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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666022/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-uk-public-to-understand-use-of-online-ratings-and-reviews-of-health-services
#1
Michelle H van Velthoven, Helen Atherton, John Powell
OBJECTIVES: To identify the self-reported behaviour of the public in reading and writing online feedback in relation to health services. METHODS: A face-to-face cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of the UK population. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were undertaken to describe and explore the use of online feedback. RESULTS: 2036 participants were surveyed, and of 1824 Internet users, 42% (n = 760) had read online health care feedback and 8% (n = 147) had provided this feedback in the last year...
April 9, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665701/writing-for-quantitative-research-publication-a-brief-outline
#2
Maher M El-Masri, Susan Fox-Wasylyshyn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmières
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660317/history-of-cryobiology-with-special-emphasis-in-evolution-of-mouse-sperm-cryopreservation
#3
REVIEW
Jorge M Sztein, Toru Takeo, Naomi Nakagata
Confucius said study the past if you would define the future and a popular statement says that history depends on who writes it. To talk about history it is necessary to find and define a milestone where to start the narration. The intention of this quick review is to take the reader through moments and selected publications; part and pieces of memories showing how the concept of cryopreservation, specifically for mouse sperm, was conceived and sustained as we know it today. Beginning with the development of the microscope (1677) and continuing through the 17th century with the first documented observation by L...
April 13, 2018: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659832/average-sperm-count-remains-unchanged-despite-reduction-in-maternal-smoking-results-from-a-large-cross-sectional-study-with-annual-investigations-over-21-years
#4
L Priskorn, L Nordkap, A K Bang, M Krause, S A Holmboe, D L Egeberg Palme, S B Winge, N Mørup, E Carlsen, U N Joensen, M Blomberg Jensen, K M Main, A Juul, N E Skakkebaek, T K Jensen, N Jørgensen
STUDY QUESTION: How are temporal trends in lifestyle factors, including exposure to maternal smoking in utero, associated to semen quality in young men from the general population? SUMMARY ANSWER: Exposure to maternal smoking was associated with lower sperm counts but no overall increase in sperm counts was observed during the study period despite a decrease in this exposure. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Meta-analyses suggest a continuous decline in semen quality but few studies have investigated temporal trends in unselected populations recruited and analysed with the same protocol over a long period and none have studied simultaneous trends in lifestyle factors...
April 11, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643159/role-of-iodine-containing-multivitamins-during-pregnancy-for-children-s-brain-function-protocol-of-an-ongoing-randomised-controlled-trial-the-swiddich-study
#5
Sofia Manousou, Birgitta Johansson, Anna Chmielewska, Janna Eriksson, Kerstin Gutefeldt, Carl-Johan Tornhage, Robert Eggertsen, Helge Malmgren, Lena Hulthen, Magnus Domellöf, Helena Nystrom Filipsson
INTRODUCTION: Iodine is essential for normal brain development. Moderate and severe fetal iodine deficiency results in substantial to serious developmental delay in children. Mild iodine deficiency in pregnancy is associated with neurodevelopmental deficits in the offspring, but evidence from randomised trials is lacking. The aim of the Swedish Iodine in Pregnancy and Development in Children study is to determine the effect of daily supplementation with 150 µg iodine during pregnancy on the offspring's neuropsychological development up to 14 years of age...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629790/the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experience-ace-and-school-success-in-elementary-school-children
#6
Christopher Blodgett, Jane D Lanigan
We explored the feasibility of using school personnel as reporters to examine the relationship between the level of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) exposure in a nonclinical sample of public elementary schoolchildren and academic risk. We selected a random sample of 2,101 children from kindergarten through 6th grade classroom rosters at 10 elementary schools. Students were 50% male, 78% White, and 55% free and reduced meal program participants. School personnel reported their factual knowledge of 10 ACEs and academic risk in a database controlled by the schools...
March 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627284/blogs-written-by-families-during-their-child-s-hospitalization-a-thematic-narrative-analysis
#7
Carolyn W Jones, Mary R Lynn
PURPOSE: To identify stressors experienced by parents whose child is hospitalized in an intensive care unit, and identify coping mechanisms utilized to ameliorate those stressors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using Lazarus and Folkman's Transactional Model of Stress and Coping as a framework, 20 publicly available blogs written by parents while their child was a patient in intensive care were analyzed using thematic analysis techniques. Stressors and coping techniques were identified, and grouped by theme for further analysis...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620013/the-2017-ilae-classification-of-seizure-types-and-the-epilepsies-what-do-people-with-epilepsy-and-their-caregivers-need-to-know
#8
Martin J Brodie, Sameer M Zuberi, Ingrid E Scheffer, Robert S Fisher
The International League against Epilepsy (ILAE) published in the April 2017 edition of Epilepsia three companion articles on the classification of seizures and the epilepsies. These represent a long-awaited update on the original 1981 and 1989 publications and provide a modern descriptive template. The new classification presents three levels of terminology, involving seizure types, epilepsy types, and syndromes. In this fourth paper, we present an interpretation of these new concepts for people with epilepsy and those who care for them, as well as for young medical doctors not specialized in epilepsy and nurses...
April 5, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590513/genome-surgery
#9
Marnie Klein
When Kai Kupferschmidt writes about CRISPR-based gene editing in German, he faces an obstacle: there's no exact translation for "editing" that has the same connotations as it has in English. Instead, as he explained last fall at The Hastings Center's preconference symposium on new genetic technologies at the World Conference of Science Journalists, he draws on a variety of phrases, including "genome surgery," which conveys precision in Kupferschmidt's assessment, and "gene scissors," which communicates CRISPR's mechanistic nature...
March 2018: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578847/development-of-quality-indicators-to-assess-oral-anticoagulant-management-in-community-pharmacies-for-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#10
Mylène Chartrand, Line Guénette, Denis Brouillette, Stéphane Côté, Roger Huot, Jérôme Landry, Josée Martineau, Sylvie Perreault, Brian White-Guay, David Williamson, Élisabeth Martin, Marie-Mireille Gagnon, Lyne Lalonde
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the quality of oral anticoagulant management by community pharmacists. There is no complete set of quality indicators available for this purpose. OBJECTIVE: To develop a set of specific quality indicators to assess oral anticoagulant management by community pharmacists for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: Quality indicators were developed in 3 phases. In phase 1, potential quality indicators were generated based on clinical guidelines and a literature review...
April 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577022/writing-a-review-article-are-you-making-these-mistakes
#11
Heike E Daldrup-Link
An explosion of scientific publications over the last decades has increased the need for review articles: Carefully crafted scientific review articles can provide the novice reader with an overview of a new subject and provide the expert with a synthesis of scientific evidence, proof of reproducibility of published data and pooled estimates of common truth through meta-analyses. Unfortunately, while there are ample presentations and published guidelines for the preparation of scientific articles available, detailed information about how to properly prepare scientific review articles is relatively scarce...
2018: Nanotheranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572952/a-genealogy-of-animal-diseases-and-social-anthropology-1870-2000
#12
Frédéric Keck
Culling, vaccinating, and monitoring animals are the three main techniques used in contemporary veterinary public health to manage animal diseases that can be transmitted to humans. Each technique is underpinned by different ontological understandings of how microbes figure in relations between humans and animals. Therefore, animal diseases are not only a question for an applied anthropology but also involve the theoretical core of the discipline i.e., understanding how social causality emerges out of physical causality...
March 23, 2018: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562407/-chinese-protocol-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-colorectal-cancer
#13
(no author information available yet)
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in China. In 2012 one million thirty six thousand cases of colorectal cancer were diagnosed all over the world, two hundred fifty three thousand cases were diagnosed in China (accounted for 18.6%). China has the largest number of new cases of colorectal cancer in the world. Colorectal cancer has becoming a serious threat of Chinese residents' health. In 2010, the National Ministry of Health organized colorectal cancer expertise of the Chinese Medical Association to write the "Chinese Protocol of Diagnosis and Treatment of Colorectal Cancer" (2010edition), and publish it publicly...
April 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559750/sts-sca-amsect-clinical-practice-guidelines-anticoagulation-during-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#14
Linda Shore-Lesserson, Robert A Baker, Victor Ferraris, Philip E Greilich, David Fitzgerald, Philip Roman, John Hammon
Despite more than a half century of "safe" cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), the evidence base surrounding the conduct of anticoagulation for CPB has not been organized into a succinct guideline. For this and other reasons, there is enormous practice variability relating to the use and dosing of heparin, monitoring heparin anticoagulation, reversal of anticoagulation, and the use of alternative anticoagulants. To address this and other gaps, the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS), the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists (SCA), and the American Society of Extracorporeal Technology (AmSECT) developed an Evidence Based Workgroup...
March 2018: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557756/addressing-suicide-risk-in-partners-and-relatives-bereaved-by-suicide
#15
Alexandra Pitman
Analyses of population-based registers provide evidence to support an increased risk of suicide and mental illness after the suicide of a relative or partner. This editorial explores the implications of this work for progressing recommendations made in suicide prevention strategies regarding the specific support provided to people bereaved by suicide. Declaration of interest A.P. served on the Public Health England expert reference committee contributing to local guidance on commissioning and delivering postvention support (Public Health England, 2016...
April 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556187/arkheia-data-management-and-communication-for-open-computational-neuroscience
#16
Ján Antolík, Andrew P Davison
Two trends have been unfolding in computational neuroscience during the last decade. First, a shift of focus to increasingly complex and heterogeneous neural network models, with a concomitant increase in the level of collaboration within the field (whether direct or in the form of building on top of existing tools and results). Second, a general trend in science toward more open communication, both internally, with other potential scientific collaborators, and externally, with the wider public. This multi-faceted development toward more integrative approaches and more intense communication within and outside of the field poses major new challenges for modelers, as currently there is a severe lack of tools to help with automatic communication and sharing of all aspects of a simulation workflow to the rest of the community...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546357/teaching-epidemiology-at-the-undergraduate-level-considerations-and-approaches
#17
Emily Goldmann, James H Stark, Farzana Kapadia, Matthew B McQueen
The rapid growth in undergraduate public health education has offered an increasing number of undergraduate students training in epidemiology. Epidemiology courses introduce undergraduate students to a population health perspective and provide opportunities for these students to build essential skills and competencies such as ethical reasoning, teamwork, comprehension of scientific methods, critical thinking, quantitative and information literacy, ability to analyze public health information, and effective writing and oral communication...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531025/misrepresentation-and-distortion-of-research-in-biomedical-literature
#18
Isabelle Boutron, Philippe Ravaud
Publication in peer-reviewed journals is an essential step in the scientific process. However, publication is not simply the reporting of facts arising from a straightforward analysis thereof. Authors have broad latitude when writing their reports and may be tempted to consciously or unconsciously "spin" their study findings. Spin has been defined as a specific intentional or unintentional reporting that fails to faithfully reflect the nature and range of findings and that could affect the impression the results produce in readers...
March 13, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530047/building-the-evidence-base-on-the-hiv-programme-in-india-an-integrated-approach-to-document-programmatic-learnings
#19
Deepika Ganju, Bidhubhusan Mahapatra, Rajatashuvra Adhikary, Sangram Kishor Patel, Niranjan Saggurti, Gina Dallabetta
BACKGROUND: The Knowledge Network project was launched in 2010 to build evidence on the HIV epidemic by using the data generated by HIV programme implementing organisations in India. This paper describes the implementation of the programme and the strategies adopted to enhance the capacity of individuals to document and publish HIV prevention programme learnings. Further, it discusses the outcomes of the initiative. METHODS: A multipronged approach was adopted, where a group of experts were brought together to collaborate with programme implementing organisations, review available data, develop research questions and guide peer-reviewed publications...
March 12, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521590/american-views-of-sir-victor-horsley-in-the-era-of-cushing
#20
Kurt R Lehner, Michael Schulder
Sir Victor Horsley was a pioneering British neurosurgeon known for his numerous neurosurgical, scientific, and sociopolitical contributions. Although word of these surgical and scientific achievements quickly spread throughout Europe and North America in the late 19th century, much of modern neurosurgery's view of Horsley has been colored by a single anecdote from John Fulton's biography of Harvey Cushing. In this account, Cushing observes a frenetic Horsley hastily removing a Gasserian ganglion from a patient in the kitchen of a British mansion...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
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