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Natural family planning methods

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619034/evaluation-of-two-intervention-models-on-contraceptive-attitudes-and-behaviors-among-nulliparous-women-in-shanghai-china-a-clustered-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Yuan He, Ning Zhang, Jue Wang, Na He, Yan Du, Jing-Xin Ding, Ying Zhang, Xiao-Tian Li, Jian Huang, Ke-Qin Hua
BACKGROUND: With increasing acceptance of premarital sex among young Chinese women, the rates of unintended pregnancies and induced abortions are becoming alarmingly high, suggesting the needs of educating women with adequate contraceptive knowledge and providing them with accessible contraceptive services. Previous studies have shown that knowledge and attitudes towards contraception could be modified through intervention strategies. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of two community intervention models on modifying contraceptive attitudes and behaviors among nulliparous women...
June 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613174/mulog-or-how-to-apply-gaussian-denoisers-to-multi-channel-sar-speckle-reduction
#2
Charles-Alban Deledalle, Loic Denis, Sonia Tabti, Florence Tupin
Speckle reduction is a longstanding topic in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging. Since most current and planned SAR imaging satellites operate in polarimetric, interferometric or tomographic modes, SAR images are multi-channel and speckle reduction techniques must jointly process all channels to recover polarimetric and interferometric information. The distinctive nature of SAR signal (complex-valued, corrupted by multiplicative fluctuations) calls for the development of specialized methods for speckle reduction...
June 8, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592445/lymphocyte-galactocerebrosidase-activity-by-lc-ms-ms-for-post-newborn-screening-evaluation-of-krabbe-disease
#3
Hsuan-Chieh Liao, Zdenek Spacil, Farideh Ghomashchi, Maria L Escolar, Joanne Kurtzberg, Joseph J Orsini, Frantisek Turecek, C Ronald Scott, Michael H Gelb
BACKGROUND: Deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme galactosylcerebrosidase (GALC) causes Krabbe disease. Newborn screening for Krabbe disease is ongoing, but improved methods for follow-up analysis of screen-positive babies are needed to better advise families and to optimize treatment. We report a new assay for the enzymatic activity of GALC in lymphocytes. METHODS: T lymphocytes were isolated from venous blood by magnetic bead technology. The assay used a close structural analog of the natural substrate and LC-MS/MS to quantify the amount of product with the aid of a chemically identical internal standard...
June 7, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552191/measuring-geographical-accessibility-to-rural-and-remote-health-care-services-challenges-and-considerations
#4
Tayyab Ikram Shah, Stephan Milosavljevic, Brenna Bath
This research is focused on methodological challenges and considerations associated with the estimation of the geographical aspects of access to healthcare with a focus on rural and remote areas. With the assumption that GIS-based accessibility measures for rural healthcare services will vary across geographic units of analysis and estimation techniques, which could influence the interpretation of spatial access to rural healthcare services. Estimations of geographical accessibility depend on variations of the following three parameters: 1) quality of input data; 2) accessibility method; and 3) geographical area...
June 2017: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546668/tale-of-the-tails-the-missing-postpartum-iucd-strings
#5
Sujnanendra Mishra
INTRODUCTION: Using an intrauterine device (IUD) is many times safer than pregnancy and more effective in preventing pregnancy than oral contraceptives, condoms, spermicidal, any barrier method, or natural family planning. Benefits of healthy timing and spacing of pregnancy are many. Postpartum contraception is becoming popular after introduction of PPIUCD services. OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence, management, clinical outcome of missing strings cases in post-placental and intra-cesarean IUCD...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514522/use-of-reversible-contraceptive-methods-among-u-s-women-with-physical-or-sensory-disabilities
#6
Justine P Wu, Kimberly S McKee, Michael M McKee, Michelle A Meade, Melissa A Plegue, Ananda Sen
CONTEXT: Women with disabilities experience a higher rate of adverse pregnancy outcomes than women without disabilities. Preventing or delaying pregnancy when that is the best choice for a woman is a critical strategy to reducing pregnancy-related disparities, yet little is known about current contraceptive use among women with disabilities. METHODS: A cohort of 545 reproductive-age women with physical disabilities (i.e., difficulty walking, climbing, dressing or bathing) or sensory disabilities (i...
May 17, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442189/exploring-how-residents-who-partially-participate-in-family-planning-training-determine-their-level-of-participation
#7
Jema K Turk, Felisa Preskill, Alecia Fields, Uta Landy, Jody E Steinauer
OBJECTIVES: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires that obstetrics and gynecology residency programs provide access to abortion training, though residents may elect to opt out of participating due to religious or moral objections. While clinical benefits of partial participation have previously been explored, our study aimed to explore how residents navigate partial participation in abortion training and determine their limits. STUDY DESIGN: This study was qualitative in nature...
April 22, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349048/use-of-natural-family-planning-nfp-and-its-effect-on-couple-relationships-and-sexual-satisfaction-a-multi-country-survey-of-nfp-users-from-us-and-europe
#8
Matthias Unseld, Elisabeth Rötzer, Roman Weigl, Eva K Masel, Michael D Manhart
PURPOSE: Birth control is a persistent global health concern. Natural family planning (NFP) comprises methods to achieve or avoid pregnancy independent of mechanical or pharmacological intervention. The sympto-thermal method (STM) of NFP employs daily observation of cervical fluids and measurement of basal body temperature. This multi-country study was undertaken to describe the characteristics of STM users, understand their perceptions of NFP, and its perceived impact on relationships...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048510/su-f-t-499-anatomic-features-for-selection-of-electronic-tissue-compensation-radiotherapy-in-early-stage-breast-cancer-patients-after-breast-conserving-surgery
#9
Y Song, M Zhang, N Yue, L Gan, X Chen, T Zhang, G Ren
PURPOSE: To explore the correlations between anatomic features and dose-volumetric parameters in 3DCRT and eComp whole breast irradiation and identify the feasibility of anatomic parameters to predict the planning method selection. METHODS: We compared the effectiveness between conventional three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) and electronic tissue compensation (eComp) for whole breast irradiation. 3DCRT and eComp planning techniques were used to generate treatment plans for 60 whole breast patients, respectively...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927243/traditional-mapuche-ecological-knowledge-in-patagonia-argentina-fishes-and-other-living-beings-inhabiting-continental-waters-as-a-reflection-of-processes-of-change
#10
Juana Aigo, Ana Ladio
BACKGROUND: Understanding how people interpret environmental change and develop practices in response to such change is essential to comprehend human resource use. In the cosmology of the American indigenous peoples, as among the Mapuche people, freshwater systems are considered a living entity, where animals have an enormous role to play in the universe of meaning. However, human adaptive responses to freshwater system dynamics are scarcely examined. In this work a survey is carried out in three Mapuche communities of Argentine Patagonia to assess their traditional knowledge of the fishes and other non-human living beings that inhabit lakes and rivers...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926599/effectiveness-of-a-natural-family-planning-service-program
#11
Richard J Fehring, Mary Schneider
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to determine and compare extended use-effectiveness of an online nurse-managed fertility education service program among women (and subgroups of women) seeking to avoid pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a 24-month prospective study of a university-based online Web site with 663 nonbreastfeeding women using an online charting system to avoid pregnancy. Participants tracked their fertility online with either cervical mucus monitoring, electronic hormonal fertility monitoring, or both fertility indicators...
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833183/couple-beads-an-integrated-method-of-natural-family-planning
#12
George Mulcaire-Jones, Richard J Fehring, Megan Bradshaw, Karen Brower, Gonzaga Lubega, Paskazia Lubega
Various fertility indicators are used by natural family planning methods to identify the fertile and infertile phases of a woman's menstrual cycle: mucus observations, cycle-day probabilities, basal body temperature readings, and hormonal measures of LH and estrogen. Simplified NFP methods generally make use of a single fertility indicator such as cycle-day probabilities (Standard Days Method) or mucus observations (Billings Ovulation Method). The Couple Bead Method integrates the two simplest fertility indicators, cycle-day probabilities and mucus observations, expanding its applicability to all women, regardless of cycle regularity and length...
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783059/the-other-side-how-does-informed-choice-affect-induced-abortions-among-reproductive-age-immigrant-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Chuanning Yu, Junqing Wu, Yuyan Li, Ying Zhou, Rui Zhao, Honglei Ji, Yi-Ran Li, Ying Han, Qi Tong
This study attempted to explore how informed choice on contraceptive methods influenced induced abortions among reproductive-age immigrant women in China. A total of 3230 participants were recruited in Beijing, Shanghai, and Chongqing. Information on informed choice was collected by questionnaires. The annual incidence rate (spells) of induced abortions was 0.46 (1500/3230) among the participants. The sequence from the highest score to the lowest was long-term, short-term and natural contraceptive methods (p < 0...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701707/children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-their-families-a-future-view-of-nature-plus-nurture-and-new-technologies-for-comprehensive-language-intervention-strategies
#14
Mabel L Rice
Future perspectives on children with language impairments are framed from what is known about children with specific language impairment (SLI). A summary of the current state of services is followed by discussion of how these children can be overlooked and misunderstood and consideration of why it is so hard for some children to acquire language when it is effortless for most children. Genetic influences are highlighted, with the suggestion that nature plus nurture should be considered in present as well as future intervention approaches...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664103/development-of-a-mother-and-baby-unit-contraception-assessment-tool
#15
Chrishanthy Grace Jayarajah, Trudi Seneviratne
Unplanned pregnancies are a unique, yet significant risk factor in perinatal mental health. Our aim was to create an assessment tool to assess mother's views on contraception as part of the discharge planning process. We used a quantitative-qualitative approach. A clinician-guided questionnaire was completed by patients prior to their discharge from hospital and analysed using Microsoft Excel. Semi-structured interviews were used to explore views regarding family planning in greater depth. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim onto Microsoft Word...
September 23, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557025/-knowledge-of-nurses-and-incentive-strategies-for-family-participation-in-breastfeeding
#16
Rafaella Brandão Dias, Rita Narriman Silva de Oliveira Boery, Alba Benemérita Alves Vilela
This study sought to analyze the knowledge of nurses about the benefits of breastfeeding for the family and describe the inclusion of family involvement in health activities associated with breastfeeding. A qualitative, exploratory and descriptive study was conducted with 8 nurses in the municipality of Itapetinga in the state of Bahia in the first semester of 2014. Semi-structured interviews were used for data gathering and the thematic content analysis technique was used for processing the data. It was found that awareness of nurses about the benefits of breastfeeding for the family corresponds to the information released by the Ministry of Health and to the data found in the literature...
August 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535063/the-effect-of-a-drospirenone-containing-combined-oral-contraceptive-on-female-sexual-function-a-prospective-randomised-study
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lina Čiaplinskienė, Birutė Žilaitienė, Rasa Verkauskienė, Rimantas Žalinkevičius, Žana Bumbulienė, Virginija Vanagienė, Johannes Bitzer
OBJECTIVES: The study investigated the effects on female sexual function of a progestogen-containing combined oral contraceptives (COCs) with an antiandrogenic profile taken in a continuous regimen. METHODS: In this prospective randomised single-institution study, 80 healthy women with a monogamous partner and an active sexual life were randomised into two groups for a period of 3 months. Women in the exposed group (n = 40) took a COCs containing 30 μg ethinylestradiol (EE) and 3 mg drospirenone (DRSP) in a 21/7 regimen...
October 2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401517/emerging-collaboration-between-palliative-care-specialists-and-mechanical-circulatory-support-teams-a-qualitative-study
#18
Alana Sagin, James N Kirkpatrick, Barbara A Pisani, Beth B Fahlberg, Annika L Sundlof, Nina R O'Connor
CONTEXT: Despite national requirements mandating collaboration between palliative care specialists and mechanical circulatory support (MCS) teams at institutions that place destination therapy ventricular assist devices (VAD-DT), little is known about the nature of those collaborations or outcomes for patients and families. OBJECTIVES: To assess how Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' (CMS) regulations have changed collaboration between palliative care and MCS teams, and how this collaboration is perceived by MCS team members...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382829/-pregnancy-contraception-current-care-guideline
#19
Mervi Halttunen-Nieminen, Terhi Piltonen, Heidi Alenius, Laura Apukka, Elise Kosunen, Kirsi Pietilä, Sinikka Sihvo, Piia Vuorela, Eija Väänänen, Tiina Yli-Kivistö
There are no age limits for the start or use of contraception. Prior gynecological examination or cervical smear is not needed. Condom is the only method that protects from sexually transmitted diseases. An increase in the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated only with combined contraceptives. However, the risk is remarkably higher with pregnancy, puerperium or with smoking. The most effective reversible methods are intrauterine devices (IUD) and implants, as these do not depend on daily memory...
2016: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374494/if-they-are-ok-we-are-ok-the-experience-of-partners-living-with-neuromyelitis-optica
#20
Kerry Mutch, Abigail Methley, Shahd Hamid, Perry Moore, Anu Jacob
AIM: Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a rare neuro-inflammatory condition characterized by acute relapses causing severe visual or physical disability. The impact on family members and their experiences have not been studied. The study aims were to explore the lived experience of partners of people with NMO and to investigate potential carer burden in this population. METHOD: A mixed-method design was used; 11 partners of people with NMO completed semi-structured interviews; 54 partners completed Zarit Burden Interview and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
July 3, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
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