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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932629/breathlessness-during-daily-activity-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-london-chest-activity-of-daily-living-scale-in-patients-with-advanced-disease-and-refractory-breathlessness
#1
Charles C Reilly, Claudia Bausewein, Rachel Garrod, Caroline J Jolley, John Moxham, Irene J Higginson
BACKGROUND: The London Chest Activities of Daily Living Scale measures the impact of breathlessness on both activity and social functioning. However, the London Chest Activities of Daily Living Scale is not routinely used in patients with advanced disease. AIM: To assess the psychometric properties of the London Chest Activities of Daily Living Scale in patients with refractory breathlessness due to advanced disease. DESIGN: A cross-sectional secondary analysis of data from a randomised controlled parallel-group, pragmatic, single-blind fast-track trial (randomised controlled trial) investigating the effectiveness of an integrated palliative and respiratory care service for patients with advanced disease and refractory breathlessness, known as the Breathlessness Support Service (NCT01165034)...
December 8, 2016: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932626/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-association-between-living-arrangements-and-health-among-older-adults-in-china
#2
Zi Zhou, Fanzhen Mao, Jiaping Ma, Shichao Hao, Zhengmin Min Qian, Keith Elder, Jason S Turner, Ya Fang
This article used the nationally representative Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey to explore the associations between living arrangements and health among older adults. Living arrangements were stratified into six categories. Health was measured by self-rated health, activities of daily living (ADL) disability, and cognitive impairment. Random-effects ordered probit regressions were applied. The results indicated that coresidence had a positive effect on self-rated health compared with living alone...
December 8, 2016: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932368/longitudinal-associations-between-body-composition-sarcopenic-obesity-and-outcomes-of-frailty-disability-institutionalisation-and-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-men-the-concord-health-and-ageing-in-men-project
#3
Vasant Hirani, Vasi Naganathan, Fiona Blyth, David G Le Couteur, Markus J Seibel, Louise M Waite, David J Handelsman, Robert G Cumming
BACKGROUND: to explore the longitudinal associations between body composition measures, sarcopenic obesity and outcomes of frailty, activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental ADL (IADL) disability, institutionalisation and mortality. METHODS: men aged ≥ 70 years (2005-07) from the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project were assessed at baseline (n = 1,705), 2 (n = 1,366) and 5 years (n = 954). The main outcome measures were frailty (adapted Fried criteria), ADL, including personal care and mobility and IADL disability (ability to perform tasks for independent living), institutionalisation and mortality...
December 7, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932362/predicting-functional-decline-in-older-emergency-patients-the-safe-elderly-emergency-discharge-seed-project
#4
Judy A Lowthian, Lahn D Straney, Caroline A Brand, Anna Barker, P de Villiers Smit, Harvey Newnham, Peter Hunter, Cathie Smith, Peter A Cameron
OBJECTIVE: to profile the trajectory of, and risk factors for, functional decline in older patients in the 30 days following Emergency Department (ED) discharge. METHODS: prospective cohort study of community-dwelling patients aged ≥65 years, discharged home from a metropolitan Melbourne ED, 31 July 2012 to 30 November 2013. The primary outcome was functional decline, comprising either increased dependency in personal activities of daily living (ADL) or in skills required for living independently instrumental ADL (IADL), deterioration in cognitive function, nursing home admission or death...
December 7, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932193/associations-between-built-environment-and-physical-activity-of-7-8-year-old-children-cross-sectional-results-from-the-lithuanian-cosi-study
#5
Vilma Žaltauskė, Aušra Petrauskienė
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Research shows that regular engagement in physical activity in childhood is associated with multiple physical and psychosocial health benefits. The data on associations between children physical activity level and built environment in Lithuania are limited. The built environment is one of many variables thought to affect children physical activity level. But consequently there is growing interest in how physical environment influences physical activity of school age children...
November 21, 2016: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931313/behavioral-effects-of-an-enhanced-enrichment-program-for-group-housed-sooty-mangabeys-cercocebus-atys
#6
Jessica Crast, Mollie A Bloomsmith, Trina J Jonesteller
Evaluating the behavioral effects of enrichment on animals housed in biomedical facilities is necessary to effectively support their care and wellbeing. We tested the cumulative effects of an enhanced enrichment program on sooty mangabey behavior: locomotion, feeding and foraging, manipulating items in the enclosure, social affiliation, aggression, and abnormal behavior. The enhanced enrichment program included the addition of a substrate (timothy hay), widely distributing small pieces of produce and a forage mixture in the hay, adding structures and perching, and increasing the variety of food items, foraging devices, and other manipulable items...
November 2016: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931244/association-of-lower-extremity-range-of-motion-and-muscle-strength-with-physical-performance-of-community-dwelling-older-women
#7
Hungu Jung, Masahiro Yamasaki
BACKGROUND: Reduced lower extremity range of motion (ROM) and muscle strength are related to functional disability in older adults who cannot perform one or more activities of daily living (ADL) independently. The purpose of this study was to determine which factors of seven lower extremity ROMs and two muscle strengths play dominant roles in the physical performance of community-dwelling older women. METHODS: Ninety-five community-dwelling older women (mean age ± SD, 70...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931210/ontological-security-and-connectivity-provided-by-pets-a-study-in-the-self-management-of-the-everyday-lives-of-people-diagnosed-with-a-long-term-mental-health-condition
#8
Helen Brooks, Kelly Rushton, Sandra Walker, Karina Lovell, Anne Rogers
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence that connecting people to relevant wellbeing-related resources brings therapeutic benefit, there is limited understanding, in the context of mental health recovery, of the potential value and contribution of pet ownership to personal support networks for self-management. This study aimed to explore the role of pets in the support and management activities in the personal networks of people with long-term mental health problems. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews centred on 'ego' network mapping were conducted in two locations (in the North West and in the South of England) with 54 participants with a diagnosis of a long-term mental health problem...
December 9, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931013/the-influence-of-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobility-type-on-motherhood-a-phenomenological-hermeneutical-study
#9
Stijn De Baets, Marieke Vanhalst, Marieke Coussens, Lies Rombaut, Fransiska Malfait, Geert Van Hove, Patrick Calders, Guy Vanderstraeten, Dominique van de Velde
BACKGROUND: The consequences of the Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome hypermobility type (EDS-HT) affect many aspects of daily life. "Living with limitations" is a central theme in the life of patients affected by this heritable disorder of connective tissue. The aim of the present study was to explore the lived experiences of women with EDS-HT concerning diagnosis, influence on daily life and becoming and being a mother. METHOD: A phenomenological-hermeneutical study, using in-depth interviews...
December 5, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931004/increasing-trend-of-wearables-and-multimodal-interface-for-human-activity-monitoring-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Preeti Kumari, Lini Mathew, Poonal Syal
Activity recognition technology is one of the most important technologies for life-logging and for the care of elderly persons. Elderly people prefer to live in their own houses, within their own locality. If, they are capable to do so, several benefits can follow in terms of society and economy. However, living alone may have high risks. Wearable sensors have been developed to overcome these risks and these sensors are supposed to be ready for medical uses. It can help in monitoring the wellness of elderly persons living alone by unobtrusively monitoring their daily activities...
December 2, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930889/equating-activities-of-daily-living-outcome-measures-the-functional-independence-measure-and-the-korean-version-of-modified-barthel-index
#11
Ickpyo Hong, Hee-Soon Woo, Sunhwa Shim, Chih-Ying Li, Lim Yoonjeong, Craig A Velozo
PURPOSE: To create a crosswalk between the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) motor items and the Korean version of the Modified Barthel Index (K-MBI). METHOD: Korean community-dwelling adult patients (n = 276) completed the FIM and K-MBI on the same day in outpatient rehabilitation hospitals. We used a single group design with the Rasch common person equating and conducted a factor analysis of the co-calibrated item pool using the two measures. Rasch analysis was used to investigate the psychometrics of the equated test items in the identified factor structure(s)...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930553/the-effects-of-hyaluronic-acid-on-hemiplegic-shoulder-injury-and-pain-in-patients-with-subacute-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#12
Yu-Chi Huang, Chau-Peng Leong, Lin Wang, Mei-Ju Chen, Chien-Yi Chuang, Mei-Yun Liaw, Lin-Yi Wang
BACKGROUND: Hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) is one of the most common comorbidities in stroke patients with flaccid shoulders. The pain limits functional motor recovery and affects the activities of daily living after acute stroke. This study investigated the effects of hyaluronic acid (HA) injection on pain reduction and motor function in subacute stroke patients with HSP and injury. METHODS: A randomized, double-blinded controlled trial was conducted in a medical center...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930518/combination-of-butylphthalide-with-umbilical-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-the-treatment-of-delayed-encephalopathy-after-carbon-monoxide-poisoning
#13
Huanjun Wang, Yan Li, Qiang Wu, Chenglong Xu, Qingran Liu
Delayed encephalopathy after carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning (DEACMP) is still a clinical challenge. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of combined therapy of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation and butylphthalide in DEACMP patients.Forty-two DEACMP patients were treated with 1 of the 3 therapies: combined therapy of MSC transplantation and butylphthalide; MSC transplantation alone; or hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The MSCs were alternatively injected into the subarachnoid space and the carotid artery using a self-made high-pressure injector...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926681/influence-of-immediate-and-delayed-lower-limb-amputation-compared-with-lower-limb-salvage-on-functional-and-mental-health-outcomes-post-rehabilitation-in-the-u-k-military
#14
Peter Ladlow, Rhodri Phillip, Russell Coppack, John Etherington, James Bilzon, M Polly McGuigan, Alexander N Bennett
BACKGROUND: Medical practitioners face difficult decisions over whether to amputate or to salvage a lower limb that has undergone trauma. To our knowledge, there has been little evidence reporting the impact of different surgical decisions on functional and mental health outcomes following intensive rehabilitation that might inform decision-making. METHODS: This study is a retrospective, independent-group comparison of rehabilitation outcomes from a U.K. military complex trauma rehabilitation center...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925376/animated-activity-questionnaire-aaq-a-new-method-of-self-reporting-activity-limitations-in-patients-with-hip-and-knee-osteoarthritis-comparisons-with-observation-by-spouses-for-construct-validity
#15
W F Peter, H S Dagfinrud, N Østerås, C B Terwee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the construct validity of the Animated Activity Questionnaire (AAQ) for measuring activity limitations of patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis (HKOA). DESIGN: In a psychometric design, data from HKOA patients and their spouses in Norway and the Netherlands were collected independently of each other, using the AAQ, the Function of Daily Living (FDL) subscale from the Hip disability or Knee injury Osteoarthritis Outcome Scale (H/KOOS) and the Numerical Rating Scale for pain (NRS-pain)...
December 7, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925292/cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease-impact-on-quality-of-life-of-carers
#16
R A Lawson, A J Yarnall, F Johnston, G W Duncan, T K Khoo, D Collerton, J P Taylor, D J Burn
BACKGROUND: The quality of life (QoL) of informal caregivers of people with Parkinson's disease (PD) (PwP) can be affected by the caring role. Because of cognitive symptoms and diminished activities of daily living, in addition to the management of motor symptoms, carers of PwP and cognitive impairment may experience increased levels of burden and poorer QoL compared with carers of PwP without cognitive impairment. This study aimed to investigate the impact of cognitive impairment in PD upon QoL of carers...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925022/perceived-neighborhood-characteristics-and-the-functional-performance-of-elderly-people-in-the-belo-horizonte-metropolitan-area-minas-gerais-state-brazil-a-quantile-regression-analysis
#17
Renzo Joel Flores Ortiz, Fabiane Ribeiro Ferreira, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Cibele Comini César
This study aims to examine the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and the functional performance of elderly people living in the Belo Horizonte metropolitan area, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Data of a representative sample of 2,033 elderly were analyzed using quantile regression. Functional performance was measured by the number of activities of daily living (ADL) the elderly had difficulty to perform. The neighborhood characteristics evaluated were: maintenance, trust, insecurity and defective sidewalks...
December 1, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923779/a-multidisciplinary-model-to-guide-employment-outcomes-among-people-living-with-spinal-cord-injuries-in-south-africa-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#18
Ntsikelelo Pefile, Joyce Mothabeng, Saloshni Naidoo
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) often results in complete or partial loss of functioning of the upper and/or lower limbs, leading to the affected individual experiencing difficulties in performing activities of daily living. This results in reduced participation in social, religious, recreational, and economic activities (employment). The South Africa legal framework promotes the employment and assistance of people with disabilities. However, rehabilitation interventions focus mainly on impairments and activity limitations, with few attempts to prepare those with SCI to return to gainful employment...
December 6, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923347/subjective-burden-among-spousal-and-adult-child-informal-caregivers-of-older-adults-results-from-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#19
Marloes Oldenkamp, Mariët Hagedoorn, Joris Slaets, Ronald Stolk, Rafael Wittek, Nynke Smidt
BACKGROUND: Pressures on informal caregivers are likely to increase due to increasing life expectancy and health care costs, which stresses the importance of prevention of subjective burden. The present study examined the correlates of overall subjective burden and multiple burden dimensions among spousal and adult-child caregivers of Dutch older adults, both cross-sectional and longitudinal (12-months follow-up). METHODS: In 2010 and 2011 baseline and follow-up data was collected in a sample of informal caregivers and care recipients in the Northern provinces of the Netherlands...
December 7, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922747/frailty-and-subsequent-disability-and-mortality-among-patients-with-critical-illness
#20
Nathan E Brummel, Susan P Bell, Timothy D Girard, Pratik P Pandharipande, James C Jackson, Alessandro Morandi, Jennifer L Thompson, Rameela Chandrasekhar, Gordon R Bernard, Robert S Dittus, Thomas M Gill, E Wesley Ely
INTRODUCTION The prevalence of frailty (diminished physiologic reserve) and its effect on outcomes for those ≥18 years old with critical illness is unclear. We hypothesized greater frailty would be associated with subsequent mortality, disability, and cognitive impairment, regardless of age. METHODS At enrollment, we measured frailty using the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS, range 1 [very fit] to 7 [severely frail]). At 3 and 12 months post-discharge, we assessed vital status, instrumental and basic activities of daily living (IADLs and BADLs), and cognition...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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