation Phytolysin in the comprehensive management of urate nephrolithiasis against the background of chronic cystitis exacerbation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 21 patients aged 19 to 57; 11 of them (the study group) received ciprofloxacin 500 mg once daily for 7 days, Phytolysin (for 1 month) and Blemaren (for 3 months), while 10 patients of control group were treated with antibacterial therapy and Blemaren...
September 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952688/-antimicrobial-resistance-of-uropathogens-in-patients-with-acute-obstructive-pyelonephritis
#13
Yu L Naboka, I A Gudima, E V Mitusova, S K Bedzhanyan, P P Morgun, M I Kogan, K T Dzhalagoniya, M A Akimenko
RELEVANCE: Acute pyelonephritis is known to be the most complicated and severe urinary tract infection occurring in all age groups and accounting for 14% of all kidney diseases. The generally recognized standard antibiotic therapy cannot completely prevent the progression of the disease to its chronic form after relief of its acute manifestations thus leading to a high incidence of relapses. The aim of our study was to investigate the spectrum of uropathogens and their antibiotic sensitivity in acute obstructive pyelonephritis...
September 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947210/bacteriuria-is-not-associated-with-surgical-site-infection-in-patients-undergoing-cardiovascular-surgery
#14
Juan Carlos Duarte, Patricia Reyes, Diana Bermúdez, Juan Pablo Alzate, Javier Darío Maldonado, Jorge Alberto Cortés
BACKGROUND: Despite absence of evidence, in practice, asymptomatic bacteriuria is perceived as a risk factor for surgical site infection (SSI) among patients with cardiac surgery. We aimed to identify whether an association exists between the preoperative presence of asymptomatic bacteriuria or urinary tract infection and SSI in patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: This is an analytical study with a retrospective cohort of patients undergoing coronary revascularization or valve replacement surgery...
September 22, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945201/enterobacteria-secrete-an-inhibitor-of-pseudomonas-virulence-during-clinical-bacteriuria
#15
Shannon I Ohlemacher, Daryl E Giblin, D André d'Avignon, Ann E Stapleton, Barbara W Trautner, Jeffrey P Henderson
Escherichia coli and other Enterobacteriaceae are among the most common pathogens of the human urinary tract. Among the genetic gains of function associated with urinary E. coli isolates is the Yersinia high pathogenicity island (HPI), which directs the biosynthesis of yersiniabactin (Ybt), a virulence-associated metallophore. Using a metabolomics approach, we found that E. coli and other Enterobacteriaceae expressing the Yersinia HPI also secrete escherichelin, a second metallophore whose chemical structure matches a known synthetic inhibitor of the virulence-associated pyochelin siderophore system in Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933357/risk-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-among-people-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-accra-ghana
#16
Eric S Donkor, Jonathan A Osei, Isaac Anim-Baidoo, Samuel Darkwah
Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is benign except in certain medical conditions such as pregnancy and immunosuppression. In Ghana, there are hardly any studies on urinary infections among sickle cell disease (SCD) patients, and the few studies carried out in Africa focused on pediatric SCD populations. The current study aimed to investigate the risk of ASB among SCD patients at a tertiary hospital in Ghana. This was a cross-sectional study involving 110 SCD patients and 110 age and sex matched healthy controls...
February 15, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932691/percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-ileal-conduit-lithotripsy-and-litholapaxy-for-a-neglected-encrusted-ureteral-stent
#17
Andrés Gutierrez, Julián Chavarriaga, María A Ocampo, Carlos Hernandez
Urolithiasis can result as a complication of urinary diversión, favored by urinary stasis, intestinal mucus, urinary tract bacteriuria, the metabolic derangements and the presence of foreign bodies. We present a 52- year-old male who underwent radical cystectomy with construction of a Bricker uretero-ileostomy. 5 years later he was found with a forgotten ureteral stent, a 6 cm calculi occupying the whole ileal conduit and a 13 mm calculi in the left renal pelvis. We present our experience in the successful endourological management of an encrusted neglected ureteral stent in an ileal conduit, achieving a stone-free status without complications...
November 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931344/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-antimicrobial-silver-sulfadiazine-coated-ureteral-stents-with-non-coated-stents
#18
Ahmed R El-Nahas, Mohammed Lachine, Essam Elsawy, Ahmed Mosbah, Hamdy El-Kappany
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of antimicrobial [silver sulfadiazine (SSD)]-coated ureteral stents with non-coated stents in the prevention of stent-related bacteriuria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted between September 2014 and September 2016 after approval from the local ethics committee. Inclusion criteria were adults who underwent unilateral double-J ureteral stent placement after ureteroscopic lithotripsy...
September 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918351/susceptibility-profiles-of-bacteria-causing-urinary-tract-infection-in-southern-tunisia
#19
Sonda Guermazi-Toumi, Sirine Boujlel, Mouna Assoudi, Riadh Issaoui, Sonia Tlili, Mohamed Ennaceur Hlaiem
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological profile and the antibiotic resistance of bacteria responsible for urinary infections diagnosed in the department of microbiology of the regional hospital Houcine Bouzaiene (Gafsa) in the south west of Tunisia. METHODS: All the cytobacteriological urine samples analyzed from 1 January 2015 to 30 June 2016 were included in the study. The adopted criteria to define urinary infection were: leukocyturia >10(4)/ml and bacteriuria >10(5)CFU/ml...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894690/management-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-urinary-catheters-and-symptomatic-urinary-tract-infections-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-joint-replacement-a-position-paper-of-the-expert-group-infection-of-swissorthopaedics
#20
REVIEW
Parham Sendi, Olivier Borens, Peter Wahl, Martin Clauss, Ilker Uçkay
In this position paper, we review definitions related to this subject and the corresponding literature. Our recommendations include the following statements. Asymptomatic bacteriuria, asymptomatic leukocyturia, urine discolouration, odd smell or positive nitrite sediments are not an indication for antimicrobial treatment. Antimicrobial treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria does not prevent periprosthetic joint infection, but is associated with adverse events, costs and antibiotic resistance development. Urine analyses or urine cultures in asymptomatic patients undergoing orthopaedic implants should be avoided...
2017: Journal of bone and joint infection
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