keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

energy drink

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225735/effects-of-energy-drinks-on-the-cardiovascular-system
#1
REVIEW
Bishoy Wassef, Michelle Kohansieh, Amgad N Makaryus
Throughout the last decade, the use of energy drinks has been increasingly looked upon with caution as potentially dangerous due to their perceived strong concentration of caffeine aside from other substances such as taurine, guarana, and L-carnitine that are largely unknown to the general public. In addition, a large number of energy drink intoxications have been reported all over the world including cases of seizures and arrhythmias. In this paper, we focus on the effect of energy drinks on the cardiovascular system and whether the current ongoing call for the products' sales and regulation of their contents should continue...
November 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225724/effects-of-white-wine-consumption-on-weight-in-rats-do-polyphenols-matter
#2
Ana Marija Milat, Ivana Mudnić, Ivica Grković, Nikola Ključević, Mia Grga, Iva Jerčić, Diana Jurić, Danica Ivanković, Benjamin Benzon, Mladen Boban
Introduction: Effects of white wine and the role of wine polyphenols on weight gain in rats of different age were examined in the 4-week-voluntary-consumption trial. Methods and Materials: Biochemically characterized standard (low polyphenols, W) and macerated (high polyphenolic content, PW) white wines were compared. One- and three-month-old Sprague-Dawley male rats (n = 78) were used. Each age group was subdivided into water-only-drinking controls (C), W, and PW-drinking animals...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224920/-cognitive-doping-in-students-a-chim-er-ical-way-to-get-full-head
#3
Louise Carton, Nicolas Cabé, Olivier Ménard, Sylvie Deheul, Anne-Sylvie Caous, David Devos, Olivier Cottencin, Régis Bordet
For students, the requirements for memorization, increased performance and peer competition may encourage cognitive doping behaviors. We aimed to describe recent practices and the benefit/risk ratio of such behavior to discuss the different issues. The prevalence of cognitive doping among students was 1.3% to 33% according to the studies, depending on the country concerned and the definition of cognitive doping used. The therapeutic classes most frequently cited as being diverted were psychostimulants and nootropics (methylphenidate, modafinil, piracetam), corticosteroids, sedative drugs and beta-blockers...
November 22, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222888/common-food-antimicrobials-effects-on-cellular-inflammation-and-oxidative-damage-and-their-estimated-occurrence-in-singapore
#4
Claudine Loong, Shin Yih Tsen, Xing Lin Ho, Muhammed Faiz B Raman, Wai Mun Loke
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence and potential health effects of common food antimicrobials in processed foods and beverages are relatively unknown in Singapore. The occurrence of chemical antimicrobials in processed foods and beverages and their effects on inflammation and oxidative stress in vitro were examined. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The occurrence of antimicrobials in 1605 processed food and 359 beverage items were examined by surveying the ingredients on the product labels...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222880/consumption-and-sources-of-added-sugar-in-indonesia-a-review
#5
Atmarita, Nelis Imanningsih, Abas B Jahari, Ir Dewi Permaesih, Pauline Chan, Maria Sofia Amarra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present report summarized the best available evidence regarding consumption level and sources of free or added sugars in Indonesia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Information was extracted from food balance sheets, household expenditure surveys, nutrition surveys, published studies, unpublished theses/ dissertations, and government reports. RESULTS: A total of 18 references were obtained, showing varying results. Indonesia's national surveys suggested intakes of sugar below 50 grams per day or below 10% of energy intake...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210609/dietary-intakes-of-six-intense-sweeteners-by-irish-adults
#6
Maria Buffini, Séverine Goscinny, Ir Joris Van Loco, Anne P Nugent, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Michael J Gibney, Breige A McNulty
This research investigated the intakes of six intense sweeteners; acesulfame-K (E950), aspartame (E951), cyclamate (E952), saccharin (E954), sucralose (E955) and steviol glycosides (E960) in the diets of Irish adults, using data from the National Adult Nutrition Survey (NANS). A food label survey which included products currently available on the Irish market supplemented the analysis. Sweetener intakes were investigated using three different exposure scenarios; beginning with a crude assessment which assumed that all foods permitted to contain the additives of interest always did contain them, and at their maximum permitted level (Tier 1)...
December 6, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208064/sleep-indices-and-eating-behaviours-in-young-adults-findings-from-project-eat
#7
Rachel P Ogilvie, Pamela L Lutsey, Rachel Widome, Melissa N Laska, Nicole Larson, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: To test the associations between sleep indices and eating behaviours in young adults, a group vulnerable to suboptimal sleep. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of survey measures of sleep (i.e. time in bed, variability, timing and quality) and dietary patterns (i.e. breakfast skipping, eating at fast-food restaurants, consumption of sports and energy drinks, and sugar-free, sugar-sweetened and caffeinated beverages). SETTING: Minneapolis/St...
December 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207513/methylxanthine-content-in-commonly-consumed-foods-in-spain-and-determination-of-its-intake-during-consumption
#8
Juan M Sanchez
Methylxanthines present psychostimulant effects. These compounds have low toxicity and their consumption at moderate levels presents some beneficial health effects, whereas some significant risk appears at high levels. Samples of common types of methylxanthine-containing beverages and foods consumed in Spain were analyzed to determine their content. Caffeine was the methylxanthine that was most found in the samples investigated. Instant coffees gave the highest caffeine percentage (18-44 mg·g-1). Green and scented teas were found to have a caffeine dry-weight content (8-26 mg·g-1) equivalent to ground coffees (13-23 mg·g-1), but black and pu-erh teas (18-30 mg·g-1) had a higher caffeine content...
December 4, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207469/eating-at-food-outlets-and-on-the-go-is-associated-with-less-healthy-food-choices-in-adults-cross-sectional-data-from-the-uk-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey-rolling-programme-2008-2014
#9
Nida Ziauddeen, Eva Almiron-Roig, Tarra L Penney, Sonja Nicholson, Sara F L Kirk, Polly Page
Eating location has been linked with variations in diet quality including the consumption of low-nutrient energy-dense food, which is a recognised risk factor for obesity. Cross-sectional data from 4736 adults aged 19 years and over from Years 1-6 of the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) Rolling Programme (RP) (2008-2014) were used to explore food consumption patterns by eating location. Eating location was categorized as home, work, leisure places, food outlets and "on the go". Foods were classified into two groups: core (included in the principal food groups and considered important/acceptable within a healthy diet) and non-core (all other foods)...
December 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205561/tracing-the-source-of-methomyl-using-stable-isotope-analysis
#10
Byeong-Yeol Song, Seongshin Gwak, Minji Jung, Geummun Nam, Nam-Yee Kim
RATIONALE: Pesticide self-poisoning is a major suicide method in many agricultural communities worldwide. In addition, there are a number of known crime cases related to people being harmed by insecticides. Methomyl, a prohibited insecticide in the Republic of Korea, has high toxicity and is frequently used for self-poisoning. In this study, we investigated the source of origin of methamyl in a fatal poisoning case using stable isotope ratio analysis. METHODS: Two bottles of Soju from a crime scene were seized and nine different brands of methomyl products were collected from the neighborhood for analysis...
December 5, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203875/the-individual-environment-not-the-family-is-the-most-important-influence-on-preferences-for-common-non-alcoholic-beverages-in-adolescence
#11
Andrea D Smith, Alison Fildes, Suzanna Forwood, Lucy Cooke, Clare Llewellyn
Beverage preferences are an important driver of consumption, and strong liking for beverages high in energy (e.g. sugar-sweetened beverages [SSBs]) and dislike for beverages low in energy (e.g. non-nutritive sweetened beverages [NNSBs]) are potentially modifiable risk factors contributing to variation in intake. Twin studies have established that both genes and environment play important roles in shaping food preferences; but the aetiology of variation in non-alcoholic beverage preferences is unknown. 2865 adolescent twins (18-19-years old) from the Twins Early Development Study were used to quantify genetic and environmental influence on variation in liking for seven non-alcoholic beverages: SSBs; NNSBs; fruit cordials, orange juice, milk, coffee, and tea...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198192/clustering-of-energy-balance-related-behaviours-and-parental-education-in-european-preschool-children-the-toybox-study
#12
María L Miguel-Berges, Konstantina Zachari, Alba M Santaliestra-Pasias, Theodora Mouratidou, Odysseas Androutsos, Violeta Iotova, Sonya Galcheva, Marieke De Craemer, Greet Cardon, Berthold Koletzko, Zbigniew Kulaga, Yannis Manios, Luis A Moreno
Energy balance-related behaviours (EBRB) are established in childhood and seem to persist through to adulthood. A lower parental educational level was associated with unhealthy behavioural patterns. The aim of the study is to identify clusters of EBRB and examine their association with preschool children's BMI and maternal, paternal and parental education. A subsample of the ToyBox study (n 5387) conducted in six European countries was used. Six behavioural clusters ('healthy diet and low activity', 'active', 'healthy lifestyle', 'high water and screen time; low fruits and vegetables (F&V) and physical activity (PA)', 'unhealthy lifestyle' and 'high F&V consumers') emerged...
December 4, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197535/driving-under-the-influence-behaviours-among-high-school-students-who-mix-alcohol-with-energy-drinks
#13
Maria N Wilson, Tammy Cumming, Robin Burkhalter, Donald B Langille, Rachel Ogilvie, Mark Asbridge
Alcohol and energy drinks are commonly used substances by youth in Canada, and are often mixed (AmED). While several studies have shown that AmED can have dangerous effects, less well understood is how AmED is associated with driving under the influence of either alcohol or drugs. This study sought to determine whether youth who use AmED were more likely to engage in driving, or being a passenger of a driver, under the influence of alcohol or cannabis compared to youth who use either alcohol or energy drinks alone...
November 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197534/energy-drinks-and-escalation-in-drug-use-severity-an-emergent-hazard-to-adolescent-health
#14
Wanda Leal, Dylan Jackson
The aim of the current study is to determine whether energy drink consumption contributes to drug use and, more specifically, an escalation in the severity of drug use. We first examine the association between energy drink use and hard drug use, and subsequently investigate whether soft drug use mediates this relationship. Potential moderating influences are also investigated by testing whether the degree of mediation varies by age, gender, and race. The current study uses a nationally representative sample of 8th (ages 13-14), 10th (ages 15-16), and 12th (ages 17-18) grade adolescents from the 2015 Monitoring the Future survey...
November 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194425/contribution-of-discretionary-foods-and-drinks-to-australian-children-s-intake-of-energy-saturated-fat-added-sugars-and-salt
#15
Brittany J Johnson, Lucinda K Bell, Dorota Zarnowiecki, Anna M Rangan, Rebecca K Golley
Interventions are required to reduce children's consumption of discretionary foods and drinks. To intervene we need to identify appropriate discretionary choice targets. This study aimed to determine the main discretionary choice contributors to energy and key nutrient intakes in children aged 2-18 years. Secondary analyses were performed with population weighted, single 24 h dietary recall data from the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Cakes, muffins, and slices; sweet biscuits; potato crisps and similar snacks; and, processed meats and sugar-sweetened drinks were relatively commonly consumed and were within the top three to five contributors to per capita energy, saturated fat, sodium, and/or added sugars...
December 1, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190753/children-and-young-people-s-perceptions-of-energy-drinks-a-qualitative-study
#16
Shelina Visram, Stephen J Crossley, Mandy Cheetham, Amelia Lake
BACKGROUND: Consumption of soft drinks is declining in many countries, yet energy drink sales continue to increase, particularly amongst young consumers. Little is currently known about the drivers behind these trends. Energy drinks are high in sugar and caffeine, and evidence indicates that regular or heavy use by under 18s is likely to be detrimental to health. This study aimed to explore children and young people's attitudes and perceptions in relation to energy drinks in a UK context...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188875/intake-of-a-protein-enriched-milk-and-effects-on-muscle-mass-and-strength-a-12-week-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#17
I Ottestad, A T Løvstad, G O Gjevestad, H Hamarsland, J Šaltytė Benth, L F Andersen, A Bye, A S Biong, K Retterstøl, P O Iversen, T Raastad, S M Ulven, K B Holven
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of 20 g protein with breakfast and evening meal on muscle mass, muscle strength and functional performance in older adults. DESIGN: A double-blinded randomized controlled study. SETTING: Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Norway. PARTICIPANTS: Healthy community-dwelling men and women (≥ 70 years) with reduced physical strength and/or performance. INTERVENTION: Subjects were randomly assigned to receive either protein-enriched milk (2 x 0...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186927/estimating-free-and-added-sugar-intakes-in-new-zealand
#18
Rachael Kibblewhite, Alice Nettleton, Rachael McLean, Jillian Haszard, Elizabeth Fleming, Devonia Kruimer, Lisa Te Morenga
The reduction of free or added sugar intake (sugars added to food and drinks as a sweetener) is almost universally recommended to reduce the risk of obesity-related diseases and dental caries. The World Health Organisation recommends intakes of free sugars of less than 10% of energy intake. However, estimating and monitoring intakes at the population level is challenging because free sugars cannot be analytically distinguished from naturally occurring sugars and most national food composition databases do not include data on free or added sugars...
November 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186387/resveratrol-intake-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-modulates-the-early-metabolic-effects-of-maternal-nutrition-differently-in-male-and-female-offspring
#19
Purificación Ros, Francisca Díaz, Alejandra Freire-Regatillo, Pilar Argente-Arizón, Vicente Barrios, Jesús Argente, Julie A Chowen
Poor maternal nutrition can have detrimental long-term consequences on energy homeostasis in the offspring. Resveratrol exerts anti-oxidant and anti-obesity actions, but its impact during development remains largely unknown. We hypothesized that resveratrol intake during pregnancy and lactation could improve the effects of poor maternal nutrition on offspring metabolism. Wistar rats received a low-fat diet (LFD: 10.2% Kcal from fat) or high fat diet (HFD: 61.6% Kcal from fat), with half of each group receiving resveratrol (+R) in their drinking water (50 mg/L) during pregnancy and lactation...
November 24, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179069/renewable-energy-powered-membrane-technology-impact-of-ph-and-ionic-strength-on-fluoride-and-natural-organic-matter-removal
#20
Isaac Owusu-Agyeman, Junjie Shen, Andrea Iris Schäfer
Real water pH and ionic strength vary greatly, which influences the performance of membrane processes such as nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO). Systematic variation of pH (3-12) and ionic strength (2-10g/L as total dissolved solids (TDS)) was undertaken with a real Tanzanian water to investigate how water quality affects retention mechanisms of fluoride (F) and natural organic matter (NOM). An autonomous solar powered NF/RO system driven by a solar array simulator was supplied with constant power from a generator...
November 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
keyword
keyword
93857
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"