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Extrinsic motivation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527789/neural-processes-underlying-cultural-differences-in-cognitive-persistence
#1
Eva H Telzer, Yang Qu, Lynda C Lin
Self-improvement motivation, which occurs when individuals seek to improve upon their competence by gaining new knowledge and improving upon their skills, is critical for cognitive, social, and educational adjustment. While many studies have delineated the neural mechanisms supporting extrinsic motivation induced by monetary rewards, less work has examined the neural processes that support intrinsically motivated behaviors, such as self-improvement motivation. Because cultural groups traditionally vary in terms of their self-improvement motivation, we examined cultural differences in the behavioral and neural processes underlying motivated behaviors during cognitive persistence in the absence of extrinsic rewards...
May 17, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486326/the-lived-experience-of-suffering-of-males-after-blunt-trauma-a-phenomenological-study
#2
Louis D Filhour
Using a phenomenological design, the researcher explored the question of what is the experience of suffering as voiced by male patients 7-12 months after hospitalization for blunt trauma. Seventeen male volunteers were interviewed and asked questions about how they suffered, what made their suffering more or less bearable, and how they were transformed through their suffering. Participants experienced changes in patterns resulting in a perception of suffering. Participants reported mostly experiencing physical, emotional, and social forms of suffering, whereas fewer experienced economic and spiritual suffering...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476118/-it-s-like-a-personal-motivator-that-you-carried-around-wi-you-utilising-self-determination-theory-to-understand-men-s-experiences-of-using-pedometers-to-increase-physical-activity-in-a-weight-management-programme
#3
Craig Donnachie, Sally Wyke, Nanette Mutrie, Kate Hunt
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring using pedometers is an effective behaviour change technique to support increased physical activity (PA). However, the ways in which pedometers operate as motivational tools in adoption and maintenance of PA is not well understood. This paper investigates men's experiences of pedometers as motivational tools both during and after their participation in a 12-week group-based, weight management programme for overweight/obese men, Football Fans in Training (FFIT)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472823/what-are-the-prospects-for-citizen-science-in-agriculture-evidence-from-three-continents-on-motivation-and-mobile-telephone-use-of-resource-poor-farmers
#4
Eskender Beza, Jonathan Steinke, Jacob van Etten, Pytrik Reidsma, Carlo Fadda, Sarika Mittra, Prem Mathur, Lammert Kooistra
As the sustainability of agricultural citizen science projects depends on volunteer farmers who contribute their time, energy and skills, understanding their motivation is important to attract and retain participants in citizen science projects. The objectives of this study were to assess 1) farmers' motivations to participate as citizen scientists and 2) farmers' mobile telephone usage. Building on motivational factors identified from previous citizen science studies, a questionnaire based methodology was developed which allowed the analysis of motivational factors and their relation to farmers' characteristics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437121/follow-up-treatment-effects-of-contingency-management-and-motivational-interviewing-on-substance-use-a-meta-analysis
#5
Caitlin S Sayegh, Stanley J Huey, Erica J Zara, Kinnari Jhaveri
Motivation is an integral factor in substance use treatment and long-term recovery. However, it is unclear what role intrinsic and extrinsic motivation play across different treatment modalities. A meta-analysis (N = 84) was performed to estimate the pooled effect size of Motivational Interviewing (MI; primarily targeting intrinsic motivation) and contingency management (CM; primarily targeting extrinsic motivation) at different follow-up periods. Collapsed across all substance types, CM had a significant effect at 3-month follow-up, only...
April 24, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407765/government-supervision-on-quality-of-smoking-cessation-counselling-in-midwifery-practices-a-qualitative-exploration
#6
Sandra F Oude Wesselink, Annemiek Stoopendaal, Vicki Erasmus, Déan Smits, Johan P Mackenbach, Hester F Lingsma, Paul B M Robben
BACKGROUND: The Dutch Healthcare Inspectorate supervises care providers in order to improve quality of care. Recently the inspectorate assessed and promoted the use of a guideline on smoking-cessation counselling in midwifery practices. The supervision programme consisted of an announcement of the enforcement deadline for the guideline and site visits. The purpose of our qualitative study was to identify factors related to guideline adherence after the supervision programme, and investigate whether the programme had helped improve adherence...
April 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394148/intrinsic-motivation-and-organizational-identification-among-on-demand-workers
#7
Kevin W Rockmann, Gary A Ballinger
On-demand firms provide services for clients through a network of on-demand workers ready to complete specific tasks for a set contractual price. Given such on-demand work is defined by payment on short-term contracts with no obligation for continued employment, there is little reason to believe on-demand workers experience more than extrinsic motivation and a transactional relationship with the on-demand firm. However, using self-determination theory, we argue that to the degree that on-demand work fulfills innate psychological needs individual on-demand workers will develop intrinsic motivation, which further leads to organizational identification with the on-demand firm...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362833/are-health-sciences-students-who-sit-at-the-back-of-the-lecture-hall-not-motivated
#8
Sébastien Uffler, Jean-Claude Bartier, Thierry Pelaccia
OBJECTIVES: Motivation is a crucial determinant in learning and performance. It would therefore be advantageous for teachers to use strategies intended to have a positive effect on their students' motivation. With this in mind, the first thing to do is to identify students with motivation problems, which can be a complex exercise when there are large groups. We wanted to explore whether the place chosen by health sciences students in a classroom or lecture hall showed any correlation with their motivation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339368/extrinsic-motives-to-encourage-extracurricular-research-activities-a-reminder-call-to-medical-schools-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Ahmed Abu-Zaid, Leenh O BaHammam, Talal M Hijji, Ismail M Shakir, Abdulaziz M Eshaq, Mohammed Alawadi, Abdulrahman A Al-Khateeb, Tehreem A Khan, Akef Obeidat, Khaled Alkattan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337158/how-not-to-do-a-mindset-intervention-learning-from-a-mindset-intervention-among-students-with-good-grades
#10
Gábor Orosz, Szilvia Péter-Szarka, Beáta Bőthe, István Tóth-Király, Rony Berger
The present study examined the effectiveness of a Growth Mindset intervention based on Dweck et al.'s (1995) theory in the Hungarian educational context. A cluster randomized controlled trial classroom experiment was carried out within the framework of a train-the-trainer intervention among 55 Hungarian 10th grade students with high Grade Point Average (GPA). The results suggest that students' IQ and personality mindset beliefs were more incremental in the intervention group than in the control group 3 weeks after the intervention...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333528/achievement-goal-profiles-among-adolescent-males-and-females
#11
David Litalien, Alexandre J S Morin, Dennis M McInerney
Achievement goal theory has long been a dominant model in the study of student motivation. However, a relatively small number of researchers have investigated gender differences in achievement goals or have considered the possible role that social and extrinsic goals may play in student academic motivation. Adopting a person-centered multiple goals perspective based on personal investment theory, this longitudinal study investigated whether males and females shared similar goal profiles, and whether the predictors (facilitating conditions) and outcomes (learning processes, task perseverance, and future aspirations) of these profiles were equivalent across genders...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327147/medical-student-changes-in-self-regulated-learning-during-the-transition-to-the-clinical-environment
#12
Kenneth K Cho, Brahm Marjadi, Vicki Langendyk, Wendy Hu
BACKGROUND: Self-regulated learning (SRL), which is learners' ability to proactively select and use different strategies to reach learning goals, is associated with academic and clinical success and life-long learning. SRL does not develop automatically in the clinical environment and its development during the preclinical to clinical learning transition has not been quantitatively studied. Our study aims to fill this gap by measuring SRL in medical students during the transitional period and examining its contributing factors...
March 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326055/does-identity-incompatibility-lead-to-disidentification-internal-motivation-to-be-a-group-member-acts-as-buffer-for-sojourners-from-independent-cultures-whereas-external-motivation-acts-as-buffer-for-sojourners-from-interdependent-cultures
#13
Christina Matschke, Jennifer Fehr
Most individuals possess more than one relevant social identity, but these social identities can be more or less incompatible. Research has demonstrated that incompatibility between an established social identity and a potential new social identity impedes the integration into the new group. We argue that incompatibility is a strong risk factor for disidentification, i.e., a negative self-defining relation to a relevant group. The current research investigates the impact of incompatibilities on disidentification in the acculturation context...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295744/contributing-factors-for-therapeutic-diet-adherence-in-patients-receiving-haemodialysis-treatment-an-integrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Lissete González Oquendo, José Miguel Morales Asencio, Candela Bonill de Las Nieves
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this integrative review is to identify the factors that contribute to diet adherence in people suffering from kidney disease who are receiving haemodialysis treatment. BACKGROUND: Adherence to the therapeutic regimen determines therapeutic success, quality of life, and survival in patients on haemodialysis. Lack of diet adherence ranges from 25 to 86% in patients receiving haemodialysis treatment and affects patient morbidity and mortality...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289014/addressing-the-crisis-of-gp-recruitment-and-retention-a-systematic-review
#15
Catherine Marchand, Stephen Peckham
BACKGROUND: The numbers of GPs and training places in general practice are declining, and retaining GPs in their practices is an increasing problem. AIM: To identify evidence on different approaches to retention and recruitment of GPs, such as intrinsic versus extrinsic motivational determinants. DESIGN AND SETTING: Synthesis of qualitative and quantitative research using seven electronic databases from 1990 onwards (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Health Management Information Consortium [HMIC], Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), PsycINFO, and the Turning Research Into Practice [TRIP] database)...
March 13, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260407/doctor-patient-relationships-dpr-in-china
#16
Shaozhuang Ma, Xuehu Xu, Virginia Trigo, Nelson J C Ramalho
Purpose The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to develop and test theory on how commitment human resource (HR) practices affect hospital professionals' job satisfaction that motivates them to generate desirable patient care and subsequently improve doctor-patient relationships (DPR) and second, to examine how commitment HR practices influence hospital managers and clinicians in different ways. Design/methodology/approach Using a cross-sectional survey, the authors collected data from 508 clinicians and hospital managers from 33 tertiary public hospitals in China...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237049/treatment-motivation-among-caregivers-and-adolescents-with-substance-use-disorders
#17
T Cornelius, V A Earnshaw, D Menino, L M Bogart, S Levy
Substance use disorders (SUDs) in adolescence have negative long-term health effects, which can be mitigated through successful treatment. Caregivers play a central role in adolescent treatment involvement; however, studies have not examined treatment motivation and pressures to enter treatment in caregiver/adolescent dyads. Research suggests that internally motivated treatment (in contrast to coerced treatment) tends to lead to better outcomes. We used Self-determination theory (SDT) to examine intersecting motivational narratives among caregivers and adolescents in SUD treatment...
April 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231261/a-natural-user-interface-to-integrate-citizen-science-and-physical-exercise
#18
Eduardo Palermo, Jeffrey Laut, Oded Nov, Paolo Cappa, Maurizio Porfiri
Citizen science enables volunteers to contribute to scientific projects, where massive data collection and analysis are often required. Volunteers participate in citizen science activities online from their homes or in the field and are motivated by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Here, we investigated the possibility of integrating citizen science tasks within physical exercises envisaged as part of a potential rehabilitation therapy session. The citizen science activity entailed environmental mapping of a polluted body of water using a miniature instrumented boat, which was remotely controlled by the participants through their physical gesture tracked by a low-cost markerless motion capture system...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197098/in-vitro-antiproliferative-and-apoptosis-inducing-effect-of-allium-atroviolaceum-bulb-extract-on-breast-cervical-and-liver-cancer-cells
#19
Somayeh Khazaei, Norhaizan M Esa, Vasudevan Ramachandran, Roslida A Hamid, Ashok K Pandurangan, Ali Etemad, Patimah Ismail
Natural products are considered potent sources for novel drug discovery and development. The multiple therapeutic effects of natural compounds in traditional medicine motivate us to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of bulb of Allium atroviolaceum in MCF7 and MDA-MB-231, HeLa and HepG2 cell lines. The bulb methanol extract of A. atroviolaceum was found to be an active cell proliferation inhibitor at the time and dose dependent manner. Determination of DNA content by flow cytometry demonstrated S and G2/M phase arrest of MCF-7 cell, correlated to Cdk1 downregulation, S phase arrest in MDA-MB-231 which is p53 and Cdk1-dependent, sub-G0 cell cycle arrest in HeLa aligned with Cdk1 downregulation, G0/G1, S, G2/M phase arrest in HepG2 which is p53-dependent...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185338/distinguishing-subtypes-of-extrinsic-motivation-among-people-with-mild-to-borderline-intellectual-disability
#20
N Frielink, C Schuengel, P Embregts
BACKGROUND: According to self-determination theory, motivation is ordered in types, including amotivation, extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation. Self-determination theory defines four subtypes of extrinsic motivation: external motivation, introjected motivation, identified motivation and integrated motivation. Although it has been argued theoretically that the different types of motivation are universally applicable, Reid et al. () proposed a dichotomy of broad subtypes of extrinsic motivation for people with intellectual disability (ID) due to their cognitive limitations...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
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