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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429719/introducing-ultrasonic-falling-film-evaporator-for-moderate-temperature-evaporation-enhancement
#1
Maryam Dehbani, Masoud Rahimi
In the present study, Ultrasonic Falling Film (USFF), as a novel technique has been proposed to increase the evaporation rate of moderate temperature liquid film. It is a proper method for some applications which cannot be performed at high temperature, such as foodstuff industry, due to their sensitivity to high temperatures. Evaporation rate of sodium chloride solution from an USFF on an inclined flat plate compared to that for Falling Film without ultrasonic irradiation (FF) at various temperatures was investigated...
April 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425158/free-vibration-analysis-of-moderately-thick-orthotropic-functionally-graded-plates-with-general-boundary-restraints
#2
Yu Fu, Jianjun Yao, Zhenshuai Wan, Gang Zhao
In this paper, a modified Fourier series method is presented for the free vibration of moderately thick orthotropic functionally graded plates with general boundary restraints based on the first-order shear deformation theory. Regardless of boundary restraints, displacements and rotations of each plate are described as an improved form of double Fourier cosine series and several closed-form auxiliary functions to eliminate all the boundary discontinuities and jumps. Exact solutions are obtained by the energy functions of the plates based on Rayleigh-Ritz method...
February 9, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423469/a-novel-fluorescent-probe-based-on-biphenyl-and-rhodamine-for-multi-metal-ion-recognition-and-its-application
#3
Xu Tang, Yun Wang, Juan Han, Liang Ni, Huiqin Zhang, Cheng Li, Jing Li, Yue Qiu
At present, the design of multi ion sensing receptors is a new area of research due to their potential application in the recognition of analytes. Herein, a novel fluorescent probe for the detection of multi metal ions was designed and synthesized based on the fluorophores of biphenyl and rhodamine. Probe 1 exhibits multiple fluorescence responses to various metal ions (Zn2+, Al3+, Cr3+ and Fe3+) and is accompanied by different optical signal outputs. Moreover, the interference between the target ions can also be effectively solved by the introduction of probe 2 and the addition of the corresponding anions...
February 9, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412054/design-of-a-stabilisation-platform-for-parkinson-s-disease-patient
#4
Luay Fraiwan, Safi Amir, Fahad Ahmed, Junaid Halepota
There are an increased number of patients all over the world suffering from postural tremors and rest tremors, the types of tremors associated with Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Currently, there is no cure for such disease and patients have to deal with their condition to continue their life normally with the existing of some helpful instruments. This work presents a self-stabilising Parkinson's disease (PD) Tray (platform) that can help them to carry objects that they hold with their hand...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390645/a-novel-l-shaped-linear-ultrasonic-motor-operating-in-a-single-resonance-mode
#5
Bailiang Zhang, Zhiyuan Yao, Zhen Liu, Xiaoniu Li
In this study, a large thrust linear ultrasonic motor using an L-shaped stator is described. The stator is constructed by two mutually perpendicular rectangular plate vibrators, one of which is mounted in parallel with the slider to make the motor structure to be more compact. The symmetric and antisymmetric modes of the stator based on the first order bending vibration of two vibrators are adopted, in which each resonance mode is assigned to drive the slider in one direction. The placement of piezoelectric ceramics in a stator could be determined by finite element analysis, and the influence of slots in the head block on the vibration amplitudes of driving foot was studied as well...
January 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373546/a-micro-resonant-gas-sensor-with-nanometer-clearance-between-the-pole-plates
#6
Xiaorui Fu, Lizhong Xu
In micro-resonant gas sensors, the capacitive detection is widely used because of its simple structure. However, its shortcoming is a weak signal output caused by a small capacitance change. Here, we reduced the initial clearance between the pole plates to the nanometer level, and increased the capacitance between the pole plates and its change during resonator vibration. We propose a fabricating process of the micro-resonant gas sensor by which the initial clearance between the pole plates is reduced to the nanometer level and a micro-resonant gas sensor with 200 nm initial clearance is fabricated...
January 26, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352332/effects-of-continuous-or-intermittent-low-magnitude-high-frequency-vibration-on-fracture-healing-in-sheep
#7
Yanhui Li, Guozhao Liu, Jing Yu, Chen Li, Lei Tan, Baohui Hao, Chao Liu, Junhao Lin, Dong Zhu, Xizheng Zhang
PURPOSE: Vibration therapy has been shown to improve fracture healing. In this study, we investigated the effects of continuous or different intermittent vibration regimens on fracture healing in sheep models on the basis of radiographs, mechanical, and biochemical testing. METHODS: The 63 right-hind metatarsals from 63 sheep (12-month-old) were osteotomized; followed by surgical fixation with a steel plate. Two weeks after the surgery, the sheep with right-hind metatarsal fractures were randomly divided into seven groups (n=9/group): control (no vibration treated), continuous vibration (CV), one, three, five, seven and 14-day intermittent vibration (named IV-1, -3, -5, -7, and -14, respectively) groups, which represented a cycle of the successive n-day vibration and successive n-day break...
January 19, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347466/intermittency-and-emergence-of-coherent-structures-in-wave-turbulence-of-a-vibrating-plate
#8
Nicolas Mordant, Benjamin Miquel
We report numerical investigations of wave turbulence in a vibrating plate. The possibility to implement advanced measurement techniques and long-time numerical simulations makes this system extremely valuable for wave turbulence studies. The purely 2D character of dynamics of the elastic plate makes it much simpler to handle compared to much more complex 3D physical systems that are typical of geo- and astrophysical issues (ocean surface or internal waves, magnetized plasmas or strongly rotating and/or stratified flows)...
October 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323262/cooperative-standing-horizontal-standing-reentrant-transition-for-numerous-solid-particles-under-external-vibration
#9
Satoshi Takatori, Hikari Baba, Takatoshi Ichino, Chwen-Yang Shew, Kenichi Yoshikawa
We report the collective behavior of numerous plastic bolt-like particles exhibiting one of two distinct states, either standing stationary or horizontal accompanied by tumbling motion, when placed on a horizontal plate undergoing sinusoidal vertical vibration. Experimentally, we prepared an initial state in which all of the particles were standing except for a single particle that was placed at the center of the plate. Under continuous vertical vibration, the initially horizontal particle triggers neighboring particles to fall over into a horizontal state through tumbling-induced collision, and this effect gradually spreads to all of the particles, i...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310223/portable-vibration-assisted-filtration-device-for-on-site-isolation-of-blood-cells-or-pathogenic-bacteria-from-whole-human-blood
#10
Yong Tae Kim, Kyun Joo Park, Seyl Kim, Soon Ae Kim, Seok Jae Lee, Do Hyun Kim, Tae Jae Lee, Kyoung G Lee
Isolation of specific cells from whole blood is important to monitor disease prognosis and diagnosis. In this study, a vibration-assisted filtration (VF) device has been developed for isolation and recovery of specific cells such as leukocytes and pathogenic bacteria from human whole blood. The VF device is composed of three layers which was fabricated using injection molding with cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) pellets consisting of: a top layer with coin-type vibration motor (Ф = 10mm), a middle plate with a 1μm or 3μm-pore filter membrane to separate of Staphylococcus aureus (S...
March 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288937/molecular-dynamics-simulation-of-vibrational-behavior-of-annular-graphene-sheet-identification-of-nonlocal-parameter
#11
S H Madani, M H Sabour, M Fadaee
To obtain accurate results from the nonlocal plate theory, the nonlocal parameter should be properly determined. In this paper, practicing a molecular dynamics simulation, the nonlocal plate theory was presented for free vibration analysis of annular graphene sheets. Accuracy and stability of results are validated by published results. Calculations are performed for different boundary conditions and geometrical properties. Results reveal that inner and outer radius induce significant effects on the nonlocal parameter...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245842/dielectric-elastomer-based-fabrication-method-for-varifocal-microlens-array
#12
Lihui Wang, Tomohiko Hayakawa, Masatoshi Ishikawa
We report on a method to fabricate a varifocal microlens array that employs a dielectric elastomer (DE) sandwiched between two electrodes as the lens material. The microlens array is patterned on the electrode plates, and when the electrodes are subjected to a controllable operating voltage, the DE material is "squeezed" by the Maxwell force to deform the lens array pattern, thus resulting in curvature deformation yielding a tunable lens profile. The tunable focal length performance ranges from 950 mm to infinity...
December 11, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236087/fiber-fabry-perot-force-sensor-with-small-volume-and-high-performance-for-assessing-fretting-damage-of-steam-generator-tubes
#13
Peijian Huang, Ning Wang, Junying Li, Yong Zhu, Jie Zhang
Measuring the radial collision force between the steam generator tube (SGT) and the tube support plate (TSP) is essential to assess the fretting damage of the SGT. In order to measure the radial collision force, a novel miniaturized force sensor based on fiber Fabry-Perot (F-P) was designed, and the principle and characteristics of the sensor were analyzed in detail. Then, the F-P force sensor was successfully fabricated and calibrated, and the overall dimensions of the encapsulated fiber F-P sensor were 17 mm × 5 mm × 3 mm (L × W × H)...
December 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221031/robust-interferometer-with-external-phase-shift-control
#14
José A Ferrari, Jorge L Flores, Gastón A Ayubi, Erna Frins
We describe a robust interferometer with external phase-shift control that does not require moving parts. The optical architecture resembles a common-path device in which the interfering waves propagate together in one collimated beam passing through the test sample. The collimated beam is incident on a calcite plate, which produces a polarization selective lateral translation and superposition of the reference and test waves. The characteristic features of the proposed interferometer, i.e. one-beam single-element scheme combined with external phase-shift control without moving parts, make a highly vibration insensitive device...
November 27, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079811/self-propulsion-of-a-grain-filled-dimer-in-a-vertically-vibrated-channel
#15
C Xu, N Zheng, L-P Wang, L-S Li, Q-F Shi, Zhiyue Lu
Steady dissipation of energy is a crucial property that distinguishes active particles from Brownian particles. However, it is not straightforward to explicitly model the dissipative property of existing active particles driven by a vibrating plate. We present a novel active particle that can be explicitly modeled by Newtonian dynamics of a conservative force field plus two asymmetrical dissipative terms. The particle is a dimer consisting of two ping-pong balls connected by a rigid rod, and its two balls are filled with granular particles of the same total mass but of different grain size...
October 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054109/influence-of-backside-loading-on-the-floating-mass-transducer-an-in-vitro-experimental-study
#16
Antoniu-Oreste Gostian, Martin Sylvester Otte, David Pazen, Magdalene Ortmann, David Schwarz, Karl Bernd Hüttenbrink, Dirk Beutner
HYPOTHESIS: The vibration of the floating mass transducer (FMT) of a single active middle-ear implant (AMEI) is distinctly influenced by the properties of the material coupled to its back side. BACKGROUND: In round window vibroplasty, the FMT needs to be padded against the surrounding bone opposite from the round window membrane. This represents one factor influencing its performance as a round window driver. Therefore, we examined the effects of different materials linked to the back side of an FMT on its vibration range...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985624/modal-analysis-and-nonlinear-characterization-of-an-airborne-power-ultrasonic-transducer-with-rectangular-plate-radiator
#17
R R Andrés, V M Acosta, M Lucas, E Riera
Some industrial processes like particle agglomeration or food dehydration among others can be enhanced by the use of power ultrasonic technologies. These technologies are based on an airborne power ultrasonic transducer (APUT) constituted by a pre-stressed Langevin-type transducer, a mechanical amplifier and an extensive plate radiator. In order to produce the desired effects in industrial processing, the transducer has to vibrate in an extensional mode driving an extensive radiator in the desired flexural mode with high amplitude displacements...
January 2018: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964102/transmission-loss-of-plates-with-embedded-acoustic-black-holes
#18
Philip A Feurtado, Stephen C Conlon
In recent years acoustic black holes (ABHs) have been developed and demonstrated as an effective method for developing lightweight, high loss structures for noise and vibration control. ABHs employ a local thickness change to tailor the speed and amplitude of flexural bending waves and create concentrated regions of high strain energy which can be effectively dissipated through conventional damping treatments. These regions act as energy sinks which allow for effective broadband vibration absorption with minimal use of applied damping material...
September 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950466/wave-turbulence-theory-of-four-wave-nonlinear-interactions
#19
Sergio Chibbaro, Giovanni Dematteis, Christophe Josserand, Lamberto Rondoni
The Sagdeev-Zaslavski (SZ) equation for wave turbulence is analytically derived, both in terms of a generating function and of a multipoint probability density function (PDF), for weakly interacting waves with initial random phases. When the initial amplitudes are also random, a one-point PDF equation is derived. Such analytical calculations remarkably agree with results obtained in totally different fashions. Numerical investigations of the two-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE) and of a vibrating plate prove the following: (i) Generic Hamiltonian four-wave systems rapidly attain a random distribution of phases independently of the slower dynamics of the amplitudes, vindicating the hypothesis of initially random phases...
August 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941397/semi-analytical-modeling-of-anchor-loss-in-plate-mounted-resonators
#20
Christoph Schaal, Robert M'Closkey, Ajit Mal
A semi-analytical technique for estimating the energy loss in a resonator mounted to an infinite plate substrate is proposed in this paper. In a plate, only Lamb waves have to be considered, leading to a simplified characterization of the energy carried away from a vibrating source on the plate surface. Instead of employing absorbing elements at the boundaries of the plate-resonator finite element model, it is shown how the semi-analytical approach of stitching together analytical Lamb wave expressions to the finite element model can be utilized...
January 2018: Ultrasonics
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