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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785169/non-prescription-dispensing-of-emergency-oral-contraceptives-recommendations-from-the-german-federal-chamber-of-pharmacists-bundesapothekerkammer
#1
Martin Schulz, Ralf Goebel, Claudia Schumann, Petra Zagermann-Muncke
BACKGROUND: Emergency hormonal contraceptives (EHC) are contraceptives used to prevent unintended pregnancy following unprotected sexual intercourse (USI) or contraceptive failure. The EHCs available without a prescription include medicines containing levonorgestrel (LNG) in more than 80 countries and, recently, based on an EU-switch ellaOne®, which contains ulipristal acetate (UPA). EHCs work by stopping or delaying ovulation. Those containing LNG can be used up to 72 hours after USI or contraceptive failure, while UPA can be used up to 120 hours...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710196/women-s-contraceptive-preference-use-mismatch
#2
Katherine He, Vanessa K Dalton, Melissa K Zochowski, Kelli Stidham Hall
BACKGROUND: Family planning research has not adequately addressed women's preferences for different contraceptive methods and whether women's contraceptive experiences match their preferences. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Women's Healthcare Experiences and Preferences Study, an Internet survey of 1,078 women aged 18-55 randomly sampled from a national probability panel. Survey items assessed women's preferences for contraceptive methods, match between methods preferred and used, and perceived reasons for mismatch...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704541/user-characteristics-experiences-and-continuation-rates-of-copper-intrauterine-device-use-in-a-cohort-of-australian-women
#3
Deborah Bateson, Caroline Harvey, Lieu Trinh, Mary Stewart, Kirsten I Black
BACKGROUND: Copper intrauterine device (Cu-IUD) use in Australia is low despite being a highly effective, cost effective non-hormonal contraceptive with reported 12-month continuation rates of 85% compared to 59% for oral contraception. AIMS: To describe the characteristics of Cu-IUD users in the Australian context, their experiences of side effects, continuation rates and reasons for discontinuation. METHODS: Between August 2009 and January 2012 we undertook a prospective cohort study of consecutive women presenting for Cu-IUD insertion to three family planning clinics in Queensland and New South Wales...
December 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697140/individual-fertility-assessment-and-counselling-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#4
Kathrine Birch Petersen
The overall aim of this thesis was to validate the new concept of the Fertility Assessment and Counselling (FAC) Clinic at Rigshospitalet. The intention was to: explore the prognostic value of fertility risk factors by a risk score and provide an estimate of female fecundity, to quantify the impact of oral contraception (OC) on ovarian reserve parameters defined as Anti Müllerian Hormone (AMH), Antral Follicle Count (AFC) and ovarian volume, and to gain knowledge of attitudes and considerations toward family formation in women of advanced age...
October 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671673/extended-use-up-to-5-years-of-the-etonogestrel-releasing-subdermal-contraceptive-implant-comparison-to-levonorgestrel-releasing-subdermal-implant
#5
Moazzam Ali, Ayse Akin, Luis Bahamondes, Vivian Brache, Ndema Habib, Sihem Landoulsi, David Hubacher
STUDY QUESTION: Is it possible to extend the use of the 3-year one-rod etonogestrel (ENG)-releasing subdermal contraceptive implant to 5 years? SUMMARY ANSWER: The extended use of the one-rod ENG-releasing subdermal contraceptive implant showed 100% efficacy in years 4 and 5. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The initial regulated trials on the ENG-releasing subdermal contraceptive implant conducted in the 1990 s were designed to measure cumulative 3-year efficacy...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591451/-male-contraception-the-current-state-of-knowledge
#6
REVIEW
Zygmynt Zdrojewicz, Karolina Kasperska, Marta Lewandowska
Contraception is important from a health, psychological and socioeconomic point of view. Due to the fact that male-based contraceptive methods are mostly represented by condoms and vasectomy, researchers are working on the new solutions, which could let the men be more involved in a conscious family planning. In this review we will present the current state of knowledge on this subject. There is a lot going on in the field of hormonal contraception. Studies including testosterone, progestins, synthetic androgens and other derivatives are on a different stages of clinical trials and mostly demonstrate high efficacy rates...
August 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590656/-male-contraception-the-current-state-of-knowledge
#7
REVIEW
Zygmynt Zdrojewicz, Karolina Kasperska, Marta Lewandowska
Contraception is important from a health, psychological and socioeconomic point of view. Due to the fact that male-based contraceptive methods are mostly represented by condoms and vasectomy, researchers are working on the new solutions, which could let the men be more involved in a conscious family planning. In this review we will present the current state of knowledge on this subject. There is a lot going on in the field of hormonal contraception. Studies including testosterone, progestins, synthetic androgens and other derivatives are on a different stages of clinical trials and mostly demonstrate high efficacy rates...
July 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337853/reasons-for-intrauterine-device-use-discontinuation-and-non-use-in-malawi-a-qualitative-study-of-women-and-their-partners
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amy G Bryant, Gloria Hamela, Ann Gotter, Gretchen S Stuart, Gift Kamanga
The copper intrauterine device (IUD) is a safe, long-acting, and effective method of contraception that is under-utilized in many countries, including Malawi. A unique cohort of women who had enrolled in a trial of postpartum IUD use one year earlier gave insights into reasons for using, discontinuing, or not using the IUD. We conducted in-depth interviews with 18 women one year after they participated in a pilot study of a randomized controlled trial of postpartum IUD insertion, and 10 of their male partners...
December 2015: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111915/contraceptive-use-and-uptake-of-hiv-testing-among-sub-saharan-african-women
#9
Katherine E Center, Jayleen K L Gunn, Ibitola O Asaolu, Steven J Gibson, John E Ehiri
Despite improved availability of simple, relatively inexpensive, and highly effective antiretroviral treatment for HIV/AIDS, the disease remains a major public health challenge for women in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Given the numerous barriers in access to care for women in this region, every health issue that brings them into contact with the health system should be optimized as an opportunity to integrate HIV/AIDS prevention. Because most non-condom forms of modern contraception require a clinical appointment for use, contraception appointments could provide a confidential opportunity for access to HIV counseling, testing, and referral to care...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106201/consensus-canadien-sur-la-contraception-3-e-partie-de-4-chapitre-8-contraception-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-progestatif-seul
#10
Amanda Black, Edith Guilbert, Dustin Costescu, Sheila Dunn, William Fisher, Sari Kives, Melissa Mirosh, Wendy V Norman, Helen Pymar, Robert Reid, Geneviève Roy, Hannah Varto, Ashley Waddington, Marie-Soleil Wagner, Anne Marie Whelan
OBJECTIF: Fournir des lignes directrices aux fournisseurs de soins quant à l'utilisation de modes de contraception pour la prévention de la grossesse et quant à la promotion d'une sexualité saine. ISSUES: Orientation des praticiens canadiens en ce qui concerne l'efficacité globale, le mécanisme d'action, les indications, les contre-indications, les avantages n'étant pas liés à la contraception, les effets indésirables, les risques et le protocole de mise en œuvre des modes de contraception abordés; planification familiale dans le contexte de la santé sexuelle et du bien-être général; méthodes de counseling en matière de contraception; et accessibilité et disponibilité des modes de contraception abordés au Canada...
March 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26732151/male-contraception-a-clinically-oriented-review
#11
George A Kanakis, Dimitrios G Goulis
Despite the variety of available female contraceptive methods, many pregnancies (~50%) are still undesired. Many men (>60%) want to participate equally with their partner in family planning; however, male contraceptive methods (MCMs) account for only 14% of those used worldwide and no pharmaceutical MCM is available so far. The only two MCMs currently available are condoms, which despite protecting against sexually transmitted diseases have high failure rates (~19%), and vasectomy, which though very efficient (99%) is poorly reversible (<50%)...
October 2015: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26694134/unintended-pregnancy-risk-and-contraceptive-use-among-women-45-50-years-old-massachusetts-2006-2008-and-2010
#12
Emily M Godfrey, Lauren B Zapata, Carie M Cox, Kathryn M Curtis, Polly A Marchbanks
BACKGROUND: Little is known about unintended pregnancy risk and current contraceptive use among women ≥45 years old in the United States. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of women ages 45-50 years old at risk for unintended pregnancy and their current contraceptive use, and to compare these findings to those of women in younger age groups. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed 2006, 2008, and 2010 Massachusetts Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data, the only state in the United States to collect contraceptive data routinely from women >44 years old...
June 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26677961/monitoring-of-ovarian-activity-by-measurement-of-urinary-excretion-rates-using-the-ovarian-monitor-part-iv-the-relationship-of-the-pregnanediol-glucuronide-threshold-to-basal-body-temperature-and-cervical-mucus-as-markers-for-the-beginning-of-the-post-ovulatory
#13
Leonard F Blackwell, Pilar Vigil, María Elena Alliende, Simon Brown, Mario Festin, Delwyn G Cooke
STUDY QUESTION: Do the basal body temperature (BBT) shift and the cervical mucus markers for the beginning of the post-ovulatory infertile phase (POIP) of a menstrual cycle agree with the corresponding urinary pregnanediol glucuronide (PdG) threshold value? SUMMARY ANSWER: Perfect agreement between the cervical mucus markers and BBT shift and the hormonal definition of the start of post-ovulatory infertility occurred for only 7-17% of the cycles. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The PdG threshold of 7...
February 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26629725/canadian-contraception-consensus-part-2-of-4
#14
Amanda Black, Edith Guilbert, Dustin Costescu, Sheila Dunn, William Fisher, Sari Kives, Melissa Mirosh, Wendy V Norman, Helen Pymar, Robert Reid, Geneviève Roy, Hannah Varto, Ashley Waddington, Marie-Soleil Wagner, Anne Marie Whelan, Carrie Ferguson, Claude Fortin, Maria Kielly, Shireen Mansouri, Nicole Todd
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidelines for health care providers on the use of contraceptive methods to prevent pregnancy and on the promotion of healthy sexuality. OUTCOMES: Guidance for Canadian practitioners on overall effectiveness, mechanism of action, indications, contraindications, non-contraceptive benefits, side effects and risks, and initiation of cited contraceptive methods; family planning in the context of sexual health and general well-being; contraceptive counselling methods; and access to, and availability of, cited contraceptive methods in Canada...
November 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26606712/canadian-contraception-consensus-part-1-of-4
#15
Amanda Black, Edith Guilbert, Dustin Costescu, Sheila Dunn, William Fisher, Sari Kives, Melissa Mirosh, Wendy V Norman, Helen Pymar, Robert Reid, Geneviève Roy, Hannah Varto, Ashley Waddington, Marie-Soleil Wagner, Anne Marie Whelan, Carrie Ferguson, Claude Fortin, Maria Kielly, Shireen Mansouri, Nicole Todd
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidelines for health care providers on the use of contraceptive methods to prevent pregnancy and on the promotion of healthy sexuality. OUTCOMES: Guidance for Canadian practitioners on overall effectiveness, mechanism of action, indications, contraindications, non-contraceptive benefits, side effects and risks, and initiation of cited contraceptive methods; family planning in the context of sexual health and general well-being; contraceptive counselling methods; and access to, and availability of, cited contraceptive methods in Canada...
October 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26527017/-post-partum-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-short-text
#16
REVIEW
M-V Sénat, L Sentilhes, A Battut, D Benhamou, S Bydlowski, A Chantry, X Deffieux, F Diers, M Doret, C Ducroux-Schouwey, F Fuchs, G Gascoin, C Lebot, L Marcellin, G Plu-Bureau, B Raccah-Tebeka, E Simon, G Bréart, L Marpeau
OBJECTIVE: To determine the post-partum management of women and their newborn whatever the mode of delivery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: Because breastfeeding is associated with a decrease in neonatal morbidity (lower frequency of cardiovascular diseases, infectious, atopic or infantile obesity) (EL2) and an improvement in the cognitive development of children (EL2), exclusive and extended breastfeeding is recommended (grade B) between 4 to 6 months (Professional consensus)...
December 2015: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26522783/-prevalence-of-non-vaccinable-high-risk-genotypes-of-human-papillomavirus-in-the-early-detection-of-cervical-cancer-program-in-cantabria
#17
María Paz-Zulueta, Ana Fernández-Feito, Marina Amparán Ruiz, Asunción Azofra Olave, Yolanda Martín Seco, Sonia Ojugas Zabala, Aurora Otero García, Carmen Royano Rasines, Raquel Sarabia-Lavín, Blanca Torres Manrique, Miguel Santibáñez Margüello
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of infection with non-vaccinable high risk genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. LOCATION: Seven randomly selected health centres in Cantabria (Northern Spain). PARTICIPANTS: All women with an evaluable vaginal smear (n=3,359) between 2010 and 2011. MAIN MEASURES: The variables collected were cytological diagnosis, PCR results, and family planning method...
June 2016: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26409014/a-3-year-multicentre-randomized-controlled-trial-of-etonogestrel-and-levonorgestrel-releasing-contraceptive-implants-with-non-randomized-matched-copper-intrauterine-device-controls
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Luis Bahamondes, Vivian Brache, Olav Meirik, Moazzam Ali, Ndema Habib, Sihem Landoulsi
STUDY QUESTION: Is there any difference in the clinical performance of the 3-year one-rod etonogestrel (ENG)- and the 5-year two-rod levonorgestrel (LNG)-releasing contraceptive implants during 3 years of insertion, and between implant and intrauterine device (IUD) contraception, in particular complaints possibly related to hormonal contraceptives? SUMMARY ANSWER: The cumulative contraceptive effectiveness after 3 years and method continuation through 2.5 years were not significantly different between ENG and LNG implants, but both outcomes were significantly worse in the non-randomized age-matched group of IUD users than in the combined implant group...
November 2015: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26387467/contraceptive-use-among-female-sex-workers-in-three-russian-cities
#19
Caitlin E Martin, Andrea L Wirtz, Vladimir Mogilniy, Alena Peryshkina, Chris Beyrer, Michele R Decker
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of, and factors associated with, use of non-barrier contraception (intrauterine device, hormonal contraceptives, and female sterilization) among female sex workers (FSWs) in three Russian cities. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data from a cross-sectional survey of FSWs aged 18 years and older from Kazan, Krasnoyarsk, and Tomsk was undertaken. Participants had completed a one-time computer-based survey in 2011. Among the 708 with a current contraceptive need, logistic regression was used to evaluate factors associated with use of non-barrier contraceptives...
November 2015: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26366817/barriers-and-misperceptions-limiting-widespread-use-of-intrauterine-contraception-among-canadian-women
#20
REVIEW
Brian Hauck, Dustin Costescu
Unintended pregnancy is a major social and public health problem with adverse effects on neonatal and developmental outcomes, as well as maternal health and wellbeing. Traditionally, family planning policies have focused on increasing contraceptive uptake in non-users; however, rates of non-use are low in many developed nations. A high proportion of unintended pregnancies are attributable to contraceptive failure, particularly when using barrier and short-acting hormonal contraceptives. Intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCDs) are highly effective and have been shown to reduce unintended pregnancy rates...
July 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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