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Family planning methods

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793140/effectiveness-of-a-voluntary-family-befriending-service-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-using-the-donabedian-model
#1
S V Gentry, E F J Powers, N Azim, M Maidrag
OBJECTIVES: Voluntary befriending schemes operate in many countries, promoting public health by supporting vulnerable individuals and families. Use of third sector and voluntary services to complement health and social care provision is increasingly important globally in the context of economic and demographic challenges, but the evidence base around such collaborations is limited. This article reports the results of operational evaluation research seeking to use robust routine work to generate transferable findings for use by those commissioning and providing services...
May 21, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792260/widening-participation-of-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pasifika-students-in-health-careers-evaluation-of-two-health-science-academies
#2
Lesley Middleton, Ausaga Faasalele Tanuvasa, Megan Pledger, Nicola Grace, Kirsten Smiler, Tua Taueetia Loto-Su'a, Jacqueline Cumming
Objective The aim of the present study was to evaluate the short-term outcomes of two health science academies established by a district health board in South Auckland, New Zealand, to create a health workforce pipeline for local Māori and Pasifika students. Methods A mixed-methods approach was used, involving background discussions with key informants to generate an initial logic model of how the academies work, followed by secondary analysis of students' records relating to retention and academic achievement, a survey of senior academy students' interest in particular health careers and face-to-face interviews and focus groups with students, families and teachers...
May 24, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790145/-nursing-experience-of-using-mirror-visual-feedback-for-a-schizophrenia-patient-with-visual-hallucinations
#3
Shu-Ling Lan, Yu-Chi Chen, Hsiu-Ju Chang
The aim of this paper was to describe the nursing application of mirror visual feedback in a patient suffering from long-term visual hallucinations. The intervention period was from May 15th to October 19th, 2015. Using the five facets of psychiatric nursing assessment, several health problems were observed, including disturbed sensory perceptions (prominent visual hallucinations) and poor self-care (e.g. limited abilities to self-bathe and put on clothing). Furthermore, "caregiver role strain" due to the related intense care burden was noted...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789300/teamwork-on-rounds-on-an-inpatient-ward-team-an-ethnographic-study
#4
Carla Falco, Dorene Balmer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pediatric hospitalists are expected to be adept at effective teamwork; yet, studies in which researchers describe teamwork practices in general pediatric inpatient settings are lacking. Our aim in this study was to examine the roles that general pediatric team members assume in real-life settings and how team members conduct teamwork practices on family-centered rounds. METHODS: In the ethnographic tradition, we observed a general pediatric team on a hospitalist service, focusing on family-centered rounds, and conducted in-depth interviews with interns, senior residents, and faculty...
May 22, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789001/dissemination-and-use-of-who-family-planning-guidance-and-tools-a-qualitative-assessment
#5
Joan Marie Kraft, Titilope Oduyebo, Tara C Jatlaoui, Kathryn M Curtis, Maura K Whiteman, Lauren B Zapata, Mary Eluned Gaffield
BACKGROUND: As countries continue to improve their family planning (FP) programmes, they may draw on WHO's evidence-based FP guidance and tools (i.e. materials) that support the provision of quality FP services. METHODS: To better understand the use and perceived impact of the materials and ways to strengthen their use by countries, we conducted qualitative interviews with WHO regional advisors, and with stakeholders in Ethiopia and Senegal who use WHO materials...
May 22, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788270/determinants-of-hearing-aid-use-among-older-americans-with-hearing-loss
#6
Michael M McKee, HwaJung Choi, Shelby Wilson, Melissa J DeJonckheere, Philip Zazove, Helen Levy
Background and Objectives: Hearing loss (HL) is common among older adults and is associated with significant psychosocial, cognitive, and physical sequelae. Hearing aids (HA) can help, but not all individuals with HL use them. This study examines how social determinants may impact HA use. Research Design and Methods: We conducted an explanatory sequential mixed methods study involving a secondary analysis of a nationally representative data set, the Health and Retirement Study (HRS; n = 35,572)...
May 21, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786592/obstetric-and-gynecological-care-by-family-doctors-in-ukraine-literature-review
#7
Oksana V Bakun, Svitlana Y Karatieieva, Svitlana B Semenenko, Oksana I Yurkiv, Ksenia V Slobodian
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The analysis of literature on the questions of obstetrical and gynecologic care by general practitioners - family doctors in Ukraine has been presented in the article. Special attention has been paid to the actual problems of primary health care implementation on the basis of family medicine. The aim of the study is to find out the depth of the problem "A female doctor as an obstetrician-gynecologist" by analyzing scientific relevant literature data...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782601/patient-centered-medical-home-status-and-preparedness-to-assess-resident-milestones-a-cera-study
#8
Thad Wilkins, Wonsuk Yoo, Ralph A Gillies, Julie Dahl-Smith, Jacqueline Dubose, Joseph Hobbs, Selina Smith, Dean A Seehusen
Purpose: The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model has been proposed as the ideal model for delivering primary care and is focused on improving patient safety and quality, reducing costs, and enhancing patient satisfaction. The mandated Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education educational milestones for evaluation of resident competency represent the skills graduates will utilize after graduation. Many of these skills are reflected in the PCMH model. We sought to determine if residency programs whose main family medicine (FM) practice sites have achieved PCMH recognition are therefore more prepared to evaluate milestones...
May 2018: PRiMER: peer-review reports in medical education research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781701/intervention-for-bilingual-speech-sound-disorders-a-case-study-of-an-isixhosa-english-speaking-child
#9
Kate Rossouw, Michelle Pascoe
 Bilingualism is common in South Africa, with many children acquiring isiXhosa as a home language and learning English from a young age in nursery or crèche. IsiXhosa is a local language, part of the Bantu language family, widely spoken in the country. Aims: To describe changes in a bilingual child's speech following intervention based on a theoretically motivated and tailored intervention plan. Methods and procedures: This study describes a female isiXhosa-English bilingual child, named Gcobisa (pseudonym) (chronological age 4 years and 2 months) with a speech sound disorder...
March 19, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781528/assessing-the-competency-and-acceptability-of-community-health-worker-provision-of-standard-days-method%C3%A2-in-family-planning-services-in-gisagara-district-rwanda
#10
Lauren VanEnk, Victoria Shelus, Catherine Mugeni, Marie Mukabatsinda, Jeannette Cachan
This study assesses the competency and acceptability of community-based provision of Standard Days Method® (SDM) to first-time users in Rwanda. The national strategy equips community health workers (CHWs) to resupply pills, injectables and condoms to existing clients. With the aim of expanding access, SDM provision to first-time users was added to the method mix in Gisagara district and assessed with a 12 month prospective, mixed methods study. Thirty percent of SDM clients had never used a method of family planning and 58 percent had not been using a method for at least three months...
May 21, 2018: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781216/measuring-inequalities-in-the-demographical-and-geographical-distribution-of-physicians-in-china-generalist-versus-specialist
#11
Jingxian Wu
OBJECTIVE: The equitable distribution of both generalist and specialist physicians is vital in establishing a fair and efficient health care system. The presents study aims at comparatively measuring the demographical and geographical distribution of generalist and specialist physicians in China from 2012 to 2016. METHODS: The data were obtained from China Health and Family Planning Statistics and China Statistical Yearbooks 2013 to 2017. Descriptive statistical methods were used to address the quantity and density of physicians, and Gini coefficient was adopted as inequality indicator to trace their distribution inequalities...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781090/informal-caregivers-in-hospitals-opportunities-and-threats
#12
Mohammadreza Amiresmaili, Zahra Emrani
OBJECTIVE: High hospital costs are a challenge that health system face. Additionally, studies identified manpower deficiency as a problem in health system. Hospital is a place where patients with different physical and mental conditions come to. Their families and friends' companionship can facilitate this situation for them. This study illustrates the roles of informal caregivers in hospital. METHOD: This is a phenomenological qualitative study. Data were gathered through semistructured interviews...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778301/behavioral-coping-plans-one-inter-professional-team-s-approach-to-patient-centered-care
#13
Katherine Wittling, Jessica Palumbo Dufur, Ashley McClain, Margaret Gettis
BACKGROUND: Surgical encounters for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are stressful to patients, families and health care providers. It is recognized that parents best anticipate needs of children with ASD. Including a family in the plan of care for the child is imperative. In response to the need for targeted, tailored care, an inter-professional surgical services team convened to determine best practices for addressing a behavioral and developmental plan for children with ASD in the surgical services arena...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777647/correlates-of-postpartum-sexual-activity-and-contraceptive-use-in-kano-northern-nigeria
#14
Zubairu Iliyasu, Hadiza S Galadanci, Khadija M Danlami, Hamisu M Salihu, Muktar H Aliyu
Practices related to resumption of coitus after childbirth remains poorly documented in Nigeria. This study examined factors associated with sexual intercourse, delivery-coitus interval, and contraceptive use among postpartum women attending a tertiary centre in Kano, northern Nigeria. A cross section of 317 women attending immunization, postnatal and family planning clinics within 12 months of childbirth was interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Vaginal intercourse was resumed by most women (n=212; 66...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777644/closing-the-gap-between-people-and-programs-lessons-from-implementation-of-social-accountability-for-family-planning-and-reproductive-health-in-uganda
#15
Vicky Boydell, Stella Neema, Kelsey Wright, Karen Hardee
Globally, women's access to modern contraception can be attributed to poor service conditions and care. Growing evidence from across the health sector has found that social accountability approaches have the potential to improve the quality of care and therefore the utilization of health services, little of this evidence relates to family planning and reproductive health programs. This paper therefore assessed the results of retrospective implementation research into a five-year social accountability project in Uganda that focused on family planning and reproductive health...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777642/reaching-urban-female-adolescents-at-key-points-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-transitions-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-study-from-kenya
#16
Ilene S Speizer, Lisa M Calhoun, David K Guilkey
Urban areas include large numbers of adolescents (ages 15-19) and young adults (ages 20-24) who may have unmet sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs. Worldwide, adolescents contribute 11% of births, many of which are in low and middle-income countries. This study uses recently collected longitudinal data from urban Kenyan women to examine the association between targeted intervention activities and adolescents' SRH transitions. The focus was on a female adolescent (15-19) sample and their transition to first sex and first pregnancy/birth...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775994/a-broader-understanding-of-care-managers-attitudes-of-advance-care-planning-a-concurrent-nested-design
#17
Julie Aultman, Kristin R Baughman, Ruth Ludwick
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine barriers of advance care planning (ACP) experienced by care managers (CMs) through a mixed methods approach. A concurrent nested design was used to acquire a deeper understanding of ACP, and to identify nuances between quantitative and qualitative data. BACKGROUND: Past quantitative studies on providers have identified barriers related to time, culture, knowledge, responsibility, and availability of legal documents. These barriers, and accompanying attitudes and feelings, have been taken at face value without rich qualitative data to identify under what conditions and to what extent a barrier impacts care...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757843/strategies-used-to-facilitate-the-discussion-of-advance-care-planning-with-older-adults-in-primary-care-settings-a-literature-review
#18
Guillermina R Solis, Bibiana M Mancera, Megan Johnson Shen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this literature review was to evaluate strategies used in primary care settings to initiate advance care planning (ACP) conversations leading to the completion of an advance directive (AD). Approximately 50% of older adults have an AD; few talk to their primary care provider (PCP) about end-of-life wishes. The Institute of Medicine report and recent changes in Medicare reimbursement policies create opportunities for PCPs to address ACP in primary care settings...
May 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756588/toward-a-shared-care-model-of-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-role-of-the-primary-care-practitioner
#19
Jiwon Oh, Marie-Sarah Gagné-Brosseau, Melanie Guenette, Catherine Larochelle, François Lemieux, Suresh Menon, Sarah A Morrow, Laurence Poliquin-Lasnier, Chantal Roy-Hewitson, Carolina Rush, Anne-Marie Trudelle, Paul S Giacomini
The objective of this study was to develop a shared-care model to enable primary-care physicians to participate more fully in meeting the complex, multidisciplinary healthcare needs of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: The design consisted of development of consensus recommendations and a shared-care algorithm. PARTICIPANTS: A working group of 11 Canadian neurologists involved in the management of patients with MS were included in this study. MAIN MESSAGE: The clinical management of patients with multiple sclerosis is increasing in complexity as new disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) become available, and ongoing safety monitoring is required...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752324/dances-with-denial-have-medical-oncology-outpatients-conveyed-their-end-of-life-wishes-and-do-they-want-to
#20
Amy Waller, Charles Douglas, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Nicholas Zdenkowski, Angela Pearce, Tiffany Evans, Justin Walsh
Objectives: This study surveyed a sample of medical oncology outpatients to determine (1) the proportion who have already discussed and documented their end-of-life (EOL) wishes; (2) when and with whom they would prefer to convey their EOL wishes; (3) the EOL issues they would want to discuss; and (4) the association between perceived cancer status and advance care planning (ACP) participation. Methods: Adult medical oncology outpatients were approached in the waiting room of an Australian tertiary treatment center...
May 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
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