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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804250/modern-contraceptive-choice-among-patients-seen-at-the-cameroon-national-planning-association-for-family-welfare-clinic-yaound%C3%A3
#1
Tameh Theodore Yangsi, Fouelifack Ymele Florent, Mbong Eta Ngole, Fomulu Nelson
BACKGROUND: To understand the low modern contraceptive prevalence in Cameroon, we reviewed the methods chosen and determined their side effects among patients in an urban setting. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at the "Cameroon National Planning Association for Family Welfare (CAMNAFAW) Clinic" in Yaoundé. Data were processed by SPSS software version 20.0 for Windows, and all tests were considered statistically significant at P < .05. RESULTS: Of the 1180 women sampled, the most chosen methods were as follows: depot medroxy progesterone acetate: 72...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803883/the-provision-of-emergency-contraception-in-kinshasa-s-private-sector-pharmacies-experiences-of-mystery-clients
#2
Julie H Hernandez, Mbadu Muanda Fidèle, Mélissa Garcia, Annie Glover
OBJECTIVES: Recent programmatic and research efforts on addressing gaps in health systems of low-income countries increasingly see task shifting, i.e. the provision of healthcare by non-medically trained personnel, as a possible solution to increase the availability of specific services and commodities. In Kinshasa, private-sector pharmacies are the primary and preferred provider of family planning (FP) methods, and thus constitute a potential resource for expanding access to specific contraceptives...
August 10, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803081/building-an-outpatient-kidney-palliative-care-clinical-program
#3
Jennifer S Scherer, Rebecca Wright, Caroline S Blaum, Stephen P Wall
CONTEXT: A diagnosis of advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), or end stage renal disease (ESRD) represents a significant life change for patients and families. Individuals often experience high symptom burden, decreased quality of life, increased health care utilization, and end-of-life care discordant with their preferences. Early integration of palliative care with standard nephrology practice in the outpatient setting has the potential to improve quality of life through provision of expert symptom management, emotional support, and facilitation of advance care planning that honors the individual's values and goals...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802574/-doing-our-best-to-keep-a-routine-how-low-income-mothers-manage-child-feeding-with-unpredictable-work-and-family-schedules
#4
Tara Agrawal, Tracy Jean Farrell, Elaine Wethington, Carol M Devine
Significant changes in work and family conditions over the last three decades have important implications for understanding how young children are fed. The new conditions of work and family have placed pressures on families. The aim of this study was to explore the work and family pressures shaping the ways parents feed their young children on a day-to-day basis. Twenty-two purposively recruited low-income employed mothers of 3-4 year old children from a rural county Head Start program in Upstate New York reported details about the context of their children's eating episodes in a 24-h qualitative dietary recall...
August 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797859/valuing-attributes-of-home-palliative-care-with-service-users-a-pilot-discrete-choice-experiment
#5
Barbara Gomes, Maja de Brito, Vera P Sarmento, Deokhee Yi, Duarte Soares, Jacinta Fernandes, Bruno Fonseca, Edna Gonçalves, Pedro L Ferreira, Irene J Higginson
CONTEXT: Discrete choice experiment (DCE) is a quantitative method that helps determine which service attributes are most valued by people and consequently improve their well-being. OBJECTIVES: To test a new DCE on home palliative care (HPC). METHODS: Cross-sectional survey using the DCE method with adult patients and their family caregivers, users of three HPC services in Portugal. Service attributes were based on a Cochrane review, a meta-ethnography, and the few existing DCEs on HPC: 1) team's availability, 2) support for family caregivers, 3) homecare support, 4) information and planning, and 5) waiting time...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797127/the-resqu-index-a-new-instrument-to-appraise-the-quality-of-research-on-birth-place
#6
Saraswathi Vedam, Chris Rossiter, Caroline S E Homer, Kathrin Stoll, Vanessa L Scarf
OBJECTIVE: Place of birth is a known determinant of health care outcomes, interventions and costs. Many studies have examined the maternal and perinatal outcomes when women plan to give birth in hospitals compared with births in birth centres or at home. However, these studies vary substantially in rigour; assessing their quality is challenging. Existing research appraisal tools do not always capture important elements of study design that are critical when comparing outcomes by planned place of birth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795311/the-rise-of-female-sterilization-a-closer-look-at-colombia
#7
Beatriz M Folch, Sarah Betstadt, Dongmei Li, Natalie Whaley
Objective In the 1970s, OCPs and IUDs were the most popular contraceptive methods in Colombia. According to data from the most recent Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), sterilization has become the most common form of birth control in Colombia. This study aims to examine the characteristics of Colombian women desiring long-acting contraception. Methods This study uses the 2005 and 2010 Colombian DHS dataset. Women who choose long-acting contraception were divided into those using female sterilization and those using long-acting reversible contraception (LARC)...
August 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794620/spreading-improvements-for-advanced-copd-care-through-a-canadian-collaborative
#8
Graeme M Rocker, Claudia Amar, Wendy L Laframboise, Jane Burns, Jennifer Y Verma
BACKGROUND: A year-long pan-Canadian quality improvement collaborative (QIC) led by the Canadian Foundation for Healthcare Improvement (CFHI) supported the spread of the successful Halifax, Nova Scotia-based INSPIRED COPD Outreach Program™ to 19 teams in the 10 Canadian provinces. We describe QIC results, addressing two main questions: 1) Can the results of the Nova Scotia INSPIRED model be replicated elsewhere in Canada? 2) How did the teams implement and evaluate their versions of the INSPIRED program? METHODS: Collaborative faculty selected measures that were evidence-based, relatively simple to collect, and relevant to local context...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791828/energy-exchangers-with-lct-as-a-precision-method-for-diet-control-in-lchadd
#9
REVIEW
Renata Mozrzymas, Klaudia Konikowska, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
Long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (LCHADD) is a rare genetic disease. The LCHADD treatment is mainly based on special diet. In this diet, energy from long-chain triglycerides (LCT) cannot exceed 10%, however energy intake from the consumption of medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) should increase. The daily intake of energy should be compatible with energy requirements and treatment should involve frequent meals including during the night to avoid periods of fasting. In fact, there are no recommendations for total content of LCT in all of the allowed food in the LCHADD diet...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768495/exploring-the-determinants-of-health-and-wellbeing-in-communities-living-in-proximity-to-coal-seam-gas-developments-in-regional-queensland
#10
Fiona Mactaggart, Liane McDermott, Anna Tynan, Christian A Gericke
BACKGROUND: There is some concern that coal seam gas mining may affect health and wellbeing through changes in social determinants such as living and working conditions, local economy and the environment. The onward impact of these conditions on health and wellbeing is often not monitored to the same degree as direct environmental health impacts in the mining context, but merits attention. This study reports on the findings from a recurrent theme that emerged from analysis of the qualitative component of a comprehensive Health Needs Assessment (HNA) conducted in regional Queensland: that health and wellbeing of communities was reportedly affected by nearby coal seam gas (CSG) development beyond direct environmental impacts...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766090/what-do-pediatricians-tell-parents-about-bed-sharing
#11
Paula Schaeffer, Andrea G Asnes
Background and objectives Despite the risks of bed-sharing, little is known about what pediatricians tell parents about bed-sharing with infants and whether pediatricians provide specific recommendations outlined by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). This study aimed to understand pediatricians' opinions about bed-sharing and the advice pediatricians provide to parents about bed sharing. Methods The study employed a qualitative study design and the conceptual framework of the Theory of Planned Behavior...
August 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765156/family-planning-in-the-context-of-latin-america-s-universal-health-coverage-agenda
#12
Thomas Fagan, Arin Dutta, James Rosen, Agathe Olivetti, Kate Klein
BACKGROUND: Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have substantially improved access to family planning over the past 50 years. Many have also recently adopted explicit declarations of universal rights to health and universal health coverage (UHC) and have begun implementing UHC-oriented health financing schemes. These schemes will have important implications for the sustainability and further growth of family planning programs throughout the region. METHODS: We examined the status of contraceptive methods in major health delivery and financing schemes in 9 LAC countries...
July 31, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764670/determinants-of-contraceptive-use-and-future-contraceptive-intentions-of-women-attending-child-welfare-clinics-in-urban-ghana
#13
Caroline Wuni, Cornelius A Turpin, Edward T Dassah
BACKGROUND: Family planning is an integral component of maternal and child health services in Ghana. Although knowledge on contraception is universal and most women attend maternal and child health services, contraceptive use remains low among women after delivery. This study aimed to determine factors influencing current use and future contraceptive intentions of women who were attending child welfare clinics within 2 years of delivery in Sunyani Municipality, Ghana. METHODS: We conducted an analytical cross-sectional study among mothers in six selected health care facilities...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763927/-factors-associated-with-malnutrition-among-infants-and-young-children-aged-6-23-months-in-poor-rural-areas-in-hunan-province-china
#14
X Zhou, J Q Fang, J Y Luo, H Wang, Q Y Du, G W Huang, B B Feng
Objective: To describe the situation and identify factors associated with malnutrition among infants and young children aged 6-23 months in poor rural areas in Hunan Province in 2015. Methods: 8 735 rural infants and young children aged 6-23 months in 30 poor counties of Wuling Mountains and Luoxiao Mountains in Hu'nan province were selected by township-level probability proportional to size sampling (PPS) in August 2015, infants' body length and weight were measured, and questionnaires were used to collect infants' information on personal and family, and feeding status in the past 24 h...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763720/increasing-the-uptake-of-long-acting-and-permanent-methods-of-family-planning-a-qualitative-study-with-village-midwives-in-east-java-and-nusa-tenggara-barat-provinces-indonesia
#15
Christiana R Titaley, Ratna U Wijayanti, Rita Damayanti, Agus Dwi Setiawan, Dadun, Dini Dachlia, Ferdinand Siagian, Heru Suparno, Dwi Astuti Yunita Saputri, Sarah Harlan, Yunita Wahyuningrum, Douglas Storey
OBJECTIVE: this analysis aims to explore midwives' insights into the provision of long-acting and permanent methods of contraception (LAPMs) in the selected areas of East Java and Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB) Provinces, Indonesia. DESIGN: a qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted with 12 village midwives from 12 villages, to explore their perceptions and experiences in delivering family planning services. SETTING: the study was carried out in May-June 2013, as part of the baseline assessment in the Improving Contraceptive Method Mix (ICMM) study...
July 20, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761626/identification-of-retention-strategies-for-neurosurgeons-in-iran-results-from-expert-panels
#16
Sima Rafiei, Sina Abdollahzadeh, Fariba Hashemi, Mohammad Ranjbar
Background: The key challenge is how to encourage and retain health professionals in their work location. There is a list of policy options for this purpose but applying an appropriate and effective set of strategies requires a country level research. Our study aimed to identify retention strategies for neurosurgeons and examine both the importance and feasibility of the identified strategies using expert panels' point of view. Methods: First of all, a literature review was conducted to identify retention strategies for physicians...
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759624/fear-opposition-ambivalence-and-omission-results-from-a-follow-up-study-on-unmet-need-for-family-planning-in-ghana
#17
Sarah Staveteig
INTRODUCTION: Despite a relatively strong family planning program and regionally modest levels of fertility, Ghana recorded one of the highest levels of unmet need for family planning on the African continent in 2008. Unmet need for family planning is a composite measure based on apparent contradictions between women's reproductive preferences and practices. Women who want to space or limit births but are not using contraception are considered to have an unmet need for family planning...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758375/all-bereaved-parents-are-entitled-to-good-care-after-stillbirth-a-mixed-methods-multicentre-study-insight
#18
D Siassakos, S Jackson, K Gleeson, C Chebsey, A Ellis, C Storey
OBJECTIVE: To understand challenges in care after stillbirth and provide tailored solutions. DESIGN: Multi-centre case study. SETTING: Three maternity hospitals. POPULATION: Parents with a stillborn baby, maternity staff. METHODS: Thematic analysis of parent interviews and staff focus groups and service provision investigation. OUTCOMES: 1 Themes; 2 Triangulation matrix; 3 Recommendations...
July 31, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757595/early-marriage-and-barriers-to-contraception-among-syrian-refugee-women-in-lebanon-a-qualitative-study
#19
Zeinab Cherri, Julita Gil Cuesta, Jose M Rodriguez-Llanes, Debarati Guha-Sapir
The Syrian conflict has displaced five million individuals outside their country with Lebanon hosting the largest numbers per capita. Around 24% of Syrian refugees fleeing to Lebanon are women of reproductive age (15-49). Yet, a better understanding of the sexual and reproductive health needs of Syrian refugee women in Lebanon is required to improve provided services. Eleven focus group discussions were conducted in four regions of Lebanon with 108 Syrian refugee women of reproductive age. Thematic analysis was used to examine the data...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757447/the-phylogeny-of-extant-starfish-asteroidea-echinodermata-including-xyloplax-based-on-comparative-transcriptomics
#20
Gregorio V Linchangco, David W Foltz, Rob Reid, John Williams, Conor Nodzak, Alexander M Kerr, Allison K Miller, Rebecca Hunter, Nerida G Wilson, William J Nielsen, Christopher L Mah, Greg W Rouse, Gregory A Wray, Daniel A Janies
Multi-locus phylogenetic studies of echinoderms based on Sanger and RNA-seq technologies and the fossil record have provided evidence for the Asterozoa-Echinozoa hypothesis. This hypothesis posits a sister relationship between asterozoan classes (Asteroidea and Ophiuroidea) and a similar relationship between echinozoan classes (Echinoidea and Holothuroidea). Despite this consensus around Asterozoa-Echinozoa, phylogenetic relationships within the class Asteroidea (sea stars or starfish) have been controversial for over a century...
July 27, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
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