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Extrinsic motivation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645841/how-do-self-interest-and-other-need-interact-in-the-brain-to-determine-altruistic-behavior
#1
Jie Hu, Yue Li, Yunlu Yin, Philip R Blue, Hongbo Yu, Xiaolin Zhou
Altruistic behavior, i.e., promoting the welfare of others at a cost to oneself, is subserved by the integration of various social, affective, and economic factors represented in extensive brain regions. However, it is unclear how different regions interact to process/integrate information regarding the helper's interest and recipient's need when deciding whether to behave altruistically. Here we combined an interactive game with functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to characterize the neural network underlying the processing/integration of self-interest and other-need...
June 20, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609143/use-of-videoconferencing-for-lactation-consultation-an-online-cross-sectional-survey-of-mothers-acceptance-in-the-united-states
#2
Mona F Habibi, Cary M Springer, Marsha L Spence, Melissa B Hansen-Petrik, Katherine F Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal breastfeeding duration and exclusivity rates are a public health concern. Therefore, there is a need for identifying effective tools for use in interventions targeting specific barriers to optimal breastfeeding outcomes. Research aim: This study aimed to assess the relationship between acceptance of remote lactation consultation using videoconferencing and (a) maternal demographic factors, (b) technology acceptance subscales, (c) maternal learning style preferences, and (d) other potentially explanatory maternal factors...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601435/contrasting-approaches-to-primary-care-performance-governance-in-denmark-and-new-zealand
#3
REVIEW
Tim Tenbensel, Viola Burau
In high-income countries, the arena of primary health care is becoming increasingly subject to 'performance governance' - the harnessing of performance information to the broader task of governance. Primary care presents many governance challenges because it is predominantly provided by sole practitioners or small organisations. In this article we compare Denmark and New Zealand, two small countries with tax-funded health systems which have adopted quite different instruments for performance governance in primary care...
June 2, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597222/development-and-preliminary-validation-of-a-new-measure-of-values-in-scientific-work
#4
Tammy English, Alison L Antes, Kari A Baldwin, James M DuBois
In this paper we describe the development and initial psychometric evaluation of a new measure, the values in scientific work (VSW). This scale assesses the level of importance that investigators attach to different VSW. It taps a broad range of intrinsic, extrinsic, and social values that motivate the work of scientists, including values specific to scientific work (e.g., truth and integrity) and more classic work values (e.g., security and prestige) in the context of science. Notably, the values represented in this scale are relevant to scientists regardless of their career stage and research focus...
June 8, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590883/what-s-in-a-name-group-fitness-class-names-and-women-s-reasons-for-exercising
#5
Theresa C Brown, Bridget M Miller, Bailey M Adams
The benefits of intrinsic exercise motivation are well recognized, yet extrinsically focused group-fitness class names/descriptions dominate the fitness industry. To explore the impact of how fitness classes are marketed, women (N = 389) were asked to indicate their preference for either intrinsically or extrinsically focused fitness classes based on title/description. Participants who favored intrinsic class names/descriptions were more likely to report greater interest/enjoyment, perceived competence, and greater effort and report exercising for health/fitness-related reasons...
April 2017: Health Marketing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588985/how-did-rapid-scale-up-of-hiv-services-impact-on-workplace-and-interpersonal-trust-in-zambian-primary-health-centres-a-case-based-health-systems-analysis
#6
Stephanie M Topp, Julien M Chipukuma
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, large amounts of funding continue to be directed towards HIV-specific care and treatment, often with claims of 'health system strengthening' effect. Such claims rarely account for the impact on human relationships and decisions that are core to functional health systems. This research examined how establishment of externally funded HIV services influenced trusting relationships in Zambian health centres. METHODS: An in-depth, multicase study included four health centres selected for urban, peri-urban and rural characteristics...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586257/the-impact-of-specialized-telephonic-guides-on-employee-engagement-in-corporate-well-being-programs
#7
Nicholas L Boerger, Nathan A Barleen, Mary L Marzec, Daniel P Moloney, Jeff Dobro
Employer-sponsored well-being programs have been growing in popularity as a means to control rising health care costs and increase workplace productivity. Engagement by employees is necessary for these programs to achieve their desired effects. Extrinsic motivators in the form of incentives and surcharges are commonly introduced by employer program sponsors to promote meaningful engagement. Although these may be successful in achieving a degree of engagement, individuals benefit by being intrinsically motivated as they modify behaviors and improve short- and long-term well-being...
June 6, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583973/solving-disparities-through-payment-and-delivery-system-reform-a-program-to-achieve-health-equity
#8
Rachel H DeMeester, Lucy J Xu, Robert S Nocon, Scott C Cook, Andrea M Ducas, Marshall H Chin
Payment systems generally do not directly encourage or support the reduction of health disparities. In 2013 the Finding Answers: Solving Disparities through Payment and Delivery System Reform program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation sought to understand how alternative payment models might intentionally incorporate a disparities-reduction component to promote health equity. A qualitative analysis of forty proposals to the program revealed that applicants generally did not link payment reform tightly to disparities reduction...
June 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566987/evaluating-motivation-for-the-use-of-an-electronic-health-record-simulation-game
#9
Alexander McLeod, Barbara Hewitt, David Gibbs, Caitlin Kristof
Experiential learning via simulation offers a variety of benefits including reduced risks, repetitive exposure, and mastery of complex processes. How to motivate people to engage in and enjoy playing games is an important concept in the creation of serious games focused on learning new skills. This study sought to determine the motivators that increase users' pleasurable experience when playing an electronic health record simulation game. To examine how intrinsic and extrinsic motivation affected both engagement and enjoyment, we surveyed students of health professions at one university...
2017: Perspectives in Health Information Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543630/preliminary-validation-of-the-perceived-locus-of-causality-scale-for-academic-motivation-in-the-context-of-university-studies-ploc-u
#10
Manuel Sánchez de Miguel, Izarne Lizaso, Daniel Hermosilla, Carlos-Maria Alcover, Marios Goudas, Enrique Arranz-Freijó
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that self-determination theory can be useful in the study of motivation in sport and other forms of physical activity. The Perceived Locus of Causality (PLOC) scale was originally designed to study both. AIM: The current research presents and validates the new PLOC-U scale to measure academic motivation in the university context. We tested levels of self-determination before and after academic examinations. Also, we analysed degree of internalization of extrinsic motivation in students' practical activities...
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536062/a-systematic-review-of-gamification-in-e-health
#11
REVIEW
Lamyae Sardi, Ali Idri, José Luis Fernández-Alemán
Gamification is a relatively new trend that focuses on applying game mechanics to non-game contexts in order to engage audiences and to inject a little fun into mundane activities besides generating motivational and cognitive benefits. While many fields such as Business, Marketing and e-Learning have taken advantage of the potential of gamification, the digital healthcare domain has also started to exploit this emerging trend. This paper aims to summarize the current knowledge regarding gamified e-Health applications...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527789/neural-processes-underlying-cultural-differences-in-cognitive-persistence
#12
Eva H Telzer, Yang Qu, Lynda C Lin
Self-improvement motivation, which occurs when individuals seek to improve upon their competence by gaining new knowledge and improving upon their skills, is critical for cognitive, social, and educational adjustment. While many studies have delineated the neural mechanisms supporting extrinsic motivation induced by monetary rewards, less work has examined the neural processes that support intrinsically motivated behaviors, such as self-improvement motivation. Because cultural groups traditionally vary in terms of their self-improvement motivation, we examined cultural differences in the behavioral and neural processes underlying motivated behaviors during cognitive persistence in the absence of extrinsic rewards...
May 17, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486326/the-lived-experience-of-suffering-of-males-after-blunt-trauma-a-phenomenological-study
#13
Louis D Filhour
Using a phenomenological design, the researcher explored the question of what is the experience of suffering as voiced by male patients 7-12 months after hospitalization for blunt trauma. Seventeen male volunteers were interviewed and asked questions about how they suffered, what made their suffering more or less bearable, and how they were transformed through their suffering. Participants experienced changes in patterns resulting in a perception of suffering. Participants reported mostly experiencing physical, emotional, and social forms of suffering, whereas fewer experienced economic and spiritual suffering...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476118/-it-s-like-a-personal-motivator-that-you-carried-around-wi-you-utilising-self-determination-theory-to-understand-men-s-experiences-of-using-pedometers-to-increase-physical-activity-in-a-weight-management-programme
#14
Craig Donnachie, Sally Wyke, Nanette Mutrie, Kate Hunt
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring using pedometers is an effective behaviour change technique to support increased physical activity (PA). However, the ways in which pedometers operate as motivational tools in adoption and maintenance of PA is not well understood. This paper investigates men's experiences of pedometers as motivational tools both during and after their participation in a 12-week group-based, weight management programme for overweight/obese men, Football Fans in Training (FFIT)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472823/what-are-the-prospects-for-citizen-science-in-agriculture-evidence-from-three-continents-on-motivation-and-mobile-telephone-use-of-resource-poor-farmers
#15
Eskender Beza, Jonathan Steinke, Jacob van Etten, Pytrik Reidsma, Carlo Fadda, Sarika Mittra, Prem Mathur, Lammert Kooistra
As the sustainability of agricultural citizen science projects depends on volunteer farmers who contribute their time, energy and skills, understanding their motivation is important to attract and retain participants in citizen science projects. The objectives of this study were to assess 1) farmers' motivations to participate as citizen scientists and 2) farmers' mobile telephone usage. Building on motivational factors identified from previous citizen science studies, a questionnaire based methodology was developed which allowed the analysis of motivational factors and their relation to farmers' characteristics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437121/follow-up-treatment-effects-of-contingency-management-and-motivational-interviewing-on-substance-use-a-meta-analysis
#16
Caitlin S Sayegh, Stanley J Huey, Erica J Zara, Kinnari Jhaveri
Motivation is an integral factor in substance use treatment and long-term recovery. However, it is unclear what role intrinsic and extrinsic motivation play across different treatment modalities. A meta-analysis (N = 84) was performed to estimate the pooled effect size of Motivational Interviewing (MI; primarily targeting intrinsic motivation) and contingency management (CM; primarily targeting extrinsic motivation) at different follow-up periods. Collapsed across all substance types, CM had a significant effect at 3-month follow-up, only...
April 24, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407765/government-supervision-on-quality-of-smoking-cessation-counselling-in-midwifery-practices-a-qualitative-exploration
#17
Sandra F Oude Wesselink, Annemiek Stoopendaal, Vicki Erasmus, Déan Smits, Johan P Mackenbach, Hester F Lingsma, Paul B M Robben
BACKGROUND: The Dutch Healthcare Inspectorate supervises care providers in order to improve quality of care. Recently the inspectorate assessed and promoted the use of a guideline on smoking-cessation counselling in midwifery practices. The supervision programme consisted of an announcement of the enforcement deadline for the guideline and site visits. The purpose of our qualitative study was to identify factors related to guideline adherence after the supervision programme, and investigate whether the programme had helped improve adherence...
April 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394148/intrinsic-motivation-and-organizational-identification-among-on-demand-workers
#18
Kevin W Rockmann, Gary A Ballinger
On-demand firms provide services for clients through a network of on-demand workers ready to complete specific tasks for a set contractual price. Given such on-demand work is defined by payment on short-term contracts with no obligation for continued employment, there is little reason to believe on-demand workers experience more than extrinsic motivation and a transactional relationship with the on-demand firm. However, using self-determination theory, we argue that to the degree that on-demand work fulfills innate psychological needs individual on-demand workers will develop intrinsic motivation, which further leads to organizational identification with the on-demand firm...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362833/are-health-sciences-students-who-sit-at-the-back-of-the-lecture-hall-not-motivated
#19
Sébastien Uffler, Jean-Claude Bartier, Thierry Pelaccia
OBJECTIVES: Motivation is a crucial determinant in learning and performance. It would therefore be advantageous for teachers to use strategies intended to have a positive effect on their students' motivation. With this in mind, the first thing to do is to identify students with motivation problems, which can be a complex exercise when there are large groups. We wanted to explore whether the place chosen by health sciences students in a classroom or lecture hall showed any correlation with their motivation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339368/extrinsic-motives-to-encourage-extracurricular-research-activities-a-reminder-call-to-medical-schools-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Ahmed Abu-Zaid, Leenh O BaHammam, Talal M Hijji, Ismail M Shakir, Abdulaziz M Eshaq, Mohammed Alawadi, Abdulrahman A Al-Khateeb, Tehreem A Khan, Akef Obeidat, Khaled Alkattan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
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