keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Activities of Daily Living

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431396/skeletal-muscle-measures-and-physical-function-in-older-adults-with-cancer-sarcopenia-or-myopenia
#1
Grant R Williams, Allison M Deal, Hyman B Muss, Marc S Weinberg, Hanna K Sanoff, Kirsten A Nyrop, Mackenzi Pergolotti, Shlomit Strulov Shachar
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle loss, commonly known as sarcopenia, is highly prevalent in older adults and linked with adverse outcomes in cancer, yet the definition and role of sarcopenia remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to examine the association of Computerized Tomography (CT) assessed skeletal muscle measures with physical function in older adults with cancer. RESULTS: CTs for 185 patients were available. Median age 73 (IQR 68-76) and 56.5% female. After controlling for sex and BMI, we found no evidence that SMI was associated with physical function impairments...
April 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431307/identifying-longitudinal-sustainable-hierarchies-in-activities-of-daily-living
#2
Roger Watson, Alvisa Palese, Ranieri Zuttion, Barbara Ferrario, Sandra Ponta, Mark Hayter
Activities of daily living serve as an indicator of progression in disability and rehabilitation. It is know that some of the measurement scales used show hierarchical properties indicating that activities of daily living are lost and gained in a consistent pattern. Few studies have investigated the extent to which these patterns are sustained across time and across a range of disability. The study aimed to investigate the hierarchical properties of the activity of daily living items in the ValGraf functional ability scale, to establish if there is a hierarchy of items in the scale and to study the sustainability of the hierarchy over time...
April 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431195/feeding-behavior-and-activity-budget-of-the-southern-yellow-cheeked-crested-gibbons-nomascus-gabriellae-in-a-lowland-tropical-forest
#3
Thanh H Bach, Jin Chen, Minh D Hoang, Kingsly C Beng, Van T Nguyen
The southern yellow-cheeked crested gibbon (Nomascus gabriellae), an endangered species native to Vietnam and Cambodia, lives exclusively in undisturbed tropical forests and depends primarily on ripe fruit for food. Although this species is highly threatened, its ecology and conservation status remain relatively unknown. In order to understand how this heavily frugivorous primate adapts to the seasonal fluctuation of fruit resources in the forest, we collected feeding behavior and ranging activity data on one group of southern yellow-cheeked crested gibbons in Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam, over 1-year period...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430370/extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-field-elf-emf-reduces-oxidative-stress-and-improves-functional-and-psychological-status-in-ischemic-stroke-patients
#4
Natalia Cichoń, Michał Bijak, Elżbieta Miller, Joanna Saluk
As a result of ischaemia/reperfusion, massive generation of reactive oxygen species occurs, followed by decreased activity of antioxidant enzymes. Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) can modulate oxidative stress, but there are no clinical antioxidant studies in brain stroke patients. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of ELF-EMF on clinical and antioxidant status in post-stroke patients. Fifty-seven patients were divided into two groups: ELF-EMF and non-ELF-EMF. Both groups underwent the same 4-week rehabilitation program...
April 21, 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429376/daily-crying-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-older-adult-persons-living-in-nursing-homes-findings-from-a-regional-study
#5
Alvisa Palese, Arianna Simeoni, Antonio Ranieri Zuttion, Barbara Ferrario, Sandra Ponta, Elisa Ambrosi
OBJECTIVES: The study aims to evaluate the prevalence of nursing home (NH) resident crying and associated factors at the individual and NH levels. DESIGN: A regional retrospective study design has been used. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: A total of 8875 residents, living in 105 NHs, were included. MEASUREMENTS: The occurrence of an episode of crying on at least a daily basis in the last month was the dependent variable; independent variables were set at individual and at the NH levels as reported in the Val...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429245/assessing-pruritus-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Allard R J V Vossen, Annelien Schoenmakers, Kelsey R van Straalen, Errol P Prens, Hessel H van der Zee
BACKGROUND: Pruritus is still a forgotten aspect of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) and, to date, has never been adequately studied. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, and explore the characteristics, of pruritus in a well-defined cohort of HS patients. SETTING: An academic hospital-based cross-sectional study in The Netherlands. METHODS: A numerical rating scale (NRS, 0-10) was used to determine the prevalence of HS-related itch (NRS score ≥3)...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428507/-opioid-therapy-and-management-of-side-effects-associated-with-opioids
#7
Toshihiko Nakatani
Opioids are very useful medications to reduce suffering of cancer patients such as refractory pain and dyspnea. We physicians have to use opioids to have good management of pain and suffering associated with cancer including management of side effects caused by opioids. Opioids couple opioid receptors and affect several pharmacological effects. Other than analgesic effect, opioids have some side effects of constipation, nausea and vomiting, respiratory depression. In this chapter, I take important side effects of constipation, nausea and vomiting and respiratory depression...
April 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428506/-a-new-therapeutic-approach-for-cancer-related-breakthrough-pain-focused-on-oral-transmucosal-fentanyl
#8
Kinomi Yomiya, Masayuki Kaneshima, Beni Kyosaka, Etsuko Warita, Rie Hosonuma, Shinnosuke Osato
In 2013, oral transmucosal fentanyl was first approved in Japan for reducing breakthrough pain(BTP). The development of BTP may contribute to less-effective analgesia, a reduced satisfaction with analgesia therapy, obstacles in daily life, mood disorders, and an increased use of healthcare resources. In most BTP, both the duration from BTP onset to its maximum intensity and the overall duration of BTP episodes are relatively short. The need for improved rapid pain relief for BTP in this setting has led to the development of rapid-onset opioids(ROOs), including oral transmucosal fentanyl citrate(OTFC)...
April 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427706/neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder-related-tonic-spasms-responsive-to-lacosamide
#9
A Baheerathan, W J Brownlee, F Rugg-Gunn, D T Chard, S A Trip
Paroxysmal tonic spasms [PTS] are common in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD).1 2 In patients with demyelinating disease, PTS can significantly reduce the quality of life, limit activities of daily living and the rehabilitative process following an acute relapse 3. As in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), paroxysmal tonic spasms in NMOSD usually respond well to treatment with carbamazepine.2 However, the optimal treatment in patients where carbamazepine is contraindicated or poorly tolerated is unclear...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427049/predictive-validity-of-two-physical-frailty-phenotype-specifications-developed-for-investigation-of-frailty-pathways-in-older-people
#10
Yew Yoong Ding
BACKGROUND: For investigating the relationship of frailty with physical, psychological, and social conditions on pathways, the frailty definition should ideally exclude these conditions. Based on the frailty phenotype, 2 candidate physical frailty specifications or instruments with 3 indicators, namely slowness, weakness, and exhaustion, and 4 indicators with addition of weight loss were previously developed, and had their construct and concurrent validity demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to evaluate the predictive validity of 2 candidate physical frailty specifications with respect to death, functional impairment, and poor quality of life in older people...
April 21, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426910/family-and-other-unpaid-caregivers-and-older-adults-with-and-without-dementia-and-disability
#11
Catherine Riffin, Peter H Van Ness, Jennifer L Wolff, Terri Fried
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the number of caregivers providing assistance to community-dwelling older persons with and without dementia and with or without substantial disability; to describe the characteristics of caregivers and care recipients in these groups; to characterize the health-related tasks that caregivers provide; and to estimate associations between the numbers of tasks and caregiver burden. DESIGN: Nationally representative surveys of caregivers and older adults in the United States...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426235/expressive-social-support-buffers-the-impact-of-care-related-work-interruptions-on-caregivers-depressive-symptoms
#12
Shannon Ang, Rahul Malhotra
OBJECTIVE: To assess if expressive and instrumental social support from family and friends moderate the association of care-related work interruptions (e.g. leaving work for the older adult's doctor appointment) with depressive symptoms among working family caregivers of older adults. METHODS: Data were from the Singapore Survey on Informal Caregiving (SSIC). A subsample of 662 dyads, each comprising an older care-recipient [home-dwelling Singaporean aged 75 and older receiving human assistance for at least one activity of daily living (ADL)] and his/her working family caregiver, was analysed...
April 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425243/the-assessment-of-work-productivity-and-activity-impairment-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#13
Gonca Mumcu, Fadime Lehimci, Özlem Fidan, Hülya Gük, Uğur Alpar, Ali Uğur Ünal, Zeynep Ertürk, Fatma Alibaz Öner, Güzide Nevsun Inanç, Safiye Atlas Tulin Ergun, Rafi Haner Direskeneli
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the relationships between the course of Behçet's disease (BD), disease-specific fears, and work productivity and activity impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 110 consecutive BD patients were included. The Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire was used. RESULTS: In the group of employed patients, 30.41% had missed work during the previous week...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425062/patients-lived-experiences-of-nocturia-a-qualitative-study-of-the-evening-the-night-and-the-next-day
#14
Andrew Trigg, Fredrik L Andersson, Natalie V J Aldhouse, Donald L Bliwise, Helen Kitchen
BACKGROUND: Nocturia, waking to urinate two or more times during the night, is a chronic condition associated with significant patient burden due to sleep disruption. This study aimed to explore the lived experiences of patients with nocturia in terms of the disruption to their lives during the night and day. METHODS: Adult patients in the US diagnosed with nocturia were recruited for face-to-face qualitative interviews. Thematic analysis of patients' narratives, taking a phenomenological interpretative approach, summarised their experiences throughout the night and day, including any apparent contrasts between patients...
April 19, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424899/a-polysomnographic-study-in-parkinsonian-patients-treated-with-intestinal-levodopa-infusion
#15
Maurizio Zibetti, Alberto Romagnolo, Aristide Merola, Lorenzo Priano, Elisa Montanaro, Serena Angrisano, Antonella Tribolo, Alessandro Cicolin, Leonardo Lopiano
Sleep disorders are very common in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD) and have a significant negative impact on the quality of life of patients. Questionnaire-based studies suggest that sleep quality might improve following levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) infusion. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of LCIG infusion and subsequent oral medication changes on polysomnography (PSG) and sleep symptoms in advanced PD patients. Eleven PD patients underwent PSG at baseline and after 3.8 ± 1...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422636/impact-of-pans-and-pandas-exacerbations-on-occupational-performance-a-mixed-methods-study
#16
Janice Trigilio Tona, Sutanuka Bhattacharjya, Denise Calaprice
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS) includes pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections and involves sudden-onset neuropsychiatric symptoms, including obsessions, compulsions, sensory difficulties, and dysgraphia after infection or other triggers. Our objective was to identify problems with areas of occupation, body functions, and performance skills during exacerbations. METHOD: In this online retrospective study, based on the Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process (2nd ed...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422571/reliability-of-measuring-lower-limb-muscle-emg-activity-ratio-in-activities-of-daily-living-with-electrodes-embedded-in-the-clothing
#17
Dagny Bengs, Ira Jeglinsky, Jukka Surakka, Thomas Hellsten, Joachim Ring, Jyrki Kettunen
CONTEXT: Using technical clothes with electrodes embedded in the clothing makes it possible to record the electrical activity produced by the activity of the skeletal muscles in activities of daily living. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the reliability of measuring lower-limb left-right electromyography (EMG) activity ratio with smart shorts during stair descent, stair ascent, and repeated unloaded squats among healthy working-aged subjects. METHODS: Seventeen females (mean age 25...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421872/role-of-valued-living-and-associations-with-functional-outcome-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Celia Pais Hons, Jennie L Ponsford, Kate R Gould Clin Neuro, Dana Wong
Valued living (VL) is associated with improved enjoyment and engagement with daily activities despite negative emotional state or ongoing pain. However, the role of VL in recovery following traumatic brain injury (TBI) has yet to be investigated. This study aimed to examine changes in VL over the course of recovery and variables associated with VL. Participants with moderate-to-severe TBI were recruited from a rehabilitation hospital in three cohorts: "Early" (n = 25), "Mid" (n = 9) and "Late" (n = 36) post-TBI...
April 19, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421237/radiographic-interpretation-of-carpometacarpal-arthroplasty-correlation-between-radiographic-loosening-and-clinical-outcome
#19
Laurence Stillwater, Brett Memauri, Imran Ratanshi, Avinash Islur, Thelina Amaratunga
OBJECTIVE: To assess the radiographic appearance and interpretation of loosening in patients following first carpometacarpal joint pyrohemisphere arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review over a 6-year period was performed identifying patients with first carpometacarpal pyrohemisphere implants. All postoperative radiographs were reviewed and compared with clinical information. Loosening was defined as greater than 1 mm of periprosthetic lucency or increasing lucency on serial studies...
April 19, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420837/clinical-characteristics-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-achieving-functional-remission-with-six-months-of-biological-dmards-treatment
#20
Yusuke Miwa, Ryo Takahashi, Yuzo Ikari, Airi Maeoka, Shinichiro Nishimi, Nao Oguro, Tomoki Hayashi, Mika Hatano, Sakiko Isojima, Ryo Yanai, Tsuyoshi Kasama, Yoichi Toyoshima, Katsunori Inagaki, Kenji Sanada
Objective Although previous studies have reported the prognostic factors for functional remission, no reports have cited the predictive factors. Our aim was to study the predictive factors for functional remission, which is a treatment goal in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), after receiving biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) treatment for six months. Methods The study consisted of 333 RA patients treated with bDMARDs for six months. The following patient characteristics were investigated: age, gender, disease duration, type of bDMARDs, baseline steroid and methotrexate dosage, and levels of serum rheumatoid factor, matrix metalloprotease, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptides antibody, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-6...
2017: Internal Medicine
keyword
keyword
93749
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"