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Saphenous nerve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910500/pulsed-radiofrequency-lesioning-of-saphenous-nerve-and-adductor-canal-in-lower-limb-pain-due-to-metastatic-nodule
#1
Ashok Jadon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897309/great-toe-drop-following-knee-ligament-reconstruction-a-case-report
#2
David A Boyce, Chantal Prewitt
CASE DESCRIPTION: A 17-year-old male post anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction complained of the inability to extend his great toe immediately following surgery. BACKGROUND: Neurological injuries following knee arthroscopy have been reported to occur between 0.6%-2.5%. The most commonly injured nerves are the saphenous and common fibular nerve (CFN). Great toe-drop secondary to isolated denervation of the extensor hallucis longus (EHL), has only been reported one time in the literature...
June 13, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889545/a-new-method-of-biostorage-and-biopreservation-for-human-amputated-extremities
#3
Jia Luo, Hongkang Zhou, Libing Rao, Tianxiong Liu, Lian Liu, Yanliang Chen, Jianlong Wang, Tu Hu, Shiqi Liu, Dan Chen, Hui Wang, Leping Zeng, JuFang Huang
OBJECTIVES: We have explored a better method to preserve and store human medically amputated large size samples. The approach involved developing a special embalming solution and procedures for biopreservation and biostorage of a large-sized sample as a whole specimen rather than dissected small parts. Evaluation of the effect of our special embalming solution and procedures on whole human amputated extremities compared with excised small tissues was conducted. Histological and morphological techniques and elemental analyses were utilized to assess the effects of our new method using the special embalming solution...
June 11, 2018: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881335/cell-adhesion-molecule-close-homolog-of-l1-chl1-guides-the-regrowth-of-regenerating-motor-axons-and-regulates-synaptic-coverage-of-motor-neurons
#4
Daria Guseva, Igor Jakovcevski, Andrey Irintchev, Iryna Leshchyns'ka, Vladimir Sytnyk, Evgeni Ponimaskin, Melitta Schachner
The close homolog of L1 (CHL1) is a cell adhesion molecule involved in regulation of neuronal differentiation and survival, neurite outgrowth and axon guidance during development. In the mature nervous system, CHL1 regulates synaptic activity and plasticity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of CHL1 on peripheral nerve regeneration after trauma. Using the established model of mouse femoral nerve regeneration, CHL1 knock-out mice were investigated in comparison to the wild type littermates...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877962/anatomical-study-of-the-popliteal-artery-perforator-based-propeller-flap-and-its-clinical-application
#5
Tadanobu Onishi, Takamasa Shimizu, Shohei Omokawa, Kanit Sananpanich, Akira Kido, Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh, Yasuhito Tanaka
BACKGROUND: There is lack of anatomical information regarding cutaneous perforator of the popliteal artery and its connections with the descending branch of the inferior gluteal and profunda femoris arteries. We aimed to evaluate the anatomical basis of popliteal artery perforator-based propeller flap from the posterior thigh region and to demonstrate our experience utilizing this flap. METHODS: Ten fresh cadaveric lower extremities were dissected following injection of a silicone compound into the femoral artery...
May 30, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793780/evaluation-of-the-potential-efficacy-of-an-ultrasound-guided-adductor-canal-block-technique-in-dog-cadavers
#6
Douglas S Castro, Fernando Garcia-Pereira, Robson F Giglio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an ultrasound-guided technique for adductor canal (AC) block by describing the distribution of methylene blue around the AC, popliteal fossa, saphenous, tibial and common fibular nerves in dog cadavers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental trial. ANIMALS: Ten mixed breed canine cadavers weighing 28.55 ± 3.94 kg. METHODS: Ultrasound scans of the AC were performed bilaterally in 10 canine cadavers...
March 29, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776999/stumbling-corrective-reaction-elicited-by-mechanical-and-electrical-stimulation-of-the-saphenous-nerve-in-walking-mice
#7
William Paganini Mayer, Turgay Akay
The ability to walk around in a natural environment requires the capacity to cope with unexpected obstacles that may disrupt locomotion. One such mechanism is called the stumbling corrective reaction (SCR) that enables animals to step over obstacles that would otherwise disturb the progression of swing movement. Here we use in vivo motion analysis and physiological recording techniques to describe the SCR in mice. We show that SCR can be elicited consistently in mice during locomotion by inserting an obstacle along the path of leg movement during swing phase...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772321/use-of-polidocanol-endovenous-microfoam-to-improve-hemodynamics-and-symptomology-in-patients-with-challenging-clinical-presentations-a-case-series
#8
Paul E Davis, John Phillips, Raghu Kolluri
BACKGROUND: We performed a retrospective review of treatment effects with FDA-approved Polidocanol endovenous microfoam (PEM, Varithena® 1%) on venous symptomology in ten (N=10) C3-C6 patients with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and concomitant complex disease/pathology that limited the use of endothermal ablation (ETA). METHODS: Pathology included: risk of bruising or bleeding, severe lipodermatosclerosis (LDS), Hydradenitis Suppurativa, chronic fibrosis of the vein from prior superficial thrombosis, risk for nerve injury and failed prior ETA...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765886/reference-value-for-infrapatellar-branch-of-saphenous-nerve-conduction-study-cadaveric-and-clinical-study
#9
Keon-Tae Kim, Yong-Ki Kim, Jung Ro Yoon, Yundam Ko, Myung Eun Chung
Objective: To determine the optimal stimulation and recording site for infrapatellar branch of saphenous nerve (IPBSN) conduction studies by a cadaveric study, and to confirm that obtained location is practically applicable to healthy adults. Methods: Twelve lower limbs from six cadavers were studied. We defined the optimal stimulation site as the point IPBSN exits the sartorius muscle and the distance or ratio were measured on the X- and Y-axis based on the line connecting the medial and lateral poles of the patella...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738318/saphenous-nerve-block-for-the-assessment-of-knee-pain-refractory-to-conservative-treatment
#10
Daniel C Herman, Kevin R Vincent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735332/-the-fascio-cutaneous-fibular-island-flap
#11
A-C Masquelet, J Gaillard, A Cambon-Binder, R Mauprivez
The perforators of the fibular artery provide a well vascularised supra fascial network which allows to raise a proximally or a distally based island fascio cutaneous flap with an adipo-fascial pedicle. We present a short series of five cases of this flap for coverage of soft tissue defects involving the region of the knee, the distal third of the leg and the lateral aspect of the heel. All flaps healed entirely without venous congestion. The advantages of the fascio cutaneous fibular island flap are the supine operative position, the preservation of the sural nerve and the lesser saphenous vein and a pivot point which can be located at the middle third of the leg...
May 4, 2018: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732591/differential-conduction-and-cgrp-release-in-visceral-versus-cutaneous-peripheral-nerves-in-the-mouse
#12
Roberto De Col, Karl Messlinger, Tali Hoffmann
Cutaneous afferent nerves convey sensory information from the external, visceral nerves from the internal environment. The saphenous nerve arising from lumbar dorsal root ganglia and the vagus nerve originating in the nodosum ganglia are prototypic examples of such cutaneous and visceral nerves. Despite a common sensory role, these two nerves have distinct embryonic origin and vary in neuropeptide expression. Because of their distinct physiological roles, it is plausible that they differ also in conductive properties...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723257/pharmacological-characterization-of-potent-and-selective-nav1-7-inhibitors-engineered-from-chilobrachys-jingzhao-tarantula-venom-peptide-jztx-v
#13
Bryan D Moyer, Justin K Murray, Joseph Ligutti, Kristin Andrews, Philippe Favreau, John B Jordan, Josie H Lee, Dong Liu, Jason Long, Kelvin Sham, Licheng Shi, Reto Stöcklin, Bin Wu, Ruoyuan Yin, Violeta Yu, Anruo Zou, Kaustav Biswas, Les P Miranda
Identification of voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.7 inhibitors for chronic pain therapeutic development is an area of vigorous pursuit. In an effort to identify more potent leads compared to our previously reported GpTx-1 peptide series, electrophysiology screening of fractionated tarantula venom discovered the NaV1.7 inhibitory peptide JzTx-V from the Chinese earth tiger tarantula Chilobrachys jingzhao. The parent peptide displayed nominal selectivity over the skeletal muscle NaV1.4 channel. Attribute-based positional scan analoging identified a key Ile28Glu mutation that improved NaV1...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719192/response-to-letter-regarding-combined-popliteal-catheter-with-single-injection-vs-continuous-infusion-saphenous-nerve-block-for-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#14
Steven M Raikin, Kathleen Jarrell, Elizabeth McDonald, Rachel Shakked, Kristen Nicholson, Vincent Kasper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719191/letter-regarding-combined-popliteal-catheter-with-single-injection-vs-continuous-infusion-saphenous-nerve-block-for-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#15
Mark C Kendall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700593/neurovascular-and-tendon-injuries-due-to-ankle-arthroscopy-portals-a-meta-analysis-of-interventional-cadaveric-studies
#16
Kaissar Yammine, Chahine Assi
Neurovascular and tendon structures are considered at risk when performing ankle arthroscopy. Injury rate and distance from portals to such structures varied in the literature. The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the injury risk of these structures in terms of proximity and injury prevalence. Thirteen studies including 184 cadaveric ankle arthroscopy procedures met the inclusion criteria. The antero-central portal exhibited the highest frequencies of nerve/vessel proximity and nerve/vessel missed injuries...
May 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667940/the-importance-of-the-saphenous-nerve-block-for-analgesia-following-major-ankle-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-study
#17
Siska Bjørn, Wan Yi Wong, Jørgen Baas, Kristian K Nielsen, Jens Børglum, Rasmus Wulff Hauritz, Thomas Fichtner Bendtsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Major ankle surgery causes intense postoperative pain, and whereas the importance of a sciatic nerve block is well established, the clinical significance of a supplemental saphenous nerve block has never been determined in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. We hypothesized that a saphenous nerve block reduces the proportion of patients experiencing significant clinical pain after major ankle surgery. METHODS: Eighteen patients were enrolled and received a popliteal sciatic nerve block...
March 26, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664183/posterior-tibial-perforators-relationship-with-superficial-nerves-and-veins-a-cadaver-study
#18
Antonio Bulla, Alberto Bolletta, Luca Fiorot, Matteo Maffei, Pasquale Bandiera, Vincent Casoli, Andrea Montella, Gian Vittorio Campus
BACKGROUND: Most authors have evaluated the location of lower leg arterial perforators, but little is still known about the relationship between the arterial network and great saphenous vein (GSV) and saphenous nerve (SN). The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the arterial network of the posterior tibial artery perforators, the cutaneous nerves, and the superficial venous system in the lower one third of the leg. METHODS: Eighteen lower limbs from cadavers were used for this study...
April 17, 2018: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557887/anatomical-study-of-the-innervation-of-anterior-knee-joint-capsule-implication-for-image-guided-intervention
#19
John Tran, Philip W H Peng, Karen Lam, Ehtesham Baig, Anne M R Agur, Michael Gofeld
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The knee joint is the most common site of osteoarthritis. While joint replacement is considered an ultimate solution, radiofrequency denervation may be contemplated in some cases. Radiofrequency ablation requires precise localization of the articular branches innervating the joint capsule. The objective of this cadaveric study was to determine the source, course, relationships, and frequency of articular branches innervating the anterior knee joint capsule. METHODS: Fifteen knees were meticulously dissected...
May 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548631/anatomic-study-of-anterior-and-posterior-ankle-portal-sites-for-ankle-arthroscopy-in-plantarflexion-and-dorsiflexion-a-cadaveric-study-in-the-japanese-population
#20
Ichiro Tonogai, Fumio Hayashi, Yoshihiro Tsuruo, Koichi Sairyo
Arthroscopy is an important and minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic tool. However, the risk of injury to the neurovascular structures around the portals exists during arthroscopy of the ankle. In the present study, we measured the distance between each portal and the adjacent neurovascular structures with the foot in plantarflexion and dorsiflexion in the Japanese population. Standard anterolateral (AL), anteromedial, posterolateral (PL), and posteromedial portal positions were identified in 6 fresh adult cadaveric feet...
May 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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