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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921445/risk-of-neonatal-and-childhood-morbidity-among-preterm-infants-exposed-to-marijuana
#1
Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Marcela C Smid, Tracy A Manuck, Torri D Metz
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding the neonatal and neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants exposed to marijuana (MJ) in-utero, particularly among preterm infants. We hypothesized that MJ-exposed preterm infants would have worse neonatal and childhood developmental outcomes compared to MJ-unexposed infants. METHODS: Secondary analysis of multicenter randomized-controlled trial of antenatal magnesium sulfate for prevention of cerebral palsy was conducted. Singleton non-anomalous infants delivered <35 weeks exposed to MJ in-utero were compared to MJ-unexposed...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920342/experimentally-induced-preterm-birth-in-sheep-following-a-clinical-course-of-antenatal-betamethasone-effects-on-growth-and-long-term-survival
#2
Vivian B Nguyen, Robert De Matteo, Richard Harding, Aneta Stefanidis, Graeme R Polglase, M Jane Black
Preterm births account for approximately 10% of births worldwide, with the majority (∼80%) being moderate preterm. Our aim was to determine the effects of moderate preterm birth on survival and long-term growth of male and female offspring using an ovine model of preterm birth that was preceded by a clinically relevant dose of corticosteroids. Ewes were induced to deliver preterm or at term; those assigned to deliver preterm were administered antenatal betamethasone (11.4 mg, 2 doses, 24 hours apart). The growth (body weight and body dimensions) of offspring was monitored to adulthood (62 weeks) when the animals were humanely killed for organ collection...
December 5, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918947/the-effect-of-blood-staining-on-cervicovaginal-quantitative-fetal-fibronectin-concentration-and-prediction-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#3
Natasha L Hezelgrave, Katy Kuhrt, Kate Cottam, Paul T Seed, Rachel M Tribe, Andrew H Shennan
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Cervicovaginal fetal fibronectin (fFN) has enhanced prediction of preterm birth and, more recently, quantified results have become available so that management can planned more effectively and targeted to individual women. Manufacture guidelines stipulate that fetal fibronectin (fFN) samples should be discarded in the presence of moderate to heavy vaginal bleeding but there hasn't yet been any formal investigation into the effect of blood staining on fetal fibronectin concentration and subsequent preterm birth prediction...
November 28, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915200/effects-of-prophylactic-indomethacin-on-vasopressor-dependent-hypotension-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#4
Melissa Liebowitz, Jane Koo, Andrea Wickremasinghe, Isabel Elaine Allen, Ronald I Clyman
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a moderate-to-large patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is responsible for vasopressor-dependent hypotension, occurring at the end of the first postnatal week. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective, double cohort controlled study of infants delivered at ≤27(+6) weeks' gestation (n = 313). From January 2004 through April 2011, all infants were treated with prophylactic indomethacin ([PINDO] epoch). From May 2011 through December 2015, no infant was treated with indomethacin until at least 8 postnatal days (conservative epoch)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914214/antithrombin-improves-the-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-but-not-the-angiogenic-factors-in-extremely-growth-restricted-fetuses-at-28-weeks-of-gestation
#5
Midori Fujisaki, Ken Furuta, Masanao Ohhashi, Seishi Furukawa, Yuki Kodama, Yasuyuki Kawagoe, Hiroshi Sameshima, Tsuyomu Ikenoue
AIMS: Severe preterm fetal growth restriction (FGR) remote from term is problematic. We aimed to investigate the effect of maternally-administered antithrombin on maternal and neonatal outcomes. A prospective, one-arm, pilot study was performed in 14 women with severe FGR (≤5th centile) at <28 weeks of gestation, without hypertensive disorders. Maternal plasma concentrations of soluble Feline McDonough Sarcoma (FMS)-like trypsin kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and placental growth factor (PlGF) were measured and categorized into three groups: group 1; low sFlt-1 and high PlGF, group 2; moderate sFlt-1 and low PlGF, and group 3; high sFlt-1 and low PlGF...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914140/comparison-of-the-mortality-and-in-hospital-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-treated-with-ibuprofen-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-with-or-without-clinical-symptoms-attributable-to-the-patent-ductus-arteriosus-at-the-time-of-ibuprofen-treatment
#6
Hani Yoo, Jin A Lee, Sohee Oh, Young Hwa Jung, Jin A Sohn, Seung Han Shin, Chang Won Choi, Ee Kyung Kim, Han Suk Kim, Beyong Il Kim
The aim of this study was to assess the differences in the mortality and in-hospital outcomes of preterm infants with < 28 weeks of gestation who received ibuprofen treatment according to the presence of clinical symptoms (any of oliguria, hypotension, or moderate to severe respiratory difficulty) attributable to hemodynamically-significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) at the time of first ibuprofen treatment. In total, 91 infants born from April 2010 to March 2015 were included. Fourteen infants (15...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903295/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-periodontal-disease-among-pre-conception-chinese-women
#7
Hong Jiang, Yi Su, Xu Xiong, Emily Harville, Hongqiao Wu, Zhijun Jiang, Xu Qian
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is one of the most common chronic infectious diseases. It has been reported that periodontal disease is associated with various adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm birth, low birth weight, and gestational diabetes mellitus. Given the fact that the treatment for periodontal disease during pregnancy was ineffective in improving pregnancy outcomes by most of studies, the pre-conception period has been put forward as a more optimal time. However, very few studies have reported the prevalence of periodontal disease among pre-conception women...
December 1, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885658/early-skin-to-skin-contact-for-mothers-and-their-healthy-newborn-infants
#8
REVIEW
Elizabeth R Moore, Nils Bergman, Gene C Anderson, Nancy Medley
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under radiant warmers. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) begins ideally at birth and should last continually until the end of the first breastfeeding. SSC involves placing the dried, naked baby prone on the mother's bare chest, often covered with a warm blanket. According to mammalian neuroscience, the intimate contact inherent in this place (habitat) evokes neuro-behaviors ensuring fulfillment of basic biological needs...
November 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872874/preterm-neonatal-lateral-ventricle-volume-from-three-dimensional-ultrasound-is-not-strongly-correlated-to-two-dimensional-ultrasound-measurements
#9
Jessica Kishimoto, Sandrine de Ribaupierre, Fateme Salehi, Walter Romano, David S C Lee, Aaron Fenster
The aim of this study is to compare longitudinal two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) ultrasound (US) estimates of ventricle size in preterm neonates with posthemorrhagic ventricular dilatation (PHVD) using quantitative measurements of the lateral ventricles. Cranial 2-D US and 3-D US images were acquired from neonatal patients with diagnosed PHVD within 10 min of each other one to two times per week and analyzed offline. Ventricle index, anterior horn width, third ventricle width, and thalamo-occipital distance were measured on the 2-D images and ventricle volume (VV) was measured from 3-D US images...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871473/placental-histology-in-spontaneous-and-indicated-preterm-birth-a-case-control-study
#10
Tobias A J Nijman, Elvira O G van Vliet, Manon J N Benders, Ben Willem J Mol, Arie Franx, Peter G J Nikkels, Martijn A Oudijk
INTRODUCTION: Placental pathology is an important contributor in preterm birth, both spontaneous and indicated. The aim of this study was to describe and compare placental histological features of spontaneous preterm birth versus indicated preterm birth. METHODS: A case control study was performed at the University Medical Center Utrecht. Women with spontaneous or indicated preterm birth (17-37 weeks of gestation) delivered in 2009 were included. Women with a pregnancy complicated by congenital and/or chromosomal abnormalities were excluded...
December 2016: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864751/defining-the-risk-and-associated-morbidity-and-mortality-of-severe-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-among-infants-with-chronic-lung-disease
#11
REVIEW
Bosco Paes, Brigitte Fauroux, Josep Figueras-Aloy, Louis Bont, Paul A Checchia, Eric A F Simões, Paolo Manzoni, Xavier Carbonell-Estrany
INTRODUCTION: The REGAL (RSV evidence-a geographical archive of the literature) series provide a comprehensive review of the published evidence in the field of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in Western countries over the last 20 years. This third publication covers the risk and burden of RSV infection in infants with chronic lung disease (CLD), formerly called bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken of publications between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2015 across PubMed, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and Clinicaltrials...
November 18, 2016: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862302/scoping-review-shows-wide-variation-in-the-definitions-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-infants-and-calls-for-a-consensus
#12
REVIEW
Delaney Hines, Neena Modi, Shoo K Lee, Tetsuya Isayama, Gunnar Sjörs, Luigi Gagliardi, Liisa Lehtonen, Maximo Vento, Satoshi Kusuda, Dirk Bassler, Rintaro Mori, Brian Reichman, Stellan Håkansson, Brian A Darlow, Mark Adams, Franca Rusconi, Laura San Feliciano, Kei Lui, Naho Morisaki, Natasha Musrap, Prakesh S Shah
: The use of different definitions for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has been an on-going challenge. We searched papers published in English from 2010 and 2015 reporting BPD as an outcome, together with studies that compared BPD definitions between 1978 and 2015. We found that the incidence of BPD ranged from 6% to 57%, depending on the definition chosen, and that studies that investigated correlations with long-term pulmonary and, or, neurosensory outcomes reported moderate to low predictive values regardless of the BPD criteria...
November 12, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857456/magnetic-resonance-imaging-spectrum-of-perinatal-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury
#13
Binoj Varghese, Rose Xavier, V C Manoj, M K Aneesh, P S Priya, Ashok Kumar, V K Sreenivasan
Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury results in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and serious long-term neurodevelopmental sequelae. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain is an ideal and safe imaging modality for suspected hypoxic-ischemic injury. The pattern of injury depends on brain maturity at the time of insult, severity of hypotension, and duration of insult. Time of imaging after the insult influences the imaging findings. Mild to moderate hypoperfusion results in germinal matrix hemorrhages and periventricular leukomalacia in preterm neonates and parasagittal watershed territory infarcts in full-term neonates...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856002/language-abilities-as-a-framework-for-understanding-emerging-cognition-and-social-competencies-after-late-moderate-and-very-preterm-birth
#14
EDITORIAL
Frances A Carter, Michael E Msall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834608/factors-associated-with-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-in-adolescents-born-preterm
#15
Ketsia Proulx, Annette Majnemer, Noémi Dahan-Oliel, Barbara Mazer, Line Nadeau, Kathleen Vanier, Désirée B Maltais
PURPOSE: Little is known about the physical activity of adolescents born prematurely. This study aimed to: 1) describe relationships between moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in adolescents born prematurely and various factors and, 2) compare their MVPA level to guidelines. METHODS: A secondary analysis was performed using data from 64 adolescents (16.1 ± 2.5 years old, born ≤29 weeks gestation; 57.8% girls). Time spent in MVPA was based on accelerometry data...
November 11, 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826103/longer-hypoxia-ischemia-periods-to-neonatal-rats-causes-motor-impairments-and-muscular-changes
#16
L E Durán-Carabali, E F Sanches, M R Marques, D Aristimunha, A Pagnussat, C A Netto
Prematurity and hypoxia-ischemia (HI) can lead to movement disorders in infants. Considering that mild-moderate HI induced at postnatal day (PND) 3 has failed to produce motor disabilities similar to those seen in pre-term newborns, the main goal of the present study was to verify whether longer hypoxia periods would mimic motor function impairment, brain and muscle morphological alterations. Forty-nine Wistar rat pups of both sexes were randomly assigned to surgical control (CG) and HI groups. HI animals were submitted to the Levine-Rice model at PND 3, and exposed to 120 (HI-120'), 180 (HI-180') or 210 (HI-210') minutes of hypoxia (FiO2: 0...
November 5, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817913/the-role-of-early-developmental-intervention-to-influence-neurobehavioral-outcomes-of-children-born-preterm
#17
REVIEW
Alicia Spittle, Karli Treyvaud
Children who are born preterm are at risk of adverse long-term neurobehavioral outcomes, including cognitive, motor, and behavioral impairments. Early developmental interventions that commence within the first year after preterm birth have a preventative focus, with the aim to positively influence the developmental trajectory. While there is a great deal of heterogeneity in the research trials to date, there is evidence that early developmental interventions have a moderate effect on cognitive and behavioral outcomes up to preschool age, with some evidence for improved motor outcomes...
November 3, 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817878/impact-of-a-transition-home-program-on-rehospitalization-rates-of-preterm-infants
#18
Betty Vohr, Elisabeth McGowan, Lenore Keszler, Barbara Alksninis, Melissa O'Donnell, Katheleen Hawes, Richard Tucker
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a transition home program on 90-day rehospitalization rates of preterm (PT) infants born at <37 weeks gestational age implemented over 3 years for infants with Medicaid and private insurance, and to identify the impact of social/environmental and medical risk factors on rehospitalization. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective cohort study of 954 early, moderate, and late PT infants, all families received comprehensive transition home services provided by social workers and family resource specialists (trained peers) working with the medical team...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816508/moderately-and-late-preterms-have-problem-recognizing-faces-after-birth
#19
Marco Bartocci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812148/hypothermia-in-preterm-infants-in-the-first-hours-after-birth-occurrence-course-and-risk-factors
#20
Arenda Mank, Henriëtte A van Zanten, Michael P Meyer, Steffen Pauws, Enrico Lopriore, Arjan B Te Pas
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality rates. Preterm infants frequently have hypothermia when they are admitted to the NICU, but there is no data on the occurrence of hypothermia during the first hours after admission. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the occurrence of hypothermia in preterm infants in the first three hours of admission and to identify risk factors. METHODS: Infants < 32 weeks of gestation included in a randomized trial with admission temperature as primary outcome were retrospectively analyzed for the occurrence of hypothermia (< 36...
2016: PloS One
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