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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773993/diabetic-cardiomyopathy-impact-of-biological-sex-on-disease-development-and-molecular-signatures
#1
REVIEW
Ryan Toedebusch, Anthony Belenchia, Lakshmi Pulakat
Diabetic cardiomyopathy refers to a unique set of heart-specific pathological variables induced by hyperglycemia and insulin resistance. Given that cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the world, and type 2 diabetes incidence continues to rise, understanding the complex interplay between these two morbidities and developing novel therapeutic strategies is vital. Two hallmark characteristics specific to diabetic cardiomyopathy are diastolic dysfunction and cardiac structural mal-adaptations, arising from cardiac cellular responses to the complex toxicity induced by hyperglycemia with or without hyperinsulinemia...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760663/suppression-of-urinary-voiding-by-conditional-high-frequency-stimulation-of-the-pelvic-nerve-in-conscious-rats
#2
Charly B J Brouillard, Jonathan J Crook, Pedro P Irazoqui, Thelma A Lovick
Female Wistar rats were instrumented to record bladder pressure and to stimulate the left pelvic nerve. Repeated voids were induced by continuous infusion of saline into the bladder (11.2 ml/h) via a T-piece in the line to the bladder catheter. In each animal tested ( n = 6) high frequency pelvic nerve stimulation (1-3 kHz, 1-2 mA sinusoidal waveform for 60 s) applied within 2 s of the onset of a sharp rise in bladder pressure signaling an imminent void was able to inhibit micturition. Voiding was modulated in three ways: (1) Suppression of voiding (four rats, n = 13 trials)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753346/clinical-outcome-assessments-use-of-normative-data-in-a-pediatric-rare-disease
#3
Dawn Phillips, Beth Leiro
Pediatric rare diseases present unique challenges in clinical trial design and in selection of clinical outcome assessments (COAs) used to support claims in medical product labeling. COAs that discriminate level of function relative to a normative sample are particularly important in the pediatric rare disease setting because the literature is often void of natural history data. Pediatric rare disease clinical trials will often include a wide age distribution. Gross and fine motor skills, communication, cognition, and independence in activities of daily living vary by age, and it may be difficult to distinguish between treatment effect and change due to developmental maturation...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747213/treatment-of-non-neurogenic-overactive-bladder-with-onabotulinumtoxina-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trials
#4
Raquel Martins Arruda, Claudia Cristina Takano, Manoel João Batista Castelo Girão, Jorge Milhem Haddad, Gabriel Francisco Aleixo, Rodrigo Aquino Castro
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials that studied non-neurogenic overactive bladder patients who were treated with 100 units of onabotulinumtoxinA or placebo. The primary purpose of our study was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness with regard to urinary urgency, urinary frequency, nocturia, and incontinence episodes. Our secondary purpose consisted of evaluating the adverse effects. Our initial search yielded 532 entries. Of these, seven studies met all the inclusion criteria (prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled studies, ≥ 3 points on the Jadad scale) and were selected for analysis...
April 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738746/histological-and-histomorphometric-response-to-socketkap%C3%A2-and-socketkage%C3%A2-used-for-ridge-preservation-and-repair-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Neema Bakhshalian, Alaa Abdelhamid, Yoon Jeong Park, Homayoun H Zadeh
PURPOSE: This study investigated the histologic tissue response to SocketKAP and SocketKAGE as novel devices designed for ridge preservation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial recruited participants from among patients who presented to a university dental clinic. The study protocol entailed randomization into 5 intervention groups after tooth extraction: unassisted healing of intact sockets (group A), SocketKAP (group B), anorganic bovine bone minerals (ABBM) plus SocketKAP (group C), unassisted healing of sockets with dehiscence (group D), and SocketKAGE plus ABBM plus SocketKAP (group E)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730838/thulium-vapoenucleation-of-the-prostate-versus-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate-for-the-treatment-of-large-volume-prostates-preliminary-6-month-safety-and-efficacy-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#6
B Becker, T R W Herrmann, A J Gross, C Netsch
PURPOSE: We compared the perioperative and postoperative characteristics of thulium vapoenucleation and holmium laser enucleation of the prostate for the treatment of large volume benign prostatic hyperplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 94 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and a median prostate size of 80 (IQR 46.75-100) cc were either randomized to thulium vapoenucleation or holmium laser enucleation of the prostate. Patients were assessed preoperatively, 1 and 6 months postoperatively...
May 5, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725806/randomized-clinical-trial-between-polyacrylate-polyalcohol-copolymer-ppc-and-dextranomer-hyaluronic-acid-copolymer-dx-ha-as-bulking-agents-for-endoscopic-treatment-of-primary-vesicoureteral-reflux-vur
#7
L García-Aparicio, E Blázquez-Gómez, O Martin, S Pérez-Bertólez, J Arboleda, A Soria, X Tarrado
OBJECTIVE: To compare the radiological and clinical outcomes of endoscopic treatment of primary VUR using polyacrylate-polyalcohol copolymer (PPC-Vantris® ) or dextranomer-hyaluronic acid copolymer (Dx/HA-Deflux® ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2014 to April 2017, patients with primary VUR grade III to V that needed endoscopic treatment (ET) were eligible for this randomized clinical trial. We excluded toilet-trained patients with lower urinary tract symptoms...
May 3, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724204/efficacy-and-safety-of-pde5-is-and-%C3%AE-1-blockers-for-treating-lower-ureteric-stones-or-luts-a-meta-analysis-of-rcts
#8
Xifeng Sun, Wei Guan, Haoran Liu, Kun Tang, Libin Yan, Yangjun Zhang, Jin Zeng, Zhiqiang Chen, Hua Xu, Zhangqun Ye
BACKGROUND: Lower ureteric stones and lower urinary tract symptoms are common in urology.Drug treatment is one of standard therapy,but the efficacy was controversial.Thus we aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of monotherapy or combination therapy of adrenoceptor1 blockers and phosphodiesterase5 inhibitors for treatment. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials up to November 2016 were retrieved from PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Embase...
May 3, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705283/what-s-new-in-tind
#9
REVIEW
Julian Marcon, Giuseppe Magistro, Christian G Stief, Tobias Grimm
CONTEXT: There is growing interest in minimally invasive (MI) treatment options for male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Among these options, the temporary implantable nitinol device (TIND; Medi-Tate, Or Akiva, Israel) is a novel instrument used to alleviate symptoms by creating incisions in the prostate via mechanical stress. OBJECTIVE: To review recent data for TIND as an MI procedure to improve LUTS. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Medline, PubMed, the Cochrane Database, and Embase were screened for clinical trials, randomized controlled trials, and review articles on the use of TIND in patients with male LUTS...
April 26, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694707/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-hexanic-extract-of-serenoa-repens-permixon-%C3%A2-for-the-treatment-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-associated-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-luts-bph-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-and-observational
#10
Remigio Vela-Navarrete, Antonio Alcaraz, Alfredo Rodríguez-Antolín, Bernardino Miñana López, Jesús M Fernández-Gómez, Javier C Angulo, David Castro Díaz, Javier Romero-Otero, Francisco J Brenes, Joaquín Carballido, José M Molero García, Antonio Fernández-Pro Ledesma, José Manuel Cózar Olmos, José Manasanch Dalmau, Isaac Subirana Cachinero, Michael Herdman, Vincenzo Ficarra
OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively evaluate the efficacy and safety of the hexanic extract of Serenoa repens (HESr, Permixon), at a dose of 320 mg daily, as monotherapy for the treatment of LUTS/BPH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and observational studies in patients with LUTS/BPH identified through searches in Medline, Web of Knowledge [ISI], Scopus, the Cochrane Library, and bibliographic references up to March 2017. Articles studying S...
April 25, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651695/factors-influencing-efficacy-endpoints-in-clinical-trials-for-new-oral-medicinal-treatments-for-overactive-bladder-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Shingo Iino, Masayuki Kaneko, Mamoru Narukawa
PURPOSE: Overactive bladder (OAB) is a symptom-based disease; therefore, clinical trials to evaluate treatments for OAB employ a range of efficacy endpoints. Since factors that influence efficacy endpoints can affect trial outcomes, their identification could aid in the design of future OAB clinical trials. We investigated factors influencing different efficacy endpoints used in clinical trials with OAB patients and examined their characteristics to determine future clinical trial strategies for new medicinal treatments for OAB...
April 12, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623108/electrical-neuromodulation-in-the-management-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-evidence-experience-and-future-prospects
#12
REVIEW
Alejandro Abello, Anurag K Das
Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) is common and causes a spectrum of morbidity and decreased quality of life (QoL) for patients. LUTD can range from urinary retention to urge incontinence, and includes a variety of syndromes, with the most common and widely recognized being overactive bladder (OAB). The classic treatments of LUTD and OAB comprise different strategies including behavioral therapies, medications and minimally invasive or invasive surgical procedures. Generally, once patients have tried behavioral modifications and oral medical therapy, and have not experienced adequate relief of their symptoms, the next step is to consider minimally invasive therapies...
May 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609420/efficacy-of-an-alpha-blocker-for-the-treatment-of-nonneurogenic-voiding-dysfunction-in-women-an-8-week-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#13
Young-Suk Lee, Kyu-Sung Lee, Myung-Soo Choo, Joon Chul Kim, Jeong Gu Lee, Ju Tae Seo, Jeong Zoo Lee, Ji Youl Lee, Seung-June Oh, Yong Gil Na
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of an alpha-1 adrenergic receptor (α1-AR) blocker for the treatment of female voiding dysfunction (FVD) through a pressure-flow study. METHODS: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Women aged ≥18 years with voiding symptoms, as defined by an American Urological Association symptom score (AUA-SS) ≥15 and a maximum flow rate (Qmax) <15 mL/sec with a voided volume of >100 mL and/or a postvoid residual (PVR) volume >150 mL, were randomly allocated to either the alfuzosin or placebo group...
March 2018: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607843/a-comparative-in-vivo-efficacy-of-three-spiral-techniques-versus-incremental-technique-in-obturating-primary-teeth
#14
Shalini Chandrasekhar, Madu Ghanashyam Prasad, Ambati Naga Radhakrishna, Kaniti Saujanya, N V K Raviteja, B Deepthi, J Ramakrishna
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of four different obturating techniques in filling the radicular space in primary teeth. Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was carried out on 34 healthy, cooperative children (5-9 years) who had 63 carious primary teeth indicated for pulpectomy. They were divided into four groups, such that in each group, a total of 40 canals were allotted for obturation with respective technique. The root canals of selected primary teeth were filled with Endoflas obturating material using either bi-directional spiral (Group 1); incremental technique (Group 2), past inject (Group 3) or lentulo spiral (Group 4) according to the groups assigned...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605709/intra-peri-and-postoperative-complications-in-pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery-in-geriatric-women
#15
Marc Körnig, Esther Brühlmann, Andreas Günthert, Corina Christmann
OBJECTIVE: Pelvic organ prolapse is a common problem among geriatric women. Advanced age is associated with a high prevalence of comorbidities that can lead to restrictive use of surgical treatment. With rising life expectancy it is predicted that surgical treatment in these women will be seen more frequently. Inconsistently there is a lack of clinical trials giving attention to elderly women suffering from pelvic organ prolapse. The aim of this study was to quantify the rate of complications in elderly women undergoing surgery for pelvic organ prolapse...
May 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600401/early-catheter-removal-after-pelvic-floor-reconstructive-surgery-a-randomized-trial
#16
Charelle M Carter-Brooks, Halina M Zyczynski, Pamela A Moalli, Peter G Brodeur, Jonathan P Shepherd
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Studies have yet to examine the impact of day-of-surgery voiding trials on post-operative urinary retention in women undergoing obliterative and apical suspension procedures for pelvic organ prolapse. Our objective was to evaluate if time to spontaneous void after these procedures is shorter when a voiding trial is performed on the day of surgery compared with our standard practice of post-operative day 1. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, parallel-arm trial in patients undergoing major pelvic floor reconstructive surgery...
March 29, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572921/postoperative-urinary-retention-after-pelvic-organ-prolapse-repair-vaginal-versus-robotic-transabdominal-approach
#17
Junchan J Yune, Julie W Cheng, Hillary Wagner, Joo Kim, Jeffrey S Hardesty, Sam Siddighi
AIMS: Postoperative urinary retention has been reported in 13-32% of patients that undergo pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair. The purpose of our study was to compare rates of urinary retention between transvaginal and robotic transabdominal approaches and identify risk factors for postoperative urinary retention following POP repair. METHODS: Medical records of patients that underwent POP repair were reviewed. Surgeries included transvaginal high uterosacral ligament suspension (HUSLS) and robotic-assisted sacral colpopexy (RASCP)...
March 23, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556674/recalcitrant-chronic-bladder-pain-and-recurrent-cystitis-but-negative-urinalysis-what-should-we-do
#18
Sheela Swamy, William Barcella, Maria De Iorio, Kiren Gill, Rajvinder Khasriya, Anthony S Kupelian, Jennifer L Rohn, James Malone-Lee
PURPOSE: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) may be associated with chronic urinary tract infection (UTI) undetected by routine diagnostic tests. Antimicrobial therapy might confer benefit for these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over 10 years, we treated patients with chronic LUTS. Pyuria was adopted as the principal biomarker of infection. Urinary leucocyte counts were recorded from microscopy of fresh midstream urine (MSU) samples. Antibiotics were prescribed and the prescription adjusted to achieve a measurable clinical response and a reduction in pyuria...
March 20, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551557/surgical-management-of-anatomic-bladder-outlet-obstruction-in-males-with-neurogenic-bladder-dysfunction-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Toscane C Noordhoff, Jan Groen, Jeroen R Scheepe, Bertil F M Blok
CONTEXT: Surgical treatment of anatomic bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) may be indicated in males with neurogenic bladder dysfunction. A bothersome complication after surgery is urinary incontinence. OBJECTIVE: To identify the optimal practice in the surgical treatment of anatomic BOO in males with neurogenic bladder dysfunction, due to multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, spinal cord injury (SCI), spina bifida, or cerebrovascular accident (CVA). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement...
March 15, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541862/do-independent-geriatric-outpatients-with-nocturnal-polyuria-profit-from-desmopressin
#20
W Weinrebe, S Käbe-Frisch, I Füsgen, M Karaman, E Johannsdottir, S Rupp
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of desmopressin and placebo in independent geriatric outpatients with nocturnal polyuria (NP). METHODS: A prospective, randomized, single-center, national, double blind, placebo-controlled, fixed-dose, parallel group comparative trial was carried out. The study included 110 geriatric outpatients, 55 patients per treatment group using desmopressin acetate nasal spray (strength: 0.1 mg/ml) once daily of 10 μg/spray blast or placebo...
March 14, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
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