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Extrinsic motivation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350781/effects-of-work-environment-and-job-characteristics-on-the-turnover-intention-of-experienced-nurses-the-mediating-role-of-work-engagement
#1
Qiaoqin Wan, Zhaoyang Li, Weijiao Zhou, Shaomei Shang
AIM: To assess turnover intention among experienced nurses and explore the effects of work environment, job characteristics and work engagement on turnover intention. BACKGROUND: The nursing shortage is an urgent concern in China. A high turnover rate of experienced nurses could have serious effects on the quality of care, costs and the efficiency of hospitals. It is crucial to explore the predictors of turnover intention and develop strategies tailored to experienced nurses...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350316/influence-of-personality-and-motivation-on-oral-presentation-performance
#2
Hsin-Yi Liang, Brent Kelsen
Personality and motivation have been identified as influential variables associated with foreign language learning; however, few studies have investigated their effect on oral presentations. This study addresses the importance of both personality and motivation in students' collaborative oral presentation performance. A Big Five personality trait questionnaire measuring Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Openness to Experience, together with the Collaborative Inquiry-based Project Questionnaire measuring Task, Project Work, Reinforcement, Social Learning and Social Pressure motivational constructs were employed to evaluate 257 university students...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332381/the-significant-role-of-mg-stoichiometry-in-designing-high-thermoelectric-performance-for-mg3-sb-bi-2-based-n-type-zintls
#3
Jing Shuai, Binghui Ge, Jun Mao, Shaowei Song, Yumei Wang, Zhifeng Ren
Complex structures with versatile chemistry provide considerable chemical tunability of the transport properties. Good thermoelectric materials are generally extrinsically doped semiconductors with optimal carrier concentrations, while charged intrinsic defects (e.g., vacancies, interstitials) can also adjust the carriers, even in the compounds with no apparent deviation from a stoichiometric nominal composition. Here we report that in Zintl compounds Mg3+xSb1.5Bi0.5, the carrier concentration can be tuned from p-type to n-type by simply altering the initial Mg concentration...
January 14, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294676/religiousness-and-rape-myth-acceptance-risk-and-protective-effects
#4
Samantha Ensz, Peter J Jankowski
This study addressed the lack of research simultaneously examining multiple dimensions of religiousness when predicting rape myth acceptance, and extended prior findings of a mediating role for right-wing authoritarianism (i.e., uncritical submission to authority and aggressive attitude toward those who do not conform to social norms) in the association between religiousness and prejudice. The sample consisted of 99 undergraduate and graduate students ( M age = 31.87 years, 66.7% female, 80.82% White, and 93% Christian affiliated) from a religiously affiliated university in the Midwest United States...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279212/two-pedals-drive-the-bi-cycle-of-violence-reactive-and-appetitive-aggression
#5
REVIEW
Thomas Elbert, Maggie Schauer, James K Moran
The Good: when you fight to counter threat, your aggression is a reactive defense, and often morally justifiable. The Bad: when you loot and rob, hurt and kill, to obtain social status or material goods, that is an extrinsic reward. This is instrumental aggression. And The Ugly: The intrinsic enjoyment of violence. This 'appetitive aggression' describes a lust for violence, underlying first-person shooter gamers, hunting, and extreme acts of violence, such as murder and massacres. Although violence often results from a combination of these forms of aggression, the differentiation is necessary to understand their interplay, as they drive two interconnected cycles of violence: the reactive cycle, fueled by the motivation to overcome negative feelings, and the hedonically driven appetitive cycle...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277974/registered-nurse-intent-to-promote-physical-activity-for-hospitalised-liver-transplant-recipients
#6
Jocelyn A Pearson, Kara Mangold, Heidi E Kosiorek, Morgan Montez, Diane M Smith, Brenda J Tyler
AIM: To describe how registered nurse work motivation, attitudes, subjective norm and perceived behavioural control influence intention to promote physical activity in hospitalised adult liver transplant recipients. DESIGN: Descriptive study of clinical registered nurses caring for recipients of liver transplant at a tertiary medical centre. METHODS: Intent to Mobilise Liver Transplant Recipient Scale, Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale, and demographics were used to explore registered nurses' work motivation, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control and intention to promote physical activity of hospitalised adult liver transplant recipients during the acute postoperative phase...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277114/developing-a-falls-prevention-program-for-community-dwelling-stroke-survivors-in-singapore-client-and-caregiver-perspectives
#7
Tianma Xu, Kate O'Loughlin, Lindy Clemson, Natasha A Lannin, Catherine Dean, Gerald Koh
PURPOSE: Drawing on the perspectives of stroke survivors, family members and domestic helpers, this study explores participants' experiences of self-perceived fall risk factors after stroke, common fall prevention strategies used, and challenges to community participation after a fall. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in Singapore with community-dwelling stroke survivors with a previous fall (n = 9), family caregivers (n = 4), and domestic helpers (n = 4) who have cared for a stroke survivor with a previous fall...
December 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274494/an-integrative-review-developing-and-measuring-creativity-in-nursing
#8
REVIEW
Xing Ma, Yuanyuan Yang, Xue Wang, Yuli Zang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and synthesise the existing evidence on creativity in nursing. DESIGN: An integrative review. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted using seven English databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science, Cochrane, EBSCO, Wiley, and Medline) and the top three best Chinese databases (CNKI, Wanfang Data, and VIP). REVIEW METHODS: The combined keywords, creativity and nursing/nurse, were used to search for relevant journal articles that were written in English or Chinese from January 1995 to December 2016...
December 13, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259785/student-experiences-and-perceptions-of-compulsory-research-projects-a-veterinary-perspective
#9
Jacqueline M Cardwell, Kirsty Magnier, Tierney Kinnison, Ayona Silva-Fletcher
Background: Although research underpins clinical work, many students training to be clinicians are not inherently interested in developing research skills. Aim: To characterise and understand veterinary student experiences and perceptions of compulsory research projects. Methods: This was an explanatory sequential mixed-methods study, with a questionnaire survey of an entire cohort informing purposive selection for focus group discussions...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242173/exploring-determinants-of-patient-adherence-to-a-portal-supported-oncology-rehabilitation-program-interview-and-data-log-analyses
#10
Hendrik P Buimer, Monique Tabak, Lex van Velsen, Thea van der Geest, Hermie Hermens
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine applications often do not live up to their expectations and often fail once they have reached the operational phase. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the determinants of patient adherence to a blended care rehabilitation program, which includes a Web portal, from a patient's perspective. METHODS: Patients were enrolled in a 12-week oncology rehabilitation treatment supported by a Web portal that was developed in cooperation with patients and care professionals...
December 14, 2017: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214123/pay-for-performance-motivation-to-succeed-in-advanced-trauma-life-support-courses-a-question-of-background-or-funding
#11
Roman Klein, Wolfgang Armbruster, Martin Grotz, Bernd Höner, Matthias Münzberg, Paul Alfred Grützner, Christoph Georg Wölfl
Objective: To correlate students' performance with their professional background and motivation to take part in Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) courses. We base our analysis on the self-determination theory that differentiates intrinsic (ambition to perform by individual itself) from extrinsic motivation (incentive by external stimuli). Design: We present a non-blinded, monocentric, non-randomized descriptive study of 376 students taking part in an ATLS course at one course site in Germany. Part of a two-day ATLS course are two written tests; we correlate test scores with background information provided by the students in a questionnaire of 13 items (age, sex, adress, board certification, specialty, subspecialty, position, hospital level of care, hospital operator and hospital participation in trauma network, motivation, funding source, condition of funding)...
2017: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210492/well-paid-nurses-are-good-nurses
#12
Alessandro Fedele
Some recent articles suggest that increasing wage in the nursing market with the aim of reducing shortage can negatively impact on the average ability and motivation of applicants attracted and, in turn, on the average quality of care. This finding is at odds with empirical evidence and has been criticized on the grounds that nurses' motivation is modeled in an overly simplistic way. This paper provides a novel theoretical framework where the orientation of nurses' motivation-intrinsic versus extrinsic-is taken into account, and the precise distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is delineated on the basis of self-determination and person-environment fit theories...
December 6, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190538/research-altruism-as-motivation-for-participation-in-community-centered-environmental-health-research
#13
Jennifer S Carrera, Phil Brown, Julia Green Brody, Rachel Morello-Frosch
Protection of human subjects in research typically focuses on extrinsic rather than intrinsic motivations for participation in research. Recent sociological literature on altruism suggests that multiple kinds of altruism exist and are grounded in a sense of connection to common humanity. We interviewed participants in eight community-centered research studies that sampled for endocrine disrupting compounds and that shared research findings with participants. The results of our analysis of participation in these studies indicate that altruistic motivations were commonly held...
November 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178900/social-cognitive-determinants-of-the-tick-check-a-cross-sectional-study-on-self-protective-behavior-in-combatting-lyme-disease
#14
Amy van der Heijden, Bob C Mulder, P Marijn Poortvliet, Arnold J H van Vliet
BACKGROUND: Performing a tick check after visiting nature is considered the most important preventive measure to avoid contracting Lyme disease. Checking the body for ticks after visiting nature is the only measure that can fully guarantee whether one has been bitten by a tick and provides the opportunity to remove the tick as soon as possible, thereby greatly reducing the chance of contracting Lyme disease. However, compliance to performing the tick check is low. In addition, most previous studies on determinants of preventive measures to avoid Lyme disease lack a clear definition and/or operationalization of the term "preventive measures"...
November 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170986/medical-students-intrinsic-versus-extrinsic-motivation-to-engage-in-research-as-preparation-for-residency
#15
Belinda W C Ommering, Friedo W Dekker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159755/emotions-and-cognitions-associated-with-the-stigma-of-non-offending-pedophilia-a-vignette-experiment
#16
Sara Jahnke
Cognitive and affective antecedents of the desire to avoid or punish non-offending pedophilic individuals are not well understood. In this article, we examined the effects of non-offending motivation (internal vs. external) and sexual orientation (pedophilic vs. teleiophilic) on cognitive apprehensions (amorality, dangerousness, abnormality), emotions (fear, anger, disgust), punitive attitudes, and social distance toward a man experiencing a sexually transgressive impulse. A total of 205 U.S.-based MTurk workers were randomly assigned to one of four groups in this 2 × 2 factorial vignette study...
November 20, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151050/physical-activity-in-former-elite-cricketers-and-strategies-for-promoting-physical-activity-after-retirement-from-cricket-a-qualitative-study
#17
Stephanie R Filbay, Felicity L Bishop, Nicholas Peirce, Mary E Jones, Nigel K Arden
OBJECTIVES: The health benefits of professional sport dissipate after retirement unless an active lifestyle is adopted, yet reasons for adopting an active or inactive lifestyle after retirement from sport are poorly understood. Elite cricket is all-encompassing, requiring a high volume of activity and unique physical demands. We aimed to identify influences on physical activity behaviours in active and insufficiently active former elite cricketers and provide practical strategies for promoting physical activity after cricket retirement...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150863/family-behaviours-that-have-an-impact-on-the-self-management-activities-of-adults-living-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis
#18
J Vongmany, T Luckett, L Lam, J L Phillips
AIMS: To identify family behaviours that adults with Type 2 diabetes' perceive as having an impact on their diabetes self-management. BACKGROUND: Research suggests that adults with Type 2 diabetes perceive that family members have an important impact on their self-management; however, it is unclear which family behaviours are perceived to influence self-management practices. METHODS: This meta-synthesis identified and synthesized qualitative studies from the databases EMBASE, Medline and CINAHL published between the year 2000 and October 2016...
November 18, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134055/influence-of-goal-contents-on-exercise-addiction-analysing-the-mediating-effect-of-passion-for-exercise
#19
Álvaro Sicilia, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, María-Jesús Lirola, Rafael Burgueño
Based on the self-determination theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985, 2000), the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of exercise goal contents on exercise addiction, taking into account the mediating effects of passion for exercise. A total of 384 university students (284 men and 100 women; Mage = 20.31, SD = 3.10) completed a questionnaire that measured exercise frequency and intensity, exercise goal contents (e.g. intrinsic: social affiliation, health management, skill development; extrinsic: image and social recognition), passion for exercise (e...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121902/online-or-face-to-face-instruction-a-qualitative-study-on-the-electrocardiogram-course-at-the-university-of-ulm-to-examine-why-students-choose-a-particular-format
#20
Oliver Keis, Claudia Grab, Achim Schneider, Wolfgang Öchsner
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of the e-learning electrocardiogram (ECG) course 'ECG Online' into the curriculum at the University of Ulm, a small but relatively constant number of students have decided not to participate in the online course but to attend the face-to-face course, although the content of both courses is identical. The present study examined why students prefer one format or the other. METHODS: In a qualitative research approach, ten medical students were questioned in a guided interview...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Education
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