keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

energy drink

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644013/a-simple-approach-to-prepare-carboxycellulose-nanofibers-from-untreated-biomass
#1
Priyanka R Sharma, Ritika Joshi, Benjamin S Hsiao
A simple approach was developed to prepare carboxycellulose nanofibers directly from untreated biomass using nitric acid or nitric acid-sodium nitrite mixtures. Experiments indicated that this approach greatly reduced the need for multi-chemicals, and offered significant benefits in lowering the consumption of water and electric energy, when compared with conventional multiple-step processes at bench scale (e.g. TEMPO oxidation). Additionally, the effluent produced by this approach could be efficaciously neutralized using base to produce nitrogen-rich salts as fertilizers...
June 23, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643211/do-energy-drink-consumers-study-more
#2
Leslie W Oglesby, Kristina A Amrani, Christopher J Wynveen, Andrew R Gallucci
The use and motivations for use of energy drinks (EDs) in college students has been documented in the literature. Many college students identify academic reasons, such as a need to study more, as a motivation for ED use. However, research has not determined if users who claim academic motivations actually study more than those who claim other motivations. A sample of 692 undergraduate students at a large, private university completed a paper survey that inquired about demographics, ED use, motivations for ED use, sleep quality, and average amount of time spent sleeping and studying per week...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642521/knowledge-of-and-attitudes-to-sports-drinks-of-adolescents-living-in-south-wales-uk
#3
R M Fairchild, D Broughton, M Z Morgan
Background The UK sports drinks market has a turnover in excess of £200 million. Adolescents consume 15.6% of total energy as free sugars, much higher than the recommended 5%. Sugar sweetened beverages, including sports drinks, account for 30% of total free sugar intake for those aged 11-18 years.Objective To investigate children's knowledge and attitudes surrounding sports drinks.Method One hundred and eighty-three self-complete questionnaires were distributed to four schools in South Wales. Children aged 12-14 were recruited to take part...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642078/experimental-tests-on-commercial-sweet-product-residue-spr-as-a-suitable-feed-for-anaerobic-bioenergy-h2-ch4-production
#4
Andrea C Luongo Malavè, Debora Fino, Carlos E Gómez Camacho, Bernardo Ruggeri
Food stores can find themselves in the position of having to dispose of different types of products, such as snacks, confectionery, prepackaged food, drinks and others, Sweet Product Residue (SPR), which presents a great opportunity to produce energy through Anaerobic Digestion (AD), due to its high sugar, carbohidrate and fat contents. In order to valorise SPR, this paper takes into consideration the all necessary treatments; owing the fact that the refuses are constitute by an organic part and packaging (plastic, paper and their combinations), a pretreatment able to remove the latter is necessary...
June 19, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633951/beach-litter-sourcing-a-trawl-along-the-northern-ireland-coastline
#5
A T Williams, P Randerson, C Allen, J A G Cooper
Fourteen non-recreational coastal locations in Northern Ireland were investigated as to whether beach litter deposition was related to seasonal or site specific factors. Litter items were counted in 100m width transects and 1km strand-line surveys over a five-season period (autumn to autumn). Survey sites comprised fishing ports; estuarine areas, north (high energy) and east coast (low energy) beaches. Fishing ports accumulated the most litter. In the 100m beach surveys, plastics, string and cord, bottle caps, food items, rope, and drink containers dominated...
June 17, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630307/nanophotonics-enabled-solar-membrane-distillation-for-off-grid-water-purification
#6
Pratiksha D Dongare, Alessandro Alabastri, Seth Pedersen, Katherine R Zodrow, Nathaniel J Hogan, Oara Neumann, Jinjian Wu, Tianxiao Wang, Akshay Deshmukh, Menachem Elimelech, Qilin Li, Peter Nordlander, Naomi J Halas
With more than a billion people lacking accessible drinking water, there is a critical need to convert nonpotable sources such as seawater to water suitable for human use. However, energy requirements of desalination plants account for half their operating costs, so alternative, lower energy approaches are equally critical. Membrane distillation (MD) has shown potential due to its low operating temperature and pressure requirements, but the requirement of heating the input water makes it energy intensive. Here, we demonstrate nanophotonics-enabled solar membrane distillation (NESMD), where highly localized photothermal heating induced by solar illumination alone drives the distillation process, entirely eliminating the requirement of heating the input water...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623168/access-to-nicotine-in-drinking-water-reduces-weight-gain-without-changing-caloric-intake-on-high-fat-diet-in-male-c57bl-6j-mice
#7
Cali A Calarco, Somin Lee, Marina R Picciotto
Nicotine and tobacco use is associated with lower body weight, and many smokers report concerns about weight. In animal studies, nicotine reduces weight gain, reduces food consumption, and alters energy expenditure, but these effects vary with duration and route of nicotine administration. Previous studies have used standardized nicotine doses, however, in this study, male and female mice had free access to nicotine drinking water for 30 days while fed either a high fat diet (HFD) or chow, allowing animals to titrate their nicotine intake...
June 13, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622099/energy-drinks-and-alcohol-related-risk-among-young-adults
#8
Celeste M Caviness, Bradley J Anderson, Michael D Stein
BACKGROUND: Energy drink consumption, with or without concurrent alcohol use, is common among young adults. This study sought to clarify risk for negative alcohol outcomes related to the timing of energy drink use. METHODS: We interviewed a community sample of 481 young adults, aged 18-25, who drank alcohol use in the last month. Past 30 day energy drink use was operationalized as no-use, use without concurrent alcohol, and concurrent use of energy drinks with alcohol ("within a couple of hours")...
June 16, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611599/the-melanin-concentrating-hormone-as-an-integrative-peptide-driving-motivated-behaviors
#9
REVIEW
Giovanne B Diniz, Jackson C Bittencourt
The melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is an important peptide implicated in the control of motivated behaviors. History, however, made this peptide first known for its participation in the control of skin pigmentation, from which its name derives. In addition to this peripheral role, MCH is strongly implicated in motivated behaviors, such as feeding, drinking, mating and, more recently, maternal behavior. It is suggested that MCH acts as an integrative peptide, converging sensory information and contributing to a general arousal of the organism...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610922/central-administration-of-glp-1-and-gip-decreases-feeding-in-mice
#10
Cherl NamKoong, Min Sun Kim, Byeong-Tak Jang, Young Hee Lee, Young-Min Cho, Hyung Jin Choi
Glucagon-like peptide-1 amide (GLP-1) and gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) are incretin hormones regulating energy metabolism. GLP-1 and GIP combination is suggested as a promising therapeutic strategy for treatment of obesity and diabetes. However, the neuronal mechanisms are not yet investigated. In the present study, we investigated the role of central GLP-1 and GIP in regulation of body weight homeostasis. The effect of GLP-1 with GIP on food intake, body weight, locomotor activity were determined following intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of GLP-1 and/or GIP in mice...
June 10, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608638/effect-of-different-levels-of-copper-nanoparticles-and-copper-sulphate-on-performance-metabolism-and-blood-biochemical-profiles-in-broiler-chicken
#11
A Scott, K P Vadalasetty, M Łukasiewicz, S Jaworski, M Wierzbicki, A Chwalibog, E Sawosz
A study was conducted to investigate the influence of copper administration in ovo to chicken embryos and/or supplied in drinking water to growing chickens in the form copper nanoparticles (Cu-NP) or copper sulphate (CuSO4 ). The fertilised eggs were assigned to three groups (n = 50 per group): control (not injected), injected with 50 mg/kg Cu-NP or with 50 mg/kg CuSO4 at day 1 of incubation. Thereafter, 126 one-day-old broiler chickens were randomly assigned to seven post-hatched groups: control not injected and not provided with Cu in the drinking water, injected with 50 mg/kg Cu-NP + 20 mg/kg in water, not injected + 20 mg/kg Cu-NP in water, injected with 50 mg/kg CuSO4  + 20 mg/kg in water, not injected + 20 mg/kg CuSO4 in water, injected with 50 mg/kg Cu-NP and injected with 50 mg/kg CuSO4 ...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605655/aluminum-chloride-caused-liver-dysfunction-and-mitochondrial-energy-metabolism-disorder-in-rat
#12
Feibo Xu, Yanfen Liu, Hansong Zhao, Kaiyuan Yu, Miao Song, Yanzhu Zhu, Yanfei Li
Aluminum (Al) is known to exert hepatotoxicity. However, the mechanisms mostly are unclear. Liver is a metabolism organ that maintains the energy level and structural stability of body, mitochondria are the main sites of energy metabolism, thus, we hypothesized that mitochondrial energy metabolism disorder contributes to liver dysfunction in aluminum chloride (AlCl3) treatment rat. To verify the hypothesis, forty male Wistar rats were randomly allocated and orally exposed to 0, 64mg/kg, 128mg/kg and 256mg/kg body weight AlCl3 in drinking water for 120days, respectively...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605236/caffeine-intake-and-its-sources-a-review-of-national-representative-studies
#13
Joris C Verster, Juergen Koenig
Aim of this review is to summarize current daily caffeine intake of children, adolescents, and adults, and trends in caffeine intake over the past decade. A literature search was conducted (1997-2015) which yielded 18 reports on nationally representative studies, describing caffeine consumption of over 275,000 children, adolescents and adults. The data revealed that mean total daily caffeine intake in children, adolescents, and adults is below caffeine intake recommendations such as those stated by Health Canada (2...
February 16, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605229/beliefs-behaviors-and-contexts-of-adolescent-caffeine-use-a-focus-group-study
#14
Alison B Ludden, Elizabeth M O'Brien, Keryn E Pasch
BACKGROUND: Caffeinated products are widely available to adolescents, and consumption of caffeine products-energy drinks and coffee in particular-is on the rise in this age group (Branum, Rossen, & Schoendorf, 2014). Yet, little is known about the psychosocial context of caffeine use. Previous studies on adolescent caffeine use have focused on caffeine's acute physiological effects, rather than the psychosocial contexts and beliefs regarding different types of caffeinated beverages (e...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603026/widespread-reduction-of-dopamine-cell-bodies-and-terminals-in-adult-rats-exposed-to-a-low-dose-regimen-of-mdma-during-adolescence
#15
Cristina Cadoni, Augusta Pisanu, Nicola Simola, Lucia Frau, Pier Francesca Porceddu, Silvia Corongiu, Christian Dessì, Annesha Sil, Antonio Plumitallo, Jadwiga Wardas, Gaetano Di Chiara
Although MDMA (3,4-methylendioxymethamphetamine, ecstasy) neurotoxicity in serotonin neurons is largely recognized in a wide variety of species including man, neurotoxicity in dopamine (DA) neurons is thought to be species-specific. MDMA is mainly consumed by adolescents, often in conjunction with caffeine (Energy Drinks) and this association has been reported to exacerbate MDMA toxic effects. In order to model these aspects of MDMA use, vis-à-vis their impact on DA neurons, we investigated the effects of adolescent exposure to low doses of MDMA (5 mg/kg for 10 days), alone or in combination with caffeine (10 mg/kg) on neuronal and functional DA indices and on recognition memory in adult rats...
June 8, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601105/adolescent-energy-drink-use-related-to-intake-of-fried-and-high-sugar-foods
#16
Ronald D Williams, Mary Odum, Jeff M Housman
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the relationship between energy drinks, fried food, and high-sugar food consumption. METHODS: Secondary analyses including Mann-Whitney U, Cohen's d and effect sizes were used to examine 7-day intakes of energy drinks, fried foods, and high-sugar foods among teenagers (N = 1570) who participated in the 2014 FLASHE Study. RESULTS: Energy drink consumption during the past 7 days was reported by 14.4% (N = 226) of participants...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592515/intragastric-lysine-lowers-the-circulating-glucose-and-insulin-responses-to-a-mixed-nutrient-drink-without-slowing-gastric-emptying-in-healthy-adults
#17
Sina S Ullrich, Penelope Ce Fitzgerald, Iris Nkamba, Robert E Steinert, Michael Horowitz, Christine Feinle-Bisset
Background: Lysine is reported to lower the glycemic response to oral glucose in humans and, albeit at high loads, to slow gastric emptying of glucose and decrease food intake in rats.Objective: We investigated the effects of intragastrically administered lysine on early (15 min) and later (60 min) blood glucose and insulin responses to and gastric emptying of a mixed-nutrient drink, and effects on subsequent energy intake.Methods: Twelve healthy volunteers (7 men and 5 women; mean ± SEM age: 24 ± 2 y) received intragastric infusions (200 mL) containing 5 or 10 g l-lysine or a control solution within 2 min on 3 different occasions in randomized order...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589459/quality-of-groundwater-resources-in-afghanistan
#18
Ehsanullah Hayat, Alper Baba
Water is the main source of energy production and economy in Afghanistan where agriculture accounts for more than 50% of the country's gross domestic product (GDP). Access to safe drinking water is still a problem in the country, which has caused different health issues and even child mortality especially in rural areas. Groundwater is the main source of drinking water in the country. However, little knowledge is available about the quality of groundwater throughout the entire country, and its quality has not been investigated extensively yet like in other countries in the world...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588499/intake-of-a-ketone-ester-drink-during-recovery-from-exercise-promotes-mtorc1-signaling-but-not-glycogen-resynthesis-in-human-muscle
#19
Tijs Vandoorne, Stefan De Smet, Monique Ramaekers, Ruud Van Thienen, Katrien De Bock, Kieran Clarke, Peter Hespel
Purpose: Ketone bodies are energy substrates produced by the liver during prolonged fasting or low-carbohydrate diet. The ingestion of a ketone ester (KE) rapidly increases blood ketone levels independent of nutritional status. KE has recently been shown to improve exercise performance, but whether it can also promote post-exercise muscle protein or glycogen synthesis is unknown. Methods: Eight healthy trained males participated in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled crossover study. In each session, subjects undertook a bout of intense one-leg glycogen-depleting exercise followed by a 5-h recovery period during which they ingested a protein/carbohydrate mixture...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588361/caffeine-and-cannabis-effects-on-vital-neurotransmitters-and-enzymes-in-the-brain-tissue-of-juvenile-experimental-rats
#20
J O Owolabi, S Y Olatunji, A J Olanrewaju
BACKGROUND: Caffeine and cannabis are globally consumed and abused psychoactive substances. While caffeine is legally used in various forms, including in tea and coffee as beverages, it is also consumed in soda and energy drinks as additives. Cannabis, on the other hand, is considered illegal in most countries; albeit, it is being consumed globally particularly by adolescents. PURPOSE: The adolescent stage marks a critical stage of brain development and maturation...
May 2017: Annals of Neurosciences
keyword
keyword
93857
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"