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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670393/chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-decreases-pulmonary-clearance-of-99m-tc-labelled-particulate-matter-in-mice
#1
Cuiping Fu, Huan Lu, Xu Wu, Jie Liu, Chengying Liu, Zilong Liu, Wei Yuan, Jian Zhou, Shanqun Li
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) could cause systematic inflammation including pulmonary inflammatory response, whereas the influence of OSAHS in pulmonary clearance ability remains unknown. The main pathophysiological feature of OSAHS is chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). The goal of this study is to clarify the airway clearance of particulate matter (PM) in CIH mice, and to explore the potential mechanism. METHODS: Balb/c mice were divided into a CIH group and a control group, exposed to intermittent hypoxia and air chamber, respectively...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650634/reversible-and-versatile-on-tether-modification-of-chiral-center-induced-helical-peptides
#2
Kuan Hu, Chengjie Sun, Zigang Li
Modification of the cross-linker of constrained peptides has recently received considerable attention. Here, we present a versatile approach to modifing the cross-linking tether of chiral-center-induced helical (CIH) peptides via the S-alkylation reaction. The alkylation process displayed high conversion efficiency, selectivity, and substrate tolerance. Notably, although on-tether S-alkylation could lead to a pair of peptide epimers, the major alkylated product retained the helical structure of its helical precursor peptide...
July 6, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637196/chronological-change-of-right-ventricle-by-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-in-mice
#3
Hyung-Ju Cho, Woon Heo, Jung Woo Han, Yong Hyuk Lee, Jin Myung Park, Min Jung Kang, Joo-Heon Yoon, Min Goo Lee, Chang-Hoon Kim, Joo Young Kim
Study Objective: No studies have investigated sequential changes in the heart on MRI, along with observation of functional lung phenotypes and genetics, over the duration of chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). We investigated chronological changes in heart and lung phenotypes after CIH using a mouse model to provide new insights into the pathophysiology of sleep apnea-induced cardiovascular disease. Methods: C57BL/6J adult male mice were randomized to 4 weeks or 8 weeks of CIH...
June 20, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633495/estradiol-protects-against-cardio-respiratory-dysfunctions-and-oxidative-stress-in-intermittent-hypoxia
#4
Sofien Laouafa, Alexandra Ribon-Demars, François Marcouiller, Damien Roussel, Aida Bairam, Vincent Pialoux, Vincent Joseph
Study Objectives: We tested the hypothesis that estradiol (E2) protects against cardio-respiratory disorders and oxidative stress induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) in adult female rats. Methods: Sprague-Dawley female rats (230-250g) were ovariectomized (OVX) and implanted with osmotic pumps delivering vehicle (Veh) or E2 (0.5 mg/kg/day). After 14 days of recovery, the rats were exposed to chronic CIH (21%-10% O2 - 8 hours/day - 10 cycles/hour) or room air (RA)...
June 19, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625126/enhanced-risk-for-specific-somatic-myeloproliferative-neoplastic-mutations-in-patients-with-stroke
#5
Chih-Cheng Chen, Chia-Chen Hsu, Cih-En Huang, Yi-Yang Chen, Jrhau Lung, Hsing-Ying Ho, Chian-Pei Li, Jiann-Der Lee
BACKGROUND: Somatic mutations of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2V617F), calreticulin (CALR), and myeloproliferative leukemia virus oncogene (MPL) are the major clonal molecules that drive the pathogenesis of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). It is well recognized that MPN patients carry an excessive risk of thrombohemorrhagic complications. However, little is known about the prevalence of these clonal markers in patients with cerebral vascular disease. METHODS: To address this issue, 153 consecutive stroke patients in Taiwan were enrolled in the study...
June 18, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623125/chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-induces-liver-fibrosis-in-mice-with-diet-induced-obesity-via-tlr4-myd88-mapk-nf-kb-signaling-pathways
#6
Hyeon Hui Kang, In Kyoung Kim, Hye In Lee, Hyonsoo Joo, Jeong Uk Lim, Jongmin Lee, Sang Haak Lee, Hwa Sik Moon
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and causes chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) during sleep. Inflammation is associated with the development of metabolic complications induced by CIH. Research suggests that innate immune mechanisms are involved in the pro-inflammatory pathways of liver fibrosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether innate immune responses induce liver fibrosis, and to evaluate mechanisms underlying hepatic inflammation related to CIH in a murine diet-induced obesity (DIO) model...
August 19, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585955/a-precisely-positioned-chiral-center-in-an-i-i-7-tether-modulates-the-helicity-of-the-backbone-peptide
#7
Kuan Hu, Chengjie Sun, Dan Yang, Yujie Wu, Chuan Shi, Longjian Chen, Tao Liao, Jialin Guo, Yinghuan Liu, Zigang Li
In some cases, helical peptides stabilized by an i, i + 7 tether exhibit better target binding and cellular functions compared to their i, i + 4 analogues. Herein, we carried out a systematic study of the effects of an in-tether chiral center on the i, i + 7 system. We screened the optimal cross linking mode, tether length, in-tether chiral center positions, and absolute configurations. From these studies, we determined that a chiral center of R absolute configuration at the γ-position to the C-terminal of a 10-membered tether could function to efficiently induce helicity of the backbone peptides...
June 6, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565844/protective-effects-of-choline-against-hypoxia-induced-injuries-of-vessels-and-endothelial-cells
#8
Lian-Cheng Zhang, Xin Jin, Zhao Huang, Zhen-Nan Yan, Pei-Bing Li, Rui-Feng Duan, Hong Feng, Jian-Hua Jiang, Hui Peng, Wei Liu
The current study aimed to lay a theoretical foundation for further development of choline as an anti-hypoxia damage drug. Wild-type, 3- to 5-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 180-220 g, were used in this study. The rats were randomly divided into a normoxic control group (n=16) and a chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) group (n=16). The effects of CIH on acetylcholine (ACh)-mediated endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in the rat cerebral basilar arterioles and mesenteric arterioles, as well as the protective effects of choline on the arterioles damaged by hypoxia were observed...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562351/the-bidirectional-association-between-oral-cancer-and-esophageal-cancer-a-population-based-study-in-taiwan-over-a-28-year-period
#9
Kuan-Der Lee, Ting-Yao Wang, Chang-Hsien Lu, Cih-En Huang, Min-Chi Chen
Previous studies have revealed that patients with oral or esophageal cancer are at higher risk for subsequently developing a second primary malignancy. However, it remains to be determined what association exists between oral cancer and esophageal cancer particularly in Asian countries where squamous cell carcinoma is the predominant type of esophageal cancer. A population-based study was carried out in Taiwan, where the incidence rates of both oral and esophageal squamous cell carcinomas are high, to test the hypothesis that oral cancer or esophageal cancer predisposes an individual to developing the other form of cancer...
July 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528846/the-multi-level-impact-of-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-on-central-auditory-processing
#10
Eddie Wong, Bin Yang, Lida Du, Wai Hong Ho, Condon Lau, Ya Ke, Ying Shing Chan, Wing Ho Yung, Ed X Wu
During hypoxia, the tissues do not obtain adequate oxygen. Chronic hypoxia can lead to many health problems. A relatively common cause of chronic hypoxia is sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a sleep breathing disorder that affects 3-7% of the population. During sleep, the patient's breathing starts and stops. This can lead to hypertension, attention deficits, and hearing disorders. In this study, we apply an established chronic intermittent hypoxemia (CIH) model of sleep apnea to study its impact on auditory processing...
May 19, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522758/regulation-of-erythropoiesis-after-normoxic-return-from-chronic-sustained-and-intermittent-hypoxia
#11
Jihyun Song, Krishna Sundar, Radhika Gangaraju, Josef T Prchal
Hypoxia increases erythropoiesis mediated by hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIF) which regulate erythropoietin (EPO) transcription. Neocytolysis is a physiological mechanism that corrects polycythemia from chronic sustained hypoxemia (CSH) by transient, preferential destruction of young RBCs after normoxia is restored. We showed that neocytolysis is caused by excessive mitochondrial-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) in reticulocytes mediated by down-regulation of HIF-controlled BNIP3L regulated mitophagy and a decrease in RBC antioxidant catalase (CAT) in hypoxia-produced erythrocytes...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507531/noradrenergic-activation-of-hypoglossal-nucleus-modulates-the-central-regulation-of-genioglossus-in-chronic-intermittent-hypoxic-rats
#12
Xinshi Nie, Ling Zhou, Aidi Wang, Hongyu Jin, Zheng Qin, Jian Pang, Wei Wang, Jian Kang
Neuromuscular compensation of the genioglossus muscle can be induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) in obstructive sleep apnea to maintain upper airway stability. Noradrenergic activation of hypoglossal nucleus plays a critical role in the central control of the genioglossus. However, it remains unknown whether norepinephrine takes part in the central regulation of the genioglossus during CIH. Adult male Wistar rats (n = 32) were studied to explore the influence of noradrenergic activation of hypoglossal nucleus on the central control of the genioglossus at different stages of CIH...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474128/-chronic-hypoxia-and-cardiovascular-risk-clinical-significance-of-different-forms-of-hypoxia
#13
REVIEW
U Koehler, O Hildebrandt, J Krönig, W Grimm, J Otto, W Hildebrandt, R Kinscherf
It is of fundamental importance to differentiate whether chronic hypoxia occurs intermittently or persistently. While chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is found typically in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OAS), chronic persistent hypoxia (CPH) is typically diagnosed in patients with chronic lung disease. Cardiovascular risk is markedly increased in patients with CIH compared to patients with CPH. The frequent change between oxygen desaturation and reoxygenation in patients with CIH is associated with increased hypoxic stress, increased systemic inflammation, and enhanced adrenergic activation followed by endothelial dysfunction and increased arteriosclerosis...
May 4, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473320/chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-induces-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-brain-regions-associated-with-early-stage-neurodegeneration
#14
Brina Snyder, Brent Shell, J Thomas Cunningham, Rebecca L Cunningham
Sleep apnea is a common comorbidity of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Previous studies have shown an association between elevated oxidative stress and inflammation with severe sleep apnea. Elevated oxidative stress and inflammation are also hallmarks of neurodegenerative diseases. We show increased oxidative stress and inflammation in a manner consistent with early stages of neurodegenerative disease in an animal model of mild sleep apnea. Male rats were exposed to 7 days chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) for 8 h/day during the light period...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459156/antioxidant-tempol-suppresses-heart-cytosolic-phospholipase-a2%C3%AE-stimulated-by-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia
#15
Petra Míčová, Martina Klevstig, Kristýna Holzerová, Marek Vecka, Jitka Žurmanová, Jan Neckář, František Kolář, Olga Nováková, Jiří Novotný, Markéta Hlaváčková
Adaptation to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is associated with reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation implicated in the improved cardiac tolerance against acute ischemia-reperfusion injury. Phospholipases A2 (PLA2s) play an important role in cardiomyocyte phospholipid metabolism influencing membrane homeostasis. Here we aimed to determine the effect of CIH (7000 m, 8 h/day, 5 weeks) on the expression of cytosolic PLA2 (cPLA2α), its phosphorylated form (p-cPLA2α), calcium-independent (iPLA2), and secretory (sPLA2IIA) at protein and mRNA levels, as well as fatty acids (FA) profile in left ventricular myocardium of adult male Wistar rats...
April 30, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456608/chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-worsens-bleomycin-induced-lung-fibrosis-in-rats
#16
Rudolf K Braun, Oleg Broytman, Felix M Braun, Jacqueline A Brinkman, Andrew Clithero, Dhruvangkumar Modi, David F Pegelow, Marlowe Eldridge, Mihaela Teodorescu
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been linked to increased mortality in pulmonary fibrosis. Its key feature, chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), can lead to oxidative stress and inflammation, known to lead to fibrotic pathology in other organs. We tested the effects of CIH in an animal model of bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. Sprague Dawley rats were instilled intratracheally with bleomycin (Blm) or saline (Sal), and exposed to CIH or normal air (Norm) for 9 or 30 days. Pulmonary function was tested and lungs were harvested for histological and molecular analyses...
April 27, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453332/long-term-intermittent-exposure-to-high-altitude-elevates-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-in-first-exposed-young-adults
#17
Nicole Lüneburg, Patricia Siques, Julio Brito, Juan José De La Cruz, Fabiola León-Velarde, Juliane Hannemann, Cristian Ibanez, Rainer H Böger
Lüneburg, Nicole, Patricia Siques, Julio Brito, Juan José De La Cruz, Fabiola León-Velarde, Juliane Hannemann, Cristian Ibanez, and Rainer Böger. Long-term intermittent exposure to high altitude elevates asymmetric dimethylarginine in first exposed young adults. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017.-Hypoxia-induced dysregulation of pulmonary and cerebral circulation may be related to an impaired nitric oxide (NO) pathway. We investigated the effect of chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (CIH) on metabolites of the NO pathway...
April 28, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451849/role-of-carotid-body-in-intermittent-hypoxia-related-hypertension
#18
REVIEW
Rodrigo Iturriaga, María Paz Oyarce, Ana Carolina Rodrigues Dias
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a common breathing disorder, is recognized as an independent risk factor for systemic hypertension. Among the alterations induced by OSA, the chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is considered the main factor for the hypertension. Exposure of rodents to CIH is the gold-standard method to study the mechanisms involved in the cardiovascular alterations induced by OSA. Although it is well known that CIH produces hypertension, the underlying mechanisms are not totally elucidated. It is likely that the CIH-induced systemic oxidative stress and inflammation may elicit endothelial dysfunction and increase the arterial blood pressure...
May 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438764/neurogenic-hypertension-and-the-secret-of-respiration
#19
Benedito H Machado, Daniel B Zoccal, Davi J A Moraes
In spite of recent advances on the knowledgement of the neural control of cardiovascular function, the cause of sympathetic overactivity in neurogenic hypertension remains unknown. Studies from our laboratory point out that rats submitted to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), an experimental model of neurogenic hypertension, present changes in the central respiratory network that impact the pattern of sympathetic discharge and the levels of arterial pressure. In addition to the fine coordination of respiratory muscle contraction and relaxation, essential for O2 and CO2 pulmonary exchanges, neurons of the respiratory network are precisely connected to the neurons controlling the sympathetic activity in the brainstem...
April 24, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437280/inhibition-of-rho-kinase-attenuates-left-ventricular-remodeling-caused-by-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-in-rats-via-suppressing-myocardial-inflammation-and-apoptosis
#20
Zhi-Hua Wang, Die Zhu, Sheng Xie, Yan Deng, Yueying Pan, Jie Ren, Hui-Guo Liu
Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), the hallmark of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), has been reported to play a key role in the development of OSAS-associated cardiovascular diseases including cardiac remodeling. RhoA/Rho-kinase (ROCK) pathway has also been implicated in myocardial remodeling, but the exact mechanisms are not fully elucidated. The current study's purpose is to investigate the influence of fasudil, a selective ROCK inhibitor, on CIH-induced left ventricular remodeling in rats and its possible mechanisms...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
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