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Luke David Knibbs, Craig P Coorey, Matthew John Bechle, Christine Therese Cowie, Mila Dirgawati, Jane S Heyworth, Guy Barrington Marks, Julian D Marshall, Lidia Morawska, Gavin Pereira, Michael G Hewson
Including satellite observations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in land-use regression (LUR) models can improve their predictive ability, but requires rigorous evaluation. We used 123 passive NO2 samplers sited to capture within-city and near-road variability in two Australian cities (Sydney and Perth) to assess the validity of annual mean NO2¬ estimates from existing national satellite-based LUR models (developed with 68 regulatory monitors). The samplers spanned roadside, urban near traffic (≤100 m to a major road), and urban background (>100 m to a major road) locations...
October 21, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Peter Arrow
: Limited information is available about dental service use, perceived need and perceived oral health status among Aboriginal populations in Western Australia. This study collected information from a convenience sample of people attending the opening ceremony of the 2014 National Aborigines and Islanders Day Observance Committee celebrations in Perth, Western Australia. METHODS: People who visited the Dental Health Services display stall at the event completed a questionnaire on dental service use, perceived need and self-rated oral health domains...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Anne-Marie E Yardley, Annette K Hoskin, Kate Hanman, Paul G Sanfilippo, Geoffrey C Lam, David A Mackey
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the characteristics and outcomes of ocular and adnexal injuries requiring hospitalisation in children in Perth, Western Australia. METHODS: This is a hospital-based retrospective review of children admitted to Princess Margaret Hospital for Children with diagnoses of ocular and/or adnexal trauma from 2002-2013. Hospital charts were reviewed for demographic information, injury and management details, follow-up and visual outcome...
October 20, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
M Henze, H Alfonso, L Flicker, J George, S A Paul Chubb, G J Hankey, O P Almeida, J Golledge, P E Norman, B B Yeap
AIMS: To investigate behavioural, physical and biochemical characteristics associated with diabetes in the oldest age group of elderly men. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of community-dwelling men aged 79-97 years from Perth, Western Australia. Lifestyle behaviours, self-rated health, physical function, and fasting glucose and HbA1c levels were assessed. RESULTS: Of 1426 men, 315 had diabetes (22%). Men with diabetes were of similar age to men without (84...
October 20, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Joel Wells, Jeffrey J Nepple, Karla Crook, James R Ross, Asheesh Bedi, Perry Schoenecker, John C Clohisy
BACKGROUND: Hip dysplasia represents a spectrum of complex deformities on both sides of the joint. Although many studies have described the acetabular side of the deformity, to our knowledge, little is known about the three-dimensional (3-D) head and neck offset differences of the femora of dysplastic hips. A thorough knowledge of proximal femoral anatomy is important to prevent potential impingement and improve results after acetabular reorientation. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) Are there common proximal femoral characteristics in patients with symptomatic hip dysplasia undergoing periacetabular osteotomy (PAO)? (2) Where is the location of maximal femoral head and neck offset deformity in hip dysplasia? (3) Do certain subgroups of dysplastic hips more commonly have cam-type femoral morphology? (4) Is there a relationship between hip ROM as well as impingement testing and 3-D head and neck offset deformity? METHODS: Using our hip preservation database, 153 hips (148 patients) underwent PAO from October 2013 to July 2015...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Sherif Galal
: Developmental coxa vara (DCV) develops during early childhood between the age of independent walking and 6 years. The deformity includes a decrease in the neck-shaft angle and femoral retroversion. Recently, good results have been reported using external fixator systems for the correction of proximal femoral deformities secondary to slipped capital femoral epiphysis, Perthes' disease in children, and percutaneous proximal femoral osteotomy for coxa vara. This preliminary study was performed to evaluate the results of percutaneous subtrochanteric osteotomy in restoring the normal alignment and orientation (radiographic outcome), thereby restoring the normal mechanics of the hip joint, overcoming shortening of the limb, and re-establishing the length-tension relationship of the abductor muscles (functional outcome)...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
U Lenoir, T Slongo, E Aghayev, A Joeris
Background: Transient synovitis is the most common hip joint disorder in children. Perthes disease occurs around the same age and may not be distinguishable to an episode of transient synovitis in the early stage. Therefore all children in our clinic with transient synovitis underwent a follow-up X-ray 3 months later to detect Perthes disease at an early stage. The aim of the study was to evaluate, if a follow-up X-ray is necessary for all children with suspected transient synovitis or if the clinical follow-up can lead to the indication for a follow-up X-ray...
October 12, 2016: Klinische Pädiatrie
Maedeh P Shahabi, Adam McHugh, Martin Anda, Goen Ho
A quantitative framework for sustainable desalination planning in metropolitan areas, which integrates the tools of mixed integer linear programming and life cycle assessment, is presented. The life cycle optimisation framework allows for optimal desalination planning by considering choices over intake type, staging and location of the infrastructure under different land-use, environmental and economic policies. Optimality is defined by the decision maker's selected objective function, being either an environmental impact or a levelised cost indicator...
October 6, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Christina M Bertilone, Suzanne P McEvoy, Dena Gower, Nola Naylor, June Doyle, Val Swift-Otero
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy, labour and neonatal health outcomes for Australian Aboriginal women and their infants are frequently worse than those of the general population. Provision of culturally competent services may reduce these differences by improving access to timely and regular antenatal care. In an effort to address these issues, the Aboriginal Maternity Group Practice Program commenced in south metropolitan Perth, Western Australia, in 2011. The program employed Aboriginal Grandmothers, Aboriginal Health Officers and midwives working in a partnership model with pre-existing maternity services in the area...
October 3, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Heather L Baltzer, Scott Riester, Steven L Moran
Background: The etiology of multifocal osteonecrosis is not definitively known; however, hypercoagulable state is a very plausible cause. Methods: We present an unusual case of a 12-year-old boy with a history of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease presenting with right wrist pain who was subsequently diagnosed with Kienbock's disease. The finding of multifocal osteonecrosis prompted testing for a hypercoagulable state that was positive for Factor V Leiden thrombophilia. A thorough literature review using Medline database was conducted to investigate associations between inherited hypercoagulable states and multifocal osteonecrosis...
September 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Alison E Hillman, Rongchang Yang, Alan J Lymbery, R C Andrew Thompson
Parasites of wildlife inhabiting urbanised and peri-urban environments are of interest regarding wildlife population health, and also veterinary public health in the case of parasites that can also infect humans and domestic animals. This study aimed to: identify, and estimate the prevalence of, species of Eimeria parasitic in quenda (Isoodon obesulus) in the greater Perth region, Western Australia; 2) morphologically describe and genetically characterise a novel observed species of Eimeria as E. angustus; and 3) genetically characterise E...
September 28, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
Ran Schwarzkopf, Garwin Chin, Kelvin Kim, Dermot Murphy, Antonia F Chen
BACKGROUND: The incidence of hip fractures is growing with the increasing elderly population. Typically, hip fractures are treated with open reduction internal fixation, hemiarthroplasty, or total hip arthroplasty (THA). Failed hip fracture fixation is often salvaged by conversion THA. The total number of conversion THA procedures is also supplemented by its use in treating different failed surgical hip treatments such as acetabular fracture fixation, Perthes disease, slipped capital femoral epiphysis, and developmental dysplasia of the hip...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
C Westgarth, M Knuiman, H E Christian
BACKGROUND: Many people live with dogs but not all walk with them regularly. This study examines the demographic and behavioural factors that contribute towards owners reporting having a strong sense of encouragement and motivation to walk provided by their dogs, which we call 'the Lassie effect'. METHODS: Data was collected from 629 dog owners participating in the RESIDE cross-sectional survey in Perth, Western Australia. Multivariable logistic regression analyses of factors associated with two separate outcome survey items 'Dog encouragement to walk' (how often dog encouraged me to go walking in last month) and 'Dog motivation to walk' (Having a dog makes me walk more)...
September 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
Meredith Borland, Dmitry Skarin, Yusuf Nagree
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare methods for quantifying general practice-type (GP-type) patients in a paediatric ED to determine the robustness of current identification methods. METHODS: Data was sourced from the ED Information System for 5 years (2010-2014) from the tertiary paediatric hospital in Perth, Western Australia, Australia. A further detailed analysis of 2014 presentations established an independent sample for valid statistical comparison of the three methods used to identify GP-type patients: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, ACEM and the Diagnosis...
September 29, 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
M Simonis, R Manocha, J J Ong
OBJECTIVE: To explore general practitioner's (GP) knowledge, attitudes and practice regarding female genital cosmetic surgery (FGCS) in Australia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Australia. SAMPLE: GPs who attended a women's health seminar and GPs who subscribed to a non-governmental, national health professional organisation database that provides education to primary care professionals. METHOD: A national online survey of GPs was conducted for the 10-week period, starting 1 week prior and 2 months after a Women's Health seminar was held in Perth on 8 August 2015...
2016: BMJ Open
M Kobek, R Skowronek, C Jabłoński, Z Jankowski, A Pałasz
On 28 January 2003 snow avalanche in the Polish Tatras happened, in which 8 people died and 5 were injured. We tried to determine cause and manner of death in 6 fatal victims instead of advanced late post mortem changes in internal organs. Taking into consideration the circumstances of death, we paid special attention to histopathological examination of lungs, extended by Gomori's and AZAN staining. Pattern of the changes was similar to those observed in forensic medicine in cases of asphyxia due to airway obstruction and/or immobilization of chest and abdomen (Perthes' syndrome)...
2016: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
Sarah J Hardcastle, Rachael Glassey, Stuart Salfinger, Jason Tan, Paul Cohen
BACKGROUND: The study purpose was to investigate endometrial cancer survivors' health perceptions following cessation of active cancer treatment and to explore factors influencing participation in health-promoting behaviors. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants who had completed active treatment of cancer within the previous 3 years. Participants were 22 endometrial cancer survivors (mean age = 62.55 years, SD = 7.08) at risk of cardiovascular disease who were recruited from 2 oncologists in Perth, Western Australia...
September 25, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Hayley Christian, Lisa Wood, Andrea Nathan, Ichiro Kawachi, Stephen Houghton, Karen Martin, Sandra McCune
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between dog walking and physical activity within and between four US cities and Australia and investigated if dog walking is associated with higher perceived safety in US and Australian cities. METHODS: Dog owners (n = 1113) in the Pet Connections Study completed a cross-sectional survey. Data were collected across four study sites; three in the US (San Diego, Nashville, Portland) and a fourth in Australia (Perth). Physical activity, local walking, dog walking, and individual and community perceptions of safety were analysed for dog walkers and non-dog walkers for each study site...
2016: BMC Public Health
J Lennert Veerman, Belen Zapata-Diomedi, Lucy Gunn, Gavin R McCormack, Linda J Cobiac, Ana Maria Mantilla Herrera, Billie Giles-Corti, Alan Shiell
BACKGROUND: Studies consistently find that supportive neighbourhood built environments increase physical activity by encouraging walking and cycling. However, evidence on the cost-effectiveness of investing in built environment interventions as a means of promoting physical activity is lacking. In this study, we assess the cost-effectiveness of increasing sidewalk availability as one means of encouraging walking. METHODS: Using data from the RESIDE study in Perth, Australia, we modelled the cost impact and change in health-adjusted life years (HALYs) of installing additional sidewalks in established neighbourhoods...
2016: BMJ Open
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