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Family planning methods

Milena Bastos Brito, Juliana Socorro Casqueiro, Fernanda Scoppetta Sampaio Alves, Jade Braga Lopes, Renata Dantas Monteiro Santana Alves, Mittermayer Santiago
This was a cross-sectional study of women of reproductive age with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) being treated at Bahiana School Rheumatology Service in Brazil. The study aimed to assess the prevalence of contraceptive counselling and use. An interview was performed, and the results were analysed before and after the SLE diagnosis. Eighty-five women were included; the mean age of the group was 32.98 ± 8.39 years. Before SLE diagnosis, most of the patients had used some contraceptive method; mainly oral contraceptives (54%) or hormone injections (21%)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Victoria Shelus, Nicki Ashcroft, Sarah Burgess, Monica Giuffrida, Victoria Jennings
CONTEXT: Given the proportion of Kenyan women not using hormonal contraceptives, the country appears to have a substantial need for a modern, natural family planning option. The CycleBeads® mobile phone application (app), a digital platform for the Standard Days Method® of family planning, could help address this issue. METHODS: After the CycleBeads app was promoted in Kenya in May-June 2015, a three-month pilot study was conducted to collect quantitative and qualitative data from 185 female app users...
September 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Julie H Hernandez, Mbadu Muanda, Mélissa Garcia, Grace Matawa
CONTEXT: Despite the commitment of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to expand the family planning method mix and increase access to services, awareness of emergency contraception is low among women, and the method remains underused and poorly integrated in family planning programming. METHODS: Data from 15 focus group discussions conducted in 2016 among women aged 15-35 were used to examine awareness and perceptions of, and attitudes toward, emergency contraceptives...
September 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Majed Hababeh, Wafaa Zeidan, Mariam Abdel El-Kader, Anwar Al Thaher, Nimer Kassim, Elias Habash, Hasan Arab, Ali Khader, Akihiro Seita
BACKGROUND: UNRWA introduced family planning services in 1994 as an integral part of its expanded maternal and child health-care programme. The main objective of UNRWA's family planning programme is to promote the health of mothers, children, and their families. The aim of this follow-up study was to assess contraceptive practices in the target population 5 years after the 2010 follow-up study and to identify future programme needs. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was a done by trained nurses from June 1 to Dec 31, 2015...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Carla T Murray, Matthew Schmit
Introduction: We estimate the effect on health care spending of an option to change TRICARE. Under the option, which is based on a proposal made by the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission (MCRMC), most beneficiaries could choose from a range of commercial health networks instead of the current TRICARE plans. Military treatment facilities would become network providers under the commercial plans. Materials and Methods: We used data from the Department of Defense (DoD) to estimate the cost of providing the current health care benefit to working-age retirees and their dependents and survivors, and active duty family members...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Rebecca G Simmons, Dominick C Shattuck, Victoria H Jennings
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/resprot.6886.].
March 16, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Sarah Donnelly, Emer Begley, Marita O'Brien
In recent years, there have been national and international policy advances around capacity and decision-making and an apparent burgeoning rights-based approach to the issue, all of which have the potential to impact on the experience for people with dementia in Ireland. There is little evidence however on whether these policies and principles are being translated into practice and whether traditional paternalistic approaches to decision-making are being challenged. To gain insight into current practice, research was undertaken with social workers working with older people in Ireland; reporting on the involvement of people living with dementia in care-planning processes...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Peter A Nigrovic, Timothy Beukelman, George Tomlinson, Brian M Feldman, Laura E Schanberg, Yukiko Kimura
BACKGROUND: Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare febrile arthritis of childhood characterized by a potentially severe course, including prolonged glucocorticoid exposure, growth failure, destructive arthritis, and life-threatening macrophage activation syndrome. Early cytokine-blocking biologic therapy may improve long-term outcomes, although some systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients respond well to non-biologic treatment, leaving optimal management undefined. Consequently, treatment of new-onset systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis by expert clinicians varies widely...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
Tin Aung, May Me Thet, May Sudhinaraset, Nadia Diamond-Smith
Myanmar has experienced slowly rising levels of contraceptive use in recent years. Between 2014 and 2016, Population Services International (PSI)/Myanmar implemented a multi-pronged intervention to increase contraceptive use by leveraging its social marketing clinics and providers, and providing additional community outreach. The aim of this study is to explore trends over time in contraceptive uptake and assess whether exposure to the PSI program was associated with women adopting a method. Baseline and end line data were collected using a repeated cross-sectional survey of married women of reproductive age in 2014 and 2016...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health
V V Starunov, O V Zaitseva
The first comparative study of the polychaete pygidial region has been performed using confocal scanning microscopy and immunohistochemical methods. Fundamentally new data has been obtained on the pygidial organization in representatives the Nephtyidae and Syllidae families. Despite differences in the overall morphology of pygidium, it is characterized by a certain structural plan as a whole that can be the basis for that of all polychaetes. Some insignificant differences in the pygidial structure can be either species-specific or consequences of mutations and seem to have no fundamental importance for the general organization...
January 2018: Doklady Biological Sciences: Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological Sciences Sections
Alemayehu Gonie, Alemayehu Wudneh, Dejene Nigatu, Zelalem Dendir
BACKGROUND: Family planning is the ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. Providing family planning could prevent maternal deaths by allowing women to delay motherhood, space births, avoid unintended pregnancies and abortions, and stop childbearing when they reach their desired family size. Despite the fact that family planning is advantageous for maternal and newborn health and the services and commodities are free of charge, the reason of not using modern family planning methods is unclear in Bale Eco-Region...
March 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Barbara Kimbell, Scott A Murray, Heidi Byrne, Andrea Baird, Peter C Hayes, Alastair MacGilchrist, Anne Finucane, Patricia Brookes Young, Ronan E O'Carroll, Christopher J Weir, Marilyn Kendall, Kirsty Boyd
BACKGROUND: Liver disease is an increasing cause of death worldwide but palliative care is largely absent for these patients. AIM: We conducted a feasibility trial of a complex intervention delivered by a supportive care liver nurse specialist to improve care coordination, anticipatory care planning and quality of life for people with advanced liver disease and their carers. DESIGN: Patients received a 6-month intervention (alongside usual care) from a specially trained liver nurse specialist...
March 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
Craig J Heck, Stephanie A Grilo, Xiaoyu Song, Tom Lutalo, Neema Nakyanjo, John S Santelli
OBJECTIVE(S): Covert contraceptive use (CCU) is the use of family planning without a partner's knowledge. This study sought to examine CCU prevalence among women living in Rakai, Uganda, predictors of CCU, and why women resort to CCU. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from women (15-49years) currently using contraceptives (oral contraceptives, Depo Provera, implants, intrauterine devices, and periodic abstinence) during Round 15 (2011-2013) of the Rakai Community Cohort Survey (n=2206)...
March 4, 2018: Contraception
Fernanda Ewerling, Cesar G Victora, Anita Raj, Carolina V N Coll, Franciele Hellwig, Aluisio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: Family planning is key for reducing unintended pregnancies and their health consequences and is also associated with improvements in economic outcomes. Our objective was to identify groups of sexually active women with extremely low demand for family planning satisfied with modern methods (mDFPS) in low- and middle-income countries, at national and subnational levels to inform the improvement and expansion of programmatic efforts to narrow the gaps in mDFPS coverage. METHODS: Analyses were based on Demographic and Health Survey and Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey data...
March 6, 2018: Reproductive Health
Katrina Kimport, Rebecca Kriz, Sarah C M Roberts
OBJECTIVES: Investigations into Crisis Pregnancy Centers (CPCs) have documented the provision of deceptive information about abortion, but it is unclear how many pregnant women actually visit CPCs and what impact visits have on their pregnancy decision-making. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a mixed methods study. We surveyed patients at one of two local abortion clinics and three prenatal clinics in Southern Louisiana about whether they had visited a CPC for this pregnancy and conducted in-depth interviews with prenatal patients who reported a CPC visit about their experience...
March 2, 2018: Contraception
X Wang, Y H Xu, Z Y Du, Y J Qian, Z H Xu, R Chen, M H Shi
Objective: This study aims to analyze the relationship among the clinical features, radiologic characteristics and pathological diagnosis in patients with solitary pulmonary nodules, and establish a prediction model for the probability of malignancy. Methods: Clinical data of 372 patients with solitary pulmonary nodules who underwent surgical resection with definite postoperative pathological diagnosis were retrospectively analyzed. In these cases, we collected clinical and radiologic features including gender, age, smoking history, history of tumor, family history of cancer, the location of lesion, ground-glass opacity, maximum diameter, calcification, vessel convergence sign, vacuole sign, pleural indentation, speculation and lobulation...
February 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Hind I Fallatah, Yoon Soo Park, Jamila Farsi, Ara Tekian
Theory: Academic mentoring is an effective method of enhancing undergraduate medical student academic performance, research productivity, career planning, and overall satisfaction. Hypotheses: This study investigates the relationship between mentor characteristics and mentee academic performance, with an emphasis on identifying students who need special support. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among fourth-year medical students at King Abdulaziz University Faculty of Medicine undertaking the clinical skills module (CSM) rotation...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
Naruna Pereira Rocha, Mariana De Santis Filgueiras, Fernanda Martins de Albuquerque, Luana Cupertino Milagres, Ana Paula Pereira Castro, Mariane Alves Silva, Glauce Dias da Costa, Silvia Eloiza Priore, Juliana Farias de Novaes
OBJECTIVE To analyze the implementation of the Brazilian National School Feeding Program as a food and nutritional security policy in public schools. METHODS This a cross-sectional study, with a quantitative and qualitative approach, carried out with 268 schoolchildren aged eight to nine years from the public school system of Viçosa, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, in 2015. Interviews were carried out using semi-structured questionnaires with the children, parents, cooks, nutritionists, trainer of the Technical Assistance and Rural Extension Company, and president of the School Feeding Council...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
Mary Lee Barron, Kaitlin Vanderkolk, Kathleen Raviele
PURPOSE: To investigate if generic Wondfo ovulation sticks (WLH) are sufficiently sensitive to the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge in urine when used with the Marquette Fertility Algorithm. The electronic hormonal fertility monitor (EHFM) is highly accurate in detecting the LH surge but cost of the monitor and the accompanying test sticks has increased over the last several years. The EHFM is sensitive to detect the LH surge at milli-international units per milliliter (mIU/mL); the WLH sticks are slightly less sensitive at 25 mIU/mL...
February 27, 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Clara R Burgert-Brucker, Trinadh Dontamsetti, Peter W Gething
Spatially interpolated map surface datasets for key development indicators are being produced and publicly shared using population-based surveys from the USAID-funded Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) Program. Each modeled surface is produced with standardized geostatistical modeling methods. For each indicator, a package is available that includes spatial raster grids of 5 × 5 km pixels for the point estimate surface and an uncertainty surface, along with validation statistics and other model diagnostic data...
February 27, 2018: Studies in Family Planning
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