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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764211/assessing-emotional-reactivity-psychometric-properties-of-the-perth-emotional-reactivity-scale-and-the-development-of-a-short-form
#1
David Preece, Rodrigo Becerra, Guillermo Campitelli
The Perth Emotional Reactivity Scale (PERS) is a 30-item self-report measure of trait levels of emotional reactivity. In this article, we examine the psychometric properties of the PERS subscale and composite scores in an adult community sample (N = 428), and develop an 18-item short form of the measure (PERS-S). The PERS and PERS-S are designed to assess the typical ease of activation, intensity, and duration of one's emotional responses, and do so for positive and negative emotions separately. Our confirmatory factor analyses supported that the PERS and PERS-S both had the same theoretically congruent factor structure, and that all subscale and composite scores displayed high internal consistency reliability...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762118/pediatric-orthopaedic-consults-from-chiropractic-care
#2
Andy B Awwad, William L Hennrikus, Douglas G Armstrong
Alternative medicine in pediatrics is expanding, with chiropractic now a common choice for families seeking alternative medical care. Currently, there is sparse information in the literature exploring the role of chiropractic in orthopaedic pathology. The objective of this case series is to present pediatric patients who received treatment from chiropractors and orthopaedic physicians as well as to review the respective existing research. Data collected included chiropractic diagnosis, orthopaedic diagnosis, imaging studies, treatments, and complications...
2018: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757715/accuracy-of-a-mobile-app-to-identify-suspect-asbestos-containing-material-in-australian-residential-settings
#3
Matthew H Govorko, Lin Fritschi, Alison Reid
In situ asbestos in the built environment is a remaining source of exposure in countries that have prohibited the manufacture and use of asbestos. However, it is difficult to identify in situ asbestos-containing material in residential settings. The objective of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the mobile phone application ("app"), ACM Check, in identifying in situ asbestos located inside and outside of homes compared with onsite inspections conducted by an experienced environmental consultant...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754748/retrospective-analysis-of-postoperative-interventions-in-mandibular-fractures-a-shift-towards-outpatient-day-surgery-care
#4
Shiva Subramaniam, Anthony Febbo, James Clohessy, Alexander Bobinskas
The management of fractured mandibles typically involves admission and operation at the time of presentation. While this should involve only a short stay in hospital these patients are surgically stable, and so priority is often given to more urgent cases. We retrospectively evaluated the postoperative medical requirements of patients who were operated on at Fiona Stanley Hospital, Perth, Western Australia between 1 January 2015 and 31 December 2016. Patients were excluded if they had had multiple facial fractures, multiple injuries, had fractures that were comminuted or in edentulous mandibles, and those who had been in hospital for preoperative medical investigations and care...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740516/the-pitfalls-of-short-range-endemism-high-vulnerability-to-ecological-and-landscape-traps
#5
Leanda D Mason, Philip W Bateman, Grant W Wardell-Johnson
Ecological traps attract biota to low-quality habitats. Landscape traps are zones caught in a vortex of spiralling degradation. Here, we demonstrate how short-range endemic (SRE) traits may make such taxa vulnerable to ecological and landscape traps. Three SRE species of mygalomorph spider were used in this study: Idiommata blackwalli, Idiosoma sigillatum and an undescribed Aganippe sp. Mygalomorphs can be long-lived (>43 years) and select sites for permanent burrows in their early dispersal phase. Spiderlings from two species, I...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729284/direct-transport-to-a-pci-capable-hospital-is-associated-with-improved-survival-after-adult-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-of-medical-aetiology
#6
Nicole McKenzie, Teresa A Williams, Kwok M Ho, Madoka Inoue, Paul Bailey, Antonio Celenza, Daniel Fatovich, Ian Jenkins, Judith Finn
AIM: To compare survival outcomes of adults with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) of medical aetiology directly transported to a percutaneous-coronary-intervention capable (PCI-capable) hospital (direct transport) with patients transferred to a PCI-capable hospital via another hospital without PCI services available (indirect transport) by emergency medical services (EMS). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used the St John Ambulance Western Australia OHCA Database and medical chart review...
May 2, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718178/results-of-aortic-valve-repair-using-decellularized-bovine-pericardium-in-congenital-surgery
#7
Sarah Nordmeyer, Peter Murin, Antonia Schulz, Friederike Danne, Johannes Nordmeyer, Johanna Kretzschmar, Daria Sumbadze, Katharina Rose Luise Schmitt, Oliver Miera, Mi-Young Cho, Nicodeme Sinzobahamvya, Felix Berger, Stanislav Ovroutski, Joachim Photiadis
OBJECTIVES: The search for an optimal patch material for aortic valve reconstruction (AVR) is an ongoing challenge. In this study, we report our experience of AVR using decellularized bovine pericardial patch material in congenital heart surgery. METHODS: Data of 40 consecutive patients who underwent AVR using the CardioCel® patch (Admedus Regen Pty Ltd, Perth, WA, Australia) between February 2014 and August 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The median age of the patients at operation was 9 (2-34) years, and 18 patients were younger than 7 years...
April 30, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707055/diagnosing-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-amongst-various-medical-specialists
#8
A Lam, S A Boenerjous, Y Lo, J M Abzug, J Kurian, M C Liszewski, D E Sanderson, J M Scholnick, B H Taragin, J A Gomez, N Y Otsuka, R Hanstein
Purpose: To evaluate sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of a radiographic slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE)-diagnosis among medical specialists. Methods: Three paediatricians, three paediatric radiologists and three paediatric orthopaedic surgeons completed two rounds of a survey of anteroposterior and frog-leg lateral radiographs of patients with a diagnosis of SCFE (25), femoroacetabular impingement (four), Legg-Calvé-Perthes (11) or no hip pathology (ten)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701090/a-consensus-exercise-identifying-priorities-for-research-into-clinical-effectiveness-among-children-s-orthopaedic-surgeons-in-the-united-kingdom
#9
D C Perry, J G Wright, S Cooke, A Roposch, M S Gaston, N Nicolaou, T Theologis
Aims High-quality clinical research in children's orthopaedic surgery has lagged behind other surgical subspecialties. This study used a consensus-based approach to identify research priorities for clinical trials in children's orthopaedics. Methods A modified Delphi technique was used, which involved an initial scoping survey, a two-round Delphi process and an expert panel formed of members of the British Society of Children's Orthopaedic Surgery. The survey was conducted amongst orthopaedic surgeons treating children in the United Kingdom and Ireland...
May 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696413/a-simple-precocious-and-reliable-way-to-assess-future-clinical-outcome-in-children-with-perthes-disease-and-mild-femoral-head-involvement-correlation-between-mri-with-diffusion-weighted-and-dynamic-gadolinium-enhanced-subtraction-and-catterall-and-herring-classifications
#10
Vincenzo De Rosa, Meryle Laurent, Federico Canavese, Laura Merlini
BACKGROUND: In children older than 5 years with a mild form of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease, the outcome is difficult to predict. In this study, we retrospectively correlated gadolinium-enhanced subtracted (DGS) and diffusion (DWI) MRI findings to the radiographic assessment according to the Catterall and Herring et al. classifications and to the final score according to Stulberg et al.: the aim was to identify a precocious, simple, and objective criterion to differentiate between forms evolving favourably and forms requiring an early surgical treatment in order to avoid femoral head deformity and subsequent osteoarthritis...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687316/bernese-type-triple-pelvic-osteotomy-through-a-single-incision-in-children-over-five-years-a-retrospective-study-of-twenty-eight-cases
#11
YiQiang Li, HongWen Xu, Theddy Slongo, QingHe Zhou, Yuanzhong Liu, WeiDong Chen, JingChun Li, Federico Canavese
INTRODUCTION: Bernese-type triple pelvic osteotomy (BTPO) combines periacetabular and triple innominate osteotomy techniques. However, studies that evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of BTPO are scarce. The aim of this study is to report on the clinical and radiographic outcomes of ambulatory children with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) or Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) managed with BTPO that were older than five years of age at the time of surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 27 consecutive patients with DDH or LCPD (mean age 7...
April 23, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678985/impact-of-tailored-falls-prevention-education-for-older-adults-at-hospital-discharge-on-engagement-in-falls-prevention-strategies-postdischarge-protocol-for-a-process-evaluation
#12
Chiara Naseri, Steven M McPhail, Julie Netto, Terrence P Haines, Meg E Morris, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Leon Flicker, Den-Ching A Lee, Jacqueline Francis-Coad, Anne-Marie Hill
INTRODUCTION: Older adults recently discharged from hospital have greater incidence of adverse events, functional decline, falls and subsequent readmission. Providing education to hospitalised patients on how to prevent falls at home could reduce postdischarge falls. There has been limited research investigating how older adults respond to tailored falls prevention education provided at hospital discharge. The aim of this study is to evaluate how providing tailored falls prevention education to older patients at the point of, and immediately after hospital discharge in addition to usual care, affects engagement in falls prevention strategies in the 6-months postdischarge period, including their capability and motivation to engage in falls prevention strategies...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666412/extensive-t-cell-cross-reactivity-between-diverse-seasonal-influenza-strains-in-the-ferret-model
#13
Adrian J Reber, Nedzad Music, Jin Hyang Kim, Shane Gansebom, Jufu Chen, Ian York
Influenza virus causes widespread, yearly epidemics by accumulating surface protein mutations to escape neutralizing antibodies established from prior exposure. In contrast to antibody epitopes, T cell mediated immunity targets influenza epitopes that are more highly conserved and have potential for cross-protection. The extent of T cell cross-reactivity between a diverse array of contemporary and historical influenza strains was investigated in ferrets challenged with 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza or the seasonal H3N2 strain, A/Perth/16/2009...
April 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627746/heatwave-and-elderly-mortality-an-evaluation-of-death-burden-and-health-costs-considering-short-term-mortality-displacement
#14
Jian Cheng, Zhiwei Xu, Hilary Bambrick, Hong Su, Shilu Tong, Wenbiao Hu
BACKGROUND: A heatwave can be a devastating natural disaster to human health, and elderly people are particularly vulnerable. With the continuing rise in earth's surface temperature alongside the world's aging population, research on the mortality burden of heatwave for the older population remains relatively sparse. The potential magnitude of benefits of averting such deaths may be considerable. OBJECTIVES: This paper examined the short-term mortality displacement (or "harvesting") of heatwave, characterized the heatwave-mortality relationship, and estimated death burden and health costs attributable to heatwave among the elderly in Australia...
April 5, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625734/the-significance-of-digital-citizenship-in-the-well-being-of-older-migrants
#15
A Millard, L Baldassar, R Wilding
OBJECTIVES: To understand the increasingly important role of digital citizenship (the ability to participate in society online) in supporting the well-being of ageing migrants. STUDY DESIGN: Participant observation, social network mapping, ethnographic and life-history interviews. METHODS: Fifteen in-depth case studies examined the role of online participation in fostering the well-being and care of older migrants in Perth, Western Australia...
April 3, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620916/adult-specific-life-outcomes-of-cleft-lip-and-palate-in-a-western-australian-cohort
#16
Wendy Nicholls, Craig Harper, Suzanne Robinson, Martin Persson, Linda Selvey
BACKGROUND: People with a cleft of the lip and/or palate (CL/P) differ from their peers due to their facial appearance, hearing and speech difficulties, and the significant time spent attending appointments and recovering from surgical interventions. These differences may impact life outcomes including occupation, income, education, relationships, psychosocial health issues, and lifestyle choices. METHODOLOGY: A self-administered questionnaire was posted to 338 former and current patients of the Cleft Lip and Palate Unit of Princess Margaret Hospital (PMH), Perth, Western Australia...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600201/femoral-head-stress-fracture-in-children-a-case-report
#17
Mourad Zaraa, Heithem Sahli, Imene Yeddes, Sabri Mahjoub, Mondher Mbarek
Introduction: The stress fracture of the femoral head rarely occurs; but, it is generally encountered in case of bone insufficiency, and it is exceptional in younger individuals. The main differential diagnosis may include several diseases, namely, slipped upper femoral epiphysis, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, and Perthes' disease. Bone scintigraphy is very sensitive but lacks specificity. Nowadays, the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for an accurate diagnosis...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598843/treatment-outcome-of-dome-osteotomy-of-the-pelvis-combined-with-trochanteric-advancement-for-sequelae-of-perthes-disease
#18
Asep Santoso, Pramod Shaligram Ingale, Ik-Sun Choi, Young-Rok Shin, Kyung-Soon Park, Taek-Rim Yoon
OBJECTIVE: Disparity in size between femoral head and acetabulum could promote premature degeneration of the hip joint. The purpose of this study was to report the results of Kawamura's dome osteotomy for acetabular dysplasia due to sequelae of Perthes' disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients (14 hips) operated between 1999 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 9 males and 5 females with a mean age of 29 years (range, 15-54 years). Functional and radiological results were reviewed at mean follow-up of 9 years (range, 4-12 years)...
March 26, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579498/factors-associated-with-psychological-distress-amongst-outpatient-chemotherapy-patients-an-analysis-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-using-the-dass-21
#19
Michelle McMullen, Peter K H Lau, Scott Taylor, Joseph McTigue, Angus Cook, Marion Bamblett, Arman Hasani, Claire E Johnson
AIM: This study sought to identify clinical, demographic and service-related factors associated with psychological distress amongst outpatient chemotherapy patients. BACKGROUND: Distress in cancer patients leads to increased risk of psychological comorbidity, contributing to sub-optimal treatment adherence and potentially leading to poorer health outcomes. Screening and recognition of distress and risk factors is an important aspect of holistic care within a multidisciplinary team environment...
April 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577507/the-volume-and-type-of-unhealthy-bus-shelter-advertising-around-schools-in-perth-western-australia-results-from-an-explorative-study
#20
Ashleigh Parnell, Melinda Edmunds, Hannah Pierce, Melissa J Stoneham
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Exposure to advertising for unhealthy food, alcohol and gambling has been shown to influence children and adolescents' behaviours and attitudes. This exploratory study aimed to assess the volume and type of unhealthy bus shelter advertisements near schools in five local government areas in Perth, Western Australia and to monitor whether the volume of unhealthy advertisements varied seasonally. METHODS: The 29 local governments in the Perth metropolitan region were contacted seeking information regarding the locations of bus shelters featuring advertisements in their local government area...
March 5, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
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