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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774762/quality-readability-and-trends-for-websites-on-ankyloglossia
#1
Nicole Leigh Aaronson, Johnathan Edward Castaño, Jeffrey P Simons, Noel Jabbour
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the quality and readability of websites on ankyloglossia, tongue tie, and frenulectomy. METHODS: Google was queried with six search terms: tongue tie, tongue tie and breastfeeding, tongue tie and frenulectomy, ankyloglossia, ankyloglossia and breastfeeding, and ankyloglossia and frenulectomy. Website quality was assessed using the DISCERN instrument. Readability was evaluated using the Flesch-Kincaid Reading Grade Level, Flesch Reading Ease Score, and Fry readability formula...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774010/efficacy-of-vandetanib-in-treating-locally-advanced-or-metastatic-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-according-to-recist-criteria-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Pierpaolo Trimboli, Marco Castellana, Camilla Virili, Francesco Giorgino, Luca Giovanella
Background: Vandetanib is the most largely used tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in patients with locally advanced and/or metastatic medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Here, we conducted a systematic review on its efficacy and attempted to perform a meta-analysis adopting standardized RECIST criteria as end-points. Methods: The terms "medullary thyroid" and "protein kinase inhibitor" (then including all TKIs) were searched in PubMed, ClinicalTrials...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#3
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771693/use-of-patient-simulators-to-characterize-the-repeatability-and-reproducibility-of-automated-oscillometric-blood-pressure-monitors
#4
Elmiloudi M Sarhrani, Thomas B Gilmore, Andre S Lamontagne, Lauren B Harris, Jay S Kellett, Michael P Sweeney, Teresa I Navas, Oleg Vesnovsky, Charles Ho, Luke H Herbertson
OBJECTIVES: Automated oscillometric blood pressure (BP) monitors can be critical health assessment tools if they are accurate and can provide repeatable and reproducible readings. Commercial patient simulators are capable of screening for poorly performing oscillometric BP monitors. A valid screening bench test method to identify unreliable and underperforming BP monitors could advance surveillance of these devices and support regulatory decision making. METHODS: Two simulators were used to characterize a total of 19 legally marketed upper arm, wrist, hospital-grade, and public-use BP monitors...
May 16, 2018: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770980/what-can-we-learn-from-the-public-s-understanding-of-drug-information-and-safety-a-population-survey
#5
Esther Salgueiro, Cristina Gurruchaga, Francisco J Jimeno, Cristina Martínez-Múgica, Luis H Martín Arias, Gloria Manso
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to analyse the perceptions of the public on medicine information and safety and on consumer reporting of suspected adverse drug reactions (ADR). METHODS: A voluntary survey was conducted in a population ≥18 years of age in Asturias, a region in northern Spain. The survey was designed to be completed in a face-to-face street interview or completed independently by the public. The survey consisted of structured questions organised in four sections: (1) demographic data, (2) use of medicines, (3) reading and understanding of the patient information leaflet (PIL) and (4) awareness and perception about consumer reporting of ADR...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765237/comparative-genomic-analysis-of-multidrug-resistant-streptococcus-pneumoniae-isolates
#6
Fen Pan, Hong Zhang, Xiaoyan Dong, Weixing Ye, Ping He, Shulin Zhang, Jeff Xianchao Zhu, Nanbert Zhong
Introduction: Multidrug resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae has emerged as a serious problem to public health. A further understanding of the genetic diversity in antibiotic-resistant S. pneumoniae isolates is needed. Methods: We conducted whole-genome resequencing for 25 pneumococcal strains isolated from children with different antimicrobial resistance profiles. Comparative analysis focus on detection of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and insertions and deletions (indels) was conducted...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762659/independent-assessment-and-improvement-of-wheat-genome-sequence-assemblies-using-fosill-jumping-libraries
#7
Fu-Hao Lu, Neil McKenzie, George Kettleborough, Darren Heavens, Matthew D Clark, Michael W Bevan
Background: The accurate sequencing and assembly of very large, often polyploid, genomes remain a challenging task, limiting long-range sequence information and phased sequence variation for applications such as plant breeding. The 15 Gb hexaploid bread wheat genome has been particularly challenging to sequence, and several different approaches have recently generated long-range assemblies. Mapping and understanding the types of assembly errors is important for optimising future sequencing and assembly approaches and for comparative genomics...
May 11, 2018: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762130/ionization-chamber-correction-factors-for-mr-linacs
#8
Stefan Pojtinger, Oliver Steffen Dohm, Ralf-Peter Kapsch, Daniela Thorwarth

 Previously, readings of air-filled ionization chambers have been described as being influenced by magnetic fields. To use these chambers for dosimetry in magnetic resonance guided radiotherapy (MRgRT), this effect must be taken into account by introducing a correction factor kB.
 The purpose of this study is to systematically investigate kB for a typical reference setup for commercially available ionization chambers with different magnetic field strengths.
 
 Material and Methods:
 The Monte Carlo simulation tool EGSnrc was used to simulate eight commercially available ionization chambers in magnetic fields whose magnetic flux density was in the range of 0 to 2...
May 15, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761712/an-alternative-introduction-to-reading-and-evaluating-the-primary-literature-for-beginning-graduate-students
#9
David C Randall, Bobby R Baldridge
Students are challenged in transitioning from acquiring knowledge and understanding through reading textbooks to their learning to select, read, evaluate, and synthesize the primary literature. A customary approach to teaching this transition to beginning graduate students is for a faculty member to assign "readings" from the recent literature that promise to become key publications; such assignments generally underscore recent, novel scientific content. We advocate here an alternative approach for coaching students very early in their training: first, to read, analyze, and discuss a paper that highlights critically important features of effective and valid experimental design; and, second, to study a paper that can be shown historically to have fundamentally changed the way in which physiological function is understood...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760770/mental-health-literacy-knowledge-of-depression-among-undergraduate-students-in-hanoi-vietnam
#10
Quynh Chi Nguyen Thai, Thanh Huong Nguyen
Background: Mental health literacy (MHL) refers to an individuals' knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid their recognition, management, and prevention. This study aims to investigate the MHL of depression among public health and sociology undergraduate students in Hanoi, Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out from May to September 2015. Data was collected using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire distributed to 350 undergraduate students (213 public health majors; 137 sociology majors)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756472/diabetes-control-is-vinegar-a-promising-candidate-to-help-achieve-targets
#11
Fahad Javaid Siddiqui, Pryseley Nkouibert Assam, Nurun Nisa de Souza, Rehena Sultana, Rinkoo Dalan, Edwin Shih-Yen Chan
BACKGROUND: Renewed interest in vinegar as a glucose-lowering agent led to several small trials in the recent past. However, none of the trials could independently provide sufficient evidence. OBJECTIVES: Our review aimed to obtain reliable estimates of effects of vinegar on short-term and long-term blood glucose control. METHODS: Large bibliographic databases were searched from inception to date of search without language and publication date restrictions...
January 2018: Journal of evidence-based integrative medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752807/oral-health-and-school-performance-in-a-group-of-schoolchildren-from-the-federal-district-brazil
#12
Raquel Francis Almeida, Soraya Coelho Leal, Jordana Guedes Amorim Medonca, Leandro Augusto Hilgert, Ana Paula Dias Ribeiro
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether an association exists between school performance, quality of life, dental caries, and dental pain in children between 6 and 8 years of age. METHODS: All 6- to 8-year-old children enrolled in the second year of the six public schools in Paranoá-FD were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study. In total, 374 consented. Dental caries was recorded according to the Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) index by two trained examiners...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752608/author-correction-reliability-and-feasibility-of-gait-initiation-centre-of-pressure-excursions-using-a-wii-%C3%A2-balance-board-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-falling
#13
James Lee, Graham Webb, Adam P Shortland, Rebecca Edwards, Charlotte Wilce, Gareth D Jones
In the original publication, the article title was incorrectly published as 'Reliability and feasibility of gait initiation centre-of-pressure excursions using a Wii® Balance Board in older adults at risk of failing'. The correct title should read as 'Reliability and feasibility of gait initiation centre-of-pressure excursions using a Wii® Balance Board in older adults at risk of falling'.
May 12, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751354/evaluation-of-knowledge-about-epilepsy-and-attitudes-towards-patients-with-epilepsy-among-university-students-in-upper-egypt
#14
Mohamed N Thabit, Mohamed A Sayed, Magda M Ali
PURPOSE: Epilepsy is a major public health problem worldwide. There are many misconceptions about people's knowledge and attitudes about epilepsy, which influence people's behavior towards patients with epilepsy. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in Sohag University, a public Egyptian University, in Upper Egypt. We used an Arabic language designed questionnaire to assess people's knowledge about epilepsy and their attitudes towards patients with epilepsy...
May 5, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749294/questioning-the-current-public-health-approach-to-countering-violent-extremism
#15
Neil Krishan Aggarwal
Since the start of the global War on Terror, governments have used the mental health system for counterintelligence purposes. A recent manifestation of this trend is the call from policymakers and mental health researchers to screen individuals at risk for violent extremism through the public health system. Civil rights organisations have raised alarms that Muslims are being disproportionately referred to law enforcement agencies and that Muslim communities are being selected for surveillance despite government assurances that violent extremism is not exclusive to any ideology...
May 11, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745696/poetry-corner
#16
Eric P Charles
Presents a piece of poetry by A. A. Milne who is now best known as the author of the Winnie the Pooh (1926) book but was quite well reputed before its publication for his plays and his poetry, including collections such as When We Were Very Young (1924). The style of "Veridical Perception" will be familiar to any who have read his work. (PsycINFO Database Record
May 2018: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744527/inherited-primary-arrhythmia-disorders-cardiac-channelopathies-and-sports-activity
#17
REVIEW
S Marrakchi, I Kammoun, E Bennour, L Laroussi, M Ben Miled, S Kachboura
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in an apparently healthy individual is a tragedy. It is important to identify the cause of death and to prevent SCD in potentially at-risk family members. Inherited primary arrhythmia disorders are associated with exercise-related SCD. Despite the well-known benefits of exercise, exercise restriction has been a historical mainstay of therapy for these conditions. However, since familiarity with inherited arrhythmia conditions has increased and patients are often children and young adults, it is necessary to reassess the treatment guidelines regarding exercise constraints...
May 9, 2018: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744314/readability-of-information-on-colonoscopy-preparation-on-the-internet
#18
Sarah A MacLean, Corey H Basch, Ashley Clark, Charles E Basch
Background: The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) has decreased in recent years, due in large part to increased screening, particularly through colonoscopy. This study aimed to examine the level of readability of information on colonoscopy preparation written on 100 websites that were found via an internet search. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the content of the first 100 websites in English found via an internet search were analyzed using established readability scales. Websites were compared based on whether they had a commercial or non-commercial URL extension...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743016/transcriptome-sequencing-and-analysis-during-seed-growth-and-development-in-euryale-ferox-salisb
#19
Xian Liu, Zhen He, Yulai Yin, Xu Xu, Weiwen Wu, Liangjun Li
BACKGROUND: Euryale ferox Salisb., an annual aquatic plant, is the only species in the genus Euryale in the Nymphaeaceae. Seeds of E. ferox are a nutritious food and also used in traditional Chinese medicine (Qian Shi in Mandarin). The molecular events that occurred during seed development in E. ferox have not yet been characterized. In this study, we performed transcriptomic analysis of four developmental stages (T1, T2, T3, and T4) in E. ferox seeds with three biological replicates per developmental stage to understand the physiological and biochemical processes during E...
May 9, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742968/corrigendum
#20
(no author information available yet)
Kovner, C. T., Brewer, C. S., Fatehi, F., Jun, J. (2014). What does nurse turnover rate mean and what is the rate. Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, 15(3-4), 64-71. doi: 10.1177/1527154414547953 The authors wish to make a correction to the above referenced article. Table 4 provides very misleading data, because all the settings and hospital only rates were calculated differently and therefore the rows should not be compared. [Table: see text] The first row (now Table 4a ) includes RN jobs only in any setting...
January 1, 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
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