keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

asthma fatal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735474/the-detroit-young-adult-asthma-project-proposal-for-a-multicomponent-technology-intervention-for-african-american-emerging-adults-with-asthma
#1
Karen MacDonell, Sylvie Naar, Wanda Gibson-Scipio, Jean-Marie Bruzzese, Bo Wang, Aaron Brody
BACKGROUND: Racial and ethnic minority youth have poorer asthma status than white youth, even after controlling for socioeconomic variables. Proper use of asthma controller medications is critical in reducing asthma mortality and morbidity. The clinical consequences of poor asthma management include increased illness complications, excessive functional morbidity, and fatal asthma attacks. There are significant limitations in research on interventions to improve asthma management in racial minority populations, particularly minority adolescents and young adults, although illness management tends to deteriorate after adolescence during emerging adulthood, the unique developmental period beyond adolescence but before adulthood...
May 7, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717545/very-low-asthma-death-incidence-among-finnish-children-from-1999-to-2015
#2
Juho E Kivistö, Jussi Karjalainen, Laura Kivelä, Heini Huhtala, Jennifer L P Protudjer
BACKGROUND: The most recent reports concerning asthma fatalities in Finnish children are from 1998. Since that time, asthma care has improved and asthma-related hospitalizations have decreased. Yet, it is unknown whether pediatric asthma deaths have similarly decreased. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of asthma deaths in the Finnish pediatric population from 1999 onward and to describe the details of fatal asthma exacerbations. METHODS: We obtained copies of the death certificates from Statistics Finland of all Finnish children aged 0-19 years who died from asthma between 1999 and 2015...
May 1, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684568/current-trends-in-food-allergy-induced-anaphylaxis-management-at-school
#3
REVIEW
Matthew Greenhawt, Dana Wallace, Wesley Sublet, Erin Maughan, Andrea Tanner, Kevin Kelly, Stanley Fineman, Martha White, Gene Cash, Charmayne Anderson, Sally Schoessler, Ruchi Gupta, Michael Pistiner
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence and current policies regarding the use of epinephrine at schools and child care centers Data Sources and Study Selection: A narrative review was performed based on the result of conference proceedings of a group of inter-professional stakeholders who attended the USAnaphylaxis Summit 2017 presented by Allergy & Asthma Network. RESULTS: Anaphylaxis is a well-recognized medical emergency requiring prompt treatment with intramuscular epinephrine...
April 20, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668295/unravelling-a-clinical-paradox-why-does-bronchial-thermoplasty-work-in-asthma
#4
Graham M Donovan, John G Elliot, Francis H Y Green, Alan L James, Peter B Noble
Rationale Bronchial thermoplasty is a relatively new but effective treatment in asthmatic subjects who do not respond to conventional therapy. While the favoured mechanism is ablation of the airway smooth muscle layer, because bronchial thermoplasty treats only a small number of central airways, there is ongoing debate regarding its precise method of action. Objectives Elucidate the underlying method of action behind bronchial thermoplasty. Methods We employ a combination of extensive human lung specimens and novel computational methods...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576240/question-1-why-do-children-still-die-from-asthma
#5
REVIEW
Ana Maria Herrera Gana, Dominic A Fitzgerald
Asthma is one of the commonest chronic conditions in children and can occasionally be fatal. Little has changed regarding the risk factors for children dying from asthma in the last 30 years. The majority of deaths from asthma occur in children from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds. These should be preventable with better education of families, oversight of medication adherence and improved communication between health care professionals and families. More needs to be done to deliver basic messages more effectively about asthma management to the most vulnerable in communities around the world...
February 17, 2018: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559484/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-for-near-fatal-asthma-refractory-to-conventional-ventilation
#6
Usman Maqsood, Nehal Patel
We describe a case of near-fatal asthma, treated successfully by initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). A 29-year-old woman, known asthmatic on steroid inhalers, inhaled/nebulised bronchodilators, long-term oral prednisolone, theophylline and montelukast, presented with acute shortness of breath. She deteriorated following initial treatment with nebulised bronchodilators and magnesium sulfate requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation. Severe bronchospasm ensued following mechanical ventilation and peak airway pressures remained at 55 cm H2 O with intrinsic positive end expiratory pressure(PEEP) of 14 cm H2 O...
March 20, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554886/pulmonary-interstitial-emphysema-in-fatal-asthma-case-report-and-histopathological-review
#7
Thais Mauad, Felipe B P do Nascimento, Marisa Dolhnikoff, Milena C M Picka, Paulo H N Saldiva
BACKGROUND: Mortality related to asthma has decreased worldwide since the introduction of inhaled corticosteroid therapy in the past decades. However, there are still some asthma fatalities identified mainly in populations with less access to regular treatment. Pulmonary interstitial emphysema due to alveolar rupture has been rarely described as a complication of an acute severe asthma attack, and its identification in pathological analysis can be difficult. Previous studies reported the association of pulmonary interstitial emphysema and bronchial ductal gland ectasia in asthma...
March 20, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509757/patterns-and-temporal-trends-of-comorbidity-among-adult-patients-with-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-uk-between-2000-and-2014-a-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Jenny Tran, Robyn Norton, Nathalie Conrad, Fatemeh Rahimian, Dexter Canoy, Milad Nazarzadeh, Kazem Rahimi
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity in people with cardiovascular disease (CVD) is common, but large-scale contemporary reports of patterns and trends in patients with incident CVD are limited. We investigated the burden of comorbidities in patients with incident CVD, how it changed between 2000 and 2014, and how it varied by age, sex, and socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink with linkage to Hospital Episode Statistics, a population-based dataset from 674 UK general practices covering approximately 7% of the current UK population...
March 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504499/quadrupling-inhaled-glucocorticoid-dose-to-abort-asthma-exacerbations
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Tricia McKeever, Kevin Mortimer, Andrew Wilson, Samantha Walker, Christopher Brightling, Andrew Skeggs, Ian Pavord, David Price, Lelia Duley, Mike Thomas, Lucy Bradshaw, Bernard Higgins, Rebecca Haydock, Eleanor Mitchell, Graham Devereux, Timothy Harrison
BACKGROUND: Asthma exacerbations are frightening for patients and are occasionally fatal. We tested the concept that a plan for patients to manage their asthma (self-management plan), which included a temporary quadrupling of the dose of inhaled glucocorticoids when asthma control started to deteriorate, would reduce the incidence of severe asthma exacerbations among adults and adolescents with asthma. METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic, unblinded, randomized trial involving adults and adolescents with asthma who were receiving inhaled glucocorticoids, with or without add-on therapy, and who had had at least one exacerbation in the previous 12 months...
March 8, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417466/lanostane-triterpenoids-from-fomitopsis-officinalis-and-their-trypanocidal-activity
#10
Shinen Naranmandakh, Toshihiro Murata, Batsukh Odonbayar, Keisuke Suganuma, Javzan Batkhuu, Kenroh Sasaki
Fomitopsis officinalis is a medicinal fungus, known as 'Agarikon', and is used traditionally in the treatment of asthma and rheumatism in Mongolia. The investigation of the chemical constituents of F. officinalis led to the isolation of 4 new lanostane triterpenoids together with 4 known triterpenoids. Inhibitory activity against Trypanosoma congolense, which causes fatal diseases in animals including livestock, was estimated for the isolated compounds. Compounds 2-5 and 8 exhibited moderate inhibition activities with IC50 values ranging from 7...
March 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384116/anaphylaxis-in-a-food-allergy-outpatient-department-one-year-review
#11
R A Fernandes, F Regateiro, C Pereira, E Faria, J Pita, A Todo-Bom, I Carrapatoso
Background. Anaphylaxis is an acute, potentially fatal, multi-organ allergic reac-tion. Our aim was to characterize the population with food induced anaphylaxis followed over a one-year period. Methods. Retrospective analysis of clinical files of patients with food anaphylaxis observed in our food allergy consultation during 2016. Results. Sixty-two patients were included. In the pediatric group, the implicated allergens were cow's milk, egg and fish and in the adults' group, the commonest allergens were nuts and wheat...
March 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339129/systemic-reactions-in-pediatric-patients-receiving-standardized-allergen-subcutaneous-immunotherapy-with-and-without-seasonal-dose-adjustment
#12
Sultan Albuhairi, Tatyana Sare, Paul Lakin, Kristel El Khoury, Elena Crestani, Lynda C Schneider, Rocco Anzaldi, Al Patterson, Rima Rachid
BACKGROUND: The 2003 Joint Task Force on Practice Parameters recommended standardizing allergen subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT). Data from longitudinal surveillance survey in North America reported a systemic reaction (SR) rate of 0.1% to 0.2% of injection visits. The rate of SR to standardized SCIT in pediatric patients has not been well evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the rate of SRs to standardized SCIT in pediatric patients aged 5 to 18 years in a single tertiary care center in the United States...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228930/gene-expression-analysis-in-asthma-using-a-targeted-multiplex-array
#13
Christopher D Pascoe, Ma'en Obeidat, Bryna A Arsenault, Yunlong Nie, Stephanie Warner, Dorota Stefanowicz, Samuel J Wadsworth, Jeremy A Hirota, S Jasemine Yang, Delbert R Dorscheid, Chris Carlsten, Tillie L Hackett, Chun Y Seow, Peter D Paré
BACKGROUND: Gene expression changes in the structural cells of the airways are thought to play a role in the development of asthma and airway hyperresponsiveness. This includes changes to smooth muscle contractile machinery and epithelial barrier integrity genes. We used a targeted gene expression arrays to identify changes in the expression and co-expression of genes important in asthma pathology. METHODS: RNA was isolated from the airways of donor lungs from 12 patients with asthma (8 fatal) and 12 non-asthmatics controls and analyzed using a multiplexed, hypothesis-directed platform to detect differences in gene expression...
December 11, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212551/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-life-threatening-asthma-refractory-to-mechanical-ventilation-analysis-of-the-extracorporeal-life-support-organization-registry
#14
Hye Ju Yeo, Dohyung Kim, Doosoo Jeon, Yun Seong Kim, Peter Rycus, Woo Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in cases of near-fatal asthma (NFA) has increased, but the benefits and potential complications of this therapy have yet to be fully investigated. METHODS: Cases were extracted from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Registry between March 1992 and March 2016. All patients with a diagnosis of asthma (according to the International Classification of Diseases 9th edition), who also received ECMO, were extracted...
December 6, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197099/identification-of-patterns-of-factors-preceding-severe-or-life-threatening-asthma-exacerbations-in-a-nationwide-study
#15
H Tanaka, E Nakatani, Y Fukutomi, K Sekiya, H Kaneda, M Iikura, M Yoshida, K Takahashi, K Tomii, M Nishikawa, N Kaneko, Y Sugino, M Shinkai, T Ueda, Y Tanikawa, T Shirai, M Hirabayashi, T Aoki, T Kato, K Iizuka, M Fujii, M Taniguchi
BACKGROUND: Reducing near-fatal asthma exacerbations is a critical problem in asthma management. OBJECTIVES: To determine patterns of factors preceding asthma exacerbations in a real-world setting. METHODS: In a nationwide prospective study of 190 patients who had experienced near-fatal asthma exacerbation, cluster analysis was performed using asthma symptoms over the 2-week period before admission. RESULTS: Three distinct clusters of symptoms were defined employing the self-reporting of a visual analogue scale...
December 1, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184413/near-fatal-asthma-responsive-to-mepolizumab-after-failure-of-omalizumab-and-bronchial-thermoplasty
#16
Francesco Menzella, Carla Galeone, Mirco Lusuardi, Anna Simonazzi, Claudia Castagnetti, Patrizia Ruggiero, Nicola Facciolongo
Severe asthma affects between 5% and 10% of patients with asthma worldwide and requires best standard therapies at maximal doses, but there is a subgroup of patients refractory to all treatments. We share a case report of a 53-year-old woman with a history of severe allergic asthma that progressively worsened over the years despite the best therapy. She had been hospitalized 35 times, including nine admissions to the respiratory intensive care unit due to severe exacerbations. To rule out other possible diagnoses, several investigations were performed, such as computed tomography scan of the chest and neck, fiberoptic laryngoscopy, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, and complete blood cell count...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175662/comorbidities-in-relation-to-fatality-of-first-myocardial-infarction
#17
Hedley Knewjen Quintana, Imre Janszky, Alkass Kanar, Bruna Gigante, Henrik Druid, Anders Ahlbom, Ulf de Faire, Johan Hallqvist, Karin Leander
INTRODUCTION: Present knowledge concerning potential associations between comorbidities and the fatality of a first myocardial infarction (MI) is limited. AIM: To identify comorbidities in 45-70-year-old individuals who suffered a first MI and died within 7 days in Stockholm County from 1992-1994. In addition, to assess how each of the comorbidities identified, as well as the number of hospitalizations during the 10-year period prior to the MI, was associated with MI fatality...
January 2018: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165683/systematic-review-occupational-illness-in-the-waste-and-recycling-sector
#18
C J M Poole, S Basu
Background: The waste and recycling sector is a growing part of industry. Whether health surveillance is indicated and how it should be undertaken is unclear. Aims: To undertake a review of the literature to identify hazards to health, biological effects and occupational illnesses for workers in the sector. Methods: A systematic review of the published literature and two UK databases. Results: Rates of fatal, non-fatal injuries and self-reported work-related illness were found to be higher in the waste and recycling sector than in UK industry as a whole...
December 2, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132117/an-extrapulmonary-manifestation-of-lymphangioleiomyomatosis-a-rare-case-report
#19
L Volkan Tümay, Osman Serhat Güner, Abdullah Zorluoğlu
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare and fatal disease which occurs almost exclusively in young women. The disease often affects lungs and most of the patients die from respiratory failure. It is often initially misdiagnosed as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The most common presentations of pulmonary LAM (P-LAM) include dyspnea and coughing. Chylothorax and spontaneous pneumothorax may be seen in advanced cases. Although rare, it may present with extrapulmonary LAM (E-LAM). Renal angiomyolipomas and abdominal lymphadenopathies (LAPs) are common in E-LAM cases...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062711/strongyloides-hyperinfection-syndrome-causing-fatal-meningitis-and-septicemia-by-citrobacter-koseri
#20
Felix Reyes, Navneet Singh, Nigar Anjuman-Khurram, Jihae Lee, Lillian Chow
Citrobacter koseri is a gram-negative bacillius that belongs to the Enterobacteriaceae family. It is an uncommon pathogen that typically causes meningitis and brain abscesses in children, however central nervous system (CNS) infections are rarely found in adults. We present a case of C. koseri meningitis in an immunocompetent adult secondary to intestinal micro-perforation caused by Strongyloides A 76-year-old man admitted for asthma exacerbation developed septic shock. A lumbar puncture revealed bacterial meningitis...
2017: IDCases
keyword
keyword
93803
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"