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Strangulated inguinal hernia

Huanhao Zhou, Xiaojiao Ruan, Xia Shao, Xiaming Huang, Guan Fang, Xiaofeng Zheng
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of incarcerated inguinal hernia (IIH) is not difficult, but currently, there are no diagnostic criteria that can be used to differentiate it from strangulated inguinal hernia (SIH). This research aimed to evaluate the clinical value of the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in diagnosing SIH. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 263 patients with IIH who had undergone emergency operation. The patients were divided into two groups according to IIH severity: group A, patients with pure IIH validated during operation as having no bowel ischemia; group B, patients with SIH validated during operation as having obvious bowel ischemia, including bowel necrosis...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Ahmad S Ashrafi, Michael J Horkoff, Waleed M Mohammad, Shaheer Tadros, Sudhir Sundaresan
INTRODUCTION: Boerhaave's syndrome is defined as the spontaneous perforation of the esophagus. Although it has been reported in association with different gastrointestinal pathologies, there are no previous reports in association with an incarcerated inguinal hernia containing ischemic small bowel. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present an unusual case of a gentleman who presented with severe chest pain after a 24-h period of emesis. He was found to have developed an esophageal perforation presumed secondary to an incarcerated inguinal hernia causing small bowel obstruction...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Jessica A Naiditch, David T Schindel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
P J Chung, J S Lee, S Tam, A Schwartzman, M O Bernstein, L Dresner, A Alfonso, G Sugiyama
PURPOSE: Anterior abdominal wall hernias are among the most commonly encountered surgical disease. We sought to identify risk factors that are associated with 30-day postoperative mortality following emergent abdominal wall hernia repair using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) database. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data from the ACS NSQIP from 2005 to 2010 was performed. Patients were selected using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and International Classification of Disease 9 Clinical Modification (ICD9) codes for the repair of inguinal, femoral, umbilical, epigastric, ventral, or incisional hernias that were incarcerated, obstructed, strangulated, or gangrenous...
September 16, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Agustin Sibona, Vinod Gollapalli, Vellore Parithivel, Umashankkar Kannan
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal wall hernias remain as one of the most common problems that the general surgeon has to treat. Although usually straightforward and easy to diagnose by the experienced hands, obstacles appear when contents of the hernia sac include organs. The presence of the appendix inside a femoral hernia (De Garengeot's hernia) is a rare entity which represents multiple challenges, both diagnostic and therapeutic. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 36-year-old female patient who originally presented to the ED with abdominal/groin pain and a new onset of right inguinal swelling...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Cihad Tatar, İshak Sefa Tüzün, Tamer Karşıdağ, Mehmet Celal Kızılkaya, Erdem Yılmaz
BACKGROUND: Incarcerated inguinal hernia is a commonly encountered urgent surgical condition, and tension-free repair is a well-established method for the treatment of non-complicated cases. However, due to the risk of prosthetic material-related infections, the use of mesh in the repair of strangulated or incarcerated hernia has often been subject to debate. Recent studies have demonstrated that biomaterials represent suitable materials for performing urgent hernia repair. Certain studies recommend mesh repair only for cases where no bowel resection is required; other studies, however, recommend mesh repair for patients requiring bowel resection as well...
July 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
V V Ganji, I P Kolesnik, A I Marusiy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
Kwang Ho Choi, Hye Jin Baek
INTRODUCTION: Inguinal hernia with containing the ovary presenting as a palpable groin mass is an uncommon congenital condition, and it may cause complications such as strangulation, torsion, and infertility. We present a case of ovarian herniation into inguinal canal with sonographic findings. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 15-day-old infant girl visited our hospital with the complaints of palpable mass in the right groin. On physical examination, a palpable non-movable mass was found in the right inguinal region, and it was irreducible...
August 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Sergio Susmallian, Oleg Ponomarenko, Royi Barnea, Haim Paran
Hernia through the obturator canal is usually unsuspected and hence undiagnosed. Patients with obturator hernias present as acute cases of intestinal obstruction secondary to strangulation or incarceration, with high rate of morbidity and mortality due to delayed diagnosis and treatment. The know incidence of obturator hernia is low, representing 0.073% (11 of 15,098) of all hernias repaired at the Mayo Clinic in a retrospective study of 15 years. In this study, we conducted a retrospective analysis of laparoscopic extraperitoneal hernia repairs that were performed between the years 2003 and 2007...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Francesco Iovino, Pasquale Pio Auriemma, Luca Dani, Giovanni Giordano, Alfonso Barbarisi
INTRODUCTION: Giant inguinoscrotal hernias are unusual in developed countries and rarely associated with other wall hernias, such as controlateral inguinal hernia, umbilical hernia. The presence of more parietal defects can facilitate reinstatement of giant hernia content without respiratory and circulatory compromise, but the risk of occlusion and bowel strangulation results increased. CASE REPORT: Here, we report an unusual case of an asymptomatic giant inguinal hernia associated with controlateral inguinal and umbilical hernia in a 60 years old Caucasian male treated with sequential surgical approach...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Bapurapu Raja Ram, Vallabhdas Srinivas Goud, Dodda Ramesh Kumar, Bande Karunakar Reddy, Kumara Swamy Boda, Venkanna Madipeddi
INTRODUCTION: The available classical approaches for Groin hernia are multiple. The change of approach with change of incision is needed with these approaches when the bowel is gangrenous. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new approach for all strangulated groin hernias (inguinal, femoral and obturator), in terms of change of approach/complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was conducted in surgical unit-2 of MGM Hospital, Kakatiya Medical College Warangal, Telangana State, India, from Nov 2000 to Oct 2010...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Majid Akrami, MohamamdYasin Karami, Vahid Zangouri, Iman Deilami, Mehrnoush Maalhagh
Femoral hernias account for 2% to 4% of groin hernias, are more common in women, and are more appropriate to present with strangulation and require emergency surgery.This condition may lead to symptoms of bowel obstruction or strangulation and possible bowel resection-anastomosis. To the best of our knowledge, there is few reports of strangulated femoral hernia.We herein present an 82-year-old lady who presented with a 5-day history of abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. On examination, the patient had a generalized tenderness and distention...
January 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
Annesu Wessels, Colleen Bamford, David Lewis, Markus Martini, Helen Wainwright
An inguinal lymph node was discovered incidentally during surgery for a suspected strangulated inguinal hernia. The patient had recently been treated for candidal balanoposthitis and was known to have a paraphimosis. A new foreskin ulcer was discovered when he was admitted for the hernia surgery. The lymph node histology showed stellate abscesses suggestive of lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). Chlamydial serologic tests were negative. As the histological appearance and clinical details provided were thought to suggest LGV, tissue was also sent for a real-time quadriplex polymerase chain reaction assay...
May 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Emma Upchurch, Musallam Al-Akash
We describe a case of pseudomyxoma peritonei presenting as a strangulated inguinal hernia. We review the current literature regarding the incidence of underlying pathology in patients presenting with abdominal wall herniae and discuss the need for histological assessment of the hernia sac in selected patients. We highlight the importance of assessing for and being aware of significant underlying pathology in certain patients.
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ritesh G Menezes, Jagadish Rao Padubidri, Y P Raghavendra Babu, Ramadas Naik, Tanuj Kanchan, Subramanian Senthilkumaran, Khushboo Chawla
Sudden unwitnessed, unexpected deaths when the bodies are found in public places require a complete and meticulous medicolegal autopsy to ascertain the cause and manner of death to avoid further unnecessary investigations by the legal authorities. Such deaths attributed to gastrointestinal causes at autopsy are relatively uncommon. We report a case of sudden unexpected death due to strangulated inguinal hernia in a 60-year-old man. The body was discovered in a public area near a place of worship. The present case illustrates a potentially preventable sudden unexpected death due to a surgically correctable gastrointestinal condition...
June 2016: Medico-legal Journal
S N Elenwo, P O Igwe, R S Jamabo, U S Sonye
BACKGROUND: Richter's hernia is defined as a type of hernia in which only part of the circumference of the antimesenteric border of a bowel wall is incarcerated within the hernia sac leading to ischemia, gangrene and perforation of the hollow viscus. Richter's hernia is known to cause strangulation without obstruction due to involvement of only a part of the circumference of a bowel wall. Inguino-labial Richter's hernia presenting with the complication of spontaneous entero-cutaneous fistula is rare...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Takashi Sakamoto, Mayu Shimaguchi, Alan K Lefor, Akihiro Kishida
An interparietal hernia is defined as a hernia in which the hernial sac lies between the tissue layers comprising the abdominal wall. A strangulated interparietal inguinal hernia without an external bulge is a rare cause of an acute abdomen and difficult to diagnose preoperatively. We report a patient with a history of a right inguinal hernia who presented with abdominal pain without inguinal bulging. An interparietal (preperitoneal) inguinal hernia was diagnosed and treated by laparoscopic reduction and a transabdominal preperitoneal hernia repair...
February 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
L Benichou, A Caillot, C Vacher
INTRODUCTION: This article describes an attractive approach to the reconstruction of the groin after loss of substance: the skin, subcutaneous tissue and fascia of the rectus abdominis and oblique muscles were reconstructed using an anterolateral thigh flap based on a proximal vascular pedicle. CLINICAL CASE REPORT: A 70-year-old female with a strangulated inguinal hernia that had been neglected for eight days presented initially with intestinal necrosis and necrotizing infection of the abdominal wall in the right groin...
February 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Emine Burcu Cigsar, Cetin Ali Karadag, Ali Ihsan Dokucu
PURPOSE: Presence of the vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia sac is known as Amyand's hernia. This may present as a tender inguinal swelling and is often misdiagnosed as irreducible or strangulated hernia. METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2013 we treated 4498 patients with inguinal hernias and performed 3267 appendectomies. Among these; 46 had an Amyand's hernia. Age, sex, presenting symptoms, treatment modality, histopathological findings, duration of hospitalization, and post-surgical outcomes were analyzed retrospectively...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
P Hughes, A Abdelhafeez, A T Byrne, D Real, J Gillick
Indirect inguinal hernias are the most commonly encountered congenital abnormality in infants. They may be complicated by herniation of abdominal or pelvic viscus. In girls, a herniated ovary is a relatively common finding, however torsion of the ovary is infrequent. A tender irreducible inguinal hernia in an infant girl should raise the possibility of a strangulated herniated ovary as it requires urgent surgical attention. When in doubt, ultrasound with colour Doppler easily confirms the diagnosis. Here we present the case of an ovarian inguinal hernia which had undergone torsion and review the presentation, imaging findings and management...
October 2015: Irish Medical Journal
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