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Intrinsic motivation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139563/the-interplay-of-gender-and-social-background-a-longitudinal-study-of-interaction-effects-in-reading-attitudes-and-behaviour
#1
Michael Becker, Nele McElvany
BACKGROUND: Researchers often report and discuss gender differences. However, recent research has drawn attention to interaction effects between gender and other social categories. AIMS: This study analysed the development of disparities in students' reading-related self-concept, intrinsic motivation, and behaviour, as they relate to differences in gender and socio-economic family background. Drawing on expectancy-value theory, we regarded reading-related self-concept, motivation, and behaviour as key to explaining the growing differences between boys and girls in adolescence...
November 15, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136485/evaluating-the-impact-of-training-in-obesity-prevention-methods-on-the-counseling-knowledge-and-skills-of-wic-nutritionists-in-georgia-2014-2015
#2
Wendy Palmer, Danielle Henderson, Barbara Stahnke, Katherine Shary, Trisha Hardy, Jean A Welsh
OBJECTIVES: Motivational interviewing, a client-centered intervention method focused on enhancing intrinsic motivation for behavior change, shows a positive impact on children's weight status (ie, stabilizing or slowing down weight gain as a child grows). We evaluated the impact of a training program on knowledge and adoption of evidence-based obesity prevention counseling strategies among counselors from Georgia's Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134055/influence-of-goal-contents-on-exercise-addiction-analysing-the-mediating-effect-of-passion-for-exercise
#3
Álvaro Sicilia, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, María-Jesús Lirola, Rafael Burgueño
Based on the self-determination theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985, 2000), the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of exercise goal contents on exercise addiction, taking into account the mediating effects of passion for exercise. A total of 384 university students (284 men and 100 women; Mage = 20.31, SD = 3.10) completed a questionnaire that measured exercise frequency and intensity, exercise goal contents (e.g. intrinsic: social affiliation, health management, skill development; extrinsic: image and social recognition), passion for exercise (e...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134054/application-of-two-intervention-programs-in-order-to-optimize-motivation-and-to-improve-eating-habits-in-adult-and-elderly-women
#4
Marta Leyton, Marco Batista, Susana Lobato, Mª Isabel Aspano, Ruth Jiménez
The objective of this study was to analyse the effectiveness of two intervention programs: a physical exercise program with strategies to support the three basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence and relatedness); and a physical exercise program with nutritional education in order to improve the lifestyles of adult and elderly women who practiced functional maintenance. The Self-Determination Theory was applied as the theoretical framework. A sample of 135 women aged between 40 and 88 years (59.66 ± 10...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134052/effects-of-an-interpersonal-style-intervention-for-coaches-on-young-soccer-players-motivational-processes
#5
Juan J Pulido, David Sánchez-Oliva, Francisco M Leo, Sergio Matos, Tomás García-Calvo
The main goal of the study was to assess the effects of an intervention programme developed with soccer coaches, based on promoting strategies to optimise the satisfaction of the basic psychological needs of athletes. Eight soccer coaches, aged between 19 and 50 years (M = 32.5; SD = 14.34), participated in the study. They were selected intentionally (without academic or federative training) and divided equally into a control and an experimental group by random peer selection. Also, 109 soccer players, aged between 11 and 15 years (M = 13...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134046/relationships-between-physical-activity-levels-self-identity-body-dissatisfaction-and-motivation-among-spanish-high-school-students
#6
Pedro Antonio Sánchez-Miguel, Francisco Miguel Leo, Diana Amado, Juan José Pulido, David Sánchez-Oliva
The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between gender and the educational grade on the one hand, and physical activity levels, motivation, self-identity, body dissatisfaction, the intention to be physically active and daily sitting time on the other, in a sample of Spanish high school adolescents. The sample consisted of 2087 Spanish students from the 3rd (n = 1141) and 4th grade (n = 946), both male (n = 1046) and female (n = 1041), ranging in age from 15 to 17 years old (M = 15.42; SD = .86)...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134044/the-effects-of-a-physical-education-intervention-to-support-the-satisfaction-of-basic-psychological-needs-on-the-motivation-and-intentions-to-be-physically-active
#7
Evelia Franco, Javier Coterón
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of an intervention to support the basic psychological needs on the satisfaction of these needs, intrinsic motivation, intention to be physically active and some enjoyment-related outcomes in Physical Education. The present study incorporated strategies presented by Standage and Ryan (2012) in a previous study. A quasi-experimental study was conducted with two groups (nexperimental = 30; ncontrol = 23) of 2nd year Secondary Education students aged between 13 and 15 (M = 13...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132102/atomic-scale-investigation-of-physical-adsorption-of-water-molecules-and-aggressive-ions-to-ettringite-s-surfaces
#8
Shahin Hajilar, Behrouz Shafei
The strength and durability of cementitious composite materials are adversely affected by the ingress of water molecules and aggressive ions into their intrinsic meso- and nano-pore spaces. Among various phases of hydrated cement paste (HCP), aluminum-rich phases play an important role in controlling the diffusivity of aqueous solutions, which can contain aggressive ions. To this date, however, there has been no systematic study to understand the adsorption mechanisms and chloride binding capacity of the aluminum-rich phases of HCP...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130440/development-and-pilot-evaluation-of-a-novel-theory-based-intervention-to-encourage-help-seeking-for-adult-hearing-loss
#9
Gabrielle H Saunders, Melissa T Frederick, ShienPei C Silverman, Claus Nielsen, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque
BACKGROUND: Health behavior theories can provide an understanding of hearing health behaviors and, more importantly, can be used to develop theoretically based strategies to change these health behaviors. PURPOSE: To develop a theory-based brief intervention to increase help-seeking for adult hearing loss and to conduct a pilot study to evaluate its feasibility, effectiveness, and impact on hearing beliefs and behaviors. RESEARCH DESIGN: An intervention was designed that could be easily administered by a health-care provider who does not have expertise in audiology-such as a primary care physician, community nurse, or social worker...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128736/optimal-practice-conditions-enhance-the-benefits-of-gradually-increasing-error-opportunities-on-retention-of-a-stepping-sequence-task
#10
Danielle Levac, Kate Driscoll, Jessica Galvez, Kathleen Mercado, Lindsey O'Neil
INTRODUCTION: Physical therapists should implement practice conditions that promote motor skill learning after neurological injury. Errorful and errorless practice conditions are effective for different populations and tasks. Errorful learning provides opportunities for learners to make task-relevant choices. Enhancing learner autonomy through choice opportunities is a key component of the Optimizing Performance through Intrinsic Motivation and Attention for Learning (OPTIMAL) theory of motor learning...
November 9, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122392/differences-in-psychosocial-determinants-of-hand-hygiene-between-health-care-professional-groups-insights-from-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#11
Muhamad Alif Bin Ibrahim, Chengzi Chow, Bee Fong Poh, Brenda Ang, Angela Chow
BACKGROUND: Good hand hygiene (HH) prevents health care-associated infections. We compared psychosocial and organizational factors associated with HH compliance and perceived need for improvement among physicians, nurses, and allied health professionals (AHPs). METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods study in a 1,600-bed adult tertiary-care hospital in Singapore. Seven focus group discussions were conducted and data were analyzed using thematic analysis. The subsequent cross-sectional survey involved 1,064 staff members...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121902/online-or-face-to-face-instruction-a-qualitative-study-on-the-electrocardiogram-course-at-the-university-of-ulm-to-examine-why-students-choose-a-particular-format
#12
Oliver Keis, Claudia Grab, Achim Schneider, Wolfgang Öchsner
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of the e-learning electrocardiogram (ECG) course 'ECG Online' into the curriculum at the University of Ulm, a small but relatively constant number of students have decided not to participate in the online course but to attend the face-to-face course, although the content of both courses is identical. The present study examined why students prefer one format or the other. METHODS: In a qualitative research approach, ten medical students were questioned in a guided interview...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121850/the-challenge-of-involving-elderly-patients-in-primary-care-by-using-an-electronic-communication-tool-with-their-professionals-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Catharina Carolina De Jong, Wynand J G Ros, Mia Van Leeuwen, Guus Schrijvers
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients in primary care often have multiple health problems,with different healthcare professionals involved. For consistency in care, it is required that communication amongst professionals and patient-systems (patient and informal-carers) be well tuned. Electronic-communication can make it easier for patient-system to be active in care. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether an e-communication tool (Congredi) designed for professionals, including a care plan and secure e-mail, is usable for patient-systems and what their experiences are...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120967/life-values-as-an-intrinsic-guide-for-cardiopulmonary-rehabilitation-program-engagement-a-qualitative-analysis
#14
Jordan M Ellis, Matthew C Whited, John Taylor Freeman, Ansley T Corson, John Paul Jameson, Stacey Greenway, David M Sager, Emily P Midgette, Eliza V Varju
PURPOSE: Participation in cardiovascular and pulmonary rehabilitation (CVPR) programs can lead to improved functional abilities and improved quality of life, but attendance and adherence to these programs remain suboptimal. Behavioral therapies have emphasized the importance of life value identification as a guide for goal setting and behavior change for both psychological and physical health conditions. Individuals who choose to engage in behaviors that align with their life values are thought to be intrinsically reinforced...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117734/risk-factors-for-a-delay-in-medical-education-results-of-an-online-survey-among-four-german-medical-schools
#15
Jens Walldorf, Martin R Fischer
BACKGROUND: Delayed study progress in medical school is a challenging issue for the tax paying community, the faculty and the medical students themselves. Reasons for a delay might be different from known risk factors for academic difficulties. METHODS: An online survey regarding delays in the study progress and including a personality test (BFI-10) was presented to medical students from four German medical schools after completion of their 3rd year of study. RESULTS: Of 617 students, 51...
November 9, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110649/associations-between-physical-activity-and-motivation-competence-functioning-and-apathy-in-inhabitants-with-mental-illness-from-a-rural-municipality-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Anders Farholm, Marit Sørensen, Hallgeir Halvari, Torfinn Hynnekleiv
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence for physical activity (PA) having a positive impact on physical and mental health as well as illness symptoms in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). However, individuals with SMI experience several barriers that makes it difficult to take advantage of the benefits associated with PA. One barrier consistently reported to impede PA is motivational issues. Thus, the main aim of the present study was to examine associations between PA and motivation for PA, perceived competence for PA, functioning, apathy, and demographic variables among individuals with SMI...
November 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099318/motivation-and-prior-animal-experience-of-newly-enrolled-veterinary-nursing-students-at-two-irish-third-level-institutions
#17
Karen Dunne, Bernadette Brereton, Vivienne Duggan, Deirdre Campion
Veterinary nurses report an intrinsic desire to work with animals. However, this motivation may be eroded by poor working conditions and low pay, resulting in the exit of experienced veterinary nurses from clinical practice. This study sought to quantify the level of animal-handling experience students possessed at the start of their training and to explore the factors motivating them to enter veterinary nurse training in two Irish third-level institutions. The authors had noted a tendency for veterinary nursing students to possess limited animal-handling skills, despite their obvious motivation to work with animals...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094434/autonomy-supportive-web-based-lifestyle-modification-for-cardiometabolic-risk-in-postmenopausal-women-randomized-trial
#18
Hye-Ryoung Kim, Hee-Seung Kim
The management of cardiometabolic risk factors, such as abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and hyperglycemia, is essential for the health of postmenopausal women. In this study, we identified the effects of autonomy-supportive, Web-based lifestyle modification for the management cardiometabolic risk of postmenopausal women, and assessed the mediation effect of intrinsic motivation. This study was a randomized trial involving 71 postmenopausal Korean women. For the intervention group, we provided the Web-based autonomy supports for 12 weeks; however, for the control group, individual consultations on healthy lifestyle was conducted at the first meeting...
November 2, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077964/neural-correlates-of-preferred-activities-development-of-an-interest-specific-go-nogo-task
#19
Dienke J Bos, Eliana A Ajodan, Melanie S Silverman, Jonathan P Dyke, Sarah Durston, Jonathan D Power, Rebecca M Jones
The activities we choose to spend our leisure time with are intrinsically motivating and vary across individuals. Yet it is unknown how impulse control or neural activity changes when processing a preferred stimulus related to a hobby or interest. Developing a task that assesses the response to preferred interests is of importance as it would be relevant to a range of psychiatric disorders that have hyper- or hypo-arousal to such cues. During functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), 39 healthy adults completed a novel task to test approach behavior and cognitive control to cues that were personalized to the participants' interests compared to stimuli the participants identified as being of non-interest and colored shapes...
October 25, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074517/how-do-workplaces-working-practices-and-colleagues-affect-uk-doctors-career-decisions-a-qualitative-study-of-junior-doctors-career-decision-making-in-the-uk
#20
Sharon Spooner, Emma Pearson, Jonathan Gibson, Kath Checkland
OBJECTIVES: This study draws on an in-depth investigation of factors that influenced the career decisions of junior doctors. SETTING: Junior doctors in the UK can choose to enter specialty training (ST) programmes within 2 years of becoming doctors. Their specialty choices contribute to shaping the balance of the future medical workforce, with views on general practice (GP) careers of particular interest because of current recruitment difficulties. This paper examines how experiences of medical work and perceptions about specialty training shape junior doctors' career decisions...
October 25, 2017: BMJ Open
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