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wrist sprain

Zachary Y Kerr, Robert C Lynall, Karen G Roos, Sara L Dalton, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT: Research on non-time-loss (NTL) injuries, which result in less than 24 hours of restriction from participation, is limited. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of NTL injuries among collegiate and high school student-athletes. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Aggregate injury and exposure data collected from a convenience sample of National College Athletic Association varsity teams and 147 high schools in 26 states...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
Michael Loosemore, Joseph Lightfoot, Ian Gatt, Mike Hayton, Chris Beardsley
Background: The purpose of this investigation was to explore prospectively the nature and duration of hand and wrist injuries in training and competition in the Great Britain (GB) amateur boxing squad between 2005 and 2012. Methods: Longitudinal prospective injury surveillance of the GB boxing squad was performed from 2005 to 2012. The location, region affected, description, and the duration of each injury were recorded by the team doctor and team physiotherapist. We recorded whether the injury occurred during competition or training and also whether it was a new or a recurrent injury...
March 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Silvia Morlino, Chiara Dordoni, Isabella Sperduti, Marina Venturini, Claudia Celletti, Filippo Camerota, Marina Colombi, Marco Castori
Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, hypermobility type (EDS-HT) are two overlapping heritable disorders (JHS/EDS-HT) recognized by separated sets of diagnostic criteria and still lack a confirmatory test. This descriptive research was aimed at better characterizing the clinical phenotype of JHS/EDS-HT with focus on available diagnostic criteria, and in order to propose novel features and assessment strategies. One hundred and eighty-nine (163 females, 26 males; age: 2-73 years) patients from two Italian reference centers were investigated for Beighton score, range of motion in 21 additional joints, rate and sites of dislocations and sprains, recurrent soft-tissue injuries, tendon and muscle ruptures, body mass index, arm span/height ratio, wrist and thumb signs, and 12 additional orthopedic features...
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Michael A Worobel, Bobby Alexander, Mark Hirsch, Vu Nguyen
Recurrent median neuropathy is an uncommon injury that can be commonly mistaken for other pathological causes. It is important to be aware of the potential causes and symptoms of injury as delay in diagnosis can lead to permanent decrease in hand function and disability. This case is a description of a 33-year-old male patient who previously presented with radicular symptoms and had complete resolution of his pain after a C7 selective nerve root block. Several months after presentation, he developed significant thenar atrophy, localized pain, and weakness associated with weight lifting activities...
February 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Benjamin Todd Drury, Thomas P Lehman, Ghazi Rayan
Hand and wrist injuries in martial arts are typically a reflection of the combat nature of this discipline. In striking sports, the axial load mechanism of injury is common and causes fractures and dislocations; in grappling sports, sprain injuries and degenerative changes predominate. There is clear evidence to support that hand protection reduces the risk of hand injury. Traditional training in martial arts on proper technique and target selection in striking sports reduces the risk of hand injury, and is an important component of hand and wrist injury prevention...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
Justin W L Keogh, Paul W Winwood
BACKGROUND: Weight-training sports, including weightlifting, powerlifting, bodybuilding, strongman, Highland Games, and CrossFit, are weight-training sports that have separate divisions for males and females of a variety of ages, competitive standards, and bodyweight classes. These sports may be considered dangerous because of the heavy loads commonly used in training and competition. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to systematically review the injury epidemiology of these weight-training sports, and, where possible, gain some insight into whether this may be affected by age, sex, competitive standard, and bodyweight class...
March 2017: Sports Medicine
Olga L Hincapie, Jeananne S Elkins, Laura Vasquez-Welsh
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. INTRODUCTION: Previously published studies demonstrate the importance of the sensory innervation of the carpal ligaments and the implication for the sensorimotor control of the wrist. In addition, this case considers key rehabilitation concepts to include the dart-throwing motion and the stabilizing effect of the forearm muscles. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To describe the rehabilitation program for a patient with chronic wrist pain, diagnosed with a partial tear of the dorsal intercarpal ligament and a sprain of the scapholunate ligament of the right wrist...
April 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Soo-Young Hu, Jin-Gyu Choi, Byung-Chul Son
Although the musculoskeletal injuries associated with break-dancing which is gaining more popularity among adolescent and young people has been reported, the report regarding a peripheral nerve injury associated with breakdance is scarce. We report a rare case of a young amateur break-dancer, 'b-boy' who suffered from a painful paresthesia in his left hand, later diagnosed as type III Guyon's canal syndrome. A 23-year-old, right handed college man presented with a tenderness over the left hypothenar eminence and painful paresthesia over the ring and little fingers of 3 months duration...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Michael Elvey, S Patel, Erez Avisar, W J White, E Sorene
PURPOSE: The nonspecific terms "wrist sprain" and "suspected occult bony injury" are frequently documented as diagnoses in occult paediatric wrist injuries. To date, however, no one has accurately defined their true underlying pathology. The primary objective of this study was to identify the true pathoanatomy of occult acute paediatric wrist injuries. Our secondary objective was to compare our findings with existing adult data in order to determine any population differences that might be clinically relevant...
June 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Luc Van Overstraeten, Emmanuel J Camus
Several biomechanical studies have shown that the scapholunate (SL) and lunotriquetral (LT) ligaments are not the only stabilizers of the proximal carpal row. However, no study has yet analyzed the range of ligament lesions leading to instability in vivo. Arthroscopy has been used to assess the condition of the wrist's extrinsic ligaments by palpating and tensioning the various ligament and capsule structures. In this prospective study, this arthroscopic method was used in 85 cases of wrist sprain without static instability to evaluate the correlation between lesions of the intrinsic and extrinsic carpal ligaments and carpal instability...
February 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Ping-Chung Leung, Erik Chun-Hay Ko, Wing-Sum Siu, Ellie Suet-Yee Pang, Clara Bik-San Lau
Topical medicinal patches have been popular for the treatment of minor injuries like sprains and avulsions. Other inflammatory conditions like chronic musculo-tendinous pain and or fasciitis are also taken care of by local ointments or rubs. In the oriental communities, medicinal herbs frequently form the major components of the patches. In spite of the lack of scientific evidence of efficacy, the popularity of such traditional application persists for centuries. In this era of evidence-based clinical treatment, there is an urgent need to look into this traditional practice...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Frederick W Werner, Hugo St-Amand, Hisao Moritomo, Levi G Sutton, Walter H Short
Background Scaphoid fractures are common carpal fractures that are often misdiagnosed as wrist sprains and may go on to nonunion. The location of the fracture site may influence the stability of scaphoid nonunions. Purpose To determine whether the stability of a scaphoid nonunion depends upon the fracture's location, we tested the hypothesis that a simulated fracture distal to the apex of the scaphoid dorsal ridge will have greater interfragmentary motion than proximal. Methods Eleven cadaver wrists were moved through three wrist motions using a wrist simulator...
March 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Martin Clementson, Niels Thomsen, Peter Jørgsholm, Jack Besjakov, Anders Björkman
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic radial sided wrist pain is common and can represent a fracture or a ligament injury. However, in some patients radiographs and MRI are normal, indicating no specific diagnosis other than a wrist sprain. There is no consensus on the ideal treatment for this patient group. The aim was to investigate if patients with posttraumatic radial sided wrist pain and MRI not showing signs of fracture or SL-ligament injury should be treated with immediate mobilisation or 2 weeks cast immobilisation...
June 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Sang D Choi, Kathryn Brings
BACKGROUND: Nurses and nursing assistants are susceptible to work-related musculoskeletal disorders and injuries (WMSDs) due to the increase in overweight and obese patients they are handling on a daily basis. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to review work-related musculoskeletal hazards and risks associated with handling overweight and obese patients, and summarize the recommended interventions to mitigate musculoskeletal concerns among nurses and nursing assistants...
2015: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Nienke W Willigenburg, James R Borchers, Richard Quincy, Christopher C Kaeding, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: American football and rugby players are at substantial risk of injury because of the full-contact nature of these sports. Methodological differences between previous epidemiological studies hamper an accurate comparison of injury rates between American football and rugby. PURPOSE: To directly compare injury rates in American collegiate football and rugby, specified by location, type, mechanism, and severity of injury, as reported by licensed medical professionals...
March 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
J Nauta, E Jespersen, E Verhagen, W van Mechelen, N Wedderkopp
Although injuries to the upper extremity are most costly, the picture of the upper extremity injury problem remains incomplete. This study is the first to describe the etiology and mechanisms of upper extremity injuries in Danish children. A 2.5-year observational prospective cohort study was conducted to record upper extremity injuries in 1048 children. Data were weekly collected by sending a text message. A total of 176 upper extremity injuries were reported (128 acute injuries). Of the acute upper extremity injuries, 55% were sprains, 47% occurred in the hand/wrist, and 53% of cases were caused by a fall...
January 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Mark Schultzel, Matthew Schultzel, Brock Wentz, Mark Bernhardt
OBJECTIVE: Kendo is a Japanese martial art analogous to fencing, which is becoming increasingly popular worldwide. The large number of participants creates a need to assess injury patterns to better train them. The purpose of this study is to describe current injury rates in kendo and compare these rates to other martial arts. METHODS: This retrospective study used an online questionnaire sent to 500 active members of the All United States Kendo Federation and World Kendo Federation...
2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Ji-Woong Noh, Byoung-Sun Park, Mee-Young Kim, Lim-Kyu Lee, Seung-Min Yang, Won-Deok Lee, Yong-Sub Shin, Ju-Hyun Kim, Jeong-Uk Lee, Taek-Yong Kwak, Tae-Hyun Lee, Ju-Young Kim, Jaehong Park, Junghwan Kim
[Purpose] This study describes the characteristics of injuries in strike and non-strike combat sports, and the results are intended for use in the area of sports physiotherapy research. [Subjects and Methods] The study was conducted on 159 athletes involved in a variety of combat sports. The participants included elite college players of the following sports: judo (47), ssireum (19), wrestling (13), kendo (30), boxing (16), and taekwondo (34). Of the participants, 133 were male and 26 were female. In the case of ssireum and boxing, all of the athletes were male...
August 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Jaime de Inocencio, Miguel Ángel Carro, Marta Flores, Carmen Carpio, Sofía Mesa, Milagros Marín
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the percentage of emergency department (ED) visits due to musculoskeletal pain (MSP) by children 3-14 years of age during a period of 1 year; (2) to determine the most frequent presenting complaints; and (3) to characterize their etiology. A cross-sectional study was performed on children aged 3-14(11/12) years attended at the ED of a tertiary hospital due to MSP. The demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients were reviewed 5 days each month for 12 consecutive months...
January 2016: Rheumatology International
Maryam Shahabpour, Barbara Staelens, Luc Van Overstraeten, Michel De Maeseneer, Cedric Boulet, Johan De Mey, Thierry Scheerlinck
The scapholunate joint is one of the most involved in wrist injuries. Its stability depends on primary and secondary stabilisers forming together the scapholunate complex. This ligamentous complex is often evaluated by wrist arthroscopy. To avoid surgery as diagnostic procedure, optimization of MR imaging parameters as use of three-dimensional (3D) sequences with very thin slices and high spatial resolution, is needed to detect lesions of the intrinsic and extrinsic ligaments of the scapholunate complex. The paper reviews the literature on imaging of radial-sided carpal ligaments with advanced computed tomographic arthrography (CTA) and magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) to evaluate the scapholunate complex...
December 2015: Skeletal Radiology
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