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cognitive behavior psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351711/-beck-anxiety-inventory-german-version-a-reliable-valid-patientfriendly-instrument-for-measuring-clinical-anxiety
#1
Edgar Geissner, Anne Huetteroth
The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) is available in German. Apart from data in its manual, there are no further reports on the psychometric properties of this questionnaire and on its suitability for clinical use in Germany. This study therefore offers an independent investigation into the psychometrics as well as the clinical characteristics of the BAI. Three samples with n=145, n=90, and n=174 comprised inpatients diagnosed with anxiety disorders and treated in a large psychosomatic hospital. In addition to the BAI, the clinician rating Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HamA), the State-Trait-Anxiety Inventory (STAI) as well as the two anxiety subscales of the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL 90) were used to establish convergent validity...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347888/patient-baseline-interpersonal-problems-as-moderators-of-outcome-in-two-psychotherapies-for-bulimia-nervosa
#2
Juan Martin Gomez Penedo, Michael J Constantino, Alice E Coyne, Samantha L Bernecker, Lotte Smith-Hansen
OBJECTIVE: We tested an aptitude by treatment interaction; namely, whether patients' baseline interpersonal problems moderated the comparative efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) vs. interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for bulimia nervosa (BN). METHOD: Data derived from a randomized-controlled trial. Patients reported on their interpersonal problems at baseline; purge frequency at baseline, midtreatment, and posttreatment; and global eating disorder severity at baseline and posttreatment...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345528/linguistic-analysis-of-patients-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-during-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#3
Anke R Sonnenschein, Stefan G Hofmann, Tobias Ziegelmayer, Wolfgang Lutz
We analyzed the verbal behavior of patients with mood or/and anxiety disorders during psychotherapy. Investigating the words people used, we expected differences due to cognitive and emotional foci in patients with depression vs. anxiety. Transcripts of therapy sessions from 85 outpatients treated with cognitive behavioral therapy were analyzed using the software program Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count. Multivariate group comparisons were carried out investigating the LIWC-categories first-person-singular pronouns, sad, anxiety and fillers...
January 18, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335360/activity-in-the-ventral-medial-prefrontal-cortex-is-necessary-for-the-therapeutic-effects-of-extinction-in-rats
#4
Elizabeth A Fucich, Denisse Paredes, Madeleine O Saunders, David A Morilak
Poor response and high relapse rates remain problematic in the treatment of stress-related psychiatric disorders like depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While mechanisms of pharmacotherapies are intensely studied, little is known about mechanisms of behavioral therapy that could inform improved treatments. We have previously demonstrated the therapeutic effects of extinction learning as a behavioral intervention modeling exposure therapy in rats. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that activity in the ventral medial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) during extinction is necessary for its therapeutic effects...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331692/memory-performance-predicts-response-to-psychotherapy-for-depression-in-bipolar-disorder-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-with-exploratory-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#5
Thilo Deckersbach, Amy T Peters, Conor Shea, Aishwarya Gosai, Jonathan P Stange, Andrew D Peckham, Kristen K Ellard, Michael W Otto, Scott L Rauch, Darin D Dougherty, Andrew A Nierenberg
OBJECTIVE: This pilot randomized controlled trial compared Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Supportive Psychotherapy (SP) for the treatment of depression in bipolar I disorder. We also examined whether exploratory verbal memory, executive functioning, and neural correlates of verbal memory during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) predicted change in depression severity. METHODS: Thirty-two adults (ages 18-65) with DSM-IV bipolar I disorder meeting current criteria for a major depressive episode were randomized to 18 weeks of CBT or SP...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329058/association-of-comorbid-personality-disorders-with-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-two-psychotherapies-for-early-onset-persistent-depressive-disorder
#6
Nele Erkens, Elisabeth Schramm, Levente Kriston, Martin Hautzinger, Martin Härter, Ulrich Schweiger, Jan Philipp Klein
BACKGROUND: Persistent depressive disorder (PDD) is associated with high rates of comorbid personality disorders (PD). The association of comorbid PD and clinical characteristics has not been systematically studied in PDD. Results regarding effects on treatment outcome are heterogeneous. METHODS: We analyzed the association of comorbid personality disorders with clinical characteristics and outcome in a randomized controlled trial comparing the disorder-specific Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP) with nonspecific supportive psychotherapy (SP) in patients with early-onset PDD...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320382/two-new-psychotherapy-studies-back-to-the-future
#7
Eric M Plakun
This column reviews 2 recent high-quality psychotherapy research studies. One study by Steinert and colleagues suggests that psychodynamic therapy is equivalent to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) (or medication when this was the comparator) for a range of disorders. A second study by Barlow and colleagues finds Unified Protocol CBT targeting underlying emotional dysregulation to be equivalent to single disorder-specific CBT for a range of anxiety disorders. Taken together, these studies help bridge the gap between CBT and psychodynamic therapy and refocus us on the realities of clinical settings, where most patients present with multiple comorbid disorders...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306939/does-childhood-maltreatment-moderate-the-effect-of-the-cognitive-behavioral-analysis-system-of-psychotherapy-versus-supportive-psychotherapy-in-persistent-depressive-disorder
#8
Jan Philipp Klein, Nele Erkens, Ulrich Schweiger, Levente Kriston, Paul Bausch, Ingo Zobel, Martin Hautzinger, Dieter Schoepf, Ilinca Serbanescu, Josef Bailer, Matthias Backenstrass, Katrin Wambach, Henrik Walter, Martin Härter, Elisabeth Schramm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306690/differential-change-on-depressive-symptom-factors-with-antidepressant-medication-and-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-major-depressive-disorder
#9
Boadie W Dunlop, Steven P Cole, Charles B Nemeroff, Helen S Mayberg, W Edward Craighead
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a heterogeneous condition and individual patients are likely to be differentially responsive to specific treatments. In an exploratory factor analysis of three rating scales, the Genome-based Therapeutic Drugs for Depression (GENDEP) trial identified three factors that were differentially associated with outcome to nortriptyline and escitalopram. However, this factor analysis has neither been replicated or applied to a psychotherapy treatment...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303947/outcomes-of-acute-partial-hospital-treatment-comparison-of-two-programs-and-a-waiting-list-control
#10
Paul B Lieberman, Rendueles Villalba, Samantha G Farris
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of acute, very brief partial hospital treatment, and the comparative benefits of different types of partial hospitalization programs (PHPs), this exploratory study examined changes in psychiatric symptoms and elements of cognitive functioning during an acute PHP compared with a waiting list control, and also compared such changes in 2 PHPs that treated similar patient groups but used different treatment approaches. METHODS: Patients were admitted to 2 PHPs, one utilizing cognitive-behavioral therapy and the other interpersonal and existential psychotherapy...
November 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287668/development-of-a-novel-integrated-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-co-occurring-posttraumatic-stress-and-substance-use-disorders-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Anka A Vujanovic, Lia J Smith, Charles E Green, Scott D Lane, Joy M Schmitz
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD) are complex psychiatric conditions that commonly co-occur. No evidence-based, 'gold standard' treatments for PTSD/SUD comorbidity are currently available. The present pilot randomized clinical trial was designed to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a novel, integrated cognitive-behavioral treatment approach for PTSD/SUD, entitled Treatment of Integrated Posttraumatic Stress and Substance Use (TIPSS), as compared to standard cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) for SUD...
December 26, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278206/a-systematic-review-of-evidence-based-treatment-strategies-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-resistant-to-first-line-pharmacotherapy
#12
Umberto Albert, Donatella Marazziti, Gabriele Di Salvo, Francesca Solia, Gianluca Rosso, Giuseppe Maina
BACKGROUND: Serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) and cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy (CBT) are first-line treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, a significant proportion of patients do not respond satisfactorily to first-choice treatments. Several options have been investigated for the management of resistant patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present paper is to systematically review the available literature concerning the strategies for the treatment of resistant adult patients with OCD...
December 22, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239789/anterior-cingulate-volume-predicts-response-to-psychotherapy-and-functional-connectivity-with-the-inferior-parietal-cortex-in-major-depressive-disorder
#13
Fabio Sambataro, Nadja Doerig, Jürgen Hänggi, Robert Christian Wolf, Janis Brakowski, Martin Grosse Holtforth, Erich Seifritz, Simona Spinelli
In major depressive disorder (MDD), the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) has been associated with clinical outcome as well as with antidepressant treatment response. Nonetheless, the association between individual differences in ACC structure and function and the response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is still unexplored. For this aim, twenty-five unmedicated patients with MDD were scanned with structural and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging before the beginning of CBT treatment. ACC morphometry was correlated with clinical changes following psychotherapy...
November 24, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238508/effectiveness-of-teaching-cognitive-behavioral-techniques-on-locus-of-control-in-hemodialysis-patients
#14
Mohammad Mehrtak, Shahram Habibzadeh, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Abdollah Rjaei-Khiavi
Background: Many of the cognitive behavioral models and therapeutic protocols developed so far for psychological disorders and chronic diseases have proved effective through clinical research. Objective: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of teaching cognitive-behavioral techniques on locus of control in hemodialysis patients. Methods: This controlled clinical trial study was conducted in 2015 with 76 patients selected by census and treated with a hemodialysis machine in the dialysis department of Vali-Asr Hospital in the city of Meshkinshahr...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238317/therapeutic-self-disclosure-within-dbt-schema-therapy-and-cbasp-opportunities-and-challenges
#15
Stephan Köhler, Anne Guhn, Felix Betzler, Christian Stiglmayr, Eva-Lotta Brakemeier, Philipp Sterzer
In recent years, various therapeutic interventions have been established that extended behavior and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) by so-called "third-wave" strategies. In order to address specific therapeutic challenges in certain subgroups of patients who do not sufficiently respond to "classical CBT," some of these third-wave strategies put particular emphasis on therapist self-disclosure. This article highlights therapeutic self-disclosure as a means to address interpersonal problems by comparing three third-wave strategies: (a) acceptance and change strategies as used in Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), (b) the concept of "limited reparenting" as used in Schema Therapy (ST), and (c) disciplined personal involvement as used in the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212135/what-is-the-effect-on-comorbid-personality-disorder-of-brief-panic-focused-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-panic-disorder
#16
John R Keefe, Barbara L Milrod, Robert Gallop, Jacques P Barber, Dianne L Chambless
BACKGROUND: No studies of psychotherapies for panic disorder (PD) have examined effects on comorbid personality disorders (PersD), yet half such patients have a PersD. METHODS: In a randomized trial for PD with and without agoraphobia comparing Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Panic-Focused Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (PFPP), PersD was assessed pre-to-post treatment with the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnosis of Axis-II Disorders (SCID-II). For patients completing therapy (n = 118, 54 with PersD), covariance between panic and SCID-II criteria improvements was analyzed...
December 6, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211270/-children-s-psychiatric-hospital-dr-juan-n-navarro-50-years-of-attention-to-the-mental-health-of-children-and-adolescents-in-mexico
#17
Maria Elena Márquez-Caraveo, Eduardo Arroyo-García, Armida Granados-Rojas, Angélica Ángeles-Llerenas
The activities concerning mental health care of psychiatric disorders during more than 50 years of service (1966-2016) at the Children's Psychiatric Hospital "Dr. Juan N. Navarro" (HPI), as well as the progressive development of teaching and research, have contributed to its positioning as a leading institution in medical care of high specialization. This has been possible through the training of human resources that focus the quality of care to the children and their families. The hospital has progressed towards diagnostic and therapeutic care of outpatients through the creation of specialized clinics (emotions, behavior, development, adolescence, among others) and the development of more actualized and integral therapeutic programs (behavioral psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral, psychodynamic; individual, group, family, etc...
July 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200858/group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-insomnia-a-cross-sectional-case-controlled-study
#18
Hongjing Mao, Yutian Ji, You Xu, Guangzheng Tang, Zhenghe Yu, Lianlian Xu, Chanchan Shen, Wei Wang
Background: Group cognitive-behavioral therapy (GCBT) might meet the considerable treatment demand of insomnia, but its effectiveness needs to be addressed. Participants: This study recruited 27 insomnia patients treated with 16-weeks of zolpidem (zolpidem group), 26 patients treated with 4-weeks of zolpidem and also treated with 12-weeks of GCBT (GCBT group), and 31 healthy control volunteers. Methods: Before treatment and 16 weeks after intervention, participants were evaluated using the Patient Health Questionnaires (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 [PHQ-9] and Patient Health Questionnaire-15 [PHQ-15]), the Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep-16 (DBAS-16), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197104/the-effect-of-dronabinol-in-a-male-patient-with-anorexia-nervosa-suffering-from-severe-acute-urge-to-be-physically-active
#19
Holmer Graap, Yesim Erim, Georgios Paslakis
OBJECTIVE: A 27-year-old male suffering from chronic anorexia nervosa was admitted for inpatient psychotherapy suffering from severe urge to be physically active. METHODS: An off-label treatment with dronabinol was initiated, to reduce his symptoms related to that urge. Several attempts to reduce symptoms including intensive psychotherapy and several psychopharmacological agents had failed in the past. RESULTS: Following treatment with 7.5 mg dronabinol twice a day, the patient reported a significant reduction in his acute urge to be physically active...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189035/processes-of-change-after-a-sudden-gain-and-relation-to-treatment-outcome-evidence-for-an-upward-spiral
#20
Felix Wucherpfennig, Julian A Rubel, Stefan G Hofmann, Wolfgang Lutz
OBJECTIVE: Sudden gains are sudden symptom improvements from 1 psychotherapy session to the next. This study investigates the processes that may facilitate treatment outcome after a sudden gain occurred. METHOD: A sample of 211 depressed patients who underwent cognitive-behavioral therapy was analyzed. Sudden gains were identified using a session-by-session self-report symptom measure. Patient ratings of general change factors (therapeutic alliance; coping skills) in the sessions before and after a sudden gain were investigated as predictors of outcome...
December 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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