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pediatric neuroradiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753078/isolated-pediatric-intramedullary-schwannoma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Alessandro Landi, Giovanni Grasso, Fabrizio Gregori, Giorgia Iacopino, Andrea Ruggeri, Roberto Delfini
BACKGROUND: Intramedullary (IM) schwannomas are rare entities representing the 0.3-1% of intramedullary tumors and 1.1% of spinal schwannomas. Beside many theories proposed, their rare occurrence might be related to the absence of Schwann cells into the spinal cord. Pediatric IM schwannomas are uncommon and in absence of neurofibromatosis (NF) they are extremely rare. To date, very few cases have been reported in the literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe the case of a 8 year-old female affected by a progressive paraparesis...
May 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709429/mild-ventriculomegaly-from-fetal-consultation-to-neurodevelopmental-assessment-a-single-center-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Barbara Scelsa, Mariangela Rustico, Andrea Righini, Cecilia Parazzini, Marina Antonella Balestriero, Paola Introvini, Luigina Spaccini, Massimo Mastrangelo, Gianluca Lista, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Pierangelo Veggiotti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the outcome of fetuses with isolated mild ventriculomegaly, with prenatal imaging work-up, prenatal consultation, delivery and clinical follow-up performed in a single tertiary referring center. METHODS: Fetuses with isolated and non-progressive mild ventriculomegaly (10-15 mm) were included in the study. Inclusion criteria were as follows: singleton pregnancies, normal chromosomal analysis, normal serological evaluation of TORCH, fetal ultrasound and MRI excluding additional CNS or extra-CNS malformations...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685401/a-comparison-of-neuroradiology-and-pediatric-radiology-job-boards
#3
Cory M Pfeifer
PURPOSE: ACR workforce surveys have suggested progressive recovery in the number of available jobs for radiologists over the past several years. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the status of jobs available in diagnostic radiology as well as to analyze the content of the job boards of general radiology and subspecialty societies with the intent of uncovering differences in posting preferences to better steer job seekers. METHODS: The content of the online job boards hosted by the SPR, ASNR, ACR, and RSNA was evaluated on 365 consecutive days between July 1, 2016 and June 30, 2016...
March 19, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675068/cerebellar-mutism-syndrome-following-midline-posterior-fossa-tumor-resection-in-children-an-institutional-experience
#4
Nand Kishore Gora, Ashok Gupta, Virendra Deo Sinha
Aim: Cerebellar mutism (CM) syndrome is a well-known and annoying complication of posterior fossa surgery in the pediatric age group. Risk factors such as the type of tumor, size, involvement of posterior fossa structures and hydrocephalus, and postoperative cerebellar swelling for CM were investigated in this study. Materials and Methods: A consecutive series of 33 children with midline posterior fossa tumors were operated at the SMS Medical College and Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Jaipur India, between September 2015 and December 2016...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510819/primary-empty-sella-syndrome-and-the-prevalence-of-hormonal-dysregulation
#5
Matthias K Auer, Mareike R Stieg, Alexander Crispin, Caroline Sievers, Günter K Stalla, Anna Kopczak
BACKGROUND: Empty sella is the neuroradiological or pathological finding of an apparently empty sella turcica containing no pituitary tissue. The prevalence of primary empty sella, i.e., empty sella without any discernible cause, is not precisely known; estimates range from 2% to 20%. Technical advances in neuroradiology have made empty sella an increasingly common incidental finding. It remains unclear whether, and to what extent, asymptomatic adult patients with an incidentally discovered empty sella should undergo diagnostic testing for hormonal disturbances...
February 16, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508041/pituitary-height-at-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-pediatric-isolated-growth-hormone-deficiency
#6
Netsiri Dumrongpisutikul, Ammarut Chuajak, Sukalaya Lerdlum
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used for neuroradiologic evaluation of patients with idiopathic growth hormone deficiency (IGHD). OBJECTIVES: To compare pituitary height and morphology at MRI between patients with IGHD and controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in pediatric patients, 3 years-15 years old, who had had brain MRI with non-contrast-enhanced midsagittal T1-weighted images. These images were measured for pituitary height and morphology of the pituitary gland including shape, stalk and posterior pituitary bright spot was evaluated...
May 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423614/mri-of-the-first-event-in-pediatric-acquired-demyelinating-syndromes-with-antibodies-to-myelin-oligodendrocyte-glycoprotein
#7
Matthias Baumann, Astrid Grams, Tanja Djurdjevic, Eva-Maria Wendel, Christian Lechner, Bettina Behring, Astrid Blaschek, Katharina Diepold, Astrid Eisenkölbl, Joel Fluss, Michael Karenfort, Johannes Koch, Bahadir Konuşkan, Steffen Leiz, Andreas Merkenschlager, Daniela Pohl, Mareike Schimmel, Charlotte Thiels, Barbara Kornek, Kathrin Schanda, Markus Reindl, Kevin Rostásy
Antibodies against the myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG-Ab) can be detected in various pediatric acquired demyelinating syndromes (ADS). Here, we analyze the spectrum of neuroradiologic findings in children with MOG-Ab and a first demyelinating event. The cerebral and spinal MRI of 69 children with different ADS was assessed in regard to the distribution and characteristics of lesions. Children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (n = 36) or neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (n = 5) presented an imaging pattern characterized predominantly by poorly demarcated lesions with a wide supra- and infratentorial distribution...
April 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334996/italian-guidelines-on-the-assessment-and-management-of-pediatric-head-injury-in-the-emergency-department
#8
REVIEW
Liviana Da Dalt, Niccolo' Parri, Angela Amigoni, Agostino Nocerino, Francesca Selmin, Renzo Manara, Paola Perretta, Maria Paola Vardeu, Silvia Bressan
OBJECTIVE: We aim to formulate evidence-based recommendations to assist physicians decision-making in the assessment and management of children younger than 16 years presenting to the emergency department (ED) following a blunt head trauma with no suspicion of non-accidental injury. METHODS: These guidelines were commissioned by the Italian Society of Pediatric Emergency Medicine and include a systematic review and analysis of the literature published since 2005...
January 15, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084038/brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-pediatric-patients-post-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#9
Venessa L Pinto, Sumit Pruthi, Ashly C Westrick, Chevis N Shannon, Brian C Bridges, Truc M Le
Neurologic complications can occur with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) due to several factors. Prior studies identified neonates as having unique risk factors and neuroimaging findings post ECMO. The aim of this study is to describe brain magnetic resonance imaging findings of pediatric patients treated with ECMO. We conducted a retrospective study of nonneonatal pediatric patients who underwent a comprehensive brain magnetic resonance imaging after ECMO between January 2000 and July 2015. We identified 47 pediatric patients in the study cohort with a median age of 8 months (interquartile range 3-170 months) and a median ECMO run duration of 7...
November 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058268/early-diagnosed-cerebrotendinous-xanthomatosis-patients-clinical-neuroradiological-characteristics-and-therapy-results-of-a-single-center-from-turkey
#10
Tanyel Zubarioglu, Ertugrul Kiykim, Gozde Yesil, Duhan Demircioglu, Mehmet Serif Cansever, Cengiz Yalcinkaya, Cigdem Aktuglu-Zeybek
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a lipid storage disorder caused by defective sterol 27-hydroxylase activity. In spite of subtle clinical signs beginning from childhood, CTX is generally diagnosed lately. The aim of this study is to evaluate clinical, neuroradiological findings and therapy responses of pediatric CTX patients and raise awareness to early features of disease. Patients who were molecularly diagnosed as CTX before 18 years of age were included in study. Clinical, epidemiological, radiological and genotypic features of patients and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) therapy responses were reviewed retrospectively...
October 22, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040146/the-role-of-preoperative-imaging-in-the-management-of-nonsyndromic-lambdoid-craniosynostosis
#11
Kavitha Ranganathan, Antonio Rampazzo, Asra Hashmi, Karin Muraszko, Jennifer Strahle, Christian J Vercler, Steven R Buchman
BACKGROUND: The necessity of imaging for patients with craniosynostosis is controversial. Lambdoid synostosis is known to be associated with additional anomalies, but the role of imaging in this setting has not been established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of preoperative imaging on intraoperative and postoperative management among patients undergoing operative intervention for lambdoid craniosynostosis. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing cranial vault remodeling for lambdoid craniosynostosis between January 2006 and 2014 was conducted...
January 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861622/perfusion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-pediatric-brain-tumors
#12
F Dallery, R Bouzerar, D Michel, C Attencourt, V Promelle, J Peltier, J M Constans, O Balédent, C Gondry-Jouet
PURPOSE: The use of DSC-MR imaging in pediatric neuroradiology is gradually growing. However, the number of studies listed in the literature remains limited. We propose to assess the perfusion and permeability parameters in pediatric brain tumor grading. METHODS: Thirty children with a brain tumor having benefited from a DSC-MR perfusion sequence have been retrospectively explored. Relative CBF and CBV were computed on the ROI with the largest lesion coverage. Assessment of the lesion's permeability was also performed through the semi-quantitative PSR parameter and the K2 model-based parameter on the whole-lesion ROI and a reduced ROI drawn on the permeability maps...
November 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860215/american-society-of-functional-neuroradiology-recommended-fmri-paradigm-algorithms-for-presurgical-language-assessment
#13
D F Black, B Vachha, A Mian, S H Faro, M Maheshwari, H I Sair, J R Petrella, J J Pillai, K Welker
INTRODUCTION: Functional MR imaging is increasingly being used for presurgical language assessment in the treatment of patients with brain tumors, epilepsy, vascular malformations, and other conditions. The inherent complexity of fMRI, which includes numerous processing steps and selective analyses, is compounded by institution-unique approaches to patient training, paradigm choice, and an eclectic array of postprocessing options from various vendors. Consequently, institutions perform fMRI in such markedly different manners that data sharing, comparison, and generalization of results are difficult...
October 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810906/atypical-presentation-of-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-two-case-reports
#14
Maria Cristina Maggio, Greta Mastrangelo, Aldo Skabar, Alessandro Ventura, Marco Carrozzi, Giuseppe Santangelo, Francesca Vanadia, Giovanni Corsello, Rolando Cimaz
BACKGROUND: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by severe neurological and psychiatric symptoms and a difficult diagnosis. The disease is often secondary to a neoplastic lesion, seldom diagnosed years later. Psychiatric symptoms are prevalent in adults; neurologic symptoms are more evident in children, who typically present primarily with neurological symptoms. To the best of our knowledge, the association with juvenile idiopathic arthritis has not been described...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793358/erratum-pediatric-neuroradiology-clinical-practice-essentials
#15
Eugen Boltshauser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2017: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762041/neuroinfluenza-evaluation-of-seasonal-influenza-associated-severe-neurological-complications-in-children-a-multicenter-study
#16
Muhammet Sukru Paksu, Kerim Aslan, Tanil Kendirli, Basak Nur Akyildiz, Nazik Yener, Riza Dincer Yildizdas, Mehmet Davutoglu, Ayhan Yaman, Sedat Isikay, Gulnar Sensoy, Haydar Ali Tasdemir
PURPOSE: Although influenza primarily affects the respiratory system, in some cases, it can cause severe neurological complications. Younger children are especially at risk. Pediatric literature is limited on the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of influenza-related neurological complications. The aim of the study was to evaluate children who suffered severe neurological manifestation as a result of seasonal influenza infection. METHODS: The medical records of 14 patients from six hospitals in different regions of the country were evaluated...
February 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719391/pediatric-and-congenital-hand-transplantation
#17
REVIEW
Sandra Amaral, L Scott Levin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the approach and challenges associated with pediatric hand transplantation, including new knowledge gleaned from our recent case of bilateral hand-forearm transplantation in an 8-year old child. RECENT FINDINGS: Bilateral heterologous hand-forearm transplantation was performed in a child with a prior kidney transplant in July 2015. The initial surgery necessitated a large team of experts in microvascular surgery, transplant surgery, orthopedics and plastic surgery as well as pediatric anesthesia...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587881/accidental-duplication-mr-imaging-findings-in-children-with-spasmus-nutans
#18
Meredith Bowen, Jason Peragallo, Stephen F Kralik, Andrea Poretti, Thierry A G M Huisman, Bruno P Soares
The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaapos.2017.03.001. The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
June 3, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571097/pediatric-neuroradiology-clinical-practice-essentials
#19
Eugen Boltshauser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555178/central-nervous-system-complications-in-children-receiving-chemotherapy-or-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#20
REVIEW
Duccio Maria Cordelli, Riccardo Masetti, Daniele Zama, Francesco Toni, Ilaria Castelli, Emilia Ricci, Emilio Franzoni, Andrea Pession
Therapy-related neurotoxicity greatly affects possibility of survival and quality of life of pediatric patients treated for cancer. Central nervous system (CNS) involvement is heterogeneous, varying from very mild and transient symptoms to extremely severe and debilitating, or even lethal syndromes. In this review, we will discuss the broad scenario of CNS complications and toxicities occurring during the treatment of pediatric patients receiving both chemotherapies and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
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