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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731779/arthroscopic-labral-base-repair-in-the-hip-5-year-minimum-clinical-outcomes
#1
Benjamin G Domb, Leslie C Yuen, Victor Ortiz-Declet, Jody Litrenta, Itay Perets, Austin W Chen
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic labral base repair (LBR) in the hip is a previously described technique designed to restore the native functional anatomy of the labrum by reproducing its seal against the femoral head. LBR has been shown to have good short-term outcomes. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to evaluate clinical outcomes of an LBR cohort with a minimum 5-year follow-up. It was hypothesized that patients who underwent LBR would continue to have significant improvement from their preoperative scores and maintain scores similar to their 2-year outcomes...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728139/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-influence-of-the-neighborhood-environment-on-recreational-walking-within-the-neighborhood-results-from-reside
#2
Hayley Christian, Matthew Knuiman, Mark Divitini, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Bryan Boruff, Fiona Bull, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: There is limited longitudinal evidence confirming the role of neighborhood environment attributes in encouraging people to walk more or if active people simply choose to live in activity-friendly neighborhoods. Natural experiments of policy changes to create more walkable communities provide stronger evidence for a causal effect of neighborhood environments on residents' walking. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate longitudinal associations between objective and perceived neighborhood environment measures and neighborhood recreational walking...
July 12, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722591/serological-evidence-of-rickettsia-spp-in-western-australian-dogs
#3
Mark David Bennett, Mohammad Yazid Abdad, John Stenos
It has been claimed that dogs can be useful sentinels for public health monitoring of vector-borne infectious diseases, including Rickettsia spp. We used 153 canine blood samples opportunistically collected at Murdoch University Veterinary Hospital and 156 canine sera collected from Aboriginal communities in northwest Western Australia to test for evidence of Rickettsia spp. exposure, using microimmunofluorescence (MIF) in the latter case, and both MIF and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the former. Conventional and real-time PCR failed to amplify any Rickettsia spp...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714296/-68-ga-somatostatin-analogue-pet-ct-analysis-of-costs-and-benefits-in-a-public-hospital-setting
#4
Tatiana Segard, Laurence Mja Morandeau, Elizabeth A Geelhoed, Roslyn J Francis
INTRODUCTION: Between 2009 and 2012, (68) Ga-somatostatin analogue PET-CT progressively replaced (111) In-octreotide scintigraphy for imaging neuroendocrine tumours in WA public hospitals due to published literature demonstrating improved diagnostic accuracy and increased availability. Despite significantly improved sensitivity and specificity, (68) Ga-somatostatin analogue PET is currently unfunded in Australia. This study sought to undertake cost analysis of the two modalities in a public hospital setting and to compare them with regard to patient factors such as imaging time and radiation dose...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710973/identification-of-high-risk-metropolitan-intersection-sites-in-perth-australia
#5
Michelle Hobday, Kyle Chow, Lynn Meuleners, Fritha Argus
As convergence points for road users approaching from multiple directions, intersections have more opportunities for conflicts, thus higher crash risk than other parts of the road network. Given the limited resources available for road safety, it is important to identify high risk intersections so that they can be prioritised for infrastructure improvement. This study used a three-stage approach to identify intersections in Perth, Western Australia: using Road Trauma Risk Analysis, then Comparative Safety Performance Analysis and finally ranking the intersections by the KSI (Killed and Serious Injury) metric...
July 12, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697803/effects-of-a-physical-activity-and-nutrition-program-in-retirement-villages-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Jonine Jancey, Anne-Marie Holt, Andy Lee, Deborah Kerr, Suzanne Robinson, Li Tang, A S Anderson, Andrew Hills, Peter Howat
BACKGROUND: This cluster randomised controlled trial aimed to determine if a 6- month home-based intervention could improve the physical activity and dietary behaviours of adults aged 60 to 80 years living in retirement villages located in Perth, Western Australia. METHODS: Participants (n = 363) from 38 retirement villages were recruited into the trial and allocated to the intervention (n = 197: 17 sites) or control (n = 166: 21 sites) group and were blinded...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695565/dental-patch-testing-in-patients-with-undifferentiated-oral-lichen-planus
#7
Shevya M Tiwari, Kurt Gebauer, Agnieszka M Frydrych, Sally Burrows
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Distinguishing between oral lichen planus (LP) and lichenoid reactions to dental restorations can be impossible on clinical and histopathological grounds. Epicutaneous patch testing is an investigation that may guide patients and physicians in making timely and costly decisions to replace or cover existing dental restorations. This study aimed to assess the role of epicutaneous patch testing with a battery of dental allergens in patients with undifferentiated oral LP...
July 11, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689634/impact-of-the-australian-gender-specific-thresholds-using-the-abbott-high-sensitivity-troponin-i-assay-in-clinical-care
#8
Robert Bender, Faith Njue, Samuel Vasikaran, Ramon Lambert, Jamie Rankin, Graham S Hillis, Damon A Bell
The aim of this study was to ascertain the impact of gender specific hs-TnI thresholds in a clinical setting and determine the clinical characteristics and discharge diagnosis for individuals presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with elevated troponin I with the Abbott high-sensitivity troponin I (hs-TnI) assay, but non-elevated troponin I on the previous generation assay (STAT TnI-II). Medical records of individuals presenting to the Royal Perth Hospital ED with elevated hs-TnI between 12 November 2013 and 24 December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
July 6, 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678149/periacetabular-quadruple-osteotomy-of-the-pelvis-in-older-children-computed-tomography-scan-analysis-of-acetabular-retroversion-and-anterior-overcoverage-of-the-hip-preventing-femoral-acetabular-impingement
#9
Roger Jawish, Hassan Najdi, Ali Krayan
The periacetabular quadruple osteotomy of the pelvis (QOP), with the osteotomy of ischial spine to release the sacrospinal ligament, is reserved for older children with low potential of remodeling. Different parameters were studied with computed tomography (CT) scan before (pre-OH) and after surgery (post-OH) and for nonoperated hip (NOH). The study determined an optimal method to avoid retroversion and excessive anterior coverage. Fifteen QOP were performed in 13 patients, ranging in age from 10 to 15 years...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674737/systematic-review-of-the-outcome-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-sequelae-of-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease
#10
Sammy A Hanna, Khaled M Sarraf, Manoj Ramachandran, Pramod Achan
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with sequelae of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCP) is technically demanding because of the disease related deformities occuring in the proximal femur and/or the multiplanar deformities secondary to corrective osteotomies in childhood. Little is known about the long-term outcome of the procedure in this challenging group of patients. METHODS: We carried out a systematic review of the literature to determine the functional outcome, complications and revision rate of THA in patients with sequelae of LCP disease...
July 3, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673213/primary-prevention-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-prospective-single-centre-study-of-the-risk-factors-for-invasive-pneumococcal-disease
#11
A R Chapman, E L Litton
Invasive pneumococcal disease is a significant health burden in Australia, with immunisation recommended for children and at-risk adults. Health benefits of immunisation are clear, but less effective when immunisation rates are low, as in Western Australia. We hypothesised that patients admitted unplanned to the intensive care unit (ICU) would have high eligibility for pneumococcal immunisation, but low rates of recorded vaccine administration. We performed a prospective observational study of 119 emergency admissions to Royal Perth ICU, a 20-bed mixed ICU at a tertiary teaching hospital in Western Australia...
July 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670702/occupational-therapy-australia-27th-national-conference-and-exhibition-19-21-july-2017-perth-convention-and-exhibition-centre-western-australia
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664634/comparable-glycemic-outcomes-for-pediatric-type-1-diabetes-patients-in-metropolitan-and-non-metropolitan-regions-of-western-australia-a-population-based-study
#13
Kiranjit K Joshi, Aveni Haynes, Grant Smith, Timothy W Jones, Elizabeth A Davis
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in Western Australia (WA) are managed by a single, specialist multidisciplinary diabetes service based at a central tertiary hospital in the capital city, Perth, which provides outreach care in regional centers. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hypothesis that outcomes for a contemporary, population-based pediatric T1D cohort, managed by a single tertiary service are similar for metropolitan and non-metropolitan patients using this model of care...
June 30, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663408/a-long-term-follow-up-study-of-the-clinical-and-radiographic-outcome-of-distal-trochanteric-transfer-in-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease-following-varus-derotational-osteotomy
#14
N Shohat, R Gilat, R Shitrit, Y Smorgick, Y Beer, G Agar
AIMS: To assess the long-term effect of distal trochanteric transfer (DTT) on the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes' disease (LCPD) following a varus derotational osteotomy (VDRO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: For this single centre cross-sectional retrospective study we analysed the data of 22 patients (24 hips) with LCPD who had greater trochanteric overgrowth (GTO), following a VDRO performed in our institution between 1959 and 1983...
July 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661009/the-effect-of-geographic-location-on-circannual-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-plasma-concentrations-in-horses-in-australia
#15
C J Secombe, R H H Tan, D I Perara, D P Byrne, S P Watts, J G Wearn
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal evaluation of plasma endogenous ACTH concentration in clinically normal horses has not been investigated in the Southern Hemisphere. OBJECTIVES: To longitudinally determine monthly upper reference limits for plasma ACTH in 2 disparate Australian geographic locations and to examine whether location affected the circannual rhythm of endogenous ACTH in the 2 groups of horses over a 12-month period. ANIMALS: Clinically normal horses <20 years of age from 4 properties (institutional herd and client owned animals) in Perth (n = 40) and Townsville (n = 41) were included in the study...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651508/quality-sleep-using-earplugs-in-the-intensive-care-unit-the-quiet-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Edward Litton, Rosalind Elliott, Janet Ferrier, Steven A R Webb
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a definitive, randomised controlled trial of earplugs as a noise-abatement strategy to improve sleep and reduce delirium in patients admitted to the intensive care unit. DESIGN AND SETTING: An open-label trial of 40 patients randomised in a 1:1 ratio to receive earplugs in addition to standard care, or standard care alone, conducted in a 10-bed ICU of a large, private hospital in Perth, Western Australia. PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION: Patients were eligible for participation if they were expected to be undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV) on admission to the ICU...
June 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649328/spatiotemporal-variation-in-mechanisms-driving-regional-scale-population-dynamics-of-a-threatened-grassland-bird
#17
Danielle M Ethier, Nicola Koper, Thomas D Nudds
To achieve national population targets for migratory birds, landscape-level conservation approaches are increasingly encouraged. However, knowledge of the mechanisms that drive spatiotemporal patterns in population dynamics are needed to inform scale-variant policy development. Using hierarchical Bayesian models and variable selection, we determined by which mechanism(s), and to what extent, changes in quantity and quality of surrogate grassland habitats contributed to regional variation in population trends of an obligatory grassland bird, Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorous)...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647095/increased-detection-of-blunt-carotid-and-vertebral-artery-injury-after-implementation-of-diagnostic-imaging-pathway-in-level-1-trauma-centre-in-western-australia
#18
Manimaran Sinnathamby, Sudhakar V Rao, Dieter G Weber
BACKGROUND: The incidence of Blunt Carotid Artery and Vertebral Artery Injury (BCVI) is relatively low in modern trauma practice. However, these injuries may be associated with severe neurological consequences. Following the introduction of a Diagnostic Imaging Pathway in Department of Health of Western Australia, we hypothesized that this injury would be less likely to be missed, and accordingly diagnosed more frequently. METHOD: A review of all major trauma (Injury Severity Scale>15) admissions at the State Major Trauma Centre in Royal Perth Hospital was undertaken from 1995 until 2013...
June 13, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646734/investigating-articulated-heavy-vehicle-crashes-in-western-australia-using-a-spatial-approach
#19
Ori Gudes, Richard Varhol, Qian Chayn Sun, Lynn Meuleners
BACKGROUND: Recent developments in Western Australia's economy including widespread traffic congestion as well as road safety issues are increasingly becoming prominent. Previous studies relied on traditional statistical methods to investigate patterns and characteristics of motor vehicle crashes. Although useful, statistical analysis alone is incapable of providing a spatial context and is therefore unable to associate existing crash characteristics with a spatial distribution. AIMS: To identify concentrations or "hotspots" of articulated heavy vehicle crashes in WA between the years 2001-2013, by using a spatial analysis approach...
June 21, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645969/protocol-for-the-residents-in-action-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-riat-evaluating-a-behaviour-change-intervention-to-promote-walking-reduce-sitting-and-improve-mental-health-in-physically-inactive-older-adults-in-retirement-villages
#20
Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Ashlene Wright, Eleanor Quested, Elissa Burton, Keith D Hill, Ester Cerin, Stuart J H Biddle, Nikos Ntoumanis
INTRODUCTION: Ageing is accompanied by increased risks of chronic disease, declined functioning and increased dependency. Physical activity is critical to retaining health and independence, but the majority of older people are insufficiently physically active to achieve these benefits and have high levels of sedentary (sitting) time. Activity programmes are often offered in retirement villages; however, their uptake is limited. Furthermore, although the physical environment in and around these villages can play an important role in decisions to be physically active, its role is often overlooked by research in these settings...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
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