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Strangulated inguinal hernia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927907/extra-gastrointestinal-anisakidosis-caused-by-pseudoterranova-azarasi-manifesting-as-strangulated-inguinal-hernia
#1
Akari Mitsuboshi, Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Yusuke Ito, Tetsushi Mizuno, Masaharu Tokoro, Masashi Kasai
The incidence of anisakidosis continues to increase worldwide due to increased consumption of undercooked fish. Although anisakidosis can be categorized into four clinical phenotypes (gastric, intestinal, ectopic, and allergic), ectopic forms of the condition are much less common than gastric or intestinal forms when caused by Pseudoterranova spp. We report the case of a 5-year-old patient who presented with a rapidly growing left inguinal mass and was subsequently diagnosed with extra-gastrointestinal anisakidosis caused by Pseudoterranova azarasi...
September 16, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892969/fistulating-richter-s-hernia-of-groin-with-necrotizing-soft-tissue-infection-a-lethal-combination
#2
Shibojit Talukder, Ashish Gupta, Basant Narayan Singh, Lileswar Kaman, P Abhinaya Reddy
Strangulation of groin hernia can result in significant morbidity and mortality. Spontaneous external fistulation following strangulation is rare and typically occurs with Richter's hernia. Spreading Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection (NSTI) secondary to Enterocutaneous Fistula (ECF) is an ominous sign, further worsening its prognosis. Early diagnosis and prompt surgical treatment is crucial to improve outcome. Herewith the authors are presenting a case of neglected inguinal hernia. It was complicated with ECF formation and rapidly spreading NSTI of flank...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892783/internal-supravesical-hernia-repaired-via-the-anterior-approach-alone-a-case-report
#3
Masaki Morimoto, Soichiro Honjo, Teruhisa Sakamoto, Naruo Tokuyasu, Yosuke Arai, Masataka Amisaki, Ei Uchinaka, Yasuro Kurisu, Sadamu Takahashi, Hiroshi Watanabe, Satoshi Nagai, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara
INTRODUCTION: Internal supravesical hernia is one of the rarest types of inguinal hernia. The hernial orifice is surrounded by the transverse vesical fold, median umbilical fold, and medial umbilical fold. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 75-year-old male presented with lower abdominal pain and nausea. Plain abdominal CT showed that the bladder was suppressed by small bowel near the left internal inguinal ring. A part of the small bowel wall seemed to be inlaid, and so the patient was diagnosed with a strangulated left inguinal hernia...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876575/neonatal-surgery-a-study-of-two-years-at-nelson-mandela-academic-hospital-mthatha-eastern-cape
#4
A Delgado, A Cejas, D Bangasa
BACKGROUND: Advances in diagnostic techniques and perioperative care have greatly improved the outcome of neonatal surgery. Despite this, disparity still exists in the outcome of neonatal surgery between developed and developing countries. METHOD: We performed a prospective study of neonates admitted and treated due to surgical congenital diseases and other conditions in our hospital from April 2015 to April 2017. RESULTS: There were 19 (28,7%) females and 47 (70,3%) males in this group...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790095/reduction-en-masse-of-inguinal-hernia-a-review-of-a-rare-and-potential-fatal-complication-following-reduction-of-inguinal-hernia
#5
Ashanga Yatawatta
Reduction en masse is reduction of a hernial sac into the pre-peritoneal space with a loop of bowel remaining incarcerated at the neck of the sac, leading to early strangulation. This is a rare complication, usually encountered with inguinal hernias, with a false reassurance to the patient and the treating physician that complete reduction has been achieved. Unless early intervention is carried out, this condition will typically present with worsening pain and absence of an appreciable hernia bulge at the groin, and intestinal necrosis may be encountered on exploration...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716872/the-duari-hernia-and-recognition-of-the-femoral-vein-compression-sign
#6
Ian Y Goh, Anna Louise Sandstrom, Troy Stapleton, Ratna Aseervatham, David A Grieve
Femoral hernias can be difficult to diagnose and are at high risk of strangulation. This report is of a rare case of an irreducible femoral hernia containing caecum and appendix presenting as an emergency. To the authors' knowledge, there have only been three cases reported, the first described by Duari. This case was incorrectly diagnosed preoperatively as an inguinal hernia, so the CT diagnosis of femoral hernias is reviewed, in particular demonstrating the radiological use of the femoral vein compression sign...
July 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664523/a-case-of-incisional-hernia-repair-using-composix-mesh-prosthesis-after-antethoracic-pedicled-jejunal-flap-reconstruction-following-an-esophagectomy
#7
Atsushi Yasuda, Takushi Yasuda, Hiroaki Kato, Mitsuru Iwama, Osamu Shiraishi, Yoko Hiraki, Yumiko Tanaka, Masayuki Shinkai, Motohiro Imano, Yutaka Kimura, Haruhiko Imamoto
BACKGROUND: An incisional hernia in a case of antethoracic pedicled jejunal flap esophageal reconstruction after esophagectomy is a very rare occurrence, and this hernia was distinctive in that the reconstructed jejunum had passed through the hernial orifice; a standard surgical treatment for such a presentation has not been established. Herein, we describe a case of repair using mesh prosthesis for an atypical and distinctive incisional hernia after antethoracic pedicled jejunal flap esophageal reconstruction...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580060/amyand-s-hernia-a-case-report
#8
Haris N Shekhani, Saurabh Rohatgi, Tarek Hanna, Jamlik-Omari Johnson
Amyand's hernia is a rare and atypical hernia characterized by the herniation of the appendix into the inguinal sac. This hernia may be present without symptoms until inflammation of the appendix may lead to incarceration, strangulation, necrosis, perforation or rupture. Early symptoms include tenderness and inguinal swelling which may be misdiagnosed as a strangulated hernia. This condition can be difficult to diagnose clinically. Ultrasound and Computed Tomography may aid in diagnosis. This article presents a rare case of Amyand's hernia followed by a discussion of the epidemiology, diagnosis, imaging details and treatment options for this condition...
December 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515592/inguinoscrotal-hernia-in-infants-three-case-reports-in-ultrasound-diagnosis
#9
Dharmraj Meena, Richa Jhuria, Sangeeta Saxena, Umesh Saini
An inguinal hernia occurs when an intestinal loop or part of the omentum or genital organs passes into the scrotal cavity or labia through an incompletely obliterated processus vaginalis. Inguinal hernias are most common in preterm neonates, especially at 32-weeks gestation. Content of hernia is mostly bowel and ovary/testicles. Presence of uterus in herniated sac is rare, and only few cases are reported in literature. Hernia is more frequently located on the right side because the right processus vaginalis closes later than the left...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468896/emergency-laparotomy-in-infants-born-at-26-weeks-gestation-a-neonatal-network-based-cohort-study-of-frequency-surgical-pathology-and-outcomes
#10
Jonathan Durell, Nigel J Hall, Melanie Drewett, Kujan Paramanantham, David Burge
OBJECTIVE: Identify the proportion of infants born at <26 completed weeks' gestation who require emergency laparotomy, and review the surgical pathology, incidence of subsequent surgical procedures and outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort review. SETTING: Tertiary neonatal surgical unit. PATIENTS: All infants born at <26 weeks' gestation in a neonatal network over an 8-year period. RESULTS: Of 381 infants, laparotomy was indicated in 61 (16%) and performed in 57...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381270/a-rare-diaphragmatic-ureteral-herniation-case-report-endoscopic-and-open-reconstructive-management
#11
Frank C Lin, Jamie S Lin, Samuel Kim, Jonathan R Walker
BACKGROUND: Ureteral herniations are a rare occurrence, generally found incidentally on cross sectional imaging or during surgical intervention for unrelated processes. Several locations of ureteral herniations can occur including the inguinal, femoral, sciatic, obturator, and thoracic regions. While few reports of ureteral hernias are reported in the literature overall, the vast majority of those reported are inguinoscrotal herniations found during evaluation and treatment of inguinal hernias...
April 5, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350567/watchful-waiting-versus-surgery-of-mildly-symptomatic-or-asymptomatic-inguinal-hernia-in-men-aged-50-years-and-older-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Barry de Goede, Arthur R Wijsmuller, Gabrielle H van Ramshorst, Bob J van Kempen, Wim C J Hop, Pieter J Klitsie, Marc R Scheltinga, Jeroen de Haan, Walter J B Mastboom, Erwin van der Harst, Maarten P Simons, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink, Johannes Jeekel, Johan F Lange
OBJECTIVE: To compare if watchful waiting is noninferior to elective repair in men aged 50 years and older with mildly symptomatic or asymptomatic inguinal hernia. BACKGROUND: The role of watchful waiting in older male patients with mildly symptomatic or asymptomatic inguinal hernia is still not well-established. METHODS: In this noninferiority trial, we randomly assigned men aged 50 years and older with mildly symptomatic or asymptomatic inguinal hernia to either elective inguinal hernia repair or watchful waiting...
March 27, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273609/a-rare-case-of-a-strangulated-littre-s-hernia-with-meckel-s-diverticulum-duplication-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
C R López-Lizárraga, M P Sánchez-Muñoz, G E Juárez-López, L Pelayo-Orozco, L F De la Cerda-Trujillo, C F Ploneda-Valencia
INTRODUCTION: The Meckel's diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract present in approximately 1-4% of the population; the MD duplication is exceedingly rare with only a few reports of it. Here we present the firs case of a strangulated Littre's hernia with MD duplication. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 30-year-old male presented to the emergency room with clinical signs of small bowel obstruction, at physical examination, a right incarcerated inguinal hernia with erythema was found...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262593/de-garengeot-hernia-with-perforated-appendicitis-and-a-groin-subcutaneous-abscess-a-case-report
#14
Hiroaki Mashima, Masataka Banshodani, Masahiro Nishihara, Junko Nambu, Yasuo Kawaguchi, Fumio Shimamoto, Kiyohiko Dohi, Keizo Sugino, Hideki Ohdan
INTRODUCTION: De Garengeot hernia is rare. Although previous reports have suggested various surgical options according to patient condition, comorbidities, surgeon preference, and clinical findings during surgery, a treatment strategy has not been established. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 81-year-old woman presented with an irreducible tender mass that was subsequently diagnosed as an incarcerated femoral hernia with a subcutaneous abscess in the right groin. Intraoperative findings revealed a necrotic and perforated appendix strangulated by the femoral ring for which an appendectomy and herniorrhaphy was performed concurrently through the hernia sac...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104721/gastrointestinal-stromal-tumour-gist-presenting-as-a-strangulated-inguinal-hernia-with-small-bowel-obstruction
#15
Marco Massani, Giovanni Capovilla, Cesare Ruffolo, Nicolò Bassi
Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) can arise everywhere along the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Their presentation in unusual locations should always be taken into account. A 74-year-old man referred to the emergency department for small bowel obstruction caused by an incarcerated inguinal hernia. A CT scan showed a mesenchymal tumour originating from the herniated bowel loop and a mass in the ascending colon. Laparoscopic resection of the mass and laparoscopic right hemicolectomy were performed. The histology showed a ruptured GIST arising from the herniated small bowel and a high-grade dysplasia villous adenoma of the right colon...
January 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007393/fournier-s-gangrene-during-acth-therapy
#16
Shingo Numoto, Hirokazu Kurahashi, Yoshiteru Azuma, Atsushi Numaguchi, Kozaburo Nakahara, Takahisa Tainaka, Michihiko Takasu, Kiyoshi Yamakawa, Nozomi Nago, Taichiro Muto, Yoshiro Kitagawa, Akihisa Okumura
Fournier's gangrene is an infectious necrotizing fasciitis of the perineal, genital, or perianal regions and is uncommon in children. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is effective for the treatment of infantile spasms; however, suppression of immune function is one of the major adverse effects of this approach. We encountered a 2-month-old boy with infantile spasms that had been treated with ACTH and had developed complicating Fournier's gangrene. Strangulation of a right inguinal hernia was observed after ACTH treatment...
May 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847669/novel-approach-for-enterocutaneous-fistula-treatment-with-the-use-of-viable-cryopreserved-placental-membrane
#17
Frederick Nichols, Aaron Overly
Enterocutaneous fistulas (ECF) are a difficult and costly surgical complication to manage. The standard treatment of nil per os (NPO) and total paraenteral nutrition (TPN) is not well tolerated by patients. TPN is also known for complications associated with long term central venous catheterization and for high cost of prolonged hospital stay. We present two low output ECF cases successfully treated with viable cryopreserved placental membrane (vCPM) placed into the fistula tracts. One patient is a 59-year-old male with a low output ECF from a jejunostomy tube site four weeks after the surgery...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771521/clinical-value-of-the-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-in-diagnosing-adult-strangulated-inguinal-hernia
#18
Huanhao Zhou, Xiaojiao Ruan, Xia Shao, Xiaming Huang, Guan Fang, Xiaofeng Zheng
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of incarcerated inguinal hernia (IIH) is not difficult, but currently, there are no diagnostic criteria that can be used to differentiate it from strangulated inguinal hernia (SIH). This research aimed to evaluate the clinical value of the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in diagnosing SIH. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 263 patients with IIH who had undergone emergency operation. The patients were divided into two groups according to IIH severity: group A, patients with pure IIH validated during operation as having no bowel ischemia; group B, patients with SIH validated during operation as having obvious bowel ischemia, including bowel necrosis...
December 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744258/boerhaave-s-syndrome-secondary-to-an-incarcerated-inguinal-hernia-a-case-report
#19
Ahmad S Ashrafi, Michael J Horkoff, Waleed M Mohammad, Shaheer Tadros, Sudhir Sundaresan
INTRODUCTION: Boerhaave's syndrome is defined as the spontaneous perforation of the esophagus. Although it has been reported in association with different gastrointestinal pathologies, there are no previous reports in association with an incarcerated inguinal hernia containing ischemic small bowel. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present an unusual case of a gentleman who presented with severe chest pain after a 24-h period of emesis. He was found to have developed an esophageal perforation presumed secondary to an incarcerated inguinal hernia causing small bowel obstruction...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639632/inguinal-hernia-in-a-preterm-neonate-complicated-by-strangulation-and-subcutaneous-hernia-sac-rupture
#20
Jessica A Naiditch, David T Schindel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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