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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088062/a-retrospective-audit-of-bacterial-culture-results-of-donated-human-milk-in-perth-western-australia
#1
Yahya Almutawif, Benjamin Hartmann, Megan Lloyd, Wendy Erber, Donna Geddes
INTRODUCTION: The bacterial content of donated human milk is either endogenous or introduced via contamination. Defining milk bank bacterial content will allow researchers to devise appropriate tests for significant and commonly encountered organisms. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective audit was conducted on data recorded from the Perron Rotary Express Milk Bank, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Subiaco, Western Australia. This aimed to describe the incidence of bacterial species detected in donated human milk and to identify potentially pathogenic bacteria...
January 11, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049277/adults-and-children-prefer-a-plate-food-guide-relative-to-a-pyramid
#2
Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Sarah Moore, Iain S Pratt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study explored attitudes toward two food guides currently being widely used in Australia: the Healthy Eating Pyramid and the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating Plate. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Ten focus groups were conducted with adults (aged 18+ years) and children (aged 10-17 years) across various locations in Perth, Western Australia. The discussions focused on liked and disliked aspects of each food guide and the implications for participants' perceptions of their relative usefulness...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031513/double-intertrochanteric-osteotomy-for-trochanteric-overgrowth-and-a-short-femoral-neck-in-adolescents
#3
Turgut Akgül, Cengiz Şen, Halil İbrahim Balci, Gökhan Polat
PURPOSE: To review the outcome of Wagner double intertrochanteric osteotomy for trochanteric overgrowth and a short femoral neck in 7 adolescents. METHODS: Records of one male and 6 females aged 15 to 20 years who underwent modified Wagner osteotomy for trochanteric overgrowth and a short femoral neck by a single senior surgeon were reviewed. The diagnoses were coxa vara (n=2), developmental dysplasia of the hip (n=3), Leg-Calve-Perthes (n=1), and proximal femoral focal deficiency (n=1)...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026725/-operative-treatment-for-saddle-shaped-femoral-heads
#4
M Burian, P Dungl, J Chomiak, M Ošťádal, R Kubeš, O Schwarz
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY A saddle-shaped deformity of the femoral head has a poor prognosis due to rapid development of secondary changes. A new method of treatment by intra-articular anteromedial wedge reduction osteotomy (AWRO) of the femoral head may preserve the hip for the future. This study was designed to ascertain that this invasive technique was safe and effective and to confirm our hypothesis that AWRO significantly improved functional and radiological parameters of the hip joint. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients who underwent AWRO between 2010 and 2013 were enrolled in this study...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024436/international-consensus-statement-on-the-assessment-of-interprofessional-learning-outcomes
#5
Gary D Rogers, Jill E Thistlethwaite, Elizabeth S Anderson, Madeleine Abrandt Dahlgren, Ruby E Grymonpre, Monica Moran, Dujeepa D Samarasekera
Regulatory frameworks around the world mandate that health and social care professional education programs graduate practitioners who have the competence and capability to practice effectively in interprofessional collaborative teams. Academic institutions are responding by offering interprofessional education (IPE); however, there is as yet no consensus regarding optimal strategies for the assessment of interprofessional learning (IPL). The Program Committee for the 17th Ottawa Conference in Perth, Australia in March, 2016, invited IPE champions to debate and discuss the current status of the assessment of IPL...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986380/evaluation-of-the-magnitude-of-hip-joint-deformation-in-subjects-with-avascular-necrosis-of-the-hip-joint-during-walking-with-and-without-scottish-rite-orthosis
#6
Mohammad Taghi Karimi, Ali Mohammadi, Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimi, Anthony McGarry
The femoral head in subjects with leg calve perthes disease (LCPD) is generally considerably deformed. It is debatable whether this deformation is due to an increase in applied loads, a decrease in bone mineral density or a change in containment of articular surfaces. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of these factors on deformation of the femoral head. Two subjects with LCPD participated in this study. Subject motion and the forces applied on the affected leg were recorded using a motion analysis system (Qualsis(TM)) and a Kistler force plate...
December 13, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957481/respiratory-infection-rates-differ-between-geographically-distant-paediatric-cystic-fibrosis-cohorts
#7
Kathryn A Ramsey, Emily Hart, Lidija Turkovic, Marc Padros-Goossens, Stephen M Stick, Sarath C Ranganathan
Respiratory infections are a major cause of pulmonary decline in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). We compared the prevalence of infection in early life at geographically distant CF treatment centres participating in the same surveillance programme in Australia. Lower airway microbiology, inflammation and structural lung disease at annual review were evaluated for 260 children 0-8 years old with CF at 1032 visits to CF treatment centres in Melbourne or Perth. Melbourne patients were more likely to be culture-positive for common respiratory pathogens at all age groups (odds ratio (OR) 1...
July 2016: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942471/mixed-vascular-nevus-syndrome-a-report-of-four-new-cases-and-a-literature-review
#8
Martino Ruggieri, Agata Polizzi, Serena Strano, Carmelo Schepis, Massimiliano Morano, Giuseppe Belfiore, Stefano Palmucci, Pietro Valerio Foti, Concetta Pirrone, Vito Sofia, Emanuele David, Vincenzo Salpietro, Kshitij Mankad, Pietro Milone
BACKGROUND: Mixed vascular nevus (or nevus vascularis mixtus) represents an admixture of cutaneous vascular malformations of the telangiectatic type and angiospastic spots of nevus anemicus. It can occur as an purely cutaneous trait or as a hallmark of a neurocutaneous phenotype (mixed vascular nevus syndrome) characterised by the combination of: (I) paired vascular (telangiectatic and anemic) twin nevi and brain abnormalities of the Dyke-Davidoff-Masson type (i.e., crossed cerebral/cerebellar hemiatrophy with hypoplasia of the ipsilateral cerebral vessels and homolateral hypertrophy of the skull and sinuses (hyperpneumatisation) with contralateral hemispheric hypertrophy); or (II) paired vascular twin nevi and brain malformations of the Dyke-Davidoff-Masson type in association with systemic abnormalities consisting in facial asymmetry, skeletal anomalies (i...
October 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940070/on-the-antiquity-of-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease-skeletal-evidence-in-iron-age-italy
#9
V S Manzon, Z Ferrante, M Giganti, E Gualdi-Russo
Legg-Calvé-Perthes is a very rare disease involving childhood osteochondrosis of the femoral head due to interruption of its blood supply. The etiology is unknown. The signs of the pathology are well described in the literature but few paleopathological cases have been reported, mostly dating from Late Antiquity to Early Middle Ages. Here we report on morphometric and radiological analyses of a skeleton from the Etruscan necropolis of Spina (Ferrara, Italy, 6th-3rd century BCE), to our knowledge the most ancient case of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease published thus far...
November 28, 2016: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932343/influence-of-the-day-care-home-and-neighbourhood-environment-on-young-children-s-physical-activity-and-health-protocol-for-the-playce-observational-study
#10
Hayley Christian, Clover Maitland, Stephanie Enkel, Georgina Trapp, Stewart G Trost, Jasper Schipperijn, Bryan Boruff, Leanne Lester, Michael Rosenberg, Stephen R Zubrick
INTRODUCTION: The early years are a critical period in a child's health and development, yet most preschool children fail to meet physical activity guidelines. Outside of the home and neighbourhood, children spend a large proportion of time within early childhood education and care (ECEC) services such as long day care. Research is required to determine how the design of day care outdoor (and indoor) spaces provides opportunities or constraints for physical activity. A significant evidence gap surrounds what objectively measured attributes of the home and neighbourhood environment influence preschoolers' physical activity...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920812/evaluation-of-the-bone-mineral-density-of-the-subjects-with-avascular-necrosis-of-hip-joint
#11
Mohammad Taghi Karimi, Seyed Mohammad Mousavi Nodoshan
BACKGROUND: The head of femur is deformed in subjects with Leg Calve Perthes Disease (LCPD). It may be due to an increase in loads applied on the hip, decrease in hip joint containment and decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) of femur. Unfortunately there is not enough evidence regarding BMD of femur in subjects with LCPD. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate BMD in subjects with Perthes disease. METHOD: Two subjects with LCPD participated in this study...
May 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904729/treatment-of-late-onset-legg-calve-perthes-disease-by-arthrodiastasis
#12
Sung Soo Kim, Chan Woo Lee, Hyeon Jun Kim, Hyun Ho Kim, Lih Wang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy of arthrodiastasis for Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. METHODS: Arthrodiastasis was conducted using external fixator devices (Orthofix) in 7 patients at least 8 years of age with a diagnosis of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. The average follow-up was 80 months (range, 32 to 149 months), and their average age was 9.1 years (range, 8 to 12 years). The results of treatment were evaluated by measuring the degree of hip pain and the range of motion of the hip at 6 months after the operation and comparing the values with preoperative measurements...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902719/community-wide-distribution-of-a-catalytic-device-to-reduce-winter-ambient-fine-particulate-matter-from-residential-wood-combustion-a-field-study
#13
Olivia Johnston, Fay Johnston, John Todd, Grant Williamson
Residential wood combustion is the main source of elevated concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) during winter in many towns of Tasmania, Australia. A commercially available firebox catalyst in Australia has previously been shown to reduce visible smoke emissions and the manufacturer reports reductions in particle emissions generated from individual wood heaters in laboratory settings. This study aimed to evaluate the potential for community-wide distribution of the catalyst to improve the ambient winter air quality in the field...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895402/effect-of-airplane-transport-of-donor-livers-on-post-liver-transplantation-survival
#14
Yi Huang, Gerry MacQuillan, Leon A Adams, George Garas, Megan Collins, Albert Nwaba, Linjun Mou, Max K Bulsara, Luc Delriviere, Gary P Jeffrey
AIM: To evaluate the effect of long haul airplane transport of donor livers on post-transplant outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients who received a liver transplantation was performed in Perth, Australia from 1992 to 2012. Donor and recipient characteristics information were extracted from Western Australian liver transplantation service database. Patients were followed up for a mean of six years. Patient and graft survival were evaluated and compared between patients who received a local donor liver and those who received an airplane transported donor liver...
November 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886352/alterations-of-serum-osteocalcin-levels-in-patients-with-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes
#15
Wen-Bo Wei, Sha-Jie Dang, Yong Li, Zong-Zhi Liu
BACKGROUND: Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) is a paediatric form of osteonecrosis that ultimately heals but will cause femoral head and acetabular deformities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the early serum measurement of osteocalcin in children with femoral head necrosis compared with that of healthy children. METHODS: 20 patients with LCPD (4 girls and 16 boys) and 20 healthy volunteers (5 girls and 15 boys) were enrolled. All patients did not have additional treatment...
November 14, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865764/phase-2a-randomized-clinical-trial-safety-and-post-hoc-analysis-of-subretinal-raav-sflt-1-for-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration
#16
Ian J Constable, Cora M Pierce, Chooi-May Lai, Aaron L Magno, Mariapia A Degli-Esposti, Martyn A French, Ian L McAllister, Steve Butler, Samuel B Barone, Steven D Schwartz, Mark S Blumenkranz, Elizabeth P Rakoczy
BACKGROUND: We present the results of a Phase 2a randomized controlled trial investigating the safety, and secondary endpoints of subretinal rAAV.sFLT-1 gene therapy in patients with active wet age-related macular degeneration (wAMD). METHODS: All patients (n=32), (ClinicalTrials.gov; NCT01494805), received ranibizumab injections at baseline and week 4, and thereafter according to prespecified criteria. Patients in the gene therapy group (n=21) received rAAV.sFLT-1 (1×10(11)vg)...
December 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864891/3d-mri-quantification-of-femoral-head-deformity-in-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease
#17
Karen D Standefer, Molly Dempsey, ChanHee Jo, Harry K W Kim
The purpose of this study was to quantify femoral head deformity in patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) using a novel three dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reconstruction and volume based analysis. Bilateral femoral heads of 17 patients (mean age 9.9 ± 2.0 years; 12 boys, 5 girls) with LCPD were scanned 1-2 times (n = 33 LCPD heads, 20 normal heads) using a 1.5T MRI scanner. Fourteen patients had unilateral and three had bilateral LCPD with five hips in the Waldenström initial stage, 9 in the fragmentation stage, 14 in the reossification stage, and 5 in the healed stage...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864251/post-hoc-evaluation-of-a-common-sense-intervention-for-asthma-management-in-community-pharmacy
#18
Kim Watkins, Liza Seubert, Carl R Schneider, Rhonda Clifford
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate a common-sense, behavioural change intervention to implement clinical guidelines for asthma management in the community pharmacy setting. DESIGN: The components of the common-sense intervention were described in terms of categories and dimensions using the Intervention Taxonomy (ITAX) and Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) using the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW), Capability, Opportunity and Motivation-Behaviour (COM-B) System and Behaviour Change Techniques Taxonomy (BCTTv1)...
November 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852919/can-we-solve-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease-with-better-imaging-technology-commentary-on-an-article-by-harry-k-w-kim-md-ms-et-al-assessment-of-femoral-head-revascularization-in-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease-using-serial-perfusion-mri
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852906/assessment-of-femoral-head-revascularization-in-legg-calv%C3%A3-perthes-disease-using-serial-perfusion-mri
#20
Harry K W Kim, Jamie Burgess, Alec Thoveson, Paul Gudmundsson, Molly Dempsey, Chan-Hee Jo
BACKGROUND: Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease is a juvenile form of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. The purpose of this study was to use serial perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine the pattern and rate of revascularization of the femoral heads of patients with the active stage of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 29 patients (30 hips) with a mean age (and standard deviation) of 8.4 ± 1.9 years who were diagnosed with Waldenström Stage-1 or 2 Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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