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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142759/forced-migrants-involved-in-setting-the-agenda-and-designing-research-to-reduce-impacts-of-complex-emergencies-combining-swarm-with-patient-and-public-involvement
#1
Julii Suzanne Brainard, Enana Al Assaf, Judith Omasete, Steve Leach, Charlotte C Hammer, Paul R Hunter
Plain English summary: The UK's National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Protection Research Unit in Emergency Preparedness and Response was asked to undertake research on how to reduce the impact of complex national/international emergencies on public health. How to focus the research and decide on priority topics was challenging, given the nature of complex events. Using a type of structured brain-storming, the researchers identified the ongoing UK, European and international migration crisis as both complex and worthy of deeper research...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138127/exploring-working-relationships-in-mental-health-care-via-an-e-recovery-portal-qualitative-study-on-the-experiences-of-service-users-and-health-providers
#2
Monica Strand, Deede Gammon, Lillian Sofie Eng, Cornelia Ruland
BACKGROUND: The quality of working relationships between service users and health providers is fundamental in the processes of recovery in mental health. How Internet-based interventions will influence these relationships for persons with long-term care needs, and the measures that can be taken to maintain and enhance working relationships through Internet, is still not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain insights into how service users and health providers experience their working relationships when they are offered the option of supplementing ongoing collaboration with an e-recovery portal...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124683/the-21st-century-cures-act-implications-for-the-reduction-of-racial-health-disparities-in-the-us-criminal-justice-system-a-public-health-approach
#3
Donna M Cole, Dawna Marie Thomas, Kelsi Field, Amelia Wool, Taryn Lipiner, Natalie Massenberg, Barbara J Guthrie
Past drug epidemics have disproportionately criminalized drug addiction among African Americans, leading to disparate health outcomes, increased rates of HIV/AIDS, and mass incarceration. Conversely, the current opioid addiction crisis in the USA focuses primarily on white communities and is being addressed as a public health problem. The 21st Century Cures Act has the potential to reduce racial health disparities in the criminal justice system through the Act's public health approach to addiction and mental health issues...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122807/contribution-of-the-voluntary-sector-to-mental-health-crisis-care-in-england-protocol-for-a-multimethod-study
#4
Karen Newbigging, John Mohan, James Rees, Jenny Harlock, Alex Davis
INTRODUCTION: Timely access to the right kind of support for people experiencing a mental health crisis can be problematic. The voluntary sector (VS) plays a key role in providing support and enabling access, but there is a knowledge gap concerning its contribution and interface with public services in mental health crisis care. This study aims to address this. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study has three empirical elements: (1) a national survey of voluntary sector organisations (VSOs) in England and national stakeholder interviews to develop a typology of organisations and interventions provided by VSOs; (2) detailed mapping of VS services in two regions through interviews and extending the national survey; (3) four case studies, identified from the regional mapping, of VS mental health crisis services and their interface with National Health Service (NHS) and local authority services, at both a system and individual level...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122001/development-of-a-peer-supported-self-management-intervention-for-people-following-mental-health-crisis
#5
Alyssa Milton, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Kate Fullarton, Nicola Morant, Bethan Paterson, David Hindle, Kathleen Kelly, Oliver Mason, Marissa Lambert, Sonia Johnson
BACKGROUND: A documented gap in support exists for service users following discharge from acute mental health services, and structured interventions to reduce relapse are rarely provided. Peer-facilitated self-management interventions have potential to meet this need, but evidence for their effectiveness is limited. This paper describes the development of a peer-provided self-management intervention for mental health service users following discharge from crisis resolution teams (CRTs)...
November 9, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120199/are-we-in-crisis-national-mental-health-and-treatment-trends-in-college-counseling-centers
#6
Henry Xiao, Dever M Carney, Soo Jeong Youn, Rebecca A Janis, Louis G Castonguay, Jeffrey A Hayes, Benjamin D Locke
The current state of college student mental health is frequently labeled a "crisis," as the demand for services and severity of symptomatology have appeared to increase in recent decades. Nationally representative findings are presented from the Center for Collegiate Mental Health, a practice research network based in the United States, composed of more than 340 university and college counseling centers, in an effort to illuminate trends in symptom severity and patterns in treatment utilization for the campus treatment seeking population...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119085/pediatric-care-during-a-short-term-medical-mission-to-a-syrian-refugee-camp-in-northern-jordan
#7
Kenneth L Abbott, Catherine A Woods, Dahlia A Halim, Henna A Qureshi
Introduction: The Syrian refugee crisis, now in its 6(th) year, has displaced millions. Refugees depend on support from host nation governments and humanitarian organizations like the Syrian American Medical Society (SAMS). We describe the delivery of pediatric care during a SAMS short-term medical mission to a refugee camp in Northern Jordan. Methods: The medical mission team encompassed dozens of specialties. Teams visited many sites, including the Zaatari refugee camp near the Syrian border...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089008/specialized-police-based-mental-health-crisis-response-the-first-10-years-of-colorado-s-crisis-intervention-team-implementation
#8
Hari-Mandir K Khalsa, Attila C Denes, Diane M Pasini-Hill, Jeffrey C Santelli, Ross J Baldessarini
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the implementation of crisis intervention teams by law enforcement agencies in Colorado. METHODS: Rates of Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) use, arrests, use of force, and injuries were assessed during 6,353 incidents involving individuals experiencing a mental health crisis. Relationships among original complaint, psychiatric illness, substance abuse, violence risk, and disposition of crisis calls were analyzed. RESULTS: Rates of SWAT use (<1%), injuries (<1%), arrests (<5%), and use of force (<5%) were low...
November 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079602/randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-peer-delivered-self-management-intervention-to-prevent-relapse-in-crisis-resolution-team-users-study-protocol
#9
Sonia Johnson, Oliver Mason, David Osborn, Alyssa Milton, Claire Henderson, Louise Marston, Gareth Ambler, Rachael Hunter, Stephen Pilling, Nicola Morant, Richard Gray, Tim Weaver, Fiona Nolan, Brynmor Lloyd-Evans
INTRODUCTION: Crisis resolution teams (CRTs) provide assessment and intensive home treatment in a crisis, aiming to offer an alternative for people who would otherwise require a psychiatric inpatient admission. They are available in most areas in England. Despite some evidence for their clinical and cost-effectiveness, recurrent concerns are expressed regarding discontinuity with other services and lack of focus on preventing future relapse and readmission to acute care. Currently evidence on how to prevent readmissions to acute care is limited...
October 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075320/psychiatrists-role-in-primary-health-care-in-greece-findings-from-a-quantitative-study
#10
Kyriakos Souliotis, Eirini Agapidaki, Chara Tzavara, Marina Economou
BACKGROUND: Although the need for integration of mental health services into primary care is well established little has been done. The outbreak of the recession found the Greek mental health system in transition. As a response to the crisis, governments implemented horizontal budget cuts instead of health reforms. This resulted in an unfavorable situation for mental health which was set once again on the sidelines of the health policy agenda. Previous studies suggest that the most prevalent disorders in the years of financial crisis in Greece are depression and anxiety while a general increase of the psychiatric morbidity is observed does not follow the population' needs...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072190/employment-insecurity-mental-health-and-suicide
#11
K N Fountoulakis
With the economic crisis an increase in suicidality has been reported across Europe but especially in Greece. Τhese reports hit the mass media headlines and were also included in the debate among political parties. The literature suggests that during periods of deep economic crisis, there is an increase specifically in suicides but causality remains unclear. The prevailing picture both in the scientific literature and in the mass media is that the economic crisis acts as a more or less generic risk factor on the entire population putting at risk literally anybody...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070012/factors-associated-with-the-burden-of-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-mental-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Ana Lúcia Rezende Souza, Rafael Alves Guimarães, Daisy de Araújo Vilela, Renata Machado de Assis, Lizete Malagoni de Almeida Cavalcante Oliveira, Mariana Rezende Souza, Douglas José Nogueira, Maria Alves Barbosa
BACKGROUND: Caregivers are responsible for the home care of family members with mental-health disorders often experience changes in their life that can generate stress and burden. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with the burden of caregivers of family members with mental disorders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with a non-probability sample of family caregivers, whose patients attended a community services program, the Psychosocial Care Centers, in three cities in the southwest region of Goiás State, Central Brazil...
October 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061655/public-mental-health-crisis-management-and-section-136-of-the-mental-health-act
#13
Aileen O'Brien, Faisil Sethi, Mark Smith, Annie Bartlett
The interface between mental health services and the criminal justice system presents challenges both for professionals and patients. Both systems are stressed and inherently complex. Section 136 of the Mental Health Act is unusual being both an aspect of the Mental Health Act and a power of arrest. It has a long and controversial history related to concerns about who has been detained and how the section was applied. More recently, Section 136 has had a public profile stemming from the use of police cells as places of safety for young, mentally disturbed individuals...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058959/impact-of-economic-crisis-on-the-social-representation-of-mental-health-analysis-of-a-decade-of-newspaper-coverage
#14
David Dias Neto, Maria João Figueiras, Sónia Campos, Patrícia Tavares
BACKGROUND: Mass media plays a fundamental role in how communities understand mental health and its treatment. However, the effect of major events such as economic crises on the depiction of mental health is still unclear. AIMS: This study aimed at analyzing representations of mental health and its treatment and the impact of the 2008 economic crisis. METHODS: In total, 1,000 articles were randomly selected from two newspapers from a period before and after the economic crisis...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052275/effectiveness-of-current-policing-related-mental-health-interventions-a-systematic-review
#15
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Farhad Shokraneh
BACKGROUND: There are three commonly used mental health interventions associated with policing: liaison and diversion, street triage and having specialist staff embedded in police contact control rooms. Crisis intervention teams (CITs), already used in the USA, are now attracting wider interest, including in the UK. Investment in these interventions is growing, so it is important to have evidence of their effectiveness. AIM: To conduct a systematic literature review to answer questions about effectiveness of police-mental health service models for responding to people with mental disorder and suspected offending or public safety problems...
October 19, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044920/co-responding-police-mental-health-programmes-service-user-experiences-and-outcomes-in-a-large-urban-centre
#16
Denise Lamanna, Gilla K Shapiro, Maritt Kirst, Flora I Matheson, Arash Nakhost, Vicky Stergiopoulos
As police officers are often the first responders to mental health crises, a number of approaches have emerged to support skilled police crisis responses. One such approach is the police-mental health co-responding team model, whereby mental health nurses and police officers jointly respond to mental health crises in the community. In the present mixed-method study, we evaluated outcomes of co-responding team interactions at a large Canadian urban centre by analysing administrative data for 2743 such interactions, and where comparison data were available, compared them to 16 226 police-only team responses...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043091/hope-help-for-people-with-money-employment-benefit-or-housing-problems-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
M C Barnes, A M Haase, A M Bard, J L Donovan, R Davies, S Dursley, J Potokar, N Kapur, K Hawton, R C O'Connor, W Hollingworth, C Metcalfe, D Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Self-harm and suicide increase in times of economic recession. Factors including job loss, austerity measures, financial difficulties and house repossession contribute to the risk. Vulnerable individuals commonly experience difficulties in navigating the benefits system and in accessing the available sources of welfare and debt advice, and this contributes to their distress. Our aim is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a brief psychosocial intervention (the "HOPE" service) for people presenting to hospital emergency departments (ED) following self-harm or in acute distress because of financial, employment, or welfare (benefit) difficulties...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042760/a-scoping-review-of-crisis-teams-managing-dementia-in-older-people
#18
Amy Streater, Donna Maria Coleston-Shields, Jennifer Yates, Miriam Stanyon, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: Research on crisis teams for older adults with dementia is limited. This scoping review aimed to 1) conduct a systematic literature review reporting on the effectiveness of crisis interventions for older people with dementia and 2) conduct a scoping survey with dementia crisis teams mapping services across England to understand operational procedures and identify what is currently occurring in practice. METHODS: For the systematic literature review, included studies were graded using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme checklist...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040042/mental-health-first-aid-a-useful-tool-for-school-nurses
#19
Joy Atkins
School nurses address mental health issues of youth on a daily basis. These mental health issues include substance abuse, anxiety, depression, and even suicidal ideation. Mental health first aid is a process that seeks to help medical professionals and laypeople recognize and address someone that is having a mental health or substance abuse crisis. This article will describe an experience with a student having suicidal ideations and how the mental health action plan was used.
November 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034258/migrants-and-refugees-in-europe-challenges-experiences-and-contributions
#20
REVIEW
Tobias Schilling, Stephan Rauscher, Christian Menzel, Simon Reichenauer, Martina Müller-Schilling, Stephan Schmid, Michael Selgrad
Due to the current geopolitical situation more refugees from crisis countries were and will be treated in Europe. In 2015 the number of displaced people reached an unprecedented level, with more than one million crossing into Europe. The migration itself can impair both mental and physical health. Therefore, the provision of medical care for refugees and migrants is a novel and major challenge for the health care systems in Europe. In this article we describe our experiences and contribution in providing medical care for refugees who have newly arrived in Stuttgart, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany...
August 2017: Visceral Medicine
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