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screening motor development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941002/an-assessment-of-movement-disorder-society-task-force-diagnostic-criteria-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Pınar Uysal-Cantürk, Haşmet A Hanağasi, Başar Bilgiç, Hakan Gürvit, Murat Emre
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is one of the most disabling non-motor symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD). Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) constitutes a major risk for the development of Parkinson's disease Dementia in the course of the disease. A Movement Disorder Society (MDS) Task Force proposed diagnostic criteria for mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease (PD-MCI), comprising two operational levels: Level I and Level II. METHOD: The objective of our study was to test the accuracy of Level I versus Level II diagnostic criteria...
September 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929917/mercurius-solubilis-attenuates-scopolamine-induced-memory-deficits-and-enhances-the-motor-coordination-in-mice
#2
Simranjeet Kaur, Anudeep Kaur, Gurjit Singh, Rajbir Bhatti
The present study was designed to investigate the effect of mercurius solubilis (Merc sol) on scopolamine induced memory deficits and motor coordination in mice. The Three different formulations of merc sol (30X, 200 M, 1 M) were screened for their in vitro antioxidant potential and DPPH (2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and nitric oxide scavenging activity using response surface methodology. The Merc sol 30X formulation was found to be most potent and further subjected for in vivo experiment. The Memory impairment was induced by the administration of scopolamine (1 mg/kg i...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929129/an-automated-home-cage-system-to-assess-learning-and-performance-of-a-skilled-motor-task-in-a-mouse-model-of-huntington-s-disease
#3
Cameron L Woodard, Federico Bolaños, James D Boyd, Gergely Silasi, Timothy H Murphy, Lynn A Raymond
Behavioral testing is a critical step in assessing the validity of rodent models of neurodegenerative disease, as well as evaluating the efficacy of pharmacological interventions. In models of Huntington's disease (HD), a gradual progression of impairments is observed across ages, increasing the need for sensitive, high-throughput and longitudinal assessments. Recently, a number of automated systems have been developed to perform behavioral profiling of animals within their own home-cage, allowing for 24-h monitoring and minimizing experimenter interaction...
September 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917084/evaluation-of-neurodevelopment-of-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism-by-the-denver-developmental-screening-test
#4
Ayşe Derya Buluş, Esra Tiftik
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones are essential for growth and brain development in childhood. Although congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common reason for mental retardation, normal neurological development can be achieved through early and effective treatment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neurological development of CH patients aged 24-56 months. METHODS: The study included a total of 116 healthy control subjects and 112 patients aged 24-56 months who were diagnosed with CH during the neonatal period and were being followed up at the Pediatric Endocrinology Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, between 2012 and 2015...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915470/emotional-and-behavioural-problems-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-exploring-parent-and-teacher-reports
#5
Laura Crane, Emma Sumner, Elisabeth L Hill
BACKGROUND: Although characterised by motor impairments, children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) also show high rates of psychopathology (anxiety, depression, low self-esteem). Such findings have led to calls for the screening of mental health problems in this group. AIMS: To investigate patterns and profiles of emotional and behavioural problems in children with and without DCD, using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Teachers and parents completed SDQs for 30 children with DCD (7-10 years)...
September 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913702/impaired-fertility-and-motor-function-in-a-zebrafish-model-for-classic-galactosemia
#6
Jo M Vanoevelen, M Estela Rubio-Gozalbo, Britt van Erven, Jörgen Bierau, Xiaoping Huang, Gerard T Berry, Rein Vos, Ana I Coelho
Classic galactosemia is a genetic disorder of galactose metabolism, caused by severe deficiency of galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase (GALT) enzyme activity due to mutations of the GALT gene. Its pathogenesis is still not fully elucidated, and a therapy that prevents chronic impairments is lacking. In order to move research forward, there is a high need for a novel animal model, which allows organ studies throughout development and high-throughput screening of pharmacologic compounds. Here, we describe the generation of a galt knockout zebrafish model and present its phenotypical characterization...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901887/microcytosis-is-associated-with-low-cognitive-outcomes-in-healthy-2-year-olds-in-a-high-resource-setting
#7
Elaine K McCarthy, Mairead E Kiely, Geraldine Hannon, Caroline Ahearne, Louise C Kenny, Jonathan O'B Hourihane, Alan D Irvine, Deirdre M Murray
Fe deficiency in early childhood is associated with long-term consequences for cognitive, motor and behavioural development; however explorations in healthy children from low risk, high-resource settings have been limited. We aimed to explore associations between Fe status and neurodevelopmental outcomes in low risk, healthy 2-year-olds. This study was a secondary analysis of a nested case-control subgroup from the prospective, maternal-infant Cork Babies after Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints: Evaluating the Longitudinal Impact using Neurological and Nutritional Endpoints (BASELINE) Birth Cohort Study...
September 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900613/screening-for-developmental-disorders-in-3-and-4-year-old-italian-children-a-preliminary-study
#8
Elena Catino, Michela Di Trani, Federica Giovannone, Filippo Manti, Letizia Nunziata, Francesca Piccari, Virginia Sirchia, Lucia Vannucci, Carla Sogos
BACKGROUND: The "Osserviamo" project, coordinated by the Municipality of Rome and the Department of Pediatrics and Child Neuropsychiatry of Sapienza University, aimed to validate an Italian version of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire-3 and to collect, for the first time in Italy, data on developmental disorders in a sample of 4,000 children aged 3 and 4 years. The present paper presents the preliminary results of the "Osserviamo" project. METHODS: 600 parents of children between 39 and 50 months of age (divided in two age stages: 42 and 48 months) were contacted from 15 kindergarden schools...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899469/-association-between-family-environment-and-developmental-coordination-disorder-in-preschool-children
#9
Li-Fei Liu, Lan Lu, Hong-Ni Yue, Bei Huan, Gui-Xiong Gu, Hua Jin, Yu-Mei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of family environment on developmental coordination disorder (DCD) in preschool children. METHODS: Stratified random cluster sampling was used to select 1 727 children (4-6 years old). The Movement Assessment Battery for Children was used to screen out the children with DCD. The Family Environment Scale on Motor Development for Preschool Urban Children and a self-designed questionnaire were used to assess family environment...
September 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899330/rem-sleep-behaviour-disorder-not-just-a-bad-dream
#10
REVIEW
Elie Matar, Simon Jg Lewis
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia characterised by the loss of the normal atonia during the REM stage of sleep, resulting in overt motor behaviours that usually represent the enactment of dreams. Patients will seek medical attention due to sleep-related injuries or unpleasant dream content. Idiopathic RBD which occurs independently of any other disease occurs in up to 2% of the older population. Meanwhile, secondary RBD is very common in association with certain neurodegenerative conditions...
September 18, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891027/short-term-oral-zinc-supplementation-among-babies-with-neonatal-sepsis-for-reducing-mortality-and-improving-outcome-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Newton Banupriya, Ballambattu Vishnu Bhat, Bosco Dhas Benet, Christina Catherine, Magadi Gopalakrishna Sridhar, Subhash Chandra Parija
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of short term zinc supplementation on the mortality rate and neurodevelopment outcome in neonates with sepsis at 12 mo corrected age. METHODS: The clinical trial was undertaken in the neonatal intensive care unit of JIPMER during the time period from September 2013 through December 2016. Neonates with clinical manifestations of sepsis who exhibited two positive screening tests (microESR, C- reactive protein, band cell count) were included and randomized into no zinc and zinc group...
September 11, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879490/homogeneous-subgroups-of-young-children-with-autism-improve-phenotypic-characterization-in-the-study-to-explore-early-development
#12
Lisa D Wiggins, Lin H Tian, Susan E Levy, Catherine Rice, Li-Ching Lee, Laura Schieve, Juhi Pandey, Julie Daniels, Lisa Blaskey, Susan Hepburn, Rebecca Landa, Rebecca Edmondson-Pretzel, William Thompson
The objective of this study was to identify homogenous classes of young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to improve phenotypic characterization. Children were enrolled in the Study to Explore Early Development between 2 and 5 years of age. 707 children were classified with ASD after a comprehensive evaluation with strict diagnostic algorithms. Four classes of children with ASD were identified from latent class analysis: mild language delay with cognitive rigidity, mild language and motor delay with dysregulation, general developmental delay, and significant developmental delay with repetitive motor behaviors...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872105/using-a-split-belt-treadmill-to-evaluate-generalization-of-human-locomotor-adaptation
#13
Erin V L Vasudevan, Rami J Hamzey, Eileen M Kirk
Understanding the mechanisms underlying locomotor learning helps researchers and clinicians optimize gait retraining as part of motor rehabilitation. However, studying human locomotor learning can be challenging. During infancy and childhood, the neuromuscular system is quite immature, and it is unlikely that locomotor learning during early stages of development is governed by the same mechanisms as in adulthood. By the time humans reach maturity, they are so proficient at walking that it is difficult to come up with a sufficiently novel task to study de novo locomotor learning...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857786/dual-task-walking-performance-in-older-persons-with-hearing-impairment-implications-for-interventions-from-a-preliminary-observational-study
#14
Bettina Wollesen, Katharine Scrivener, Kirsty Soles, Yaw Billy, Angela Leung, Felicity Martin, Nicholas Iconomou, Catherine McMahon, Catherine Dean
OBJECTIVES: Adults with "hearing loss" have an increased falls risks. There may be an association between hearing impairment and walking performance under dual-task (DT) and triple-task (TT) conditions. The aim of this study was to identify DT and TT effects on walking speed, step length, and cadence in adults with hearing impairment, previous falls, and physical limitations. DESIGN: The observational study included 73 community-dwelling older people seeking audiology services...
August 26, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843217/systematic-review-of-hospital-based-cancer-registries-hbcrs-necessary-tool-to-improve-quality-of-care-in-cancer-patients
#15
Zeinab Mohammadzadeh, Marjan Ghazisaeedi, Azin Nahvijou, Sharareh Rostam Niakan Kalhori, Somayeh Davoodi, Kazem Zendehdel
Introduction: Incidence and mortality rate of cancer is increasing in all countries including low and middle-income countries. Hospital based cancer registry (HBCR) is an important tool for administration purpose and improvement of the quality of care. It is also important resource for population based cancer registries. In this study we reviewed HBCRs in different countries. Methods: We searched the published literature using the MEDLINE (PubMed), Google scholar, Scopus, ProQuest and Google. We also reviewed websites of the HBCRs in different countries...
August 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829740/deconstruction-of-the-beaten-path-sidestep-interaction-network-provides-insights-into-neuromuscular-system-development
#16
Hanqing Li, Ash Watson, Agnieszka Olechwier, Michael Anaya, Siamak K Sorooshyari, Dermott P Harnett, Hyung-Kook Peter Lee, Jost Vielmetter, Mario A Fares, K Christopher Garcia, Engin Özkan, Juan-Pablo Labrador, Kai Zinn
An 'interactome' screen of all Drosophila cell-surface and secreted proteins containing immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF) domains discovered a network formed by paralogs of Beaten Path (Beat) and Sidestep (Side), a ligand-receptor pair that is central to motor axon guidance. Here we describe a new method for interactome screening, the Bio-Plex Interactome Assay (BPIA), which allows identification of many interactions in a single sample. Using the BPIA, we 'deorphanized' four more members of the Beat-Side network...
August 15, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828608/eaat2-and-the-molecular-signature-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#17
Lauren Taylor Rosenblum, Davide Trotti
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapid and fatal neurodegenerative disease, primarily affecting upper and lower motor neurons. It is an extremely heterogeneous disease in both cause and symptom development, and its mechanisms of pathogenesis remain largely unknown. Excitotoxicity, a process caused by excessive glutamate signaling, is believed to play a substantial role, however. Excessive glutamate release, changes in postsynaptic glutamate receptors, and reduction of functional astrocytic glutamate transporters contribute to excitotoxicity in ALS...
2017: Advances in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827206/relationship-between-gonadal-function-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-young-men-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Shannon D Sullivan, Mark S Nash, Eshetu Tefara, Emily Tinsley, Suzanne Groah
BACKGROUND: We reported previously that young men with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) have a greater prevalence of testosterone deficiency compared with an age-matched, healthy control population. Young men with SCI also are at increased risk for developing cardiometabolic dysfunction after injury. It is unclear whether testosterone deficiency is associated with heightened cardiometabolic risk in men with SCI. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations among levels of testosterone in young men with chronic SCI and surrogate markers of cardiometabolic risk...
August 18, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817967/pimavanserin-a-novel-antipsychotic-for-management-of-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis
#19
Yasaman Kianirad, Tanya Simuni
Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP) may develop in up to 60% of Parkinson's patients and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. It also correlates with depression and dementia, and can contribute to caregiver stress and burnout. Pimavanserin is the first FDA approved drug for the treatment of hallucinations and delusions associated with PDP. Areas covered: For this review, a MEDLINE literature search (via PubMed) and information provided by ACADIA Pharmaceuticals were used. References of our search results were screened for additional studies...
August 18, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813944/robotic-set-up-to-quantify-hand-eye-behavior-in-motor-execution-and-learning-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Claudia Casellato, Marta Gandolla, Alessandro Crippa, Alessandra Pedrocchi
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a multifaceted neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a persistence of social and communication impairment, and restricted and repetitive behaviors. However, motor disorders have also been described, but not objectively assessed. Most studies showed inefficient eye-hand coordination and motor learning in children with ASD; in other experiments, mechanisms of acquisition of internal models in self-generated movements appeared to be normal in autism. In this framework, we have developed a robotic protocol, recording gaze and hand data during upper limb tasks, in which a haptic pen-like handle is moved along specific trajectories displayed on the screen...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
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