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Trunk impairment scale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886507/ground-kayak-paddling-exercise-improves-postural-balance-muscle-performance-and-cognitive-function-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Wonjae Choi, Seungwon Lee
BACKGROUND Kayaking is an interesting and posturally challenging activity; however, kayaking may be limited by safety issues in older adults. The aim of this study was to determine whether ground kayak paddling (GKP) exercise can improve postural balance, muscle performance, and cognitive function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty participants were randomly allocated to a GKP group (n=30; mean age, 74 years) or a control group (n=30; mean age, 74 years). GKP exercise consisted 5 types of exercise protocols, including paddling and multi-directional reaching with repetitive trunk and upper-extremities movements, which was performed for 60 min twice a week for 6 weeks...
June 10, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848898/decreased-respiratory-muscle-function-is-associated-with-impaired-trunk-balance-among-chronic-stroke-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Kyeongbong Lee, Ji-Eun Cho, Dal-Yeon Hwang, WanHee Lee
The abdominal muscles play a role in trunk balance. Abdominal muscle thickness is asymmetrical in stroke survivors, who also have decreased respiratory muscle function. We compared the thickness of the abdominal muscles between the affected and less affected sides in stroke survivors. In addition, the relationship between respiratory muscle function and trunk balance was evaluated. Chronic stroke patients (18 men, 15 women; mean age, 58.94 ± 12.30 years; Mini-Mental Status Examination score ≥ 24) who could sit without assist were enrolled...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765184/the-effect-of-respiratory-exercise-on-trunk-control-pulmonary-function-and-trunk-muscle-activity-in-chronic-stroke-patients
#3
Dong-Kyu Lee, Se-Hun Kim
[Purpose] This study aims to identify the effect of respiratory exercise on trunk control, pulmonary function, and trunk muscle activity in chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The study included 24 chronic stroke patients who were randomly assigned, 12 each, to the experimental and control groups, and received neurodevelopmental treatment. Moreover, the experimental group underwent respiratory exercise. In each patient, the trunk control was measured using the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS); muscle activity of the trunk, through the surface electromyogram; and pulmonary function, using the pneumatometer...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765183/the-effect-of-chest-expansion-exercise-with-tens-on-gait-ability-and-trunk-control-in-chronic-stroke-patients
#4
Sin-Jun Park, Kyun-Hee Cho, Soon-Hee Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of chest expansion exercise with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on gait ability and trunk control of patient with stroke. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were divided into 7 in the chest expansion exercise with TENS group (experimental group) and 7 in the chest expansion exercise with placebo TENS (control group). The gait ability and trunk contol were measured using Six-Minute Walk Test, Tinetti gait index and Trunk impairment scale (TIS)...
May 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684980/clinical-measurement-tools-to-assess-trunk-performance-after-stroke-a-systematic-review
#5
Gregorio Sorrentino, Patrizio Sale, Claudio Solaro, Alessia Rabini, Cesare G Cerri, Giorgio Ferriero
INTRODUCTION: Stroke may result in decreased trunk muscle strength and limited trunk coordination, frequently determining loss of autonomy due to the trunk impairment. Furthermore, sitting balance has been repeatedly identified as an important predictor of motor and functional recovery after stroke. Given the importance of trunk it is therefore mandatory that validated tools be available to assess its performance. To perform a systematic review of clinical measurement tools to assess trunk performance after stroke...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674286/longitudinal-changes-over-thirty-six-months-in-postural-control-dynamics-and-cognitive-function-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#6
Annette Pantall, Silvia Del Din, Lynn Rochester
BACKGROUND: Postural instability is a common motor feature in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) together with non-motor features such as cognitive dysfunction. Management of postural instability is challenging as it is often resistant to dopaminergic therapy. Greater knowledge of postural control is essential to understand postural instability in PD. RESEARCH QUESTION: This study aimed to answer how postural control differs in people with PD compared to healthy older adults (HOA)...
May 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663838/discriminant-ability-and-criterion-validity-of-the-trunk-impairment-scale-for-cerebral-palsy
#7
Sílvia Leticia Pavão, Davi Adiwardana Maeda, Carolina Corsi, Mariana Martins Dos Santos, Carolina Souza N da Costa, Ana Carolina de Campos, Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha
AIMS: To compare the performance of children with mild and moderate-to-severe cerebral palsy (CP) on the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS), Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), and on center-of-pressure variables; to establish the discriminant ability of these tools to predict severity of motor impairment in CP; and to investigate the criterion validity of the TIS. METHODS: Children with mild (n = 18, 11 males, 7 females, mean age = 9.5 ± 2.9 years, Gross Motor Function Classification System I-II) and moderate-to-severe (n = 18, 11 males, 7 females, mean age = 9...
April 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658813/kinematic-upper-extremity-performance-in-people-with-near-or-fully-recovered-sensorimotor-function-after-stroke
#8
Gyrd Thrane, Katharina S Sunnerhagen, Hanna C Persson, Arve Opheim, Margit Alt Murphy
BACKGROUND: Clinical scales for upper extremity motor function may not capture improvement among higher functioning people with stroke. OBJECTIVE: To describe upper extremity kinematics in people with stroke who score within the upper 10% of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA-UE) and explore the ceiling effects of the FMA-UE. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was used. PARTICIPANTS: People with stroke were included from the Stroke Arm Longitudinal Study at University of Gothenburg together with 30 healthy controls...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652201/trunk-control-and-functionality-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#9
Gulce Kallem Seyyar, Bahar Aras, Ozgen Aras
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between trunk control in sitting and functionality in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Fifty-eight children with spastic CP were included in the study. Functional abilities were evaluated with the Gross Motor Function Measurement-88 (GMFM-88) and the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory Functional Skills domain (PEDI-FSD). Trunk control in sitting was tested with the Trunk Control Measurement Scale (TCMS) and the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS)...
April 13, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643587/relationship-of-white-matter-lesions-and-severity-of-pushing-behavior-after-stroke
#10
Yuji Fujino, Kazu Amimoto, Satoshi Sugimoto, Kazuhiro Fukata, Masahide Inoue, Akira Uchino, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Shigeru Makita
[Purpose] The relationship between white matter lesions (WMLs) and pushing behavior (PB) is still poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether damage from WMLs affects the functional outcome of PB after acute stroke. [Subjects and Methods] In total, 37 patients were included. PB was assessed using the standardized Scale for Contraversive Pushing (SCP). Stroke types were classified as total anterior circulation infarct (TACI), partial anterior circulation infarct (PACI), or lacunar syndrome using the Bamford classification...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562562/does-pisa-syndrome-affect-upper-limb-function-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-an-observational-cross-sectional-study
#11
Mohammad Alwardat, Giulia Di Lazzaro, Tommaso Schirinzi, Paola Sinibaldi Salime, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Antonio Pisani
BACKGROUND: Trunk alignment is thought to contribute to upper limb (UL) function. However, this common assumption is not clear in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD) suffering from Pisa syndrome (PS). PS is a postural abnormality, characterized by revisable lateral trunk flexion more than 10 degrees. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the UL functioning and activities of daily living in PD patients with PS. METHODS: Forty-five participants distributed equally in three groups PD patients with PS, PD patients without PS and age/sex matched healthy controls (HC)...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557687/passive-accessory-joint-mobilization-in-the-multimodal-management-of-chronic-dysesthesia-following-thalamic-stroke
#12
Kristina Griffin, Michael O'Hearn, Carla C Franck, Carol A Courtney
STUDY DESIGN: Case Report. PURPOSE: Stroke is the most common cause of long-term disability. Dysesthesia, an unpleasant sensory disturbance, is common following thalamic stroke and evidence-based interventions for this impairment are limited. The purpose of this case report was to describe a decrease in dysesthesia following manual therapy intervention in a patient with history of right lacunar thalamic stroke. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 66-year-old female presented with tingling and dysesthesia in left hemisensory distribution including left trunk and upper/lower extremities, limiting function...
March 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476713/best-core-stabilization-for-anticipatory-postural-adjustment-and-falls-in-hemiparetic-stroke
#13
Nam G Lee, Joshua Sung H You, Chung H Yi, Hye S Jeon, Bong S Choi, Dong R Lee, Jae M Park, Tae H Lee, In T Ryu, Hyun S Yoon
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of conventional core stabilization and dynamic neuromuscular stabilization (DNS) on anticipatory postural adjustment (APA) time, balance performance, and fear of falls in chronic hemiparetic stroke. DESIGN: Two-group randomized controlled trial with pretest-posttest design. SETTING: Hospital rehabilitation center. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with chronic hemiparetic stroke (N=28). INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomly divided into either conventional core stabilization (n=14) or DNS (n=14) groups...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361348/efficacy-of-trunk-regimes-on-balance-mobility-physical-function-and-community-reintegration-in-chronic-stroke-a-parallel-group-randomized-trial
#14
Suruliraj Karthikbabu, Mahabala Chakrapani, Sailakshmi Ganesan, Ratnavalli Ellajosyula, John M Solomon
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to examine the efficacy of plinth and Swiss ball-based trunk exercise regimes on balance, mobility, physical function, and community reintegration compared with standard physiotherapy in chronic stroke. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This observer-blinded parallel-group randomized trial was conducted in outpatient stroke units. People with chronic stroke aged between 30 and 75 years, first onset of unilateral cortical lesion, poor trunk performance, 10 m independent walking ability with or without walking aids, and absence of pusher syndrome were included...
April 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274726/dynamic-balance-is-related-to-physiological-impairments-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Alexander T Peebles, Adam P Bruetsch, Sharon G Lynch, Jessie M Huisinga
OBJECTIVES: To compare physiological impairments between persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) with a history of falls and persons with MS without a history of falls, and to investigate the association between physiological impairments and dynamic balance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Persons with MS (N=55; 27 recurrent fallers and 28 nonfallers). Participants were classified as fallers if they self-reported ≥2 falls in the previous 6 months...
December 22, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207820/relationship-between-trunk-control-and-balance-in-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Sivatejaa Panibatla, Vijaya Kumar, Amitesh Narayan
Introduction: Trunk control is impaired in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP) thus influencing their functional balance. However, there is a paucity of literature determining the relationship between trunk control and balance in children with CP. Aim: To find the relationship between trunk control and balance by means of Trunk Control Measurement Scale (TCMS) and Paediatric Balance Scale (PBS). Materials and Methods: Twenty four children {age range 8-14 years, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) Level I-III} with spastic CP were recruited and evaluated using TCMS and PBS...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200632/the-effect-of-the-inspiratory-muscle-training-on-functional-ability-in-stroke-patients
#17
Nam-Jin Jung, Sang-Su Na, Seung-Kyu Kim, Gak Hwangbo
[Purpose] This study was to find out an inspiratory muscle training (IMT) program therapeutic effects on stroke patients' functional ability. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty stroke patients were assigned to one of two groups: inspiratory muscle training (n=10), and control (n=10), randomization. The inspiratory muscle training participants undertook an exercise program for 30 minute per times, 5 times a week for 6 weeks. The investigator measured the patients' trunk impairment scale (TIS) and 6 minute walking test (6MW) for functional ability before and after IMT...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179033/validation-of-the-arm-profile-score-in-assessing-upper-limb-functional-impairments-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Federica Corona, Elisa Gervasoni, Giancarlo Coghe, Eleonora Cocco, Maurizio Ferrarin, Massimiliano Pau, Davide Cattaneo
BACKGROUND: Although upper limb (UL) impairments are widespread in people with Multiple Sclerosis (pwMS), there is limited quantitative evidence concerning their specific features. The aim of this study is to validate a synthetic measure based on kinematic data to define the degree of deviation from a physiologic pattern during the "hand to mouth" (HTM) task. METHODS: Twenty pwMS (mean age 51.2 SD 11.1) years, Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score in the range 2-6...
January 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098109/impact-of-spasticity-on-balance-control-during-quiet-standing-in-persons-after-stroke
#19
Reza Rahimzadeh Khiabani, George Mochizuki, Farooq Ismail, Chris Boulias, Chetan P Phadke, William H Gage
Background: Balance impairments, falls, and spasticity are common after stroke, but the effect of spasticity on balance control after stroke is not well understood. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, twenty-seven participants with stroke were divided into two groups, based on ankle plantar flexor spasticity level. Fifteen individuals with high spasticity (Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) score of ≥2) and 12 individuals with low spasticity (MAS score <2) completed quiet standing trials with eyes open and closed conditions...
2017: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944697/influence-of-trunk-control-and-lower-extremity-impairments-on-gait-capacity-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
Julia Balzer, Petra Marsico, Elena Mitteregger, Marietta L van der Linden, Thomas H Mercer, Hubertus J A van Hedel
PURPOSE: We investigated the combined impact of trunk control and lower extremities impairments on predicting gait capacity in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and evaluated relationships between trunk control and lower extremities impairments. METHODS: Data of 52 children with CP [29 boys, mean age 11 years 9 months (±4 years 6 months)] were included in this observational study. Gait capacity was measured by the "modified Time Up and Go test". Experienced therapists performed the "Modified Ashworth Scale", "Manual Muscle Test", the "Selective Control Assessment of the Lower Extremity", and the "Trunk Control Measurement Scale"...
September 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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