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Intrinsic motivation

Susanne M Van Hooft, Janet M J Been-Dahmen, Erwin Ista, AnneLoes Van Staa, Hennie R Boeije
AIM: To examine how nurse-led interventions that support self-management of outpatients with chronic conditions work and in what contexts they work successfully. BACKGROUND: Self-management could be directed at goals such as quality of life, adherence, or patients' empowerment. Self-management support is an increasingly important task of nurses. Many nurse-led interventions have been developed but it is not clear how these actually help improve patients' self-management capabilities...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Christian Young, Allison Tong, Hasantha Gunasekera, Simone Sherriff, Deanna Kalucy, Peter Fernando, Jonathan C Craig
AIM: To describe the perspectives of health professionals and communities on an innovative health service delivery project, Hearing EAr health and Language Services (HEALS). HEALS was a government funded initiative to improve access to specialist ear, nose and throat and speech pathology services for Aboriginal families living in metropolitan areas. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 health-care professionals (clinicians, health service managers and Aboriginal health workers) and 16 care givers of children who participated in HEALS...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Gifty Apiung Aninanya, Natasha Howard, John E Williams, Benjamin Apam, Helen Prytherch, Svetla Loukanova, Eunice Karanja Kamara, Easmon Otupiri
BACKGROUND: Lack of an adequate and well-performing health workforce has emerged as the biggest barrier to scaling up health services provision in sub-Saharan Africa. As the global community commits to the Sustainable Development Goals and universal health coverage, health workforce challenges are critical. In northern Ghana, performance-based incentives (PBIs) were introduced to improve health worker motivation and service quality. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the impact of PBIs on maternal health worker motivation in two districts in northern Ghana...
2016: Global Health Action
Allison Levy, Iser G DeLeon, Catherine K Martinez, Nathalie Fernandez, Nicholas A Gage, Sigurdur Óli Sigurdsson, Michelle A Frank-Crawford
The overjustification hypothesis suggests that extrinsic rewards undermine intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic rewards are common in strengthening behavior in persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities; we examined overjustification effects in this context. A literature search yielded 65 data sets permitting comparison of responding during an initial no-reinforcement phase to a subsequent no-reinforcement phase, separated by a reinforcement phase. We used effect sizes to compare response levels in these two no-reinforcement phases...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Simon J Sebire, Mark J Edwards, Kenneth R Fox, Ben Davies, Kathryn Banfield, Lesley Wood, Russell Jago
The implementation, fidelity and receipt of a self-determination theory-based after-school physical activity intervention (Action 3:30) delivered by Teaching Assistants (TAs) was examined using a mixed-methods process evaluation. Physical activity motivation and need satisfaction were reported by 539 participants at baseline, the end of intervention and 4-month follow-up. Pupil and TA-reported autonomy-support and teaching efficacy were collected alongside interviews with 18 TAs and focus groups with 60 participants...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Zhengbao Wen, Xiaowei Geng, Yinghua Ye
Recently, WeChat has been widely used in China. The positive and negative effects of WeChat on users have received attention from researchers gradually. Using the questionnaire method, we recruited 339 undergraduates and graduates as participants, and tested the effects of WeChat on their subjective well-being (SWB) in terms of intensity. In addition, we confirmed the mediating effects of WeChat with respect to motivation. The results showed that the participants' WeChat use intensity was at a mid-level, 85...
October 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Jason C Lee, Lei Philip Wang, Joe Z Tsien
It is not uncommon for humans or animals to experience traumatic events in their lifetimes. However, the majority of individuals are resilient to long-term detrimental changes turning into anxiety and depression, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). What underlying neural mechanism accounts for individual variability in stress resilience? Hyperactivity in fear circuits, such as the amygdalar system, is well-known to be the major pathophysiological basis for PTSD, much like a "stuck accelerator." Interestingly, increasing evidence demonstrates that dopamine (DA) - traditionally known for its role in motivation, reward prediction, and addiction - is also crucial in regulating fear learning and anxiety...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Elizabeth Marier, Richard Piers Smith, Johanne Ellis-Iversen, Eamon Watson, Derek Armstrong, Henk Hogeveen, Alasdair J C Cook
This study presents British farmers' perception of, and barriers to, implementing Salmonella control on pig farms. Four farms that had implemented interventions and their 33 close contacts (known to the intervention farmers) took part in interviews before (phase 1) and after (phase 2) intervention trials to assess the difference in perception over time. Their results were compared against those from nine randomly selected control farms. The hypothesis was that farms implementing interventions whether or not successful, would influence their close contacts' opinion over time...
October 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Roseanne C Schuster, Octávio de Sousa, Jacqueline Rivera, Rebecca Olson, Delphine Pinault, Sera L Young
BACKGROUND: Performance-based incentives (PBIs) have garnered global attention as a promising strategy to improve healthcare delivery to vulnerable populations. However, literature gaps in the context in which an intervention is implemented and how the PBIs were developed exist. Therefore, we (1) characterized the barriers and promoters to prevention of vertical transmission of HIV (PVT) service delivery in rural Mozambique, where the vertical transmission rate is 12 %, and (2) assessed the appropriateness for a PBI's intervention and application to PVT...
October 7, 2016: Human Resources for Health
Lilia Rodarte-Cuevas, Roxana Araujo-Espino, Perla María Trejo-Ortiz, José González-Tovar
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the conditions of quality of working life, the presence of muscle- skeletal disorders and the association between these variables in nursing staff of a public hospital in Zacatecas, Mexico. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with descriptive-correlational scope was designed. A stratified random sampling per shift was used in 107 cases. The Questionnaire Professional Quality of Life (CVP-35) was applied as well as the Nordic Questionnaire Standardized for musculoskeletal pain and work-related risk factors questionnaire...
October 3, 2016: Enfermería Clínica
Tracy L Schumacher, Tracy L Burrows, Deborah I Thompson, Robin Callister, Neil J Spratt, Clare E Collins
Diet is an essential strategy for the prevention of primary and secondary cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. The objectives were to examine: how families at increased risk of CVD perceived personal risk, their motivations to make dietary changes, their understanding of diet, and the influence of other family members. Individuals (>18 years) who completed an Australian family-based CVD risk reduction program were invited to a semi-structured telephone interview. Responses were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using a systematic deductive approach with coding derived from key concepts developed as part of the interview structure...
September 30, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
David A Quint, Ajay Gopinathan, Gregory M Grason
Motivated to understand the behavior of biological filaments interacting with membranes of various types, we employ a theoretical model for the shape and thermodynamics of intrinsically helical filaments bound to curved membranes. We show that filament-surface interactions lead to a host of nonuniform shape equilibria, in which filaments progressively unwind from their native twist with increasing surface interaction and surface curvature, ultimately adopting uniform-contact curved shapes. The latter effect is due to nonlinear coupling between elastic twist and bending of filaments on anisotropically curved surfaces such as the cylindrical surfaces considered here...
October 4, 2016: Biophysical Journal
S Aaltonen, J Kaprio, E Vuoksimaa, C Huppertz, U M Kujala, K Silventoinen
The aim of this study was to estimate the contribution of genetic and environmental influences on motives for engaging in leisure-time physical activity. The participants were obtained from the FinnTwin16 study. A modified version of the Recreational Exercise Motivation Measure was used to assess the motives for leisure-time physical activity in 2542 twin individuals (mean age of 34.1 years). Linear structural equation modeling was used to investigate the genetic and environmental influences on motive dimensions...
October 5, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Robert A Augustyniak, Adrienne Z Ables, Philip Guilford, Heidi L Lujan, Ronald N Cortright, Stephen E DiCarlo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
Figen Yardimci, Murat Bektaş, Nilay Özkütük, Gonca Karayağız Muslu, Gülçin Özalp Gerçeker, Zümrüt Başbakkal
BACKGROUND: The study process is related to students' learning approaches and styles. Motivation resources and problems determine students' internal, external, and negative motivation. Analyzing the study process and motivation of students yields important indications about the nature of educational systems in higher education. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to analyze the relationship between the study process, and motivation resources and problems with regard to nursing students in different educational systems in Turkey and to reveal their effects according to a set of variables...
September 28, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Vojtěch Mornstein, Jiří Beneš, Zdeněk Mrozek, Štěpán Svačina
This article gives information on selected alternative medicine methods (AMM) under conditions of the Czech health care system. They can be defined as contemporaneous diagnostic and therapeutic methods which differ in their theoretical fundaments as well as practices from the evidence based medicine. This definition is controversial because these methods are an intrinsically incompatible aggregate of modalities acting as a placebo above all. We can encounter many "therapeutic" and "examination" methods which are practiced namely by healers without formal medical education, and connected closely with esotericism...
2016: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
D Bailly
OBJECTIVE: If abstinence from substance in adolescents may nowadays be regarded statistically as a deviant behavior, what is its significance from a developmental point of view? The aim of this article is to examine the mental health characteristics and the social integration of adolescent abstainers. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review of epidemiological studies including data on adolescent abstainers was conducted. RESULTS: Compared to the abundant literature devoted to adolescent substance abusers, few studies report data on adolescent abstainers...
September 29, 2016: L'Encéphale
Simona Buetti, Alejandro Lleras
It has been shown that when humans require a brief moment of concentration or mental effort, they tend to avert their gaze away from the attended location (or even blink). Similarly, participants tend to miss unexpected events when they are highly focused on a task. We present an engagement theory of distractibility that is meant to capture the relationship between participants' engagement in a task and reduction in sensitivity to new sensory events in a broad range of situations. In a series of experiments, we asked participants to perform different cognitive tasks of varying degrees of difficulty while we measured spontaneous oculomotor capture by new images that were completely unrelated to the participants' task...
October 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
A K Tatum, E Houston
A large body of research identifies depressive symptoms as a barrier to optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, whereas treatment motivation has been characterized as a facilitator. There is evidence, however, that these patterns may not hold for some ART patients despite the widespread use of motivational techniques aimed at promoting adherence. Little is known about how the interplay between different levels of depressive symptoms and variations in the types and levels of motivation may influence ART adherence...
August 12, 2016: AIDS Care
S J Coleman, S J Sebire
BACKGROUND: Non-elite mass participation sports events (MPSEs) may hold potential as a physical activity promotion tool. Research into why people participate in these events and what goals they are pursuing is lacking. Grounded in self-determination theory, this study examined the associations between MPSE participants' goals, event experiences and physical activity. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted; pre-event, participants reported their goals for the event...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
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