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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812206/differences-in-femoral-neck-structure-between-elderly-caucasian-and-chinese-populations-a-cross-sectional-study-of-perth-beijing-cohorts
#1
L Wang, B C C Khoo, X G Cheng, K Brown, J R Lewis, Y B Su, Z Guo, K Li, R L Prince
Structural skeletal differences of the femoral neck of older Beijing-Chinese and Perth-Caucasian women were compared; adjusting for frame size-related differences, Beijing-Chinese have lower periosteal width; however, indices of internal bone distribution suggest that Beijing-Chinese may exhibit increased resistance to fracture that may relate to the reduced hip fracture incidence. INTRODUCTION: Ethnic differences in skeletal structure may relate to differences in hip fracture risk in Chinese and Caucasian populations...
August 15, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768789/a-case-control-study-to-determine-the-association-between-perthes-disease-and-the-recalled-use-of-tobacco-during-pregnancy-and-biological-markers-of-current-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#2
D C Perry, C Thomson, D Pope, C E Bruce, M J Platt
AIMS: It is well established that there is a strong association between Perthes' disease and worsening socioeconomic deprivation. It has been suggested that the primary determinant driving this association is exposure to tobacco smoke. This study aimed to examine this hypothesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A hospital case-control study (n = 149/146) examined the association between tobacco smoke exposure and Perthes' disease, adjusting for area-level socioeconomic deprivation...
August 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767613/effect-of-greater-trochanteric-epiphysiodesis-after-femoral-varus-osteotomy-for-lateral-pillar-classification-b-and-b-c-border-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease-a-retrospective-observational-study
#3
Keun-Sang Kwon, Sung Il Wang, Ju-Hyung Lee, Young Jae Moon, Jung Ryul Kim
This is a retrospective observational study. Greater trochanteric epiphysiodesis (GTE) has been recommended to prevent Trendelenburg gait and limitation of the hip joint motion due to trochanteric overgrowth after femoral varus osteotomy (FVO) in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD). However, capital femoral physeal arrest frequently occurs in patients with severe disease (lateral pillar C), so GTE might not be as effective in these patients. The aim of this study was to compare trochanteric growth inhibition due to GTE after FVO between 2 age groups (<8 or >8 years) in patients with lateral pillar B and B/C border LCPD and evaluate the effectiveness of GTE compared with the normal, unaffected hip...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764110/urban-environments-alter-parasite-fauna-weight-and-reproductive-activity-in-the-quenda-isoodon-obesulus
#4
Alison E Hillman, Alan J Lymbery, Aileen D Elliot, R C Andrew Thompson
Some wildlife species are capable of surviving in urbanised environments. However, the implications of urbanisation on wildlife health, and public health regarding zoonoses, are often unknown. Quenda (syn. southern brown bandicoots, Isoodon obesulus) survive in many areas of Perth, Australia, despite urbanisation. This study investigated differences in gastrointestinal and macroscopic ecto-parasitic infections, morphometrics and reproductive status between bushland and urban dwelling quenda. 287 quenda in the greater Perth region were captured and sampled for faeces (to detect gastrointestinal parasites), blood (to detect Toxoplasma gondii antibodies), ectoparasites, and morphometrics...
July 26, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760802/this-much-water-a-qualitative-study-using-behavioural-theory-to-develop-a-community-service-video-to-prevent-child-drowning-in-western-australia
#5
Mel Denehy, Justine E Leavy, Jonine Jancey, Lauren Nimmo, Gemma Crawford
OBJECTIVES: Drowning in children under the age of 5 is a frequently occurring, yet preventable event. This research used behavioural theory to test the suitability and appropriateness of a drowning prevention message in a community service video. DESIGN: This qualitative study used content analysis of focus groups. Constructs from the Health Belief Model guided the data analysis. SETTING: Community organisations and playgrounds in Perth, Western Australia...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758970/practical-considerations-before-installing-ground-based-geodetic-infrastructure-for-integrated-insar-and-cgnss-monitoring-of-vertical-land-motion
#6
Amy L Parker, Will E Featherstone, Nigel T Penna, Mick S Filmer, Matt C Garthwaite
Continuously operating Global Navigation Satellite Systems (cGNSS) can be used to convert relative values of vertical land motion (VLM) derived from Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) to absolute values in a global or regional reference frame. Artificial trihedral corner reflectors (CRs) provide high-intensity and temporally stable reflections in SAR time series imagery, more so than naturally occurring permanent scatterers. Therefore, it is logical to co-locate CRs with cGNSS as ground-based geodetic infrastructure for the integrated monitoring of VLM...
July 31, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753225/review-of-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-technical-aspects-and-applications-in-the-musculoskeletal-system
#7
REVIEW
Parvinder Sujlana, Jan Skrok, Laura M Fayad
Although postcontrast imaging has been used for many years in musculoskeletal imaging, dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) MRI is not routinely used in many centers around the world. Unlike conventional contrast-enhanced sequences, DCE-MRI allows the evaluation of the temporal pattern of enhancement in the musculoskeletal system, perhaps best known for its use in oncologic applications (such as differentiating benign from malignant tumors, evaluating for treatment response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and differentiating postsurgical changes from residual tumor)...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740529/legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease-classifications-and-prognostic-factors
#8
REVIEW
Virginie Rampal, Jean-Luc Clément, Federico Solla
INTRODUCTION: Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease (LCPD) represents idiopathic avascular necrosis of femoral head in pediatric population. Indications for treatment depend mostly on prognosis about femoral head sphericity and hip congruence at the end of growth. The aim of this review is to highline prognostic factors of LCPD. METHODS: Bibliographic search in PubMed allowed selection of 33 articles concerning prognostic factors and/or classification of LCPD. CONCLUSION: Clinical factors of poor prognosis are overweight, female sex, age exceeding 6 years old, and lack of hip abduction...
January 2017: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731779/arthroscopic-labral-base-repair-in-the-hip-5-year-minimum-clinical-outcomes
#9
Benjamin G Domb, Leslie C Yuen, Victor Ortiz-Declet, Jody Litrenta, Itay Perets, Austin W Chen
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic labral base repair (LBR) in the hip is a previously described technique designed to restore the native functional anatomy of the labrum by reproducing its seal against the femoral head. LBR has been shown to have good short-term outcomes. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to evaluate clinical outcomes of an LBR cohort with a minimum 5-year follow-up. It was hypothesized that patients who underwent LBR would continue to have significant improvement from their preoperative scores and maintain scores similar to their 2-year outcomes...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728139/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-influence-of-the-neighborhood-environment-on-recreational-walking-within-the-neighborhood-results-from-reside
#10
Hayley Christian, Matthew Knuiman, Mark Divitini, Sarah Foster, Paula Hooper, Bryan Boruff, Fiona Bull, Billie Giles-Corti
BACKGROUND: There is limited longitudinal evidence confirming the role of neighborhood environment attributes in encouraging people to walk more or if active people simply choose to live in activity-friendly neighborhoods. Natural experiments of policy changes to create more walkable communities provide stronger evidence for a causal effect of neighborhood environments on residents' walking. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate longitudinal associations between objective and perceived neighborhood environment measures and neighborhood recreational walking...
July 12, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722591/serological-evidence-of-rickettsia-spp-in-western-australian-dogs
#11
Mark David Bennett, Mohammad Yazid Abdad, John Stenos
It has been claimed that dogs can be useful sentinels for public health monitoring of vector-borne infectious diseases, including Rickettsia spp. We used 153 canine blood samples opportunistically collected at Murdoch University Veterinary Hospital and 156 canine sera collected from Aboriginal communities in northwest Western Australia to test for evidence of Rickettsia spp. exposure, using microimmunofluorescence (MIF) in the latter case, and both MIF and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the former. Conventional and real-time PCR failed to amplify any Rickettsia spp...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714296/-68-ga-somatostatin-analogue-pet-ct-analysis-of-costs-and-benefits-in-a-public-hospital-setting
#12
Tatiana Segard, Laurence Mja Morandeau, Elizabeth A Geelhoed, Roslyn J Francis
INTRODUCTION: Between 2009 and 2012, (68) Ga-somatostatin analogue PET-CT progressively replaced (111) In-octreotide scintigraphy for imaging neuroendocrine tumours in WA public hospitals due to published literature demonstrating improved diagnostic accuracy and increased availability. Despite significantly improved sensitivity and specificity, (68) Ga-somatostatin analogue PET is currently unfunded in Australia. This study sought to undertake cost analysis of the two modalities in a public hospital setting and to compare them with regard to patient factors such as imaging time and radiation dose...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710973/identification-of-high-risk-metropolitan-intersection-sites-in-perth-australia
#13
Michelle Hobday, Kyle Chow, Lynn Meuleners, Fritha Argus
As convergence points for road users approaching from multiple directions, intersections have more opportunities for conflicts, thus higher crash risk than other parts of the road network. Given the limited resources available for road safety, it is important to identify high risk intersections so that they can be prioritised for infrastructure improvement. This study used a three-stage approach to identify intersections in Perth, Western Australia: using Road Trauma Risk Analysis, then Comparative Safety Performance Analysis and finally ranking the intersections by the KSI (Killed and Serious Injury) metric...
July 12, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697803/effects-of-a-physical-activity-and-nutrition-program-in-retirement-villages-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Jonine Jancey, Anne-Marie Holt, Andy Lee, Deborah Kerr, Suzanne Robinson, Li Tang, A S Anderson, Andrew Hills, Peter Howat
BACKGROUND: This cluster randomised controlled trial aimed to determine if a 6- month home-based intervention could improve the physical activity and dietary behaviours of adults aged 60 to 80 years living in retirement villages located in Perth, Western Australia. METHODS: Participants (n = 363) from 38 retirement villages were recruited into the trial and allocated to the intervention (n = 197: 17 sites) or control (n = 166: 21 sites) group and were blinded...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695565/dental-patch-testing-in-patients-with-undifferentiated-oral-lichen-planus
#15
Shevya M Tiwari, Kurt Gebauer, Agnieszka M Frydrych, Sally Burrows
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Distinguishing between oral lichen planus (LP) and lichenoid reactions to dental restorations can be impossible on clinical and histopathological grounds. Epicutaneous patch testing is an investigation that may guide patients and physicians in making timely and costly decisions to replace or cover existing dental restorations. This study aimed to assess the role of epicutaneous patch testing with a battery of dental allergens in patients with undifferentiated oral LP...
July 11, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689634/impact-of-the-australian-gender-specific-thresholds-using-the-abbott-high-sensitivity-troponin-i-assay-in-clinical-care
#16
Robert Bender, Faith Njue, Samuel Vasikaran, Ramon Lambert, Jamie Rankin, Graham S Hillis, Damon A Bell
The aim of this study was to ascertain the impact of gender specific hs-TnI thresholds in a clinical setting and determine the clinical characteristics and discharge diagnosis for individuals presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with elevated troponin I with the Abbott high-sensitivity troponin I (hs-TnI) assay, but non-elevated troponin I on the previous generation assay (STAT TnI-II). Medical records of individuals presenting to the Royal Perth Hospital ED with elevated hs-TnI between 12 November 2013 and 24 December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
August 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678149/periacetabular-quadruple-osteotomy-of-the-pelvis-in-older-children-computed-tomography-scan-analysis-of-acetabular-retroversion-and-anterior-overcoverage-of-the-hip-preventing-femoral-acetabular-impingement
#17
Roger Jawish, Hassan Najdi, Ali Krayan
The periacetabular quadruple osteotomy of the pelvis (QOP), with the osteotomy of ischial spine to release the sacrospinal ligament, is reserved for older children with low potential of remodeling. Different parameters were studied with computed tomography (CT) scan before (pre-OH) and after surgery (post-OH) and for nonoperated hip (NOH). The study determined an optimal method to avoid retroversion and excessive anterior coverage. Fifteen QOP were performed in 13 patients, ranging in age from 10 to 15 years...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674737/systematic-review-of-the-outcome-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-sequelae-of-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease
#18
Sammy A Hanna, Khaled M Sarraf, Manoj Ramachandran, Pramod Achan
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with sequelae of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCP) is technically demanding because of the disease related deformities occuring in the proximal femur and/or the multiplanar deformities secondary to corrective osteotomies in childhood. Little is known about the long-term outcome of the procedure in this challenging group of patients. METHODS: We carried out a systematic review of the literature to determine the functional outcome, complications and revision rate of THA in patients with sequelae of LCP disease...
August 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673213/primary-prevention-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-prospective-single-centre-study-of-the-risk-factors-for-invasive-pneumococcal-disease
#19
A R Chapman, E L Litton
Invasive pneumococcal disease is a significant health burden in Australia, with immunisation recommended for children and at-risk adults. Health benefits of immunisation are clear, but less effective when immunisation rates are low, as in Western Australia. We hypothesised that patients admitted unplanned to the intensive care unit (ICU) would have high eligibility for pneumococcal immunisation, but low rates of recorded vaccine administration. We performed a prospective observational study of 119 emergency admissions to Royal Perth ICU, a 20-bed mixed ICU at a tertiary teaching hospital in Western Australia...
July 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670702/occupational-therapy-australia-27th-national-conference-and-exhibition-19-21-july-2017-perth-convention-and-exhibition-centre-western-australia
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
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