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Family planning methods

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916206/how-many-oocytes-are-optimal-to%C3%A2-achieve-multiple-live-births-with%C3%A2-one-stimulation-cycle-the%C3%A2-one%C3%A2-and-done-approach
#1
Denis A Vaughan, Angela Leung, Nina Resetkova, Robin Ruthazer, Alan S Penzias, Denny Sakkas, Michael M Alper
OBJECTIVE: To study how many infertility patients would complete an average-sized family (achieve ≥2 live births) after a single, complete in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University-affiliated private infertility practice. PATIENT(S): Women undergoing IVF. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The outcome of 1 or ≥2 live births after a single retrieval cycle, followed by use of all embryos in subsequent frozen cycles in relation to oocyte number...
December 1, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911489/palliative-care-interventions-in-advanced-dementia
#2
REVIEW
Edel Murphy, Katherine Froggatt, Sheelah Connolly, Eamon O'Shea, Elizabeth L Sampson, Dympna Casey, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic, progressive and ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disease. Advanced dementia is characterised by profound cognitive impairment, inability to communicate verbally and complete functional dependence. Usual care of people with advanced dementia is not underpinned universally by a palliative approach. Palliative care has focused traditionally on care of people with cancer but for more than a decade, there have been increased calls worldwide to extend palliative care services to include all people with life-limiting illnesses in need of specialist care, including people with dementia...
December 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907138/barriers-to-modern-contraceptive-use-in-kinshasa-drc
#3
Mbadu Muanda, Parfait Gahungu Ndongo, Leah D Taub, Jane T Bertrand
Recent research from Kinshasa, DRC, has shown that only one in five married women uses modern contraception; over one quarter have an unmet need for family planning; and almost 400 health facilities across Kinshasa report that they provide modern contraception. This study addresses the question: with reasonable physical access and relatively high unmet need, why is modern contraceptive prevalence so low? To this end, the research team conducted 6 focus groups of women (non-users of any method, users of traditional methods, and users of modern methods) and 4 of husbands (of users of traditional methods and in non-user unions) in health zones with relatively strong physical access to FP services...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906716/infants-with-technology-dependence-facilitating-the-road-to-home
#4
Jennifer D Bowles, Amy J Jnah, Desi M Newberry, Carol A Hubbard, Tracey Roberston
BACKGROUND: The incidence of premature infants with complex medical needs, dependent upon medical technology at discharge, is on the rise in the United States. PURPOSE: Preparing the family for the hospital-to-home transition can be challenging due to the complex medical and emotional needs of the vulnerable infant and the volume of subspecialty services and equipment required. METHODS/SEARCH STRATEGY: Relevant articles from PubMed, Google Scholar, CINAHLFINDINGS/RESULTS:: There is an increasing incidence of technology dependent infants discharged from neonatal intensive care units in the United States...
December 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899112/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-associated-physical-injuries-between-cohabitating-and-married-women-a-5-year-medical-chart-review
#5
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Edmond Pui Hang Choi, John Kit-Shing Wong, Fung Ling So, Chu-Leung Lau, Chak-Wah Kam
BACKGROUND: Cohabitation, referring to a co-residential romantic relationship between two intimate partners without a marriage license, has become widely accepted in contemporary societies. It has been found that cohabitating women have a higher risk of experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) than married women. However, as yet, no studies have investigated the level and pattern of IPV-associated physical injuries and its mental health impact on cohabitating women. Therefore, we aim to compare IPV-associated physical injuries between cohabitating and married women by conducting a review of 5-year medical records from the emergency departments of two major public hospitals in Hong Kong...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892800/what-do-married-couples-think-about-induced-abortion
#6
Sevgül Dönmez, Sezer Kısa
This study was done to determine the opinions of married couples on induced abortion and the individual or social factors affecting the decision as a descriptive with a convenience sampling of 676 married couples. In this study, 68.9% of women had a history of induced abortion. Half of the women and men were not using any method of family planning, 40.8% of women and 52.4% of men stated that curettage should never be done, 78.4% of women and 85.2% of men perceived induced abortion as a sin, 83.7% of women and 87...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890393/primary-care-managers-perceptions-of-their-capability-in-providing-care-planning-to-patients-with-complex-needs
#7
Lena Gunvor Larsson, Siv Bäck-Pettersson, Sven Kylén, Bertil Marklund, Eric Carlström
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate primary care managers' perceptions of their capability in providing care planning to patients with complex needs. Care planning is defined as a process where the patient, family and health professionals engage in dialogue about the patient's care needs and plan care interventions together. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 18 primary care managers in western Sweden were conducted using Westrin's theoretical cooperation model...
November 19, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885327/surgical-removal-of-an-extrauterine-device-migrating-to-appendix
#8
Gulsum Uysal, Hakan Nazik, Nefise Tanridan Okçu, Sevtap Seyfettinoglu, Halil Kazgan
Intrauterine devices (IUDs) remain highly effective reversible family planning methods in developing countries. We aimed to report one of the complications of extrauterine and intrauterine devices. A 44-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with mislocated intrauterine device and abnormal uterine bleeding. Extrauterine IUD device was proven by ultrasound and X-ray. She had normal blood test count with a negative pregnancy test. There are several cases of complications with intrauterine devices, but this is the first case report about an extrauterine IUD embedded by inflame enlarged appendix presenting with abnormal uterine bleeding...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871299/implementation-and-acceptability-of-strategies-instituted-for-engaging-men-in-family-planning-services-in-kibaha-district-tanzania
#9
Judith Msovela, Anna Tengia-Kessy
BACKGROUND: Men as the main decision makers in most of African families have an important role to play towards acceptance of family planning methods. This study sought to identify strategies used to engage men in family planning services and determine the extent to which men in Kibaha district in Tanzania accept these interventions. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study using both quantitative and qualitative techniques. We used a questionnaire to interview a random sample of 365 of currently married or cohabiting men who had at least one child under the age of five years...
November 21, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861487/lifetime-abortion-of-female-sex-workers-in-iran-findings-of-a-national-bio-behavioural-survey-in-2010
#10
Mohammad Karamouzian, Ali Mirzazadeh, Mostafa Shokoohi, Razieh Khajehkazemi, Abbas Sedaghat, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Hamid Sharifi
INTRODUCTION: Unintended pregnancies and abortion may be considered as occupational hazards for female sex workers (FSWs). As our understanding of contraceptive and abortion practices of Iranian FSWs is very limited, this study tries to assess the dynamics of contraception and abortion among this sub-population. METHODS: This survey was conducted in 2010, by recruiting 872 FSWs through facility-based sampling from 21 sites in 14 cities in Iran. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using a pilot-tested standardized risk assessment questionnaire...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860051/the-professional-psychiatric-mental-health-nurse-skills-competencies-and-supports-required-to-adopt-recovery-orientated-policy-in-practice
#11
E Cusack, F Killoury, L E Nugent
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Nationally and internationally there has been a movement away from the traditional medical model towards a more holistic recovery-oriented approach to mental health care delivery. At every level of service provision the emphasis is firmly on recovery and on facilitating active partnership working and involvement of service users, their carers and family members. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This is the first study to identify on a national level specific areas of care that are addressed most or least by psychiatric and mental health nurses in care planning for mental health service users in Ireland...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844461/antecedents-of-suicide-among-youth-aged-11-15-a-multistate-mixed-methods-analysis
#12
Kristin M Holland, Alana M Vivolo-Kantor, Joseph E Logan, Ruth W Leemis
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for youth aged 11 to 15, taking over 5,500 lives from 2003 to 2014. Suicide among this age group is linked to risk factors such as mental health problems, family history of suicidal behavior, biological factors, family problems, and peer victimization and bullying. However, few studies have examined the frequency with which such problems occur among youth suicide decedents or the context in which decedents experience these risk factors and the complex interplay of risk that results in a decedent's decision to take his/her own life...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836377/-prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-excluding-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-guidelines-for-clinical-practice%C3%A2-%C3%A2-text-of-the-guidelines-short-text
#13
L Sentilhes, M-V Sénat, P-Y Ancel, E Azria, G Benoist, J Blanc, G Brabant, F Bretelle, S Brun, M Doret, C Ducroux-Schouwey, A Evrard, G Kayem, E Maisonneuve, L Marcellin, S Marret, N Mottet, S Paysant, D Riethmuller, P Rozenberg, T Schmitz, H Torchin, B Langer
OBJECTIVES: To determine the measures to prevent spontaneous preterm birth (excluding preterm premature rupture of membranes)and its consequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: In France, premature birth concerns 60,000 neonates every year (7.4 %), half of them are delivered after spontaneous onset of labor...
November 8, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836078/men-s-behavior-surrounding-use-of-contraceptives-in-guinea
#14
Mamadou Diouldé Baldé, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Rachidatou Compaoré, Abdoul Karim Bah, Moazzam Ali, Rita Kabra, Seni Kouanda
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the sociocultural determinants that influence the attitude and practices of men toward contraceptive use in Guinea. METHODS: A sequential, mixed methods, qualitative and quantitative study was carried out in two regions of Guinea with a low rate of contraceptive prevalence, and in the capital city of Conakry. A total of 1170 people (men and women) were interviewed. RESULTS: Findings showed a positive perception of family planning overall, but reluctance to use modern contraception...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833183/couple-beads-an-integrated-method-of-natural-family-planning
#15
George Mulcaire-Jones, Richard J Fehring, Megan Bradshaw, Karen Brower, Gonzaga Lubega, Paskazia Lubega
Various fertility indicators are used by natural family planning methods to identify the fertile and infertile phases of a woman's menstrual cycle: mucus observations, cycle-day probabilities, basal body temperature readings, and hormonal measures of LH and estrogen. Simplified NFP methods generally make use of a single fertility indicator such as cycle-day probabilities (Standard Days Method) or mucus observations (Billings Ovulation Method). The Couple Bead Method integrates the two simplest fertility indicators, cycle-day probabilities and mucus observations, expanding its applicability to all women, regardless of cycle regularity and length...
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828722/genetics-of-combined-pituitary-hormone-deficiency-roadmap-into-the-genome-era
#16
Qing Fang, Akima S George, Michelle L Brinkmeier, Amanda H Mortensen, Peter Gergics, Leonard Y M Cheung, Alexandre Z Daly, Adnan Ajmal, María Ines Pérez Millán, A Bilge Ozel, Jacob O Kitzman, Ryan E Mills, Jun Z Li, Sally A Camper
The genetic basis for combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) is complex, involving 30 genes in a variety of syndromic and nonsyndromic presentations. Molecular diagnosis of this disorder is valuable for predicting disease progression, avoiding unnecessary surgery, and family planning. We expect that the application of high throughput sequencing will uncover additional contributing genes and eventually become a valuable tool for molecular diagnosis. For example, in the last three years, six new genes have been implicated in CPHD using whole exome sequencing (WES)...
November 9, 2016: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821190/information-about-methods-received-by-contraceptive-users-in-india
#17
Anrudh K Jain
Very little is known, at national and state levels, about how much information women in India are receiving about the method of contraception they are using. The purpose of this study was to fill this gap in knowledge. A Method Information Index (MII) was calculated from the responses of women who started using a modern contraceptive method five years prior to interview, and who were still using it at the time of interview, in the third National Family Health Survey conducted in India in 2005-06. The women were asked whether at the time they initiated contraceptive use they were told about other methods they could use, the side-effects of their selected method and what to do if they experienced these side-effects...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820879/heparin-for-the-treatment-of-thrombosis-in-neonates
#18
REVIEW
Olga Romantsik, Matteo Bruschettini, Simona Zappettini, Luca Antonio Ramenghi, Maria Grazia Calevo
BACKGROUND: Among pediatric patients, newborns are at highest risk of developing thromboembolism. Neonatal thromboembolic (TE) events may consist of both venous and arterial thromboses and often iatrogenic complications (eg, central catheterization). Treatment guidelines for pediatric patients with TE events most often are extrapolated from the literature regarding adults. Options for the management of neonatal TE events include expectant management; nitroglycerin ointment; thrombolytic therapy or anticoagulant therapy, or a combination of the two; and surgery...
November 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818961/the-effect-of-paternal-addiction-on-adolescent-suicide-attempts-a-qualitative-study
#19
Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan, Farkhondeh Sharif, Zahra Molazem, Arash Mani
BACKGROUND: Research shows that parents have an immense influence over their children's behavior during adolescence. Adolescents who grow up with parents who are addicted to drugs and alcohol are more likely to turn to self-destructive behaviors such as suicide attempts. Because addiction in Iran is a primarily masculine phenomenon and in traditional Iranian culture, the father is responsible for family affairs and is recognized as the family provider, paternal addiction affects adolescent children...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817793/experience-of-domestic-violence-routine-screening-in-family-planning-nsw-clinics
#20
Tara Hunter, Jessica R Botfield, Jane Estoesta, Pippa Markham, Sarah Robertson, Kevin McGeechan
Background: This study reviewed implementation of the Domestic Violence Routine Screening (DVRS) program at Family Planning NSW and outcomes of screening to determine the feasibility of routine screening in a family planning setting and the suitability of this program in the context of women's reproductive and sexual health. Methods: A retrospective review of medical records was undertaken of eligible women attending Family Planning NSW clinics between 1 January and 31 December 2015. Modified Poisson regression was used to estimate prevalence ratios and assess association between binary outcomes and client characteristics...
November 7, 2016: Sexual Health
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