keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Activities of Daily Living

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231477/effects-of-tdcs-on-motor-learning-and-memory-formation-a-consensus-and-critical-position-paper
#1
REVIEW
Ethan R Buch, Emiliano Santarnecchi, Andrea Antal, Jan Born, Pablo A Celnik, Joseph Classen, Christian Gerloff, Mark Hallett, Friedhelm C Hummel, Michael A Nitsche, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Walter J Paulus, Janine Reis, Edwin M Robertson, John C Rothwell, Marco Sandrini, Heidi M Schambra, Eric M Wassermann, Ulf Ziemann, Leonardo G Cohen
Motor skills are required for activities of daily living. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) applied in association with motor skill learning has been investigated as a tool for enhancing training effects in health and disease. Here, we review the published literature investigating whether tDCS can facilitate the acquisition, retention or adaptation of motor skills. Work in multiple laboratories is underway to develop a mechanistic understanding of tDCS effects on different forms of learning and to optimize stimulation protocols...
January 29, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229355/femoral-shaft-osteotomy-for-obligate-outward-rotation-due-to-scfe
#2
Peter M Stevens, Lucas Anderson, Bruce A MacWilliams
Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is an adolescent disease that leads to retroversion of the femoral neck and shaft, relative to the head. Observing that patients with SCFE must walk with an outward foot progression angle and externally rotate the leg in order to flex the hip, we have been performing a femoral shaft rotational osteotomy wherein we rotate the lower femur 45° inward, relative to the upper femur. By correcting retroversion, our goal is to improve functional hip and knee motion, thereby mitigating the effects of SCFE impingement...
February 22, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229290/the-patients-perspective-living-with-lupus-in-austria
#3
Georg Stummvoll, Tanja Stamm
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a heterogeneous disease with a vast variety of clinical manifestations. Timely diagnosis is important for gaining access to specific therapy and care. In this survey, we asked SLE patients with an established diagnosis to report about their personal history and their daily life with SLE in order to gain knowledge about diagnostics, treatment pathways and potential problems in daily living and functioning. In most cases, the diagnosis of SLE was made by a specialist in rheumatology or dermatology...
February 22, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229124/functional-limitations-and-health-care-resource-utilization-for-individuals-with-cognitive-impairment-without-dementia-findings-from-a-united-states-population-based-survey
#4
J Scott Andrews, Urvi Desai, Noam Y Kirson, Caroline J Enloe, Ljubica Ristovska, Sarah King, Howard G Birnbaum, Adam S Fleisher, Wenyu Ye, Kristin Kahle-Wrobleski
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about functional limitations and health care resource utilization of people with cognitive impairment with no dementia (CIND). METHODS: Respondents with stable or progressive cognitive impairment (CI) after the first (index) indication of CIND in 2000-2010 were identified from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Respondents never exhibiting CI were identified as potential controls. Propensity score-based optimal matching was used to adjust for differences in demographics and history of stroke...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228630/social-activities-of-older-men-who-require-daily-support-and-the-purpose-of-such-activities
#5
Michiyo Hirano, Kazuko Saeki, Izumi Ueda, Hikaru Honda, Yoshiko Mizuno
Objectives The purpose of this study was to analyze the social activities of older men who require daily support, and to clarify the purpose of such activities, in order to develop effective living support and preventive long-term care service, suitable for this population.Methods Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 older men. Data were analyzed using inductive and qualitative methods.Results Four categories of social activities were identified, and four categories of purposes of these social activities were extracted...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228346/functional-range-of-motion-of-the-hand-joints-in-activities-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#6
Verónica Gracia-Ibáñez, Margarita Vergara, Joaquín L Sancho-Bru, Marta C Mora, Catalina Piqueras
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional research design. INTRODUCTION: Active range of motion (AROM) is used as indicator of hand function. However, functional range of motion (FROM) data are limited, and fail to represent activities of daily living (ADL). PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To estimate dominant hand FROM in flexion, abduction and palmar arching in people under 50 years of age performing ADL. METHODS: AROMs and hand postures in 24 representative ADL of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) were recorded in 12 men and 12 women...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227952/smartstuff-a-case-study-of-a-smart-water-bottle
#7
Emil Jovanov, Vindhya R Nallathimmareddygari, Jonathan E Pryor, Emil Jovanov, Vindhya R Nallathimmareddygari, Jonathan E Pryor, Vindhya R Nallathimmareddygari, Emil Jovanov, Jonathan E Pryor
The rapid growth of Internet of Things (IoT) and miniature wearable biosensors have generated new opportunities for personalized eHealth and mHealth services. Smart objects equipped with physiological sensors can provide robust monitoring of activities of daily living and context for wearable physiological sensors. We present a case study of an intelligent water bottle that can precisely measure the amount of liquid in the bottle, monitor activity using inertial sensors, and physiological parameters using a touch and photoplethysmographic sensor...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227918/longitudinal-wearable-tremor-measurement-system-with-activity-recognition-algorithms-for-upper-limb-tremor
#8
Jeonghee Kim, Claire Parnell, Thomas Wichmann, Stephen P DeWeerth, Jeonghee Kim, Claire Parnell, Thomas Wichmann, Stephen P DeWeerth, Claire Parnell, Thomas Wichmann, Stephen P DeWeerth, Jeonghee Kim
Assessments of tremor characteristics by movement disorder physicians are usually done at single time points in clinic settings, so that the description of the tremor does not take into account the dependence of the tremor on specific behavioral situations. Moreover, treatment-induced changes in tremor or behavior cannot be quantitatively tracked for extended periods of time. We developed a wearable tremor measurement system with tremor and activity recognition algorithms for long-term upper limb behavior tracking, to characterize tremor characteristics and treatment effects in their daily lives...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227880/toward-personalized-and-context-aware-prompting-for-smartphone-based-intervention
#9
Ramin Fallahzadeh, Samaneh Aminikhanghahi, Ashley Nichole Gibson, Diane J Cook, Ramin Fallahzadeh, Samaneh Aminikhanghahi, Ashley Nichole Gibson, Diane J Cook, Ashley Nichole Gibson, Samaneh Aminikhanghahi, Ramin Fallahzadeh, Diane J Cook
Intervention strategies can help individuals with cognitive impairment to increase adherence to instructions, independence, and activity engagement and reduce errors on everyday instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) and caregiver burden. However, to be effective, intervention prompts should be given at a time that does not interrupt other important user activities and is more convenient. In this paper, we propose an intelligent personalized intervention system for smartphones. In our approach, we use context and activity awareness to time prompts when they will most likely be viewed and used...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227850/a-kalman-filter-to-estimate-altitude-change-during-a-fall
#10
Michael C Stevens, Wei Lu, Changhong Wang, Stephen J Redmond, Nigel H Lovell, Michael C Stevens, Wei Lu, Changhong Wang, Stephen J Redmond, Nigel H Lovell, Changhong Wang, Wei Lu, Stephen J Redmond, Nigel H Lovell, Michael C Stevens
Barometers have been incorporated into fall detectors in order to enhance the accuracy of fall detection algorithms, however they are power-hungry devices. We present an offline evaluation of a Kalman filter (KF) for estimating the pressure change during a fall that enables low-power operation of the barometer. The KF takes advantage of the fact that a semi-permeable air membrane on a waterproof fall detector enclosure causes a delay in the equilibrium between internal and external enclosure pressure, and this delay enables the barometer to be switched off until a free-fall is detected...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227798/upper-limb-kinematics-of-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-on-bilateral-functional-tasks
#11
Carina Lott, Michelle J Johnson, Carina Lott, Michelle J Johnson, Carina Lott, Michelle J Johnson
Adults with cerebral palsy (CP) often show upper limb impairments which impact their ability to execute activities of daily living (ADLs). Three adults with CP and five healthy adults performed three types of bilateral and unilateral ADLs: drink, pour, and pick and place tasks. An affordable bilateral assessment system (BiAS) was used to measure wrist kinematic trajectories. Four metrics, total completion time, maximum velocity, smoothness, and phase difference, were used to evaluate each functional task. Overall, adults with CP took a longer time than the healthy subjects to complete all unilateral functional tasks with their non-dominant hand...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227706/skin-mounted-accelerometer-system-for-measuring-knee-range-of-motion
#12
Ryan S McGinnis, Shyamal Patel, Ikaro Silva, Nikhil Mahadevan, Steve DiCristofaro, Elise Jortberg, Melissa Ceruolo, A J Aranyosi, Ryan S McGinnis, Shyamal Patel, Ikaro Silva, Nikhil Mahadevan, Steve DiCristofaro, Elise Jortberg, Melissa Ceruolo, A J Aranyosi, A J Aranyosi, Melissa Ceruolo, Ikaro Silva, Steve DiCristofaro, Elise Jortberg, Ryan S McGinnis, Shyamal Patel, Nikhil Mahadevan
Sufficient range of motion of the knee joint is necessary for performing many activities of daily living. Ambulatory monitoring of knee function can provide valuable information about progression of diseases like knee osteoarthritis and recovery after surgical interventions like total knee arthroplasty. In this paper, we describe a skin-mounted, conformal, accelerometer-based system for measuring knee angle and range of motion that does not require a skilled operator to apply devices. We establish the accuracy of this technique with respect to clinical gold standard goniometric measurements on a dataset collected from normative subjects during the performance of repeated bouts of knee flexion and extension tests...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227546/a-control-method-for-transfemoral-prosthetic-knees-in-level-walking-and-stair-ascending-based-on-thigh-angular-motion
#13
K Inoue, A Pripunnochai, T Wada, K Inoue, A Pripunnochai, T Wada, T Wada, K Inoue, A Pripunnochai
Regaining the locomotive ability is necessary to maintain the activities of daily living in lower extremity amputees. Recently, the stability of the gait and multifunctionality of transfemoral prosthetic knees have drastically improved with the use of microprocessor-controlled knees, such as Genium ® (Otto Bock, GmbH). However, these knees, which also include products from other companies, are very expensive. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to develop a control method for transfemoral prosthetic knees in order to perform level walking and stairs ascending safely, with fewer sensors or simpler procedures...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227321/fall-detection-algorithms-for-real-world-falls-harvested-from-lumbar-sensors-in-the-elderly-population-a-machine-learning-approach
#14
Alan K Bourke, Jochen Klenk, Lars Schwickert, Kamiar Aminian, Espen A F Ihlen, Sabato Mellone, Jorunn L Helbostad, Lorenzo Chiari, Clemens Becker, Alan K Bourke, Jochen Klenk, Lars Schwickert, Kamiar Aminian, Espen A F Ihlen, Sabato Mellone, Jorunn L Helbostad, Lorenzo Chiari, Clemens Becker, Lorenzo Chiari, Lars Schwickert, Kamiar Aminian, Clemens Becker, Jorunn L Helbostad, Jochen Klenk, Alan K Bourke, Sabato Mellone, Espen A F Ihlen
Automatic fall detection will promote independent living and reduce the consequences of falls in the elderly by ensuring people can confidently live safely at home for linger. In laboratory studies inertial sensor technology has been shown capable of distinguishing falls from normal activities. However less than 7% of fall-detection algorithm studies have used fall data recorded from elderly people in real life. The FARSEEING project has compiled a database of real life falls from elderly people, to gain new knowledge about fall events and to develop fall detection algorithms to combat the problems associated with falls...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227215/telehomecare-telecommunication-framework-from-remote-patient-monitoring-to-video-visits-and-robot-telepresence
#15
Pierre Lepage, Dominic Letourneau, Mathieu Hamel, Simon Briere, Helene Corriveau, Michel Tousignant, Francois Michaud, Pierre Lepage, Dominic Letourneau, Mathieu Hamel, Simon Briere, Helene Corriveau, Michel Tousignant, Francois Michaud, Simon Briere, Dominic Letourneau, Helene Corriveau, Michel Tousignant, Francois Michaud, Mathieu Hamel, Pierre Lepage
Over the last few years, the number of remote patient monitoring (RPM) products and of videoconferencing systems has exploded. There is also a significant number of research initiatives addressing the use of service robots for assistance in daily living activities. From a technological standpoint, providing telehomecare services is certainly feasible. However, one technological barrier is to have access to a telecommunication platform that can be adapted to address the broad range of specifications and requirements of clinical and telehealth applications...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226913/low-power-operation-of-a-barometric-pressure-sensor-for-use-in-an-automatic-fall-detector
#16
Wei Lu, Changhong Wang, Michael C Stevens, Stephen J Redmond, Nigel H Lovell, Wei Lu, Changhong Wang, Michael C Stevens, Stephen J Redmond, Nigel H Lovell, Changhong Wang, Nigel H Lovell, Wei Lu, Stephen J Redmond, Michael C Stevens
The use of a barometric pressure sensor in a wearable fall detector has been shown to improve the detection accuracy by determining the altitude change associated with the fall event. However, the barometer is a high-power-consuming sensor. This paper proposes a fall detection approach using a hermetically sealed and waterproof enclosure incorporating a small window covered by a semi-permeable membrane (SPM) to delay the equilibrium of internal and external pressures. This feature can be utilized to limit the time the barometer is powered but still capturing critical pressure information to discriminate fall and non-fall events...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226564/hand-rehabilitation-after-stroke-using-a-wearable-high-dof-spring-powered-exoskeleton
#17
Tianyao Chen, Peter S Lum, Tianyao Chen, Peter S Lum, Peter S Lum, Tianyao Chen
Stroke patients often have inappropriate finger flexor activation and finger extensor weakness, which makes it difficult to open their affected hand for functional grasp. The goal was to develop a passive, lightweight, wearable device to enable improved hand function during performance of activities of daily living. The device, HandSOME II, assists with opening the patient's hand using 11 elastic actuators that apply extension torques to finger and thumb joints. Device design and initial testing are described...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225776/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-food-intake-difficulties-among-residents-with-dementia
#18
Chia-Chi Chang, Yu-Fang Lin, Chia-Hui Chiu, Yuan-Mei Liao, Mu-Hsing Ho, Yen-Kuang Lin, Kuei-Ru Chou, Megan F Liu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the prevalence of food intake difficulties and their associated factors among residents with dementia in long-term care facilities in Taiwan. The purpose of the study was to identify the best cutoff point for the Chinese Feeding Difficulty Index (Ch-FDI), which evaluates the prevalence of food intake difficulties and recognizes factors associated with eating behaviors in residents with dementia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A cross-sectional design was adopted...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225049/prevalence-and-predictors-of-weight-change-post-discharge-from-hospital-a-study-of-the-canadian-malnutrition-task-force
#19
H Keller, M Laporte, H Payette, J Allard, P Bernier, D Duerksen, L Gramlich, K Jeejeebhoy
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Little is known about factors associated with weight change post discharge from hospital; yet poor nutritional status in the transition from hospital to community can result in readmission. This exploratory study aimed to determine the factors associated with weight change 30 days post discharge defined as weight gain (WG; 5+ pounds), weight loss (WL; 5+pounds) or weight stable (WS). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 922 medical or surgical patients were recruited from 16 acute care hospitals in 8 Canadian provinces...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223934/plasma-cystatin-c-and-high-density-lipoprotein-are-important-biomarkers-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-vascular-dementia-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Rui Wang, Zhaoyu Chen, Yongmei Fu, Xiaobo Wei, Jinchi Liao, Xu Liu, Bingjun He, Yunqi Xu, Jing Zou, Xiaoyan Yang, Ruihui Weng, Sheng Tan, Christopher McElroy, Kunlin Jin, Qing Wang
: Objectives: Cystatin C (Cys C) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) play critical roles in neurodegenerative diseases, such as dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD). However, whether they can be used as reliable biomarkers to distinguish patients with dementia from healthy subjects and to determine disease severity remain largely unknown. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine plasma Cys C and HDL levels of 88 patients with dementia (43 AD patients, 45 VaD patients) and 45 healthy age-matched controls...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
93749
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"