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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103638/music-interventions-for-acquired-brain-injury
#1
REVIEW
Wendy L Magee, Imogen Clark, Jeanette Tamplin, Joke Bradt
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition, and sensory processing, and in emotional disturbances, which can severely reduce a survivor's quality of life. Music interventions have been used in rehabilitation to stimulate brain functions involved in movement, cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. An update of the systematic review published in 2010 was needed to gauge the efficacy of music interventions in rehabilitation for people with ABI...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103593/executive-dysfunction-and-behavioral-symptoms-are-associated-with-deficits-in-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-in-frontotemporal-dementia
#2
Negar Moheb, Mario F Mendez, Sarah A Kremen, Edmond Teng
BACKGROUND: Deficits in instrumental activities of daily living (ADLs) may be more prominent in behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) than in nonfluent/agrammatic variant primary progressive aphasia (nfvPPA) or semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (svPPA). It is uncertain whether frontotemporal dementia (FTD) subgroups exhibit different patterns and/or predictors of functional impairment. METHODS: We examined data from participants diagnosed with bvFTD (n = 607), svPPA (n = 132), and nfvPPA (n = 155) who were included in the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center (NACC) Uniform Data Set (UDS) and assessed with the Functional Activities Questionnaire (FAQ)...
January 20, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102890/handgrip-strength-in-old-and-very-old-adults-mood-cognition-function-and-mortality
#3
Jochanan Stessman, Yakir Rottenberg, Matan Fischer, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jeremy M Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: To determine the trajectory of handgrip strength (HGS) from age 70 to 90 and its association with mood, cognition, functional status, and mortality. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up of an age-homogenous representative community-dwelling cohort (born 1920-21) in the Jerusalem Longitudinal Cohort Study (1990-2015). SETTING: Home-based assessment. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects aged 70 (n = 327), 78 (n = 384), 85 (n = 1187), and 90 (n = 406), examined in 1990, 1998, 2005, and 2010, respectively...
January 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102165/occupational-activity-in-patients-10-years-after-hip-replacement-surgery
#4
Teresa Pop, Ewelina Czenczek-Lewandowska, Bogumił Lewandowski, Justyna Leszczak, Justyna Podgórska-Bednarz, Joanna Baran
BACKGROUND: Advanced hip osteoarthritis requires total joint replacement surgery to improve daily activity, including occupational activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate employment status among patients 10 years after hip replacement surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 63 patients who underwent total hip replacement surgery at the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology between 2003 and 2005 were enrolled in the study. At the time of the study (2014), all patients from the study group were of working age...
August 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102163/does-mobility-of-the-elderly-with-hip-fractures-improve-at-one-year-following-surgery-a-5-year-prospective-survey
#5
Babak Pourabbas, Mohammad Jafar Emami, Amir Reza Vosoughi, Hamid Namazi
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture and its consequences are one of the major causes of morbidity and disability in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to collect epidemiologic data and assess the daily activities and walking ability of patients 3 months and 1 year following surgery because of a hip fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We prospectively obtained data of all consecutive patients more than 50 years of age with any type of hip fracture from 2008 to 2013. After excluding pathologic fractures, hip fracture dislocations, non-surgically treated cases, and dead patients, functional status of the subjects at 3 months and 1 year after surgery was evaluated using a 10-degree scale of pain, modified Barthel index of daily activity, and independent walking ability...
August 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101555/predictors-for-living-at-home-after-geriatric-inpatient-rehabilitation-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Jan Kool, Peter Oesch, Stefan Bachmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient characteristics predicting living at home after geriatric rehabilitation. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PATIENTS: A total of 210 patients aged 65 years or older receiving inpatient rehabilitation. METHODS: Candidate predictors evaluated during rehabilitation were: age, vulnerability (Vulnerable Elders Survey), multimorbidity (Cumulative Illness Rating Scale), cognition (Mini-Mental State Examination), depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), living alone, previous independence in activities of daily living, fall risk, and mobility at discharge (Timed Up and Go test)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100803/a-new-cue-for-torpor-induction-charcoal-ash-and-smoke
#7
Clare Stawski, Julia Nowack, Gerhard Körtner, Fritz Geiser
Recent work has shown that the use of torpor for energy conservation increases after forest fires in heterothermic mammals, probably in response to the reduction of food. However, the specific environmental cues for this increased torpor expression remain unknown. It is possible that smoke and the novel substrate of charcoal and ash act as signals for an impending period of starvation requiring torpor. We therefore tested the hypothesis that the combined cues of smoke, a charcoal/ash substrate and food shortage will enhance torpor expression in a small forest-dwelling marsupial, the yellow-footed antechinus (Antechinus flavipes), because like other animals that live in fire-prone habitats they must effectively respond to fires to ensure survival...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098788/evaluation-of-potential-average-daily-doses-adds-of-pm2-5-for-homemakers-conducting-pan-frying-inside-ordinary-homes-under-four-ventilation-conditions
#8
Seonyeop Lee, Sol Yu, Sungroul Kim
Several studies reported that commercial barbecue restaurants likely contribute to the indoor emission of particulate matters with a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or less (PM2.5) while pan-frying meat. However, there is inadequate knowledge of exposure level to indoor PM2.5 in homes and the contribution of a typical indoor pan-frying event. We measured the indoor PM2.5 concentration and, using Monte-Carlo simulation, estimated potential average daily dose (ADD) of PM2.5 for homemakers pan-frying a piece of pork inside ordinary homes...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097836/validation-of-the-argentine-spanish-version-of-transition-readiness-assessment-questionnaire-for-adolescents-with-chronic-conditions
#9
Florencia González, Mariana Roizen, María de Las Mercedes Rodríguez Celin, Carmen De Cunto, Alfredo Eymann, Roberto Mato, Patricia García Arrigoni, Raquel Staciuk, Florencia Ugo, Virginia Fano
INTRODUCTION: The transition of adolescents with chronic conditions to adult follow-up care is an increasingly complex process. Patients need to acquire knowledge and skills that ensure continuity of their care. The goal of this study was to validate the Argentinian Spanish version of the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire (TRAQ) 5.0 tool in adolescents and young adults with chronic conditions. POPULATION AND METHODS: Descriptive, crosssectional, quantitative study...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096834/does-the-apache-ii-score-predict-performance-of-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-discharged-from-a-weaning-center
#10
Anna Rojek-Jarmuła, Rainer Hombach, Łukasz J Krzych
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the functional status of patients after prolonged mechanical ventilation are scarce, and little is known about its clinical predictors. AIM: To investigate whether the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score on admission may predict performance in activities of daily living on discharge from a weaning center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All consecutive patients admitted between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2013 were enrolled (n = 130)...
December 2016: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096671/local-mild-hypothermia-therapy-as-an-augmentation-strategy-for-minimally-invasive-surgery-of-hypertensive-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#11
Yu Han, Ke Sheng, Meilan Su, Nan Yang, Dong Wan
BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported that the mild hypothermia therapy (MHT) could significantly improve the clinical outcomes for patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH). Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to systematically assess whether the addition of local MHT (LMHT) could significantly improve the efficacy of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in treating HICH. METHODS: Randomized clinical trials on the combined application of MIS and LMHT (MIS+LMHT) vs MIS alone for treating HICH were searched up to September 2016 in databases...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096664/predictors-of-outcomes-following-reablement-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#12
Hanne Tuntland, Ingvild Kjeken, Eva Langeland, Bjarte Folkestad, Birgitte Espehaug, Oddvar Førland, Mona Kristin Aaslund
BACKGROUND: Reablement is a rehabilitation intervention for community-dwelling older adults, which has recently been implemented in several countries. Its purpose is to improve functional ability in daily occupations (everyday activities) perceived as important by the older person. Performance and satisfaction with performance in everyday life are the major outcomes of reablement. However, the evidence base concerning which factors predict better outcomes and who receives the greatest benefit in reablement is lacking...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096656/analysis-of-pramipexole-dose-response-relationships-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Ying Wang, Sheng-Gang Sun, Sui-Qiang Zhu, Chun-Feng Liu, Yi-Ming Liu, Qing Di, Hui-Fang Shang, Yan Ren, Wei Xiang, Sheng-Di Chen
BACKGROUND: Pramipexole (PPX), a non-ergot dopamine receptor agonist, is a first-line treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). A critical dose level above which a better benefit-to-harm ratio exists has not been examined. METHODS: Chinese PD patients (n=464) were retrospectively analyzed by PPX maintenance dose, PD stage, combined levodopa dose, and baseline tremor contribution. The sum score of Baseline Activities of Daily Living (part II) and Motor Examination (III) of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS II+III) was used as a covariate for final score adjustment...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096256/chronic-symptoms-in-a-representative-sample-of-community-dwelling-older-people-a-cross-sectional-study-in-switzerland
#14
Yves Henchoz, Christophe Büla, Idris Guessous, Nicolas Rodondi, René Goy, Maurice Demont, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
OBJECTIVES: The burden of multiple diagnoses is well documented in older people, but less is known about chronic symptoms, many of which are even not brought to medical attention. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of chronic symptoms, their relationships with disability in basic activities of daily living (BADL) and quality of life (QoL), and their public health impact. DESIGN: A large cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: Community in 2 regions of French-speaking Switzerland...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094191/functional-results-of-bilateral-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#15
Chris R Mellano, Robert Thorsness, Peter N Chalmers, Terrence F Feldheim, Patrick O'Donnell, Brian J Cole, Nikhil N Verma, Anthony A Romeo, Gregory P Nicholson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze a population of patients with bilateral reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) to evaluate their ability to perform activities of daily living and personal hygiene tasks. METHODS: At a minimum 2-year follow-up, we retrospectively reviewed 50 patients (100 shoulders) with a mean age of 72 years who underwent staged bilateral RTSA. The average follow-up period was 61 months (range, 24-121 months), with a minimum 2-year follow-up after the second surgical procedure...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093627/-validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-6%C3%A2-item-screener-brief-cognitive-test-with-broad-application-possibilities
#16
S Krupp, A Seebens, J Kasper, M Willkomm, F Balck
BACKGROUND: Especially during admission the detection of cognitive deficits relevant to everyday life should burden patient and examiner as little as possible. The 6‑item screener (SIS) takes approximately 1 min, is easy to learn, does not require any material and is independent of the patient's visual and fine motor skills. The test was first published in 2002 by Callahan who approved the present German translation. OBJECTIVE: We checked the convergent and discriminant validity, reliability and sensitivity to change of the German translation among geriatric patients...
January 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093258/stooping-crouching-and-standing-characterizing-balance-control-strategies-across-postures
#17
Tyler B Weaver, Michal N Glinka, Andrew C Laing
BACKGROUND: While stooping and crouching postures are critical for many activities of daily living, little is known about the balance control mechanisms employed during these postures. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to characterize the mechanisms driving net center of pressure (COPNet) movement across three postures (standing, stooping, and crouching) and to investigate if control in each posture was influenced by time. METHODS: Ten young adults performed the three postures for 60s each...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092847/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-post-stroke-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#18
REVIEW
XinYi Shen, MingYi Liu, Yu Cheng, Cui Jia, XinYue Pan, QingYun Gou, XinLian Liu, Hui Cao, LuShun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Every year, more than fifteen million people worldwide experience a stroke, nearly 30% of stroke survivors are likely to experience post-stroke depression (PSD). Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is one of the emerging techniques which assist in targeting rehabilitation after stroke. Although deterioration of PSD greatly affects the recovery and quality of life of stroke sufferers, the effect of rTMS therapy has not been systematically studied. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to determine the effect of rTMS on PSD...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092510/unobtrusive-and-wearable-systems-for-automatic-dietary-monitoring
#19
Temiloluwa Prioleau, Elliot Moore, Maysam Ghovanloo
The threat of obesity, diabetes, anorexia and bulimia in our society today has motivated extensive research on dietary monitoring. Standard self-report methods such as 24-hour recall and food frequency questionnaires are expensive, burdensome and unrealiable to handle the growing health crisis. Long-term activity monitoring in daily living is a promising approach to provide individuals with quantitative feedback that can encourage healthier habits. Although several studies have attempted automating dietary monitoring using wearable, hand-held, smartobject, and environmental systems, it remains an open research problem...
January 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092244/-depression-and-burden-on-primary-caregivers-of-elderly-persons-with-physical-dependence-of-the-umf-171
#20
Cristina Navarro-Sandoval, Lizbeth Carlota Uriostegui-Espíritu, Edna Gabriela Delgado-Quiñones, Minerva Natalia Sahagún-Cuevas
BACKGROUND: According to the National Health and Nutrition Survey of 2012, more than a quarter of older adults (26.9%) have some degree of disability, requiring a primary caregiver to perform basic activities of daily living. The aim is to determine the prevalence of depression and burden on primary caregivers of elderly persons with physical dependence. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study with non-probability sampling that included the primary caregivers of elderly patients with physical dependence...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
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