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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334547/origin-of-cam-morphology-in-femoroacetabular-impingement
#1
William Z Morris, Ryan T Li, Raymond W Liu, Michael J Salata, James T Voos
Cam morphology of the proximal femur is an abnormal contour of the femoral head-neck junction present in approximately 15% to 25% of the asymptomatic population, predominantly in males. Alpha angle and femoral head-neck offset ratio are 2 objective measurement tools that define cam morphology. Both primary (idiopathic) and secondary cam deformity develops through distinct mechanisms. The cause of primary (idiopathic) cam morphology remains incompletely understood. Mounting evidence suggests that idiopathic cam morphology develops during adolescence through alterations in the capital femoral epiphysis in response to participation in vigorous sporting activity...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326047/preventing-internalizing-problems-in-young-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-feelings-and-friends-year-3-program-with-a-motor-skills-component
#2
Ruhamah G Tennant, Katie K Martin, Rosanna Rooney, Sharinaz Hassan, Robert T Kane
Anxiety and depression are common mental health problems experienced by children in Australia. The impact of these internalizing disorders is pervasive, affecting many areas of life. By the time problems have been detected in children they can be severe in nature and harder to treat. Hence, early intervention is of utmost importance. Despite the existence of numerous prevention programs for children, there is limited empirical evidence for a program that has an impact on symptoms of both anxiety and depression...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295745/does-alcohol-outlet-density-differ-by-area-level-disadvantage-in-metropolitan-perth
#3
Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Matthew Knuiman, Georgina Trapp, Lisa Wood
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Research suggests that there are area-level disparities in alcohol outlets, with greater density in disadvantaged areas. In part, this might be explained by the inequitable distribution of retail, attracted by lower rents to disadvantaged neighbourhoods. This ecological study examines the distribution of liquor licences in Perth, Australia, and whether discrepancies in the distribution of retail land-uses could account for a socio-economic gradient. DESIGN AND METHODS: Area disadvantage was determined for each Statistical Area 1 (SA1) using the Australian Bureau of Statistics Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage, and licence locations were mapped in GIS...
March 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290756/denosumab-and-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-perthes-disease-in-a-9-year-old-boy-favorable-course-documented-by-comprehensive-imaging-a-case-report
#4
A Ludwig Meiss, Florian Barvencik, Kornelia Babin, Gerald Eggers-Stroeder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290307/a-probable-case-of-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease-in-warring-states-era-china
#5
Elizabeth Berger, Liang Chen, Zhouyong Sun, Zhanwei Sun
Reports of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) in the paleopathological literature are rare. Here, the authors present a probable case of LCPD, which presents as abnormal morphology of the proximal femur. The condition was observed in an individual of the Warring States period in Shaanxi Province, China, and the morphology involves a "mushroom head" deformity of the proximal right femur and an enlarged acetabulum, along with a contralateral tibia, talus, and navicular that are enlarged and demonstrate periosteal new bone formation...
March 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280908/a-prospective-evaluation-of-proximal-hamstring-tendon-avulsions-improved-functional-outcomes-following-surgical-repair
#6
William G Blakeney, Simon R Zilko, Steven J Edmonston, Natalie E Schupp, Peter T Annear
PURPOSE: Avulsion of the proximal hamstring tendons is an uncommon injury. To date, few studies have prospectively evaluated outcomes of surgical repair. The aim of the present study is to review the functional outcomes of surgical repair of proximal hamstring tendon avulsions. METHODS: This is a prospective series of 96 consecutive proximal hamstring surgical repairs in 94 patients, with a median age of 50 years and median follow-up of 33 months (range 12-58). Functional outcomes were assessed using the Perth Hamstring Assessment Tool (PHAT)-a validated scoring system for proximal hamstring injuries...
March 9, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277416/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-hardware-related-complications-after-proximal-femoral-osteotomy-in-children-and-adolescents
#7
Myung Ki Chung, Soon-Sun Kwon, Byung Chae Cho, Gye Wang Lee, Jaeyoung Kim, Seung Jun Moon, Jae Woo Lee, Chin Youb Chung, Ki Hyuk Sung, Kyoung Min Lee, Moon Seok Park
Proximal femoral osteotomy has been used in cerebral palsy, Perthes disease, hip dysplasia, idiopathic femoral anteversion, and various hip diseases in children and adolescents. Conventionally, a blade plate (BP) has been used. However, the pediatric locking compression plate (LCP) has recently been applied widely. We compared the hardware-related complications of the BP and the LCP as well as the factors influencing these complications in patients who have undergone a proximal femoral osteotomy in children and adolescents...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257427/phylogenetic-relationships-of-the-ha-and-na-genes-between-vaccine-and-seasonal-influenza-a-h3n2-strains-in-korea
#8
Jin Il Kim, Ilseob Lee, Sehee Park, Joon-Yong Bae, Kirim Yoo, Hee Jin Cheong, Ji Yun Noh, Kyung Wook Hong, Philippe Lemey, Bram Vrancken, Juwon Kim, Misun Nam, Soo-Hyeon Yun, Woo In Cho, Joon Young Song, Woo Joo Kim, Mee Sook Park, Jin-Won Song, Sun-Ho Kee, Ki-Joon Song, Man-Seong Park
Seasonal influenza is caused by two influenza A subtype (H1N1 and H3N2) and two influenza B lineage (Victoria and Yamagata) viruses. Of these antigenically distinct viruses, the H3N2 virus was consistently detected in substantial proportions in Korea during the 2010/11-2013/14 seasons when compared to the other viruses and appeared responsible for the influenza-like illness rate peak during the first half of the 2011/12 season. To further scrutinize possible causes for this, we investigated the evolutionary and serological relationships between the vaccine and Korean H3N2 strains during the 2011/12 season for the main antigenic determinants of influenza viruses, the hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA) genes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257079/-looking-over-the-backyard-fence-householders-and-mosquito-control
#9
Samir Mainali, Ram Sharan Lamichhane, Kim Clark, Shelley Beatty, Maria Fatouros, Peter Neville, Jacques Oosthuizen
(1) Background: Vector-borne diseases are a significant public health problem in Western Australia. Mosquitoes are responsible for the transmission of a number of pathogens and may pose a serious nuisance problem. Prevention efforts in the State are multi-faceted and include physical, chemical, and cultural control methods for restricting mosquito breeding. This is less complex where breeding areas are located within public open spaces. In Australia's developed urban areas, breeding sites are, however, frequently located within private residential landholdings, where the scope of public health officials to act is constrained by law and practicality...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256045/two-cases-of-legg-perthes-and-intellectual-disability-in-tricho-rhino-phalangeal-syndrome-type-1-associated-with-novel-trps1-mutations
#10
Jordana L Gilman, Heather A Newman, Rebecca Freeman, Kathryn E Singh, Rebecca L Puckett, David K Morohashi, Constance Stein, Kathryn Palomino, Robert Roger Lebel, Virginia E Kimonis
Tricho-Rhino-Phalangeal syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder caused by mutations in the TRPS1 gene. This malformation syndrome is characterized by distinctive craniofacial features including sparse scalp hair, bulbous tip of the nose, long flat philtrum, thin upper vermilion border, and protruding ears. Skeletal abnormalities include cone-shaped epiphyses at the phalanges, hip malformations, and short stature. In this report, we describe two patients with the physical manifestations and genotype of TRPS type I but with learning/intellectual disability not typically described as part of the syndrome...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244282/descriptive-epidemiology-of-patients-undergoing-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-korea-with-focus-on-incidence-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-single-center-study
#11
Woo Yong Lee, Deuk Soo Hwang, Chang Kyun Noh
We analyzed the causes leading to total hip arthroplasty (THA), aimed to clarify the incidence of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) among the causes, and compared the incidence in Korea with those in other countries. From January 2000 to December 2014, 1,206 hips of 818 patients who underwent primary THA at our institute were reviewed retrospectively in terms of radiographs and electronic charts. The radiographs and radiographic parameters were reviewed and measured by 2 of the authors, who are orthopedic surgeons...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244232/abstracts-from-the-12th-annual-scientific-meeting-of-medical-imaging-and-radiation-therapy-perth-australia-24-26-march-2017
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219124/our-experience-in-using-telehealth-for-paediatric-plastic-surgery-in-western-australia
#13
Debesh Rimal, Ju Hui Huang Fu, David Gillett
BACKGROUND: Western Australia accounts for one-third of Australia's total land mass. Princess Margaret Hospital is the only dedicated plastic surgery tertiary referral centre providing services to over 500 000 children across the state. The aim of this study is to share our experience using telehealth for service provision and delivery of care in a geographically challenging setting. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted, and data were extracted from patients' notes...
February 20, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197752/surgical-dislocation-for-pediatric-and-adolescent-hip-deformity-clinical-and-radiographical-results-at-3%C3%A2-years-follow-up
#14
Nicola Guindani, Oliver Eberhardt, Thomas Wirth, Michele F Surace, Francisco F Fernandez
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical, radiographic short-term results and complications after surgical hip dislocation in young patients (≤18 years). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical and radiographic outcomes were assessed in patients who underwent a surgical hip dislocation Ganz-type approach between 2008 and 2012. Diagnosis included Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, femoroacetabular impingement, osteonecrosis of the femoral head, multiple hereditary exostoses and pigmented villonodular synovitis...
April 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168544/the-urban-dental-index-a-method-for-measuring-and-mapping-dental-health-disparities-across-urban-areas
#15
Emily Coles, Estie Kruger, Abed Aktam Anjrini, Marc Tennant
The aim of this study was to create an Urban Dental Index (UDI) for Perth, Western Australia, adapting a method utilised by the World Health Organisation. Dental health indicators were derived from the 2011 census, standardised on a (0,1) interval, amalgamated using a geometric mean, and mapped to identify dental health inequity. The validity of the UDI was tested by comparison with oral cellulitis data. Dental health disparities were examined using a ratio of the mean of the highest to lowest decile and slope of the eight middle deciles...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155963/stereoisomers-of-oseltamivir-synthesis-in-silico-prediction-and-biological-evaluation
#16
Viktória Hajzer, Roman Fišera, Attila Latika, Július Durmis, Jakub Kollár, Vladimír Frecer, Zuzana Tučeková, Stanislav Miertuš, František Kostolanský, Eva Varečková, Radovan Šebesta
Oseltamivir is an important antiviral drug, which possess three chirality centers in its structure. From eight possible stereoisomers, only two have been synthesized and evaluated so far. We describe herein the stereoselective synthesis, computational activity prediction and biological testing of another three diastereoisomers of oseltamivir. These isomers have been synthesized using stereoselective organocatalytic Michael addition, cyclization and reduction. Their binding to viral neuraminidase N1 of influenza A virus was evaluated by quantum-chemical calculations and their anti-influenza activities were tested by an in vitro virus-inhibition assay...
February 3, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146107/irnss-navic-l5-attitude-determination
#17
Safoora Zaminpardaz, Peter J G Teunissen, Nandakumaran Nadarajah
The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) has recently (May 2016) become fully-operational and has been provided with the operational name of NavIC (Navigation with Indian Constellation). It has been developed by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) with the objective of offering positioning, navigation and timing (PNT) to the users in its service area. This contribution provides for the first time an assessment of the IRNSS L5-signal capability to achieve instantaneous attitude determination on the basis of data collected in Perth, Australia...
January 30, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145951/outcome-after-combined-pelvic-and-femoral-osteotomies-in-patients-with-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease
#18
N Mosow, E Vettorazzi, S Breyer, K Ridderbusch, R Stücker, M Rupprecht
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome at skeletal maturity of combined pelvic and femoral varus osteotomies in children with Legg-Calvé-Perthes (LCP) disease. METHODS: From January 1998 to December 2009, 69 patients with LCP disease underwent combined osteotomies at our institution. Fifty-two children (19 girls and 33 boys) met the inclusion criteria and were enrolled in the study. The LCP disease was classified and the cases of all patients were reviewed at skeletal maturity...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145453/high-prevalence-of-toxigenic-clostridium-difficile-in-public-space-lawns-in-western-australia
#19
Peter Moono, Su Chen Lim, Thomas V Riley
Clostridium difficile is a well-established hospital pathogen. Recently, it has been detected increasingly in patients without hospital contact. Given this rise in community associated infections with C. difficile, we hypothesized that the environment could play an important role in transmission of spores outside the hospital. Lawn samples (311) collected in public spaces in the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia, from February to June 2016 were cultured for C. difficile. C. difficile was isolated from the samples by direct and enrichment culture, and characterized by standard molecular methods using toxin gene PCR and ribotyping...
February 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139190/patient-specific-instrumentation-for-total-knee-arthroplasty
#20
Arash Nabavi, Caroline M Olwill, Mike Do, Tanya Wanasawage, Ian A Harris
PURPOSE: To assess the accuracy of total knee replacements (TKRs) performed using CT-based patient-specific instrumentation by postoperative CT scan. METHOD: Approval from the Ethics Committee was granted prior to commencement of this study. Fifty prospective and consecutive patients who had undergone TKR (Evolis, Medacta International) using CT-based patient-specific instrumentation (MY KNEE, Medacta International) were assessed postoperatively using a CT scan and the validated Perth protocol measurement technique...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
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