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Yeong-Min Yoo, Eui-Bae Jeung
The phenotypes of calbindin-D9k - ( CaBP-9k -) knockout (KO), calbindin - D28k - ( CaBP-28k -) KO, and CaBP-9k/28k -KO mice are similar to those of wild-type (WT) mice due to the compensatory action of other calcium transport proteins. In this study, we investigated the expression of cellular prion protein (PrPC ) in the brains of CaBP-9k -, CaBP-28k -, and CaBP-9k/28k -KO mice. PrPC expression was significantly upregulated in the brain of all three strains. Levels of phospho-Akt (Ser473) and phospho-Bad (Ser136) were significantly elevated, but those of phospho-ERK and phospho-Bad (Ser155 and 112) were significantly reduced in the brains of CaBP-9k -, CaBP-28k -, and CaBP-9k/28k -KO mice...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Wen Kang, Xiao Zheng, Ping Wang, Shanyu Guo
During the pathogenesis of gastric cancer, Akt signaling is considered as a pivotal inducer of gastric cancer development. Here we report the identification of anticancer activities of deguelin, a natural agent that inhibits Akt signaling. When applied to MGC-803 and MKN-45 cells, deguelin suppressed the proliferation and arrested cell cycle by p21-mediated inhibition of cyclin E. We further present in vitro evidence that deguelin promoted apoptosis of cancer cells by decreasing the phospho-Akt signaling and affecting expression of the apoptosis-associated genes Bax and Bcl-2...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Dong-Dong Cheng, Shi-Jie Li, Bin Zhu, Shu-Min Zhou, Qing-Cheng Yang
BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 delta (EEF1D) in cancers has been reported; however, the role and mechanisms of EEF1D in osteosarcoma remain poorly understood. The aim of this study is to investigate the expression and role of EEF1D in osteosarcoma and to elucidate its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: The expression of EEF1D in osteosarcomas and cell lines was evaluated by qRT-PCR, Western blotting and immunohistochemistry...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Michael F Nyp, Sherry M Mabry, Angels Navarro, Heather Menden, Ricardo E Perez, Venkatesh Sampath, Ikechukwu I Ekekezie
The onset and degree of injury occurring in animals that develop hyperoxic acute lung injury (HALI) is dependent on age at exposure, suggesting that developmentally regulated pathways/factors must underlie initiation of the epithelial injury and subsequent repair. Type II TGFβ receptor interacting protein-1 (TRIP-1) is a negative regulator of TGFβ signaling, which we have previously shown is a developmentally regulated protein with modulatory effects on epithelial-fibroblastic signaling. The aim of this study was to assess if type II alveolar epithelial cells overexpressing TRIP-1 are protected against hyperoxia-induced epithelial injury, and in turn HALI...
March 2018: Physiological Reports
Jun Song, Sai-Jun Ma, Jian-Hua Luo, Hui Zhang, Ri-Xiong Wang, Hui Liu, Li Li, Zhi-Guang Zhang, Rui-Xiang Zhou
Globally, gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common types of cancer and the third leading cause of cancer‑related death. In China, gastric and liver cancers have the highest mortality rates. Melatonin, also known as N-acetyl‑5-methoxytryptamine, is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in animals and regulates sleep and wakefulness. Melatonin has been shown to inhibit various carcinomas, including GC. There are many different hypotheses to explain the anticancer effects of melatonin, including stimulation of apoptosis, inhibition of cell growth, regulation of anticancer immunity, induction of free-radical scavenging, and the competitive inhibition of estrogen...
February 26, 2018: Oncology Reports
Yang Hong, Xiaobo Huang, Lizhe An, Haiyun Ye, Kai Ma, Fengshi Zhang, Qingquan Xu
The third subunit of the COP9 signalosome (COPS3) is associated with cell proliferation and tumorigenesis process in cancer. The present study showed that the expression level of COPS3 was upregulated in malignant cell lines and COPS3 overexpression was related with clinical stage, T stage, historical grade. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that COPS3 may function as a prognostic factor for overall survival. CCK-8 and colony formation assays revealed that knockdown of COPS3 in ACHN and 786-O significantly impacted proliferation in vitro...
February 22, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Marta Montori-Grau, Robert Pedreira-Casahuga, Zoé Boyer-Díaz, Iréna Lassot, Celia García-Martínez, Anna Orozco, Judith Cebrià, Oscar Osorio-Conles, Matilde R Chacón, Joan Vendrell, Manuel Vázquez-Carrera, Solange Desagher, Josep Carles Jiménez-Chillarón, Anna Ma Gómez-Foix
BACKGROUND: Glycogenin-interacting protein 1 (GNIP1) is a tripartite motif (TRIM) protein with E3 ubiquitin ligase activity that interacts with glycogenin. These data suggest that GNIP1 could play a major role in the control of glycogen metabolism. However, direct evidence based on functional analysis remains to be obtained. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was 1) to define the expression pattern of glycogenin-interacting protein/Tripartite motif containing protein 7 (GNIP/TRIM7) isoforms in humans, 2) to test their ubiquitin E3 ligase activity, and 3) to analyze the functional effects of GNIP1 on muscle glucose/glycogen metabolism both in human cultured cells and in vivo in mice...
February 18, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Jordi Creus-Muncunill, Laura Rué, Rafael Alcalá-Vida, Raquel Badillos-Rodríguez, Joan Romaní-Aumedes, Sonia Marco, Jordi Alberch, Isabel Perez-Otaño, Cristina Malagelada, Esther Pérez-Navarro
Rictor associates with mTOR to form the mTORC2 complex, which activity regulates neuronal function and survival. Neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by the presence of neuronal dysfunction and cell death in specific brain regions such as for example Huntington's disease (HD), which is characterized by the loss of striatal projection neurons leading to motor dysfunction. Although HD is caused by the expression of mutant huntingtin, cell death occurs gradually suggesting that neurons have the capability to activate compensatory mechanisms to deal with neuronal dysfunction and later cell death...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Eszter Regős, Hadeer Hesham Abdelfattah, Andrea Reszegi, László Szilák, Klára Werling, Gábor Szabó, András Kiss, Zsuzsa Schaff, Ilona Kovalszky, Kornélia Baghy
Increased expression of syndecan-1 is a characteristic feature of human liver cirrhosis. However, no data are available on the significance of this alteration. To address this question we designed a transgenic mouse strain that driven by albumin promoter, expresses human syndecan-1 in the hepatocytes. Liver cirrhosis was induced by thioacetamide in wild type and hSDC1+/+ mice of the identical strain. The process of fibrogenesis, changes in signal transduction and proteoglycan expression were followed. In an in vitro experiment, the effect of syndecan-1 overexpression on the action of TGFβ1 was determined...
February 15, 2018: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Elke Kaemmerer, Dane Turner, Amelia A Peters, Sarah J Roberts-Thomson, Gregory R Monteith
AKT is an enzyme of the PI3K/pAKT pathway, regulating proliferation and cell survival. High basal levels of active, phosphorylated AKT (pAKT) are associated with tumor progression and therapeutic resistance in some breast cancer subtypes, including HER2 positive breast cancers. Various stimuli can increase pAKT levels and elevated basal pAKT levels are a feature of PTEN-deficient breast cancer cell lines. The aim of this study was to develop an assay able to identify modulators of pAKT levels using an automated epifluorescence microscope and high content analysis...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Jia-Tian Cao, Hui-Min Mo, Yue Wang, Kai Zhao, Tian-Tian Zhang, Chang-Qian Wang, Kai-Lin Xu, Zhi-Hua Han
Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) is a derivative of artemisinin. The present study aimed to investigate whether DHA induces apoptosis in the THP-1 human acute monocytic leukemia cell line (AMoL), and to identify the relative molecular mechanisms. The results of the present study demonstrated that the viability of THP-1 cells were inhibited by DHA in a dose- and time-dependent manner, which was accompanied by morphological characteristics associated with apoptosis. After 24 h of 200 µM DHA treatment, the proportion of apoptotic cells was significantly increased compared with the untreated controls (P<0...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Min Kyung Shin, Ki-Heon Jeong, Hyeongwon Choi, Hye-Jin Ahn, Mu-Hyoung Lee
BACKGROUND: Heat shock proteins (Hsps) are chaperone proteins, which are upregulated after various stresses. Hsp90 inhibitors have been investigated as adjuvant therapies for the treatment of melanoma. Thermal ablation could be a treatment option for surgically unresectable melanoma or congenital nevomelanocytic nevi, however, there is a limitation such as the possibility of recurrence. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated apoptosis in a melanoma cell line treated with the Hsp90 inhibitor 17-Dimethylaminoethylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-DMAG), in hyperthermic conditions...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Science
Dariusz Waniczek, Mirosław Śnietura, Zbigniew Lorenc, Ewa Nowakowska-Zajdel, Małgorzata Muc-Wierzgoń
In certain patients with advanced colorectal cancer, loss of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) activity is observed. PTEN is a major gatekeeper gene of the AKT serine/threonine kinase (AKT) signaling pathway responsible for the proliferative activity of cells. The assessment of AKT activity may be a prognostic factor or a predictor of response to the targeted therapies against particular signaling proteins. To precisely identify the cause and the place of the pathway deregulation, it is necessary to identify phosphorylation states and concentrations of several proteins located at different levels of the regulatory cascade...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Su-Jie Ni, Li-Qin Zhao, Xiao-Feng Wang, Zhen-Hua Wu, Rui-Xi Hua, Chun-Hua Wan, Jie-Yun Zhang, Xiao-Wei Zhang, Ming-Zhu Huang, Lu Gan, Hua-Lin Sun, Goberdhan P Dimri, Wei-Jian Guo
BACKGROUND: Chromobox protein homolog 7 (CBX7), a member of the polycomb group (PcG) family of proteins, is involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and cancer progression. PcG family members, such as BMI, Mel-18, and EZH2, are integral constituents of the polycomb repressive complexes (PRCs) and have been known to regulate cancer stem cell (CSC) phenotype. However, the role of other PRCs' constituents such as CBX7 in the regulation of CSC phenotype remains largely elusive. This study was to investigate the role of CBX7 in regulating stem cell-like properties of gastric cancer and the underlying mechanisms...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Chih-Ming Ho, Fa-Kung Lee, Shih-Hung Huang, Wen-Fang Cheng
Our previous study showed that 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) could inhibit tumor growth by enhancing the susceptibility of ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC) to paclitaxel through decreasing AKT/mTOR expressions. The objective of the study is to evaluate the antitumor efficacy of everolimus (RAD001) and 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC) by targeting AKT/mTOR and EZH2 in OCCC. Paclitaxel-sensitive and resistant OCCC cell lines were established. In vitro proliferative and apoptotic assays and flow cytometry were performed...
2018: American Journal of Cancer Research
Shanshan Qin, Jing Li, Yuan Si, Zhongwei He, Te Zhang, Dawei Wang, Xuewen Liu, Yang Guo, Liang Zhang, Shan Li, Qiang Li, Ying Liu
Cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) is a human oncoprotein that is overexpressed in multiple types of tumors and promotes the proliferation and transformation of cancer cells. However, whether CIP2A can be a new drug target for human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is largely unclear. In the present study, we demonstrated that the overexpression of CIP2A promotes invasive behavior in GBM, and a natural compound, cucurbitacin B (CuB), shows an anti-proliferative and anti-invasion effect in GBM cell lines...
February 2, 2018: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Rui Zhong, Bing Liang, Rui Xin, Xuanji Zhu, Zhuo Liu, Qiao Chen, Yufei Hou, Zhao Jin, Mu Qi, Shumei Ma, Xiaodong Liu
Deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) is a rate limiting enzyme critical for the phosphorylation of endogenous deoxynucleosides and for the anti‑tumor activity of many nucleoside analogs. dCK is activated in response to ionizing radiation (IR) and it is required for the G2/M checkpoint induced by IR. However, whether dCK plays a role in radiation-induced autophagy and apoptosis is less clear. In this study, we reported that dCK decreased IR-induced total cell death and apoptosis, and increased IR-induced autophagy in SKBR3 and MDA‑MB‑231 breast cancer cell lines...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Jie Jiang, Hong-Yue Ren, Guo-Jun Geng, Yan-Jun Mi, Yu Liu, Ning Li, Shu-Yu Yang, Dong-Yan Shen
Insulin is associated with the progression of numerous different types of cancer. However, the association between insulin and non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of insulin in the proliferation, migration and drug resistance of NSCLC cells, and to determine whether the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway was involved. NSCLC cells were treated with insulin in the absence or presence of LY294002, an inhibitor of the PI3K/Akt pathway...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Lu Liu, Liang Zhong, Yi Zhao, Min Chen, Shifei Yao, Lianwen Li, Chunlan Xiao, Zhiling Shan, Liugen Gan, Ting Xu, Beizhong Liu
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), characterized by the presence of the promyelocytic leukemia (PML)-retinoic acid α receptor (RARα) fusion protein, responds to treatment with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO). However, drug resistance and side effects restrict the application of these reagents. Hence, the development of novel therapeutic drugs for APL treatment is critical. Lapatinib, a small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been used in the treatment of different tumors. However, it is unclear whether lapatinib exerts antitumor effects on APL...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Sheng-Hua Wu, I-Cheng Lu, Su-Shin Lee, Aij-Lie Kwan, Chee-Yin Chai, Shu-Hung Huang
Burn-induced neuromuscular dysfunction may contribute to long-term morbidity; therefore, it is imperative to develop novel treatments. The present study investigated whether erythropoietin (EPO) administration attenuates burn-induced motor neuron apoptosis and neuroinflammatory response. To validate our hypothesis, a third-degree hind paw burn rat model was developed by bringing the paw into contact with a metal surface at 75°C for 10 s. A total of 24 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to four groups: Group A, sham-control; Group B, burn-induced; Group C, burn + single EPO dose (5000 IU/kg i...
2018: PloS One
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