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Intrinsic motivation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934072/nurturing-gerontology-students-intrinsic-motivation-to-co-create-the-design-of-a-powerful-learning-environment
#1
Jan S Jukema, Mieke Veerman, Jacqueline Van Alphen, Geraldine Visser, Carolien Smits, Tineke Kingma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933747/facilitators-of-physical-activity-voices-of-adolescents-in-a-disadvantaged-community
#2
Linus Jonsson, Christina Berg, Christel Larsson, Peter Korp, Eva-Carin Lindgren
Despite increasing socioeconomic inequalities in the health and well-being of adolescents, the voices of adolescents in disadvantaged communities regarding facilitators of physical activity (PA) have received relatively little attention. In response, the purpose of this study was to illuminate what adolescents in a multicultural community of low socioeconomic status (SES) in Sweden convey concerning facilitators of PA. Adolescents (n = 53, aged 12-13 years) were recruited from a school in a multicultural community of low SES in Sweden...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932822/efl-reading-goals-of-grade-11-students-across-public-and-non-public-schools-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#3
Tekle Ferede, B M Nchindila
This study investigated the EFL reading goals of Grade 11 students across public and non-public schools in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa. To this end, quantitative data were collected from 556 (375 public and 181 non-public) students via pre-tested structured questionnaire and analyzed into means, medians, standard deviations, ranges and Mann-Whitney U test scores. The results show that non-public school students were found better than public school students in possessing components of both extrinsic and intrinsic goals for reading...
September 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925295/characteristics-of-patients-with-existing-advance-directives-evaluating-motivations-around-advance-care-planning
#4
Joanne E Genewick, Dorothy M Lipski, Katherine M Schupack, Angela L H Buffington
INTRODUCTION: Although 80% of patients endorse an advance directive (AD), less than 35% of American adults have a documented AD. Much research has been done on barriers to creating ADs; however, there is a paucity of research addressing motivations for creating ADs. Previous research has identified 4 categories of influence for engaging in advance care planning (ACP). This study aimed to quantify the influence of these 4 motivating categories in creating an AD. METHODS: Participants included 238 adults with documented ADs...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922078/the-tipping-point-of-change-in-an-qualitative-findings-from-an-online-study
#5
Sarah Fogarty, Lucie M Ramjan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand factors related to treatment and/or recovery from self-reported Anorexia Nervosa, including 'the tipping point of change'. METHOD: An online questionnaire was developed and administered from December 2014 to December 2015 to individuals ≥18 years of age with Anorexia Nervosa in the past or currently who were recruited through eating disorder organizations in Australia and the United Kingdom. Responses to a specific qualitative question on 'the tipping point of change' were analyzed using conventional content analysis...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919670/the-moral-insignificance-of-self-consciousness
#6
Joshua Shepherd
In this paper, I examine the claim that self-consciousness is highly morally significant, such that the fact that an entity is self-conscious generates strong moral reasons against harming or killing that entity. This claim is apparently very intuitive, but I argue it is false. I consider two ways to defend this claim: one indirect, the other direct. The best-known arguments relevant to self-consciousness's significance take the indirect route. I examine them and argue that (a) in various ways they depend on unwarranted assumptions about self-consciousness's functional significance, and (b) once these assumptions are undermined, motivation for these arguments dissipates...
June 2017: Eur J Philos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918861/exercise-self-efficacy-correlates-in-people-with-psychosis
#7
Davy Vancampfort, Paul Gorczynski, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Annetie Naisiga, David Basangwa, James Mugisha
Despite the recognition of the importance of exercise self-efficacy in exercise adoption and maintenance, previous investigations on exercise self-efficacy in people with psychosis is scarce. The present study aimed to (1) explore if exercise self-efficacy differed between stages of behavior change in Ugandan outpatients with psychosis, and (2) assess sociodemographic, clinical and motivational correlates of exercise self-efficacy. In total, 48 patients (24 women) completed the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES), the Patient-centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise questionnaire, the Brief Symptoms Inventory-18 (BSI-18), and questions pertaining to intrinsic motivation in the Behavioral Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-2...
September 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913178/modeling-cancer-cell-growth-dynamics-in-vitro-in-response-to-antimitotic-drug-treatment
#8
Alexander Lorz, Dana-Adriana Botesteanu, Doron Levy
Investigating the role of intrinsic cell heterogeneity emerging from variations in cell-cycle parameters and apoptosis is a crucial step toward better informing drug administration. Antimitotic agents, widely used in chemotherapy, target exclusively proliferative cells and commonly induce a prolonged mitotic arrest followed by cell death via apoptosis. In this paper, we developed a physiologically motivated mathematical framework for describing cancer cell growth dynamics that incorporates the intrinsic heterogeneity in the time individual cells spend in the cell-cycle and apoptosis process...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912648/a-motivational-model-of-physical-education-and-links-to-enjoyment-knowledge-performance-total-physical-activity-and-body-mass-index
#9
Arto Gråstén, Anthony Watt
The present paper examined the full sequence of the Hierarchical Model of Motivation in physical education (PE) including motivational climate, basic psychological needs, intrinsic motivation, and related links to contextual enjoyment, knowledge, performance, and total moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Gender differences and correlations with body mass index (BMI) were also analyzed. Cross-sectional data was represented by self-reports and objective assessments of 770 middle school students (52% of girls) in North-East Finland...
September 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901645/measuring-achievement-goal-motivation-mindsets-and-cognitive-load-validation-of-three-instruments-scores
#10
David A Cook, Richmond M Castillo, Becca Gas, Anthony R Artino
OBJECTIVE: Measurement of motivation and cognitive load has potential value in health professions education. Our objective was to evaluate the validity of scores from Dweck's Implicit Theories of Intelligence Scale (ITIS), Elliot's Achievement Goal Questionnaire-Revised (AGQ-R) and Leppink's cognitive load index (CLI). METHODS: This was a validity study evaluating internal structure using reliability and factor analysis, and relationships with other variables using the multitrait-multimethod matrix...
October 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887758/perceived-sodium-reduction-barriers-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-which-barriers-are-important-and-which-patients-experience-barriers
#11
Yvette Meuleman, Tiny Hoekstra, Friedo W Dekker, Paul J M van der Boog, Sandra van Dijk
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to assess the importance of perceived sodium reduction barriers among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and identify associated sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors. METHOD: A total of 156 patients with CKD completed a questionnaire assessing sodium reduction barriers (18 self-formulated items), depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory), perceived autonomy support (Modified Health Care Climate Questionnaire), and self-efficacy (Partners in Health Questionnaire)...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885874/impact-of-virtual-patients-as-optional-learning-material-in-veterinary-biochemistry-education
#12
Christin Kleinsorgen, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Hassan Y Naim, Katja Branitzki-Heinemann, Marta Kankofer, Míra Mándoki, Martin Adler, Andrea Tipold, Jan P Ehlers
Biochemistry and physiology teachers from veterinary faculties in Hannover, Budapest, and Lublin prepared innovative, computer-based, integrative clinical case scenarios as optional learning materials for teaching and learning in basic sciences. These learning materials were designed to enhance attention and increase interest and intrinsic motivation for learning, thus strengthening autonomous, active, and self-directed learning. We investigated learning progress and success by administering a pre-test before exposure to the virtual patients (vetVIP) cases, offered vetVIP cases alongside regular biochemistry courses, and then administered a complementary post-test...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883804/the-influences-of-emotion-on-learning-and-memory
#13
REVIEW
Chai M Tyng, Hafeez U Amin, Mohamad N M Saad, Aamir S Malik
Emotion has a substantial influence on the cognitive processes in humans, including perception, attention, learning, memory, reasoning, and problem solving. Emotion has a particularly strong influence on attention, especially modulating the selectivity of attention as well as motivating action and behavior. This attentional and executive control is intimately linked to learning processes, as intrinsically limited attentional capacities are better focused on relevant information. Emotion also facilitates encoding and helps retrieval of information efficiently...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877756/jigsaw-puzzles-as-cognitive-enrichment-pace-the-effect-of-solving-jigsaw-puzzles-on-global-visuospatial-cognition-in-adults-50-years-of-age-and-older-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Patrick Fissler, Olivia C Küster, Laura S Loy, Daria Laptinskaya, Martin J Rosenfelder, Christine A F von Arnim, Iris-Tatjana Kolassa
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive disorders are an important societal challenge and the need for early prevention is increasingly recognized. Meta-analyses show beneficial effects of cognitive activities on cognition. However, high financial costs, low intrinsic motivation, logistic challenges of group-based activities, or the need to operate digital devices prevent their widespread application in clinical practice. Solving jigsaw puzzles is a cognitive activity without these hindering characteristics, but cognitive effects have not been investigated yet...
September 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877121/begin-again-and-continue-with-life-a-qualitative-study-on-the-experiences-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients
#15
Fariba Jokar, Hojatllah Yousefi, Alireza Yousefy, Masoumeh Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are a main cause of mortality worldwide. However, new diagnostic techniques and treatments have increased the rate of survival for patients with cardiovascular disease. Cardiac rehabilitation programs aim to maintain and enhance the quality of life of patients and improve the secondary prevention of coronary artery disease. Suboptimal participation in rehabilitation programs, early exit from these programs, and not achieving lasting changes are cardiac rehabilitation challenges that are associated with health issues, including the increased need for medication, repeated hospitalization, failure in the secondary prevention programs, and long waiting lists...
October 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863872/decision-making-in-fecal-occult-blood-test-compliance-a-quali-quantitative-study-investigating-motivational-processes
#16
G Broc, B Denis, J-B Fassier, I Gendre, P Perrin, B Quintard
The qualitative-quantitative study investigates the co-existence of barriers and levers to FOBT screening in 5894 individuals reluctant to be screened, identifying operational motivational patterns that may increase screening compliance. Co-occurrence analysis was performed according to three motivational conditions (barriers, levers, or both).Cluster analysis then identified motivational predictors of effective screening. One quarter of the individuals who had refused screening nevertheless expressed at least one motivation towards FOBT...
August 31, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851345/ethical-acceptability-of-offering-financial-incentives-for-taking-antipsychotic-depot-medication-patients-and-clinicians-perspectives-after-a-12-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Ernst L Noordraven, Maartje H N Schermer, Peter Blanken, Cornelis L Mulder, André I Wierdsma
BACKGROUND: A randomized controlled trial 'Money for Medication'(M4M) was conducted in which patients were offered financial incentives for taking antipsychotic depot medication. This study assessed the attitudes and ethical considerations of patients and clinicians who participated in this trial. METHODS: Three mental healthcare institutions in secondary psychiatric care in the Netherlands participated in this study. Patients (n = 169), 18-65 years, diagnosed with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or another psychotic disorder who had been prescribed antipsychotic depot medication, were randomly assigned to receive 12 months of either treatment as usual plus a financial reward for each depot of medication received (intervention group) or treatment as usual alone (control group)...
August 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845720/creativity-in-adhd-goal-directed-motivation-and-domain-specificity
#18
Nathalie Boot, Barbara Nevicka, Matthijs Baas
OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to provide explanations for the inconsistent findings regarding creativity in ADHD. METHOD: In Study 1, we assessed real-world creative achievements and intrinsic motivation during idea generation in adults with ADHD and compared these with controls. In Study 2, we manipulated competition during idea generation to investigate effects on idea originality in adults with ADHD versus controls, and assessed creativity in specific domains...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845362/progress-towards-applications-of-carbon-nanotube-photoluminescence
#19
Prakrit V Jena, Thomas V Galassi, Daniel Roxbury, Daniel A Heller
In the fifteen years following the discovery of single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) photoluminescence, investigators have made significant progress in their understanding of the phenomenon and towards the development of applications. The intrinsic potential of semiconducting carbon nanotubes - a family of bright, photostable near infrared (NIR) fluorophores (900-2100 nm) with tunable properties, has motivated their use as optical probes and sensors. In this perspective, we highlight the advances made in the synthesis, processing, modification, separation, and metrology of carbon nanotubes in the context of applications of their photoluminescence...
2017: ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology: JSS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845061/a-generalized-multi-resolution-expansion-for-uncertainty-propagation-with-application-to-cardiovascular-modeling
#20
D E Schiavazzi, A Doostan, G Iaccarino, A L Marsden
Computational models are used in a variety of fields to improve our understanding of complex physical phenomena. Recently, the realism of model predictions has been greatly enhanced by transitioning from deterministic to stochastic frameworks, where the effects of the intrinsic variability in parameters, loads, constitutive properties, model geometry and other quantities can be more naturally included. A general stochastic system may be characterized by a large number of arbitrarily distributed and correlated random inputs, and a limited support response with sharp gradients or event discontinuities...
February 1, 2017: Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
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