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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240794/radiocesium-contamination-and-estimated-internal-exposure-doses-in-edible-wild-plants-in-kawauchi-village-following-the-fukushima-nuclear-disaster
#1
Rimi Tsuchiya, Yasuyuki Taira, Makiko Orita, Yoshiko Fukushima, Yuukou Endo, Shunichi Yamashita, Noboru Takamura
Kawauchi Village, in Fukushima Prefecture, is located within a 30-km radius of the nuclear disaster site of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP). "Sansai" (edible wild plants) in this village have been evaluated by gamma spectrometry after the residents had returned to their homes, to determine the residents' risk of internal exposure to artificial radionuclides due to consumption of these plants. The concentrations of radiocesium (cesium-134 and cesium-137) were measured in all 364 samples collected in spring 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240738/outcome-of-acute-hospital-admission-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-what-is-the-role-of-mri
#2
Eric Ta Lim, Jean-Claude Theis
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common worldwide condition, affecting most people during their lifetime. Various imaging modalities are being used to assist clinicians in diagnosing and thus, aid in formulating a suitable management plan. Extensive research has been carried out in assessing this condition due to its high prevalence, with many guidelines published internationally. AIM: To determine whether MRI imaging influences the management of patients admitted with acute, non-specific low back pain between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2015...
December 15, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234266/glomus-tumor-of-the-scrotum-a-case-report-and-mini-review
#3
Kareim Khalafalla, Abdulla Al-Ansari, Abdelfftah Omran, Hanan Farghaly, Abdulqadir Alobaidy
Glomus tumor in the genital area is extremely rare, with an extensive search in the medical literature revealing only 1 case arising in the scrotum. They can be easily mistaken, both clinically and radiologically, for skin neoplasms or primary testicular tumors involving the scrotum. This report presents a case of a 54-year-old man who presented with a painful right scrotal swelling. Ultrasound suggested the possibility of an epidermal inclusion cyst. The excised mass was diagnosed as a benign glomus tumor...
November 2017: Current Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225757/dengue-fever-in-a-south-asian-metropolis-a-report-on-219-cases
#4
Shiv Sekhar Chatterjee, Ankush Sharma, Shilpee Choudhury, Sushil Kumar Chumber, Ras Bage, Nittin Parkhe, Uma Khanduri
Background and Objectives: Yearly epidemics of Dengue fever occur post-monsoon in India's capital, Delhi. A prospective observational study was conducted during the outbreak months to understand the epidemiology and outcome of this infection and its economic impact. Materials and Methods: Febrile hospitalized (n=219) patients with dengue fever diagnosed by a combination of MAC-ELISA, GAC-ELISA and NS1Antigen-ELISA were enrolled. Epidemiologic (including economic) parameters, clinical, radiological and laboratory manifestations were noted and patients followed up over the period of hospital stay...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225738/naso-jejunal-tube-insertion-interface-between-radiology-and-endoscopy
#5
Naomi Riddel, Mo Hameed Thoufeeq
A survey was performed to identify the practice associated with endoscopic placement of naso-jejunal (NJ) tubes. We had a total of 236 responses, of which 228 responded to the frequency of requesting X-ray after placing NJ tubes. The responses suggested that there was a strong variation in the practice. The practice was independent on clinicians' area of interest, hospital setting or experience in endoscopy. Currently there are no accepted guidelines on this. Hence, we advise hospitals to have robust local guidelines until there is internationally agreed consensus...
November 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223594/femoral-neck-fractures-after-removal-of-hardware-in-healed-trochanteric-fractures
#6
REVIEW
Antonio Barquet, Peter V Giannoudis, Andrés Gelink
INTRODUCTION: Hardware removal in healed trochanteric fractures (TF) in the absence of infection or significant mechanical complications is rarely indicated. However, in patients with persistent pain, prominent material and discomfort in the activities of daily living, the implant is eventually removed. Publications of ipsilateral femoral neck fracture after removal of implants from healed trochanteric fractures (FNFARIHTF) just because of pain or discomfort are rare. The purpose of this systematic review of the literature is to report on the eventual risk factors, the mechanisms, the clinical presentation, and frequency, and to pay special emphasis in their prevention...
December 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214980/ion-chambers-compliance-results-of-brazilian-radiation-therapy-facilities
#7
Georgia Santos Joana, Camila Salata, Paulo Leal, Renato Oliveira, Nozimar do Couto, Flavia Cristina Teixeira, Abner Duarte Soares, Eduardo Sergio Santini, Marcello Gomes Gonçalves
Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission (cnen) has been making a constant effort to keep updated with international standards and national needs to strengthen the status of radiological protection of the country. The guidelines related to radiation therapy facilities have been revised in the last five years in order to take in consideration the most relevant aspects of the growing technology as well as to mitigate the accidents or incidents observed in practice. Hence, clinical dosimeters have gained special importance in this matter...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211298/prognostic-relevance-of-early-radiologic-response-to-induction-chemotherapy-in-pediatric-rhabdomyosarcoma-a-report-from-the-international-society-of-pediatric-oncology-malignant-mesenchymal-tumor-95-study
#8
Bas Vaarwerk, Johanna H van der Lee, Willemijn B Breunis, Daniel Orbach, Julia C Chisholm, Nathalie Cozic, Meriel Jenney, Rick R van Rijn, Kieran McHugh, Soledad Gallego, Heidi Glosli, Christine Devalck, Mark N Gaze, Anna Kelsey, Christophe Bergeron, Michael C G Stevens, Odile Oberlin, Veronique Minard-Colin, Johannes H M Merks
BACKGROUND: Early response to induction chemotherapy is used in current European guidelines to evaluate the efficacy of chemotherapy and subsequently to adapt treatment in pediatric patients with rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). However, existing literature on the prognostic value of early radiologic response on survival is contradictory; here the prognostic value is analyzed with data from the International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP) Malignant Mesenchymal Tumor 95 (MMT-95) study. METHODS: This study examined 432 Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Grouping III (macroscopic residue) patients enrolled in the SIOP MMT-95 study with a response assessment after 3 courses of chemotherapy (a 2-dimensional assessment)...
December 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204170/locally-advanced-squamous-cell-cervical-cancer-in-a-patient-with-septate-uterus
#9
Guler Yavas, Cagdas Yavas, Gokcen Inan
A 33-year-old premenopausal multiparous woman with the history of septate uterus was referred to the hospital with menorrhagia and inter-menstrual bleeding occurring for the last 6 months. Work-up revealed a stage IIB cervical cancer. The patient underwent curative chemo/radiotherapy. The patient's septate uterus presented several difficulties during application. Brachytherapy was applied using standard computed tomography-compatible tandem and ovoids. The high-risk clinical target volume (HR-CTV), intermediate risk CTV, and organs at risk were contoured according to the Groupe Européen de Curiethérapie - European Society for Radiology and Oncology (GEC-ESTRO) guidelines...
October 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204021/cranioplasty-using-autoclaved-autologous-skull-bone-flaps-preserved-at-ambient-temperature
#10
Dominic Anto, Raju Paul Manjooran, Rajeev Aravindakshan, Kumar Lakshman, Raymond Morris
Context: Decompressive craniectomy followed by cranioplasty (CP) uses autologous craniectomy flaps or synthetic materials like titanium. Sterilization and preservation methods for the autologous bone flaps continue to be the surgeon's choice. Aim: This study aimed to assess the short-term as well as long-term clinical outcomes of CP using autoclaved autologous bone grafts. Settings and Design: This retrospective observational study was performed on patients admitted in a tertiary care teaching neurosurgery department...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201847/the-efficacy-of-fentanyl-transdermal-patch-as-the-first-line-medicine-for-the-conservative-treatment-of-osteoporotic-compression-fracture
#11
June Ho Choi, Hui Dong Kang, Jin Hoon Park, Bon Sub Gu, Sang Ku Jung, Se Hyun Oh
Objective: There are no strong guidelines on how long or how we should undertake conservative treatment during the acute period of an osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (VCF). Methods: We treated 202 patients with conservative treatment on VCF from March 2012 to August 2015. On inclusion criteria, 75 patients (22 males and 53 females) were included in the final analysis. After admission, a transdermal fentanyl patch with low dose (12.5 µg) application was attempted in all patients...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198819/a-day-in-the-life-of-mri-the-variety-and-appropriateness-of-exams-being-performed-in-canada
#12
Sonia Vanderby, Andreea Badea, Juan Nicolás Peña Sánchez, Neil Kalra, Paul Babyn
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the volumes and types of magnetic resonance imaging exams being performed across Canada, common indications for the exams, and exam appropriateness using multiple evaluation tools. METHODS: Thirteen academic medical institutions across Canada participated. Data were obtained relating to a single common day, October 1, 2014. Patient demographics, type by anatomic region and indication for imaging were analysed. Each exam was assessed for appropriateness via the Canadian Association of Radiologists Referral Guidelines and the American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria...
November 30, 2017: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195841/incidental-pulmonary-nodules-in-emergent-coronary-ct-angiography-for-suspected-acute-coronary-syndrome-impact-of-revised-2017-fleischner-society-guidelines
#13
Jan-Erik Scholtz, Michael T Lu, Sandeep Hedgire, Nina M Meyersohn, George R Oliveira, Anand M Prabhakar, Rajiv Gupta, Mannudeep K Kalra, Jo-Anne O Shepard, Udo Hoffmann, Brian B Ghoshhajra
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary nodules (PN) are frequently detected incidentally during coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). We evaluated whether the 2017 Fleischner Society guidelines may result in a decrease of follow-up testing of incidental PN as compared to prior guidelines in patients undergoing coronary CTA. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of a registry of emergency department patients who underwent coronary CTA for acute coronary syndrome assessment between 2012 and 2017...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191271/incidental-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-cystic-or-premalignant-lesions-of-the-pancreas-the-case-for-aggressive-management
#14
REVIEW
Alexander T El Gammal, Jakob R Izbicki
Incidental cystic intrapancreatic lesions are daily findings in abdominal radiology. The discovery of incidental pancreatic lesions is increasingly common with technologic diagnostic advancements. This article provides a perspective and guideline on the clinical management of incidental intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and cystic or premalignant lesions of the pancreas.
February 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189406/cleidocranial-dysplasia-a-review-of-clinical-radiological-genetic-implications-and-a-guidelines-proposal
#15
Emilie Farrow, Romain Nicot, Axel Wiss, Amélie Laborde, Joël Ferri
In this review, we aimed to depict the clinical, radiological, and genetic features of cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) and to suggest management guidelines, based on our experience of 8 cases, with an emphasis given to dental complications.The most common craniofacial features of CCD that stand out are a patency of the anterior fontanelle, an inverted pear-shaped calvaria, a hypertelorism, a general midface retrusion, and a mandible prognathism, associated with an excessive mobility of the shoulders, a short stature, and teeth abnormalities such as supernumerary teeth and failure of eruption, in particular...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184148/evaluation-of-radionuclides-and-decay-simulation-in-a-terrestrial-environment-for-health-risk-assessment
#16
I N Doyi, D K Essumang, S B Dampare, D Duah, A F Ahwireng
This study is to assess the natural radioactivity level in soil samples in communities bordering the Tano Basin in Ghana. The radioactivity concentration of 238U, 232Th and 40K have been determined using γ-ray spectrometry, moreover, the absorbed dose rates and annual effective dose were calculated. MATLAB R2013 script was written to simulate the decay of the radionuclides 238U, 232Th and 40K using their respective half-lives. This is to determine the future impact of natural radionuclides and estimate future anthropogenic inputs...
November 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182990/patterns-of-responses-in-metastatic-nsclc-during-pd-1-or-pdl-1-inhibitor-therapy-comparison-of-recist-1-1-irrecist-and-irecist-criteria
#17
M Tazdait, L Mezquita, J Lahmar, R Ferrara, F Bidault, S Ammari, C Balleyguier, D Planchard, A Gazzah, J C Soria, A Marabelle, B Besse, C Caramella
BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors are an important tool in the therapeutic strategy against metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, radiological evaluation is challenging due to the emergence of atypical patterns of responses. Several evaluation criteria have been proposed, such as the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST), version 1.1, immune -related RECIST (irRECIST) and iRECIST, but have not been systematically compared in a homogeneous population...
November 25, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179894/-preventative-and-therapeutic-relapse-strategies-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-guidelines-from-the-francophone-society-of-bone-marrow-transplantation-and-cellular-therapy-sfgm-tc
#18
Nabil Yafour, Florence Beckerich, Claude Eric Bulabois, Patrice Chevallier, Étienne Daguindau, Cécile Dumesnil, Thierry Guillaume, Anne Huynh, Stavroula Masouridi Levrat, Anne-Lise Menard, Mauricette Michallet, Cécile Pautas, Xavier Poiré, Aurelie Ravinet, Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha, Ali Bazarbachi
Disease relapse remains the first cause of mortality of hematological malignancies after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT). The risk of recurrence is elevated in patients with high-risk cytogenetic or molecular abnormalities, as well as when allo-HCT is performed in patients with refractory disease or with persistent molecular or radiological (PET-CT scan) residual disease. Within the frame of the 7th annual workshops of the francophone society for bone marrow transplantation and cellular therapy, the working group reviewed the literature in order to elaborate unified guidelines for the prevention and treatment of relapse after allo-HCT...
December 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174941/is-delayed-phase-ct-imaging-necessary-after-blunt-renal-trauma-in-children
#19
Molly E Fuchs, Nicholas Beecroft, Daniel G Dajusta, Daryl J McLeod
Objectives To characterize the utilization of delayed phase computed tomography (CT) imaging in blunt renal trauma and determine if the omission of delayed phase CT imaging affected clinical outcomes in children. Methods A prospectively collected trauma database was reviewed between 2006 and 2016 to identify patients ≤21 years of age with a diagnosis of renal injury from blunt trauma. Demographic characteristics, injury grade, injury severity score (ISS), non-kidney organ injuries, radiologic studies, and clinical course were reviewed...
November 23, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174221/lung-toxicity-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-exposed-to-alk-inhibitors-report-of-a-peculiar-case-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Benedetta Pellegrino, Francesco Facchinetti, Paola Bordi, Mario Silva, Letizia Gnetti, Marcello Tiseo
Lung toxicity is a potential fatal effect involving non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients exposed to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Moving from our experience regarding a patient who developed lung toxicity while receiving 2 different anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-TKIs, we performed a systematic review to assess the epidemiologic magnitude and the clinical significance of such toxicity in NSCLC patients treated with ALK-TKIs. Studies were identified using MEDLINE and additional sources (European Society for Medical Oncology, American Society of Clinical Oncology, and World Conference on Lung Cancer abstracts) in agreement with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and Cochrane guidelines...
October 28, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
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