keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Extrinsic motivation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906668/an-analysis-of-factors-affecting-mature-age-students-academic-success-in-undergraduate-nursing-programs-a-critical-literature-review
#1
Lisa J Hayden, Sarah Y Jeong, Carol A Norton
The population of mature age students entering university nursing programs has steadily increased in both Australia and worldwide. The objective of the literature review was to explore how mature age students perform academically and to analyse the factors associated with their academic performance in nursing programs. A literature search was conducted in the following databases: CINAHL, ProQuest, Medline, Cochrane, Mosby's Index, Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI), and Scopus. Twenty-six (26) research papers published between 2000 and 2014 have met the selection criteria of this review...
January 1, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899828/pharmacy-educator-motives-to-pursue-pedagogical-knowledge
#2
Patricia Baia, Aimee F Strang
Objective. To investigate motives of pharmacy educators who pursue pedagogical knowledge through professional development programs and to develop a model of motivation to inform future development. Methods. A mixed-methods approach was used to study both qualitative and quantitative data. Written narratives, postmodule quizzes, and survey data were collected during a 5-year period (2010-2014) from pharmacy educators who participated in an online professional development program titled Helping Educators Learn Pedagogy (HELP)...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899732/intrinsic-and-extrinsic-science-a-dialectic-of-scientific-fame
#3
Gregory J Feist
In this article, I argue that scientific fame and impact exists on a continuum from the mundane to the transformative/revolutionary. Ideally, one achieves fame and impact in science by synthesizing two extreme career prototypes: intrinsic and extrinsic research. The former is guided by interest, curiosity, passion, gut, and intuition for important untapped topics. The latter is guided by money, grants, and/or what is being published in top-tier journals. Assessment of fame and impact in science ultimately rests on productivity (publication) and some variation of its impact (citations)...
November 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870424/sex-dependent-differences-in-voluntary-physical-activity
#4
REVIEW
Cheryl S Rosenfeld
Numbers of overweight and obese individuals are increasing in the United States and globally, and, correspondingly, the associated health care costs are rising dramatically. More than one-third of children are currently considered obese with a predisposition to type 2 diabetes, and it is likely that their metabolic conditions will worsen with age. Physical inactivity has also risen to be the leading cause of many chronic, noncommunicable diseases (NCD). Children are more physically inactive now than they were in past decades, which may be due to intrinsic and extrinsic factors...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858999/motivation-strategy-and-english-as-a-foreign-language-vocabulary-learning-a-structural-equation%C3%A2-modelling-study
#5
Yining Zhang, Chin-Hsi Lin, Dongbo Zhang, Yunjeong Choi
BACKGROUND: In spite of considerable advancements in our understanding of the different factors involved in achieving vocabulary-learning success, the overall pattern and interrelationships of critical factors involved in L2 vocabulary learning - particularly, the mechanisms through which learners regulate their motivation and learning strategies - remain unclear. AIMS: This study examined L2 vocabulary learning, focusing on the joint influence of different motivational factors and learning strategies on the vocabulary breadth of adolescent learners of English as a foreign language (EFL) in China...
November 14, 2016: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836238/systematic-review-of-voluntary-participation-in-simulation-based-laparoscopic-skills-training-motivators-and-barriers-for-surgical-trainee-attendance
#6
Hannah Gostlow, Nicholas Marlow, Wendy Babidge, Guy Maddern
OBJECTIVE: To examine and report on evidence relating to surgical trainees' voluntary participation in simulation-based laparoscopic skills training. Specifically, the underlying motivators, enablers, and barriers faced by surgical trainees with regard to attending training sessions on a regular basis. DESIGN: A systematic search of the literature (PubMed; CINAHL; EMBASE; Cochrane Collaboration) was conducted between May and July 2015. Studies were included on whether they reported on surgical trainee attendance at voluntary, simulation-based laparoscopic skills training sessions, in addition to qualitative data regarding participant's perceived barriers and motivators influencing their decision to attend such training...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833807/the-ecology-of-stress-linking-life-history-traits-with-physiological-control-mechanisms-in-free-living-guanacos
#7
Ramiro J A Ovejero Aguilar, Graciela A Jahn, Mauricio Soto-Gamboa, Andrés J Novaro, Pablo Carmanchahi
BACKGROUND: Providing the context for the evolution of life-history traits, habitat features constrain successful ecological and physiological strategies. In vertebrates, a key response to life's challenges is the activation of the Stress (HPA) and Gonadal (HPG) axes. Much of the interest in stress ecology is motivated by the desire to understand the physiological mechanisms in which the environment affects fitness. As reported in the literature, several intrinsic and extrinsic factors affect variability in hormone levels...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768986/nurses-perceptions-of-feedback-to-nursing-teams-on-quality-measurements-an-embedded-case-study-design
#8
A P M Suzanne Giesbers, Roel L J Schouteten, Erik Poutsma, Beatrice I J M van der Heijden, Theo van Achterberg
BACKGROUND: Providing nursing teams with feedback on quality measurements is used as a quality improvement instrument in healthcare organizations worldwide. Previous research indicated contradictory results regarding the effect of such feedback on both nurses' well-being and performance. OBJECTIVES: Building on the Job Demands-Resources model this study explores: (1) whether and how nurses' perceptions of feedback on quality measurements (as a burdening job demand or rather as an intrinsically or extrinsically motivating job resource) are respectively related to nurses' well-being and performance; and (2) whether and how team reflection influences nurses' perceptions...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748557/health-professional-and-community-perspectives-on-reducing-barriers-to-accessing-specialist-health-care-in-metropolitan-aboriginal-communities-a-semi-structured-interview-study
#9
Christian Young, Allison Tong, Hasantha Gunasekera, Simone Sherriff, Deanna Kalucy, Peter Fernando, Jonathan C Craig
AIM: To describe the perspectives of health professionals and communities on an innovative health service delivery project, Hearing EAr health and Language Services (HEALS). HEALS was a government funded initiative to improve access to specialist ear, nose and throat and speech pathology services for Aboriginal families living in metropolitan areas. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 health-care professionals (clinicians, health service managers and Aboriginal health workers) and 16 care givers of children who participated in HEALS...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739068/a-quantitative-review-of-overjustification-effects-in-persons-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#10
Allison Levy, Iser G DeLeon, Catherine K Martinez, Nathalie Fernandez, Nicholas A Gage, Sigurdur Óli Sigurdsson, Michelle A Frank-Crawford
The overjustification hypothesis suggests that extrinsic rewards undermine intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic rewards are common in strengthening behavior in persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities; we examined overjustification effects in this context. A literature search yielded 65 data sets permitting comparison of responding during an initial no-reinforcement phase to a subsequent no-reinforcement phase, separated by a reinforcement phase. We used effect sizes to compare response levels in these two no-reinforcement phases...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731348/motivational-context-for-response-inhibition-influences-proactive-involvement-of-attention
#11
Zachary D Langford, Hanne Schevernels, C Nico Boehler
Motoric inhibition is ingrained in human cognition and implicated in pervasive neurological diseases and disorders. The present electroencephalographic (EEG) study investigated proactive motivational adjustments in attention during response inhibition. We compared go-trial data from a stop-signal task, in which infrequently presented stop-signals required response cancellation without extrinsic incentives ("standard-stop"), to data where a monetary reward was posted on some stop-signals ("rewarded-stop"). A novel EEG analysis was used to directly model the covariation between response time and the attention-related N1 component...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706027/the-role-of-family-in-a-dietary-risk-reduction-intervention-for-cardiovascular-disease
#12
Tracy L Schumacher, Tracy L Burrows, Deborah I Thompson, Robin Callister, Neil J Spratt, Clare E Collins
Diet is an essential strategy for the prevention of primary and secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. The objectives were to examine: how families at increased risk of CVD perceived personal risk, their motivations to make dietary changes, their understanding of diet, and the influence of other family members. Individuals (>18 years) who completed an Australian family-based CVD risk reduction program were invited to a semi-structured telephone interview. Responses were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using a systematic deductive approach with coding derived from key concepts developed as part of the interview structure...
September 30, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704630/genetic-architecture-of-motives-for-leisure-time-physical-activity-a-twin-study
#13
S Aaltonen, J Kaprio, E Vuoksimaa, C Huppertz, U M Kujala, K Silventoinen
The aim of this study was to estimate the contribution of genetic and environmental influences on motives for engaging in leisure-time physical activity. The participants were obtained from the FinnTwin16 study. A modified version of the Recreational Exercise Motivation Measure was used to assess the motives for leisure-time physical activity in 2542 twin individuals (mean age of 34.1 years). Linear structural equation modeling was used to investigate the genetic and environmental influences on motive dimensions...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684790/examining-the-interplay-between-depression-motivation-and-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-a-social-cognitive-approach
#14
A K Tatum, E Houston
A large body of research identifies depressive symptoms as a barrier to optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, whereas treatment motivation has been characterized as a facilitator. There is evidence, however, that these patterns may not hold for some ART patients despite the widespread use of motivational techniques aimed at promoting adherence. Little is known about how the interplay between different levels of depressive symptoms and variations in the types and levels of motivation may influence ART adherence...
August 12, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679656/do-people-s-goals-for-mass-participation-sporting-events-matter-a-self-determination-theory-perspective
#15
S J Coleman, S J Sebire
BACKGROUND: Non-elite mass participation sports events (MPSEs) may hold potential as a physical activity promotion tool. Research into why people participate in these events and what goals they are pursuing is lacking. Grounded in self-determination theory, this study examined the associations between MPSE participants' goals, event experiences and physical activity. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted; pre-event, participants reported their goals for the event...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665198/crowding-out-or-no-crowding-out-a-self-determination-theory-approach-to-health-worker-motivation-in-performance-based-financing
#16
Julia Lohmann, Nathalie Houlfort, Manuela De Allegri
Performance-based financing (PBF) is a common health system reform approach in low and middle income countries at present. Although increasing evidence on the effectiveness of PBF and knowledge of principles of good design are available, research is still lacking in regards to other aspects. Among these are a yet limited understanding of the complex role of health worker motivation in PBF and of potential side effects, for instance on intrinsic motivation. Our article aims to support meaningful future research by advancing the theoretical discussion around health worker motivation and PBF...
September 9, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628718/motivation-to-learn-an-overview-of-contemporary-theories
#17
David A Cook, Anthony R Artino
OBJECTIVE: To succinctly summarise five contemporary theories about motivation to learn, articulate key intersections and distinctions among these theories, and identify important considerations for future research. RESULTS: Motivation has been defined as the process whereby goal-directed activities are initiated and sustained. In expectancy-value theory, motivation is a function of the expectation of success and perceived value. Attribution theory focuses on the causal attributions learners create to explain the results of an activity, and classifies these in terms of their locus, stability and controllability...
October 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620855/motivating-mature-adults-to-be-physically-active
#18
Jennifer L Etnier, William B Karper, Se-Yun Park, Chia-Hao Shih, Aaron T Piepmeier, Laurie Wideman
As a population, middle-aged and older adults are not meeting national guidelines for exercise. The purpose of this study was to describe factors associated with exercise adherence in an 8-month program offered as part of a research study testing the effects of exercise on cognitive performance for persons with a family history of Alzheimer's disease (AD). After completion of the program, participants provided open-ended responses indicating their reasons for adhering to the exercise program, and they completed the Motives for Physical Activities Measure-Revised...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619753/motivation-in-caring-labor-implications-for-the-well-being-and-employment-outcomes-of-nurses
#19
Janette Dill, Rebecca J Erickson, James M Diefendorff
For nurses and other caregivers there is a strong emphasis on prosocial forms of motivation, or doing the job because you want to help others, even in formal, institutionalized care settings. This emphasis is based in gendered assumptions that altruistic motivations are the "right" reasons for being a nurse and lead to the best outcomes for workers and patients. Other motivations for pursuing care work, particularly extrinsic motivation, depart from the prosocial model of care and may be indicative of substandard outcomes, but little research has examined variation in care workers' motivations for doing their jobs...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585808/a-guided-self-help-intervention-targeting-psychological-distress-among-head-and-neck-cancer-and-lung-cancer-patients-motivation-to-start-experiences-and-perceived-outcomes
#20
Anne-Marie H Krebber, Cornelia F van Uden-Kraan, Heleen C Melissant, Pim Cuijpers, Annemieke van Straten, Annemarie Becker-Commissaris, C René Leemans, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
BACKGROUND: Recent results of a randomized clinical trial showed that a guided self-help intervention (based on problem-solving therapy) targeting psychological distress among head and neck cancer and lung cancer patients is effective. This study qualitatively explored motivation to start, experiences with and perceived outcomes of this intervention. METHODS: Data were collected from semi-structured interviews of 16 patients. All interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim...
January 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
keyword
keyword
93844
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"