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Natural family planning methods

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629385/barriers-to-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-hypertension-a-qualitative-study
#1
Arash Najimi, Firoozeh Mostafavi, Gholamreza Sharifirad, Parastoo Golshiri
INTRODUCTION: Barriers to medication adherence in patients with hypertension can have significant differences that made researchers confute to conclude that medication adherence is required to be more explored, and then, beneficial interventions develop to decrease these barriers. Thus, the current study was aimed to identify barriers to adherence in Iranian society. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative content analysis was carried out. Participants were as follow: Patients with hypertension who had clinic records in the health centers of Isfahan University of Medical Science...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553474/preventing-pregnancy-in-kenya-through-distribution-and-use-of-the-cyclebeads-mobile-application
#2
Victoria Shelus, Nicki Ashcroft, Sarah Burgess, Monica Giuffrida, Victoria Jennings
CONTEXT: Given the proportion of Kenyan women not using hormonal contraceptives, the country appears to have a substantial need for a modern, natural family planning option. The CycleBeads® mobile phone application (app), a digital platform for the Standard Days Method® of family planning, could help address this issue. METHODS: After the CycleBeads app was promoted in Kenya in May-June 2015, a three-month pilot study was conducted to collect quantitative and qualitative data from 185 female app users...
September 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489529/finding-the-fertile-phase-low-cost-luteinizing-hormone-sticks-versus-electronic-fertility-monitor
#3
Mary Lee Barron, Kaitlin Vanderkolk, Kathleen Raviele
PURPOSE: To investigate if generic Wondfo ovulation sticks (WLH) are sufficiently sensitive to the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge in urine when used with the Marquette Fertility Algorithm. The electronic hormonal fertility monitor (EHFM) is highly accurate in detecting the LH surge but cost of the monitor and the accompanying test sticks has increased over the last several years. The EHFM is sensitive to detect the LH surge at milli-international units per milliliter (mIU/mL); the WLH sticks are slightly less sensitive at 25 mIU/mL...
February 27, 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451829/survivor-notification-of-post-disaster-mental-health-services-an-integrative-review
#4
Joanne C Langan, Mary M Krieger
This integrative review identifies notification methods for psychiatric mental health services for adult survivors of natural disasters for articles published from 2011 through 2016. Databases searched included Scopus, Cochrane Library, CINAHL Plus, Ovid MEDLINE, and Ovid PsycINFO. The search was limited to English language. Initially, 273 titles/abstracts were reviewed, and 18 articles were retained for synthesis. Communication occurs through formal means of health care provider referrals and online programs (72%); informal supports are friends, family and clergy (28%)...
February 16, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384239/awareness-and-use-of-family-planning-methods-among-itaukei-women-in-fiji-and-new-zealand
#5
Radilaite Cammock, Patricia Priest, Sarah Lovell, Peter Herbison
OBJECTIVE: iTaukei women's awareness and practice of family planning methods was investigated in New Zealand and Fiji to ascertain differences in behaviour within the context of changing developmental settings. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in nature and recruited women aged 18 years and over from three suburbs in Suva, Fiji, and five cities in New Zealand. RESULTS: Overall, 352 women participated in the study, 212 in Fiji and 140 in New Zealand...
January 31, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377757/contraceptive-method-use-and-chlamydia-positivity-among-california-family-planning-clients-the-case-for-new-multipurpose-prevention-technologies
#6
Lauren A Hunter, Lauren Nelson, Joan M Chow, Bethany Young Holt, Heidi M Bauer
BACKGROUND: Adolescent girls and young women experience high rates of sexually transmitted infection (STI) with currently available contraceptive methods, yet few studies examine the burden of chlamydial infection by contraceptive method used. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis, we linked July 2012-June 2013 claims from a publicly-funded family planning program in California to chlamydia laboratory test results. Female clients were classified by the most effective contraceptive method reported by providers during the year: tier 1 (high-efficacy permanent or long-acting reversible methods), tier 2 (shorter-acting hormonal methods), or tier 3 (barrier methods, emergency contraception, or natural family planning)...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366396/assessment-and-response-to-intimate-partner-violence-in-home-visitation-a-qualitative-needs-assessment-with-home-visitors-in-a-statewide-program
#7
Danielle M Davidov, Jessica Coffman, Angela Dyer, Thomas K Bias, Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Michael J Mann, Emily Vasile, Christiaan G Abildso
There is growing recognition that home visitation programs serving at-risk families may be an appropriate mechanism for detecting and reducing intimate partner violence (IPV). More research is needed about how home visitors assess and respond to IPV, especially in rural and underserved areas with unique social and geographic challenges. This study describes the qualitative, needs assessment phase of a larger mixed-methods evaluation of IPV assessment, referral processes, and safety planning with clients within a statewide home visitation program...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246258/palliative-care-and-the-arts-vehicles-to-introduce-medical-students-to-patient-centred-decision-making-and-the-art-of-caring
#8
Carlos Centeno, Carole Robinson, Antonio Noguera-Tejedor, María Arantzamendi, Fernando Echarri, José Pereira
BACKGROUND: Medical Schools are challenged to improve palliative care education and to find ways to introduce and nurture attitudes and behaviours such as empathy, patient-centred care and wholistic care. This paper describes the curriculum and evaluation results of a unique course centred on palliative care decision-making but aimed at introducing these other important competencies as well. METHODS: The 20 h-long optional course, presented in an art museum, combined different learning methods, including reflections on art, case studies, didactic sessions, personal experiences of faculty, reflective trigger videos and group discussions...
December 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114263/the-current-status-and-factors-associated-with-implanon-service-provision-by-the-health-extension-workers-at-the-health-post-level-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ketsela Desalegn, Eskindir Loha, Mengistu Meskele
Objective: Family Planning is often taken as one of the "Magic Bullet" interventions owing to its high impact and wide reaching nature in achieving multiple goals. This study aimed to assess the current status and the factors associated with health post level Implanon service provision through trained health extension workers in Wolaita zone, southern Ethiopia. Materials and methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among trained health extension workers in Wolaita zone in February 2013. A simple random sampling technique was used to identify a total of 285 trained HEWs...
March 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113532/the-grounded-theory-of-trust-building
#10
Monir Ramezani, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Eesa Mohammadi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing importance of spiritual care, the delivery of spiritual care is still an area of disagreement among healthcare providers. OBJECTIVE: To develop a grounded theory about spiritual care delivery based on Iranian nurses' perceptions and experiences. A grounded theory approach: A qualitative study using the grounded theory approach. Participants and research context: Data were collected through holding 27 interviews with 25 participants (17 staff nurses, 3 physicians, 3 patients, 1 family member, and 1 nurse assistant)...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096410/review-of-education-focused-health-impact-assessments-conducted-in-the-united-states
#11
Lauren N Gase, Amelia R DeFosset, Maxim Gakh, Celia Harris, Susan R Weisman, Andrew L Dannenberg
BACKGROUND: Health impact assessment (HIA) provides a structured process for examining the potential health impacts of proposed policies, plans, programs, and projects. This study systematically reviewed HIAs conducted in the United States on prekindergarten, primary, and secondary education-focused decisions. METHODS: Relevant HIA reports were identified from web sources in late 2015. Key data elements were abstracted from each report. Four case studies were selected to highlight diversity of topics, methods, and impacts of the assessment process...
December 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043709/estimation-of-day-specific-probabilities-of-conception-during-natural-cycle-in-women-from-babylon
#12
Hanan Al-Taee, Ban J Edan
Background: Identifying predictors of the probabilities of conception related to the timing and frequency of intercourse in the menstrual cycle is essential for couples attempting pregnancy, users of natural family planning methods, and clinicians diagnosing for possible causes of infertility. The aim of this study is to estimate the days in which the likelihood of conception happened by using first trimester ultrasound fetal biometry in natural cycles and spontaneous pregnancy, and to explore some factors that may affect them...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038071/contraceptive-method-use-in-the-united-states-trends-and-characteristics-between-2008-2012-and-2014
#13
Megan L Kavanaugh, Jenna Jerman
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine levels of, correlates of and changes in the use of individual and grouped methods of contraception among US females aged 15-44 from 2008 to 2014. STUDY DESIGN: Using three rounds of the National Survey of Family Growth, we analyzed samples of 12,279 (2008), 5601 (2012) and 5699 (2014) females. We conducted simple and multivariable logistic regression analyses to identify associations between demographic characteristics and contraceptive use, as well as between characteristics and changes in use patterns...
January 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944223/enrollment-childbearing-motivations-and-intentions-of-couples-in-the-creighton-model-effectiveness-intentions-and-behaviors-assessment-ceiba-study
#14
Joseph B Stanford, Christina A Porucznik
CONTEXT: The Creighton Model FertilityCare(TM) System (CrM) is a standardized approach for educating women about the biomarkers of their fertility. Couples can use this information for timing intercourse during "fertile" or "infertile" days in order to try to conceive or to avoid pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: The study of Creighton Model Effectiveness, Intentions, and Behaviors Assessment (CEIBA) was conducted to assess fertility motivations, intentions, fertility-related sexual behaviors, and their impact on effectiveness to avoid and to conceive among new users of the CrM...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925878/genistein-induces-alterations-of-epigenetic-modulatory-signatures-in-human-cervical-cancer-cells
#15
Madhumitha Kedhari Sundaram, Mohammad Zeeshan Ansari, Abdullah Al Mutery, Maryam Ashraf, Reem Nasab, Sheethal Rai, Naushad Rais, Arif Hussain
Introduction Epidemiological studies indicate that diet rich in fruits and vegetables are associated with decreased cancer risk thereby indicating that dietary polyphenols can be potential chemo-preventive agents. The reversible nature of epigenetic modifications makes them a favorable target for cancer prevention. Polyphenols have been shown to reverse aberrant epigenetic patterns by targeting the regulatory enzymes, DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs). In vitro and in silico studies of DNMTs and HDACs were planned to examine genistein's role as a natural epigenetic modifier in human cervical cancer cells, HeLa...
September 18, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902245/tooth-resorptions-are-not-hereditary
#16
Alberto Consolaro, Débora de Almeida Bianco
Root resorptions caused by orthodontic movement are not supported by consistent scientific evidence that correlate them with heredity, individual predisposition and genetic or familial susceptibility. Current studies are undermined by methodological and interpretative errors, especially regarding the diagnosis and measurements of root resorption from orthopantomographs and cephalograms. Samples are heterogeneous insofar as they comprise different clinical operators, varied types of planning, and in insufficient number, in view of the prevalence of tooth resorptions in the population...
July 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874157/male-involvement-in-maternal-healthcare-through-community-based-health-planning-and-services-the-views-of-the-men-in-rural-ghana
#17
Bassoumah Bougangue, How Kee Ling
BACKGROUND: The need to promote maternal health in Ghana has committed the government to extend maternal healthcare services to the door steps of rural families through the community-based Health Planning and Services. Based on the concerns raised in previous studies that male spouses were indifferent towards maternal healthcare, this study sought the views of men on their involvement in maternal healthcare in their respective communities and at the household levels in the various Community-based Health Planning and Services zones in Awutu-Senya West District in the Central Region of Ghana...
September 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861408/a-latent-markov-model-with-covariates-to-study-unobserved-heterogeneity-among-fertility-patterns-of-couples-employing-natural-family-planning-methods
#18
Fulvia Pennoni, Michele Barbato, Serena Del Zoppo
PURPOSE: We use the historical data from the European Study of Daily Fecundability and we develop an algorithm to determine the fertile window in a woman's cycle according to the rules of the C.A.Me.N. symptothermal method proposed by the Centro Ambrosiano Metodi Naturali. Our aim is to identify variables acting on the probability of conception by considering the fertile window and factors that cannot be explained by employing the observed covariates of individuals and couples. METHODS: We adopt the latent Markov model with covariates tailored for data collected at times when a latent process detects the dependence across fertile periods of each woman's cycle...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758375/all-bereaved-parents-are-entitled-to-good-care-after-stillbirth-a-mixed-methods-multicentre-study-insight
#19
D Siassakos, S Jackson, K Gleeson, C Chebsey, A Ellis, C Storey
OBJECTIVE: To understand challenges in care after stillbirth and provide tailored solutions. DESIGN: Multi-centre case study. SETTING: Three maternity hospitals. POPULATION: Parents with a stillborn baby, maternity staff. METHODS: Thematic analysis of parent interviews and staff focus groups and service provision investigation. OUTCOMES: 1 Themes; 2 Triangulation matrix; 3 Recommendations...
January 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706369/improving-the-knowledge-and-attitude-on-standard-days-method-of-family-planning-through-a-promotional-program-among-indian-postgraduate-students
#20
Philby Babu Menachery, Judith Angelitta Noronha, Sweety Fernanades
INTRODUCTION: The 'Standard Days Method' is a fertility awareness-based method of family planning that identifies day 8 through day 19 of the menstrual cycle as fertile days during which a woman is likely to conceive with unprotected intercourse. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of a promotional program on the 'Standard Days Method' in terms of improving the knowledge scores and attitude scores. DESIGN: A pre-experimental one-group pretest-posttest research design was adopted...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
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