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Intrinsic motivation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772599/a-contextual-work-life-experiences-model-to-understand-nurse-commitment-and-turnover
#1
Dilmi Aluwihare-Samaranayake, Ian Gellatly, Greta Cummings, Linda Ogilvie
AIMS: To present a discussion and model depicting most effecting work life experience contextual factors that influence commitment and turnover intentions for nurses in Sri Lanka. BACKGROUND: Increasing demand for nurses has made the retention of experienced, qualified nursing staff a priority for health care organizations and highlights the need to capture contextual work-life experiences that influence nurses' turnover decisions. DESIGN: Discussion paper...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771568/it-s-about-time-earlier-rewards-increase-intrinsic-motivation
#2
Kaitlin Woolley, Ayelet Fishbach
Can immediate (vs. delayed) rewards increase intrinsic motivation? Prior research compared the presence versus absence of rewards. By contrast, this research compared immediate versus delayed rewards, predicting that more immediate rewards increase intrinsic motivation by creating a perceptual fusion between the activity and its goal (i.e., the reward). In support of the hypothesis, framing a reward from watching a news program as more immediate (vs. delayed) increased intrinsic motivation to watch the program (Study 1), and receiving more immediate bonus (vs...
June 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765258/psychological-interventions-for-behavioral-adjustments-in-diabetes-care-a-value-based-approach-to-disease-control
#3
REVIEW
Boon-How Chew, Aaron Fernandez, Sazlina Shariff-Ghazali
Psychological aspects of a person, such as the personal value and belief systems, cognition and emotion, form the basis of human health behaviors, which, in turn, influence self-management, self-efficacy, quality of life, disease control and clinical outcomes in people with chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. However, psychological, psychosocial and behavioral interventions aimed at these groups of patients have yielded inconsistent effects in terms of clinical outcomes in clinical trials. This might have been due to differing conceptualization of health behavioral theories and models in the interventions...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764630/faculty-motivations-to-use-active-learning-among-pharmacy-educators
#4
Nicole Rockich-Winston, Brian C Train, Michael J Rudolph, Chris Gillette
INTRODUCTION: Faculty motivations to use active learning have been limited to surveys evaluating faculty perceptions within active learning studies. Our objective in this study was to evaluate the relationship between faculty intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and demographic variables and the extent of active learning use in the classroom. METHODS: An online survey was administered to individual faculty members at 137 colleges and schools of pharmacy across the United States...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763835/predictors-of-reduced-smoking-quantity-among-recovering-alcohol-dependent-men-in-a-smoking-cessation-trial
#5
Matthew J Worley, Melodie Isgro, Jaimee L Heffner, Soo Yong Lee, Belinda E Daniel, Robert M Anthenelli
INTRODUCTION: Adults with alcohol dependence (AD) have exceptionally high smoking rates and poor smoking cessation outcomes. Discovery of factors that predict reduced smoking among AD smokers may help improve treatment. This study examined baseline predictors of smoking quantity among AD smokers in a pharmacotherapy trial for smoking cessation. METHODS: The sample includes male, AD smokers (N = 129) with 1-32 months of alcohol abstinence who participated in a 12-week trial of medication (topiramate vs...
May 9, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757074/differences-in-screening-and-treatment-for-antepartum-versus-postpartum-patients-are-providers-implementing-the-guidelines-of-care-for-perinatal-depression
#6
Gina L Fedock, Carmen Alvarez
BACKGROUND: National guidelines recommend universal depression screening for perinatal patients and provide treatment recommendations to prevent adverse maternal/child health outcomes. However, providers rarely screen all patients, and most women with perinatal depression remain undertreated. This study investigated predictors of universal screening and guideline-congruent care for perinatal depression by obstetrician-gynecologists and examined differences in practices with pregnant and postpartum patients...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754105/motivational-factors-influencing-nurses-to-undertake-postgraduate-hospital-based-education
#7
Danny Kinsella, Margaret Fry, Alison Zecchin
Specialist postgraduate education improves patient health outcomes, and assists in meeting the emerging specialisation of nursing practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the motivational factors that influence nurses' engagement with hospital-based postgraduate education. The research design was descriptive and exploratory, using a survey method. The survey consisted of demographic details, the Participation Reasons Scale (PRS) and open-ended questions. Thirty-four participants (100%) completed the survey...
May 1, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751432/reconceptualizing-inrm-in-understanding-environmental-risks-from-food-production-systems
#8
Chitra Pandey, Hema Diwan
Sustainable agri-development is composed of soil fertility maintenance, nutrient use efficiency and resource use efficiency. In this regard, the present study aims to address the complex dynamics of farm-soil and the water nexus for integrated natural resource management by understanding the fertilizer use decision of farmers. In addition to the monitoring of soil quality parameters, that is, the total nitrogen and nitrate concentrations, factor analysis was used to explore the drivers of high fertilizer use in the most agriculturally intensive region of India...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751178/how-does-performance-based-financing-affect-health-workers-intrinsic-motivation-a-self-determination-theory-based-mixed-methods-study-in-malawi
#9
Julia Lohmann, Adamson S Muula, Nathalie Houlfort, Manuela De Allegri
"Intrinsic motivation crowding out", the erosion of high-quality, sustainable motivation through the introduction of financial incentives, is one of the most frequently discussed but yet little researched potential unfavorable consequence of Performance-based Financing (PBF). We used the opportunity of the introduction of PBF in Malawi to investigate whether and how PBF affected intrinsic motivation, using a mixed-methods research design theoretically grounded in Self-Determination Theory (SDT). The quantitative component served to estimate the impact of PBF on intrinsic motivation, relying on a controlled pre- and post-test design, with data collected from health workers in 23 intervention and 10 comparison facilities before (March/April 2013; n = 70) and approximately two years after (June/July 2015; n = 71) the start of the intervention...
April 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750924/predictors-for-follow-up-among-postpartum-patients-enrolled-in-a-clinical-trial
#10
Maureen K Baldwin, Kyle D Hart, Maria I Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for failure to attend postpartum follow-up within three months of delivery, including social support, intrinsic motivation, insurance type, and prenatal care attendance. STUDY DESIGN: This planned secondary analysis is derived from a randomized controlled trial of patients intending intrauterine device (IUD) use following their delivery (n=197). Subjects were postpartum from a vaginal or cesarean birth at≥32weeks gestation. We obtained baseline demographics and certainty about their plan to receive a postpartum IUD...
May 8, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743061/transitional-journeys-into-and-through-medical-education-for-first-in-family-fif-students-a-qualitative-interview-study
#11
Andrew Mark Bassett, Caragh Brosnan, Erica Southgate, Heidi Lempp
BACKGROUND: There has been much interest in the transitions along the medical education continuum. However, little is known about how students from non-traditional backgrounds experience both the move to, and through Medical School, and their ambitions post-graduation. This research sought to understand the transitional journey into, and through undergraduate medical education, and future career aspirations for first-in-family (FiF) medical students. METHODS: Based on a interpretivist epistemological perspective, 20 FiF students from one English Medical School participated in semi-structured interviews...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736327/the-effect-of-using-games-in-teaching-conservation
#12
Cedric Kai Wei Tan, Jiin Woei Lee, Adeline Hii, Yen Yi Loo, Ahimsa Campos-Arceiz, David W Macdonald
Games are an increasingly popular approach for conservation teaching. However, we know little about the effectiveness of the games on students' experiences and knowledge acquisition. Many current games are supplemental games (SG) that have no meaningful interaction with the subject matter. We adapted the experiential gaming (EG) model where students were immersed in goal-orientated tasks found in real-life situations, and they tackled questions to complete actions for their main task. Classroom-based games were created for eight different conservation topics for an annual Wildlife Conservation Course and an annual Diploma in International Wildlife Conservation Practice...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732906/design-and-development-of-a-pool-and-billiards-assistive-device-for-the-physically-challenged
#13
Kiran Ragoo, Vashish Sirjoosingh, Shreedevi Sahadeo, Boppana V Chowdary, Chris Maharaj
This research entailed the development and prototyping of a bespoke assistive device for a subject who was a local pool and billiards championship player. The subject was diagnosed with a brain tumor and had to undergo surgery followed by chemotherapy to completely remove the mass in the brain. Following this, there was some loss in motor skills on the right side of his body affecting his gait and grip on objects and his ability to play pool and billiards. Concepts were developed to enable the subject to regain some form...
May 6, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730806/examining-the-relationship-between-religious-and-spiritual-motivation-and-worry-about-alzheimer-s-disease-in-later-life
#14
Jennifer R Roberts, Molly Maxfield
As awareness of Alzheimer's disease and related disorders and diagnosis rates rise, concern about developing such conditions may also increase, referred to here as dementia worry (DW). Few studies have examined DW and potential protective factors. Religiosity provides diverse psychological benefits and may be associated with lower DW; however, intrinsic/extrinsic motivations were expected to differentially relate to DW. Among 83 older adults (M = 69.48 years), both greater intrinsic and extrinsic-social religious motivation were associated with lower DW...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730031/why-help-relationship-quality-not-strategic-grooming-predicts-infant-care-in-group-living-marmosets
#15
Christa Finkenwirth, Judith M Burkart
Cooperatively breeding common marmosets raise their infants with the help of other adult group members, but individual care-taking contribution can vary considerably. We tested four hypotheses that may explain this variation within marmoset family groups. The pay-for-help hypothesis argues that allogrooming is used strategically by parents to pay helpers for helping. The pay-for-infant-access hypothesis claims that helpers use allogrooming as payment for infant-access. The intrinsic predisposition hypothesis suggests that more affiliative individuals are also more motivated for infant-care, and the relationship quality hypothesis that individuals involved in highly affiliative relationships with main caregivers contribute more to infant-care...
May 2, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720962/sex-differences-in-medium-spiny-neuron-excitability-and-glutamatergic-synaptic-input-heterogeneity-across-striatal-regions-and-evidence-for-estradiol-dependent-sexual-differentiation
#16
REVIEW
Jinyan Cao, Jaime A Willett, David M Dorris, John Meitzen
Steroid sex hormones and biological sex influence how the brain regulates motivated behavior, reward, and sensorimotor function in both normal and pathological contexts. Investigations into the underlying neural mechanisms have targeted the striatal brain regions, including the caudate-putamen, nucleus accumbens core (AcbC), and shell. These brain regions are of particular interest to neuroendocrinologists given that they express membrane-associated but not nuclear estrogen receptors, and also the well-established role of the sex steroid hormone 17β-estradiol (estradiol) in modulating striatal dopamine systems...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720265/the-influence-of-environmental-conditions-on-safety-management-in-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#17
Carien W Alingh, Jeroen D H van Wijngaarden, Robbert Huijsman, Jaap Paauwe
BACKGROUND: Hospitals are confronted with increasing safety demands from a diverse set of stakeholders, including governmental organisations, professional associations, health insurance companies, patient associations and the media. However, little is known about the effects of these institutional and competitive pressures on hospital safety management. Previous research has shown that organisations generally shape their safety management approach along the lines of control- or commitment-based management...
May 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720164/attitude-towards-working-in-rural-areas-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-rural-oriented-tuition-waived-medical-students-in-shaanxi-china
#18
Jinlin Liu, Kun Zhang, Ying Mao
BACKGROUND: Attracting and recruiting health workers to work in rural areas is still a great challenge in China. The rural-oriented tuition-waived medical education (RTME) programme has been initiated and implemented in China since 2010. This study aimed to examine the attitudes of rural-oriented tuition-waived medical students (RTMSs) in Shaanxi towards working in rural areas and the related influencing factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2015 among 232 RTMSs in two medical universities from the first group of students enrolled in the RTME programme in Shaanxi...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718574/optimising-motivation-and-reducing-burnout-for-radiation-oncology-trainees-a-framework-using-self-determination-theory
#19
REVIEW
Michael Poulsen, Anne A Poulsen
Radiation oncology trainees in Australia and New Zealand have relatively high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation which are core components of burnout. The stresses of a demanding clinical load, studying for exams as well as family commitments are all contributing factors. Self-Deter mination Theory (SDT) provides a framework for optimising motivation which may be intrinsic or extrinsic. The three core components of SDT are competence, relatedness and autonomy. These factors should be addressed at a college level, Institutional and a personal level if the best outcomes are to be achieved...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715597/a-systematic-review-of-game-technologies-for-pediatric-patients
#20
REVIEW
Sandra Jurdi, Jorge Montaner, Fernando Garcia-Sanjuan, Javier Jaen, Vicente Nacher
Children in hospital are subjected to multiple negative stimuli that may hinder their development and social interactions. Although game technologies are thought to improve children's experience in hospital, there is a lack of information on how they can be used effectively. This paper presents a systematic review of the literature on the existing approaches in this context to identify gaps for future research. A total of 1305 studies were identified, of which 75 were thoroughly analyzed according to our review protocol...
April 25, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
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