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Intrinsic motivation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350781/effects-of-work-environment-and-job-characteristics-on-the-turnover-intention-of-experienced-nurses-the-mediating-role-of-work-engagement
#1
Qiaoqin Wan, Zhaoyang Li, Weijiao Zhou, Shaomei Shang
AIM: To assess turnover intention among experienced nurses and explore the effects of work environment, job characteristics and work engagement on turnover intention. BACKGROUND: The nursing shortage is an urgent concern in China. A high turnover rate of experienced nurses could have serious effects on the quality of care, costs and the efficiency of hospitals. It is crucial to explore the predictors of turnover intention and develop strategies tailored to experienced nurses...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350316/influence-of-personality-and-motivation-on-oral-presentation-performance
#2
Hsin-Yi Liang, Brent Kelsen
Personality and motivation have been identified as influential variables associated with foreign language learning; however, few studies have investigated their effect on oral presentations. This study addresses the importance of both personality and motivation in students' collaborative oral presentation performance. A Big Five personality trait questionnaire measuring Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Openness to Experience, together with the Collaborative Inquiry-based Project Questionnaire measuring Task, Project Work, Reinforcement, Social Learning and Social Pressure motivational constructs were employed to evaluate 257 university students...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349931/biomimetic-architectures-for-peripheral-nerve-repair-a-review-of-biofabrication-strategies
#3
REVIEW
Paul A Wieringa, Ana Rita Gonçalves de Pinho, Silvestro Micera, Richard J A van Wezel, Lorenzo Moroni
Biofabrication techniques have endeavored to improve the regeneration of the peripheral nervous system (PNS), but nothing has surpassed the performance of current clinical practices. However, these current approaches have intrinsic limitations that compromise patient care. The "gold standard" autograft provides the best outcomes but requires suitable donor material, while implantable hollow nerve guide conduits (NGCs) can only repair small nerve defects. This review places emphasis on approaches that create structural cues within a hollow NGC lumen in order to match or exceed the regenerative performance of the autograft...
January 19, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346994/weakly-non-boussinesq-convection-in-a-gaseous-spherical-shell
#4
Lydia Korre, Nicholas Brummell, Pascale Garaud
We examine the dynamics associated with weakly compressible convection in a spherical shell by running 3D direct numerical simulations using the Boussinesq formalism [Spiegel and Veronis, Astrophys. J. 131, 442 (1960)AJLEEY0004-637X10.1086/146849]. Motivated by problems in astrophysics, we assume the existence of a finite adiabatic temperature gradient ∇T_{ad} and use mixed boundary conditions for the temperature with fixed flux at the inner boundary and fixed temperature at the outer boundary. This setup is intrinsically more asymmetric than the more standard case of Rayleigh-Bénard convection in liquids between parallel plates with fixed temperature boundary conditions...
September 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344455/qualitative-assessment-of-learning-strategies-among-medical-students-using-focus-group-discussions-and-in-depth-interviews
#5
Anuradha Sujai Joshi, Jaishree Deepak Ganjiwale, Jagdish Varma, Praveen Singh, Jyoti Nath Modi, Tejinder Singh
Background: Globally, students with top academic performance and high intellectual capacity usually opt to study medicine. However, once students get enrolled, their academic performance varies widely. Such variations appear to be determined by various factors, one of them being types of learning strategies adopted by students. The learning strategies utilized by the students with better academic performance are likely to be more effective learning strategies. Aims and Objectives: The objective is to identify effective learning strategies used by medical students...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335494/magnetic-chern-insulators-in-a-monolayer-of-transition-metal-trichalcogenides
#6
Archana Mishra, SungBin Lee
A monolayer of transition metal trichalcogenides has received a lot of attention as potential two dimensional magnetic materials. The system has a honeycomb structure of transition metal ions, where both spin-orbit coupling and electron correlation effect play an important role. Here, motivated by these transition metal series with effective doping or mixed valence case, we propose the possible realization of magnetic Chern insulators at quarter filled honeycomb lattice. We show that the interplay of intrinsic spin-orbit coupling and electron correlation opens a wide region of ferromagnetic Chern insulating phases in between metals and normal insulators...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332381/the-significant-role-of-mg-stoichiometry-in-designing-high-thermoelectric-performance-for-mg3-sb-bi-2-based-n-type-zintls
#7
Jing Shuai, Binghui Ge, Jun Mao, Shaowei Song, Yumei Wang, Zhifeng Ren
Complex structures with versatile chemistry provide considerable chemical tunability of the transport properties. Good thermoelectric materials are generally extrinsically doped semiconductors with optimal carrier concentrations, while charged intrinsic defects (e.g., vacancies, interstitials) can also adjust the carriers, even in the compounds with no apparent deviation from a stoichiometric nominal composition. Here we report that in Zintl compounds Mg3+xSb1.5Bi0.5, the carrier concentration can be tuned from p-type to n-type by simply altering the initial Mg concentration...
January 14, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330931/teaching-learning-tips-4-motivation-and-emotion-in-learning
#8
Elizabeth R Lemoine, Janelle S Nassim, Jasmine Rana, Susan Burgin
Challenge: Trainees' motivational and emotional states can influence their learning and career decisions, but historically these "affective" learning factors have received little attention in medical education. In this "Tips" piece, we outline strategies to positively influence trainees' intrinsic motivation and emotion toward their training to ultimately enhance their overall learning experience.
February 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327495/challenge-and-hindrance-demands-lead-to-employees-health-and-behaviours-through-intrinsic-motivation
#9
Minseo Kim, Terry A Beehr
Based on the job demand-resource theory, this study examined the differential relationships of two types of job demands, challenge and hindrance stressors, with three outcomes: ill health, organizational citizenship behaviour, and work engagement. These relationships were mediated by two personal resources: psychological empowerment and organization-based self-esteem (OBSE). Data were collected at two separate points, 2 weeks apart. With 336 full-time U.S. employees, results from path analysis indicated that the challenge stressor, workload, was positively related to psychological empowerment and OBSE, both of which were in turn positively related to good work behaviours as well as negatively related to ill health, an indication that employees experienced physical symptoms and psychological strains...
January 12, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316821/evaluation-of-a-functional-hand-orthosis-combined-with-electrical-stimulation-adjunct-to-arm-hand-rehabilitation-in-subacute-stroke-patients-with-a-severely-to-moderately-affected-hand-function
#10
Johan Anton Franck, Rob Johannes Elise Marie Smeets, Henk Alexander Maria Seelen
PURPOSE: To investigate the usability and effectiveness of a functional hand orthosis, combined with electrical stimulation adjunct to therapy-as-usual, on functional use of the moderately/severely impaired hand in sub-acute stroke patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single case experiment (A-B-A'-design) involving eight sub-acute stroke patients. The functional hand orthosis and electrical stimulation were used for six weeks, four days/week, 45'/day. OUTCOME MEASURES: Action_Research_Arm_Test, Intrinsic_Motivation_Inventory...
January 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313745/factors-associated-with-tobacco-use-among-iranian-adolescents-an-application-of-protection-motivation-theory
#11
Leila Sabzmakan, Mahmood Ghasemi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Tahereh Kamalikhah, Mosharafeh Chaleshgar Kordasiabi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is a significant predisposing factor to many diseases. Protection motivation theory is a well-suited theory, since fear can motivate individuals to change their unhealthy behaviors. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to examine the associations between the constructs of this theory with intention and tobacco use behavior. METHOD: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in Noshahr, Iran. The participants were 440 high school boys selected using a stratified random sampling in 2016...
January 9, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298219/declining-physical-activity-and-motivation-from-middle-school-to-high-school
#12
Rod K Dishman, Kerry L McIver, Marsha Dowda, Russell R Pate
PURPOSE: To determine whether naturally-occurring changes in intrinsic motivation, behavioral regulation, and goals mitigate declining physical activity among adolescents. METHODS: Latent growth modeling was applied in tests of change in intrinsic motivation, facets of behavioral regulation, and their interactions with goals on change in physical activity measured by accelerometer in a cohort of 260 boys and girls evaluated longitudinally from 6th through 9th grades...
January 2, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294812/workplace-bullying-and-work-engagement-a-self-determination-model
#13
Alan K Goodboy, Matthew M Martin, San Bolkan
This study modeled motivational mechanisms that explain the negative effects of workplace bullying on work engagement. Guided by self-determination theory, workplace bullying was predicted to decrease worker engagement indirectly, due to the denial of employees' basic psychological needs and their intrinsic motivation to work. From a sample of 243 full-time employees, serial multiple mediation models revealed that the indirect relationships between workplace bullying and work engagement (i.e., vigor, dedication, absorption) were serially mediated by basic psychological needs and intrinsic motivation to work...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291424/enhanced-incentive-motivation-in-obesity-prone-rats-is-mediated-by-nac-core-cp-ampars
#14
Rifka C Derman, Carrie R Ferrario
Studies in humans suggest that stronger incentive motivational responses to Pavlovian food cues may drive over-consumption leading to and maintaining obesity, particularly in susceptible individuals. However, whether this enhanced incentive motivation emerges as a consequence of obesity or rather precedes obesity is unknown. Moreover, while human imaging studies have provided important information about differences in striatal responsiveness between susceptible and non-susceptible individuals, the neural mechanisms mediating these behavioral differences are unknown...
December 29, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279456/exploring-attractiveness-of-the-basic-sciences-for-female-physicians
#15
Yuka Yamazaki, Shinji Fukushima, Yuki Kozono, Takanori Uka, Eiji Marui
In Japan, traditional gender roles of women, especially the role of motherhood, may cause early career resignations in female physicians and a shortage of female researchers. Besides this gender issue, a general physician shortage is affecting basic science fields. Our previous study suggested that female physicians could be good candidates for the basic sciences because such work offers good work-life balance. However, the attractiveness for female physicians of working in the basic sciences, including work-life balance, is not known...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279212/two-pedals-drive-the-bi-cycle-of-violence-reactive-and-appetitive-aggression
#16
REVIEW
Thomas Elbert, Maggie Schauer, James K Moran
The Good: when you fight to counter threat, your aggression is a reactive defense, and often morally justifiable. The Bad: when you loot and rob, hurt and kill, to obtain social status or material goods, that is an extrinsic reward. This is instrumental aggression. And The Ugly: The intrinsic enjoyment of violence. This 'appetitive aggression' describes a lust for violence, underlying first-person shooter gamers, hunting, and extreme acts of violence, such as murder and massacres. Although violence often results from a combination of these forms of aggression, the differentiation is necessary to understand their interplay, as they drive two interconnected cycles of violence: the reactive cycle, fueled by the motivation to overcome negative feelings, and the hedonically driven appetitive cycle...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277974/registered-nurse-intent-to-promote-physical-activity-for-hospitalised-liver-transplant-recipients
#17
Jocelyn A Pearson, Kara Mangold, Heidi E Kosiorek, Morgan Montez, Diane M Smith, Brenda J Tyler
AIM: To describe how registered nurse work motivation, attitudes, subjective norm and perceived behavioural control influence intention to promote physical activity in hospitalised adult liver transplant recipients. DESIGN: Descriptive study of clinical registered nurses caring for recipients of liver transplant at a tertiary medical centre. METHODS: Intent to Mobilise Liver Transplant Recipient Scale, Work Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation Scale, and demographics were used to explore registered nurses' work motivation, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioural control and intention to promote physical activity of hospitalised adult liver transplant recipients during the acute postoperative phase...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277114/developing-a-falls-prevention-program-for-community-dwelling-stroke-survivors-in-singapore-client-and-caregiver-perspectives
#18
Tianma Xu, Kate O'Loughlin, Lindy Clemson, Natasha A Lannin, Catherine Dean, Gerald Koh
PURPOSE: Drawing on the perspectives of stroke survivors, family members and domestic helpers, this study explores participants' experiences of self-perceived fall risk factors after stroke, common fall prevention strategies used, and challenges to community participation after a fall. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in Singapore with community-dwelling stroke survivors with a previous fall (n = 9), family caregivers (n = 4), and domestic helpers (n = 4) who have cared for a stroke survivor with a previous fall...
December 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276640/organizational-ostracism-a-potential-framework-in-order-to-deal-with-it
#19
Mona Mlika, Mehdi Ben Khelil, Nidhal Haj Salem
Background: Organizational ostracism is defined as a violation of norms that we are suggested to acknowledge at the workplace. It results in the exclusion of one person or multiple persons, and causes damage to our innate need to belong. This kind of behaviorism can be engaged through a hierarchical or nonhierarchical relationship. Three elements interact in the framework of organizational ostracism: the actor, the target, and the institution. Our aim was to describe the different factors interacting with every element in order to produce recommendations targeting to prevent the occurrence of such behaviorism in an institution and to help targets of such a violence in order to handle this situation and go forward...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274494/an-integrative-review-developing-and-measuring-creativity-in-nursing
#20
REVIEW
Xing Ma, Yuanyuan Yang, Xue Wang, Yuli Zang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and synthesise the existing evidence on creativity in nursing. DESIGN: An integrative review. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search was conducted using seven English databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Web of Science, Cochrane, EBSCO, Wiley, and Medline) and the top three best Chinese databases (CNKI, Wanfang Data, and VIP). REVIEW METHODS: The combined keywords, creativity and nursing/nurse, were used to search for relevant journal articles that were written in English or Chinese from January 1995 to December 2016...
December 13, 2017: Nurse Education Today
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