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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426322/formative-research-to-design-a-promotional-campaign-to-increase-drinking-water-among-central-american-latino-youth-in-an-urban-area
#1
Nicole Barrett, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Allison Elkins, Ivonne Rivera, W Douglas Evans, Mark Edberg
Latinos consume more sugary drinks and less water than other demographic groups. Our objective was to understand beverage choice motivations and test promotional concepts that can encourage Central American Latino urban youth to drink more water. Two rounds of focus group discussions were conducted (n = 10 focus groups, 61 participants, 6-18 years old). Data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using inductive and deductive coding approaches. Youth motivations for drinking water were shaped by level of thirst, weather, energy, and perceptions of health benefits...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421613/intoxication-related-amed-alcohol-mixed-with-energy-drink-expectancies-scale-initial-development-and-validation
#2
Kathleen E Miller, Kurt H Dermen, Joseph F Lucke
BACKGROUND: Young adult use of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmEDs) has been linked with elevated risks for a constellation of problem behaviors. These risks may be conditioned by expectancies regarding the effects of caffeine in conjunction with alcohol consumption. The aim of this study was to describe the construction and psychometric evaluation of the Intoxication-Related AmED Expectancies Scale (AmED_EXPI), 15 self-report items measuring beliefs about how the experience of AmED intoxication differs from the experience of noncaffeinated alcohol (NCA) intoxication...
April 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419459/how-can-we-restrict-the-sale-of-sports-and-energy-drinks-to-children
#3
REVIEW
Gillian Jean
High sugar drinks (HSD) including fruit drinks, soft drinks, sports drinks, and energy drinks, are of no nutritional value and contribute to the burden of dental disease in all age groups. The manufacturers of sports and energy drinks have elected to target children in their marketing campaigns and promote a misleading association between their products, healthy lifestyles and sporting prowess. The WHO has acknowledged that strategies aimed at prevention of dental disease are the only economically viable options for managing the oral health of children in low and middle income countries...
April 17, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419108/changes-in-prices-sales-consumer-spending-and-beverage-consumption-one-year-after-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-berkeley-california-us-a-before-and-after-study
#4
Lynn D Silver, Shu Wen Ng, Suzanne Ryan-Ibarra, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Marta Induni, Donna R Miles, Jennifer M Poti, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND: Taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) meant to improve health and raise revenue are being adopted, yet evaluation is scarce. This study examines the association of the first penny per ounce SSB excise tax in the United States, in Berkeley, California, with beverage prices, sales, store revenue/consumer spending, and usual beverage intake. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Methods included comparison of pre-taxation (before 1 January 2015) and first-year post-taxation (1 March 2015-29 February 2016) measures of (1) beverage prices at 26 Berkeley stores; (2) point-of-sale scanner data on 15...
April 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416865/folic-acid-content-and-antioxidant-activity-of-different-types-of-beers-available-in-hungarian-retail
#5
Dániel Koren, Csaba Orbán, Nóra Galló, Szilárd Kun, Beáta Vecseri-Hegyes, Gabriella Kun-Farkas
In this study 40 Hungarian retail beers were evaluated for folic acid content, antioxidant profile and physicochemical parameters. The physicochemical parameters, folic acid content and antioxidant activity of alcohol-free beers were the lowest. Folic acid content of beers aged with sour cherries showed high values, more than 0.4 mg/l and an alcohol-free beer-based mixed drink made with lemon juice contained more than 0.2 mg/l of folic acid. Dark beers and beers aged with sour cherries had the highest antioxidant activity probably owing to their high extract content, components released from the fruits and special malts...
April 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415920/what-can-the-food-and-drink-industry-do-to-help-achieve-the-5-free-sugars-goal
#6
Sigrid Gibson, Margaret Ashwell, Jenny Arthur, Lindsey Bagley, Alison Lennox, Peter J Rogers, Sara Stanner
AIMS: To contribute evidence and make recommendations to assist in achieving free sugars reduction, with due consideration to the broader picture of weight management and dietary quality. METHODS: An expert workshop in July 2016 addressed options outlined in the Public Health England report 'Sugar reduction: The evidence for action' that related directly to the food industry. Panel members contributed expertise in food technology, public heath nutrition, marketing, communications, psychology and behaviour...
April 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407157/consumers-of-mental-health-services-their-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-about-high-energy-drinks-and-drugs
#7
Shirley A Smoyak, Margaret A Swarbrick, Katerina Nowik, April Ancheta, Anthony Lombardo
To date, whether individuals with mental illness use high energy drinks (HED) to offset their symptoms, or whether their use began after diagnosis or psychoactive drugs were prescribed is unknown. Their degree of knowledge regarding their symptoms, diagnosis, or what strategies they have used to feel better is also undetermined. A search of the literature yielded no studies about these areas or domains. The current article provides background information on caffeine and HED, with or without alcohol, and the use patterns of consumers of mental health services, as well as their attitudes and knowledge...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406630/dual-functional-ultrafiltration-membrane-for-simultaneous-removal-of-multiple-pollutants-with-high-performance
#8
Shunlong Pan, Jiansheng Li, Owen Noonan, Xiaofeng Fang, Gaojie Wan, Chengzhong Yu, Lianjun Wang
Simultaneous removal of multiple pollutants from aqueous solution with less energy consumption is crucial in water purification. Here, a novel concept of dual-functional ultrafiltration (DFUF) membrane is demonstrated by entrapment of nano-structured adsorbents into the finger-like pores of ultrafiltration (UF) membrane rather than in the membrane matrix in previous reports of blend membranes, resulting in an exceptionally high active content and simultaneous removal of multiple pollutants from water due to the dual functions of rejection and adsorption...
April 13, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406605/porous-nanobimetallic-fe-mn-cubes-with-high-valent-mn-and-highly-efficient-removal-of-arsenic-iii
#9
Gong Zhang, Xiufang Xu, Qinghua Ji, Ruiping Liu, Huijuan Liu, Jiuhui Qu, Jinghong Li
Iron (Fe) oxides are the most commonly used adsorbent materials for the aqueous removal of Arsenic (As), but they have deficiencies, including low uptake and poor removal of the relatively higher toxicity As(III). Introduction of transition metals into Fe-containing adsorbents, an inexpensive method of altering Fe chemical states, is likewise of interest for removing As(III) from water by means of adsorption. Porous cubic Fe-Mn structures with BET surface area of 450 m(2) g(-1) were herein prepared via chemical etching of Mn-substituted Prussian Blue analogues (PBAs)...
April 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400722/sex-differences-in-the-physiological-and-behavioral-effects-of-chronic-oral-methylphenidate-treatment-in-rats
#10
Lisa S Robison, Michalis Michaelos, Jason Gandhi, Dennis Fricke, Erick Miao, Chiu-Yim Lam, Anthony Mauceri, Melissa Vitale, Junho Lee, Soyeh Paeng, David E Komatsu, Michael Hadjiargyrou, Panayotis K Thanos
Methylphenidate (MP) is a psychostimulant prescribed for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Previously, we developed a dual bottle 8-h-limited-access-drinking-paradigm for oral MP treatment of rats that mimics the pharmacokinetic profile of treated patients. This study assessed sex differences in response to this treatment. Male and female Sprague Dawley rats were assigned to one of three treatment groups at 4 weeks of age (n = 12/group): Control (water), low dose (LD) MP, and high dose (HD) MP. Rats drank 4 mg/kg MP (LD) or 30 mg/kg MP (HD) during the first hour, and 10 mg/kg (LD) or 60 mg/kg MP (HD) for the remaining 7 h each day...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398243/neonatal-citrulline-supplementation-and-later-exposure-to-a-high-fructose-diet-in-rats-born-with-a-low-birth-weight-a-preliminary-report
#11
Nhat-Thang Tran, Marie-Cécile Alexandre-Gouabau, Anthony Pagniez, Khadija Ouguerram, Clair-Yves Boquien, Norbert Winer, Dominique Darmaun
A low birth weight (LBW) leads to a higher risk of metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Literature suggests that citrulline supplementation in adulthood prevents the effect of a high fructose diet on energy metabolism. Whether neonatal citrulline supplementation would alter early growth or energy metabolism in the long-term in rats with LBW is unknown. LBW pups born from dams fed a low (4%) protein diet, were nursed by normally-fed dams and received isonitrogenous supplements of either l-citrulline or l-alanine by gavage from the sixth day of life until weaning, and were subsequently exposed to 10%-fructose in drinking water from weaning to 90 days of age...
April 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396048/effects-of-aroma-and-taste-independently-or-in-combination-on-appetite-sensation-and-subsequent-food-intake
#12
Wenting Yin, Louise Hewson, Robert Linforth, Moira Taylor, Ian D Fisk
Food flavour is important in appetite control. The effects of aroma and taste, independently or in combination, on appetite sensation and subsequent food intake, were studied. Twenty-six females (24 ± 4 years, 20.9 ± 1.9 kg⋅m(-2)) consumed, over 15 min period, one of four sample drinks as a preload, followed by an ad libitum consumption of a pasta meal (after 65 min). Sample drinks were: water (S1, 0 kcal), water with strawberry aroma (S2, 0 kcal), water with sucrose and citric acid (S3, 48 kcal) and water with strawberry aroma, sucrose and citric acid (S4, 48 kcal)...
April 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395860/application-of-natural-resource-valuation-concepts-for-development-of-sustainable-remediation-plans-for-groundwater
#13
John A Connor, Shawn Paquette, Thomas McHugh, Elaine Gie, Mark Hemingway, Gino Bianchi
This paper explores the application of natural resource assessment and valuation procedures as a tool for developing groundwater remediation strategies that achieve the objectives for health and environmental protection, in balance with considerations of economic viability and conservation of natural resources. The natural resource assessment process, as applied under U.S. and international guidelines, entails characterization of groundwater contamination in terms of the pre-existing beneficial services of the impacted resource, the loss of these services caused by the contamination, and the measures and associated costs necessary to restore or replace the lost services...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393097/short-and-sweet-associations-between-self-reported-sleep-duration-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#14
Aric A Prather, Cindy Leung, Nancy E Adler, Lorrene Ritchie, Barbara Laraia, Elissa S Epel
OBJECTIVES: Sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) are a major factor in the development of obesity and cardiometabolic disease. Shortened sleep duration has also been linked to increased appetite and obesity. Here, we examined whether there was an association between self-reported sleep duration and SSB consumption among adults aged 18 years and older. METHODS: Using data from 2005-12 NHANES we examined self- reported sleep duration and beverage intake (types of SSBs, juice, water, coffee, tea) from two 24-hour dietary recalls among 18,779 adults...
December 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392348/differences-in-mothers-and-children-s-dietary-intake-during-physical-and-sedentary-activities-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#15
Sydney G O'Connor, Carol Koprowski, Eldin Dzubur, Adam M Leventhal, Jimi Huh, Genevieve Fridlund Dunton
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and diet are major modifiable health behaviors contributing to obesity risk. Although patterns of these behaviors tend to cluster within individuals and within family units, it is unknown to what extent healthy and unhealthy dietary intake might differentially accompany sedentary and physical activities in mothers compared with their children. OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to examine differences in co-occurrence of activities and dietary intake between mothers and children, as measured in real time using ecological momentary assessment...
April 6, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388890/impact-of-bottle-size-on-in-home-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-feasibility-and-acceptability-study
#16
Eleni Mantzari, Gareth J Hollands, Rachel Pechey, Susan Jebb, Theresa M Marteau
BACKGROUND: Consumption of sugars-sweetened beverages (SSB) increases energy intake and the risk of obesity. Large packages increase consumption of food, implying that smaller bottle sizes may help curb SSB consumption, but there is a lack of relevant evidence relating to these products. This study explores the feasibility and acceptability of conducting a randomised controlled trial to assess the impact of different bottle sizes on SSB consumption at home. METHODS: Households in Cambridge, England, which purchased at least 2 l of regular cola drinks per week, received a set amount of cola each week for four weeks, in bottles of one of four sizes (1500 ml, 1000 ml, 500 ml, or 250 ml) in random order...
April 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388494/energy-drink-and-alcohol-mixed-energy-drink-use-among-high-school-adolescents-association-with-risk-taking-behavior-social-characteristics
#17
REVIEW
Marco Scalese, Francesca Denoth, Valeria Siciliano, Luca Bastiani, Rodolfo Cotichini, Arianna Cutilli, Sabrina Molinaro
PURPOSE: The aims of the study were to: a) examine the prevalence of energy drink (ED) and alcohol mixed with energy drink (AmED) consumption; b) investigate the relationships between ED and AmED with alcohol, binge drinking and drugs accounting for at risk behaviors among a representative sample of Italian adolescents. METHODS: A representative sample of 30,588 Italian high school students, aged 15-19years, was studied. Binary and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the independent association of the potential predictors' characteristics with the ED and AmED drinking during the last year...
March 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387431/arrhythmogenic-effects-of-energy-drinks
#18
REVIEW
Andres Enriquez, David S Frankel
Energy drinks (ED) are increasingly popular, especially among adolescents and young adults. They are marketed as enhancers of energy, alertness and physical performance. ED contain high doses of caffeine and other active ingredients. Their safety has come under question due to reports temporally linking ED consumption with serious cardiovascular events, including arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. In this article, we report two cases of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias in young patients after consuming ED...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387214/homogeneous-time-resolved-fluoroimmunoassay-of-microcystin-lr-using-layered-ws2-nanosheets-as-a-transducer
#19
Xiaodan Qin, Yuanxiu Wang, Bo Song, Xin Wang, Hua Ma, Jingli Yuan
A homogeneous time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay method for rapid and sensitive detection of microcystin-LR (MC-LR) in water samples was developed based on the interaction between water-soluble WS2 nanosheets and the conjugate of MC-LR with a luminescent Eu3+ complex BHHBCB-Eu3+ (BHHBCB: 1,2-bis[4'-(1″, 1″,1″,2″,2″,3″,3″-heptafluoro-4″,6″-hexanedion-6″-yl)- benzyl]-4-chlorosulfobenzene). The large lateral dimensions and high surface areas of two-dimensional layered WS2 nanosheets enable easy adsorption of the MC-LR-BHHBCB-Eu3+ conjugate, to lead to efficient quenching of the luminescence of Eu3+ complex via energy transfer or electron transfer process...
April 7, 2017: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381475/dairy-intake-in-relation-to-breast-and-pubertal-development-in-chilean-girls
#20
Audrey J Gaskins, Ana Pereira, Daiana Quintiliano, John A Shepherd, Ricardo Uauy, Camila Corvalán, Karin B Michels
Background: Frequent dairy consumption in childhood has been related to higher growth-hormone concentrations that may affect mammary gland and pubertal development.Objective: We evaluated the relation of dairy intake to breast composition at Tanner stage 4 and age at menarche.Design: A total of 515 Chilean girls are included in the Growth and Obesity Cohort Study. The subjects have been followed longitudinally since they were 3-4 y old (from 2006 to the present). Starting in 2013, diet was assessed every 6 mo via a 24-h recall...
April 5, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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