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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431554/a-need-to-accelerate-health-research-productivity-in-an-african-university-the-case-of-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences
#1
Damalie Nakanjako, Dickens Akena, Dan K Kaye, James Tumwine, Elialilia Okello, Annettee Nakimuli, Andrew Kambugu, Hazel McCullough, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Moses R Kamya, Nelson K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS) has taken strides in research and training to improve healthcare through collaborative training and research programs. However, there is limited data on the trends of MakCHS faculty contributions to research and on faculty growth to take leading roles in health research. This paper reviews MakCHS faculty research publications over 15.5 years and outlines possible strategies to enhance faculty research outputs...
April 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416209/-is-the-formal-quality-of-multiple-choice-questions-used-for-continuing-medical-education-influenced-by-guidelines-for-authors-provided-by-the-publishing-houses
#2
Sabine Drossard, Daniel Bauer, Martin Fischer, Lisa Kühne-Eversmann
INTRODUCTION: The widespread use of flawed multiple choice questions (MCQs) in continuing medical education (CME) has been demonstrated in different studies. In recent years, quality control measures have been established by some German publishing houses to ensure the quality of MCQs. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study is to evaluate whether the quality of author's guidelines and the quality of MCQs correlate and whether the quality of MCQs in CME has improved following the implementation of quality control measures...
April 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408856/writing-skills-enhancement-for-public-health-professionals-in-rwanda
#3
Raywat Deonandan, Nodine Sangwa, Steve Kanters, Sabin Nsanzimana
In 2013, Canadian scholars delivered a 1-week workshop to 30 junior public health professionals in Rwanda. The goal was to improve the Rwandans' skills and confidence with respect to writing scientific papers for submission to international peer-reviewed global health journals. As a result of the workshop, there was a statistically significant improvement in participants' reported confidence in many aspects of navigating the publishing process, but no improvement in confidence regarding statistically analyzing their data...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399918/quality-of-death-notification-forms-in-north-west-bank-palestine-a-descriptive-study
#4
Jamal A S Qaddumi, Zaher Nazzal, Allam R S Yacoup, Mahmoud Mansour
BACKGROUND: The death notification forms (DNFs) are important documents. Thus, inability to fill it properly by physicians will affect the national mortality report and, consequently, the evidence-based decision making. The errors in filling DNFs are common all over the world and are different in types and causes. We aimed to evaluate the quality of DNFs in terms of completeness and types of errors in the cause of death section. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted to review 2707 DNFs in North West Bank/Palestine during the year 2012 using data abstraction sheets...
April 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399846/palliative-sedation-challenging-the-professional-competency-of-health-care-providers-and-staff-a-qualitative-focus-group-and-personal-written-narrative-study
#5
Danièle Leboul, Régis Aubry, Jean-Michel Peter, Victor Royer, Jean-François Richard, Frédéric Guirimand
BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances in palliative medicine, sedating a terminally ill patient is regarded as an indispensable treatment to manage unbearable suffering. With the prospect of widespread use of palliative sedation, the feelings and representations of health care providers and staff (carers) regarding sedation must be carefully explored if we are to gain a better understanding of its impact and potential pitfalls. The objective of the study was to provide a comprehensive description of the opinions of carers about the use of sedation practices in palliative care units (PCU), which have become a focus of public attention following changes in legislation...
April 11, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394105/introducing-scientific-writing-as-mandatory-topic-in-bachelor-nursing-program-experience-of-the-university-of-dubrovnik-croatia
#6
Mihaela Zidarić, Višnja Vičić-Hudorović, Narcis Hudorović
One of the methods that have been used to encourage student reflection skills is scientific writing. The purpose of this article is to discuss implementation of obligatory study topic with the main objective to increase the skills of scientific writing among students of Bachelor Nursing Curriculum and its relation to scientific publishing volume of Bachelor degree students from the University of Dubrovnik. By searching the local rank database called HRČAK, data were collected on publication volume of the Bachelor course students at the University of Dubrovnik from 2010 to 2014...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388311/the-character-of-published-scholarship-by-top-ranked-african-american-faculty-in-u-s-social-work-programs
#7
Junior Lloyd Allen
PURPOSE: This article examines the publication productivity of the (N = 14) top-ranked U.S. Black/African American scholars in the U.S. News and World Report Schools of Social Work, as identified by Huggins-Hoyt, Holosko, Briggs, and Barner (2015). METHOD: Publication information for each participant were taken from the Publish or Perish software site with an "author impact" search criteria that examined their lifetime publication history. RESULTS: Results suggested that these authors: (a) published collaboratively, (b) published highly on issues pertaining to Black/African American inequality, and (c) published in journals with both high-impact scores and high-impact readership...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387823/synopsis-of-guidelines-for-the-clinical-management-of-cerebral-cavernous-malformations-consensus-recommendations-based-on-systematic-literature-review-by-the-angioma-alliance-scientific-advisory-board-clinical-experts-panel
#8
Amy Akers, Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Issam A Awad, Kristen Dahlem, Kelly Flemming, Blaine Hart, Helen Kim, Ignacio Jusue-Torres, Douglas Kondziolka, Cornelia Lee, Leslie Morrison, Daniele Rigamonti, Tania Rebeiz, Elisabeth Tournier-Lasserve, Darrel Waggoner, Kevin Whitehead
BACKGROUND: Despite many publications about cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs), controversy remains regarding diagnostic and management strategies. OBJECTIVE: To develop guidelines for CCM management. METHODS: The Angioma Alliance ( www.angioma.org ), the patient support group in the United States advocating on behalf of patients and research in CCM, convened a multidisciplinary writing group comprising expert CCM clinicians to help summarize the existing literature related to the clinical care of CCM, focusing on 5 topics: (1) epidemiology and natural history, (2) genetic testing and counseling, (3) diagnostic criteria and radiology standards, (4) neurosurgical considerations, and (5) neurological considerations...
April 7, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377805/no-such-thing-as-mental-illness-critical-reflections-on-the-major-ideas-and-legacy-of-thomas-szasz
#9
EDITORIAL
Tony B Benning
Enfant terrible of psychiatry and widely known as one of its most indefatigable as well as iconoclastic critics, Thomas Szasz (1961-2012) had a prolific writing career that extended some 51 years beyond the publication of his first book, The Myth of Mental Illness, in 1961. This editorial identifies and critically discusses three major themes in Szasz's writings: his contention that there is no such thing as mental illness, his contention that individual responsibility is never compromised in those suffering from what is generally considered as mental illness, and his perennial interest in calling attention to the political nature of psychiatric diagnosis...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377681/writing-together-to-get-ahead-an-interprofessional-boot-camp-to-support-scholarly-writing-in-the-health-professions
#10
Megan von Isenburg, Linda S Lee, Marilyn H Oermann
BACKGROUND: Writing for publication is an integral skill for both sharing research findings and career advancement, yet many faculty lack expertise, support, and time to author scholarly publications. Health professions educators identified writing as an area in which a new educators' academy could offer support. CASE PRESENTATION: To address this need, a writing task force was formed consisting of a librarian, a School of Medicine faculty member, and a School of Nursing faculty member...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376994/building-emergency-public-information-structures-for-response-lessons-learned-from-new-york-city
#11
Nancy Silvestri
For an effective response, emergency public information operations should be structured to facilitate the provision of timely, accurate, accessible information to the public. A frequent challenge in building a public information structure is identifying the potential staff to allow the operation to get big enough, fast enough. A plan for managing public information operations should define roles to fulfil basic functions (responding to media enquiries, writing materials, disseminating information, media and social media monitoring, community engagement and identifying and addressing rumours)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375751/write-more-articles-get-more-grants-the-impact-of-department-climate-on-faculty-research-productivity
#12
Jennifer Sheridan, Julia N Savoy, Anna Kaatz, You-Geon Lee, Amarette Filut, Molly Carnes
BACKGROUND: Many studies find that female faculty in academic medicine, science, and engineering experience adverse workplace climates. This study longitudinally investigates whether department climate is associated with future research productivity and whether the associations are stronger for female than male faculty. METHOD: Two waves of a faculty climate survey, institutional grant records, and publication records were collected for 789 faculties in academic medicine, science, and engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison between 2000 and 2010...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371455/barriers-and-facilitators-for-psychiatrists-in-managing-mental-health-patients-in-hong-kong-impact-of-chinese-culture-and-health-system
#13
Kai Sing Sun, Tai Pong Lam, Kwok Fai Lam, Tak Lam Lo
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the barriers and facilitators for psychiatrists in managing mental health patients under a Chinese context and a mixed private-public health system. METHODS: Two focus group interviews were conducted to explore the in-depth opinions of psychiatrists in Hong Kong. The themes identified from the focus groups were investigated in a questionnaire survey with data from 83 psychiatrists working in public and private sectors. RESULTS: No insurance coverage of mental health problems, patients' poor compliance of medication, and stigma of seeing psychiatrists were rated as the top barriers in the survey...
March 28, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370721/detection-and-imaging-of-thermochromic-ink-compounds-in-erasable-pens-using-desorption-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry-desi-ms
#14
Amin Khatami, Shamina S Prova, Aafreen Bagga, Michelle Ting, Gurnoor Brar, Demian R Ifa
RATIONALE: Thermochromic ink pens are widely accessible worldwide and have gained popularity among the general public. These pens are very useful to undo mistakes while writing important documents or exams. They are also, however, extensively misused in committing crimes such as counterfeiting checks or wills. Thus, the forensics community is in need of techniques that will allow these forgeries to be detected rapidly, reliably and conveniently. METHODS: Thermochromic ink compounds were investigated using Desorption Electrospray Ionization (DESI) coupled with an LTQ mass spectrometer and Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)...
March 30, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369581/guild-guidance-for-information-about-linking-data-sets%C3%A2
#15
Ruth Gilbert, Rosemary Lafferty, Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Katie Harron, Li-Chun Zhang, Peter Smith, Chris Dibben, Harvey Goldstein
Record linkage of administrative and survey data is increasingly used to generate evidence to inform policy and services. Although a powerful and efficient way of generating new information from existing data sets, errors related to data processing before, during and after linkage can bias results. However, researchers and users of linked data rarely have access to information that can be used to assess these biases or take them into account in analyses. As linked administrative data are increasingly used to provide evidence to guide policy and services, linkage error, which disproportionately affects disadvantaged groups, can undermine evidence for public health...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368270/lack-of-research-amongst-undergraduate-medical-students-in-india-it-s-time-to-act-and-act-now
#16
Rajesh Garg, Shobha Goyal, Kamaljit Singh
Participation in research is important in producing doctors with an understanding of evidence-based medicine. Though a mandatory part in post-graduation medical course, research has largely been invisible from the under graduation medical course in India. Very few opportunities are available at under graduate level. The reason behind this is lack of encouragement, lack of basic infrastructure, facilities and structured mentorship programs, no extra incentives to researchers and the long journey to get academic acclaim...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359338/development-of-the-good-health-research-practice-course-ensuring-quality-across-all-health-research-in-humans
#17
Patricia Henley, Varalakshmi Elango, Olaf Horstick, Riris Andono Ahmad, Christine Maure, Pascal Launois, Corinne Merle, Jamila Nabieva, Yodi Mahendradhata
Quality and ethics need to be embedded into all areas of research with human participants. Good Clinical Practice (GCP) guidelines are international ethical and scientific quality standards for designing, conducting, recording and reporting trials involving human participants. Compliance with GCP is expected to provide public assurance that the rights, safety and wellbeing of participants are protected and that the clinical research data are credible. However, whilst GCP guidelines, particularly their principles, are recommended across all research types, it is difficult for non-clinical trial research to fit in with the exacting requirements of GCP...
March 31, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355329/parkinson-s-disease-200-years-the-outstanding-contribution-of-old-hubert
#18
Hélio A G Teive, Renato P Munhoz, Andrew J Lees
Two hundred years after the publication, of "An Essay on the Shaking Palsy", this indisputable landmark in our understanding of the nature of Parkinson's disease still remains. What is frequently overlooked, however, is the originality of James Parkinson's ideas about how clinical observations could be segregated into diagnostic entities. Parkinson was a surgeon apothecary with wide ranging interests outside medicine including geology and paleontology. He was also a strong campaigner for social change and a political pamphleteer, writing under the nom de plume of "Old Hubert"...
March 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349240/the-human-gene-mutation-database-towards-a-comprehensive-repository-of-inherited-mutation-data-for-medical-research-genetic-diagnosis-and-next-generation-sequencing-studies
#19
REVIEW
Peter D Stenson, Matthew Mort, Edward V Ball, Katy Evans, Matthew Hayden, Sally Heywood, Michelle Hussain, Andrew D Phillips, David N Cooper
The Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD(®)) constitutes a comprehensive collection of published germline mutations in nuclear genes that underlie, or are closely associated with human inherited disease. At the time of writing (March 2017), the database contained in excess of 203,000 different gene lesions identified in over 8000 genes manually curated from over 2600 journals. With new mutation entries currently accumulating at a rate exceeding 17,000 per annum, HGMD represents de facto the central unified gene/disease-oriented repository of heritable mutations causing human genetic disease used worldwide by researchers, clinicians, diagnostic laboratories and genetic counsellors, and is an essential tool for the annotation of next-generation sequencing data...
March 27, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345441/prevalence-and-cost-of-subsequent-fractures-among-u-s-patients-with-an-incident-fracture
#20
Jessica Weaver, Shiva Sajjan, E Michael Lewiecki, Steven T Harris, Panagiotis Marvos
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and cost of subsequent fractures among patients with an incident fracture are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of, and costs associated with, subsequent fractures in the year after an incident fracture. METHODS: This was a retrospective claims database analysis using data from Humana Medicare Advantage claims (Medicare group) and Optum Insight Clinformatics Data Mart commercial claims (commercial group)...
April 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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