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Abstinence only programs to prevent pregnancies in teens

Roy F Oman, Breanca T Merritt, Janene Fluhr, Jean M Williams
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of a national comprehensive teen pregnancy prevention (TPP) intervention to a national abstinence-only TPP intervention on middle school students' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to teen sexual behaviors in a state with high teen birth rates. METHODS: Pre- and post-intervention data were collected annually (2005-2010) from seventh-grade students to evaluate school-based TPP programs that implemented a comprehensive (N = 3244) or abstinence-only (N = 3172) intervention...
December 2015: Journal of School Health
Amy T Schalet, John S Santelli, Stephen T Russell, Carolyn T Halpern, Sarah A Miller, Sarah S Pickering, Shoshana K Goldberg, Jennifer M Hoenig
Scientific research has made major contributions to adolescent health by providing insights into factors that influence it and by defining ways to improve it. However, US adolescent sexual and reproductive health policies-particularly sexuality health education policies and programs-have not benefited from the full scope of scientific understanding. From 1998 to 2009, federal funding for sexuality education focused almost exclusively on ineffective and scientifically inaccurate abstinence-only-until-marriage (AOUM) programs...
October 2014: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Kathrin F Stanger-Hall, David W Hall
The United States ranks first among developed nations in rates of both teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. In an effort to reduce these rates, the U.S. government has funded abstinence-only sex education programs for more than a decade. However, a public controversy remains over whether this investment has been successful and whether these programs should be continued. Using the most recent national data (2005) from all U.S. states with information on sex education laws or policies (N = 48), we show that increasing emphasis on abstinence education is positively correlated with teenage pregnancy and birth rates...
2011: PloS One
Josefina J Card, Laura Lessard, Tabitha Benner
PURPOSE: It is important that interventions that have been shown effective in changing risky behavior be disseminated, so that they can be replicated (implemented in a new site) and so that their effectiveness in a new setting can be investigated. This article provides an update on an innovative resource for promoting the replication of effective teen pregnancy and STI/HIV prevention programs. The resource is called the Program Archive on Sexuality, Health & Adolescence (PASHA). METHODS: A Scientist Expert Panel rates candidate adolescent pregnancy and STI/HIV prevention programs based on the strength of the evidence of their effectiveness in changing risky sexual behavior among youth ages 10-19 (10-21 for STI/HIV prevention programs)...
March 2007: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
John Santelli, Mary A Ott, Maureen Lyon, Jennifer Rogers, Daniel Summers, Rebecca Schleifer
Abstinence from sexual intercourse is an important behavioral strategy for preventing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and pregnancy among adolescents. Many adolescents, including most younger adolescents, have not initiated sexual intercourse and many sexually experienced adolescents and young adults are abstinent for varying periods of time. There is broad support for abstinence as a necessary and appropriate part of sexuality education. Controversy arises when abstinence is provided to adolescents as a sole choice and where health information on other choices is restricted or misrepresented...
January 2006: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Sylvana E Bennett, Nassim P Assefi
We compared school-based abstinence-only programs with those including contraceptive information (abstinence-plus) to determine which has the greatest impact on teen pregnancy. The United States has one of the highest rates of teen pregnancy in the industrialized world. Programs aimed at reducing the rate of teen pregnancy include a myriad of approaches including encouraging abstinence, providing education about birth control, promoting community service activities, and teaching skills to cope with peer pressure...
January 2005: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Seunghyun Yoo, Carolyn C Johnson, Janet Rice, Powlin Manuel
Abstinence-only programs for preventing teen pregnancy are the only options in some states but are the programs of choice in others. Effectiveness data, however, are lacking. The SOS Adolescent Family Life Program (SOS), an abstinence-only teen pregnancy prevention program, was implemented in south central Louisiana. Peer mentoring with an abstinence and life skills curriculum comprised the major components. SOS was implemented in the same grades in the same schools with new students each year for five years...
October 2004: Journal of School Health
Andrea Rothenberg, Andrew Weissman
The impact of early pregnancy and parenting on adolescents is well documented, with its negative effects on achieving adequate education, job skills training, gainful employment and economic independence duly recognized. While current interest and resources focus on abstinence only programs as major pregnancy prevention initiatives, we are increasingly failing those young women who have chosen early parenthood as a life option. This article will describe the efforts of a large urban hospital to provide hospital-based comprehensive services to pregnant and parenting teens to reduce the negative consequences to them and their children, and to help them to become effective parents and lead healthy, productive lives...
2002: Social Work in Health Care
(no author information available yet)
It's best to wait until you are older to have sex. But if you decide to have intercourse, use a condom. We'll show you how. That's the message most New Jersey teens get in their sex education classes. It's the law. But a new source of federal funding could help advocates of "abstinence-only" education find a way around that requirement. The state Department of Health and Senior Services is considering whether to apply for federal money limited to programs teaching teens that abstinence is the only certain way to prevent pregnancy and avoid contracting sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV...
April 21, 1997: AIDS Weekly Plus
Naomi Starkman, Nicole Rajani
Half of all new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in the United States and two thirds of all sexually transmitted diseases (STD) occur among young people under the age of 25. It is estimated that by the end of high school, nearly two thirds of American youth are sexually active, and one in five has had four or more sexual partners. Despite these alarming statistics, less than half of all public schools in the United States offer information on how to obtain contraceptives and most schools increasingly teach abstinence-only-until-marriage (or "abstinence-only") education...
July 2002: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
L Carter-Jessop, L N Franklin, J W Heath, G Jimenez-Irizarry, M D Peace
Teen sexual problems in the U.S. are reaching enormous proportions. Attempts to prevent common problems, pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, are underway through the persistent efforts of community, health, academic and government organizations. Abstinence education is one of the current attempts. However, the lack of well defined theoretical frameworks and analyses of outcomes have limited progress in the study of abstinence education. This article describes a pilot program in abstinence-only education provided to six groups of young teens within an urban middle school...
August 2000: Journal of Community Health
D Kirby, M Korpi, C Adivi, J Weissman
OBJECTIVES: A theory-based curriculum designed to delay the onset of intercourse and increase use of condoms was implemented in the classrooms of six Los Angeles middle schools. METHODS: The curriculum activities were very interactive, emphasized skill building, and were implemented by well trained peer educators, including young HIV-positive males and teen mothers. To evaluate the impact of the curriculum, 102 classrooms of students were randomly assigned to receive either the existing curriculum or the existing curriculum plus the intervention curriculum...
February 1997: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
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