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Natural family planning methods

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833183/couple-beads-an-integrated-method-of-natural-family-planning
#1
George Mulcaire-Jones, Richard J Fehring, Megan Bradshaw, Karen Brower, Gonzaga Lubega, Paskazia Lubega
Various fertility indicators are used by natural family planning methods to identify the fertile and infertile phases of a woman's menstrual cycle: mucus observations, cycle-day probabilities, basal body temperature readings, and hormonal measures of LH and estrogen. Simplified NFP methods generally make use of a single fertility indicator such as cycle-day probabilities (Standard Days Method) or mucus observations (Billings Ovulation Method). The Couple Bead Method integrates the two simplest fertility indicators, cycle-day probabilities and mucus observations, expanding its applicability to all women, regardless of cycle regularity and length...
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783059/the-other-side-how-does-informed-choice-affect-induced-abortions-among-reproductive-age-immigrant-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Chuanning Yu, Junqing Wu, Yuyan Li, Ying Zhou, Rui Zhao, Honglei Ji, Yi-Ran Li, Ying Han, Qi Tong
This study attempted to explore how informed choice on contraceptive methods influenced induced abortions among reproductive-age immigrant women in China. A total of 3230 participants were recruited in Beijing, Shanghai, and Chongqing. Information on informed choice was collected by questionnaires. The annual incidence rate (spells) of induced abortions was 0.46 (1500/3230) among the participants. The sequence from the highest score to the lowest was long-term, short-term and natural contraceptive methods (p < 0...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701707/children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-their-families-a-future-view-of-nature-plus-nurture-and-new-technologies-for-comprehensive-language-intervention-strategies
#3
Mabel L Rice
Future perspectives on children with language impairments are framed from what is known about children with specific language impairment (SLI). A summary of the current state of services is followed by discussion of how these children can be overlooked and misunderstood and consideration of why it is so hard for some children to acquire language when it is effortless for most children. Genetic influences are highlighted, with the suggestion that nature plus nurture should be considered in present as well as future intervention approaches...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664103/development-of-a-mother-and-baby-unit-contraception-assessment-tool
#4
Chrishanthy Grace Jayarajah, Trudi Seneviratne
Unplanned pregnancies are a unique, yet significant risk factor in perinatal mental health. Our aim was to create an assessment tool to assess mother's views on contraception as part of the discharge planning process. We used a quantitative-qualitative approach. A clinician-guided questionnaire was completed by patients prior to their discharge from hospital and analysed using Microsoft Excel. Semi-structured interviews were used to explore views regarding family planning in greater depth. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim onto Microsoft Word...
September 23, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557025/-knowledge-of-nurses-and-incentive-strategies-for-family-participation-in-breastfeeding
#5
Rafaella Brandão Dias, Rita Narriman Silva de Oliveira Boery, Alba Benemérita Alves Vilela
This study sought to analyze the knowledge of nurses about the benefits of breastfeeding for the family and describe the inclusion of family involvement in health activities associated with breastfeeding. A qualitative, exploratory and descriptive study was conducted with 8 nurses in the municipality of Itapetinga in the state of Bahia in the first semester of 2014. Semi-structured interviews were used for data gathering and the thematic content analysis technique was used for processing the data. It was found that awareness of nurses about the benefits of breastfeeding for the family corresponds to the information released by the Ministry of Health and to the data found in the literature...
August 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535063/the-effect-of-a-drospirenone-containing-combined-oral-contraceptive-on-female-sexual-function-a-prospective-randomised-study
#6
Lina Čiaplinskienė, Birutė Žilaitienė, Rasa Verkauskienė, Rimantas Žalinkevičius, Žana Bumbulienė, Virginija Vanagienė, Johannes Bitzer
OBJECTIVES: The study investigated the effects on female sexual function of a progestogen-containing combined oral contraceptives (COCs) with an antiandrogenic profile taken in a continuous regimen. METHODS: In this prospective randomised single-institution study, 80 healthy women with a monogamous partner and an active sexual life were randomised into two groups for a period of 3 months. Women in the exposed group (n = 40) took a COCs containing 30 μg ethinylestradiol (EE) and 3 mg drospirenone (DRSP) in a 21/7 regimen...
October 2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401517/emerging-collaboration-between-palliative-care-specialists-and-mechanical-circulatory-support-teams-a-qualitative-study
#7
Alana Sagin, James N Kirkpatrick, Barbara A Pisani, Beth B Fahlberg, Annika L Sundlof, Nina R O'Connor
CONTEXT: Despite national requirements mandating collaboration between palliative care specialists and mechanical circulatory support (MCS) teams at institutions that place destination therapy ventricular assist devices (VAD-DT), little is known about the nature of those collaborations or outcomes for patients and families. OBJECTIVES: To assess how Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' (CMS) regulations have changed collaboration between palliative care and MCS teams, and how this collaboration is perceived by MCS team members...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382829/-pregnancy-contraception-current-care-guideline
#8
Mervi Halttunen-Nieminen, Terhi Piltonen, Heidi Alenius, Laura Apukka, Elise Kosunen, Kirsi Pietilä, Sinikka Sihvo, Piia Vuorela, Eija Väänänen, Tiina Yli-Kivistö
There are no age limits for the start or use of contraception. Prior gynecological examination or cervical smear is not needed. Condom is the only method that protects from sexually transmitted diseases. An increase in the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated only with combined contraceptives. However, the risk is remarkably higher with pregnancy, puerperium or with smoking. The most effective reversible methods are intrauterine devices (IUD) and implants, as these do not depend on daily memory...
2016: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374494/if-they-are-ok-we-are-ok-the-experience-of-partners-living-with-neuromyelitis-optica
#9
Kerry Mutch, Abigail Methley, Shahd Hamid, Perry Moore, Anu Jacob
AIM: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a rare neuro-inflammatory condition characterized by acute relapses causing severe visual or physical disability. The impact on family members and their experiences have not been studied. The study aims were to explore the lived experience of partners of people with NMO and to investigate potential carer burden in this population. METHOD: A mixed-method design was used; 11 partners of people with NMO completed semi-structured interviews; 54 partners completed Zarit Burden Interview and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
July 3, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274610/emergency-contraception-knowledge-and-practice-among-women-and-the-spouses-seeking-termination-of-pregnancy
#10
S K Kathpalia
BACKGROUND: India was one of the first countries to launch a formal family planning program. Initially, the main thrust of the program was on sterilization but subsequently it has got evolved and now the stress is to bring about awareness of contraception and make informed choices. Emergency contraception has been included in its armamentarium. This study was conducted to find out about the awareness among the cases who report for induced abortion. METHODS: A total of 784 willing cases were enrolled in the study; there were no exclusion criteria except unwillingness...
April 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206615/is-larc-for-everyone-a-qualitative-study-of-sociocultural-perceptions-of-family-planning-and-contraception-among-refugees-in-ethiopia
#11
Autumn S Davidson, Camille Fabiyi, Shiferaw Demissie, Hiwot Getachew, Melissa L Gilliam
Objective Ethiopia is home to an increasingly large refugee population. Reproductive health care is a critical issue for these groups because refugee women are at high risk for unmet family planning needs. Efforts to expand contraceptive use, particularly long acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods are currently underway in several Ethiopian refugee camps. Despite availability of LARC methods, few refugee women opt to use them. The purpose of this study was to explore how culture influences contraceptive attitudes and behaviors, particularly towards LARC methods, among Ethiopia's refugee populations...
May 20, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27027990/effects-of-the-2010-haiti-earthquake-on-women-s-reproductive-health
#12
Julia Andrea Behrman, Abigail Weitzman
This article explores the effects of the 2010 Haiti earthquake on women's reproductive health, using geocoded data from the 2005 and 2012 Haiti Demographic and Health Surveys. We use geographic variation in the destructiveness of the earthquake to conduct a difference-in-difference analysis. Results indicate that heightened earthquake intensity reduced use of injectables-the most widely used modern contraceptive method in Haiti-and increased current pregnancy and current unwanted pregnancy. Analysis of impact pathways suggests that severe earthquake intensity significantly increased women's unmet need for family planning and reduced their access to condoms...
March 2016: Studies in Family Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27005710/male-participation-in-family-planning-human-behaviour-perspective
#13
L R Joshi
BACKGROUND: Family planning (FP) is one of the major components of reproductive health and its goal is to prevent unwanted pregnancies and regulate wanted pregnancies, thereby ensuring the health of mothers and children. It also aims at regulating the population in order to maintain the vital balance between development and the environment. Ideally, FP depends on the efforts of a couple where the man and woman are equally responsible and accountable. In reality, however, this is not the case...
September 2015: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26912935/the-influence-of-contraception-abortion-and-natural-family-planning-on-divorce-rates-as-found-in-the-2006-2010-national-survey-of-family-growth
#14
Richard J Fehring
The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of contraception, abortion, and natural family planning (NFP) on divorce rates of US women of reproductive age. The variables of importance of religion and frequency of church attendance were also included in the analysis. The study involved 5,530 reproductive age women in the (2006-2010) National Survey of Family Growth who indicate that they were ever married. Among the women who ever used NFP only 9.6 percent were currently divorced compared with the 14...
August 2015: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26900216/acceptance-of-family-planning-methods-by-induced-abortion-seekers-an-observational-study-over-five-years
#15
S K Kathpalia
BACKGROUND: Prior to legalization of abortion, induced abortions were performed in an illegal manner and that resulted in many complications hence abortion was legalized in India in 1971 and the number of induced abortions has been gradually increasing since then. One way of preventing abortions is to provide family planning services to these abortion seekers so that same is not repeated. The study was performed to find out the acceptance of contraception after abortion. METHODS: A prospective study was performed over a period of five years from 2010 to 2014...
January 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26841331/differences-in-family-planning-services-by-rural-urban-geography-survey-of-title-x-supported-clinics-in-great-plains-and-midwestern-states
#16
Summer L Martins, Katherine A Starr, Wendy L Hellerstedt, Melissa L Gilliam
CONTEXT: Understanding the nature of rural-urban variation in U.S. family planning services would help address disparities in unmet contraceptive need. METHODS: In 2012, some 558 Title X-supported clinics in 16 Great Plains and Midwestern states were surveyed. Rural-urban commuting area (RUCA) codes were used to categorize clinic locations as urban, large rural city, small rural town or isolated small rural town. Bivariate analyses examined key domains of service provision by RUCA category and clinic type...
March 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26715298/a-method-for-genotyping-elite-breeding-stocks-of-leaf-chicory-cichorium-intybus-l-by-assaying-mapped-microsatellite-marker-loci
#17
Andrea Ghedina, Giulio Galla, Thierry Cadalen, Jean-Louis Hilbert, Silvano Tiozzo Caenazzo, Gianni Barcaccia
BACKGROUND: Leaf chicory (Cichorium intybus subsp. intybus var. foliosum L.) is a diploid plant species (2n = 18) of the Asteraceae family. The term "chicory" specifies at least two types of cultivated plants: a leafy vegetable, which is highly differentiated with respect to several cultural types, and a root crop, whose current industrial utilization primarily addresses the extraction of inulin or the production of a coffee substitute. The populations grown are generally represented by local varieties (i...
2015: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26681235/relationship-between-the-self-rating-anxiety-scale-score-and-the-success-rate-of-64-slice-computed-tomography-coronary-angiography
#18
Hui Li, Dan Jin, Fang Qiao, Jianchang Chen, Jianping Gong
OBJECTIVE: Computed tomography coronary angiography, a key method for obtaining coronary artery images, is widely used to screen for coronary artery diseases due to its noninvasive nature. In China, 64-slice computed tomography systems are now the most common models. As factors that directly affect computed tomography performance, heart rate and rhythm control are regulated by the autonomic nervous system and are highly related to the emotional state of the patient. The aim of this prospective study is to use a pre-computed tomography scan Self-Rating Anxiety Scale assessment to analyze the effects of tension and anxiety on computed tomography coronary angiography success...
2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26677961/monitoring-of-ovarian-activity-by-measurement-of-urinary-excretion-rates-using-the-ovarian-monitor-part-iv-the-relationship-of-the-pregnanediol-glucuronide-threshold-to-basal-body-temperature-and-cervical-mucus-as-markers-for-the-beginning-of-the-post-ovulatory
#19
Leonard F Blackwell, Pilar Vigil, María Elena Alliende, Simon Brown, Mario Festin, Delwyn G Cooke
STUDY QUESTION: Do the basal body temperature (BBT) shift and the cervical mucus markers for the beginning of the post-ovulatory infertile phase (POIP) of a menstrual cycle agree with the corresponding urinary pregnanediol glucuronide (PdG) threshold value? SUMMARY ANSWER: Perfect agreement between the cervical mucus markers and BBT shift and the hormonal definition of the start of post-ovulatory infertility occurred for only 7-17% of the cycles. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The PdG threshold of 7...
February 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26643491/interventions-to-improve-postpartum-family-planning-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-program-implications-and-research-priorities
#20
REVIEW
John Cleland, Iqbal H Shah, Marina Daniele
This article provides programmatic guidance and identifies future research priorities through a review of interventions to improve postpartum contraception. Thirty-five interventions in low- and middle-income countries were identified and classified according to timing and nature of administration: antenatal, postnatal, both ante- and postnatal, and integration with other services. With the exception of single, short antenatal interventions, the evidence of impact is positive but incomplete. A major gap in knowledge concerns demand for, and means of promoting, immediate postpartum family planning services in Asia and Africa...
December 2015: Studies in Family Planning
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