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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455916/mobilisation-kinetics-of-hazardous-elements-in-marine-plastics-subject-to-an-avian-physiologically-based-extraction-test
#1
Andrew Turner
Samples of plastic collected from two beaches in southwest England (n = 185) have been analysed by XRF spectrometry for elements that are hazardous or restricted in synthetic polymers (namely, As, Ba, Br, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb, Sb and Se). Overall, one or more restricted element was detected in 151 samples, with 15 cases exhibiting non-compliance with respect to the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive. Twelve plastics that were RoHS-non-compliant were subsequently processed into microplastic-sized fragments and subjected to an avian physiologically-based extraction test (PBET) that simulates the chemical conditions in the gizzard-proventriculus of the northern fulmar...
February 15, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455697/meaningful-ways-of-understanding-and-measuring-change-for-people-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-thematic-analysis
#2
Louise McCusker, Marie-Louise Turner, Georgina Pike, Helen Startup
BACKGROUND: The effective treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) presents healthcare providers with a significant challenge. The evidence base remains limited partially due to a lack of professional consensus and service user involvement regarding ways of measuring change. As a result, the limited evidence that is available draws on such a wide range of outcome measures, that comparison across treatment types is hindered, maintaining a lack of clarity regarding the clinical needs of this group...
February 19, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454932/preserved-canonicality-of-the-bold-hemodynamic-response-reflects-healthy-cognition-insights-into-the-healthy-brain-through-the-window-of-multiple-sclerosis
#3
REVIEW
Monroe P Turner, Nicholas A Hubbard, Dinesh K Sivakolundu, Lyndahl M Himes, Joanna L Hutchison, John Hart, Jeffrey Spence, Elliot Frohman, Teresa Frohman, Darin Okuda, Bart Rypma
The hemodynamic response function (HRF), a model of brain blood-flow changes in response to neural activity, reflects communication between neurons and the vasculature that supplies these neurons in part by means of glial cell intermediaries (e.g., astrocytes). Intact neural-vascular communication might play a central role in optimal cognitive performance. This hypothesis can be tested by comparing healthy individuals to those with known white-matter damage and impaired performance, as seen in Multiple Sclerosis (MS)...
February 15, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454869/the-intrapartum-and-perinatal-risks-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Nicole T Brown, Jessica M Turner, Sailesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing is an increasingly common condition in non-obstetric populations and is associated with significant morbidity. The incidence of sleep-disordered breathing in pregnancy is unknown and it is likely that many cases go undiagnosed. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to determine if pregnant women diagnosed with sleep-disordered breathing are more likely to have adverse intrapartum and perinatal outcomes compared to controls...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453641/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-thoughts-about-psychotherapy-survey-in-a-parent-sample
#5
Erlanger A Turner
Researchers have noted that treatment fearfulness (e.g., embarrassment or negative attitudes) causes individuals to avoid seeking therapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Thoughts About Psychotherapy Survey (TAPS; Kushner and Sher in Prof Psychol Res Prac 20(4):251-257, 1989) in a sample of parents. This study also examined differences in therapy fears among parents with and without a history of using mental health services. Using a sample of 138 parents (87% female), findings indicated that a three factor structure of the TAPS was a good fit for the data...
February 16, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453234/revisiting-the-viability-of-the-developmental-behavioral-health-care-workforce
#6
Laurel K Leslie, Rebecca Baum, Adam Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452928/comprehensive-on-line-two-dimensional-liquid-chromatography-%C3%A3-supercritical-fluid-chromatography-with-trapping-column-assisted-modulation-for-depolymerised-lignin-analysis
#7
Mingzhe Sun, Margareta Sandahl, Charlotta Turner
Lignin depolymerisation produces a large variety of low molecular weight phenolic compounds that can be upgraded to value-added chemicals. Detailed analysis of these complex depolymerisation mixtures is, however, hampered by the lack of resolving power of traditional analysis techniques. In this study, a novel online comprehensive two-dimensional reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) × supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) method with trapping column interface was developed for the separation of phenolic compounds in depolymerised lignin samples...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452631/the-evaluation-of-the-implementation-of-the-vascular-preventative-bundle-and-development-of-suggested-interventions-for-improvement-and-sustainability
#8
Jennifer Franklin, Kathleen Turner, John S Hudson, Kimberly Guest, Ellen D Dillavou
Postoperative infections can complicate patient care and increase health care costs. A vascular preventative bundle was implemented at a large teaching/research intensive hospital to decrease surgical site infections (SSIs) with vascular surgery patients. The aim of this study was to measure fidelity to the bundle and determine if implementation of the vascular SSI bundle reduced the rate of SSIs. Three periods of data were collected, and they are identified as preimplementation (period 1), early implementation (period 2), and postimplementation (period 3)...
March 2018: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452200/identification-of-clinically-relevant-chronic-rhinosinusitis-endotypes-using-cluster-analysis-of-mucus-cytokines
#9
Justin H Turner, Rakesh K Chandra, Ping Li, Kemberlee Bonnet, David G Schlundt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450922/anisotropic-thermal-and-guest-induced-responses-of-an-ultramicroporous-framework-with-rigid-linkers
#10
Josie E Auckett, Samuel G Duyker, Ekaterina I Izgorodina, Chris S Hawes, David R Turner, Stuart R Batten, Vanessa Kate Peterson
The interdependent effects of temperature and guest uptake on the structure of the ultramicroporous metal-organic framework [Cu3(cdm)4] (cdm = C(CN)2(CONH2)-) are explored in detail using in situ neutron scattering and density functional theory calculations. The tetragonal lattice displays an anisotropic thermal response related to a hinged "lattice-fence" mechanism, unusual for this topology, which is facilitated by pivoting of the rigid cdm anion about the Cu nodes. Calculated pore size metrics clearly illustrate the potential for temperature-mediated adsorption in ultramicroporous frameworks due to thermal fluctuations of the pore diameter near the value of the target guest kinetic diameter, though in [Cu3(cdm)4] this is counteracted by a competing contraction of the pore with increasing temperature as a result of the anisotropic lattice response...
February 16, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449635/purkinje-cells-derived-from-tsc-patients-display-hypoexcitability-and-synaptic-deficits-associated-with-reduced-fmrp-levels-and-reversed-by-rapamycin
#11
Maria Sundberg, Ivan Tochitsky, David E Buchholz, Kellen Winden, Ville Kujala, Kush Kapur, Deniz Cataltepe, Daria Turner, Min-Joon Han, Clifford J Woolf, Mary E Hatten, Mustafa Sahin
Accumulating evidence suggests that cerebellar dysfunction early in life is associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but the molecular mechanisms underlying the cerebellar deficits at the cellular level are unclear. Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a neurocutaneous disorder that often presents with ASD. Here, we developed a cerebellar Purkinje cell (PC) model of TSC with patient-derived human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) to characterize the molecular mechanisms underlying cerebellar abnormalities in ASD and TSC...
February 15, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449600/glucocorticoids-promote-apoptosis-of-proinflammatory-monocytes-by-inhibiting-erk-activity
#12
Adrian Achuthan, Ahmad S M Aslam, Quyen Nguyen, Pui-Yeng Lam, Andrew J Fleetwood, Ashlee T Frye, Cynthia Louis, Ming-Chin Lee, Julia E Smith, Andrew D Cook, Moshe Olshansky, Stephen J Turner, John A Hamilton
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are potent anti-inflammatory drugs whose mode of action is complex and still debatable. One likely cellular target of GCs are monocytes/macrophages. The role of GCs in monocyte survival is also debated. Although both granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and macrophage-CSF (M-CSF) are important regulators of macrophage lineage functions including their survival, the former is often associated with proinflammatory functions while the latter is important in lineage homeostasis...
February 15, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449291/adapting-and-enhancing-pax-good-behavior-game-for-first-nations-communities-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol-developed-with-swampy-cree-tribal-council-communities-in-manitoba
#13
Janique Fortier, Mariette Chartier, Sarah Turner, Nora Murdock, Frank Turner, Jitender Sareen, Tracie O Afifi, Laurence Y Katz, Marni Brownell, James Bolton, Brenda Elias, Corinne Isaak, Roberta Woodgate, Depeng Jiang
INTRODUCTION: High rates of mental health problems, such as suicidal behaviours, among First Nations youth in Canada are a major public health concern. The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a school-based intervention that provides a nurturing environment for children and has been shown to promote positive outcomes. PAX Good Behavior Game (PAX GBG) is an adaptation and enhancement of the GBG. While PAX GBG has been implemented in Indigenous communities, little research exists examining the cultural and contextual appropriateness and effectiveness of the intervention in First Nations communities...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449075/cardiac-transplantation-in-children-with-down-syndrome-turner-syndrome-and-other-chromosomal-anomalies-a-multi-institutional-outcomes-analysis
#14
Christopher R Broda, Antonio G Cabrera, Joseph W Rossano, John L Jefferies, Jeffrey A Towbin, Clifford Chin, Pirouz Shamszad
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence, characteristics, and outcomes in pediatric patients with chromosomal anomalies (CA) undergoing orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). METHODS: A query of the database of the Pediatric Health Information System, a large administrative and billing database of 43 tertiary children's hospitals, was performed for the Years 2004 to 2016. Pediatric patients who received OHT were analyzed based on presence and type of CA...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447910/preventing-non-contact-acl-injuries-in-female-athletes-what-can-we-learn-from-dancers
#15
Catherine Turner, Sarah Crow, Thomas Crowther, Brittany Keating, Trenton Saupan, Jason Pyfer, Kimberly Vialpando, Szu-Ping Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of dance experience and movement instruction on lower extremity kinematics and muscle activation during a landing task. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case control. SETTING: Laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: 27 female subjects (age 18-25) in 2 groups: dancers (n = 12) and non-dancers (n = 15). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Lower extremity biomechanics during drop landing were analyzed...
December 23, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447419/fear-of-cancer-recurrence-a-practical-guide-for-clinicians
#16
Phyllis Butow MClinPsych, Louise Sharpe, Belinda Thewes, Jane Turner, Jemma Gilchrist MClinPsych, Jane Beith
With increasing cancer survival, fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is becoming a prominent clinical issue. FCR is prevalent, distressing, and long-lasting, and can negatively impact patients' quality of life, use of health services, and adherence to follow-up recommendations. Novel targeted therapies may increase risk of FCR because of longer treatment duration and follow-up, increased prognostic precision, and omission of treatment based on genomic status. Oncologists can assess and screen for FCR using validated measures; provide adequate information about prognosis, signs and symptoms of recurrence, and behavioral strategies for risk reduction and follow-up; and warn patients and families that FCR may be an issue in survivorship...
January 15, 2018: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446109/systematic-review-the-natural-history-of-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency-and-associated-liver-disease
#17
REVIEW
S A Townsend, R G Edgar, P R Ellis, D Kantas, P N Newsome, A M Turner
BACKGROUND: Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is estimated to affect three million people worldwide. It causes liver disease in a proportion of carriers of the PiS and PiZ allele due to the formation and retention of polymers within the endoplasmic reticulum of hepatocytes. The reason for this selective penetrance is not known. Although clinical trials are underway, liver transplantation is the only effective treatment for liver disease due to AATD. AIMS: To report the prevalence and natural history of liver disease among individuals with AATD, and assess the outcomes of liver transplantation through systematic review...
February 15, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445272/ct-densitometry-in-emphysema-a-systematic-review-of-its-clinical-utility
#18
Diana Crossley, Mary Renton, Muhammad Khan, Emma V Low, Alice M Turner
Background: The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between computed tomography (CT) densitometry and routine clinical markers in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and alpha-1 anti-trypsin deficiency (AATD). Methods: Multiple databases were searched using a combination of pertinent terms and those articles relating quantitatively measured CT densitometry to clinical outcomes. Studies that used visual scoring only were excluded, as were those measured in expiration only...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444804/partitioning-the-pleiotropy-between-coronary-artery-disease-and-body-mass-index-reveals-the-importance-of-low-frequency-variants-and-central-nervous-system-specific-functional-elements
#19
Majid Nikpay, Adam W Turner, Ruth McPherson
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to investigate the extent and nature of pleiotropy between coronary artery disease (CAD) and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: We examined the contribution of genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphisms (minor allele frequency ≥0.01) to co-occurrence of CAD and BMI in a sample of genetically unrelated 8041 subjects (genetic resemblance ≤0.025) of European ancestry using mixed-linear-models. We further partitioned the estimated pleiotropy according to biological features to gain insight into the nature of pleiotropy between CAD and BMI...
February 2018: Circ Genom Precis Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444726/resting-state-thalamic-dysconnectivity-in-schizophrenia-and-relationships-with-symptoms
#20
J Ferri, J M Ford, B J Roach, J A Turner, T G van Erp, J Voyvodic, A Preda, A Belger, J Bustillo, D O'Leary, B A Mueller, K O Lim, S C McEwen, V D Calhoun, M Diaz, G Glover, D Greve, C G Wible, J G Vaidya, S G Potkin, D H Mathalon
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia (SZ) is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder associated with disrupted connectivity within the thalamic-cortico-cerebellar network. Resting-state functional connectivity studies have reported thalamic hypoconnectivity with the cerebellum and prefrontal cortex as well as thalamic hyperconnectivity with sensory cortical regions in SZ patients compared with healthy comparison participants (HCs). However, fundamental questions remain regarding the clinical significance of these connectivity abnormalities...
February 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
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