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Mental health crisis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221282/characteristics-and-triage-of-children-presenting-in-mental-health-crisis-to-emergency-departments-at-detroit-regional-hospitals
#1
Kristen Williams, Amanda R Levine, David M Ledgerwood, Alireza Amirsadri, Leslie H Lundahl
OBJECTIVES: The number of children in the United States utilizing emergency department (ED) services for psychiatric crises is increasing, and psychiatric-related ED visits disproportionately burden hospital resources. Yet, there is limited available information on the epidemiology and outcomes of pediatric mental health emergencies. The present study sought to characterize pediatric mental health-related ED presentations in a large urban center and identify factors predictive of inpatient hospitalization...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218929/enhancing-resilience-in-active-duty-military-personnel
#2
Sonya Crabtree-Nelson, Lcdr Peter DeYoung
A systematic, evidence-based training program to support active duty military personnel through building unit-level resiliency in preparation for anticipated individual times of crisis is needed. Mental health nurses and social workers in the military possess critical training and expertise in identifying and supporting individual and community resilience factors. Their knowledge of the protective aspects of resilience can and should be used to educate all active duty military personnel, ensure military leaders are knowledgeable in how best to support their units, and provide research on the effectiveness of pre-combat resilience training...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212579/suicidal-ideation-among-chinese-cancer-inpatients-of-general-hospitals-prevalence-and-correlates
#3
Bao-Liang Zhong, Si-Heng Li, Shu-Yan Lv, Shun-Li Tian, Zhi-Dong Liu, Xu-Bin Li, Hong-Qing Zhuang, Ran Tao, Wei Zhang, Chuan-Jun Zhuo
Cancer patients are at high risk for suicide, particularly when they are informed about the cancer diagnosis or hospitalized for cancer treatment. Therefore, oncology healthcare settings such as large general hospitals in China, may represent an ideal setting to identify and treat suicidality in cancer patients. However, the clinical epidemiology of suicidality of Chinese cancer patients remains largely unknown. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among Chinese cancer inpatients of large general hospitals...
February 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165840/adapting-and-implementing-open-dialogue-in-the-scandinavian-countries-a-scoping-review
#4
Niels Buus, Aida Bikic, Elise Kragh Jacobsen, Klaus Müller-Nielsen, Jørgen Aagaard, Camilla Blach Rossen
Open Dialogue is a resource-oriented mental health approach, which mobilises a crisis-struck person's psychosocial network resources. This scoping review 1) identifies the range and nature of literature on the adoption of Open Dialogue in Scandinavia in places other than the original sites in Finland, and 2) summarises this literature. We included 33 publications. Most studies in this scoping review were published as "grey" literature and most grappled with how to implement Open Dialogue faithfully. In the Scandinavian research context, Open Dialogue was mainly described as a promising and favourable approach to mental health care...
February 6, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163028/a-nationwide-pharmacy-chain-responds-to-the-opioid-epidemic
#5
Emily Shafer, Nyahne Bergeron, Renae Smith-Ray, Chester Robson, Rachel O'Koren
OBJECTIVES: To describe the 3-pronged approach taken by a large national retail pharmacy chain to address the opioid epidemic and associated overdoses. SETTING: Large national retail pharmacy chain with more than 8200 stores in 50 states. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Eight million customer interactions daily through in-store and digital settings. This is a company with a long history of responding to public health crises. PRACTICE INNOVATION: Initiated 3 programs to respond to the opioid crisis: 1) provide safe medication disposal kiosks; 2) expand national access to naloxone; and 3) provide education on the risk and avoidance of opioid overdose...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162042/the-syrian-public-health-and-humanitarian-crisis-a-displacement-in-global-governance
#6
Sumaira Akbarzada, Tim K Mackey
Ongoing failure by the international community to resolve the Syrian conflict has led to destruction of critical infrastructure. This includes the collapse of the Syrian health system, leaving millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in urgent need of healthcare services. As the conflict intensifies, IDP populations are suffering from infectious and non-communicable disease risks, poor maternal and child health outcomes, trauma, and mental health issues, while healthcare workers continually exit the country...
February 4, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146384/respiratory-health-in-migrant-populations-a-crisis-overlooked
#7
Fernando Holguin, M Anas Moughrabieh, Victoria Ojeda, Sanjay R Patel, Paula Peyrani, Miguel Pinedo, Juan C Celedón, Ivor S Douglas, Dona J Upson, Jesse Roman
The crisis in the Middle East has raised awareness about the challenges encountered by migrant populations, in particular, health-care access and delivery. Similar challenges are encountered by migrant populations around the world, including those entering the United States as refugees and/or survivors of torture as well as Mexicans and other Latin Americans crossing the border. During the 2016 International American Thoracic Society Meeting held in San Francisco, California, a group of researchers and health-care providers discussed these challenges at a minisymposium devoted to the respiratory health of migrants...
February 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142392/the-tucson-mental-health-investigative-support-team-mhist-model-a-preventive-approach-to-crisis-and-public-safety
#8
Margaret E Balfour, Jason M Winsky, Jill M Isely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142085/effect-of-crisis-response-planning-vs-contracts-for-safety-on-suicide-risk-in-u-s-army-soldiers-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Craig J Bryan, Jim Mintz, Tracy A Clemans, Bruce Leeson, T Scott Burch, Sean R Williams, Emily Maney, M David Rudd
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of crisis response planning for the prevention of suicide attempts. METHOD: Randomized clinical trial of active duty Army Soldiers (N=97) at Fort Carson, Colorado, presenting for an emergency behavioral health appointment. Participants were randomly assigned to receive a contract for safety, a standard crisis response plan, or an enhanced crisis response plan. Incidence of suicide attempts during follow-up was assessed with the Suicide Attempt Self-Injury Interview...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135805/the-mental-health-acute-assessment-team-a-collaborative-approach-to-treating-mental-health-patients-in-the-community
#10
Steven C Faddy, Kevin J McLaughlin, Peta T Cox, Senthil S Muthuswamy
OBJECTIVE: Many models of community-based mental health crisis teams have been reported. We present our experience of an outreach team made up of a paramedic and mental health nurse. METHODS: A proof-of-concept was conducted in Western Sydney. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients where the team were able to facilitate the most appropriate care. RESULTS: Nearly 70% of patients were able to be treated outside the Emergency Department, with about two-thirds being transported directly to a mental health facility...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135388/substance-use-disorders-in-long-term-care-settings-a-crisis-of-care-for-older-adults
#11
Jeanne M Sorrell
Many older adults struggle with lifelong addictions or become addicted to prescription drugs that they take for coping with physical or psychological pain. There has been little attention, however, focused on this problem in nursing homes, where powerful pain medications are administered routinely. The nursing home setting provides complex challenges for staff and administrators attempting to provide safe and high-quality care for older adults with substance use disorders. Nurses working in long-term care settings, hospitals, and the community need to be sensitive to the possibility of older adults being addicted to alcohol or drugs and identify strategies for addressing this problem...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135387/the-opioid-epidemic-what-does-it-mean-for-nurses
#12
Laura G Leahy
The United States is facing a major crisis with the current opioid epidemic. Tens of thousands of individuals are dying each year due to abuse and misuse of heroin and prescription opiate drugs. Nurses play an integral role in these aspects of health care and offer solutions by providing education; preventive measures; treatments, including medication-assisted treatments (MATs); and ongoing recovery options for individuals with opioid use disorders. Nurses provide education, issue prescriptions and dispense medications, and provide overall physical and mental health care to patients struggling with this "disease of the brain," and with the signing of the Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act, advanced practice RNs will soon be able to include MATs related to buprenorphine as part of their treatment plan...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127931/public-attitudes-towards-psychiatry-and-psychiatric-treatment-at-the-beginning-of-the-21st-century-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-population-surveys
#13
Matthias C Angermeyer, Sandra van der Auwera, Mauro G Carta, Georg Schomerus
Public attitudes towards psychiatry are crucial determinants of help-seeking for mental illness. It has been argued that psychiatry as a discipline enjoys low esteem among the public, and a "crisis" of psychiatry has been noted. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of population studies examining public attitudes towards various aspects of psychiatric care. Our search in PubMed, Web of Science, PsychINFO and bibliographies yielded 162 papers based on population surveys conducted since 2000 and published no later than 2015...
February 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117889/the-journey-through-and-beyond-mental-health-services-in-the-united-kingdom-a-typology-of-parents-ways-of-managing-the-crisis-of-their-teenage-child-s-depression
#14
Emily Stapley, Mary Target, Nick Midgley
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a common mental illness experienced by young people. Yet we know little about how their parents manage their symptoms at home, and how parents may experience their treatment at child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). Thus, the aim of our study was to create a typology of parents' experiences over a 2-year period, beginning with their teenage child's referral to CAMHS in the United Kingdom. METHOD: A total of 85 semistructured interviews were conducted with one or both parents of 28 adolescents at 3 time points, and qualitatively analyzed using ideal type analysis...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114092/-utilization-of-technological-resources-within-the-framework-of-operation-of-a-mobile-mental-health-unit
#15
D Garoni, D Sarantidis, K Katsadoros
Telepsychiatry was introduced in the early 1950's for the provision of mental health services from a distance. In 1990 the progress made in telecommunications technologies caused a significant expansion in telepsychiatry services. It can refer to store and forward technologies, interactive technologies, remote monitoring technologies and it is applied to contribute to the lift of restrictions placed on providing mental health services. Restrictions may exist due to geographic isolation, lack of specialized services, high cost of moving patients etc...
October 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100114/borderline-personality-disorder-and-the-ethics-of-risk-management
#16
Dan Warrender
Patients with borderline personality disorder are frequent users of inpatient mental health units, with inpatient crisis intervention often used based on the risk of suicide. However, this can present an ethical dilemma for nursing and medical staff, with these clinician responses shifting between the moral principles of beneficence and non-maleficence, dependent on the outcomes of the actions of containing or tolerating risk. This article examines the use of crisis intervention through moral duties, intentions and consequences, culminating in an action/consequence model of risk management, used to explore potential outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087812/long-term-effects-of-youth-unemployment-on-mental-health-does-an-economic-crisis-make-a-difference
#17
Emelie Thern, Jeroen de Munter, Tomas Hemmingsson, Finn Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Ill health is a risk factor and a consequence of unemployment, which might vary depending on the national rate of unemployment. We investigated the long-term effect of youth unemployment on mental health and explored the possible interaction during periods of high (economic crisis) and low (non-crisis) unemployment rates. METHODS: A register-linked population-based cohort study was conducted including individuals aged 17-24 years. The crisis cohort (n=6410) took part in the Labour Force Survey during the economic crisis (1991-1994) in Sweden and the non-crisis cohort (n=8162) took part in the same survey before the crisis (1983-1986)...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075067/national-implementation-of-a-mental-health-service-model-a-survey-of-crisis-resolution-teams-in-england
#18
Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Bethan Paterson, Steve Onyett, Ellie Brown, Hannah Istead, Richard Gray, Claire Henderson, Sonia Johnson
In response to pressures on mental health inpatient beds and a perceived 'crisis in acute care', Crisis Resolution Teams (CRTs), acute home treatment services, were implemented nationally in England following the NHS Plan in the year 2000: an unprecedentedly prescriptive policy mandate for three new types of functional community mental health team. We examined the effects of this mandate on implementation of the CRT service model. Two hundred and eighteen CRTs were mapped in England, including services in all 65 mental health administrative regions...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061463/prevalence-of-psychological-symptoms-among-ebola-survivors-and-healthcare-workers-during-the-2014-2015-ebola-outbreak-in-sierra-leone-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Dong Ji, Ying-Jie Ji, Xue-Zhang Duan, Wen-Gang Li, Zhi-Qiang Sun, Xue-Ai Song, Yu-Hua Meng, Hong-Mei Tang, Fang Chu, Xiao-Xia Niu, Guo-Feng Chen, Jin Li, Hui-Juan Duan
The 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic was considered to be the largest and most complex outbreak, which caused 11,310 reported deaths. The epidemic disease can cause a mental health crisis, however, there is only a small amount of scientific literature available related to this health issue so far. We evaluated the psychological symptoms of 161 participants including Ebola survivors and healthcare workers in Sierra Leone, analyzed the impact of job classification, education level on psychological status. We found that the order of total general severity index (GSI) scores from high to low was EVD survivors, SL medical staff, SL logistic staff, SL medical students, and Chinese medical staff...
January 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057196/financial-crisis-hangover-in-cyprus-tracking-the-demand-for-utilization-of-mental-health-services
#20
P Petrou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Public Health
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