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wrist sprain

Justin W L Keogh, Paul W Winwood
BACKGROUND: Weight-training sports, including weightlifting, powerlifting, bodybuilding, strongman, Highland Games, and CrossFit, are weight-training sports that have separate divisions for males and females of a variety of ages, competitive standards, and bodyweight classes. These sports may be considered dangerous because of the heavy loads commonly used in training and competition. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to systematically review the injury epidemiology of these weight-training sports, and, where possible, gain some insight into whether this may be affected by age, sex, competitive standard, and bodyweight class...
June 21, 2016: Sports Medicine
Olga L Hincapie, Jeananne S Elkins, Laura Vasquez-Welsh
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. INTRODUCTION: Previously published studies demonstrate the importance of the sensory innervation of the carpal ligaments and the implication for the sensorimotor control of the wrist. In addition, this case considers key rehabilitation concepts to include the dart-throwing motion and the stabilizing effect of the forearm muscles. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To describe the rehabilitation program for a patient with chronic wrist pain, diagnosed with a partial tear of the dorsal intercarpal ligament and a sprain of the scapholunate ligament of the right wrist...
April 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Soo-Young Hu, Jin-Gyu Choi, Byung-Chul Son
Although the musculoskeletal injuries associated with break-dancing which is gaining more popularity among adolescent and young people has been reported, the report regarding a peripheral nerve injury associated with breakdance is scarce. We report a rare case of a young amateur break-dancer, 'b-boy' who suffered from a painful paresthesia in his left hand, later diagnosed as type III Guyon's canal syndrome. A 23-year-old, right handed college man presented with a tenderness over the left hypothenar eminence and painful paresthesia over the ring and little fingers of 3 months duration...
October 2015: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
Michael Elvey, S Patel, Erez Avisar, W J White, E Sorene
PURPOSE: The nonspecific terms "wrist sprain" and "suspected occult bony injury" are frequently documented as diagnoses in occult paediatric wrist injuries. To date, however, no one has accurately defined their true underlying pathology. The primary objective of this study was to identify the true pathoanatomy of occult acute paediatric wrist injuries. Our secondary objective was to compare our findings with existing adult data in order to determine any population differences that might be clinically relevant...
June 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Luc Van Overstraeten, Emmanuel J Camus
Several biomechanical studies have shown that the scapholunate (SL) and lunotriquetral (LT) ligaments are not the only stabilizers of the proximal carpal row. However, no study has yet analyzed the range of ligament lesions leading to instability in vivo. Arthroscopy has been used to assess the condition of the wrist's extrinsic ligaments by palpating and tensioning the various ligament and capsule structures. In this prospective study, this arthroscopic method was used in 85 cases of wrist sprain without static instability to evaluate the correlation between lesions of the intrinsic and extrinsic carpal ligaments and carpal instability...
February 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Ping-Chung Leung, Erik Chun-Hay Ko, Wing-Sum Siu, Ellie Suet-Yee Pang, Clara Bik-San Lau
Topical medicinal patches have been popular for the treatment of minor injuries like sprains and avulsions. Other inflammatory conditions like chronic musculo-tendinous pain and or fasciitis are also taken care of by local ointments or rubs. In the oriental communities, medicinal herbs frequently form the major components of the patches. In spite of the lack of scientific evidence of efficacy, the popularity of such traditional application persists for centuries. In this era of evidence-based clinical treatment, there is an urgent need to look into this traditional practice...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Frederick W Werner, Hugo St-Amand, Hisao Moritomo, Levi G Sutton, Walter H Short
Background Scaphoid fractures are common carpal fractures that are often misdiagnosed as wrist sprains and may go on to nonunion. The location of the fracture site may influence the stability of scaphoid nonunions. Purpose To determine whether the stability of a scaphoid nonunion depends upon the fracture's location, we tested the hypothesis that a simulated fracture distal to the apex of the scaphoid dorsal ridge will have greater interfragmentary motion than proximal. Methods Eleven cadaver wrists were moved through three wrist motions using a wrist simulator...
March 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Martin Clementson, Niels Thomsen, Peter Jørgsholm, Jack Besjakov, Anders Björkman
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic radial sided wrist pain is common and can represent a fracture or a ligament injury. However, in some patients radiographs and MRI are normal, indicating no specific diagnosis other than a wrist sprain. There is no consensus on the ideal treatment for this patient group. The aim was to investigate if patients with posttraumatic radial sided wrist pain and MRI not showing signs of fracture or SL-ligament injury should be treated with immediate mobilisation or 2 weeks cast immobilisation...
June 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Sang D Choi, Kathryn Brings
BACKGROUND: Nurses and nursing assistants are susceptible to work-related musculoskeletal disorders and injuries (WMSDs) due to the increase in overweight and obese patients they are handling on a daily basis. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to review work-related musculoskeletal hazards and risks associated with handling overweight and obese patients, and summarize the recommended interventions to mitigate musculoskeletal concerns among nurses and nursing assistants...
2015: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Nienke W Willigenburg, James R Borchers, Richard Quincy, Christopher C Kaeding, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: American football and rugby players are at substantial risk of injury because of the full-contact nature of these sports. Methodological differences between previous epidemiological studies hamper an accurate comparison of injury rates between American football and rugby. PURPOSE: To directly compare injury rates in American collegiate football and rugby, specified by location, type, mechanism, and severity of injury, as reported by licensed medical professionals...
March 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
J Nauta, E Jespersen, E Verhagen, W van Mechelen, N Wedderkopp
Although injuries to the upper extremity are most costly, the picture of the upper extremity injury problem remains incomplete. This study is the first to describe the etiology and mechanisms of upper extremity injuries in Danish children. A 2.5-year observational prospective cohort study was conducted to record upper extremity injuries in 1048 children. Data were weekly collected by sending a text message. A total of 176 upper extremity injuries were reported (128 acute injuries). Of the acute upper extremity injuries, 55% were sprains, 47% occurred in the hand/wrist, and 53% of cases were caused by a fall...
December 9, 2015: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Mark Schultzel, Matthew Schultzel, Brock Wentz, Mark Bernhardt
OBJECTIVE: Kendo is a Japanese martial art analogous to fencing, which is becoming increasingly popular worldwide. The large number of participants creates a need to assess injury patterns to better train them. The purpose of this study is to describe current injury rates in kendo and compare these rates to other martial arts. METHODS: This retrospective study used an online questionnaire sent to 500 active members of the All United States Kendo Federation and World Kendo Federation...
2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Ji-Woong Noh, Byoung-Sun Park, Mee-Young Kim, Lim-Kyu Lee, Seung-Min Yang, Won-Deok Lee, Yong-Sub Shin, Ju-Hyun Kim, Jeong-Uk Lee, Taek-Yong Kwak, Tae-Hyun Lee, Ju-Young Kim, Jaehong Park, Junghwan Kim
[Purpose] This study describes the characteristics of injuries in strike and non-strike combat sports, and the results are intended for use in the area of sports physiotherapy research. [Subjects and Methods] The study was conducted on 159 athletes involved in a variety of combat sports. The participants included elite college players of the following sports: judo (47), ssireum (19), wrestling (13), kendo (30), boxing (16), and taekwondo (34). Of the participants, 133 were male and 26 were female. In the case of ssireum and boxing, all of the athletes were male...
August 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Jaime de Inocencio, Miguel Ángel Carro, Marta Flores, Carmen Carpio, Sofía Mesa, Milagros Marín
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the percentage of emergency department (ED) visits due to musculoskeletal pain (MSP) by children 3-14 years of age during a period of 1 year; (2) to determine the most frequent presenting complaints; and (3) to characterize their etiology. A cross-sectional study was performed on children aged 3-14(11/12) years attended at the ED of a tertiary hospital due to MSP. The demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients were reviewed 5 days each month for 12 consecutive months...
January 2016: Rheumatology International
Maryam Shahabpour, Barbara Staelens, Luc Van Overstraeten, Michel De Maeseneer, Cedric Boulet, Johan De Mey, Thierry Scheerlinck
The scapholunate joint is one of the most involved in wrist injuries. Its stability depends on primary and secondary stabilisers forming together the scapholunate complex. This ligamentous complex is often evaluated by wrist arthroscopy. To avoid surgery as diagnostic procedure, optimization of MR imaging parameters as use of three-dimensional (3D) sequences with very thin slices and high spatial resolution, is needed to detect lesions of the intrinsic and extrinsic ligaments of the scapholunate complex. The paper reviews the literature on imaging of radial-sided carpal ligaments with advanced computed tomographic arthrography (CTA) and magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA) to evaluate the scapholunate complex...
December 2015: Skeletal Radiology
Sang D Choi
The study was designed to identify any trends of injury type as it relates to the age and trade of construction workers. The participants for this study included any individual who, while working on a heavy and highway construction project in the Midwestern United States, sustained an injury during the specified time frame of when the data were collected. During this period, 143 injury reports were collected. The four trade/occupation groups with the highest injury rates were laborers, carpenters, iron workers, and operators...
June 2015: Safety and Health At Work
Alina Tsyrulnik
Correct diagnosis of wrist injuries is critical in preventing prolonged pain and dysfunction. Radiographs cannot diagnose a large percentage of injuries. Wrist sprain is considered one of the most common yet most treacherous emergency department (ED) diagnoses because radiographs do not always rule out all acute injuries. Knowledge of the anatomy, normal physical examination findings, and physical examination abnormalities associated with different pathological conditions, is paramount in making the correct diagnosis...
May 2015: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Banu Kabak, Muharrem Karanfilci, Taner Ersöz, Mehmet Kabak
BACKGROUND: Athletes typically maintain rigorous training and work programs to be able to participate in competitions. An injury that occurs during the competition that causes withdrawal from the competition and a possible departure from sports, can render results athletes' and their support staff's efforts as meaningless. The early detection of injuries in the competition and developing preventive training programs can help ensure that participating in competitions and the associated preparatory efforts are not wasted...
June 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Taozhen He, Xiaoyan Sun, Jun Jiang, Mingxing Peng, Huixu Ma, Lixun Yang, Bin Xiao, Min Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term effectiveness of transarticular fixation of humeroradial joint by Kirschner wire (or combined with proximal ulnar osteotomy) for old radial head dislocation after open reduction of the radial head in children. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of 25 children with old radial head dislocation between January 2008 and December 2010. There were 18 boys and 7 girls, aged 2 years and 5 months to 9 years and 5 months (mean, 5 years and 11 months)...
August 2014: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Yonatan Kaplan, Grethe Myklebust, Meir Nyska, Ezequiel Palmanovich, J Victor, E Witvrouw
PURPOSE: This original prospective cohort study was conducted in an attempt to significantly reduce the incidence and the severity of injuries in an intervention cohort as compared to a two-season historical cohort, and to provide recommendations to the International Federation of Football (IFAF) pertaining to prevention measures to make the game safer. METHODS: A total of 1,260 amateur male (mean age: 20.4 ± 3.9 years) and 244 female (mean age: 18.5 ± 1...
June 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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