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Kawasi M Lett, Veronica J Garcia, Simone Temporal, Dirk Bucher, David J Schulz
We studied the changes in sensitivity to a peptide modulator, crustacean cardioactive peptide (CCAP), as a response to loss of endogenous modulation in the stomatogastric ganglion (STG) of the crab Cancer borealis Our data demonstrate that removal of endogenous modulation for 24 h increases the response of the lateral pyloric (LP) neuron of the STG to exogenously applied CCAP. Increased responsiveness is accompanied by increases in CCAP receptor (CCAPr) mRNA levels in LP neurons, requires de novo protein synthesis, and can be prevented by coincubation for the 24-h period with exogenous CCAP...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
Adam J Northcutt, Kawasi M Lett, Virginia B Garcia, Clare M Diester, Brian J Lane, Eve Marder, David J Schulz
BACKGROUND: Crustaceans have been studied extensively as model systems for nervous system function from single neuron properties to behavior. However, lack of molecular sequence information and tools have slowed the adoption of these physiological systems as molecular model systems. In this study, we sequenced and performed de novo assembly for the nervous system transcriptomes of two decapod crustaceans: the Jonah crab (Cancer borealis) and the American lobster (Homarus americanus). RESULTS: Forty-two thousand, seven hundred sixty-six and sixty thousand, two hundred seventy-three contigs were assembled from C...
November 4, 2016: BMC Genomics
Sonal Shruti, David J Schulz, Kawasi M Lett, Eve Marder
Gap junctions are intercellular channels that allow for the movement of small molecules and ions between the cytoplasm of adjacent cells and form electrical synapses between neurons. In invertebrates, the gap junction proteins are coded for by the innexin family of genes. The stomatogastric ganglion (STG) in the crab Cancer borealis contains a small number of identified and electrically coupled neurons. We identified Innexin 1 (Inx1), Innexin 2 (Inx2), Innexin 3 (Inx3), Innexin 4 (Inx4), Innexin 5 (Inx5), and Innexin 6 (Inx6) members of the C...
December 1, 2014: Journal of Neurophysiology
Simone Temporal, Kawasi M Lett, David J Schulz
Neurons generate cell-specific outputs via interactions of conductances carried by ion channel proteins that are homeostatically regulated to maintain key quantitative relationships among subsets of conductances. Given the challenges of both normal channel protein turnover and short-term plasticity, how is the balance of membrane conductances maintained over long-term timescales to ensure stable electrophysiological phenotype? One possible mechanism is to dynamically regulate production of channel protein via feedback that constrains relationships at the channel mRNA level...
August 18, 2014: Current Biology: CB
Darren S Dumlao, Anna M Cunningham, Laura E Wax, Paul C Norris, Jennifer Hughes Hanks, Rachel Halpin, Kawasi M Lett, Victoria A Blaho, William J Mitchell, Kevin L Fritsche, Edward A Dennis, Charles R Brown
Dietary ingestion of (n-3) PUFA alters the production of eicosanoids and can suppress chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The extent of changes in eicosanoid production during an infection of mice fed a diet high in (n-3) PUFA, however, has not, to our knowledge, been reported. We fed mice a diet containing either 18% by weight soybean oil (SO) or a mixture with fish oil (FO), FO:SO (4:1 ratio), for 2 wk and then infected them with Borrelia burgdorferi. We used an MS-based lipidomics approach and quantified changes in eicosanoid production during Lyme arthritis development over 21 d...
August 2012: Journal of Nutrition
Jebun Nahar, Kawasi M Lett, David J Schulz
Motor networks such as the pyloric network of the stomatogastric ganglion often require descending neuromodulatory inputs to initiate, regulate, and modulate their activity and their synaptic connectivity to manifest physiologically appropriate output. Prolonged removal of these descending inputs often results in a compensatory response that alters the inputs themselves, their targets, or both. Using the pyloric network of the crab, Cancer borealis, we investigated whether isolation of motor networks would result in alterations that change the responses of these networks to restored modulatory input...
August 1, 2012: Journal of Neurophysiology
T Kawasi, A Iwashima, Y Nose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1969: Journal of Biochemistry
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