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Family planning methods

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222240/a-computerized-family-planning-counseling-aid-a%C3%A2-pilot%C3%A2-study-evaluation-of-smart-choices
#1
Helen P Koo, Ellen K Wilson, Alexandra M Minnis
CONTEXT: Resource constraints may make it challenging for family planning clinics to provide comprehensive contraceptive counseling; technological tools that help providers follow recommended practices without straining resources merit evaluation. METHODS: A pilot study using a two-group, posttest-only experimental design evaluated Smart Choices, a computer-based tool designed to help providers offer more patient-centered counseling and enable patients to participate proactively in the counseling session...
February 21, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218162/factors-associated-with-survival-and-lost-to-follow-up-of-cervical-cancer-patients-in-a-tertiary-cancer-centre-in-rural-kerala
#2
T Bindu, Saina Sunil Kumar, K Ratheesan, Satheesan Balasubramanian
Cancer cervix is the second common cause of cancer death in India. It is the most curable form of any human cancer if detected at the precancerous stage. Although several factors determine the survival of the disease, the clinical stage at presentation is the single most important predictor of long-term survival. The present study aimed to describe the performance and follow-up status and 5-year survival experience of the cervical cancer patients registered between 2010 and 2011 by the hospital registry of Malabar Cancer Centre, Kerala, and factors affecting lost to follow-up and survival among them...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211552/incidence-of-postpartum-depression-and-couple-relationship-quality
#3
Aleksandra Małus, Justyna Szyluk, Beata Galińska-Skok, Beata Konarzewska
OBJECTIVES: The childbirth constitutes a significant event in a woman's life and in the marital/ couple dyad. The changes which follow childbirth require re-organization of previous coping styles and development of new methods of adaptation, which proves difficult. The current study evaluated to what extent the development of postpartum depression symptoms in new mothers was associated with their level of satisfaction in marital relationship. METHODS: The study included 100 women in their first month after delivery...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197818/fertility-desires-and-intentions-among-u-s-women-by-disability-status-findings-from-the-2011-2013-national-survey-of-family-growth
#4
Tina L Bloom, William Mosher, Jeanne Alhusen, Hannah Lantos, Rosemary B Hughes
Objectives We compared fertility desires and intentions among women with disabilities and women without disabilities in the United States, using a new evidence-based measure of disability. Methods We analyzed data from a sample of 5601 US women 15-44 years of age in the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth. The data were analyzed via cross-tabulation and logistic regression. We classified women into those with a disability and those without a disability. Results Women with disabilities were about as likely to want a baby (61%) as women without disabilities (60%)...
February 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193721/women-s-limited-choice-and-availability-of-modern-contraception-at-retail-outlets-and-public-sector-facilities-in-luanda-angola-2012-2015
#5
Benjamin Nieto-Andrade, Eva Fidel, Rebecca Simmons, Dana Sievers, Anya Fedorova, Suzanne Bell, Karen Weidert, Ndola Prata
In Angola, many women want to use family planning but lack access to affordable and preferred methods. This article assesses the link between women's choice and availability of contraceptive methods in Luanda, Angola, drawing on data from 3 surveys: a 2012 survey among women ages 15-49 and 2 retail surveys conducted in 2014 and 2015 among outlets and facilities offering contraceptive methods. Descriptive statistics for women's contraceptive knowledge, use, and preferred methods were stratified by age group...
February 13, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193400/levels-and-trends-in-contraceptive-prevalence-unmet-need-and-demand-for-family-planning-for-29-states-and-union-territories-in-india-a-modelling-study-using-the-family-planning-estimation-tool
#6
Jin Rou New, Niamh Cahill, John Stover, Yogender Pal Gupta, Leontine Alkema
BACKGROUND: Improving access to reproductive health services and commodities is central to development. Efforts to assess progress on this front have been largely focused on national estimates, but such analyses can mask local disparities. We assessed progress in reproductive health services subnationally in India. METHODS: We developed a statistical model to generate estimates and projections of levels and trends in family planning indicators for subpopulations...
March 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193105/a-qualitative-analysis-of-information-sharing-in-hospice-interdisciplinary-group-meetings
#7
Karla T Washington, George Demiris, Debra Parker Oliver, Jeffrey A Swarz, Alexandria M Lewis, Uba Backonja
BACKGROUND: In the United States, hospice agencies are required to convene interdisciplinary group (IDG) meetings no less frequently than every 15 days to review patients' care plans. Challenges associated with information sharing during these meetings can impede efficiency and frustrate attendees. OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine information sharing in the context of hospice IDG meetings as a first step toward developing an informatics tool to support interdisciplinary collaboration in this setting...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192734/provider-controlled-or-user-dependent-contraceptive-methods-levels-and-pattern-among-married-women-of-reproductive-age-in-china-1988-2006
#8
Xiaoying Zheng, Chao Guo, Lihua Pang, Qiang Ren, Zhenjie Wang, Lingfang Tan, Qiuyuan Chen, Moazzam Ali, Marleen Temmerman, Jitendra Khanna
OBJECTIVES: To explore levels and patterns in contraceptive use since the introduction of informed choice in reproductive health services in China since 1994, and to assess the implications of reproductive health service needs among married women of reproductive age in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from Chinese nationwide surveys of family planning and reproductive health undertaken in 1988, 1997, 2001, and 2006 were analyzed to assess levels and trends in patterns of contraceptive use among married women by age, residence, and number of children...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191339/using-conjoint-analysis-to-elicit-gps-preferences-for-family-physician-contracts-a-case-study-in-iran
#9
Mohammad Ranjbar Ezatabadi, Arash Rashidian, Mohammad Shariati, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Ali Akbari Sari
BACKGROUND: Family physician plans in Iran face several challenges, one of which is developing attractive and efficient contracts that motivate physicians to participate in the plan. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to elicit GPs' preferences for family physician contracts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study using the conjoint analysis technique, 580 GPs selected from the family physician database in Iran in 2014. Through qualitative and quantitative methods, 18 contract scenarios were developed via orthogonal design i...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183308/reasons-for-unmet-need-for-family-planning-with-attention-to-the-measurement-of-fertility-preferences-protocol-for-a-multi-site-cohort-study
#10
Kazuyo Machiyama, John B Casterline, Joyce N Mumah, Fauzia Akhter Huda, Francis Obare, George Odwe, Caroline W Kabiru, Sharifa Yeasmin, John Cleland
BACKGROUND: Unmet need for family planning points to the gap between women's reproductive desire to avoid pregnancy and contraceptive behaviour. An estimated 222 million women in low- and middle-income countries have unmet need for modern contraception. Despite its prevalence, there has been little rigorous research during the past fifteen years on reasons for this widespread failure to implement childbearing desires in contraceptive practice. There is demographic survey data on women's self-reported reasons for non-use, but these data provide limited insight on the full set of possible obstacles to use, and one may doubt the meaningfulness of explanations provided by non-users alone...
February 9, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179693/perceptions-of-rural-women-about-contraceptive-usage-in-district-khushab-punjab
#11
Aqeela Tabassum, Yasir Nawaz Manj, Tahira Rehman Gunjial, Salma Nazir
OBJECTIVE: To identify the perceptions of rural women about modern contraceptive methods and to ascertain the psycho-social and economic attitude of women about family planning methods. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Pakistan, from December 2014 to March 2015, and comprised married women. The sample was selected using multistage sampling technique through Fitzgibbon table. They were interviewed regarding use of family planning methods...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179370/comparing-women-s-contraceptive-preferences-with-their-choices-in-5-urban-family-planning-clinics-in-ghana
#12
Sarah D Rominski, Emmanuel Sk Morhe, Ernest Maya, Abukar Manu, Vanessa K Dalton
BACKGROUND: Concern about contraceptive side effects is a common reason reported by women for not using contraception or discontinuing use. We sought to characterize women's preferences related to method characteristics and side effects and to examine whether their adopted method was consistent with their stated preferences. METHODS: Between June 1, 2015, and August 31, 2015, we surveyed women attending 5 urban family planning clinics in Kumasi and Accra, Ghana, before and after their counseling sessions...
February 8, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178993/perspectives-of-urban-ghanaian-women-on-vasectomy
#13
Ofeibea Asare, Easmon Otupiri, Joana Apenkwa, Rose Odotei-Adjei
BACKGROUND: Advocacy for male involvement in family planning has been championed over the years after the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD). There are a few contraceptive methods for men, and vasectomy uptake has been identified as one of the indicators of male involvement in family planning. Vasectomy also known as male sterilization is a permanent form of contraception. It is a generally safe, quick, easy, effective surgical operation with rare complications to prevent release of sperm...
February 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173635/an-assessment-of-the-experiences-and-needs-of-adolescents-with-chronic-conditions-in-transitional-care-a-qualitative-study-to-develop-a-patient-education-programme
#14
Franziska Bomba, Carsten Herrmann-Garitz, Julia Schmidt, Silke Schmidt, Ute Thyen
The transition of adolescents with chronic conditions is a challenging task. This study aimed to explore the experiences and needs of adolescents with chronic conditions in the transition period and to apply these findings to the design of a generic patient education programme. Data were collected from a sample of 29 adolescents with chronic conditions from Northern Germany and Switzerland including a broad range of views due to variation in disease management and organisation of care both in paediatric and adult populations...
March 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170078/quality-of-family-planning-counseling-among-women-attending-prenatal-care-at-a-hospital-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#15
Abel Teshome, Malede Birara, Sarah D Rominski
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of family planning counseling among women attending a prenatal clinic in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: In a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted between February and April, 2015, at the prenatal care clinic of Saint Paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pregnant women in their third trimester were interviewed about their experience of family planning counseling. Data were collected via a questionnaire...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156629/a-whole-greater-than-the-sum-of-the-parts-close-collaboration-between-palliative-care-and-clinical-ethics
#16
(no author information available yet)
: 53 Background: The disciplines of palliative care (PC) and clinical ethics (CE) share common content but also important distinctions in method, skill set, and clinical role in a given patient encounter. Particularly in cases of advance care planning, complex decision-making, and clarifying goals oncology teams may be challenged to know which consultation service to involve. METHODS: Case report and commentary. RESULTS: A 60 year-old man with a 3-year history of glioblastoma multiforme presented with sudden onset right-sided weakness and altered mental status...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156522/patient-family-member-and-clinician-perspectives-on-advance-care-planning-acp-in-hematology-and-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-hsct
#17
Jessica Simon, Shelley Raffin Bouchal
: 7 Background: Studies have found that ACP engagement remains low in patients undergoing HSCT in spite of the high risks of treatment-related morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This qualitative study used Thorne's Interpretive Description methodology. Participants were accrued from hematological malignancy outpatient clinics at a tertiary oncology center and underwent audio-recorded semi-structured interviews. Analysis involved meticulous review of interview transcripts...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156478/using-touch-based-technology-to-screen-patients-in-the-icu
#18
Matthew J Loscalzo, Rupinder Sidhu, David Horak, Sorin Buga
: 76 Background: The intensive care unit (ICU) is associated with high mortality rates, significant costs, along with occasionally futile and non-indicated care. Surveys of patients indicate the majority wish to focus on comfort and being at home at the end of life as opposed to the aggressive interventions received in the hospital. Although a small percentage of patients may be awake, medical teams look to the families to provide the direction of care for a patient in the ICU. City of Hope National Medical Center has utilized tablet-based screening of caregivers for years, and now in conjunction with delirium screening has started to roll out tablet-based screening for patients who are awake and do not have delirium...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155777/-local-culture-and-community-participation-djandioba-family-planning-day-in-burkina-faso
#19
Souleymane Kaboré, Léon Blaise Savadogo, Ziemlé Clément Méda, Koabié Bakouan, Emanuel Lankoandé, Bernard Zongo, Norbert Coulibaly, Alain Kaboré, Alexandrine Boissier, Djénéba Sanon-Ouédraogo
The combination of “local culture and community participation” as implementation support for health programmes is an effective approach to reduce cultural barriers of access to health services. These events have reduced the negative impact of perceptions, erroneous beliefs and misinformation about modern contraceptive methods commonly observed in target populations.</ce:para>.
December 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152855/cervical-screening-reminder-calls-pilot-utilizing-emrs-to-improve-cancer-screening
#20
Aaron Randall
: 163 Background: Cancer screening detects pre-cancerous changes, or cancer at an early stage when there is a better chance of treating it successfully. Research shows that that physician encouragement improves the odds of patients getting screened. Furthermore, systematic reviews demonstrate that efforts to encourage screening can be more effective through telephone reminders when compared to other methods of outreach. Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) are a powerful tool for the coordination, recording, monitoring and reporting of patient care in primary care...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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