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Intrinsic motivation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632240/body-related-shame-and-guilt-predict-physical-activity-in-breast-cancer-survivors-over-time
#1
Andrée L Castonguay, Carsten Wrosch, Eva Pila, Catherine M Sabiston
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To test body-related shame and guilt as predictors of breast cancer survivors' (BCS') moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) during six months and to examine motivational regulations as mediators of this association.
. DESIGN: Prospective study.
. SETTING: Survivors were recruited through advertisements and oncologist referrals from medical clinics and hospitals in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 149 female BCS...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622007/starting-off-on-the-best-foot-a-review-of-message-framing-and-message-tailoring-and-recommendations-for-the-comprehensive-messaging-strategy-for-sustained-behavior-change
#2
J Paige Pope, Luc Pelletier, Camille Guertin
Health promotion programs represent a salient means through which physical activity promoters can cultivate positive health behavior change and maintenance. The messages communicated within these programs serve as an essential component as they are often used to convey valuable information, resources, or tools that facilitate health behavior initiation and sustained engagement. Identifying the most effective way to communicate health promotion information is, therefore, of considerable importance to ensuring that people not only attend to these messages, but also connect with and internalize the information conveyed within them...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612215/the-role-of-financial-incentives-along-the-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-continuum-a-qualitative-sub-study-of-the-hptn-065-tlc-plus-study
#3
Elizabeth E Tolley, Jamilah Taylor, Allison Pack, Elizabeth Greene, Jill Stanton, Victoria Shelus, Richard Dunner, Theo Hodge, Bernard Branson, Wafaa M El-Sadr, Theresa Gamble
The stages of change (SOC) theory suggests individuals adapt incrementally to behaviors like adherence, requiring different strategies over the behavior change continuum. Offering financial incentives (FIs) is one strategy to motivate adherence. This qualitative sub-study examined adherence barriers and the role of FIs to increase viral suppression (VS) among HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 065 study participants categorized into SOC-related adherence stages based on changes from baseline to follow-up viral load tests...
June 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609143/use-of-videoconferencing-for-lactation-consultation-an-online-cross-sectional-survey-of-mothers-acceptance-in-the-united-states
#4
Mona F Habibi, Cary M Springer, Marsha L Spence, Melissa B Hansen-Petrik, Katherine F Kavanagh
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal breastfeeding duration and exclusivity rates are a public health concern. Therefore, there is a need for identifying effective tools for use in interventions targeting specific barriers to optimal breastfeeding outcomes. Research aim: This study aimed to assess the relationship between acceptance of remote lactation consultation using videoconferencing and (a) maternal demographic factors, (b) technology acceptance subscales, (c) maternal learning style preferences, and (d) other potentially explanatory maternal factors...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607954/latent-profile-analysis-of-students-motivation-and-outcomes-in-mathematics-an-organismic-integration-theory-perspective
#5
Chee Keng John Wang, Woon Chia Liu, Youyan Nie, Yen Leng Stefanie Chye, Boon San Coral Lim, Gregory Arief Liem, Eng Guan Tay, Ying-Yi Hong, Chi-Yue Chiu
The purpose of the current study was to identify the motivation profiles at the intraindividual level using a latent profile analyses (LPA) approach. A total of 1151 secondary school students aged 13 to 17 years old from Singapore took part in the study. Using LPA, four distinct motivational profiles were identified based on four motivation regulations. Profile 1 has very low introjected and low autonomous motivation (6% of sample). Profile 2 had high external and identified regulations and very low intrinsic regulation (10%)...
May 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601435/contrasting-approaches-to-primary-care-performance-governance-in-denmark-and-new-zealand
#6
REVIEW
Tim Tenbensel, Viola Burau
In high-income countries, the arena of primary health care is becoming increasingly subject to 'performance governance' - the harnessing of performance information to the broader task of governance. Primary care presents many governance challenges because it is predominantly provided by sole practitioners or small organisations. In this article we compare Denmark and New Zealand, two small countries with tax-funded health systems which have adopted quite different instruments for performance governance in primary care...
June 2, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601101/physical-activity-and-quit-motivation-moderators-of-adolescent-smoking-reduction
#7
Melissa D Blank, Kaitlyn A Ferris, Aaron Metzger, Amy Gentzler, Christina Duncan, Traci Jarrett, Geri Dino
OBJECTIVES: We examined participant characteristics as moderators of adolescents' smoking cessation outcomes as a function of intervention: Not-on-Tobacco (N-O-T), N-O-T with a physical activity (PA) module (N-O-T+FIT), or Brief Intervention (BI). METHODS: We randomly assigned youth (N = 232) recruited from public high schools to an intervention, and measured their baseline levels of PA and motivation to quit. The number of cigarettes/day for weekdays and weekends was obtained at baseline and 3-month follow-up...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597222/development-and-preliminary-validation-of-a-new-measure-of-values-in-scientific-work
#8
Tammy English, Alison L Antes, Kari A Baldwin, James M DuBois
In this paper we describe the development and initial psychometric evaluation of a new measure, the values in scientific work (VSW). This scale assesses the level of importance that investigators attach to different VSW. It taps a broad range of intrinsic, extrinsic, and social values that motivate the work of scientists, including values specific to scientific work (e.g., truth and integrity) and more classic work values (e.g., security and prestige) in the context of science. Notably, the values represented in this scale are relevant to scientists regardless of their career stage and research focus...
June 8, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595490/the-protective-effect-of-pregnancy-on-risk-for-drug-abuse-a-population-co-relative-co-spouse-and-within-individual-analysis
#9
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Dace S Svikis, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to determine whether pregnancy is an intrinsic motivator for cessation of drug abuse. METHOD: The authors conducted prospective cohort, co-relative, co-spouse, and within-person analyses of registration for drug abuse during pregnancy among Swedish women born between 1980 and 1990 who gave birth between ages 20 and 35 (N=149,512). Drug abuse was assessed from medical, criminal, and pharmacy registries. RESULTS: In the population, rates of drug abuse were lower during pregnancy (unadjusted odds ratio=0...
June 9, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590883/what-s-in-a-name-group-fitness-class-names-and-women-s-reasons-for-exercising
#10
Theresa C Brown, Bridget M Miller, Bailey M Adams
The benefits of intrinsic exercise motivation are well recognized, yet extrinsically focused group-fitness class names/descriptions dominate the fitness industry. To explore the impact of how fitness classes are marketed, women (N = 389) were asked to indicate their preference for either intrinsically or extrinsically focused fitness classes based on title/description. Participants who favored intrinsic class names/descriptions were more likely to report greater interest/enjoyment, perceived competence, and greater effort and report exercising for health/fitness-related reasons...
April 2017: Health Marketing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589963/exposure-to-the-abused-inhalant-toluene-alters-medial-prefrontal-cortex-physiology
#11
Wesley N Wayman, John J Woodward
Inhalants, including toluene, target the addiction neurocircuitry and are often one of the first drugs of abuse tried by adolescents. The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is involved in regulating goal-directed/reward-motivated behaviors and different mPFC sub-regions have been proposed to promote (prelimbic, PRL) or inhibit (infralimbic, IL) these behaviors. While this dichotomy has been studied in the context of other drugs of abuse, it is not known whether toluene exposure differentially affects neurons within PRL and IL regions...
June 7, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588985/how-did-rapid-scale-up-of-hiv-services-impact-on-workplace-and-interpersonal-trust-in-zambian-primary-health-centres-a-case-based-health-systems-analysis
#12
Stephanie M Topp, Julien M Chipukuma
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, large amounts of funding continue to be directed towards HIV-specific care and treatment, often with claims of 'health system strengthening' effect. Such claims rarely account for the impact on human relationships and decisions that are core to functional health systems. This research examined how establishment of externally funded HIV services influenced trusting relationships in Zambian health centres. METHODS: An in-depth, multicase study included four health centres selected for urban, peri-urban and rural characteristics...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586257/the-impact-of-specialized-telephonic-guides-on-employee-engagement-in-corporate-well-being-programs
#13
Nicholas L Boerger, Nathan A Barleen, Mary L Marzec, Daniel P Moloney, Jeff Dobro
Employer-sponsored well-being programs have been growing in popularity as a means to control rising health care costs and increase workplace productivity. Engagement by employees is necessary for these programs to achieve their desired effects. Extrinsic motivators in the form of incentives and surcharges are commonly introduced by employer program sponsors to promote meaningful engagement. Although these may be successful in achieving a degree of engagement, individuals benefit by being intrinsically motivated as they modify behaviors and improve short- and long-term well-being...
June 6, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583973/solving-disparities-through-payment-and-delivery-system-reform-a-program-to-achieve-health-equity
#14
Rachel H DeMeester, Lucy J Xu, Robert S Nocon, Scott C Cook, Andrea M Ducas, Marshall H Chin
Payment systems generally do not directly encourage or support the reduction of health disparities. In 2013 the Finding Answers: Solving Disparities through Payment and Delivery System Reform program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation sought to understand how alternative payment models might intentionally incorporate a disparities-reduction component to promote health equity. A qualitative analysis of forty proposals to the program revealed that applicants generally did not link payment reform tightly to disparities reduction...
June 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582479/restless-rest-intrinsic-sensory-hyperactivity-and-disinhibition-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Kevin Clancy, Mingzhou Ding, Edward Bernat, Norman B Schmidt, Wen Li
Post-traumatic stress disorder is characterized by exaggerated threat response, and theoretical accounts to date have focused on impaired threat processing and dysregulated prefrontal-cortex-amygdala circuitry. Nevertheless, evidence is accruing for broad, threat-neutral sensory hyperactivity in post-traumatic stress disorder. As low-level, sensory processing impacts higher-order operations, such sensory anomalies can contribute to widespread dysfunctions, presenting an additional aetiological mechanism for post-traumatic stress disorder...
June 3, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571017/can-we-better-integrate-the-role-of-anti-doping-in-sports-and-society-a-psychological-approach-to-contemporary-value-based-prevention
#16
Andrea Petróczi, Paul Norman, Sebastian Brueckner
In sport, a wide array of substances with established or putative performance-enhancing properties is used. Most substances are fully acceptable, whilst a defined set, revised annually, is prohibited; thus, using any of these prohibited substances is declared as cheating. In the increasingly tolerant culture of pharmacological and technical human enhancements, the traditional normative approach to anti-doping, which involves telling athletes what they cannot do to improve their athletic ability and performance, diverges from the otherwise positive values attached to human improvement and enhancement in society...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566987/evaluating-motivation-for-the-use-of-an-electronic-health-record-simulation-game
#17
Alexander McLeod, Barbara Hewitt, David Gibbs, Caitlin Kristof
Experiential learning via simulation offers a variety of benefits including reduced risks, repetitive exposure, and mastery of complex processes. How to motivate people to engage in and enjoy playing games is an important concept in the creation of serious games focused on learning new skills. This study sought to determine the motivators that increase users' pleasurable experience when playing an electronic health record simulation game. To examine how intrinsic and extrinsic motivation affected both engagement and enjoyment, we surveyed students of health professions at one university...
2017: Perspectives in Health Information Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558625/the-effects-of-writing-anxiety-and-motivation-on-efl-college-students-self-evaluative-judgments-of-corrective-feedback
#18
Jui-Jung Tsao, Wen-Ta Tseng, Chaochang Wang
Feedback is regarded as a way to foster students' motivation and to ensure linguistic accuracy. However, mixed findings are reported in the research on written corrective feedback because of its multifaceted nature and its correlations with learners' individual differences. It is necessary, therefore, to conduct further research on corrective feedback from the student's perspective and to examine how individual differences in terms of factors such as writing anxiety and motivation predict learners' self-evaluative judgments of both teacher-corrected and peer-corrected feedback...
April 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555554/-graduate-students-in-medicine-course-motivation-socialization-and-academic-recognition
#19
Cristina Magalhães-Alves, Joselina Barbosa, Laura Ribeiro, Maria Amélia Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Students with a previous degree have personal and professional experiences that can contribute to a different academic path during the medical course. This study aims to: 1) analyze both satisfaction and impact of academic recognition; 2) investigate whether motivations and expectations at entrance are maintained along the course; 3) to evaluate socialization after regress to higher education. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To accomplish the first objective a questionnaire was administered to 82 students who entered the medical school from 2011/2012 to 2013/2014...
April 28, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555551/-economic-crisis-and-portuguese-national-health-service-physicians-findings-from-a-descriptive-study-of-their-perceptions-and-reactions-from-health-care-units-in-the-greater-lisbon-area
#20
Inês Rego, Giuliano Russo, Luzia Gonçalves, Julian Perelman, Pedro Pita Barros
INTRODUCTION: In Europe, scant scientific evidence exists on the impact of economic crisis on physicians. This study aims at understanding the adjustments made by public sector physicians to the changing conditions, and their perceptions on the market for medical services in the Lisbon metropolitan area. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A random sample of 484 physicians from São José Hospital and health center groups in Cascais and Amadora, to explore their perceptions of the economic crisis, and the changes brought to their workload...
April 28, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
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