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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212577/aalas-publications-write-for-all-readers
#1
Amy Lb Frazier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202160/benefits-and-challenges-of-supervising-physical-therapy-students-in-the-state-of-kuwait-a-national-study
#2
Sameera H Aljadi, Naser M Alotaibi, Hesham N Alrowayeh, Talal A Alshatti
One common component of allied health education is clinical fieldwork. It is the bridge between the didactic curriculum and clinical practice. Clinical supervisors perceive that being a clinical supervisor has both benefits and challenges. A modified questionnaire was distributed to 75 physical therapists who had previously or were currently engaged in supervising physical therapy students in 12 public hospitals in the State of Kuwait. In addition to demographic data, the questionnaire asked about the benefits and challenges associated with supervising students...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201390/caring-for-caregivers-c4c-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-feasibility-randomised-control-trial-of-positive-written-disclosure-for-older-adult-caregivers-of-people-with-psychosis
#3
Cassie M Hazell, Christina J Jones, Mark Hayward, Stephen A Bremner, Daryl B O'Connor, Vanessa Pinfold, Helen E Smith
Background: The caregivers of people who experience psychosis are themselves at risk of developing physical and mental health problems. This risk is increased for older adult caregivers who also have to manage the lifestyle and health changes associated with ageing. As a consequence, older adult caregivers are in particular need of support; we propose a Written Emotional Disclosure (WED) intervention, called Positive Written Disclosure (PWD). Methods/design: This is a pilot randomised controlled trial of PWD compared to a neutral writing control and a no writing condition...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199907/gaydar-marriage-and-rip-roaring-homosexuals-discourses-about-homosexuality-in-dear-abby-and-ann-landers-advice-columns-1967-1982
#4
Patrick M Johnson, Kwame A Holmes
Over the past 70 years, the history of acceptance of the Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual (LGB) community within the United States has seen much change and fluctuation. One of the places that this dialogue has been preserved is through the syndicated advice columns of Dear Abby and Ann Landers, in which individuals in the United States were writing in for advice to deal with their anxiety over a newly emerging and highly visible new community of individuals once considered to be mentally ill and dangerous. Using discourse analysis, this article traces the evolution of public and scientific opinions about the LGBT community during the years leading up to the Stonewall riots all the way to right before the AIDs epidemic...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198398/intestinal-parasites-from-the-2nd-5th-century-ad-latrine-in-the-roman-baths-at-sagalassos-turkey
#5
Faith S Williams, Theo Arnold-Foster, Hui-Yuan Yeh, Marissa L Ledger, Jan Baeten, Jeroen Poblome, Piers D Mitchell
The aim of this research was to determine the species of intestinal parasite present in a Roman Imperial period population in Asia Minor, and to use this information to improve our understanding of health in the eastern Mediterranean region in Roman times. We analyzed five samples from the latrines of the Roman bath complex at Sagalassos, Turkey. Fecal biomarker analysis using 5β-stanols has indicated the feces were of human origin. The eggs of roundworm (Ascaris) were identified in all five samples using microscopy, and the cysts of the protozoan Giardia duodenalis (which causes dysentery) were identified multiple times in one sample using ELISA...
December 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184481/cynefin-as-reference-framework-to-facilitate-insight-and-decision-making-in-complex-contexts-of-biomedical-research
#6
Gerd Kempermann
The Cynefin scheme is a concept of knowledge management, originally devised to support decision making in management, but more generally applicable to situations, in which complexity challenges the quality of insight, prediction, and decision. Despite the fact that life itself, and especially the brain and its diseases, are complex to the extent that complexity could be considered their cardinal feature, complex problems in biomedicine are often treated as if they were actually not more than the complicated sum of solvable sub-problems...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180345/in-person-versus-ehealth-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-adolescents-with-chronic-illness-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Nicholas Chadi, Miriam Kaufman, Elli Weisbaum, Catherine Malboeuf-Hurtubise, Sara Ahola Kohut, Christine Viner, Jake Locke, Dzung X Vo
BACKGROUND: Eight-week mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have a beneficial impact on mental health and well-being in adolescents with chronic health conditions. Usually delivered in person in a group setting, these programs are difficult to access for teens with disabilities or who do not have in-person MBIs available in their communities. OBJECTIVE: This paper outlines the rationale, development, and design of a randomized controlled trial comparing the effects of an MBI delivered in person or via eHealth in adolescents with a chronic illness...
November 27, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177220/how-to-publish-a-book
#8
Mohammad Al-Ubaydli, Katharine Whitehurst, Kiron Koshy, Buket Gundogan, Riaz Agha
Writing a book can seem like a daunting prospect. However, with the right idea, motivation, and effort, it is entirely possible. In this "How to" article we demonstrate and explain how one can take their book idea and successfully deliver it to publication.
July 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176829/tobacco-industry-attempts-to-frame-smoking-as-a-disability-under-the-1990-americans-with-disabilities-act
#9
Yvette van der Eijk, Stanton A Glantz
Using the Truth Tobacco Industry Documents Library and Congressional records, we examined the tobacco industry's involvement with the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). During legislative drafting of the ADA (1989-1990), the Tobacco Institute, the tobacco industry's lobbying and public relations arm at the time, worked with industry lawyers and civil rights groups to include smoking in the ADA's definition of "disability." Focus was on smoking as a perceived rather than actual disability so that tobacco companies could maintain that smoking is not addictive...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172346/antibiotic-guardians-the-role-of-the-dental-profession
#10
Anwen L Cope, Michael A O Lewis
The increasing emergence of antibiotic resistance is a major international public health problem. As a consequence, it is essential that steps are taken to conserve the effectiveness of existing antimicrobial agents. Consumption of antibiotics is the prime contributor to the development of resistance. General dental practitioners write almost 1 out of 10 prescriptions for antibiotics in primary care within the UK and therefore the prudent prescribing of antibiotics in dentistry has never been more vital. This paper outlines the impact of antimicrobial resistance on modern healthcare, describes the current use of antibiotics in general dental practice, and recommends pragmatic ways in which dental practitioners can evaluate and optimize their prescribing...
April 2017: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171194/third-person-self-talk-reduces-ebola-worry-and-risk-perception-by-enhancing-rational-thinking
#11
Ethan Kross, Brian D Vickers, Ariana Orvell, Izzy Gainsburg, Tim P Moran, Margaret Boyer, John Jonides, Jason Moser, Ozlem Ayduk
BACKGROUND: During the fall of 2014, the threat of an Ebola outbreak gripped the United States (Poll, 8-12 October 2014; see Harvard School of Public Health & SSRS, 2014), creating a unique opportunity to advance basic knowledge concerning how emotion regulation works in consequential contexts and translate existing research in this area to inform public health and policy. METHOD: We addressed these issues by examining whether third-person self-talk, a simple technique that promotes emotion regulation, could nudge people into reasoning about Ebola more rationally...
November 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166249/qualitative-exploration-of-cross-sector-perspectives-on-the-contributions-of-local-health-departments-in-land-use-and-transportation-policy
#12
Meera Sreedhara, Karin Valentine Goins, Semra A Aytur, Rodney Lyn, Jay E Maddock, Robin Riessman, Thomas L Schmid, Heather Wooten, Stephenie C Lemon
INTRODUCTION: Transportation and land-use policies can affect the physical activity of populations. Local health departments (LHDs) are encouraged to participate in built-environment policy processes, which are outside their traditional expertise. Cross-sector collaborations are needed, yet stakeholders' perceptions of LHD involvement are not well understood. The objective of this study was to describe the perceived value of LHD participation in transportation and land-use decision making and potential contributions to these processes among stakeholders...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166127/bat-biology-genomes-and-the-bat1k-project-to-generate-chromosome-level-genomes-for-all-living-bat-species
#13
Emma Teeling, Sonja Vernes, Liliana M Davalos, David A Ray, M Thomas P Gilbert, Eugene Myers, Bat K Consortium
Bats are unique among mammals, possessing some of the rarest mammalian adaptations, including true self-powered flight, laryngeal echolocation, exceptional longevity, unique immunity, contracted genomes, and vocal learning. They provide key ecosystem services, pollinating tropical plants, dispersing seeds, and controlling insect pest populations, thus driving healthy ecosystems. They account for more than 20% of all living mammalian diversity, and their crown-group evolutionary history dates back to the Eocene...
November 20, 2017: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162571/classroom-promotion-of-oral-language-cpol-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-school-based-intervention-to-improve-children-s-literacy-outcomes-at-grade-3-oral-language-and-mental-health
#14
Sharon Goldfeld, Pamela Snow, Patricia Eadie, John Munro, Lisa Gold, Ha N D Le, Francesca Orsini, Beth Shingles, Katherine Lee, Judy Connell, Amy Watts
INTRODUCTION: Oral language and literacy competence are major influences on children's developmental pathways and life success. Children who do not develop the necessary language and literacy skills in the early years of school then go on to face long-term difficulties. Improving teacher effectiveness may be a critical step in lifting oral language and literacy outcomes. The Classroom Promotion of Oral Language trial aims to determine whether a specifically designed teacher professional learning programme focusing on promoting oral language can lead to improved teacher knowledge and practice, and advance outcomes in oral language and literacy for early years school children, compared with usual practice...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162150/a-content-analysis-of-dissemination-and-implementation-science-resource-initiatives-what-types-of-resources-do-they-offer-to-advance-the-field
#15
Doyanne Darnell, Caitlin N Dorsey, Abigail Melvin, Jonathan Chi, Aaron R Lyon, Cara C Lewis
BACKGROUND: The recent growth in organized efforts to advance dissemination and implementation (D & I) science suggests a rapidly expanding community focused on the adoption and sustainment of evidence-based practices (EBPs). Although promising for the D & I of EBPs, the proliferation of initiatives is difficult for any one individual to navigate and summarize. Such proliferation may also result in redundant efforts or missed opportunities for participation and advancement. A review of existing D & I science resource initiatives and their unique merits would be a significant step for the field...
November 21, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132360/neoanalysis-a-python-based-toolbox-for-quick-electrophysiological-data-processing-and-analysis
#16
Bo Zhang, Ji Dai, Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: In a typical electrophysiological experiment, especially one that includes studying animal behavior, the data collected normally contain spikes, local field potentials, behavioral responses and other associated data. In order to obtain informative results, the data must be analyzed simultaneously with the experimental settings. However, most open-source toolboxes currently available for data analysis were developed to handle only a portion of the data and did not take into account the sorting of experimental conditions...
November 13, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124522/retraction-note-to-potential-start-codon-targeted-scot-and-interretrotransposon-amplified-polymorphism-irap-markers-for-evaluation-of-genetic-diversity-and-conservation-of-wild-pistacia-species-population
#17
Karim Sorkheh, Nazanin Amirbakhtiar, Sezai Ercisli
"This article has been retracted by the Publisher in agreement with the Editor-in-Chief, because it contains portions of writings on the same topic already published and without sufficient attribution to these earlier works being given. The principal authors of the paper acknowledged that text from background sources was mistakenly used in this article without proper reference to the original source. Upon investigation carried out according to the Committee on Publication Ethics guidelines, it has been found that the authors have duplicated or rephrased parts from other articles of which the main sources...
December 2017: Biochemical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123065/how-the-news-media-activate-public-expression-and-influence-national-agendas
#18
Gary King, Benjamin Schneer, Ariel White
We demonstrate that exposure to the news media causes Americans to take public stands on specific issues, join national policy conversations, and express themselves publicly-all key components of democratic politics-more often than they would otherwise. After recruiting 48 mostly small media outlets, we chose groups of these outlets to write and publish articles on subjects we approved, on dates we randomly assigned. We estimated the causal effect on proximal measures, such as website pageviews and Twitter discussion of the articles' specific subjects, and distal ones, such as national Twitter conversation in broad policy areas...
November 10, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118044/a-practical-guide-to-conducting-and-writing-medical-record-review-studies
#19
Asad E Patanwala
PURPOSE: A practical guide to conducting and reporting medical record review studies, including instruction and insights on topics ranging from idea conception to manuscript submission, is provided. SUMMARY: Research based on the retrospective collection and analysis of data from medical records is often the first type of research conducted by new investigators; such research can be particularly useful in high-acuity populations and is often more feasible and cost-effective than prospective studies...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109070/artificial-intelligence-learning-semantics-via-external-resources-for-classifying-diagnosis-codes-in-discharge-notes
#20
Chin Lin, Chia-Jung Hsu, Yu-Sheng Lou, Shih-Jen Yeh, Chia-Cheng Lee, Sui-Lung Su, Hsiang-Cheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Automated disease code classification using free-text medical information is important for public health surveillance. However, traditional natural language processing (NLP) pipelines are limited, so we propose a method combining word embedding with a convolutional neural network (CNN). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare the performance of traditional pipelines (NLP plus supervised machine learning models) with that of word embedding combined with a CNN in conducting a classification task identifying International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) diagnosis codes in discharge notes...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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