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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770109/fetoscopic-endoluminal-tracheal-occlusion-and-reestablishment-of-fetal-airways-for-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#1
Lennart Van der Veeken, Francesca Maria Russo, Luc De Catte, Eduard Gratacos, Alexandra Benachi, Yves Ville, Kypros Nicolaides, Christoph Berg, Glenn Gardener, Nicola Persico, Pietro Bagolan, Greg Ryan, Michael A Belfort, Jan Deprest
Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a congenital anomaly with high mortality and morbidity mainly due to pulmonary hypoplasia and hypertension. Temporary fetal tracheal occlusion to promote prenatal lung growth may improve survival. Entrapment of lung fluid stretches the airways, leading to lung growth. Methods: Fetal endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO) is performed by percutaneous sono-endoscopic insertion of a balloon developed for interventional radiology...
2018: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757345/does-socioeconomic-status-modify-the-association-between-preterm-birth-and-children-s-early-cognitive-ability-and-kindergarten-academic-achievement-in-the-united-states
#2
Jennifer L Beauregard, Carolyn Drews-Botsch, Jessica M Sales, W Dana Flanders, Michael R Kramer
Being born preterm and being raised in poverty are each linked with adverse cognitive outcomes. Using data from 5,250 singletons born in the US in 2001 and enrolled in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, we examined whether household socioeconomic status (SES) modified the association between preterm birth (PTB) and children's scores on cognitive assessments at 2 years and reading and mathematics assessments at kindergarten age. Gestational age was measured from birth certificates and categorized as early preterm, moderate preterm, late preterm, early term, and term...
May 11, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753323/leisure-time-physical-activity-in-9-to-11-year-old-children-born-moderately-preterm-a-cohort-study
#3
M Nordvall-Lassen, H K Hegaard, C Obel, M S Lindhard, M Hedegaard, T B Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is one of the best documented activities with impacts on health in children and adults. Children born preterm show reduced physical and psychosocial function compared to children born at term. This may influence their level of physical activity. Reports on moderately preterm children's physical activities during childhood are limited. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the leisure time physical activity at age 9-11 years of moderately preterm children with that of children born at term...
May 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751781/full-normalization-of-severe-hypertension-after-parathryoidectomy-a-case-report-and-systematic-review
#4
Andreea Corina Sofronie, Isabelle Kooij, Claude Bursot, Giulia Santagati, Jean-Philippe Coindre, Giorgina Barbara Piccoli
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between hyperparathyroidism and hypertension has been described for decades, the role of hyperparathyroidism in hypertension in dialysis is still unclear. Following the case of a severely hypertensive dialysis patient, in which parathyroidectomy (PTX) corrected the metabolic imbalance and normalized blood pressure (BP), we tried to contextualize our observation with a systematic review of the recent literature on the effect of PTX on BP. CASE PRESENTATION: A dialysis patient, aged 19 years at the time of this report, with chronic kidney disease (CKD) from childhood; he was an early-preterm baby with very low birth weight (910 g), and is affected by a so-far unidentified familial nephropathy...
May 11, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751368/rapid-systematic-review-shows-that-using-a-high-flow-nasal-cannula-is-inferior-to-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-as-first-line-support-in-preterm-neonates
#5
REVIEW
Francesca Conte, Luigi Orfeo, Camilla Gizzi, Luca Massenzi, Salvatore Fasola
AIM: We reviewed using a high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) as first-line support for preterm neonates with, or at risk of, respiratory distress. METHODS: This rapid systematic review covered biomedical databases up to June 2017. We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in English. The reference lists of the studies and relevant reviews we included were also screened. We performed the study selection, data extraction, study quality assessment, meta-analysis and quality of evidence assessment following the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system...
May 11, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750895/predictors-and-incidence-of-hospitalization-due-to-respiratory-syncytial-virus-rsv-associated-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-lrti-in-non-prophylaxed-moderate-to-late-preterm-infants-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#6
Hajrija Maksić, Suada Heljić, Fahrija Skokić, Darinka Šumanović-Glamuzina, Veroslava Milošević, Almir Zlatanović, Notario Gerard
Prematurity is a risk factor for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-associated lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs), due to immature humoral and cell-mediated immune system in preterm newborns, as well as their incomplete lung development. Palivizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against the F glycoprotein of RSV, is licensed for the prevention of severe RSV LRTI in children at high risk for the disease. This study is a part of a larger observational, retrospective-prospective epidemiological study (PONI) conducted at 72 sites across 23 countries in the northern temperate zone...
April 27, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748205/cerebral-perfusion-is-perturbed-by-preterm-birth-and-brain-injury
#7
E S Mahdi, M Bouyssi-Kobar, M B Jacobs, J Murnick, T Chang, C Limperopoulos
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early disturbances in systemic and cerebral hemodynamics are thought to mediate prematurity-related brain injury. However, the extent to which CBF is perturbed by preterm birth is unknown. Our aim was to compare global and regional CBF in preterm infants with and without brain injury on conventional MR imaging using arterial spin-labeling during the third trimester of ex utero life and to examine the relationship between clinical risk factors and CBF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled preterm infants younger than 32 weeks' gestational age and <1500 g and performed arterial spin-labeling MR imaging studies...
May 10, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727248/quantitative-fetal-fibronectin-and-cervical-length-in-symptomatic-women-results-from-a-prospective-blinded-cohort-study
#8
Lisa D Levine, Katheryne L Downes, Julie A Romero, Hope Pappas, Michal A Elovitz
OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to determine whether quantitative fetal fibronectin (fFN) and cervical length (CL) screening can be used alone or in combination as prognostic tests to identify symptomatic women at highest or lowest risk for spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). METHODS: A prospective, blinded cohort study of women presenting with a singleton gestation to our triage unit between 22-33w6d with preterm labor symptoms was performed. Women with ruptured membranes, moderate/severe bleeding, and dilation > 2 cm were excluded...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723482/factors-affecting-breastfeeding-outcomes-at-six-months-in-preterm-infants
#9
Ying Wang, Carrie-Ellen Briere, Wanli Xu, Xiaomei Cong
BACKGROUND: Preterm mother-infant dyads often face many obstacles to breastfeeding. Preterm infants are at highest risk for low rates of exclusive breastfeeding. Research Aim: To determine the prevalence of breastfeeding at 6 months among preterm infants and to identify factors that influenced mothers' breastfeeding practices. METHODS: A longitudinal observational study was conducted in a metropolitan hospital in Beijing, China. Mothers ( N = 270) and their preterm infants ( N = 280) were included in the study...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722009/white-matter-properties-associated-with-pre-reading-skills-in-6-year-old-children-born-preterm-and-at-term
#10
Cory K Dodson, Katherine E Travis, Lauren R Borchers, Virginia A Marchman, Michal Ben-Shachar, Heidi M Feldman
AIM: To assess associations between white matter properties and pre-reading skills (phonological awareness and receptive and expressive language) in children born preterm and at term at the onset of reading acquisition. METHOD: Six-year-old children born preterm (n=36; gestational age 22-32wks) and at term (n=43) underwent diffusion magnetic resonance imaging and behavioural assessments. Tracts were selected a priori based on findings from a study of 6-year-old children born at term: the left-hemisphere arcuate fasciculus and superior longitudinal fasciculus, and right-hemisphere uncinate fasciculus...
May 3, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719294/preterm-glycosuria-new-data-from-a-continuous-glucose-monitoring-system
#11
Mateusz Jagła, Izabela Szymońska, Katarzyna Starzec, Przemko Kwinta
BACKGROUND: Careful control of glucose homeostasis is essential for infants with very low birth weight (VLBW). In clinical practice, blood and urine glucose levels are monitored; however, their correlation has not been fully investigated in VLBW infants. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the correlation between interstitial fluid glucose concentration (ISFG), glycosuria, and urine output among VLBW infants through continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). METHODS: A prospective, single-center, open cohort study enrolled 74 VLBW infants with a mean birth weight of 1,066 g...
May 2, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710185/accuracy-and-reliability-of-eye-based-vs-quadrant-based-diagnosis-of-plus-disease-in-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#12
Sang Jin Kim, J Peter Campbell, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, Susan Ostmo, Karyn E Jonas, Dongseok Choi, R V Paul Chan, Michael F Chiang
Importance: Presence of plus disease in retinopathy of prematurity is the most critical element in identifying treatment-requiring disease. However, there is significant variability in plus disease diagnosis. In particular, plus disease has been defined as 2 or more quadrants of vascular abnormality, and it is not clear whether it is more reliably and accurately diagnosed by eye-based assessment of overall retinal appearance or by quadrant-based assessment combining grades of 4 individual quadrants...
April 26, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705117/parental-perspectives-regarding-outcomes-of-very-preterm-infants-toward-a-balanced-approach
#13
Magdalena Jaworski, Annie Janvier, Francine Lefebvre, Thuy Mai Luu
OBJECTIVES: To explore parental perspectives regarding their preterm child at 18 months corrected age and to investigate whether reported answers correlate with level of neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) as defined by clinicians. We hypothesized that parents would report more negative concerns with increasing level of NDI. STUDY DESIGN: This study included 190 infants born <29 weeks of gestational age in 2009-2012 at 1 tertiary university health center. Infants underwent detailed developmental assessment at 18 months corrected age, and were classified into either absence or presence of mild to moderate or severe NDI...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702710/neonatal-morbidities-among-moderately-preterm-infants-with-and-without-exposure-to-antenatal-corticosteroids
#14
Sanjay Chawla, Girija Natarajan, Dhuly Chowdhury, Abhik Das, Michele Walsh, Edward F Bell, Abbot R Laptook, Krisa Van Meurs, Carl T D'Angio, Barbara J Stoll, Sara B DeMauro, Seetha Shankaran
OBJECTIVE:  We aimed to compare the rates of "surfactant treated respiratory disease" and other neonatal morbidities among moderately preterm (MPT) infants exposed to no, partial, or a complete course of antenatal corticosteroids (ANS). STUDY DESIGN:  This observational cohort study evaluated MPT infants (290/7 -336/7 weeks' gestational age), born between January 2012 and November 2013 and enrolled in the "MPT Registry" of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network...
April 27, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702396/perinatal-stress-moderates-the-link-between-early-and-later-emotional-skills-in-very-preterm-born-children-an-11-year-long-longitudinal-study
#15
Nevena Dimitrova, Hélène Turpin, Ayala Borghini, Mathilde Morisod Harari, Sébastien Urben, Carole Müller-Nix
BACKGROUND: Very preterm (VPT) birth refers to an early stressful event putting children at heightened risk for emotional difficulties. However, there is an important individual variability, leaving unexplained why some VPT children do not develop emotional difficulties, while others develop such difficulties in the early years or later in life. AIM: In this study, we examined whether perinatal stress is a risk factor explaining heterogeneities in emotional problems in VPT children...
April 24, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698511/skin-thickness-as-a-potential-marker-of-gestational-age-at-birth-despite-different-fetal-growth-profiles-a-feasibility-study
#16
Gabriela Luiza Nogueira Vitral, Regina Amélia P Lopes Aguiar, Ingrid Michelle Fonseca de Souza, Maria Albertina Santiago Rego, Rodney Nascimento Guimarães, Zilma Silveira Nogueira Reis
BACKGROUND: New methodologies to estimate gestational age (GA) at birth are demanded to face the limited access to obstetric ultrasonography and imprecision of postnatal scores. The study analyzed the correlation between neonatal skin thickness and pregnancy duration. Secondarily, it investigated the influence of fetal growth profiles on tissue layer dimensions. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In a feasibility study, 222 infants selected at a term-to-preterm ratio of 1:1 were assessed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694992/respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-otherwise-healthy-prematurely-born-infants-a-forgotten-majority
#17
Bosco Paes
Healthy, premature infants ≤35 weeks' gestational age (wGA) are universally recognized to be at an increased risk of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Serious respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) lower respiratory tract infection imposes an additional burden of illness on these infants following hospitalization. Incurred morbidities relative to term infants include longer lengths of hospital stay, admission to intensive care, and need for oxygen and mechanical ventilation, all of which are associated with increased hospital costs...
May 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691880/early-postnatal-growth-and-neurodevelopment-in-children-born-moderately-preterm-or-small-for-gestational-age-at-term-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Marion Taine, Marie-Aline Charles, Jacques Beltrand, Jean Christophe Rozé, Juliane Léger, Jérémie Botton, Barbara Heude
BACKGROUND: Clinicians' interest in the long-term effects of early postnatal growth (EPG) is growing. There is compelling evidence linking rapid EPG with later cardiovascular risk, but its neurodevelopmental benefits still remain hypothetical in individuals born moderately preterm (MP) or small for gestational at term (SGAT). METHODS: The objective was to perform a systematic review of the relationship between EPG before age 3 years and neurodevelopmental outcome for individuals born MP (32-36 weeks' gestational age) or SGAT...
April 25, 2018: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687665/effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-breathing-variability-in-early-preterm-lung-disease
#19
Emanuela Zannin, Chiara Veneroni, Raffaele L Dellacà, Roberta Corbetta, Bela Suki, Paolo E Tagliabue, Maria L Ventura
OBJECTIVES: In preterm infants, the application of nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (nCPAP) improves lung function through several mechanisms and may interact with the control of breathing. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of increasing/decreasing nCPAP on gas exchange, breathing pattern, and its variability in preterm infants. METHODS: Fifeteen infants with mild to moderate respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) were studied on the first day of life. Infants had a mean (SD) gestational age of 30 + 4 (3 + 4) weeks + day and body weight of 1405 (606) g...
April 23, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687659/effectiveness-and-safety-of-nasal-mask-versus-binasal-prongs-for-providing-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Bonny Jasani, Abu Ismail, Shripada Rao, Sanjay Patole
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) delivered via binasal prongs has been the cornerstone of respiratory management in preterm infants. Though effective, the use of binasal prongs is associated with nasal trauma, and CPAP failure. To overcome these issues, nasal masks are increasingly used to deliver CPAP in preterm infants. The aim was to conduct a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing nasal mask versus binasal prongs to deliver CPAP in preterm infants. Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index of Nursing, and Allied Health Literature, and E-abstracts from the Pediatric Academic Society meetings were searched in May 2017...
April 23, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
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