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Extrinsic motivation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932822/efl-reading-goals-of-grade-11-students-across-public-and-non-public-schools-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#1
Tekle Ferede, B M Nchindila
This study investigated the EFL reading goals of Grade 11 students across public and non-public schools in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa. To this end, quantitative data were collected from 556 (375 public and 181 non-public) students via pre-tested structured questionnaire and analyzed into means, medians, standard deviations, ranges and Mann-Whitney U test scores. The results show that non-public school students were found better than public school students in possessing components of both extrinsic and intrinsic goals for reading...
September 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925295/characteristics-of-patients-with-existing-advance-directives-evaluating-motivations-around-advance-care-planning
#2
Joanne E Genewick, Dorothy M Lipski, Katherine M Schupack, Angela L H Buffington
INTRODUCTION: Although 80% of patients endorse an advance directive (AD), less than 35% of American adults have a documented AD. Much research has been done on barriers to creating ADs; however, there is a paucity of research addressing motivations for creating ADs. Previous research has identified 4 categories of influence for engaging in advance care planning (ACP). This study aimed to quantify the influence of these 4 motivating categories in creating an AD. METHODS: Participants included 238 adults with documented ADs...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901645/measuring-achievement-goal-motivation-mindsets-and-cognitive-load-validation-of-three-instruments-scores
#3
David A Cook, Richmond M Castillo, Becca Gas, Anthony R Artino
OBJECTIVE: Measurement of motivation and cognitive load has potential value in health professions education. Our objective was to evaluate the validity of scores from Dweck's Implicit Theories of Intelligence Scale (ITIS), Elliot's Achievement Goal Questionnaire-Revised (AGQ-R) and Leppink's cognitive load index (CLI). METHODS: This was a validity study evaluating internal structure using reliability and factor analysis, and relationships with other variables using the multitrait-multimethod matrix...
October 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830005/fostering-prosocial-behavior-and-empathy-in-young-children
#4
REVIEW
Tracy L Spinrad, Diana E Gal
There is increasing interest in understanding ways to foster young children's prosocial behavior (i.e. voluntary acts to benefit another). We begin this review by differentiating between types of prosocial behavior, empathy, and sympathy. We argue that sympathy and some types of prosocial behaviors are most likely intrinsically motivated, whereas other types of prosocial behaviors may be extrinsically motivated. Next, we highlight work focusing on the socialization practices that have been found to predict individual differences in young children's prosocial behavior and concern for others...
August 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822499/countervailing-incentives-in-value-based-payment
#5
REVIEW
Daniel R Arnold
Payment reform has been at the forefront of the movement toward higher-value care in the U.S. health care system. A common belief is that volume-based incentives embedded in fee-for-service need to be replaced with value-based payments. While this belief is well-intended, value-based payment also contains perverse incentives. In particular, behavioral economists have identified several features of individual decision making that reverse some of the typical recommendations for inducing desirable behavior through financial incentives...
September 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790938/mathematics-anxiety-and-statistics-anxiety-shared-but-also-unshared-components-and-antagonistic-contributions-to-performance-in-statistics
#6
Manuela Paechter, Daniel Macher, Khatuna Martskvishvili, Sigrid Wimmer, Ilona Papousek
In many social science majors, e.g., psychology, students report high levels of statistics anxiety. However, these majors are often chosen by students who are less prone to mathematics and who might have experienced difficulties and unpleasant feelings in their mathematics courses at school. The present study investigates whether statistics anxiety is a genuine form of anxiety that impairs students' achievements or whether learners mainly transfer previous experiences in mathematics and their anxiety in mathematics to statistics...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770885/a-survey-to-determine-motivating-factors-to-quit-opioids-in-treatment-seekers-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#7
Muhammad Iqbal Afridi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of different motivating factors to quit opioid use. METHODS: The descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from August 2012 to February 2013, and comprised opioid users. Demographic data was collected through a semi-structured questionnaire whereas motivational factor was assessed through a self-designed proforma. A motivational factor questionnaire was developed after a pilot study...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730557/extrinsic-religious-orientation-and-disordered-eating-pathology-among-modern-orthodox-israeli-adolescents-the-mediating-role-of-adherence-to-the-superwoman-ideal-and-body-dissatisfaction
#8
Sarah L Weinberger-Litman, Yael Latzer, Leib Litman, Rachel Ozick
The role of religious and spiritual factors has been recognized with regard to risk factors for disordered eating pathology (DEP). Specifically, religious orientation, or underlying religious motivation, has been associated with DEP among a variety of religious groups. Extrinsic religious orientation has consistently been found to be associated with increased levels of DEP among Christians and Jews in the USA. However, this paradigm has not been investigated cross-culturally. The current study is the first to examine the association of extrinsic religious orientation and DEP among Modern Orthodox Israeli adolescents...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713457/personal-and-social-responsibility-among-athletes-the-role-of-self-determination-achievement-goals-and-engagement
#9
Paulo Martins, António Rosado, Vítor Ferreira, Rui Biscaia
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between motivation, engagement and personal and social responsibility among athletes. Based on the literature, a survey was conducted including measures of motivation, considering task orientation and ego orientation, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and amotivation. We also measured the components of engagement (dedication, confidence, vigor and enthusiasm) and the components of personal and social responsibility. A total of 517 athletes from different types of sports participated in the study...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692903/specialty-satisfaction-positive-psychological-capital-and-nursing-professional-values-in-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Chung Hee Woo, Ju Young Park
BACKGROUND: Ideally, college majors should be chosen to achieve self-realization and correspond to self-concept. However, some students select a major based on extrinsic factors, rather than aptitude or interests, because of a lack of employment opportunities. If they have negative college experiences with an unsatisfactory major, they might not engage fully in their occupation following graduation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify factors affecting specialty satisfaction in preclinical practice nursing-college students...
June 24, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684385/motivational-determinants-of-exergame-participation-for-older-people-in-assisted-living-facilities-mixed-methods-study
#11
Wytske Meekes, Emma Kate Stanmore
BACKGROUND: Exergames (exercise-based videogames) for delivering strength and balance exercise for older people are growing in popularity with the emergence of new Kinect-based technologies; however, little is known about the factors affecting their uptake and usage by older people. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the factors that may influence the motivation of older people to use exergames to improve their physical function and reduce fall risk...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655844/demotivating-incentives-and-motivation-crowding-out-in-charitable-giving
#12
Matthew Chao
Research has shown that extrinsic incentives can crowd out intrinsic motivation in many contexts. Despite this, many nonprofits offer conditional thank-you gifts, such as mugs or tote bags, in exchange for donations. In collaboration with a nonprofit, this study implements a direct mail field experiment and demonstrates that thank-you gifts reduced donation rates in a fundraising campaign. Attention-based multiattribute choice models suggest that this is because prospective donors shift attention to the salient gift offer, causing them to underweight less salient intrinsic motives...
July 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645841/how-do-self-interest-and-other-need-interact-in-the-brain-to-determine-altruistic-behavior
#13
Jie Hu, Yue Li, Yunlu Yin, Philip R Blue, Hongbo Yu, Xiaolin Zhou
Altruistic behavior, i.e., promoting the welfare of others at a cost to oneself, is subserved by the integration of various social, affective, and economic factors represented in extensive brain regions. However, it is unclear how different regions interact to process/integrate information regarding the helper's interest and recipient's need when deciding whether to behave altruistically. Here we combined an interactive game with functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to characterize the neural network underlying the processing/integration of self-interest and other-need...
June 20, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609143/use-of-videoconferencing-for-lactation-consultation-an-online-cross-sectional-survey-of-mothers-acceptance-in-the-united-states
#14
Mona F Habibi, Cary M Springer, Marsha L Spence, Melissa B Hansen-Petrik, Katherine F Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal breastfeeding duration and exclusivity rates are a public health concern. Therefore, there is a need for identifying effective tools for use in interventions targeting specific barriers to optimal breastfeeding outcomes. Research aim: This study aimed to assess the relationship between acceptance of remote lactation consultation using videoconferencing and (a) maternal demographic factors, (b) technology acceptance subscales, (c) maternal learning style preferences, and (d) other potentially explanatory maternal factors...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601435/contrasting-approaches-to-primary-care-performance-governance-in-denmark-and-new-zealand
#15
REVIEW
Tim Tenbensel, Viola Burau
In high-income countries, the arena of primary health care is becoming increasingly subject to 'performance governance' - the harnessing of performance information to the broader task of governance. Primary care presents many governance challenges because it is predominantly provided by sole practitioners or small organisations. In this article we compare Denmark and New Zealand, two small countries with tax-funded health systems which have adopted quite different instruments for performance governance in primary care...
June 2, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597222/development-and-preliminary-validation-of-a-new-measure-of-values-in-scientific-work
#16
Tammy English, Alison L Antes, Kari A Baldwin, James M DuBois
In this paper we describe the development and initial psychometric evaluation of a new measure, the values in scientific work (VSW). This scale assesses the level of importance that investigators attach to different VSW. It taps a broad range of intrinsic, extrinsic, and social values that motivate the work of scientists, including values specific to scientific work (e.g., truth and integrity) and more classic work values (e.g., security and prestige) in the context of science. Notably, the values represented in this scale are relevant to scientists regardless of their career stage and research focus...
June 8, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590883/what-s-in-a-name-group-fitness-class-names-and-women-s-reasons-for-exercising
#17
Theresa C Brown, Bridget M Miller, Bailey M Adams
The benefits of intrinsic exercise motivation are well recognized, yet extrinsically focused group-fitness class names/descriptions dominate the fitness industry. To explore the impact of how fitness classes are marketed, women (N = 389) were asked to indicate their preference for either intrinsically or extrinsically focused fitness classes based on title/description. Participants who favored intrinsic class names/descriptions were more likely to report greater interest/enjoyment, perceived competence, and greater effort and report exercising for health/fitness-related reasons...
April 2017: Health Marketing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588985/how-did-rapid-scale-up-of-hiv-services-impact-on-workplace-and-interpersonal-trust-in-zambian-primary-health-centres-a-case-based-health-systems-analysis
#18
Stephanie M Topp, Julien M Chipukuma
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, large amounts of funding continue to be directed towards HIV-specific care and treatment, often with claims of 'health system strengthening' effect. Such claims rarely account for the impact on human relationships and decisions that are core to functional health systems. This research examined how establishment of externally funded HIV services influenced trusting relationships in Zambian health centres. METHODS: An in-depth, multicase study included four health centres selected for urban, peri-urban and rural characteristics...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586257/the-impact-of-specialized-telephonic-guides-on-employee-engagement-in-corporate-well-being-programs
#19
Nicholas L Boerger, Nathan A Barleen, Mary L Marzec, Daniel P Moloney, Jeff Dobro
Employer-sponsored well-being programs have been growing in popularity as a means to control rising health care costs and increase workplace productivity. Engagement by employees is necessary for these programs to achieve their desired effects. Extrinsic motivators in the form of incentives and surcharges are commonly introduced by employer program sponsors to promote meaningful engagement. Although these may be successful in achieving a degree of engagement, individuals benefit by being intrinsically motivated as they modify behaviors and improve short- and long-term well-being...
June 6, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583973/solving-disparities-through-payment-and-delivery-system-reform-a-program-to-achieve-health-equity
#20
Rachel H DeMeester, Lucy J Xu, Robert S Nocon, Scott C Cook, Andrea M Ducas, Marshall H Chin
Payment systems generally do not directly encourage or support the reduction of health disparities. In 2013 the Finding Answers: Solving Disparities through Payment and Delivery System Reform program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation sought to understand how alternative payment models might intentionally incorporate a disparities-reduction component to promote health equity. A qualitative analysis of forty proposals to the program revealed that applicants generally did not link payment reform tightly to disparities reduction...
June 1, 2017: Health Affairs
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