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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097614/comprehensive-and-medically-appropriate-food-support-is-associated-with-improved-hiv-and-diabetes-health
#1
Kartika Palar, Tessa Napoles, Lee L Hufstedler, Hilary Seligman, Fredrick M Hecht, Kimberly Madsen, Mark Ryle, Simon Pitchford, Edward A Frongillo, Sheri D Weiser
Food insecurity is associated with negative chronic health outcomes, yet few studies have examined how providing medically appropriate food assistance to food-insecure individuals may improve health outcomes in resource-rich settings. We evaluated a community-based food support intervention in the San Francisco Bay Area for people living with HIV and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and potential impact of the intervention on nutritional, mental health, disease management, healthcare utilization, and physical health outcomes...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092346/differential-hypothalamic-leptin-sensitivity-in-obese-rat-offspring-exposed-to-maternal-and-postnatal-intake-of-chocolate-and-soft-drink
#2
M Kjaergaard, C Nilsson, A Secher, J Kildegaard, T Skovgaard, M O Nielsen, K Grove, K Raun
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Intake of high-energy foods and maternal nutrient overload increases the risk of metabolic diseases in the progeny such as obesity and diabetes. We hypothesized that maternal and postnatal intake of chocolate and soft drink will affect leptin sensitivity and hypothalamic astrocyte morphology in adult rat offspring. METHODS: Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were fed ad libitum chow diet only (C) or with chocolate and high sucrose soft drink supplement (S)...
January 16, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091350/the-effects-of-flavanone-rich-citrus-juice-on-cognitive-function-and-cerebral-blood-flow-an-acute-randomised-placebo-controlled-cross-over-trial-in-healthy-young-adults
#3
Daniel J Lamport, Deepa Pal, Anna L Macready, Sofia Barbosa-Boucas, John M Fletcher, Claire M Williams, Jeremy P E Spencer, Laurie T Butler
A plausible mechanism underlying flavonoid-associated cognitive effects is increased cerebral blood flow (CBF). However, behavioural and CBF effects following flavanone-rich juice consumption have not been explored. The aim of this study was to investigate whether consumption of flavanone-rich juice is associated with acute cognitive benefits and increased regional CBF in healthy, young adults. An acute, single-blind, randomised, cross-over design was applied with two 500-ml drink conditions - high-flavanone (HF; 70·5 mg) drink and an energy-, and vitamin C- matched, zero-flavanone control...
December 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088718/highly-efficient-inactivation-of-bacteria-found-in-drinking-water-using-chitosan-bentonite-composites-modelling-and-breakthrough-curve-analysis
#4
Sarah C Motshekga, Suprakas Sinha Ray
Disinfection of bacterially-contaminated drinking water requires a robust and effective technique and can be achieved by using an appropriate disinfectant material. The advanced use of nanomaterials is observed as an alternative and effective way for the disinfection process and water treatment as a whole. Hence, the inactivation of Escherichia coli (E. coli) using chitosan-Bentonite (Cts-Bent) composites was studied in a fixed bed column. Cts-Bent composites were synthesized using in situ cross-linking method using Bent-supported silver and zinc oxide nanoparticles...
January 3, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078169/a-survey-of-energy-drink-consumption-patterns-among-college-students-at-a-mostly-hispanic-university
#5
Ernesto Cabezas-Bou, Jeidiel De León-Arbucias, Nikol Matos-Vergara, Yocasta Álvarez-Bagnarol, Jesús Ortega-Guzmán, Karla Narváez-Pérez, Nelson D Cruz-Bermúdez, Manuel Díaz-Ríos
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink (ED) consumption patterns among Hispanic college students. We measured the prevalence and frequency of ED consumption according to gender, degree programs, and specific university-related and social situations. In addition, we assessed the frequency of consumption of EDs mixed with alcoholic beverages. Methods: A total of 508 college students from the University of Puerto Rico, the largest Hispanic institution of higher education statewide, completed an online questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Caffeine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069205/study-of-a-laboratory-scaled-new-method-for-the-accelerated-continuous-ageing-of-wine-spirits-by-applying-ultrasound-energy
#6
M J Delgado-González, M M Sánchez-Guillén, M V García-Moreno, M C Rodríguez-Dodero, C García-Barroso, D A Guillén-Sánchez
During the ageing of brandies, many physicochemical processes take place involving the distilled spirit and the wood of the casks. Because of these reactions, the polyphenolic content of brandies and their content of organic acids increase with the ageing. These reactions are slow, and the ageing of high-quality brandies takes several years. In this paper, the development of a system that uses the circulation of the wine distillate through encapsulated American oak chips and the application of ultrasound energy with the aim of producing aged wine spirits has been carried out, and the influences of the operation variables over the characteristics of the produced drink have been measured...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068143/adaptations-to-excess-choline-in-insulin-resistant-and-pcyt2-deficient-skeletal-muscle
#7
Adrian Taylor, Laila Cigana Schenkel, Maiya Yokich, Marica Bakovic
It was hypothesized that choline supplementation in insulin resistant (IR) CTP:phosphoethanolamine cytidylyltransferase deficient (Pcyt2(+/-)) mice would ameliorate muscle function by remodeling glucose and fatty acid (FA) metabolism. Pcyt2(+/-) mice either received no treatment or were allowed access to 2 mg/mL choline in drinking water for 4 weeks. Skeletal muscle was harvested from choline treated and untreated mice. Lipid analysis and metabolic gene expression and signaling pathways were compared between untreated Pcyt2(+/-) mice, treated Pcyt2(+/-) mice, and Pcyt2(+/+) mice...
September 6, 2016: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056890/the-relationship-between-hours-of-sleep-screen-time-and-frequency-of-food-and-drink-consumption-in-spain%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-the-2011-and-2013-aladino-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Carmen Villar-Villalba, Ana María López Sobaler, María Ángeles Dal Re Saavedra, Aránzazu Aparicio, Sara Santos Sanz, Teresa Robledo de Dios, José Javier Castrodeza-Sanz, Rosa María Ortega Anta
BACKGROUND: The frequency of intake of food and beverages depends on a number of ill-defined behaviour patterns. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of screen time and sleep duration on food consumption frequency, and to describe frequencies and types of food consumption according to BMI category and parents' level of education. METHODS: We studied 6287 and 2806 children drawn from the 2011 and 2013 cross-sectional ALADINO studies respectively...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056585/validation-and-reproducibility-of-an-australian-caffeine-food-frequency-questionnaire
#9
E J Watson, M Kohler, S Banks, A M Coates
The aim of this study was to measure validity and reproducibility of a caffeine food frequency questionnaire (C-FFQ) developed for the Australian population. The C-FFQ was designed to assess average daily caffeine consumption using four categories of food and beverages including; energy drinks; soft drinks/soda; coffee and tea and chocolate (food and drink). Participants completed a seven-day food diary immediately followed by the C-FFQ on two consecutive days. The questionnaire was first piloted in 20 adults, and then, a validity/reproducibility study was conducted (n = 90 adults)...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051821/energy-drink-consumption-in-italian-university-students-food-habits-and-lifestyle
#10
V Vitiello, L Diolordi, M Pirrone, L M Donini, V Del Balzo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the consumption of ED (Energy drink) among young people, both alone and in association with alcohol, as well as the food habits and lifestyle of ED consumers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous closed-ended questionnaire, was administered to a sample of students. The questionnaire is composed of 30 questions with multiple answers. The students, who come from different regions in Italy, were enrolled at two Italian Universities: Rome and Cagliari...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039074/caffeine-stimulates-voluntary-wheel-running-in-mice-without-increasing-aerobic-capacity
#11
Gerald C Claghorn, Zoe Thompson, Kristianna Wi, Lindsay Van, Theodore Garland
The "energy drink" Red Bull and the "sports drink" Gatorade are often marketed to athletes, with claims that they cause performance gains. However, both are high in sugars, and also consumed by non-athletes. Few studies have addressed the effects of these drinks or their biologically active components in rodent exercise models. We used three experiments to test effects on both voluntary exercise behavior and maximal aerobic capacity in lines of mice known to differ in "athletic" traits. Mice from four replicate High Runner (HR) lines have been selectively bred for voluntary running on wheels, and run approximately three times as many revolutions per day as do mice from four non-selected Control (C) lines...
December 28, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012834/the-associations-between-e-cigarettes-and-binge-drinking-marijuana-use-and-energy-drinks-mixed-with-alcohol
#12
Sandra Milicic, Scott T Leatherdale
PURPOSE: Use of e-cigarettes by youth is proliferating worldwide, but little is known about the behavioral profile of youth e-cigarette users and the association of e-cigarette use with other health-risky behaviors. This study examines the associations between e-cigarette use and tobacco, marijuana, and alcohol use among a large sample of Canadian youth. METHODS: Using Canadian data from 39,837 grade 9 to 12 students who participated in year 3 (2014-2015) of the COMPASS study, logistic regression models were used to examine how current use of e-cigarettes were associated with tobacco, marijuana, binge drinking, and energy drinks mixed with alcohol...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012242/a-12-week-intervention-with-nonivamide-a-trpv1-agonist-prevents-a-dietary-induced-body-fat-gain-and-increases-peripheral-serotonin-in-moderately-overweight-subjects
#13
Christina M Hochkogler, Barbara Lieder, Petra Rust, David Berry, Samuel M Meier, Marc Pignitter, Alessandra Riva, Alina Leitinger, Anne Bruk, Simone Wagner, Joachim Hans, Sabine Widder, Jakob P Ley, Gerhard E Krammer, Veronika Somoza
SCOPE: A bolus administration of 0.15 mg nonivamide has previously been demonstrated to reduce energy intake in moderately overweight men. This 12-week intervention investigated whether a daily consumption of nonivamide in a protein-based product formulation promotes a reduction in body weight in healthy overweight subjects, and affects outcome measures associated with mechanisms regulating food intake, e.g. plasma concentrations of an-/orexigenic hormones, energy substrates as well as changes in fecal microbiota ...
December 24, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011431/iron-removal-energy-consumption-and-operating-cost-of-electrocoagulation-of-drinking-water-using-a-new-flow-column-reactor
#14
Khalid S Hashim, Andy Shaw, Rafid Al Khaddar, Montserrat Ortoneda Pedrola, David Phipps
The goal of this project was to remove iron from drinking water using a new electrocoagulation (EC) cell. In this research, a flow column has been employed in the designing of a new electrocoagulation reactor (FCER) to achieve the planned target. Where, the water being treated flows through the perforated disc electrodes, thereby effectively mixing and aerating the water being treated. As a result, the stirring and aerating devices that until now have been widely used in the electrocoagulation reactors are unnecessary...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006882/erythema-exsudativum-multiforme-induced-by-a-taurine-containing-energy-drink
#15
Antigona Mithat Begolli Gerqari, Mybera Ferizi, Sadije Halimi, Aferdita Daka, Syzana Hapciu, Ilir Mithat Begolli, Mirije Begolli, Idriz Hysen Gerqari
Erythema exsudativum multiforme is an immunologically mediated skin condition caused by viruses, bacteria, food, and drugs. There are different forms, and depending on the severity of the disease there is a major and minor form. Whereas the minor form passes without consequences, the major form and Stevens-Johnson syndrome affect the mucosa and may result in death. The disease affects all age groups but is more often observed in young individuals. Typical signs of the disease are skin lesions termed herpes iris...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002181/effects-of-caffeine-ingestion-on-skill-performance-during-an-international-female-rugby-sevens-competition
#16
Javier Portillo, Juan Del Coso, Javier Abián-Vicén
The aim of this study was to establish the effects of a caffeine-containing energy drink on skills and technical performance during a match in female elite rugby sevens players. On two non-consecutive days of a friendly tournament, sixteen women from the Spanish national rugby-sevens team (mean age = 23±2 yr) ingested 3 mg of caffeine per kg of body mass in the form of an energy drink or the same drink without caffeine (placebo drink). After sixty minutes for caffeine absorption, participants played three rugby sevens matches against another national team...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997257/solid-gel-and-liquid-carbohydrate-format-effects-on-gut-comfort-and-performance
#17
Mathilde Guillochon, David S Rowlands
Carbohydrate sports drinks produce worthwhile benefits to endurance performance compared with non-caloric controls. However, athletes now consume carbohydrate in a range of formats, including gels and bars, but the comparable performance outcomes are unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish the relative effects of drink, gel, bar, and mixed carbohydrate formats on intense cycling performance. In a treatment-apparent randomised crossover design, 12 well-trained male cyclists completed 4 trials comprising a 140-min race simulation, followed by a double-blind slow-ramp to exhaustion (0...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992613/the-association-of-resting-heart-rate-with-the-presence-of-diabetes-in-korean-adults-the-2010-2013-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#18
Jae Won Hong, Jung Hyun Noh, Dong-Jun Kim
BACKGROUND: Previous epidemiologic studies have shown that elevated resting heart rate (HR) is associated with higher cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. Although the relationship between elevated HR and CVD is well established, the association between resting HR and diabetes has been relatively understudied, particularly in non-Western populations. OBJECTIVES: We confirmed the association between the presence of type 2 diabetes and resting HR in the Korean adult population using data from the 2010-2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990227/effects-of-a-pre-workout-energy-drink-supplement-on-upper-body-muscular-endurance-performance
#19
Mitchel A Magrini, Ryan J Colquhoun, J Jay Dawes, Doug B Smith
The use of pre-workout beverages is becoming an increasingly common method of improving performance during exercise in athletic and recreationally active populations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a commercially available energy drink on exercise performance. Thirty-one healthy males (n=23) and females (n=8) participated in this study and were separated into two groups: supplement (SU; n=16) or placebo (PL; n=15). Subjects visited the laboratory on 2 occasions separated by no more than 7 days...
2016: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989259/buying-less-and-wasting-less-food-changes-in-household-food-energy-purchases-energy-intakes-and-energy-density-between-2007-and-2012-with-and-without-adjustment-for-food-waste
#20
Stephen Whybrow, Graham W Horgan, Jennie I Macdiarmid
OBJECTIVE: Consumers in the UK responded to the rapid increases in food prices between 2007 and 2009 partly by reducing the amount of food energy bought. Household food and drink waste has also decreased since 2007. The present study explored the combined effects of reductions in food purchases and waste on estimated food energy intakes and dietary energy density. DESIGN: The amount of food energy purchased per adult equivalent was calculated from Kantar Worldpanel household food and drink purchase data for 2007 and 2012...
December 19, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
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