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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333568/the-nature-of-competition-in-dietetics-education-a-narrative-review
#1
Jillian Ruhl, Daphne Lordly
The impact on student development associated with being part of a competitive program is an emerging finding in dietetics research. As such, a narrative review of relevant literature was conducted pertaining to competition in post-secondary programs and the educational experience of students with respect to developing a career in dietetics. The review was guided by 2 questions: How is competition experienced by students? What strategies can reduce competition among dietetics students within the educational experience? A refined literature screening process justified including 32 articles in the review...
March 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330504/competitive-and-cooperative-arm-rehabilitation-games-played-by-a-patient-and-unimpaired-person-effects-on-motivation-and-exercise-intensity
#2
Maja Goršič, Imre Cikajlo, Domen Novak
BACKGROUND: People with chronic arm impairment should exercise intensely to regain their abilities, but frequently lack motivation, leading to poor rehabilitation outcome. One promising way to increase motivation is through interpersonal rehabilitation games, which allow patients to compete or cooperate together with other people. However, such games have mainly been evaluated with unimpaired subjects, and little is known about how they affect motivation and exercise intensity in people with chronic arm impairment...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327642/surface-chemistry-of-rare-earth-oxide-surfaces-at-ambient-conditions-reactions-with-water-and-hydrocarbons
#3
Elçin Külah, Laurent Marot, Roland Steiner, Andriy Romanyuk, Thomas A Jung, Aneliia Wäckerlin, Ernst Meyer
Rare-earth (RE) oxide surfaces are of significant importance for catalysis and were recently reported to possess intrinsic hydrophobicity. The surface chemistry of these oxides in the low temperature regime, however, remains to a large extent unexplored. The reactions occurring at RE surfaces at room temperature (RT) in real air environment, in particular, in presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), were not addressed until now. Discovering these reactions would shed light onto intermediate steps occurring in automotive exhaust catalysts before reaching the final high operational temperature and full conversion of organics...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326055/does-identity-incompatibility-lead-to-disidentification-internal-motivation-to-be-a-group-member-acts-as-buffer-for-sojourners-from-independent-cultures-whereas-external-motivation-acts-as-buffer-for-sojourners-from-interdependent-cultures
#4
Christina Matschke, Jennifer Fehr
Most individuals possess more than one relevant social identity, but these social identities can be more or less incompatible. Research has demonstrated that incompatibility between an established social identity and a potential new social identity impedes the integration into the new group. We argue that incompatibility is a strong risk factor for disidentification, i.e., a negative self-defining relation to a relevant group. The current research investigates the impact of incompatibilities on disidentification in the acculturation context...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316581/reciprocal-relations-between-work-related-authenticity-and-intrinsic-motivation-work-ability-and-depressivity-a-two-wave-study
#5
Astrid I Emmerich, Thomas Rigotti
This study investigates the role of context-specific authenticity at work for work-related outcomes (intrinsic motivation, work ability) and depressivity. Furthermore reciprocal relations between work-related authenticity and healthy psychological functioning are investigated. Longitudinal data from 1,243 employees from 63 subsidiaries of a non-profit organization in the social sector were analyzed using multilevel structural equation modeling. Work-related authenticity at T1 predicted work ability and depressivity, but not intrinsic motivation at T2, about 6 months later...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316567/distinct-functional-connectivities-predict-clinical-response-with-emotion-regulation-therapy
#6
REVIEW
David M Fresco, Amy K Roy, Samantha Adelsberg, Saren Seeley, Emmanuel García-Lesy, Conor Liston, Douglas S Mennin
Despite the success of available medical and psychosocial treatments, a sizable subgroup of individuals with commonly co-occurring disorders, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), fail to make sufficient treatment gains thereby prolonging their deficits in life functioning and satisfaction. Clinically, these patients often display temperamental features reflecting heightened sensitivity to underlying motivational systems related to threat/safety and reward/loss (e.g., somatic anxiety) as well as inordinate negative self-referential processing (e...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303403/hypocretin-orexin-and-plastic-adaptations-associated-with-drug-abuse
#7
Corey Baimel, Stephanie L Borgland
Dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) are a critical part of the neural circuits that underlie reward learning and motivation. Dopamine neurons send dense projections throughout the brain and recent observations suggest that both the intrinsic properties and the functional output of dopamine neurons are dependent on projection target and are subject to neuromodulatory influences. Lateral hypothalamic hypocretin (also termed orexin) neurons project to the VTA and contain both hypocretin and dynorphin peptides in the same dense core vesicles suggesting they may be co-released...
March 17, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301962/overcoming-obesity
#8
Elaine Seaton Banerjee, Sharon J Herring, Katelyn E Hurley, Katherine Puskarz, Kyle Yebernetsky, Marianna LaNoue
PURPOSE: Low-income, African American women are disproportionately impacted by obesity. Little is known about the interactions between low-income, African American women who successfully lost weight and their primary care physicians (PCPs). DESIGN: Mixed methods, positive deviance study. SETTING: Urban university-based family medicine practice. PARTICIPANTS: The positive deviance group comprised low-income, African American women who were obese, lost 10% body weight, and maintained this loss for 6 months...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295744/contributing-factors-for-therapeutic-diet-adherence-in-patients-receiving-haemodialysis-treatment-an-integrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Lissete González Oquendo, José Miguel Morales Asencio, Candela Bonill de Las Nieves
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this integrative review is to identify the factors that contribute to diet adherence in people suffering from kidney disease who are receiving haemodialysis treatment. BACKGROUND: Adherence to the therapeutic regimen determines therapeutic success, quality of life, and survival in patients on haemodialysis. Lack of diet adherence ranges from 25 to 86% in patients receiving haemodialysis treatment and affects patient morbidity and mortality...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289014/addressing-the-crisis-of-gp-recruitment-and-retention-a-systematic-review
#10
Catherine Marchand, Stephen Peckham
BACKGROUND: The numbers of GPs and training places in general practice are declining, and retaining GPs in their practices is an increasing problem. AIM: To identify evidence on different approaches to retention and recruitment of GPs, such as intrinsic versus extrinsic motivational determinants. DESIGN AND SETTING: Synthesis of qualitative and quantitative research using seven electronic databases from 1990 onwards (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Health Management Information Consortium [HMIC], Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (Cinahl), PsycINFO, and the Turning Research Into Practice [TRIP] database)...
March 13, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279924/physicians-responses-to-financial-and-social-incentives-a-medically-framed-real-effort-experiment
#11
Mylène Lagarde, Duane Blaauw
Because compensation policies have critical implications for the provision of health care, and evidence of their effects is limited and difficult to study in the real world, laboratory experiments may be a valuable methodology to study the behavioural responses of health care providers. With this experiment undertaken in 2013, we add to this new literature by designing a new medically framed real effort task to test the effects of different remuneration schemes in a multi-tasking context. We assess the impact of different incentives on the quantity (productivity) and quality of outputs of 132 participants...
March 2, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279267/astronaut-adherence-to-exercise-based-reconditioning-psychological-considerations-and-future-directions
#12
Carly D McKay, Martyn Standage
INTRODUCTION: Exercise-based reconditioning is essential for mitigating the negative physiological and functional effects of spaceflight. Astronaut adherence to prescribed reconditioning programmes is imperative, but there has been limited research in this area. PURPOSE: This commentary discusses adherence predictors in analogous terrestrial populations (sport, clinical rehabilitation, general exercise) that may translate to spaceflight environments. IMPLICATIONS: Reconditioning programmes should foster intrinsic motivation, realistic outcome expectancies, self-regulation skills, and strong therapeutic alliances to promote ongoing exercise adherence...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278471/a-geometric-model-for-specularity-prediction-on-planar-surfaces-with-multiple-light-sources
#13
Alexandre Morgand, Mohamed Tamaazousti, Adrien Bartoli
Specularities are often problematic in computer vision since they impact the dynamic range of the image intensity. A natural approach would be to predict and discard them using computer graphics models. However, these models depend on parameters which are difficult to estimate (light sources, objects' material properties and camera). We present a geometric model called JOLIMAS: JOint LIght-MAterial Specularity, which predicts the shape of specularities. JOLIMAS is reconstructed from images of specularities observed on a planar surface...
March 2, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277725/why-do-employees-have-better-family-lives-when-they-are-highly-engaged-at-work
#14
Remus Ilies, Xiao-Yu Liu, Yukun Liu, Xiaoming Zheng
Past research on the effects of work engagement on the family has demonstrated contrasting effects, with some suggesting that work engagement is beneficial for family life whereas others suggesting that it may be detrimental. In this research, using a sample of 125 employees who responded to daily surveys both at work and at home for 2 consecutive weeks, the authors present a multilevel examination of the relationships of work engagement to family outcomes aimed at elucidating such work-family effects. Their findings revealed that employees' daily work engagement experiences related positively, within individuals, to work-family interpersonal capitalization, which in turn, related positively to daily family satisfaction and to daily work-family balance...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275895/-emotiplay-a-serious-game-for-learning-about-emotions-in-children-with-autism-results-of-a-cross-cultural-evaluation
#15
S Fridenson-Hayo, S Berggren, A Lassalle, S Tal, D Pigat, N Meir-Goren, H O'Reilly, S Ben-Zur, S Bölte, S Baron-Cohen, O Golan
Children with autism spectrum conditions (ASC) experience difficulties recognizing others' emotions and mental states. It has been shown that serious games (SG) can produce simplified versions of the socio-emotional world. The current study performed a cross-cultural evaluation (in the UK, Israel and Sweden) of Emotiplay's SG, a system aimed to teach emotion recognition (ER) to children with ASC in an entertaining, and intrinsically motivating way. Participants were 6-9 year olds with high functioning ASC who used the SG for 8-12 weeks...
March 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273930/peptide-au-clusters-induced-tumor-cells-apoptosis-via-targeting-glutathione-peroxidase-1-the-molecular-dynamics-assisted-experimental-studies
#16
Meiqing Liu, Liang Gao, Lina Zhao, Jian He, Qing Yuan, Peng Zhang, Yawei Zhao, Xueyun Gao
The original motivation of the article is to give a systematic investigation on the protocol of combining computer simulation and accurate synthesis of serial peptide protected gold clusters for potent tumor targeting therapy. Glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1) is a crucial antioxidant selenoenzyme that regulates cellular redox level, thus becomes a potential target in cancer treatment. We firstly utilize molecular dynamic (MD) simulation to rationally design and screen serial peptide-Au cluster compounds with special peptide sequences and precise gold atoms, which can recognize and bind specific domain of GPx-1 with high affinity...
December 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260407/doctor-patient-relationships-dpr-in-china
#17
Shaozhuang Ma, Xuehu Xu, Virginia Trigo, Nelson J C Ramalho
Purpose The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, to develop and test theory on how commitment human resource (HR) practices affect hospital professionals' job satisfaction that motivates them to generate desirable patient care and subsequently improve doctor-patient relationships (DPR) and second, to examine how commitment HR practices influence hospital managers and clinicians in different ways. Design/methodology/approach Using a cross-sectional survey, the authors collected data from 508 clinicians and hospital managers from 33 tertiary public hospitals in China...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259241/is-psychological-membership-in-the-classroom-a-function-of-standing-out-while-fitting-in-implications-for-achievement-motivation-and-emotions
#18
DeLeon L Gray
Education researchers have consistently linked students' perceptions of "fitting in" at school with patterns of motivation and positive emotions. This study proposes that "standing out" is also helpful for producing these outcomes, and that standing out works in concert with perceptions of fitting in. In a sample of 702 high school students nested within 33 classrooms, principal components analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were each conducted on half of the sample. Results support the proposed structure of measures of standing out and fitting in...
April 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247209/burnout-quality-of-life-motivation-and-academic-achievement-among-medical-students-a%C3%A2-person-oriented-approach
#19
Mataroria P Lyndon, Marcus A Henning, Hussain Alyami, Sanjeev Krishna, Irene Zeng, Tzu-Chieh Yu, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify burnout and quality of life profiles of medical students and determine their associations with academic motivation and achievement on progress tests using a person-oriented approach. METHODS: Medical students (n = 670) in Year 3 to Year 5 at the University of Auckland were classified into three different profiles as derived from a two-step cluster analysis using World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF scores and Copenhagen Burnout Inventory scores...
February 28, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242511/kind-discipline-developing-a-conceptual-model-of-a-promising-school-discipline-approach
#20
Jennifer L Winkler, Michele E Walsh, Madeleine de Blois, Jeannette Maré, Scott C Carvajal
This formative evaluation develops a novel conceptual model for a discipline approach fostering intrinsic motivation and positive relationships in schools. We used concept mapping to elicit and integrate perspectives on kind discipline from teachers, administrators, and other school staff. Three core themes describing kind discipline emerged from 11 identified clusters: (1) proactively developing a positive school climate, (2) responding to conflict with empathy, accountability, and skill, and (3) supporting staff skills in understanding and sharing expectations...
February 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
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