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Activities of Daily Living

Juliano de Souza Caliari, Lilian Andreia Fleck Reinato, Daiana Patrícia Marchetti Pio, Letícia Pimenta Lopes, Renata Karina Reis, Elucir Gir
OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors related to the quality of life of elderly people living with HIV/AIDS. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out with people aged 50 years or more in a specialized outpatient clinic. The data collection was by means of an interview. For the analysis of data and characterization of the sample, descriptive statistics and comparison tests were used. The project met the ethical requirements. RESULTS: Participants were 81 users aged 50 to 75 years, mean age was 57...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
I E Sazonov, T D Klementenko, A A Kudinov, M A Avramenko, S N Yarmonov
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of cytoflavin in the dose of 10 ml/day in the complex therapy in acute period of hemorrhagic stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients were examined in the acute period of hemorrhagic stroke (HS). The NIHSS, the Rivermead Mobility Index, the Rankin scale and the Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living were used. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the main group included 30 patients who received cytoflavin in addition to basic therapy...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Barbara Resnick, Elizabeth Galik, Marie Boltz, Erin Vigne, Sarah Holmes, Steven Fix, Shijun Zhu
The purpose of this study was to consider the feasibility, reliability, and validity of MotionWatch 8. A total of 249 residents were recruited from 26 assisted living settings. Data collection included demographics, comorbidities, function (Barthel Index), physical activity (MotionWatch 8), and falls. The mean age of participants was 86.86 ( SD = 7.0), the majority were women 179 (74%) and White ( N = 232, 96%). A total of 86% of participants wore the MotionWatch 8. There were no significant differences in physical activity over 3 days of testing...
March 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
Stephen R Rapp, Ryan T Barnard, Kaycee M Sink, Dana G Chamberlain, Valerie Wilson, Lingyi Lu, Edward H Ip
Introduction: Aim is to evaluate validity, reliability, diagnostic precision, and user acceptability of computer simulations of cognitively demanding tasks when administered to older adults with and without cognitive impairment. Methods: Five simulation modules were administered to 161 individuals aged ≥60 years with no cognitive impairment (N = 81), mild cognitive impairment (N = 52), or dementia (N = 28). Groups were compared on total accuracy and time to complete the tasks (seconds)...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
Deok Su Sin, Myoung Hyoun Kim, Soon-Ah Park, Min Cheol Joo, Min Su Kim
Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate predictors of crossed cerebellar diaschisis (CCD), and the effects of CCD on functional outcomes including motor function, activities of daily living, cognitive function, and ambulation 6 months after onset in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Methods: A total of 74 patients experiencing their first ICH were recruited. If the asymmetric index was more than 10% using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), a diagnosis of CCD was confirmed...
February 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Martin Klietz, Amelie Tulke, Lars H Müschen, Lejla Paracka, Christoph Schrader, Dirk W Dressler, Florian Wegner
Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most frequent neurodegenerative disease of the elderly. Patients suffer from various motor and non-motor symptoms leading to reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and an increased mortality. Their loss of autonomy due to dementia, psychosis, depression, motor impairments, falls, and swallowing deficits defines a phase when palliative care interventions might help to sustain or even improve quality of life. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the current status of palliative care implementation and quality of life in a local cohort of advanced PD patients in order to frame and improve future care...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Jennifer L Reed, Christie A Cole, Madeleine C Ziss, Heather E Tulloch, Jennifer Brunet, Heather Sherrard, Robert D Reid, Andrew L Pipe
A disconcerting proportion of Canadian nurses are physically inactive and report poor cardiovascular health. Web-based interventions incorporating feedback and group features may represent opportune, convenient, and cost-effective methods for encouraging physical activity (PA) in order to improve the levels of PA and cardiovascular health of nurses. The purpose of this parallel-group randomized trial was to examine the impact of an intervention providing participants with feedback from an activity monitor coupled with a web-based individual, friend or team PA challenge, on the PA and cardiovascular health of nurses working in a cardiovascular setting...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Jordi Boix, Daniela von Hieber, Bronwen Connor
Computer-supported gait analysis has proven to be effective for the comprehensive assessment of gait changes in rodent models of neurodegenerative and neurological disorders. However, full characterization of individual gait parameters is required for specific neurological or neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Gait disturbances in particular present as the most constraining set of symptoms in PD, finally depriving patients from most activities of normal daily living. In this study, we have characterized the gait pattern abnormalities observed in two rat models of PD: the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) 6-OHDA lesion model and the striatal 6-OHDA lesion model...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
D R B Brito, L M Costa-Júnior, J L Garcia, J F J Torres-Acosta, H Louvandini, J A A Cutrim-Júnior, J F M Araújo, E D S Soares
Gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) cause considerable economic losses in grazing goat herds. At present, GIN control cannot rely on conventional anthelmintic (AH) drugs because parasites have developed resistance against such drugs. Thus, alternative control methods are being sought to reduce the dependence on AH. Many tannin-rich plants exhibit AH activity and may be used as alternatives for GIN control. Mimosa caesalpiniifolia is a tannin-rich shrub consumed by small ruminants in Brazil. This study evaluated the in vivo AH effect of M...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Lianne Remijn, Lenie van den Engel-Hoek, Ton Satink, Bert J M de Swart, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
OBJECTIVE: The impact of difficulties with eating and drinking in adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy is unknown. The purpose of this study is to find out which difficulties adolescents and young adults with cerebral palsy experience with eating and drinking in daily life and how they deal with these difficulties. The study also explores how they think about themselves with respect to eating and what does or does not help regarding social participation. METHOD: We collected the data from ten participants with spastic cerebral palsy (aged 15-23 years) living in the Netherlands...
March 21, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Seung Min Choi, Myung Sik Park, Bareun Chan Ju, Sun Jung Yoon
INTRODUCTION: The restoration of range of motion after surgery in patients with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome is considered an important factor that improves clinical outcomes and determines the quality of life of patients, especially in the Asian population. METHODS: Arthroscopic femoroplasty was done in 109 Asian patients with cam impingement. The patients were retrospectively evaluated using range of motion and clinical outcomes (Harris Hip Score [HHS], visual analog scale score, Hip Outcome Score-Activity of Daily Living, and Hip Outcome Score-Sports subscales) between preoperative and postoperative conditions, with a follow-up period of >2 years...
March 19, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Tomohiko Kamo, Hideaki Ishii, Keisuke Suzuki, Yuusuke Nishida
Sarcopenia is an important predictor of adverse outcomes in elderly people. Based on a common clinical experience, sarcopenia may be associated with activities of daily living (ADL). To our knowledge, no study has investigated the association between sarcopenia and ADL in nursing home residents requiring long-term care. This cross-sectional study included 250 nursing home residents. Nutritional status, physical function, ADL and cognitive function were assessed using Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Barthel Index (BI) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
March 16, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
Paula August Boyd, Scott E Wilks, Jennifer R Geiger
The purpose of this study was to conduct psychometric reevaluation of the Bristol Activities of Daily Living Scale (BADL) among a population logistically difficult to observe beyond cross-sectional analysis: nursing home residents with advanced dementia (AD). Data from observation-based measures were collected by nursing home staff at two intervals within a three-month time frame among 43 residents identified with AD via medical records and nursing home staff. Three broad properties of BADL were examined: factor structure, reliability, and validity...
March 15, 2018: Health & Social Work
Nelly Agrinier, Marie-Line Erpelding, Carlos Labat, Sylvie Gautier, Francis Guillemin, Athanase Benetos
The objectives were to identify trajectories of nutrition, cognitive function and autonomy over time in very old adults and to assess their impact on mortality. A cohort, including subjects aged≥80 years in 2007-2008, who were followed for 5 years, in 72 Italian and French nursing homes, was used for post-hoc analyses. Body mass index (BMI), Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and index of activities of daily living (ADL) were assessed at 4 time points. Vital status was collected during the follow-up. Latent trajectory and Cox models were used...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Kazue Taguchi, Tomoyuki Ueno, Yukiyo Shimizu, Ryu Ishimoto, Yasushi Hada
Most pediatric cancer patients decline physical performance therapy, resulting in limitations in the activities of daily living. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of rehabilitation in pediatric patients with cancer using the functional independence measure (FIM) score. This retrospective study included 25 inpatient children diagnosed with cancer at a single university hospital from January 2016 to December 2016. All patients underwent rehabilitative intervention during their hospital stay...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
Eatimad Shalabi-Abbas, Saba Dweikat, Israa Al Gazawy, Sajeda Draghmah
BACKGROUND: Menstruation is a natural phenomenon that occurs throughout the reproductive life of every woman. The aim of this study was to explore knowledge and self-care practices among Palestinian adolescent girls during their menstrual period. Reproductive health issues in adolescent girls is an important but neglected area of Palestinian research. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study we recruited girls from grades seven, eight, and nine in the three biggest schools for girls in Nablus district...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Akira Kurozumi, Yosuke Okada, Kei Sugai, Keiichi Torimoto, Yoshiya Tanaka
Our purpose was to determine the effects of teneligliptin and sitagliptin, two dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors (DPP4-Is) with different half-lives, on glycemic variability and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) levels in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The study subjects were 14 drug-naïve patients with T2DM who were allocated to either a 20 mg/day teneligliptin group (n = 7) or a 50 mg/day sitagliptin group (n = 7) for 7 days, then switched to the other treatment for another 7 days...
2018: Journal of UOEH
Wenguang Chang, Junfang Teng
Background: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a slowly progressive neurodegenerative disease which cannot be cured at present. The aim of this study was to assess whether the combined application of β-asarone and tenuigenin could improve the efficacy of memantine in treating moderate-to-severe AD. Patients and methods: One hundred and fifty-two patients with moderate-to-severe AD were recruited and assigned to two groups. Patients in the experiment group received β-asarone 10 mg/d, tenuigenin 10 mg/d, and memantine 5-20 mg/d...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Dorota Talarska, Sławomir Tobis, Marta Kotkowiak, Magdalena Strugała, Joanna Stanisławska, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis
BACKGROUND The ageing of population is the reason that there are various strategies developed to help seniors acquire greater independence and a better quality of life. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between the elderly peope's need for assistance and assessed quality of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 100 participants who were members of a Seniors Club in Poznań, Poland. The cross-sectional study utilized the following instruments: Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), EASY-Care Standard 2010 questionnaire, (WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire...
March 19, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Ane Alberdi Aramendi, Alyssa Weakley, Asier Aztiria Goenaga, Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe, Diane J Cook
In the context of an aging population, tools to help elderly to live independently must be developed. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the possibility of using unobtrusively collected activity-aware smart home behavioral data to automatically detect one of the most common consequences of aging: functional health decline. After gathering the longitudinal smart home data of 29 older adults for an average of > 2 years, we automatically labeled the data with corresponding activity classes and extracted time-series statistics containing 10 behavioral features...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
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