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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771757/teaching-mental-health-first-aid-in-the-school-setting-a-novel-approach-to-improving-outcomes-for-common-adolescent-mental-disorders
#1
Laura M Hart, Georgina R Cox, Lucy Lees
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Common adolescent mental disorders, such as depression, often go untreated and severely impact health and educational outcomes. The purpose of this review is to describe what is currently known about school-based mental health interventions and to describe a new intervention, Mental Health First Aid training. RECENT FINDINGS: Universal and selective prevention and treatment programmes have been widely evaluated, though population-level dissemination remains elusive...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769367/similarities-between-military-and-medical-service-stigma-of-seeking-mental-health-assistance
#2
EDITORIAL
Fergus Gardiner, E C Gardiner
Studies have identified that there are many barriers to treatment of mental health illnesses in military populations, including the negative-associated stigma. One such barrier includes perceptions of weakness, leading to concerns about leadership and competency and being seen as malingering. Furthermore, similarities can be seen in civilian health professionals, where concerns of negative perceptions can limit reporting and treatment of mental health illnesses. Despite the frequency of stressful events, military and health professionals do not become immune to stress and are often ill prepared to cope with acute stressors that can often build on each other until emotional exhaustion and/or crisis point...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726591/psychosis-screening-practices-in-schools-a-survey-of-school-based-mental-health-providers
#3
Emily R Kline, Cole Chokran, Janine Rodenhiser-Hill, Larry J Seidman, Kristen A Woodberry
AIM: Many school districts in the United States employ mental health professionals to provide assessment, counselling and crisis interventions within the school setting; however, little is known about actual clinical practices of psychosis screening in schools. The aim of the present study is to examine attitudes and practices regarding psychosis screening among school mental health providers in metropolitan Boston, Massachusetts. METHODS: School-based mental health clinicians (N = 100) completed an anonymous survey assessing familiarity, screening, and involvement with psychosis and psychosis risk prior to attending trainings on psychosis...
May 4, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721331/the-development-of-an-occupational-therapy-intervention-for-adults-with-a-diagnosed-psychotic-disorder-following-discharge-from-hospital
#4
Mary Birken, Claire Henderson, Mike Slade
Background: A deterioration in mental health and admission to an acute mental health unit can result in skill loss and decreased participation in daily life. Furthermore, discharge from hospital is associated with high risks of social isolation and suicide. This intervention development study aims to describe the rationale, methods and processes of developing an intervention for adults with a diagnosed psychotic disorder following discharge from hospital. The intervention aims to increase participation in self-care and leisure, wellbeing and quality of life and reduce crisis service use...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718566/-i-as-we-powerful-boundaries-within-the-field-of-mental-health-coproduction
#5
Sebastian von Peter, Gwen Schulz
To date, there is little research on personal crisis experiences of mental health professionals. The aim of this study was to explore some of the reasons for why self-disclosure is so difficult and how these difficulties may prevent productive forms of coproduction. These questions are addressed both from a psychiatrist's autoethnographic account and from the perspective of a peer worker who works in various coproductive relationships. It is shown that mental health professionals often revert to an "I-as-we", speaking of themselves as a collective and thereby reifying the boundaries between 'vulnerable users' and 'invulnerable professionals'...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707967/where-there-s-smoke-there-s-fire-focal-points-for-risk-communication
#6
Frans E Greven, Liesbeth Claassen, Fred Woudenberg, Frans Duijm, Danielle Timmermans
Large fires involving hazardous materials are often characterized by failing crisis communication. In this study, we compared opinions of experts regarding the risks of major fires to lay beliefs using a mental models approach. Amongst lay people this revealed relevant knowledge gaps and beliefs in opposition to those held by experts. While, experts considered the chance of getting cancer from inhaling smoke from a chemical fire extremely small, most lay people thought that even at a great distance, the chance of getting cancer to be large...
April 29, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704954/a-systematic-review-of-opioid-use-after-extremity-trauma-in-orthopedic-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Rikki M Koehler, Ugochi C Okoroafor, Lisa K Cannada
BACKGROUND: The United States is in a prescription opioid crisis. Orthopedic surgeons prescribe more opioid narcotics than any other surgical specialty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the state of opioid use after extremity trauma in orthopedic surgery. METHODS: A computerized literature search of PubMed/MEDLINE was conducted to evaluate the status of opioids after extremity fractures. Six articles were identified and included in the review. RESULTS: Patients who consume more opioids communicate greater pain intensity and less satisfaction with pain control...
April 12, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704903/when-natural-disaster-follows-economic-downturn-the-incremental-impact-of-multiple-stressor-events-on-trajectories-of-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#8
Amar D Mandavia, George A Bonanno
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there were incremental mental health impacts, specifically on depression trajectories, as a result of the 2008 economic crisis (the Great Recession) and subsequent Hurricane Sandy. METHOD: Using latent growth mixture modeling and the ORANJ BOWL dataset, we examined prospective trajectories of depression among older adults (mean age, 60.67; SD, 6.86) who were exposed to the 2 events. We also collected community economic and criminal justice data to examine their impact upon depression trajectories...
April 29, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673272/critical-issues-in-men-s-mental-health
#9
Dan Bilsker, Andrea S Fogarty, Matthew A Wakefield
This narrative review highlights key issues in men's mental health and identifies approaches to research, policy and practice that respond to men's styles of coping. Issues discussed are: 1) the high incidence of male suicide (80% of suicide deaths in Canada, with a peak in the mid-50 s age group) accompanied by low public awareness; 2) the perplexing nature of male depression, manifesting in forms that are poorly recognised by current diagnostic approaches and thus poorly treated; 3) the risky use of alcohol among men, again common and taking a huge toll on mental and physical health; 4) the characteristic ways in which men manage psychological suffering, the coping strengths to be recognised, and the gaps to be addressed; 5) the underutilization of mental health services by men, and the implication for clinical outcomes; and 6) male-specific approaches to service provision designed to improve men's accessing of care, with an emphasis on Canadian programs...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673270/men-s-mental-health-social-determinants-and-implications-for-services
#10
William Affleck, Victoria Carmichael, Rob Whitley
Numerous scholars have stated that there is a silent crisis in men's mental health. In this article, we aim to provide an overview of core issues in the field of men's mental health, including a discussion of key social determinants as well as implications for mental health services. Firstly, we review the basic epidemiology of mental disorders with a high incidence and prevalence in men, including suicide and substance use disorder. Secondly, we examine controversies around the low reported rates of depression in men, discussing possible measurement and reporting biases...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667736/commentary-advancing-an-implementation-science-agenda-on-mental-health-and-psychosocial-responses-in-war-affected-settings-comment-on-trials-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-youth-affected-by-the-syrian-crisis-by-panter-brick-et-al-2018
#11
Theresa S Betancourt, Mina Fazel
Syria's civil conflict has created the largest humanitarian disaster of our time, causing massive population displacement, tremendous exposure to trauma, and loss. Advancing the mental health and psychosocial responses of war-affected populations both during acute humanitarian emergencies and in post-conflict transition is imperative in forging a constructive implementation agenda. This study makes an important contribution in building evidence toward effective interventions to advance the mental health and well-being of those affected by the Syrian crisis...
May 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666165/beyond-mental-health-crisis-stabilization-in-emergency-departments-and-acute-care-hospitals
#12
Stephanie K Doupnik, Jeremy Esposito, Jane Lavelle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653461/-users-experiences-with-psychosocial-counselling-services-in-a-community-mental-health-centre
#13
Julian Schwarz, Anne Berghöfer, Burkhart Brückner, Thomas Birker, Barbara Stöckigt
OBJECTIVE: Analysis of users experiences with a low-threshold psychosocial counselling and case management service across separate sectors (e. g., outpatient, inpatient) and legal provisions (e. g., V and XII Books of Social Code). METHODS: Nine semi-structured interviews were conducted and analysed using content analysis. RESULTS: Several aspects of the users' experiences with counselling services have contributed towards their satisfaction with the service...
April 13, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629779/muslim-americans-safety-and-well-being-in-the-wake-of-trump-a-public-health-and-social-justice-crisis
#14
Wahiba Abu-Ras, Zulema E Suárez, Soleman Abu-Bader
This study examined the perceived impact of religious discrimination and Islamophobia on Muslim Americans' well-being during the 2016 United States presidential election campaign. Data were collected from a national sample of 1,130 Muslim Americans. Perceived religious discrimination (PRD) was measured using the Perceived Religious Discrimination Scale. Results of canonical correlation analysis showed that perceived Islamophobia was associated with safety (β = .45, p < .001), level of stress (β = -.25, p < ...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629392/empowerment-of-women-and-mental-health-improvement-with-a-preventive-approach
#15
Shahin Shooshtari, M R Abedi, M Bahrami, Rahele Samouei
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Mental health and empowerment are two of the women's essential needs. These two related concepts play an important role in women's lives. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate empowerment of women and its relation with mental health problem prevention during difficult situations. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted through semi-structured interviews with 33 experts in the fields of psychology, social sciences, women studies, medicine and crisis management specialists using snowball sampling in cities of Tehran, Isfahan, Tabriz, and Mashhad during the year 1395 (March 2016-March 2017)...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624792/circumstances-of-suicide-among-individuals-with-a-history-of-cancer
#16
Greta M Massetti, Kristin Holland, Shane P D Jack, Kathleen R Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford
OBJECTIVE: Cancer can trigger psychological distress, which may be associated with risk of suicide. We explored precipitating circumstances of suicides among decedents with and without a history of cancer. METHODS: Coroner or medical examiner and law enforcement narratives of adult suicides were coded from 17 participating states in CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System during 2004-2013. Bivariate and multivariate analyses examined associations between cancer history and factors that precipitated suicide...
April 6, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609153/the-effect-of-housing-first-on-adherence-to-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#17
Milad Parpouchi, Akm Moniruzzaman, Stefanie N Rezansoff, Angela Russolillo, Julian M Somers
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose deaths have become a public health crisis in North America, and those who are homeless are particularly vulnerable. Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) may prevent overdose and death among homeless people with opioid dependence, but suboptimal medication adherence is a common limitation. Previous research found that Housing First (HF) increases antipsychotic medication adherence among formerly homeless people. However, no experimental trials have examined whether HF has a significant impact on MMT adherence...
March 30, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601915/effect-of-the-economic-crisis-on-the-use-of-health-and-home-care-services-among-elderly-spanish-diabetes-patients
#18
Ana Lopez-de-Andres, Javier de Miguel-Diez, Valentin Hernandez-Barrera, Isabel Jiménez-Trujillo, Maria-Angeles Martinez-Huedo, José Luis Del Barrio, Rodrigo Jimenez-Garcia
AIMS: To describe the utilization of health and home care services among older people (≥65 years) with diabetes during the economic crisis; to identify the factors associated with changes in the utilization of these services; and to study the time trends (2009-2014). METHODS: We used the European Health Interview Surveys for Spain (EEHSS) for 2009/10 and 2014. The dependent variables included self-reported hospitalizations; general practitioner (GP) visits; 'other healthcare services' (OHS) used; and home care services (HCS) used...
March 27, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601609/withstanding-austerity-equity-in-health-services-utilisation-in-the-first-stage-of-the-economic-recession-in-southern-spain
#19
Juan Antonio Córdoba-Doña, Antonio Escolar-Pujolar, Miguel San Sebastián, Per E Gustafsson
Scant research is available on the impact of the current economic crisis and austerity policies on inequality in health services utilisation in Europe. This study aimed to describe the trends in horizontal inequity in the use of health services in Andalusia, Spain, during the early years of the Great Recession, and the contribution of demographic, economic and social factors. Consultation with a general practitioner (GP) and specialist, hospitalisation and emergency care were studied through the Andalusian Health Survey 2007 (pre-crisis) and 2011-2012 (crisis), using a composite income index as socioeconomic status (SES) indicator...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588655/reflections-from-the-lebanese-field-first-heal-thyself
#20
Zeina Chemali, Hannah Smati, Kelsey Johnson, Christina P C Borba, Gregory L Fricchione
Humanitarian aid workers caring for Syrian refugees face major stressors as they attend to refugees' needs on the field. Without adequate psychosocial support, evidence has shown that fieldworkers experience high burnout and turnover as well as long-term poor mental health. Unfortunately, scarce training in this regard leaves them ill-equipped to care for themselves and practice resilience while handling trauma in the field. This paper highlights our reflection on working with mindfulness programs during humanitarian crises, specifically how our program, Stress Management and Relaxation Response Training (SMART), has helped over time fieldworkers and the community they cared for...
2018: Conflict and Health
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