Read by QxMD icon Read

Trunk impairment scale

Pieter Meyns, Liene Pans, Kaat Plasmans, Lieve Heyrman, Kaat Desloovere, Guy Molenaers
OBJECTIVE: Impaired balance is disabling for children with cerebral palsy (CPc), especially for CPc who recently underwent lower limb surgery. Positive results of using virtual reality (VR) in balance rehabilitation have been published in several outpatient populations. We investigated the feasibility of applying additional VR training focused on sitting balance in CP inpatients of a rehabilitation center after lower limb surgery. Additionally, we investigated the rate of enjoyment of VR training compared with conventional physiotherapy...
January 4, 2017: Games for Health
Bruno Bonnechère, Lubos Omelina, Bart Jansen, Serge Van Sint Jan
PURPOSE: Cerebral palsy (CP) leads to various clinical signs mainly induced by muscle spasticity and muscle weakness. Among these ones impaired balance and posture are very common. Traditional physical therapy exercise programs are focusing on this aspect, but it is difficult to motivate patients to regularly perform these exercises, especially at home without therapist supervision. Specially developed serious games (SG) could therefore be an interesting option to motivate children to perform specific exercise for balance improvement...
February 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
Mariano Serrao, Giorgia Chini, Carlo Casali, Carmela Conte, Martina Rinaldi, Alberto Ranavolo, Christian Marcotulli, Luca Leonardi, Gaia Fragiotta, Fabiano Bini, Gianluca Coppola, Francesco Pierelli
In the present study, the progression of gait impairment in a group of patients with primary degenerative cerebellar ataxias was observed over a period of 4 years. A total of 30 patients underwent an initial gait analysis study, and thereafter only 12 were evaluated because they completed the 2- and 4-year follow-up evaluations. Time-distance parameters, trunk and joint range of motion (RoM), and variability parameters (e.g., coefficients of variation) were measured at the baseline and at each follow-up evaluation...
December 6, 2016: Cerebellum
Ozge Cınar-Medeni, Bulent Elbasan, Irem Duzgun
BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal system diseases are commonly observed among nurses, physiotherapists, dentists, and dieticians. OBJECTIVE: To assess working postures of nurses, physiotherapists, dentists and dieticians, to identify whether low back pain (LBP) is present, and to put forth the correlation between LBP, working posture, and other factors. METHODS: Twenty seven physiotherapists, 34 nurses, 30 dentists, and 16 dieticians were included...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Koshiro Haruyama, Michiyuki Kawakami, Tomoyoshi Otsuka
Background Trunk function is important for standing balance, mobility, and functional outcome after stroke, but few studies have evaluated the effects of exercises aimed at improving core stability in stroke patients. Objective To investigate the effectiveness of core stability training on trunk function, standing balance, and mobility in stroke patients. Methods An assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial was undertaken in a stroke rehabilitation ward, with 32 participants randomly assigned to an experimental group or a control group (n = 16 each)...
November 7, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Yuji Fujino, Kazu Amimoto, Satoshi Sugimoto, Kazuhiro Fukata, Masahide Inoue, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Shigeru Makita
[Purpose] Pushing behavior is classically described as a disorder of body orientation in the coronal plane. Most interventions for pushing behavior have focused on correcting the deviation in vertical perception. However, pushing behavior seems to involve erroneous movements associated with excessive motor output by the non-paretic limbs and trunk. The present study aimed to inhibit muscular hyper-activity by placing the non-paretic limbs and trunk in the prone position. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of the present study were 3 acute stroke patients with severe pushing behavior...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Kazuyuki Shimada
Stroke is known to frequently recur in patients with a history of cerebrovascular disease, and the control of hypertension is extremely important for the treatment of those patients. The robust relationship between the recurrent cerebrovascular disease and blood pressure control has been demonstrated in large-scale clinical studies. The antihypertensive drug therapy significantly reduces the recurrence rate of all types of cerebrovascular disease, incidences of myocardial infarction and all vascular events...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Kyoung-Sim Jung, Jin-Hwa Jung, Tae-Sung In, Hwi-Young Cho
This study investigated the effects of weight-shifting exercise (WSE) combined with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), applied to the erector spinae and external oblique (EO) muscles, on muscle activity and trunk control in patients with hemiparetic stroke. Sixty patients with stroke were recruited to this study and randomly distributed into three treatment groups: (1) WSE + TENS, (2) WSE + placebo TENS, and (3) control. All participants underwent 30 sessions of training (30 minutes five times per week for 6 weeks) and received 1 hour of conventional physical therapy five times per week for 6 weeks...
December 2016: Occupational Therapy International
Kazuyuki Shimada
Stroke is known to frequently recur in patients with a history of cerebrovascular disease, and the control of hypertension is extremely important for the treatment of those patients. The robust relationship between the recurrent cerebrovascular disease and blood pressure control has been demonstrated in large-scale clinical studies. The antihypertensive drug therapy significantly reduces the recurrence rate of all types of cerebrovascular disease, incidences of myocardial infarction and all vascular events...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Andrés Soto-Varela, Arne Ernst, Juan Pedro Rubio-Rodríguez, Sofía Santos-Pérez, Ángel Sesar, Miguel Alberte-Woodward, Mónica Guijarro-Del Amo, Elena San Román-Rodríguez, Ana Faraldo-García, Alfonso Zubizarreta-Gutiérrez, Dietmar Basta
OBJECTIVE: Impaired balance in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) leads to loss of balance and frequent falls. Computerized dynamic posturography allows the assessment of stance tasks whereas mobile posturography analyzes the balance in free-field conditions, where falls among PD patients commonly occur (e.g. sitting down or standing up). The aim of the present study is to assess postural stability in PD patients with both techniques. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study...
October 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Dror Mevorach, Inna Reiner, Amir Grau, Uri Ilan, Yackov Berkun, Asaf Ta-Shma, Orly Elpeleg, Zamir Shorer, Simon Edvardson, Adi Tabib
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to report on the outcome of eculizumab treatment in pediatric patients with recurrent acute predominantly motor, demyelinating neuropathy with conduction block, and chronic hemolysis attributed to p.Cys89Tyr mutation in the CD59 gene. METHODS: Four patients were recruited from our new registry of patients with homozygosity for the p.Cys89Tyr mutation on CD59. Participants received repeated intravenous eculizumab. In this 24-month open-label phase IIa study, we aimed to determine whether eculizumab reduces chronic hemolysis, and cumulative doses of steroids and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), and ameliorates neurological deficits, compared to pretreatment status...
August 29, 2016: Annals of Neurology
Laura G Covill, Cynthia Utley, Cheryl Hochstein
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Older adults with balance deficits often fear falling and limit their mobility. Poor balance is multifactorial, influenced by medication interactions, musculoskeletal and sensory system changes, and poor neuromuscular response to changes in body positions. Aquatic physical therapy (APT) is an intervention used to improve balance and decrease falls. Ai Chi is a water-based exercise program. It incorporates slow movements of progressive difficulty utilizing the upper and lower extremities and trunk coordinated with deep breathing...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Gul Deniz Yilmaz Yelvar, Yasemin Çirak, Murat Dalkilinç, Yasemin Parlak Demir, Gul Baltaci, Mahmut Kömürcü, Gul Deniz Yilmaz Yelvar
BACKGROUND: Postural control allows performance of daily and sports activities. The previous studies show that postural sway inceases in orthopaedic injuries such as osteoarthritis and total knee arthroplasty. OBJECTIVE: To compare postural sway, risk of falling and function between individuals with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFS). METHODS: This study included 22 subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome, age-matched pain-free 22 females serving as a control group...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Kyoung Bo Lee, Seong Hoon Lim, Young Dong Kim, Byung Il Yang, Kyung Hoon Kim, Kang Sung Lee, Eun Ja Kim, Byong Yong Hwang
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to identify the contributions of balance to gait and motor function in chronic stroke. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three outpatients participated in a cross-sectional assessment. Gait ability was assessed using the functional ambulation category, self-paced 10-m walking speed, and fastest 10-m walking speed. Standing balance and trunk control measures included the Berg Balance Scale and the Trunk Impairment Scale. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed...
June 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
SeungHeon An, YoungJu Jee, HyeonHui Shin, GyuChang Lee
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the validity of the original version and short version of the Dynamic Gait Index (DGI-8 and DGI-4) in predicting falls in stroke survivors. DESIGN: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study. METHOD: This study collected data for 57 chronic stroke survivors, and evaluated the validity of the DGI-8 and DGI-4. To test functional ability, the Sit-to-Stand Test, gait subscale of the Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment, the 10-meter Walk Test, the Fugl-Meyer assessment, and the Trunk Impairment Scale were used...
June 9, 2016: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
H E Konak, S Kibar, E S Ergin
: Osteoporosis is a serious disease characterized by muscle weakness in the lower extremities, shortened length of trunk, and increased dorsal kyphosis leading to poor balance performance. Although balance impairment increases in adults with osteoporosis, falls and fall-related injuries have been shown to occur mainly during the dual-task performance. Several studies have shown that dual-task performance was improved with specific repetitive dual-task exercises. INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study were to compare the effect of single- and dual-task balance exercise programs on static balance, dynamic balance, and activity-specific balance confidence in adults with osteoporosis and to assess the effectiveness of dual-task balance training on gait speed under dual-task conditions...
May 27, 2016: Osteoporosis International
Jiska C E Kempen, Caroline A M Doorenbosch, Dirk L Knol, Vincent de Groot, Heleen Beckerman
BACKGROUND: Limited walking ability is an important problem for patients with multiple sclerosis. A better understanding of how gait impairments lead to limited walking ability may help to develop more targeted interventions. Although gait classifications are available in cerebral palsy and stroke, relevant knowledge in MS is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were: (1) to identify distinctive gait patterns in patients with MS based on a combined evaluation of kinematics, gait features, and muscle activity during walking and (2) to determine the clinical relevance of these gait patterns...
November 2016: Physical Therapy
Ettore Carlisi, Lucia Feltroni, Carmine Tinelli, Mariarosaria Verlotta, Paolo Gaetani, Elena Dalla Toffola
BACKGROUND: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) can have a negative impact on autonomy of the elderly. Ambulatory and functional status may remain limited despite successful surgical evacuation. AIM: To evaluate the outcome of a postoperative assisted rehabilitation program. DESIGN: Single-institution short-term observational study. SETTING: Inpatient (Neurosurgery Unit of a University Hospital). POPULATION: Thirty-five patients, aged 65 or older, who underwent burr-hole drainage for chronic subdural hematoma...
May 4, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Kyoung-Sim Jung, Hwi-Young Cho, Tae-Sung In
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of trunk exercises performed on an unstable surface on trunk muscle activation, postural control, and gait speed in stroke patients. [Subjects] Twenty-four participants with stroke were recruited in this study and randomly distributed into experimental (n = 12) and control groups (n = 12). [Methods] Subjects in the experimental group participated in trunk exercises on the balance pad for 30 min, five times a week for 4 weeks; those in the control group performed trunk exercises on a stable surface for 30 min, five times a week for 4 weeks...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Pil Neo Hwangbo, Kyoung Don Kim
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation neck pattern exercise on the ability to control the trunk and balance in chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 30 study subjects were selected and randomly divided into an experimental group of 15 subjects, who received the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation neck pattern exercise, and a control group of 15 subjects, who received a traditional rehabilitation treatment. [Results] Statistically significant changes in all the items of the Trunk Impairment Scale, the Trunk Impairment Scale total score, and the Berg Balance Scale were observed in both the experimental group and the control group...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"