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patchy alopecia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765971/alopecia-areata-in-a-dog-clinical-dermoscopic-and-histological-features
#1
Fabia Scarampella, Paola Roccabianca
Alopecia areata (AA)-like disease is characterized by multifocal patchy hair loss in humans, rodents, dogs, and horses. Remarkable similarities between human and nonhuman AA cases have been reported in terms of clinical presentation, histology, and immune mechanisms of the disease. Canine AA-like lesions most often consist of well-demarcated alopecic patches, frequently but not only involving the face and the head, which extend to the ear pinnae and legs. In some cases, hair loss can have a more generalized distribution...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670386/traction-alopecia-the-root-of-the-problem
#2
REVIEW
Victoria Billero, Mariya Miteva
Traction alopecia (TA) affects one-third of women of African descent who wear various forms of traumatic hairstyling for a prolonged period of time. The risk of TA is increased by the extent of pulling and duration of traction, as well as the use of chemical relaxation. The frequent use of tight buns or ponytails, the attachment of weaves or hair extensions, and tight braids (such as cornrows and dreadlocks) are believed to be the highest risk hairstyles. TA can also occur in the setting of religious and occupational traumatic hairstyling...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582789/serum-and-tissue-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-in-patients-with-alopecia-areata
#3
Shabnam Fahim, Fatemeh Montazer, Hamid Reza Tohidinik, Zahra Safaei Naraghi, Robabeh Abedini, Maryam Nasimi, Narges Ghandi
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata is an immune-dependent disorder characterized by the interaction of T-lymphocytes with follicular antigens. Recent studies have shown the existence of a local renin-angiotensin system in the skin, where angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) plays a role in autoimmunity and inflammation. AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate serum and tissue ACE activity in patients with alopecia areata. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted on patients with alopecia areata and healthy controls...
March 27, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460509/study-of-the-efficacy-of-carboxytherapy-in-alopecia
#4
Noha Nabil Doghaim, Rania Ahmed El-Tatawy, Yomna Mazid El-Hamd Neinaa, Marwa Mohsen Abd El-Samd
BACKGROUND: Management of alopecia areata (AA) and androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is often challenging. The use of carboxytherapy may be a novel therapeutic option for such cases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of carboxytherapy in alopecia areata and androgenetic alopecia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 80 patients with alopecia divided into two groups; Group I included 40 AA patients (Group IA received carboxytherapy and Group IB control received placebo), and Group II included 40 AGA patients (Group IIA received carboxytherapy and Group IIB control received placebo), and followed up monthly for 3 months...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212074/late-onset-alopecia-areata-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Anna Lyakhovitsky, Sarit Gilboa, Anna Eshkol, Aviv Barzilai, Sharon Baum
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata is an immune-mediated disease presenting with sudden onset of nonscarring hair loss. Onset is more common earlier in life, and little is known regarding late-onset alopecia areata. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiology, clinical patterns, disease course, and outcome of late-onset alopecia areata in Israeli patients referred to a tertiary medical center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study considered patients whose disease onset occurred at age ≥50 years...
2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202152/subacute-loss-of-vision-in-one-eye-%C3%A2-rash-on-hands-and-feet-%C3%A2-plaques-with-scaling-on-genitals-%C3%A2-dx
#6
Abigail Nunn, Jeffrey M Sturek, Joshua E Reuss, Michael F Rein, Scott K Heysell
A 67-year-old man presented to the hospital with subacute loss of vision in his left eye. The visual changes began 2 weeks earlier, with a central area of visual loss that had since progressed to near complete vision loss in the left eye. Physical examination revealed patchy alopecia, a scaling and hyperkeratotic rash of his hands and feet, and blanching, erythematous plaques with associated scaling on the scrotum and glans penis. Ophthalmologic examination revealed 1/200 vision in his left eye with a large plaque occupying a substantial portion of the superior quadrant, smaller perifoveal plaques in both of his eyes, and a small infiltrate above the left optic nerve head...
December 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177146/patchy-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-description-of-an-incomplete-clinical-presentation
#7
Leticia Arsie Contin, Yana Lya de Almeida Ledá, Kédima Caldeira Nassif, Maria Victoria Suárez Restrepo
We describe 6 incomplete cases of frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA). All patients were postmenopausal women. Their average age was 60 years; 2 of the women were Caucasian, and the remaining 4 women were of a mixed ethnicity. The disease duration ranged from 3 to 17 years. The patients' lesions presented as irregular alopecic plaques in the frontal and/or temporal regions, with few signs of perifollicular inflammation, slow progression, and progressive loss of the vellus hair in the frontal area. Loss of the eyebrows, facial hyperpigmentation, and loss of the body hair were observed in 3 patients, 1 patient, and 2 patients, respectively...
October 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973128/screening-guidelines-for-thyroid-function-in-children-with-alopecia-areata
#8
Deepa Patel, Ping Li, Andrew J Bauer, Leslie Castelo-Soccio
Importance: The incidence of thyroid disease in children with alopecia areata (AA) has been widely studied with no consensus on whether a true association with AA exists. In addition, screening practices for thyroid dysfunction in children with AA vary widely among clinicians. Objective: To reduce health care costs, eliminate unnecessary testing, and standardize clinical practices, we sought to characterize thyroid function in children with AA to establish guidelines for screening...
December 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925637/hair-loss-common-causes-and-treatment
#9
T Grant Phillips, W Paul Slomiany, Robert Allison
Hair loss is often distressing and can have a significant effect on the patient's quality of life. Patients may present to their family physician first with diffuse or patchy hair loss. Scarring alopecia is best evaluated by a dermatologist. Nonscarring alopecias can be readily diagnosed and treated in the family physician's office. Androgenetic alopecia can be diagnosed clinically and treated with minoxidil. Alopecia areata is diagnosed by typical patches of hair loss and is self-limited. Tinea capitis causes patches of alopecia that may be erythematous and scaly and must be treated systemically...
September 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879192/unsuccessful-treatment-of-alopecia-areata-with-simvastatin-ezetimibe-experience-in-12-patients
#10
Mabe Freitas Gouveia, Ralph M Trüeb
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Alopecia areata is a common immune-mediated hair condition with limited treatment options and success rates. There is evidence that statins, which are used for reducing atherogenesis and cardiovascular disease, have immunomodulatory activities and therefore may also be used for treatment of selected dermatologic conditions, including alopecia areata. Among treatments evaluated for alopecia areata, oral simvastatin/ezetimibe therapy is currently under the scrutiny of expert opinion...
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871934/diffuse-palmoplantar-keratoderma-onychodystrophy-universal-hypotrichosis-and-cysts
#11
Tasleem Arif, Syed Suhail Amin, Mohammad Adil, Mohd Mohtashim
Dear Editor, Clouston syndrome, also called hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED), is an autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia characterized by a clinical triad of onychodystrophy, generalized hypotrichosis, and palmoplantar keratoderma (1). Herein we report the case of a 24-year-old male with the distinctive clinical triad associated with multiple epidermoid cysts, which probably reflects the phenotype of Clouston syndrome. A 24-year-old male presented to our Department with diffuse thickening of the skin of his palms and soles since infancy...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761264/a-case-report-of-verruca-vulgaris-on-basis-of-alopecia-areata-successfully-treated-with-diphenylcyclopropenone
#12
Tugba Kevser Uzuncakmak, Mahmut Can Koska, Ayşe Serap Karadağ, Necmettin Akdeniz
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune skin disease which is usually characterized by patchy hair loss in effected regions. Diagnosis usually based on clinical findings and main treatment options include topical, intralesional, systemic corticosteroids, and topical immunotherapy. Verruca vulgaris is an infectious disease caused by human papillomavirus which is usually characterized by well-marginated hyperkeratotic papules or plaques. There are several treatment modalities such as physical and chemical destruction and topical immunotherapy...
January 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707961/encephalocraniocutaneous-lipomatosis-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#13
Shaista Siddiqui, Shazia Naaz, Mehtab Ahmad, Zafar Ahmad Khan, Shagufta Wahab, Basmah Abdur Rashid
Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) or Haberland syndrome is an uncommon sporadic neurocutaneous syndrome of unknown origin. The rarity and common ignorance of the condition often makes diagnosis difficult. The hallmark of this syndrome is the triad of skin, ocular and central nervous system (CNS) involvement and includes a long list of combination of conditions. Herein we report a case of a 5-month-old male child who presented to our centre with complaint of seizure. The patient had various cutaneous and ocular stigmatas of the disease in the form of patchy alopecia of the scalp, right-sided limbal dermoid and a nodular skin tag near the lateral canthus of the right eye...
December 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611622/psoriatic-alopecia-in-a-patient-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#14
Wimolsiri Iamsumang, Tueboon Sriphojanart, Poonkiat Suchonwanit
Psoriasis is a chronic, recurrent, and relatively common inflammatory dermatologic condition, which demonstrates various clinical manifestations including hair loss. It was once believed that alopecia was not a presentation of scalp psoriasis, but it is now widely accepted that psoriatic alopecia exists. Although the majority of patients get hair regrowth, it can potentially lead to permanent hair loss. Herein, we report a case of 26-year-old female patient with systemic lupus erythematosus who presented with scalp hair loss and nonpruritic scaly plaques on the scalp...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546083/mechanisms-of-tolerance-and-potential-therapeutic-interventions-in-alopecia-areata
#15
REVIEW
Gabriel Skogberg, Sonya Jackson, Annika Åstrand
This review aims to address the mechanisms of compromised immune tolerance contributing to the development and maintenance of Alopecia Areata (AA). Our goal is to also highlight future treatment opportunities and therapeutics that will safely and efficiently restore hair growth and maintain patients in remission. AA is a presumptive autoimmune disorder that coincides and genetically clusters to several other autoimmune diseases. In this review, we pay attention to the learnings from the mechanistic research and drug development in these other autoimmune conditions...
November 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521549/efficacy-of-topical-latanoprost-versus-minoxidil-and-betamethasone-valerate-on-the-treatment-of-alopecia-areata
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amal Ahmad El-Ashmawy, Iman Hamed El-Maadawy, Gamal Mohamed El-Maghraby
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is one of the most common causes of localized hair loss. There is no universally proven therapy that induces and sustains remission of hair growth in AA. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of topical latanoprost, minoxidil and betamethasone valerate on hair growth in patients with AA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hundred patients with AA classified into five groups of 20 treated with: Group I, latanoprost 0...
February 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378336/review-of-treatment-for-alopecia-totalis-and-alopecia-universalis
#17
REVIEW
Sama Kassira, Dorota Z Korta, Lance W Chapman, Francis Dann
Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune disease directed at the hair follicle. Although usually limited to patchy hair loss over the scalp (focalis), AA can present as total loss of scalp hair (totalis; AT) or as total loss of both scalp and body hair (universalis; AU). Management of AT and AU can be challenging, and although multiple treatment modalities have been explored, no therapy is currently FDA-approved. This review focuses on the evidence for current treatment options for AT and AU. The PubMed database was searched from January 1, 2000, to September 1, 2016, for clinical trials, retrospective studies, and case reports of treatments for AT and AU...
August 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300084/alopecia-areata
#18
REVIEW
C Herbert Pratt, Lloyd E King, Andrew G Messenger, Angela M Christiano, John P Sundberg
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder characterized by transient, non-scarring hair loss and preservation of the hair follicle. Hair loss can take many forms ranging from loss in well-defined patches to diffuse or total hair loss, which can affect all hair-bearing sites. Patchy alopecia areata affecting the scalp is the most common type. Alopecia areata affects nearly 2% of the general population at some point during their lifetime. Skin biopsies of affected skin show a lymphocytic infiltrate in and around the bulb or the lower part of the hair follicle in the anagen (hair growth) phase...
March 16, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028430/a-child-with-debilitating-pruritus
#19
Nikhil Sonthalia, Samit S Jain, Vinay B Pawar, Vinay G Zanwar, Ravindra G Surude, Pravin M Rathi, Kshitij K Munde, Sandeep Bavdekar
We describe a case of two-year-old boy presenting with debilitating pruritus, patchy alopecia and jaundice since the age of 6 months. On evaluation he had intrahepatic cholestasis with persistently raised serum alkaline phosphatase, normal Gamma glutamyl transferase and raised serum bile acid levels. His liver biopsy showed bland cholestasis and electron microscopy showed granular bile suggestive of progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type I. Medical therapy with ursodeoxycholic acid, cholestyramine, rifampicin with nutritional modification was successful in alleviating the symptoms and correcting the nutritional status...
October 24, 2016: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904180/evaluation-of-clinical-significance-of-dermoscopy-in-alopecia-areata
#20
Akhila Sai Guttikonda, Chintaginjala Aruna, D V S B Ramamurthy, K Sridevi, Senthil Kumar L Alagappan
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is a common, chronic inflammatory disease characterized by nonscarring hair loss on the scalp or any hair-bearing area of the body. Recently, dermoscopy, a noninvasive diagnostic procedure, has been employed for the diagnosis of AA. AIM: To evaluate various dermoscopic patterns in AA and correlate these patterns with the disease activity and severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dermoscopy was performed on AA patients using DL1 dermoscope (magnification ×10 was used)...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
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